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Speech and Phenomena

Speech and Phenomena: And Other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs, or Voice
Speech and Phenomena
and Phenomenon: Introduction to the Problem of the Sign in Husserl's
Phenomenology,[1] (French: La Voix et le Phénomène) is a book about the
phenomenology of Edmund Husserl by French philosopher Jacques Derrida,
published in 1967 alongside Derrida'sOf Grammatology and Writing and Difference.
In Speech and Phenomena, Derrida articulates his mature relationship to Husserl,
putting forward an argument concerning Husserl's phenomenological project as a
whole in relation to a key distinction in Husserl's theory of language in the Logical
Investigations (1900-1901) and how this distinction relates to his description of
internal time consciousness. Derrida also develops key discussions of the terms
deconstruction and différance. Derrida commented that Speech and Phenomena is
the "essay I value the most".[2] Derrida's best known work on Husserl's
phenomenology, it is widely considered one of his most important philosophical
works.

Cover of the first edition


Contents
Author Jacques Derrida
Background
Original title La Voix et le
Structure
Phénomène
1. Sign and Signs
Translator David B. Allison
Translations
Leonard Lawlor
Commentary
See also
Country France

Notes and references Language French


Subject Edmund Husserl
Publisher Presses
Background Universitaires de
Speech and Phenomena is the culmination of a long period of study on the France
phenomenology of Edmund Husserl that Derrida began with his 1953/54 masters Publication 1967
thesis The Problem of Genesis in Husserl's Phenomenology. This early thesis then date
formed the basis for his 1959 paper "'Genesis and Structure' and Phenomenology."[3] Published in 1973
Derrida also translated Husserl's "Origin of Geometry" from German into French
English
and published his translation of this article with a book length introduction in 1962. Media type Print
Pages 166 (English
Structure translation)
ISBN 0-8101-0590-X
Speech and Phenomena consists of an introduction and seven chapters: (1) Sign and
Signs, (2) The Reduction of Indication, (3) Meaning as Soliloquy, (4) Meaning and LC Class 72-80565
Representation, (5) Signs and the Blink of an Eye, (6) The Voice that Keeps Silence,
(7) The Supplement of Origin.

1. Sign and Signs


Derrida identifies his theme in the first chapter as the twofold sense of the word sign for Husserl. Derrida notes that Husserl makes a
conceptual distinction in the use of the word sign between expression and indication.[4] For Husserl, Derrida argues, the expression
[5] Expression intends towards an ideal meaning and
and the indication are both signs but the latter is a sign without meaning or sense.
is "tied to the possibility of spoken language."[6]

Translations
Originally translated into English by David B. Allison and published as Speech and Phenomena: And Other Essays on Husserl's
Theory of Signs in 1973, a new translation by Leonard Lawlor under the title Voice and Phenomenon: Introduction to the Problem of
the Sign in Husserl's Phenomenologywas published in 2010.[1]

Commentary
For commentary on Speech and Phenomena see Leonard Lawlor's book Derrida and Husserl (2002) and Joshua Kates's book
Essential History (2005).

See also
Positions

Notes and references


1. http://www.nupress.northwestern.edu/content/voice-and-phenomenon
2. Derrida, J., 1981. Positions. Trans. A. Bass. Chicago: Chicago UP
, p. 13.
3. Joshua Kates states that the 1959 paper "turns out largely to be a précis of this earlier work."Essential
( History, 84)
4. "Husserl Begins by pointing out a confusion: The word 'sign'Zeichen)
( covers, always in ordinary language and
occasionally in philosophical language, two heterogeneous concepts: that of expression (Ausdruck), which is often
wrongly taken as a synonym for sign in general, and that ofindication (Anzeichen)." (Derrida, Speech and
Phenomena 17)
5. "But, according to Husserl, there are signs that express nothing because they convey nothing one could call (we still
have to put it in German)Bedeutung of Sinn. Such is the indicative sign [indice]. Certainly an indicative sign is a
sign, as is an expression. But, unlike an expression, an indicative sign is deprived of Bedeutung or Sinn; it is
bedeutunglos, sinnlos. But, nonetheless, it is not without signification. By definition there can be no sign without
signification, no signifying without the signified." (Derrida,Speech and Phenomena17)
6. (Derrida, Speech and Phenomena18) also, "One would thus be assured that the meaningBeudeutung)
( is always
what a discourse or somebodywants to say ': what is conveyed, then, is always a linguistic sense, a discursive
content" (Derrida, Speech and Phenomena18)

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