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PRMO 2018 PAPER
Maximum Marks : 102 Date : 19-08-2018 Time : 3 Hours

1. A book is published in three volumes, the pages being numbered from 1 onwards. The page numbers
are continued from the first volume to the second volume to the third. The number of pages in the
second volume is 50 more than that in the first volume and the number pages in the third volume is one
and a half times that in the second. The sum of the page numbers on the first pages of the three
volumes is 1709. If n is the last page number. What is the largest prime factor of n?

2. In a quadrilateral ABCD. It is given that AB = AD = 13, BC = CD = 20, BD = 24. If r is the radius of the
circle inscribable in the quadrilateral, then what is the integer closest to r?

3. Consider all 6-digit numbers of the form abccba where b is odd. Determine the number of all such 6-digit
numbers that are divisible by 7.

4. The equation 166 × 56 = 8590 is valid in some base b  10 (that is. 1, 6, 5, 8, 9, 0 are digits in base b in
the above equation). Find the sum of all possible values of b  10 satisfying the equation.

5. Let ABCD be a trapezium in which AB || CD and AD  AB. Suppose ABCD has an incircle which
touches AB at Q and CD at P. Given that PC = 36 and QB = 49. Find PQ.

2 2 2 2
6. Integers a, b, c satisfy a + b – c = 1 and a + b – c = –1. What is the sum of all possible values of a +
b2 + c 2?

7. A point P in the interior of a regular hexagon is at distances 8, 8, 16 units from three consecutive
vertices of the hexagon, respectively. If r is radius of the circumscribed circle of the hexagon. What is
the integer closest to r?

8. Le AB be a chord of a circle with centre O. Let C be a point on the circle such that ABC = 30º and O
lies inside the triangle ABC. Let D be a point on AB such that DCO = OCB = 20º. Find the measure
of CDO in degrees.

2
9. Suppose a, b are integers and a + b is a root x + ax + b = 0. What is the maximum possible value of
b2?

10. In a triangle ABC, the median from B to CA is perpendicular to the median from C to AB. If the median
BC2 CA 2 AB2
from A to BC is 30, determine .
100

11. There are several tea cups in the kitchen. Some with handles and the others without handles. The
number of ways of selecting two cups without a handle and three with a handle is exactly 1200. What is
the maximum possible number of cups in the kitchen?
12. Determine the number of 8-tuples (1, 2, ....3) such that 1, 2, .... 3  {1, – 1} and
1 + 22 + 33 + ... + 88
is a multiple of 3.

13. In a triangle ABC, right-angled at A, the altitude through A and the internal bisector of A have lengths 3
and 4, Respectively. Find the length of the median through A.

14. If x = cos 1º cos 2º cos 3º ... cos 89º and y = cos 2º cos 6º cos 10º ... cos 86º. The what is the integer
2 y
nearest to log2( )?
7 x

15. Let a and b be natural numbers such that 2a – b, a – 2b and a + b are all distinct squares. What is the
smallest possible value of b?

16. What is the value of (i j) (i j)?
1 i j 10 1 i j 10
i j odd i j even

17. Triangles ABC and DEF are such that A = D, AB = DE = 17, BC = EF = 10 and AC – DF = 12. What
is AC + DF?

18. If a, b, c  4 are integers, not all equal and 4abc = (a + 3) (b + 3) (c + 3), then what is the value of a + b + c?

19. Let N = 6 + 66 + 666 + ..... + 666 .... 66, where there are hundred 6's in the last term in the sum. How
many times does the digit 7 occur in the number N?

20. Determine the sum of all possible positive integers n, the product of whose digits equals n2 – 15n – 27.

21. Let ABC be an acute-angled triangles and let H be its orthocentre. Let G1, G2 and G3 be the centroids of
the triangles HBC, HCA and HAB, respectively. If the area of triangle G1G2G3 is 7 units, what is the area
of triangle ABC?

22. A positive integer k is said to be good if there exists a partition of {1, 2, 3, ...... 20} in to disjoint proper
subsets such that the sum of the numbers in each subset of the partition is k. How many good numbers
are there?

23. What is the largest positive integer n such that
a2 b2 c2
   n(a  b  c)
b c c a a b
  
29 31 29 31 29 31
holds for all positive real numbers a, b, c.

24. If N is the number of triangles of different shapes {i.e., not similar} whose angels are all integers (in
degrees), what is N/100?

25. Let T be the smallest positive integer which, when divided by 11, 13, 15 leaves remainders in the sets
{7, 8, 9}, {1, 2, 3}, {4, 5, 6} respectively. What is the sum of the squares of the digits of T?

26. What is the number of ways in which one can choose 60 unit squares from a 11 × 11 chessboard such
that no two chosen squares have a side in common?

27. What is the number of ways in which one can colour the squares of a 4 × 4 chessboard with colours red
and blue such that each row as well as each column has exactly two red squares and two blue
squares?

28. Let N be the number of ways of distributing 8 chocolates of different brands among 3 children such that
each child gets at least one chocolate, and no two children get the same number of chocolates. Find the
sum of the digits of N.

29. Let D be an interior point of the side BC of a triangle ABC. Let I1 and I2 be the incentres of triangles ABD
and ACD respectively. Let AI1 and AI2 meet BC in E and F respectively. It BI1E = 60°, what is the
measure of CI2F in degrees?

30. Let P(x) = a 0 + a1 x + a2 x2 + ..... + a nxn be a polynomial in which a i is non-negative integer for each i 
{0, 1, 2, 3, ......, n}. If P(1) = 4 and P(5) = 136, what is the value of P(3)?

17 29 63

08 88 06
70 24 14

12 19 27
84 21 81

18 55 62
14 30 90

80 16 24
81 33 30
24 17 34
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PRMO 2018 SOLUTIONS
3
1. Let the number of pages in first volume be x, second volume be x + 50 and third volume be (x 50)
2
According to question, the sum of page numbers on the first pages of the three volumes is
1709
1 + (x + 1) + (x + x + 50 + 1) = 1709
3x + 53 = 1709
3x = 1709 – 53 = 1656
x = 552
3
last page = x + x + 50 + (x + 50)
2
552 + 602 + 903 = n
 2057
Hence the largest prime factor of 2057 is 17

2.
A
13 13
B D
12 O 12
20 20

C
ABCD is kite
OB = OD & AOB = 90°
OA = 132 122 = 5
OC = 202 122 = 16
1
ar(ABD) = × 24 × 5 = 60
2
1
ar(BCD) = × 24 × 16 = 192
2
a b c d 13 13 20 20
S= = = 33
2 2
60 192 252
r= = = 7.636  8
S 33 33

3. abccba = a × 105 + b × 104 + c × 103 + c × 102 + b10 + a
(mode 7)  5a + 4b + 6c + 2c + 3b + a
= 6a + 7b + 8c
 6a + c
 the number of all such 6-digit numbers that are divisible by 7 are,

a = 1, c = 1, 8
a = 2 c = 2, 9
a=3 c=3
a=4 c=4
a=5 c=5
a=6 c=6
a = 7 c = 7, 0
a = 8 c = 8, 1
a = 9 c = 9, 2
there fore total 14 ordered pair of (a, c) we get and b can be equals to 1, 3, 5, 7, 9
total possible numbers are 14 × 5 = 70

4. 166 × 56 = 8590
2 3 2
(x + 6x + 6) (5x + 6) = (8x + 5x + 9x)
3 2 3 2
5x + 36x + 66x + 36 = 8x + 5x + 9x
3x3 – 31x2 – 57x – 36 = 0
x|36  x = 18, 36, 12
x = 12  (144 + 72 + 6) (66) = (8.12 3 + 5.122 + 9.12)
14652 = 13824 + 720 + 108
= 14652
3x2 + 5x + 3
x – 12 3x3 – 31x2 – 57x – 36
3x3 – 36x2
– +
5x2 – 57x – 36
5x2 – 57x – 36
– +
3x – 36
3x – 36
– +
0 0
2
3x + 5x + 3 = 0 will not give real x
there fore 12 is the answer

5.
r P 36 C
P 36 D
D C 36

E 2r
49
r
A B
F
r Q 49
B 36
A Q 49 13
In CFB,
2 2 2
(2r) + 13 = 85
2 2 2
4r = 85 – 13
4r2 = 98 × 72
2
r = 2 × 49 × 2 × 9
r = 2 × 7 × 3 = 42
PQ = 84

6. a+b–c=1
2 2 2
a + b – c = –1
a + b = c2 – 1
2 2

a2 + b 2 = (a + b) (a + b – 2) { c = a + b–1}
2 2 2
a + b = (a + b) – 2(a + b)
0 = 2ab – 2(a + b)
a + b = ab
a + b – ab = 0
a + b(1 – a) = 0
–1(1 – a) + b(1 – a) = –1
(b – 1) (a – 1) = 1
so a – 1 = 1, –1
b – 1 = 1, –1
 a = 2, 0
b = 2, 0
when a = b = 2, c = 3
when a = b = 0, c = –1
 a2 + b 2 + c2 = 17, 1
2 2 2
The sum of all possible values of a + b + c = 18
7.

O
O P
8 P
A 8 16 r
16 r
A 8 O
r/2 120° 60°
r/2 120° R
Q r
Q r R
According to question
PA + OP = OA
r2 3
64   256  r 2  r
4 2
3 3
256  r 2  r
2 2
3(256 – r2) = r2
3 × 256 = 4r2
r = 8 3 = 13.856
the integer closest to r = 14
8.
C

20
40 20

60 140

O

60 20
10 70 10
A D B

In OCB, OC = OB, OCB = OBC (radius)
CBA = 30º
COA = 60º
[ Angle at centre is double]
So that OCA = OAC = 60º
 OC = OA = CA
OCD = 20, DCA = 40º
OA = OB (In OAB)
OAB = OBA = 10º
CDA + CAD + ACD = 180º (In ACD)
OC = OD
CDO = COD = (say)
In COD 
20 +  +  = 180
 = 80
CDO =  = 80º

9. (a + b)2 + a(a + b) + b = 0
2 2 2
a + b + 2ab + a + ab + b = 0
2 2
2a + b + 3ab + b = 0
2a2 + 3ab + b2 + b = 0
 a  Integer
D = k2
2 2 2
9b – 4 × 2(b + b) = k
2 2
b – 8b = k
2 2
(b – 4) – 16 = k
(b – 4)2 – k2 = 16
(b – 4 + k) (b – 4 – k) = 16
so b–4–k= ±1 ± 2 ± 4
b – 4 + k = ± 16 ± 8 ± 4
2(b – 4) = ± 17 ± 10 ± 8 (by adding)
when 2(b – 4) = ±10  b – 4 = ±5 [±17 not gives integer value of b]
when 2(b – 4) = ±8  b – 4 = ±4
 b = 9, –1, 8, 0
2
 maximum b = 81
10.
A

20
G F
x
y O

2x
10 2y

B E C
10 10
in OBC (Right angled)
OE = BE = EC = 10 [ BE = EC]

AC2
In OFC  4y2 + x2 = ...(1)
4
2 2 AB2
In OGB  4x + y = ...(2)
4
in OBC
(2x) 2 + (2y)2 = BC2
2 2
4x + 4y = 400
2 2
x + y = 100 ...(3)
Now (1) + (2)
2 2 AC2 AB 2
5x + 5y =
4
2 2 2 2
20(x + y ) = AC + AB
using equation (3)
20 × 100 + 400 = AC2 + AB2 + BC2
100(24) AC2 AB2 BC2
100 100
AC2 AB2 BC2
24
100

11. Let 'x' be the cups with handles and 'y' be the cups without handles
y
C2  xC3  1200
y(y  1) x(x  1)(x  2)
= 1200
2 6
y(y – 1)(x)(x – 1)(x – 2) = 2 × 6 × 12 × 100
= 2 × 2 × 3 × 2 × 2 × 3 × (22 × 52)
for maximum x + y
 y = 25
x=4
maximum possible number of cups = x + y = 29

12. a1 + 2a2 + 3a3 + ...............................................+ 8a 8
all possibilities ±1 ±2 ±3 ±4 ±5 ±6 ±7 ±8
(mod 3)  ±1 ±2 0 ±1 ±2 0 ±1 ±2
 sum of all can be  9, 3, –9, –3 (6, 0, –6, –0 can not be possible)
when sum = 9 only one possibility all a 1, a2 ............ a 8 = 1
3
sum = 3 C1 3 C1 + 1 = 10
  total 10 + 1 = 11 cases possible
Same for negative integers
 11 × 2 = 22
because a3, a6, can be ±1 so total four cases
 22 × 4 = 88 (Number of solutions are possible)

13.
B

M a

c O
3
N
4

A C
b
According to the questions ABC is right angle at a
AM altitude, AN median and AO is angle bisector
AM = 3, AO = 4, AN = ?
1 1
bc = × 3a ( area of triangle)
2 2
bc = 3a
2bc A
cos =4 ( length of the angle bisector)
b c 2
2 3a
cos 45° = 4
b c
3a 1
× =2
b c 2
9a 2 1
2 2
=4
(b c 2bc) 2
2
9a 1
=4
(a2 6a) 2
9a2 = 8(a2 + 6a)
a2 – 48a = 0
a(a – 48) = 0
a = 48
a
= 24
2
1
In right angle triangle median = of the hypotenuse
2
length of the median through A = 24

14. x = cos1° cos2° ......... cos89°
y = cos2° cos6° ......... cos86°
y = (sin4° sin8° ......... sin88°)
y = (2sin2°cos2°) (2sin2°cos2°) ........ (2sin44°cos44°)
22
y = 2 (sin2°sin4°..... sin44°) (cos2°cos4°..... cos44°)
y = 222((2sin1°cos1°)(2sin2°cos2°)......(2sin22°cos22°)) ......... (cos2°cos4°.......cos44°)
44
y = 2 (cos1°cos2° ....... cos22°) (cos89°cos88°......cos68°) (sin46°sin48°.......sin88°)
y = 244(cos1°cos2° ....... cos22°) (cos68°cos69°......cos89°)
((2sin23°cos23°)(2sin24°cos24°).... (2sin44°cos44°))
66
y = 2 (cos1°cos2° ....... cos22°)(cos23°......cos44°)(cos46°cos47°..... cos67°)(cos68°.....cos89°)
x
y = 266
cos 45
133
y
22
x
133
2 y 2
 log2  log2 2 2  19
7 x 7

15. 2a – b = p 2
2
a – 2b = q
2
a+b=r
2 2
r – q = 3b

2 2 2
p =q +r
for least 'b' we can see that difference between r2 and q2 is multiple of 3
and p 2, q2 r2, are Pythagoras triplet
 r = 12, q = 9
 least b = 21

16. (i + j) – (i + j) 1  i < j  10
i + j = odd i + j = even
 [(1 + 2) + (1 + 4) + (1 + 6) + (1 + 8) + (1 + 10) [(2 + 4) + (2 + 6) + (2 + 8) + (2 + 10)
+ (3 + 4) + (3 + 6) + (3 + 8) + (3 + 10) + (4 + 6) + (4 + 8) + (4 + 10)
+ (5 + 6) + (5 + 8) + (5 + 10) + (6 + 8) + (6 + 10)
+ (7 + 8) + (7 + 10) – + (8 + 10) +
+ (9 + 10) (1 + 3) + (1 + 5) + (1 + 7) + (1 + 9)
(2 + 3) + (2 + 5) + (2 + 7) + (2 + 9) + (3 + 5) + (3 + 7) + (3 + 9)
+ (4 + 5) + (4 + 7) + (4 + 9) + (5 + 7) + (5 + 9)
+ (6 + 7) + (6 + 9) + (7 + 9)]
+ (8 + 10)]
= 275 – 220
= 55

17.
A D
 
17 12 + x 17 x

B C E F
10 10
2 2 2 2 2
17 12 x – 10 17 x 2 – 10
cos  = cos  =
2 17 (12 x) 2 17 x
2 2 2 2 2 2
17 (12+x) – 10 (17) x (10)
2 17 (12 x) 2 17 x
289x + (144 + x2 + 24x)x – 100x = (12 + x) (289 + x2 – 100)
289x + 144x + x3 + 24x2 – 100x
 3468 + 12x2 – 1200 + 289x + x3 – 100x
24x2 + 144x – 12x2 + 2268 = 0
12x2 + 144x + 2268 = 0
x2 + 12x – 189 = 0
x2 + 21x – 9x – 189 = 0
x(x + 21) –9 (x + 21) = 0
x = –21, x = 9
AC + DF = 21 + 9 = 30
OR
A(D)

x

17
10 12

B(E) 10 C

by Stewarts theorem :
102 x 17 2 12 (12 x)(10 2 12x)
2
100x 3468 (12 x) (10 + 12x)
100x + 3468 = 1200 + 144x + 100x + 12x2
12x2 + 144x – 2268 = 0
x2 + 12x – 189 = 0
x2 + 21x – 9x – 189
x(x + 21) – 9(x + 21)
x = –21, 9
AC + DF = 9 + 21 = 30
18. L.H.S is a multiple of 4 So R.H.S should also multiple of 4
 b=5 {you can also take c = 5}
 4a • 5 • c = (a + 3) 8 (c + 3)
5 ac = 2 (a + 3) (c + 3)
L.H.S is multiple of 5, So R.H.S should also multiple of 5
 c=7
 5 • a • 7 = 2(a + 3) 10
7a = 4a + 12
a=4
 a + b + c = 4 +5 +7 = 16

19. N = 6 + 66 + 666 + ..... + 666 ... 66 (100 times)
6
= (9 + 99 + 999 + ..... + 99 .... 99)
9
6 2 3 100
= [(10 – 1) + (10 – 1) + (10 – 1) + ..... + (10 – 1)]
9
6 2 3 100
= [(10 + 10 + 10 + ..... + 10 ) – 100]
9
6  10  (10100  1) 
=   100 
9 9 
2  10  (10100  1)  900 
=  
3 9 
2  999.....90  900 
=
3  9 

2 999.....9(98 time)090
=
3 9
2
= [111.....1(98 time)010]
3
= 2[370370370......(32 times) 3670]
= [740.....7407340]
there fore 7 will be 33 times
20. n2 – 15n – 27 > 0
(n – 16) (n + 1) – 11 > 0
 n > 16
2
If n = 17 n – 15n – 27 = 7 , 1×7=7
n = 18 n2 – 15n – 27 = 27
n = 19, n2 – 15n – 27 = 49
n = 20, n2 – 15n – 27 = 73
2
n = 21, n – 15n – 27 = 99

there for n more than 21 will provide a three digit number so more values are not possible
If n more than two digits number than it is not satisfying
so only one case possible n = 17

21.
A

R G3
Q
H G2

G1

B P C
 Centroid divide the median in the ratio 2 : 1
HG1 HG2 2

G1P G2 Q 1
HG1G2 ~ HPQ
4
 ar (HG1G2) = ar(HPQ) ...(1)
9
similarly :
4
ar(HG2G3) = ar(HQR) ...(2)
9
4
ar(HG3G1) = ar(HRP) ...(3)
9
(1) + (2) + (3)
9
ar(PQR) = ar(G1G2G3)
4
9 63
= ×7=
4 4
ar(ABC) = 4 × ar(PQR) = 63

20 21
22. Sum of number equal to = 210 & 210 = 2 × 3 × 5 × 7
2

Number of partition Sum
2 105
3 70
5 42
7 30
6 35
10 21
So K can be 21, 30, 35, 47, 70, 105
Good numbers equal to 6
Case-I A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20}, B = {6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15}
Case-II A = {20, 19, 18, 13}, B = {17, 16, 15, 12, 10}, C = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 14}
Case-IIIA = {20, 10, 12}, B = {18, 11, 13}, C = {16, 15, 9, 2}, D = {19, 8, 7, 5, 3}, E = {1, 4, 6, 14, 17}
Case-IV A = {20, 10}, B = {19, 11}, C = {18, 12}, D = {17, 13}, E = {16, 14}, F = {1, 15, 5}, G = {2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8}
Case-V A = {20, 15}, B = {19, 16}, C = {18, 17}, D = {14, 13, 8}, E = {12, 11, 10, 2},
F = {1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9}
Case-VI A = {1, 20}, B = {2, 19}, C = {3, 18}................................. J = {10, 11}

23. by titu lemma
a2 b2 c2 (a b c)2
b c c a a b 1 1 1 1 1 1
a b c
29 31 29 31 29 31 29 31 29 31 29 31
(a b c)
1 1
29 31
a b c
60
29 31
29 31
(a b c)
60
14.98(a b c)
So largest n = 14

24. a + b + c = 180º
when, a = 1
b + c = 175
1 178
2 177
 
89 90
89 pairs
when, a = 2
b + c = 178
2 176
3 175
 
89 89
88 pairs
when, a = 3
b + c = 177
3 174
4 173
 
88 89
86 pairs

when, a = 4
b + c = 176
4 172
5 171
 
80 96
85 91
86 90
87 89
88 88
85 pairs
when, a = 5
b + c = 175
5 170

87 88
83 pairs
 total possible triangles =
89 90
– (87 + 84 + 81 + ..... 3)
2
89 × 45 – 3(1 + 2 + 3 + ....... + 29)
29 30
N = 89 × 45 – 3 ×
2
N 45(60)
27
100 100

25. n = 11a + {7, 8, 9}
= 13b + {1, 2, 3}
= 15c + {4, 5, 6}
by substitute values for a, b, c and by observation taking remainder from the sets n = 184
 sum of the square of the digits is 81

26. Case-I
We can see that in the first rows 6 square & second row 5 square we can select such that no two
squares have one side common, so by continuing this total 61 square we can select but we need only
60 so total difference selections are = 61C1 = 61

6

5

6

5

6

5 sum = 61

6

5

6

5

6

Case-II
If we take only 5 squares in the first row instead of 6 so we can take total 60 squares. So only one possibility.
5

6

5

6

5

6 sum = 60

5

6

5

6

5

Hence total 61 + 1 = 62 ways are possible
27. × – Red
O – Red
4 2 2 2
Case-I C2 C1 C1 C1 = 48
4 2
Case-II C2 C2 =6
4 2 4
Case-III C2 C2 C2 = 36
Sum = 90
Case-I Case-II Case-III

4 4 4
4
C2 2
C1 2
C1
2
C1 C2 2
C2 C 2 2 C2 C2

28. 1+1+6 
1+2+5 
2+2+4 
1+3+4 
Chocolate distribution is possible in only two ways – (1, 2, 5) & (1, 3, 4)
8! 8! 6 7 8 8 7 6 5
 3! 3! 6 6
2!5! 3!4! 2 3 2
6 7(24 40) 64 42 2688
There fore some of the digits = 24

29.
A

a a bb

I1 I2
60º

B E D F C
B
a 60º
2
C
b k
2
B C
a b 60 k
2 2
A B C
60 k
2
90 – 60 = k
k = 30º
2 n
30. P(x) = a 0 + a1 x + a 2x + ..... + anx
P(1) = 4 = a 0 + a1 + a2 + .... + an
P(5) = 136 = a 0 + 5a 1 + 25a2 + 125a3 + ....
if a 3 = 0
x=2
P(x) = a 0 + a1 x + a 2x2
4 = a0 +a1 + a2
136 = a0 + 5a1 + 25a2
Not possible
n = 3
if a 3 = 1
11 = a0 + 5a 1 + 25a2
a2 = 0
a1 = 2, a0 = 1
P(x) = 1 + 2x + x3
P(3) = 1 + 6 + 27 = 34

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PRMO 2018 ANALYSIS
Maximum Marks : 102 Date : 19-08-2018 Time : 3 Hours

OVERALL DIFFICULTY LEVEL ANALYSIS
In this analysis we have rated every question on a scale of 1 to 4. The ratings are done by expert faculty
of Vibrant Academy. The individual ratings are then averaged to calculate overall difficulty level.
1: EASY 2: MODERATE 3: DIFFICULT 4: VERY D IFFICULT
The difficulty level of the paper comes out to be 2.96 out of 4 as per Vibrant Academy experts. Out of the
total 30 question, 5 questions were easy, 13 were moderate, 9 questions were difficult, 3 while questions
were very difficult.

TOPIC WISE ANALYSIS
UNIT & TOPIC NO. OF QUESTIONS TOTAL MARKS (%) WEIGHTAGE
NUMBER THEORY 6 20 19.61
GEOMETRY 9 27 26.47
COMBINATORICS 5 23 22.55
DIOPHANTINE EQUATION 4 11 10.78
SEQUENCE & SERIES 2 6 5.88
TRIGONOMETRY 1 3 2.95
POLYNOMIAL, EQUATION & INEQUATIONS 3 12 11.76
Grand Total 30 102 100

Percentage Chart

19.61

10.78
26.47
22.55

EXPERTS OPINION
The Paper contains 5 easy questions, 13 moderate questions, 9 difficult and 3 very difficult questions.
As compared to previous year paper the weightage of number theory and combinatorics was more and
sequence and series was less. Some of the number theory questions also contains logics of counting.
Some questions are very easy and formula base and some were very difficult. Over all the paper was
very interesting and conceptual. The difficulty level of this year paper was quite tough as compared to
previous year paper.

EXPECTED CUTOFF
By the deep analysis of faculties of vibrant academy the exerted cut of should be 22-26.