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Europäisches Patentamt
(19) European Patent Office

Office européen des brevets (11) EP 0 985 128 B1


(12) EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45) Date of publication and mention (51) Int Cl.:


of the grant of the patent: F42B 5/03 (2006.01)
08.11.2006 Bulletin 2006/45
(86) International application number:
(21) Application number: 98922532.1 PCT/AU1998/000415

(22) Date of filing: 02.06.1998 (87) International publication number:


WO 1998/055819 (10.12.1998 Gazette 1998/49)

(54) FIREARMS
FEUERWAFFEN
ARMES A FEU

(84) Designated Contracting States: (72) Inventor: O’Dwyer, James Michael


AT BE DE FR GB IT SE Sinnamon Park Old 4073 (AU)

(30) Priority: 03.06.1997 AU PO715897 (74) Representative: Kemp, Paul Geoffrey


Brookes Batchellor
(43) Date of publication of application: 102-108 Clerkenwell Road
15.03.2000 Bulletin 2000/11 London EC1M 5SA (GB)

(73) Proprietor: Metal Storm Limited (56) References cited:


Brisbane, QLD 4000 (AU) WO-A-94/20809 WO-A-97/04281
US-A- 3 854 231
EP 0 985 128 B1

Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give
notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in
a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art.
99(1) European Patent Convention).

Printed by Jouve, 75001 PARIS (FR)


1 EP 0 985 128 B1 2

Description about one or more ignition passages extending substan-


tially parallel to the barrels and communicating therewith
TECHNICAL FIELD through longitudinally spaced arrays of transverse bleed
passages whereby selectively initiate ignition of primers
[0001] The invention relates to firearms. 5 in the or each ignition passage spreads through the re-
[0002] This invention has particular, but not exclusive, spective aligned one of the longitudinal array of trans-
application to a handguns including shotgun type fire- verse bleed passages and causes ignition of the respec-
arms which utilise barrels such as the barrels described tive propellant charges communicating therewith.
in my earlier International Patent Applications Nos. [0012] The barrels may also be clustered about one or
PCT/AU94/00124 (WO9420809) and PCT/AU96/00459 10 more bypass passages extending substantially parallel
(WO9704281, basis for claims 1 and 14 of the applica- to the barrels and communicating therewith through a
tion). valved port communicating with longitudinally spaced ar-
[0003] Such barrels each have a plurality of projectiles rays of transverse bleed passages whereby in the event
stacked axially within the barrel together with discrete of an accidental ignition of a primer in a trailing round,
selectively ignitable propellant charges for propelling the 15 the valved port will open to enable the ignited propellant
projectiles sequentially through the muzzle of the barrel charges to bleed to atmosphere through the bypass pas-
and the sealing engagement between projectiles and sage.
barrel being such as to prevent rearward travel of the [0013] Alternatively, individual barrels may be provid-
ignited propellant charge to trailing propellant charges. ed with valved ports enabling each to discharge to a by-
These barrels will be referred to hereinafter as of the type 20 pass passage in the event of a hang fire or the like acci-
described. dental ignition of a trailing propellant charge. Suitably the
valved port is in the form of a plugged port in which the
BACKGROUND ART plug will be dislodged at a preselected pressure above
the normal operating pressures within the barrels.
[0004] This invention aims to alleviate perceived short- 25 [0014] The handgun may be in the form of a shotgun
comings in conventional weapons such as shotguns and have a large number of small bore primer free barrels
which fire a collection of round pellet like shot randomly clustered about the or each ignition passage, but prefer-
oriented in the cartridge, which when fired exit from a ably a central ignition passage. The ignition passage may
relatively large bore barrel in a random orientation and constitute a main barrel provided with primer initiation
at a relatively slow muzzle velocity. 30 means for selective initiation of the propellant charges
[0005] The shot immediately disperses to cover a rel- therein. The main barrel is suitably the centre barrel and
atively large target zone. This effect is useful but the ef- may have a larger bore than the others if desired.
fective range of the shot is very short. Shotguns also [0015] For example, a cluster of approximately sixty-
require reloading between shots and this reduces their four 2mm barrels could be provided. This provides a shot-
effectiveness. 35 gun in which all the simultaneously fired projectiles are
[0006] Handguns such as pistols also have significant individually barrelled. The projectiles would be in the or-
limitations for many reasons including the limited number der of 2mm diameter and 5mm in length. If the leading
of shots which may be contained in the weapon and the primer in the main barrel is ignited, then all sixty-four pro-
relatively slow rate of fire available. However they are jectiles in the leading layer will be fired.
very portable and concealable and this makes them very 40 [0016] The barrels may be rifled and the projectiles
useful. may be loaded therein in cartridges. Alternatively the bar-
[0007] US3854231 discloses a barrel assembly which rel may be provided as a disposable barrel containing
is a prior art for this application. the projectiles and propellant charges stacked therein.
[0017] The cartridges could align with a single large
DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION 45 open barrel of the shotgun but preferably the barrels of
the cartridge align with correspondingly arranged small
[0008] Accordingly the present invention provides a bore barrels in the shotgun. For this purpose the cartridge
barrel assembly according to claim 1 and a method of is provided with locating means for locating it in operative
igniting the propellant charges in such a barrel assembly alignment with the shotgun barrels and most preferably
according to claim 14. 50 the cartridge has a square section housing for operative
[0009] The barrel assembly may be in the form a re- location with any of its rectangular side faces entered
placeable cartridge to be loaded into a firearm. The barrel through the loading\ejection port. This port could be a
assembly may provide only a part of each of the barrels side, top or underside port.
of the firearm. [0018] Any number of groups of sixty-four pellets/pro-
[0010] The barrels may be parallel or may splay slightly 55 jectiles may be fired at any electronically available rate.
to achieve a desired firing pattern. This provides on the one hand, a low degree of lethality
[0011] Each barrel could have its own electronic igni- in the case where say a single group of pellets is fired,
tion means. Preferably however the barrels are clustered or an exceedingly high degree of lethality if a number of

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3 EP 0 985 128 B1 4

groups are fired in rapid succession. The weapon may cate the cartridge in the shotgun body 23 in alignment
be operated as a shotgun machine-gun. with the correspondingly clustered barrel assembly 24
[0019] The primer initiation is suitably electronically extending from the body 23.
controlled and may be electrical, chemical, laser, me- [0026] In operation of the shotgun illustrated in Fig. 9,
chanical or any other available means as is appropriate. 5 when its controls are set to fire single arrays of projectiles
15 at a time, the bolt may be locked for manual cocking,
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS in which case the recoil is negated. However if three or
more layers of projectiles 15 are to be fired substantially
[0020] In order that this invention may be more readily simultaneously, such as to empty the Operative car-
understood and put into practical effect, reference will 10 tridge, the bolt may be unlocked to enable the recoil ac-
now be made to the accompanying drawings which illus- tion to automatically cock the weapon for its next firing,
trate typical embodiments of the invention, wherein:- including ejection of the fired cartridge.
[0027] The shotgun illustrated in Fig. 2 utilises a pump
FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate typical shotguns; action for reloading cartridges in conventional manner.
FIG. 3 is a diagrammatic sectional view of a shotgun 15 The projectiles 15 are suitably formed with a reverse
cartridge for the shotguns illustrated in Figs. 1 and wedging sealing arrangement as described in my co-
2; FIG. 4 is an end view of the cartridge illustrated in pending International application WO98/55824 filed 1
Fig. 2; June, 1998 or they may utilise a forward wedging ar-
FIGS. 5A to 5D illustrate loading of a pistol; rangement as described in my earlier filed International
FIGS. 6A and 6B illustrate loading of a second type 20 patent applications set out above.
of pistol ; [0028] Figs. 5, 6 and 7 herewith illustrate two pistols
FIG. 7 illustrate the removal of electronic control which do not form part of the present invention. The il-
means for disarming the pistols; lustrated pistols include a four barrel pistol 40 in which
FIG. 8 illustrates one form of cartridge which may be the barrel assembly 41 is removable from the hand grip
used with the handgun of Fig 6, and 25 assembly 42 and a two barrel pistol 50 in which the barrel
FIG. 9 illustrates a further form of clustered barrel assembly 51 breaks from the hand grip assembly 52 for
assembly. reloading.
[0029] Referring firstly to the four barrel pistol 40, it will
[0021] The shotguns 9 and 10 illustrated in Figs. 1 and be seen that the barrel assembly 41 which comprises
2 are similar to the Smith & Wesson AS and the Rem- 30 four integrated barrels clustered together and provided
ington 870 twelve gauge shotguns respectively and have with an integral mounting 43 which enables the barrels
similar loading and unloading features. to be clipped into a cradle assembly 44 which extends
[0022] However in each case, the feed/ejection port above and forwardly of the hand grip 42.
11 has been lengthened to accept a barrel cluster forming [0030] Suitable latching means 45 are provided for
a multi-barrel cartridge 12 as illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4 35 maintaining the barrel assembly in its operative position
which contains sixty (60) primer free 2mm, bore barrels in the cradle assembly 44. The process of removal of the
13 arranged symmetrically about a central main barrel barrel assembly 41 is illustrated sequentially in the draw-
14 forming an ignition passage, with nine longitudinally ings. In the first step illustrated in Fig. 5B, the barrel as-
spaced layers of streamlined directional projectiles 15 sembly 51 is withdrawn longitudinally from the end cap
and associated propellant charges 16 therein. 40 47 which contains concentrically arranged electrical con-
[0023] The main barrel 14 is provided with electrical tacts 48 which mate with corresponding contacts in the
connections controlled from electronic control means lo- end of the barrel assembly 41 to provide electrical ignition
cated in the butt of the shotgun and activated by the trig- control of the propellant charges therein.
ger 18 in conventional manner. The electrical connec- [0031] Because the barrel assembly 41 can be readily
tions are controlled for selective ignition of the primers 45 detached and attached to the cradle assembly 44, this
19 in the respective propellant charges 16 and an array pistol assembly 40 offers the advantage that a user may
of bleed ports 20 is provided to place the corresponding carry alternate style barrel assemblies for firing different
propellant charges 16 in the barrels 13 in communication types of projectiles or for rapid reloading should one bar-
with the respective propellant charges in main barrel 14. rel assembly be emptied or required to be changed in use.
[0024] Upon ignition of the leading propellant charge 50 [0032] All barrels need not contain the same projec-
16 in the main barrel 14, the explosion front will spread tiles. One or more could for example contain a shotgun
through the bleed ports 20 and ignite all the propellant barrel as described above if desired while the others may
charges in the corresponding layer. contain banks of single projectiles with the same or dif-
[0025] The barrels 13 are clustered in a circular con- ferent propellant charges. Selection switches would be
figuration about the main barrel 14 and are supported in 55 provided to enable a user to fire selected or all barrels.
a square sectioned housing 21 which may be introduced Alternatively they could be mounted about a main pas-
into the port 11 feed end 22 first in any desired rotational sage with bleed passages for simultaneous ignition of all
attitude. The square housing 21 is used to positively lo- rounds in each respective layer of projectiles.

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5 EP 0 985 128 B1 6

[0033] The barrel assemblies 41 can be of a disposa- pending International Patent Applications.
ble form or they may be adapted to receive reload car- [0040] Fig. 8 illustrates a collapsible stack 60 formed
tridges which are inserted into the rear of the respective of shock absorbing material 61 and disposed at the rear
barrels. Suitable release claws or the like are also sup- end of an electronically fired round 63. The stack 60 has
ported on the upstanding butt portion 46, which is integral 5 sections 62 which collapse progressively upon firing the
with the hand grip 42, catch the cartridges upon release projectiles in the round. In this manner, recoil damping
of the barrel to effect partial withdrawal of spent or par- can be built into a fixed barrel weapon which uses re-
tially spent cartridges and thus facilitate their removal for placeable cartridge assemblies. Furthermore, an opera-
replacement. tor may use rounds with or without the damping means.
[0034] If desired the barrel assembly 41 may be sup- 10 [0041] The barrel assembly 70 illustrated in Fig. 9 has
ported on a slide and associated with recoil or damping barrels 71 clustered about a central bypass passage 72
means to minimise the reaction upon firing. This recoil provided with at least one bleed port 73 associated with
would be particularly useful in an instance where a user the propellant charge 74 of each trailing projectile 75.
required to file a number of projectiles simultaneously or The ports 73 are provided with plugs as illustrated at 76,
in quick succession. That is operation of the pistol 40 in 15 which are discharged from the ports 73 when a prede-
normal manner would provide the normal controllable re- termined pressure is exceeded locally in the barrels 71
action. so as to bleed the excess pressure to atmosphere
[0035] However if the rapid fire facilities available to a through the bypass passage 72.
user of handguns are utilised, the reaction, without damp- [0042] If desired more than one port, as illustrated at
ing may render the handgun uncontrollable. Thus a recoil 20 77, may be utilised to provide a greater port bleed area
mechanism for handguns programmed with a rapid fire for extreme high pressures.
facility, such as is illustrated in Fig. 8, would be most [0043] It will of course be realised that the above has
desirable. been given only by way of illustrative example of the in-
[0036] The two barrel pistol 50 illustrated in Fig. 7 has vention and that all such modifications and variations
the barrel assembly 51 arranged for pivotal movement 25 thereto as would be apparent to persons skilled in the art
at the front end of the cradle 53 so that the barrel may are deemed to fall within the broad scope and ambit of
be broken for reloading with cartridges. The pistol 50 re- the invention as is defined in the appended claims.
ceives double tap cartridges 54 of the type described in
my International Patent Application No.
PCT/AU96/00459. This is particularly significant in rela- 30 Claims
tion to handguns in that the cartridges loaded into each
of the barrels may be of different configuration and be 1. A barrel assembly comprising:
operable so that an operator may selectively fire rounds
from either barrel such as rounds which have a low le- a barrel cluster, comprising a plurality of primer
thality or rounds which have a high lethality. 35 free barrels (13) each including a longitudinal
[0037] In both pistols 40 and 50 actuation is by means arrangement of aerodynamically shaped direc-
of a trigger which is in effect an electronic switch. This tional projectiles (15) and interposed propellant
switch could be sensitive to displacement and/or pres- charges (16) whereby the barrel cluster has lon-
sure to enable trained personnel to operate the weapon gitudinally spaced layers of the projectiles (15)
for selective firing of single or multiple rounds and of dif- 40 and interposed layers of propellant charges
ferent types. (16),
[0038] The pistol assembly 50 has a control insert 55 the primer free barrels (13) cluster around one
which fits into a complementary recess in the pistol grip ignition passage(14) extending substantially
52, or grip 42 of pistol 40, and which contains the elec- parallel to the primer free barrels (13) and com-
tronic firing controls, memory for storing recorded data 45 municating with each primer free barrel (13) and,
and other required electronics, including diagnostics. the ignition passage (14) including a plurality of
The plug-in insert 55 includes a multipin connector at its ignition means arranged longitudinally in said ig-
inner end which engages with a complementary connec- nition passage (14),
tor when the insert is pushed into the grip 52 to the fully each ignition means including a primer (19), and
home position. At the base of the insert 55, a further mul- 50 each primer (19) communicates one each with
tipin connector 57 is provided to enable the electronics one corresponding layer of propellant charges
therein to be accessed to enables programming of the whereby each ignition means is adapted by said
electronics and display of stored data for desired func- communication to ignite all the propellant charg-
tions and results on a screen. Concentrically arranged es (16) in a selected corresponding one of the
contacts 58 are provided for barrel control. 55 layers of said propellant charges (16).
[0039] The insert 55 enables a user to secure the pistol
against unauthorised use. If desired further security 2. A barrel assembly according to claim 1 forming a
measures may be taken as is describe in one of my co- replaceable cartridge (12) for loading into a firearm.

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7 EP 0 985 128 B1 8

3. A barrel assembly according to claim 2 which pro- the layers of propellant charges (16) is simulta-
vides only a part of each of the barrels of the firearm. neously ignited in order to effect the simultane-
ous selective discharge of a single layer of the
4. A barrel assembly as claimed in one of claims 1 to aerodynamically shaped directional projectiles
3 wherein said ignition passage (14) communicates 5 (15).
with each of the primer free barrels (13) in a respec-
tive barrel cluster through longitudinally spaced ar- 15. A method according to claim 14 wherein the ignition
rays of transverse bleed passages (20) . of the primer (19) is communicated to each of the
propellant charges in a respective layer through a
5. A barrel assembly as claimed in claim 4 wherein the 10 corresponding array of bleed passages.
ignition passage (14) contains means to selectively
and sequentially ignite the primers. 16. A method according to claim 15 comprising the step
of sequentially igniting several primers (19) spaced
6. A barrel assembly as claimed in claim 5, wherein the longitudinally in the ignition passage to sequentially
ignition passage comprises a main barrel (14) pro- 15 ignite several layers of propellant charges (16) and
vided with primer initiation means for selective initi- so to sequentially discharge several layers of the pro-
ation of the propellant charges (16) therein. jectiles (15) in rapid succession.

7. A barrel assembly as claimed in claim 6 wherein the 17. A method according to claim 16 wherein the over-
main barrel (14) comprises a central barrel which 20 pressure produced by ignition of a layer of the pro-
has a larger barrel bore than the other primer free pellant charges causes a valved port (73) to open
barrels (13). so that the overpressure is relieved through a bypass
passage which communicates with the valved port.
8. A barrel assembly as claimed in any one of claims
1 to 7, wherein the barrels (71) are clustered about 25
one or more bypass passages (72) extending sub- Patentansprüche
stantially parallel to the barrels (71) and communi-
cating therewith through respective pressure sensi- 1. Rohrbaugruppe, aufweisend:
tive bypass means.
30 ein Rohrbündel, umfassend mehrere zündhüt-
9. A barrel assembly as claimed in claim 8 wherein the chenfreie Rohre (13), von denen jedes in Längs-
pressure sensitive bypass means comprises a richtung angeordnete aerodynamisch geformte,
valved port (73) in the wall of the bypass passage gerichtete Projektile (15) mit dazwischenliegen-
(72) for communicating with longitudinally spaced ar- den Treibmittelladungen (16) enthält, wobei das
rays of transverse bleed passages associated with 35 Rohrbündel in Längsrichtung voneinander be-
each propellant space. abstandete Lagen von Projektilen (15) mit da-
zwischenliegenden Lagen von Treibmittella-
10. A barrel assembly according to claim 9, wherein the dungen (16) aufweist,
valve is provided by a plug (76) within the ports which
are discharged from the ports (73) when a predeter- 40 wobei die zündhütchenfreien Rohre (13) um einen
mined pressure is exceeded in the barrels (71). Zündkanal (14) angeordnet sind, der sich im wesent-
lichen parallel zu den zündhütchenfreien Rohren
11. A barrel assembly as claimed in any one of the pre- (13) erstreckt und mit jedem der zündhütchenfreien
ceding claims wherein said projectiles (15) are Rohre (13) in Verbindung steht,
formed with reverse wedge sealing means. 45 wobei der Zündkanal (14) mehrere Zündmittel ent-
hält, die in Längsrichtung in dem Zündkanal (14) an-
12. A barrel assembly according to any one of the pre- geordnet sind,
ceding claims in combination with a firearm. wobei jedes der Zündmittel ein Zündhütchen (19)
aufweist und jedes der Zündhütchen (19) mit jeweils
13. A barrel assembly according to claim 12 wherein the 50 einer Lage Treibmittelladung in Verbindung steht, so
firearm is a handgun. dass jedes der Zündmittel durch diese Verbindung
alle Treibmittelladungen (16) in der entsprechenden
14. A method of igniting the propellant charges (16) in a ausgewählten Lage Treibmittelladungen (16) zün-
barrel assembly according to any one of claims 1 to den kann.
13 characterised by the step of: 55
2. Rohrbaugruppe nach Anspruch 1,
selectively igniting a only one of the primers (19) welche eine austauschbare Patrone (12) zum Laden
whereby each propellant charge in only one of in eine Feuerwaffe bildet.

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9 EP 0 985 128 B1 10

3. Rohrbäugruppe nach Anspruch 2. 13. Rohrbaugruppe nach Anspruch 12,


die nur einen Teil der Rohre der Feuerwaffe bereit- wobei die Feuerwaffe eine Handfeuerwaffe ist.
stellt.
14. Verfahren zum Zünden der Treibmittelladungen (16)
4. Rohrbaugruppe nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, 5 in einer Rohrbaugruppe nach einem der Ansprüche
wobei der Zündkanal (14) über in Längsrichtung von- 1 bis 13, gekennzeichnet durch folgenden Schritt:
einander beabstandete, quer angeordnete Entlüf-
tungskanäle (20) mit jedem der zündhütchenfreien selektives Zünden nur eines der Zündhütchen
Rohre (13) im entsprechenden Rohrbündel in Ver- (19), wodurch jede Treibrnittelladung in nur ei-
bindung steht. 10 ner der Lagen von Treibmittelladungen (16)
gleichzeitig gezündet wird, um das gleichzeitige
5. Rohrbaugruppe nach Anspruch 4, selektive Abschießen einer einzelnen Lage ae-
wobei der Zündkanal (14) Mittel zum selektiven auf- rodynamisch geformter gerichteter Projektile
einanderfolgenden Zünden der Zündhütchen ent- (15) zu bewirken.
hält. 15
15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14,
6. Rohrbaugruppe nach Anspruch 5, bei dem die Zündung des Zündhütchens (19) über
bei der der Zündkanal ein Hauptrohr (14) ist, das mit eine entsprechende Anordnung von Entlüftungska-
Zündhütchen-Zündmitteln zum selektiven Zünden nälen an jede der Treibmittelladungen der jeweiligen
der darin enthaltenen Treibmittelladungen (16) ver- 20 Lage weitergegeben wird.
sehen ist.
16. Verfahren nach Anspruch 15,
7. Rohrbaugruppe nach Anspruch 6, aufweisend den Schritt des aufeinanderfolgenden
bei der das Hauptrohr (14) ein mittiges Rohr ist, das Zündens mehrerer Zündhütchen (19), die im Zünd-
eine größere Bohrung hat als die anderen zündhüt- 25 kanal in Längsrichtung voneinander beabstandet
chenfreien Rohre (13). sind, um nacheinander mehrere Lagen von Treib-
mittelladungen (16) zu zünden und damit nachein-
8. Rohrbaugruppe nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7. ander mehrere Lagen von Projektilen (15) in rascher
bei der die Rohre (71) um einen oder mehrere Aus- Folge abzuschießen.
weichkanäle (72) angeordnet sind, die sich im we- 30
sentlichen parallel zu den Rohren (71) erstrecken 17. Verfahren nach Anspruch 16,
und über die jeweiligen Druckübertragungsaus- bei dem der durch die Zündung einer Lage Treibmit-
weichmittel damit in Verbindung stehen. telladungen erzeugte Überdruck das Öffnen einer
mit Ventil versehenen Öffnung (73) bewirkt, so dass
9. Rohrbaugruppe, nach Anspruch 8, 35 der Überdruck über einen Ausweichkanal, der mit
bei der die Druckübertragungsausweichmittel in der der mit Ventil versehenen Öffnung in Verbindung
Wandung des Ausweichkanals (72) eine mit Ventil steht, normalisiert wird.
versehene Öffnung (73) aufweisen, um eine Verbin-
dung mit den in Längsrichtung voneinander beab-
standeten, quer angeordneten Entlüftungskanälen, 40 Revendications
die jedem Treibrnittelraum zugeordnet sind, herzu-
stellen. 1. Assemblage de canons comprenant :

10. Rohrbaugruppe nach Anspruch 9, un ensemble de canons comprenant une plura-


bei der das Ventil mit einem Stopfen (76) in den Öff- 45 lité de canons sans amorces (13), chacun com-
nungen versehen ist, der aus den Öffnungen (73) prenant un arrangement longitudinal de projec-
getrieben wird, wenn ein vorgegebener Druck in den tiles directionnels de forme aérodynamique (15)
Rohren (71) überschritten wird. et des charges de gaz propulseur interposées
(16), moyennant quoi l’ensemble de canons
11. Rohrbaugruppe nach einem der vorhergehenden 50 comprend des couches espacées longitudina-
Ansprüche, lement de projectiles (15) et des couches inter-
bei der die Projektile (15) mit Umkehrkeildichtmitteln posées de charges de gaz propulseur (16),
versehen sind. les canons sans amorces (13) sont regroupés
autour d’un passage d’allumage (14) qui s’étend
12. Rohrbaugruppe nach einem der vorhergehenden 55 de manière substantiellement parallèle aux ca-
Ansprüche nons sans amorces (13) et qui communique
in Kombination mit einer Feuerwaffe. avec chaque canon sans amorces (13) et,
le passage d’allumage (14) comprenant une plu-

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11 EP 0 985 128 B1 12

ralité de moyens d’allumage disposés longitudi- à chaque espace de gaz propulseur.


nalement dans ledit passage d’allumage (14),
10. Assemblage de canons selon la revendication 9
chaque moyen d’allumage comprenant une amorce dans lequel la soupape est munie de chevilles (76)
(19) et chaque amorce (19) communique avec une 5 à l’intérieur des orifices, qui sont expulsées hors des
couche correspondante de charges de gaz propul- orifices (73) lorsqu’une pression prédéterminée est
seur moyennant quoi chaque moyen d’allumage est dépassée dans les canons (71).
conçu, grâce à ladite communication, pour allumer
toutes les charges de gaz propulseur (16) dans une 11. Assemblage de canons selon l’une des revendica-
des couches desdites charges de gaz propulseur 10 tions précédentes dans lequel lesdits projectiles (15)
(16). sont munis de moyens d’étanchéité présentant la
forme de clavettes inversées.
2. Assemblage de canons selon la revendication 1, for-
mant une cartouche remplaçable 12 pouvant être 12. Assemblage de canons selon l’une des revendica-
chargée dans une arme à feu. 15 tions précédentes en combinaison avec une arme à
feu.
3. Assemblage de canons selon la revendication 2, qui
met à disposition seulement une partie de chacun 13. Assemblage de canons selon la revendication 12
des canons de l’arme à feu. dans lequel l’arme à feu est une arme de poing.
20
4. Assemblage de canons selon l’une des revendica- 14. Procédé d’allumage des charges de gaz propulseur
tions 1 à 3, dans lequel ledit passage d’allumage (16) dans un assemblage de canons selon l’une des
(14) communique avec chacun des canons sans revendications 1 à 13, caractérisé par l’étape
amorces (13) dans un ensemble de canons corres- suivante :
pondant par l’intermédiaire de rangées, espacées 25
longitudinalement, de passages de purge transver- allumage sélectif d’une seule des amorces (19),
saux (20). moyennant quoi chaque charge de gaz propul-
seur dans une seule couche de charges de gaz
5. Assemblage de canons selon la revendication 4 propulseur (16) est simultanément allumée afin
dans lequel le passage d’allumage (14) contient des 30 d’effectuer l’expulsion simultanée sélective
moyens permettant d’allumer sélectivement et sé- d’une seule couche de projectiles directionnels
quentiellement les amorces. de forme aérodynamique (15).

6. Assemblage de canons selon la revendication 5, 15. Procédé selon la revendication 14 dans lequel l’al-
dans lequel le passage d’allumage comprend un ca- 35 lumage de l’amorce (19) est communiqué à chacune
non principal (14) muni d’un moyen d’allumage des charges de gaz propulseur dans une couche
d’amorce pour l’allumage sélectif des charges de correspondante par l’intermédiaire d’une rangée
gaz propulseur (16) qui s’y trouvent. correspondante de passages de purge.

7. Assemblage de canons selon la revendication 6, 40 16. Procédé selon la revendication 15, comprenant l’éta-
dans lequel le canon principal (14) comprend un ca- pe d’allumage séquentiel de plusieurs amorces (19)
non central qui présente un alésage de canon supé- espacées longitudinalement dans le passage d’allu-
rieur à celui des autres canons sans amorces (13). mage afin d’allumer séquentiellement plusieurs cou-
ches de charges de gaz propulseur (16) et afin d’ex-
8. Assemblage de canons selon l’une des revendica- 45 pulser séquentiellement plusieurs couches de pro-
tions 1 à 7, dans lequel les canons (71) sont regrou- jectiles (15) en succession rapide.
pés autour d’un ou plusieurs passages de dérivation
(72) qui s’étendent de manière substantiellement pa- 17. Procédé selon la revendication 16 dans lequel la sur-
rallèle aux canons (71) et qui communiquent avec pression produite par l’allumage d’une couche de
ceux-ci par l’intermédiaire de moyens de dérivation 50 charges de gaz propulseur provoque l’ouverture
sensibles à la pression correspondants. d’un orifice muni d’une soupape (73) de façon à ce
que la surpression soit évacuée à travers un passa-
9. Assemblage selon la revendication 8 dans lequel le ge de dérivation qui communique avec l’orifice muni
moyen de dérivation sensible à la pression com- d’une soupape.
prend un orifice muni d’une soupape (73) dans la 55
paroi du passage de dérivation (72) pour communi-
quer avec des rangées, espacées longitudinale-
ment, de passages de purge transversaux associés

7
EP 0 985 128 B1

8
EP 0 985 128 B1

9
EP 0 985 128 B1

10
EP 0 985 128 B1

11
EP 0 985 128 B1

12
EP 0 985 128 B1

13
EP 0 985 128 B1

14
EP 0 985 128 B1

15