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PILE CAP ANALYSIS & DESIGN (ACI318-11)

In accordance with ACI318-11


Tedds calculation version 2.0.00

Pile analysis summary


Unit Applied Allowable Utilization Result
Pile axial compression, pile 4 kN 236 700 0.338 PASS
Pile cap design summary
Unit Required Provided Utilization Result
Flexural reinforcement mm2 3600 (min) 3142 1.146 FAIL
One way shear kN 430 898 0.479 PASS
One way modified shear kN 536 746 0.718 PASS
Two way column shear MPa 0.489 1.134 0.431 PASS
Two way col. mod. shear MPa 1.180 11.485 0.103 PASS
Two way pile shear MPa 0.267 1.134 0.236 PASS
One way corner pile shear kN 324 841 0.385 PASS

3 4
2500 mm

1 2
y

2500 mm

;
;
Pile cap details
Pile cap width, along x axis; Lx = 2500 mm
Pile cap width, along y axis; Ly = 2500 mm
Total cap depth; Dcap = 800 mm
Density of concrete; γconc = 25 kN/m3
Height of soil above pile cap; hsoil = 0 mm
Density of soil above pile cap; γsoil = 15 kN/m3

Column details
Column width, along x axis; lx,col = 300 mm
Column width, along y axis; ly,col = 300 mm
Column location, x axis; xc = 1250 mm
Column location, y axis; yc = 1500 mm
Pile details
Pile material; Concrete
Concrete pile section; Circular
Pile diameter; hpile = 500 mm
Allowable axial compression load; PpC,allow = 700 kN
Allowable axial tension load; PpT,allow = 300 kN
Allowable lateral load; Vp,allow = 0 kN
Number of piles; Np = 4.000
Pile embedment; dembed = 100 mm
Pile spacing; sp = 1500 mm
Edge distance; E = 500 mm
Surcharge loads
Surcharge dead load; pD,sur = 2.0 kN/m2
Surcharge live loads; pL,sur = 4.0 kN/m2
Column axial loads
Axial dead load; PD = 600 kN
Total area axial dead load; PD,area = γconc × Lx × Ly
× Dcap + pD,sur × (Lx × Ly - lx,col × ly,col) = 137.3 kN
Total area axial live load; PL,area = pL,sur × (Lx × Ly
- lx,col × ly,col) = 24.6 kN
Column shear loads
Shear dead load, along x axis; VxD = 15 kN
Shear dead load, along y axis; VyD = 50 kN
Column moment loads
Moment dead load, about x-x axis; MxD = 160.0 kNm
Moment dead load, about y-y axis; MyD = 100.0 kNm
Pile group centroid
Centroid location, x direction; xpg,c = (xp1 + xp2 + xp3 + xp4) / Np = 1250 mm
Centroid location, y direction; ypg,c = (yp1 + yp2 + yp3 + yp4) / Np = 1250 mm
Pile distance from centroid
Pile 1 centroid distance, x direction; xp1,c = xp1 - xpg,c = -750 mm
Pile 1 centroid distance, y direction; yp1,c = yp1 - ypg,c = -750 mm
Pile 2 centroid distance, x direction; xp2,c = xp2 - xpg,c = 750 mm
Pile 2 centroid distance, y direction; yp2,c = yp2 - ypg,c = -750 mm
Pile 3 centroid distance, x direction; xp3,c = xp3 - xpg,c = -750 mm
Pile 3 centroid distance, y direction; yp3,c = yp3 - ypg,c = 750 mm
Pile 4 centroid distance, x direction; xp4,c = xp4 - xpg,c = 750 mm
Pile 4 centroid distance, y direction; yp4,c = yp4 - ypg,c = 750 mm
Moment of inertia of pile group
Moment of inertia about x-x axis; Ixx = yp1,c2 + yp2,c2 + yp3,c2 + yp4,c2 = 2250000 mm2
Moment of inertia about y-y axis; Iyy = xp1,c2 + xp2,c2 + xp3,c2 + xp4,c2 = 2250000 mm2
Loading eccentricity
Eccentricity of column load, x direction; ex,c = xc - xpg,c = 0 mm
Eccentricity of column load, y direction; ey,c = yc - ypg,c = 250 mm
Dead load pile forces
Dead load moment about x-x axis; MxD,Des = MxD + (-1) × PD × ey,c + (-1) × VyD × Dcap = -30
kNm
Dead load moment about y-y axis; MyD,Des = MyD + VxD × Dcap = 112 kNm
Dead axial load on pile 1; Pp1,D = (PD + PD,area) /
Np + MyD,Des × xp1,c / Iyy + MxD,Des × (-1) × yp1,c / Ixx = 137
kN
Dead axial load on pile 2; Pp2,D = (PD + PD,area) /
Np + MyD,Des × xp2,c / Iyy + MxD,Des × (-1) × yp2,c / Ixx = 212
kN
Dead axial load on pile 3; Pp3,D = (PD + PD,area) /
Np + MyD,Des × xp3,c / Iyy + MxD,Des × (-1) × yp3,c / Ixx = 157
kN
Dead axial load on pile 4; Pp4,D = (PD + PD,area) /
Np + MyD,Des × xp4,c / Iyy + MxD,Des × (-1) × yp4,c / Ixx = 232
kN
Live load pile forces
Live load moment about x-x axis; MxL,Des = 0 kNm = 0 kNm
Live load moment about y-y axis; MyL,Des = 0 kNm = 0 kNm
Live axial load on pile 1; Pp1,L = (PL + PL,area) / Np = 6 kN
Live axial load on pile 2; Pp2,L = (PL + PL,area) / Np = 6 kN
Live axial load on pile 3; Pp3,L = (PL + PL,area) / Np = 6 kN
Live axial load on pile 4; Pp4,L = (PL + PL,area) / Np = 6 kN
ASCE 7-10 load combinations (ASD)
1.0D + 0.75L + 0.75Lr + 0.45W (FAIL)
Combination 11 results: 1.0D + 0.75L + 0.75Lr + 0.45W
Pile 4 axial load; Pp4 = 1.0 × Pp4,D + 0.75 × Pp4,L +
0.75 × Pp4,Lr + 0.45 × Pp4,W = 236.3 kN
max(Pp4 / PpC,allow,0) = 0.338
PASS - Pile allowable compression load exceeds axial force
Pile cap design
Material details
Compressive strength of concrete; f'c = 21.000 MPa
Concrete type; Normal weight
Concrete modification factor; λ=1
Yield strength of reinforcement; fy = 420.000 MPa
Nominal cover to top reinforcement; cnom,top = 75 mm
Nominal cover to bottom reinforcement; cnom,bot = 75 mm
ASCE 7-10 load combinations (LRFD)
1.4D (1.146)
1.2D + 1.6L + 0.5Lr (1.146)
Combination 2 results: 1.2D + 1.6L + 0.5Lr
Moment design, about x-x axis, positive moment
Ultimate bending moment; Mu = 331.4 kNm
Tension reinforcement provided; (10) 20 mm φ bot bars (258 mm c/c)
Area of tension reinforcement provided; As.prov = 3142 mm2
Minimum area of reinforcement (10.5.4); As.min = 0.0018 × Lx × Dcap = 3600 mm2
FAIL - Minimum area of reinforcement exceeds area of reinforcement provided
Maximum spacing of reinforcement (10.5.4); smax = min(3 × Dcap, 457 mm) = 457 mm
PASS - Maximum permissible reinforcement spacing exceeds actual spacing
Depth to tension reinforcement; d = Dcap - dembed - cnom,bot - φy.bot / 2 = 615 mm
Depth of compression block; a = As.prov × fy / (0.85 × f'c × Lx) = 30 mm
Neutral axis factor; β1 = 0.85
Depth to neutral axis; c = a / β1 = 35 mm
Strain in tensile reinforcement (10.3.5); εt = 0.003 × d / c - 0.003 = 0.05004
PASS - Tensile strain exceeds minimum required, 0.004
Nominal moment capacity; Mn = As.prov × fy × (d - a / 2) = 792.0 kNm
Flexural strength reduction factor; φf = min(max(0.65 + (εt - 0.002) × (250 / 3), 0.65), 0.9) =
0.900
Design moment capacity; φMn = φf × Mn = 712.8 kNm
Mu / φMn = 0.465
PASS - Design moment capacity exceeds ultimate moment load
One-way shear design, along y axis
Ultimate shear force; Vu = 376.2 kN
Depth to reinforcement; dv = dy.bot = 615 mm
Shear strength reduction factor; φv = 0.75
Nominal shear capacity (Eq. 11-3); Vn = 0.17 × λ × √(f'c × 1 MPa) × Lx × dv = 1197.8 kN
Design shear capacity; φVn = φv × Vn = 898.3 kN
Vu / φVn = 0.419