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UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
SURVEY, LIAISON RECONNAISSANCE PARTY MPF 11 MARITIME PREPOSITIONING FORCE (MPF) STAFF PLANNING N20L8QM REVISED 07/01/2008
APPROVED BY _______________________
INTRODUCTION 1. GAIN ATTENTION. (Slide 1) Two unique requirements of an MPF operation are preparing the MPS and MPE/S before arrival in the operating area, and assessing the port/beach and arrival airfield before the FIE arrives. During this lesson we are going to discuss one very important organization that is deployed into the objective area prior to the arrival of the fly-in echelon and the arrival of the MPS to validate the geodetic, hydrographic and facilities data and coordinate HN Support…the SLRP. The material in this class will be able to help you not only in MPF deployments but also help you understand the basic planning considerations for any arrival and assembly plan as well as the planning considerations for contracting HN Support. This information will also assist the student in the practical exercise portion of this course. (Slide 2) 2. OVERVIEW. • • • SLRP Mission, Deployment considerations, Task Organization, Responsibilities HNS During this lesson we will discuss: (3 MIN)
Planning Considerations, Types, Inappropriate functions, Coordination (Slide 3) 3. LEARNING OBJECTIVES (LESSON PURPOSE) To familiarize the student with the mission, deployment considerations and task organization of the SLRP and planning considerations and types of host nation support. a. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVES. With the aid of references and as part of an MPF staff planning group, determine the mission and composition of the Survey, Liaison and Reconnaissance Party (SLRP) in accordance with the MCWP 3-32. (0019.03.10) ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE(S): 1. With the aid of references, state the mission of the SLRP in accordance with MCWP 3-32. (0019.03.10a) 2. With the aid of references, specify the considerations for the deployment of the SLRP in accordance with MCWP 3-32. (0019.03.10b)
3. With the aid of references, specify task-organization considerations for the composition of the SLRP in accordance with MCWP 3-32. (0019.03.10c) 4. With the aid of references, identify areas of expertise needed for the SLRP to carry out it’s responsibilities in accordance with MCWP 3-32. (0019.03.10d) 5. With the aid of references, explain the importance of Host Nation Support (HNS) in MPF operations in accordance with MCWP 3-32. (0019.03.10e) 6. With the aid of references, identify types of HNS that can be utilized in MPF operations in accordance with MCWP 3-32. (0019.03.10f)
INSTRUCTOR NOTE. Take a minute to read over your TLOs and ELOs. looks up I will know when to begin.
(Slide 4) These are the references associated with the lecture. (2 Attachments of Note) Attachment A is the “Notional Survey, Liaison, and Reconnaissance Party T/O MPF MEB & MEU”. This is an exact replica of the one found in the MCWP 3-32, Appendix O, pg O-6—O-10. Attachment B is the “Host Nation support checklist”. of the one found in the MCWP 3-32, Appendix G. This is a skeleton version
4. METHOD/MEDIA. This period of instruction will be given using the informal lecture method aided by a powerpoint presentation. 5. EVALUATION. You will be evaluated during the practical application on training day 4 and 5. 6. SAFETY/CEASE TRAINING (CT) BRIEF. N/A
TRANSITION. Are there any questions about what we will be covering, how we will cover it, or how you will be evaluated? Good, now let’s discuss what a SLRP is and its mission. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ___
(Slide 5) BODY a.Paragraph Heading. Definitions (45 MIN)
SLRP Definition. The Survey, Liaison and Reconnaissance Party (SLRP) is a task organization formed from the MAGTF and Navy Support Element (NSE) and is introduced into the objective area prior to the arrival of the main body of the Fly-In Echelon (FIE). The SLRP conducts initial reconnaissance, establishes liaison with in-theater authorities and initiates preparations for arrival of the main body of the FIE and the MPSRON. (Slide 6) The SLRP’s mission is 3 fold: 1. Determine the suitability of the port, beach, airfield(s), road and rail networks to support the arrival of the MPF MAGTF; (Slide 7) … to designate areas for unit arrival and assembly operations in accordance with the off-load and Arrival Assembly Plan; (Slide 8) .. and to conduct liaison and coordination with U.S., allied, and host nation authorities in support of the MPF operation. (Slide 9) Overall, the SLRP is responsible for VALIDATING THE ARRIVAL AND ASSEMBLY PLAN. During the planning process while everyone is back in CONUS we will not have ALL of the information. In is imperative that in order to continue planning that we make assumptions and build RFI (request for Information) lists. So, the SLRP’s whole purpose is to confirm or deny those assumptions that we made during the planning process. (Slide 10) So, If a question ever comes up as to the mission of the SLRP, your answer should be that they “validate the Arrival and Assembly plan” Throughout the rest of this class I will be asking you to give some scenarios or answer my questions with concrete examples. Any Questions from this point on could possibly be answered with the standard, “ Situational dependent/ Mission Dependent”. However, that answer will not be accepted. Please provide examples to back up your position from this point on. (Slide 11) SLRP Deployment Considerations Earliest recommended deployment: 8 days prior to arrival of MPSRON.
Deploys at direction of the MAGTF Commander.
Political implications: May affect size of SLRP, personal security measures, and whether deployment is in uniform or civilian clothes. How can political implications affect the Size of the SLRP? A) Embassy limits the number of personnel that can arrive in theater early before MAGTF operations begin. (Slide 12) Knowledge of the objective area: schedule. May affect SLRP composition and deployment
If we had a question about Kuwait? How easy would it be to get an answer to our question? How early would we have to deploy to Kuwait to answer our questions? A) Pretty easy. I bet if I had a question about the port or a road network that I could make a phone call from here and reach another uniformed service member in Kuwait to answer my question? When would we need to deploy earlier than 8 days before the FIE and MPSRON arrival? A) For example during the Tsunami that affected Sri Lanka, Indonesia , and Banda Ache. Those tidal waves completely changed the lay of the land, the road network, the surf characteristics. Security situation: Affects freedom of movement within AAA.
How does Freedom of Movement affect when we would deploy the SLRP? A) If we needed to use the buddy system, not only with people but with vehicles, than that would mean more and more SLRP members would have to travel around to answer only 1 person’s questions. Therefore it can drastically elongate your timeline. (Slide 13) The SLRP is under the OPCON of the MAGTF and typically led by the G-4/G-4 or the LCE Commander. This makes sense because it is the MAGTF CE (or G-3/G-4) who write the Arrival and Assembly plan. So, it seems logical that they would head up the organization that validates the plan. Core composition specified (notionally) by the MCWP 3-32 Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) Operations Appendix O. The SLRP should include representatives of the MAGTF and NSE staff. (Slide 14) Should be self-supporting: security. Communications, transportation, rations and personal
Why is it important they bring their own comm?
Why important about bringing their own rations? A) They are the first ones possibly in theater. B) Food not agreeable to US standards. Size and scope situational dependent. When would we keep it small? A) MPF MEU size operation. MPF MEU sized SLRP= 62 Personnel B) Political restrictions When allow it to get bigger? A) MPF MEB Sized SLRP=107 personal (additions of Translators, Civil Affairs, NMCBs, FH, more Communicators, bigger HQ element) (Slide 15) SLRP composition is task organized after the warning order is received and the concept for deployment is developed. The SLRP must be self-sustaining and include, as appropriate, representation from the MAGTF, CMPF, NCW, NMCB, UCT, FH, and CNSE staffs. In Appendix O, MCWP 3-32. size force. Here is the Notional SLRP breakout for and MPF MEU
MPF MEU sized SLRP= 62 Line numbers Who has the biggest piece of the pie? Why?
A)CE- b/c that is where MAGTF Cmdr lives and who builds the AA plan (Slide 16) Here is the Notional SLRP breakout for and MPF MEB size force. MPF MEB Sized SLRP=107 Line Numbers What other people are added to the MPF MEB SLRP? A) Translators, Civil Affairs, NMCBs, FH, more Communicators, bigger HQ element) (Slide 17) TRANSITION. Are there any questions about the SLRP’s mission or how it is task organized? Good, now let’s discuss what a SLRP’s tasks and responsibilities. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ___
(Slide 18) SLRP Responsibilities. The SLRP must provide detailed information on conditions within and characteristics of the AAA and lay the groundwork for efficient arrival of the MPSRON and the FIE. In order to accomplish this, the SLRP, if possible, should consist of representatives from the following areas of expertise: Beach masters, Pilots, ACB, ACU, MATGF logisticians, engineers, medical personnel, CA, translators. We will dicuss each of these in the following slides. (Slide 19) Beach, Port and Airfield Reconnaissance Hydrographic analysis What are we going to look for at the beach? Who does this analysis? A) Beach gradients, channel depth, berthing areas and berthing depths, beach capacity B) Beach Masters Unit What about at the port? A) Size of piers, What are its weight limitations. (Stern ramp plus our heaviest asset…M1A1 tank (just under 70 tons)
What about the airfield? A) Runways lengths and aprons. B) Flight restrictions, air traffic control and air defense. Any Restrictions in Practical Application? (Slide 20) There are many of sources of information that you can tap in to to get beach, port and airfield information to include the following: (1) (2) (3) (4) GCCS JOPES Seaports Characteristics File (CLASSIFIED). GCCS JOPES Airports Characteristics File (CLASSIFIED). Joint Deployable Intelligence Support System (JDISS) (CLASSIFIED) Amphibious Contingency Support Package (CLASSIFIED). Yes, only 5 flights a day
(5) GCCS Airfield File (CLASSIFIED)
However you have discussed many of these in depth in your Deployment Systems class so we are just going to mention them here. (Slide 21) Engineer Reconnaissance and Construction Estimation Location of HN sources for construction material and equipment. In Iraq in 2005 we were responsible for building check points shakes for the Marines to operate out of. During that time we had to contract out a lot of our lumber requirements. Location of traffic-ability obstructions: What are traffic-ability obstructions? A) Narrow lanes, low clearance heights, narrow curve radii, and low bridge weight classifications Looking for picture of retrograde in Iraq when the RTCH on top of the TT hit the overpass coming down to Kuwait. What about water and power production capabilities? operation if we haven’t planned for it? How can that affect our MPF
A) In the US we use 120 Volts power systems, in Iraq they use 230 Volts (with the rounded plugs and outlets just like the one in the pictures) What happens if we plug a 120 volt computer into the 230 volt outlet? A) We could fry our equipment. information, etc. (Slide 22) Commodity Storage (1) Location of covered storage and hardstand. Now we can’t send reports, convey
What does of commodities specifically do we need to look for? A) Storage for food, Ammo What about looking at Cargo handling and staging areas restrictions? Has anyone ever moved TT around or HE around on Okinawa before? They have some restrictions there, anyone know what that is? A) You can only move around TT between the hours of midnight and 0400. cause a big delay in our offload timeline if we weren’t aware of that restriction and we didn’t plan for it. Transportation Planning That can
(1) Analysis of commercial line-haul equipment, MHE and lighterage.
What is the the only thing the USMC can’t haul itself? A) The M1A1 tank. to move it. We either need to contract out HNS or rely on the Army HETT
Why is looking at the Traffic network patterns important? A) Maybe better to move stuff around during Siesta (b/c less locals on the road). Or maybe we can’t move stuff during siesta b.c the HN wants to keep it quiet during those hours b/c everyone is resting. B) What about traffic circles? Very difficult some
C) What about driving on the left side of the road? times to adapt to these things. (Slide 23) Medical Support (1)
Analysis of HN emergency treatment/ambulance capabilities. water purification, endemic disease and
(2) Preventive medicine: sanitation analysis.
There was one type of PM that was far superior than anything we have in the US that we relied on a HN hospital to provide US when doing training in the Philippines. Does anyone know what that is? A) Antivenins for some of there indigenous snakes.
Hospital, morgue and blood storage facilities selection.
g. Communications (1) analysis. (2) Coordination with embassy and the Military Advisory and Assistance Group (MAAG) assets. Selection of retransmission sites. What is a retrans site? A) For hilly terrain, enables us to send the communication signals futher distances. (Slide 24) HN Public Telephone and Telegraph (PTT), microwave and SATCOM
Civil Affairs, Contracting, Disbursal and Staff Judge Advocate (SJA) (1) Analysis on effects of customs and traditions.
Why is an analysis of customs and traditions important? A) Because we can cause a lot of hate and discontent with the local populace by doing or displaying behaviors that are not acceptable in other countries. Ie, showing someone the sole of the shoe, shaking hands with the left hand, flashing the “Okay” symbol. (2) (3) (4) (5) Translation. Civil law interface. Rules of engagement analysis. Acquisition, replacement or repayment procedures. not necessary work every where for repayment. If we destroy we needed to use it as a Helicopter landing Zone, and now he next year, American dollars won’t work. He could need us to repay him in seed, etc.
American dollars do a farmers field b/c has no food for the replace his crop or
Intelligence, Security and Tactical Operations (1) (2) (3) (4) Threat analysis. Locations of HN military, police and intelligence agencies. HN reliability analysis. Placement of assembly areas and command posts.
(Slide 25) SLRP Communications The concept for communications is to provide essential support to the SLRP, relying heavily on host nation support or US facilities, if available. As a result, the requirements for deploying with organic SLRP communications support will vary with the communications characteristics and support available within the AAA. SLRP external communications capabilities include secure voice, data, and facsimile with the MPF MAGTF, CMPSRON, and CNSE. Internal command and control communications will be by secure voice. If the situation permits, only portable radios will be embarked for internal communications requirements. For planning purposes, the SLRP communications team from the Communication Battalion will deploy with, but not limited to the equipment listed in OH 1-5-1.
a. Approval for additional equipment will be made by the MEF AC/S G-6, in coordination with the OIC of the SLRP. (Slide 26) SLRP Transportation SLRP personnel will marshal with their equipment at an area designated for the MPF MAGTF Command Element when directed by the SLRP OIC. Since the deployment of the SLRP occurs very early and is not conducted as part of the scheduled FIE, sponsoring commanders are responsible for transporting their SLRP personnel and equipment to the marshaling area. Once marshaled, further embarkation preparations (i.e., load plans) become the responsibility of the deploying MPF MAGTF Command Element. (Slide 27) An average SLRP will primarily embark with 7 or 8 HMMWVs. c. Where no HNS electrical support is provided, the SLRP will require possibly a MEP-003 generator with trailer, plus fuel. For planning, a notional SLRP will require approximately two C-141 loads. SLRP is not included in the planning goal of 332 aircraft sorties. (Slide 28) TRANSITION. Are there any questions about the SLRP’s tasks and responsibilities? Good, now let’s discuss Host Nation Support. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ___ (Slide 29) This Host Nation Support is defined as services rendered by a country to visiting allied or friendly forces: a. In peace, during transition to war and in wartime. The
How can HNS differ in peace, transition and war? A)Peace- much get as much of resource as necessary b/c it is plentiful. not b/c not friendly with US A)Transition-Occupationthem out None to give us, Might
Give us whatever we need to help
A) War- Burned- none to us.
Give us whatever we need to help them out.
b. From both civil and military sources.
c. Based on Host Nation Support Agreements (HNSA) or other formal negotiations. d. Provided free of charge or requiring replacement or reimbursement. (Slide 30) Host Nation Support (HNS). The interface between the host nation and military forces from other countries can be a very complicated situation. That previous sentence is probably the biggest understatement of the entire course. Interface with HN can be extremely complex and it requires that we send the right people for the job. Who here knows who GySgt Hartmen is from the movie, “Full Metal Jacket”? A) He is a rough Gunnery Sergeant played by R. Lee Ermy who is playing a Bootcamp DI. Now what if it was GySgt Hartman who was supposed to fill a Line number on the SLRP T/O. He is very difficult to understand. He speaks Marine, and hardly even speaks proper English. Now would that be the best person to send on the SLRP? Probably not, so as Staff planners we also need to think about making sure we send the right people to handle some of these delicate and high profile jobs. The specially trained personnel in civil affairs, contracting, disbursing and legal can work together with the other functional area experts mentioned above in establishing a system to assist the MPF in performing its wartime mission. Procuring support from the host nation that will reduce the need for and consumption of MAGTF assets during arrival and assembly can do this. (Slide 31) Rarely does a total lack of HNS exist. that might be true? Can someone give me an example of when
A) Translators, labor, (ie Tsunami- willing to help rebuild, move rocks out of road, show us where people were trapped or alternate roads to use) a. In contingency operations, the MAGTF Commander may have little prior information to determine if HNS is suitable or desirable. However, there is rarely a total lack of usable HN resources. b. Factors that must be evaluated before using HNS resources:
(1) Capability, willingness and dependability of HN to provide and sustain identified resources. (2) (3) (4) Shortfalls in MAGTF capabilities. OPSEC. Effect on morale.---- We will come back to this.
(5) (6) (Slide 32) Types of HNS a. Really, it is almost unlimited Capability of MAGTF to accept and manage HNS resources. The risk (i.e. will it be available in wartime?).
HN Government Agency Support (1) (2) (3) (4) Transportation. Communications. Utilities. Police.
On Okinawa they have civilian police guarding the gates on US Naval and Marine bases. Why? A) Translation B) C) Know the customs and courtesies Can deal with local threats and trouble makers so that the US doesn't have to get involved.
Does everyone in the US recognize my uniform? No. Will persons from other countries know what that means? No.. If we pair up with HN police… translate, smooth out interactions b/t us and the HN. (5) (6) Fire Departments. Translation.
HN Area Support Functions (1) (2) (3) (4) Pilots (Slide 33) HN Supplies and Equipment (1) MHE. (Yard dogs, Crane support, Calimar Support) (2) Transporters. (3) Construction. Rail Operations. Convoy scheduling. Air traffic control. Harbor pilot. - Used going through Suez Canal… different from Japanese harbor
(4) Barrier material. (5) POL. (6) Sanitation. e. HN Civilians (1) Skilled laborers. (2) Stevedores (do we have this MOS in the USMC? 0481 Landing Support Marines. So it can be a detriment to morale if we bring over a platoon of LS Marines then they are not employed because we have contracted Civilians to do their job. Things to think about when we contract HNS. (3) Mechanics. (4) Equipment technicians/repairmen. (5) Drivers (In many other countries, rented vehicles usually come with drivers. Again, something the SLRP should look into when they are deployed) (6) Equipment operators. (Slide 34) Civilian Contractors (1) (2) (3) Construction. Transportation. Labor.
(4) Bakery. (You can really boost moral if the deployed Marines and Sailors have been eatting MREs for 30 days straight and you can contract out a bakery to get fresh baked bread) (5) Laundry (You can really boost moral if the deployed Marines and Sailors have been wearing the same set of cammies for 30 days straight and you can contract out a laundry service to get their uniforms washed) Military Units (1) (2) (3) Traffic control. Crowd control.
Convoy escort. (4) (5) (6) Installation security. Transportation. Translators.
(Slide 35) Functions Not Appropriate for HNS Command and control of critical CSS functions. Why is this not appropriate to contract out?
A) B/c we as CSS Marines understand the mission and purpose behind designating different units as the main and supporting efforts. Many times the main effort is in the fight. We have that dedication to duty to support those units who are in harms way. A civilian contractor will not have that same sense of duty and obligation. Triage of US casualties.---why should this not be contracted out? A) Our medical capabilities are far superior in the US then they are in other countries. For example, if I have a sucking chest wound I may be the lowest priority in another country, where as I would be the highest priority with US medicine Burial of US dead. Veterinary subsistence inspection.---What do they inspect?? US prisoner confinement operations. Security of special weapons sites or dumps. (Slide 36) Coordinating HNS a. Normally based on negotiated formal agreements that commit the HN to provide specific support according to prescribed conditions. (1) (2) Status of Forces Agreements (SOFA). Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). food
Moral QIf you find out little kids are working in bakery/laundry facility you have to stop, b/c of Federal Child Labor laws… it violates our laws. If you know about it you have to cease using that. contract.. But you have to stop using it. Subject to procedures and limitations defined by: (1) (2) (3) (4) Federal Law. Executive Order. Marine Corps Orders. Command Directives. You may pay out that
The SOFA is intended to clarify the terms under which the foreign military is allowed to operate. Typically, purely military issues such as the locations of bases and access to facilities are covered by separate agreements. The SOFA is more concerned with the legal issues associated with military individuals and property. This may include issues like entry and exit into the country, tax liabilities, postal services, or employment terms for host-country nationals,
but the most contentious issues are civil and criminal jurisdiction over the bases. For civil matters, SOFAs provide for how civil damages caused by the forces will be determined and paid. Criminal issues vary, but the typical provision in U.S. SOFAs is that U.S. courts will have jurisdiction over crimes committed either by a servicemember against another servicemember or by a servicemember as part of his or her military duty, but the host nation retains jurisdiction over other crimes. (Slide 37) Are there any questions on the HNS or any of the material I covered during this lesson? (Slide 38) SUMMARY (1 MIN)
This class has covered the mission, task organization and responsibilities of the SLPR as well as the planning considerations when using HNS. If there are no questions, Let’s take a 10 minute break. REFERENCES: 1. MCWP 3-32/NWP 3-02.3, Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) Operations
ATTACHMENTS: A. B. Notional Survey, Liaison and Reconnaissance Party. Host Nation Support Logistic Liaison Checklist.
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