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PHD

ESTIVAL PASCASISWAZAH 2018

MOSAIC
Date: 10th December 2018
Time: 1600-1715

Venue: University Islam Antarabangsa KUIS

Presenter: Nor Aida Abdul Rahman (PhD)


Dr. Nor Aida Abdul Rahman
Head of Aviation Management
UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF AVIATION
TECHNOLOGY (UNIKL MIAT)

noraida@unikl.edu.my

PhD in Supply Chain Management, UK

3PL, 4PL, Halal Logistics & SCM, Logistics


Branding, PBL in SCM teaching – AVIRES

Publications: IMM, IJSCM, JIM etc

Research grants: FRGS & STRg

HALAL JAKIM Certified Trainer


PSMB Certified Trainer
Chartered Member (CILTM)
Academy of Marketing UK
UniKL Halal Professional Board
External Advisor for Cybernetic College
(Aviation Management)
WHAT IS PHD
MOSAIC?

ESSENTIALS???

Why PhD Mosaic?


-to identify loopholes
LIFE AS A
POSTGRADUATE
STUDENTS
What is PhD and what makes a good
PhD research?

Logical, novel,
Verify you as a realistic,
professional contribution,
researcher original, valid
measurement

Relevant, appropriate
Real and balanced and justifiable research
research methods
Solve the problem

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BUILDING
TESTING /
RE
TESTING
VALIDATING

What your
BE
CLEAR!!! DISPROOFING research is all
CONFIRMING
about

EXPLORING OR
EXTENDING
EXPLANING

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Conclusion
Discussion
Thesis Mosaic

Methodology

findings
Research

Key
theory
Focal
Statement
Problem

LR

 Type of PhD
 Supervisor selection
 University
 Supervisor – supervisee relationship
 Proposal defence & upgrading
 Submission and VIVA process
 Publications
 Do & Dont’s
 Others
 Your research
 Research Mosaic
CHAPTER 1
• Overview
• Problem, RQ, RO

CHAPTER 2
• Background theory
• Past studies

CHAPTER 3
• Focal theory
What is the • Conceptual/ theoretical/ research?
purpose of Chapter 4
writing each • Methodology
• Data theory
chapter??? • Collection, Analysis, Validity & reliability

Chapter 5
• Key findings

Chapter 6
• Discussion

Chapter 7
 Working title  Construct
 Research Gap  First order Construct
 Problem, Aim, RQ, RO  Second Order Construct
 Setting / context  Data Theory
 Article Journal  Methodology, method,
 Journal techniques, tools
 Publisher  Research approach
 Database  Secondary data, Primary
 LR Data
What is  Keyword  Unit of Analysis
Research?  Keyword Plus  Population/ Sampling

Guideline for Poster Presentation - IMR -


5th Oct 2015 - DR.NAAR & MR NIMO
 Taxonomy  Analysis, Finding
 Variable – independent /  Suggestion,
dependent Recommendation,
 Antecedents and consequences Limitation
Terms in (outcome)  Figure, Table
Research  Hypothesis / propositions  Research ethics
 Conceptual Model  Generalisation
 Conceptual Framework  Transferability
 Revised Model/ Revised  Validity
Framework  Reliability
 Positions  Trustworthiness
 Background Theory  Rigor
 Focal Theory  Triangulation
 Research scope; research  Novelty
limitation  Research tools
 Contribution
• Axiology • Sampling • Content analysis
• Ontology • Population • Credibility
• Epistemology • Noema
• Unit of Analysis
• Cross sectional
• Ethics • Noesis
• Longitudinal
• Robustness • In vivo • Transferability
• Rigor • Research design • Bracketing
• Reliability • Research method • Credibility
• Validity • Research tools • Intuition

Guideline for Poster Presentation - IMR -


5th Oct 2015 - DR.NAAR & MR NIMO
• Triangulation
• Items • Descriptive
• Saturation
• Scales • Dependability
• Codes
• Category • Research technique • Confirmability
• Themes • Pragmatism • Analysis
• Coding • Positivism • Data
• Nodes • Interpretivism • Nominal
• Research design
• Theory testing • Ordinal
• Data Analysis
• Theory building • Philosophical stance
• Construct/ sub
construct • Research method • Paradigm
• Exploratory factor analysis • Research ethics
• Posteriori / prior theme
• Hypothesis • Trustworthiness
• Proposition • Validity
• Validation
• Reliability
• Truthful
• Transferability
• Probing
• Reflexivity • Objectivity
• Fittingness • Subjectivity
• Auditability • Deductive  Many school of
• Pilot test • Inductive thought

Guideline for Poster Presentation - IMR -


5th Oct 2015 - DR.NAAR & MR NIMO
• Memo  What is acceptable
• Credibility
• Memoing in your field
• Emic  Show evidence
• Exploratory
• Explanatory • Epistemic break  Reference
• Sequential explanatory • In vivo code
• Sequential exploratory • Thematic
• Theory triangulation • Robust
• Sampling procedure
• Tools
• Research technique
• Probing • Techniques
• Category • CAQDAS
• Coding
HEART OF
ANY
RESEARCH

COMPONENTS IN
Problem RESEARCH PROBLEM
Statement Working title 1. Principal Proposition (PP)
Research Gap 2. Interacting Proposition (IP)
Research Problem 3. Speculating Proposition
Problem statement (SP)
Research Aim 4. Explicative Statement (ES)
Research questions
Research Objectives
 Purpose of LR
Literature  Major steps in LR
 Classification/ taxonomy
Review  Tools in LR
(LR)  How to avoid plagiarism
 Finding top article
 How to structure your LR
 Critical thinking in LR
 How to develop your conceptual
framework/ model
 How to write a hypotheses /
propositions
Three important things in Focal theory

Table of
hypotheses,
variables,
references

Conceptual
Model/
Theoretical/ Linking your
Research taxonomy with
Framework focal the theory

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Research
 Research methodology
Methodology
 Research design
 Research method / strategy
 Data collection method,
technique, tools
 Data analysis method,
technique, tools
 Research ethics
QUANTITATIVE QUALITATIVE
 Cross sectional  Longitudinal
 Positivist / positivism  Interpretivist / interpretivism
 Deductive  Inductive
 Theory testing  Theory building
 Reductionist  Integrationist
 Objectivism / Objective  Subjectivism / Subjective
 Hypothetico deductive  Inductive reasoning logic
 Adopting  Adapting
 Explanatory / Explainable  Exploratory / Explorable
 Detach  Attach
 Numerical  Textual
 Hypothesis  Proposition
Research strategy/ Research method Research strategy/ Research method

 Phenomenology  Questionnaire Survey

 Case study  Interview Survey

 Grounded theory  Observation

 Delphi method  Netnography

 Mixed method  Action Research

 Ethnography  Decision Traits

 Phenomenography  Narrative

 Focus Group Discussion  Discourse

Leading Authors/ Key Reference


Recent And Old References
Process/ Procedure
Data Collection – Method, Technique, Tools
Data Analysis – Method, Technique, Tools
Sampling Procedure, Ethics
Validity, Reliability, Trustworthiness Issue
Population and
Research Strategy Data Collection Data Analysis Trustworthines

Unit of Analysis
methodology
Philosophical
Research Approach s criteria

Research

sampling
Research Method
Method Techniq Tools Method Techniq Tools

Ethics
stance

ue ue

Survey Validity

Individ
Reliability
Positivist

ual
Case study Objective
(VRO)
Mixed Method
Quantitative

-Quantitative-

Dyad
Grounded theory
Phenomenology
Credibility
Focus Group
Interpretivist

Transferability

Divisio Group
Discussion Dependability
Confirmablity
Delphi method (CTDC)
Ethnography
Netnography

n
Phenomenograph
Bracketing

Organizations Industry
y
Intuition
Action research
Qualitative

(noema &
noesis)
Pragmatism

Narrative Analysis
Descriptive
Observation (BIAD)
Media analysis
-Qualitative-
Biography
Discourse
Document search
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Discussion
 Revised conceptual vs revised
theoretical model
 Revised hypothesis / proposition
 Limitations
 Achievement of the research
Conclusion objectives
 Research limitation
 Key contribution – theory, social,
practical, policy maker,
methodological, etc
 Future research agenda
 Reference
PROPOSAL DEFENSE & RESEARCH
TIMELINE
• WHEN • SUPERVISOR

• EXAMINER • WHAT’S
NEXT
WHAT’s NEXT?

PUBLICATIONS

PLAGIARISM

VIVA
COMMUNICATE
YOUR RESEARCH
VIVA  Have to be prepared for the both
approach! – can ask SV too if he
knows what approach would the
examiner use.
Chapter  Greet the examiner.
to  Always listen to the questions from
the external and internal carefully,
Chapter before answer the question.
Approach  Always give a short answer and
precise. But do explain more in
detail when they asked.
 Never apologize for any lack of the
Random thesis. But do admit there is a
Approach mistake but tell the examiner,
Thank you and I’m aware of it.
 Any lacking in this thesis gonna be
my limitation.
 VIVA checklist
Email : noraida@unikl.edu.my
dr.naar3980@gmail.com

Page : PhD Mosaic


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