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Measurement of Contrast to Noise Ratio

by ASTM E 2698

Noise • CNR shall be measured in the


I=contrast 4T hole for proof of image quality.
• A minimum CNR of 2.5 is
required by ASTM E 2698.
• This value needs to be revised!

ASTM E 1025

I CNR = 6.7
C = I = 473
Noise = 71
SNR = 155
May 2011,
Zscherpel et al. Film Replacement in Radiography 15

Operator Based Visibility of IQIs


and Influence of Image Sharpness
and Hole Diameter
Contrast of the radiographic image of a

The Visibility of indications is


based on the principle of
„Scene Brightness“

The threshold (PT), at which


we see (percept) an indication
is given below:
flat bottom hole

PT = d ▪ CNR

with d = Diameter
Diameter of flat bottom hole

May 2011,
Zscherpel et al. Film Replacement in Radiography 16