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OptoLink International Edition (OLIE)

is a quarterly magazine published
by the Photonics Industry and Industry News
Technology Development
Association (PIDA). 6 Eco TW - TPE
10 Eco TW - KHH
13 Taiwanese Troops behind Apple's iPad
5F., No. 9, Roosevelt Road, Sec. 2.,
Taipei, Taiwan, 10093. 16 The Current Development of Taiwan PV Application
Tel.: +886-2-2396-7780
Fax: +886-2-2341-4559
Exhibition Watch
PFT & Display Taiwan 2010 Bring on the Best of
20 Taiwan Photonics Industry
Frank Ma, CEO of PIDA From Green Photonics to Low Carbon Society -
Editorial Team: 26 International Green Photonics Forum will be held by
Angel Chiou, Dan Guo, PIDA
Murphy Lin, Stephy Chen,
Illuminating a World of Opportunity - Photonics in
Karen Ho, Deaphne Kuo,
Jason Lu, Emily Hu
28 Canada
Scottish Optoelectronics Association - Supporting
Art Designer: 37 Optoelectronics in Scotland

Director of Market & Company Profiles

Bussiness Division:
Ryan Chung
41 BOE Looking Ahead to a Greener Economy
Sales Contact:
Ginger Chen, Allen Lee,
44 TTRI to Perfectly Integrate Technology and Textile
Pamela Hsiao,
Cathy Zhang, Ben Tsai,
Henry Nieh, Jerry Lee

Christine Chen

Simon Huang

Editorial Submissions:
Angel Chiou
08 21 30

Tales of Two Cities—

New Looks of an ECO TAIWAN

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 7


Taipei— A City Showing its

By Dan Guo

nyone who is familiar with Taipei will Building certification, the Beitou branch is designed
notice the changes Taipei has been through with environment-friendly architecture. It is a two-
in recent years. Not only served as the story building constructed with wooden structure
political center of Taiwan, Taipei is working that looks like a tree house. The Beitou branch plays
its way to become a greener city for all its citizens. an important role in improving the environment with
From the public construction, the world-renowned energy and water saving efforts. Its roof is equipped
101 skyscraper, the International Flora Exposition, to with a rainwater collection system that helps conserve
the new street lights, a green image of Taipei is taking water by gathering rainfall, which is then used to
shape. flush the library’s toilets. The lightweight material of
The followings are a few landmarks demonstrating the roof and solar panels are designed to use solar
the transitions of Taipei in becoming a new “eco city.” energy, which in turn generates electricity for the
Taipei Public Library Beitou The facility provides over 20,000 books of various
Branch languages, among them Chinese and English are the
Beitou has been famous for its hot spring for two mostly used. Visitors can peruse at their leisure.
a long time, and now it has a new landmark – the Aside from its brilliant design on consideration of
public library. With its ecological and aesthetic ecological conservation, the library is worth visiting
design, Beitou branch of the Taipei Public Library has for its architectural uniqueness.
earned the name of “Taiwan’s first ‘green’ library.” The entire building, including the walls, stairways
Awarded “Diamond” from Taiwan’s EEWH Green and furniture, are all made of wood. Large French

Fig.1 Beitou branch of the Taipei Public Library

Courtesy: PIDA

8 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2


s Green Perspecve
windows on all four sides let the sunlight and warm themselves, thereby achieving the goal of protecting
breeze in and helps cut electricity usage and enhance our precious Earth in all its unique beauty.
the existing spaciousness of the library. Come visit Three new expo pavilions designed specifically
the public library, for enriching your body and soul for the 2010 Taipei International Flora Exposition—
with an ecological experience. “Pavilion of Future,” “Pavilion of Life” and “Pavilion
of Dream” are built by Chang Ching-hwa, the same
2010 Taipei International Flora architect who designed the Beitou branch of the
Exposition Taipei Public Library. As stated by Taipei City Mayor
The 2010 Taipei International Flora Exposition Hau Lung-bin, the architect adopted large amount
(the 2010 Taipei Int’l Flora Expo) is set to open on of reusable materials and new construction methods
November 6th, 2010 in Taipei. It will be the first such for the pavilions, seeking to obtain green building
internationally recognized exposition to take place certificates for them. For example, the pavilions are
in Taipei. Featuring a theme of “Rivers, Flowers, also powered by solar panels – making them the city’s
New Horizons,” the Expo will include 14 exhibition largest energy-saving facility.
pavilions spread across an area of 91.8 hectares. Chang said she seeks to create an environment
The exhibition pavilions are poised to showcase where people and spaces can interact harmoniously.
notable achievements in horticulture, science, and To achieve this goal, she kept the height of the halls
environmental protection technology. According to lower than surrounding trees, populated the rooftops
the organizer, its aim is to inspire visitors to embrace and walls with vegetations, and rearranged the trails
new ideas and implement green practices for within the park so tourists can walk to the top of the

Fig.2 Illustrated views of exposition pavilions in the 2010 Taipei Int’l Flora Expo

Courtesy: 2010 Taipei Int’l Flora Expo

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 9


Fig.3 Night scene of Taipei 101

Courtesy: Taipei City Government Information Office

roof – a great place for plane spotting. The Taipei Financial Center Corporation expects
Taipei 101 to become “the paradigm in the energy-
Taipei 101 Vying for Tallest Green saving effort.”
The Taipei 101 skyscraper is applying for LEED National Chiang Kai Shek
Gold certification as part of efforts to make it the Memorial Hall illuminated by
tallest green building in the world. According to
Taipei Financial Center Corp., the operator of As a major tourist site in Taipei city, the National
Taipei 101, Taipei 101 has been undergoing many Chiang Kai-shek (CKS) Memorial Hall was built as
changes recently, with a total of US$1.89 million a memento for the former President of the Republic
invested for installing LED lights and adjusting its air of China named Chiang Kai-shek. This monument
conditioning systems. is surrounded by a park, a large square that also
Although Taipei 101 has receded its “the world’s includes the National Concert Hall and National
tallest skyscraper” crown to the Burj Dubai, now Theater. In echoing the eco concept promoted by
Taipei 101 is aiming to be the Earth’s greenest the Taipei City government, the CKS Memorial Hall
building. The owners of Taipei 101 are teaming up works its way to save energy and to reduce carbon
with SL+A International Asia Inc., Siemens and emission by switching to LED lighting.
EcoTech International Inc. to complete the eco- Sponsored by Everlight, the CKS Memorial Hall
upgrades. has replaced its 456 traditional lamps surrounding the
Besides upgrades to the major energy systems monument into LED lamps. Everlight provides high
used inside the building for heating, cooling and quality and durable LED chips and accompanying
ventilation, lighting will be upgraded, and food in fixtures to do the makeover before the Chinese New
the restaurants will be more efficiently used to avoid Year 2010. With the new LED lighting upgrades,
waste. Other improvements include low-e glass, waste the CKS Memorial Hall has been given a more eco
recycling, a gray water system and building energy look than ever. It also serves to demonstrate the LED
management. industry strength of the Taiwan photonics industry.

10 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2


LED Lights in 228 Peace Memorial

In order to reflect the industr y’s need to
commercialize the LED, as well as to put into effect
the Energy-Saving and Carbon-Reduction Action
Plan, Taiwan’s central and local governments
collaborated with a number of industry players.
This led to an announcement in December 2008 to
set up three exclusive demonstration areas, making
it abundantly clear that the government wants to
nurture the LED industry.
The three demonstration areas are located
in Taipei city and include 228 Peace Memorial
Park, Fuzhou Street and Nanyiang Street and its
neighborhood. In 228 Peace Memorial Park, an LED
lighting landscape, plus a garden control system and Fig.4 The CKS Memorial Hall with LED lamps
Courtesy: Everlight
accessories, were adopted to showcase the impressive
grand sight down at Kaidagelan Boulevard. Around
Fuzhou Street, LED outdoor street bulbs were used
to light up the roadway. In the neighborhood of
Nanyiang Street LED lighting fixture were designed
to beam down on the paving.

Fig.5 LED lighting demonstration

Courtesy: PIDA

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 11


Fig. 1 Asia’s largest PV tourist boat made its debut on Love River, Kaohsiung.
Courtesy: Transportation Bureau, Kaohsiung City

Kaohsiung— Green Fu-

ture, Eco Metropolis
By Angel Chiou

nown as the Harbor Capital of Taiwan, solar energy and the reducing energy consumption
Kaohsiung City is one of the earliest up to 3/4 of the conventional petrol-driven boats.
developed places in Taiwan history and The solar boat can carry 36 passengers and feature
is the second largest city on the island. no pollution and low noise. The PV modules that are
Kaohsiung was once famous for its export processing installed on the boat’s roof provide an additional 25%
and industrial development, which leads to quite energy saving on an average sunny day. According to
amount of CO2 emission in the city. With years of Kwo-Tsai Wang, Director-general of Transportation
Kaohsiung City Government’s efforts, Kaohsiung Bureau, Kaohsiung City, the sunshine hour in
has been successfully transformed into a modern Kaohsiung is up to 2,072 hours per year. After 9-hour
metropolis, as well as a greener city. sunlight exposure, the boat can cruise over 9 hours
with its six full-charged ecological lithium batteries.
Tourist Boats on Love River Although the solar boat costs 7.47 million NTD, it
In early February, the largest solar boat in also saves Kaohsiung City Government 30 thousand
Asia made its shiny debut on the Love River, NTD for petrol per month. Kaohsiung government
Kaohsiung. The solar tourist boat makes its appeal to has decided to invest 37 million NTD to build five
environmental friendliness by replacing petrol with solar boats and phase out the conventional boats.

12 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2


Fig.2 Kaohsiung Arena under construction.

Courtesy: Construction Office, Public Works Bureau, Kaohsiung
City Government

Featuring power-saving and environment-friendly,

the solar boat presents one of the best example that
combines photovoltaic technology and application.

Kaohsiung Arena
Built in 2004, Kaohsiung Arena is a multi-
functional gymnasium with a seating capacity of
15,000 spectators that meets citizens’ needs in sports
games, performances, exhibitions, and recreation.
The arena cooperated with the “Green Building
Program” from the Executive Yuan to accord with
the 4 indicators of green buildings— water resource,
Fig.3 Kaohsiung World Game Stadium is the most
daily energy saving, indoor environment, and sewage
notable green landmark in Kaohsiung
and sold waste. The roof of the arena installed Courtesy: Kaohsiung Organizing Committee (KOC)
photovoltaic panels that generate 4,400 kW per year
for the arena to use. Also, the rainwater catchment
system on the roof has 1,800 tons of holding capacity
to collect and store rainwater runoffs for later use.

Kaohsiung World Game Stadium

Kaohsiung World Game Stadium opened last July
as the main venue for the competitions of the World
Games 2009 in Kaohsiung. The stunning building
is designed by the Japanese architect Toyo Ito in
accordance with ecological requirements of green
buildings, making it simultaneously a sport arena as
well as a solar power station.
The stadium’s roof consists of 8,844 photovoltaic
panels on a surface area of 14,155 m2, and can Fig. 4 Kaohsiung World Game Stadium during night
generate 1.14 GW per year, which equals to reducing Courtesy: DelSolar Co., Ltd.

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 13


660 tons of annual carbon dioxide output, or planting So far, this stunning building is the largest PV
33 hectare of trees. The electricity generated by installation in Taiwan, as well as the world’s first
the sun can provide up to 70% energy need of the stadium that offers power of solar energy.
stadium during days that competitions take place,
and can be fed into the grid in common days. Star Place
Unlike most other constructions, Kaohsiung Star Place, also called Talees Department Store,
World Game Stadium mainly uses recyclable and is known for its LED façade. The curvy glass façade
high efficient materials to lesson CO2 emission of the building combines with LED lighting to create
and industrial waste during the engineering. The over 30 changes of light. According to source, the
roof structure installs spiral steel girders to reduce electricity costs only NTD 350 per day. The façade of
half steels and CO2 emission in comparison of the Star Place is also the largest LED wall in Asia.
traditional engineering. Also, all materials of the
stadium’s main structure are made in Taiwan to
reduce the cost of transportation and CO2.

Fig. 5 Star Place is the largest LED wall in Asia.

Courtesy: PIDA

14 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2


Taiwanese Troops
Behind Apple’s iPad

pple Inc. ascertained in early March that its one thing for sure that the key to Apple’s new success
new tablet device iPad will go on sale in US hinges on its indispensable partners in Taiwan. It
stores on the first Saturday in April and in is because Apple, like many of the international
other countries after few weeks. The launch personal computer and consumer electronics brand
date is few days later than originally Apple announced vendors, doesn’t manufacture products. Instead, it
to put it on the market. The legend creator didn’t teams up with professional makers to assemble the
specify any reason for the delay of the iPad, but an gimmick designed by Apple.
analyst attributed to a “production problem” at an iPad
manufacturer in Taiwan. The Taiwanese Troop
Although experts who watch the market for a long As always, Apple mutes on questions with regard
time have been uncertain whether the iPad will be to its tight parts suppliers, be it a panel maker, flash
a smash hit like the iPod, which so far controls over memory vendor or crystal producer, but buzzwords
70 percent of the market for MP3 players, they know flied fast and furious after Apple’s showcase in San

Fig.1 iPad, an innovative device launched by Apple, is believed to again ignite a

revolution in FPD industry.

Courtesy: Apple Inc.

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 15


Francisco. People familiar with the giant say main suppliers for iPad components as possible has been a key driver of its
likely include Foxconn International Holdings Ltd., the trade name profitability.
of the Taiwan-based firm Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., the largest Apple’s Taiwanese allies blossomed in the 1990s
manufacturer of electronics and computer components worldwide making notebooks for branded customers by costing
by revenue; Wintek Corporation, small- to medium-size LCD panel down and delivering orders quickly from across
maker headquartered in the central city of Taichung, and etc. (see Table the entire supply chain, first in northern Taiwan
1) and more recently in China. Almost all of Apple’s
Backed up by the powerful manufacturing forces, Apple provides contract manufacturers in Taiwan are considered one
more services beyond comparison just to differentiate itself from of the best in each subsector. For example, Foxconn
competitors who focus on process cost-down. As stated by David Yoffie, International Holdings Ltd., who produces and
a professor of Harvard Business School, Apple’s decision to outsource assembles a wide range of components for tier-one
all manufacturing and to incorporate as many industry-standard players, is the largest manufacturer of electronics
components worldwide by revenue. Analysts believe
that Apple accounts for at least 20% of its 2009
Table 1 Apple’s Taiwanese troop revenue, equivalent US$ 8.9 billion. Besides, it also
Company name Parts for Apple ships orders for international computer brands such
Foxconn International Holdings Ltd. Module assembly
as Hewlett-Packard Co, Acer Inc and Dell Inc, game
Flexium Interconnect, Inc.
consoles for Sony Corp. and Microsoft Corp., etc.
Flexible printed circuit board (PCB)
Foxconn PCB Group Founded in 1974, Foxconn was a manufacturer
Unimicron Technology Corp.
of plastic products, in particular connectors. With
Nan Ya PCB Corp.
Printed circuit board (FPCB)
Tripod Technology Corp. a more-than-a-decade migration from a local
Compeq Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, to an
Sintek Photronic Corp.
Touch panel sensor international partner, Foxconn has established several
Wintek Corp.
Simplo Technology Co., Ltd. bases of operations and manufacturing plants across
Dynapack International Technology Corp.
the world. Among others, Foxconn Longhua in south
FoxLink Co., Ltd.
Advanced-Connectek, Inc. Cable assemblies China is now the company’s largest site, with allegedly
Wanshih Electronic Co., Ltd. more than 300,000 employees.
Novatek Microelectronics Corp. Ltd Display driver IC Even if every list created by each tech analyst
Chaun-Choung Technology Corp. Thermal module as the result of sector coverage for years intakes
Yageo Corp. different names, most of them include old faces such
Cyntec Co., Ltd. Passive component
MAG.Layers Secientific-Technics Co.,Ltd
as Catcher Technology Co., since establishment in
FoxconnTechnology Co., Ltd 1984 focusing on stainless-metal casing that has
Alloy die-castings
Catcher Technology Co., Ltd. been commonly popular for cell phones and NBs;
Coretronic Corp. Backlight module Unimicron Technology Corp., the world’s largest
G-Tech Optoelectronics Corp. Cover glass manufacturer of printed circuit board for use on cell
Shin Zu Shing Co., Ltd. phones, and Yageo Corp., a global manufacturer for
Jarllytec Co. Ltd. Hinge
passive component.
United Alloy-Tech. Company

TXC Corporation Crystal

New Products, New Materials,
Darfon Corp. Notebook keyboard New Partners
A-DATA Technology Memory Additionally, given that iPad is a “revolutionary”
Source: PIDA compiled device as it represents an entirely new product

16 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2


category between the laptop computer and the Even though analysts stress that the true
smartphone, according to Apple CEO Steve Jobs, component mix will be discovered until April 3,
several new names emerge as major strategic partners when Apple begins shipping the device and fanatical
who can sufficiently support Apple with new suitable geeks disassemble it so see the names inside, those
materials. companies on the list have grabbed professional
Flexium Interconnect is one of professional investors’ attention because the shipment for this year
flexible PCB makers founded in Kaohsiung, the is expected to be between 3 million to 10 million.
second largest city in Taiwan, specializing in the Some are even bullish on a higher forecast “given
niche product for high speed communication devices, iPad’s competitive pricing.”
smartphone in particular. According to industry
sources, thanks to the increasing popularity of Upcoming Price War?
Apple’s smartphone, the company was incorporated According to Apple, the iPad will be sold in
in qualified vendors for iPhone. Following a rational various models priced between US$499 and US$829,
line, upbeat analysts are confident in the potential a price range analysts say might start too cheap
growth of Flexium because the demand for flexible for Taiwan because some local own-branded tech
PCBs used in iPad is expected to increase by 50%, companies have already worked out their own tablet
compared to iPhone. computers with a basic cost of more than US$600.
The other new material applied in iPad is Local newspaper cited some senior managers at
the strengthened glass which is rumored as the Asustek Computer Inc., who created the Eee netbook
“ringleader” of the delay because the notoriously model in late 2008 and set fire to a price war at below
quality-conscious Apple wants to guarantee one US$499 have concerns that any profitably will be
hundred percent customer satisfaction, according to driven out of the nascent tablet PC market, before it
a Taiwanese analyst who declined to be named. The even has a chance to take off.
responsibility taker goes to G-Tech Optoelectronics Some skeptical analysts say that results in another
Corp., another Foxconn subsidiary, whose glass problem which is that me-too products might not
strengthening is granted after a throughout attract consumers who are craving for brand new
validation. stuff. If so, they look to the 2010 shipment of merely
Another Asian supplier may be benefited 1~1.2 million units, which is a target far away from
by iPad is Sintek Photronic Corp., who starts as general expectation.
color filter provider for TFT-LCD panel makers Nevertheless, when iPad debuted its first-ever
such as Hanstar Co. Ltd., and gradually steps into iPad TV advertisement during the 2010 Oscars on
touch panel field by producing ITO sensor glass. March 7, in which a person is using the iPad in a
Sintek has managed to nibble up the market of the variety of way— changing direction from upright
touch screen since Microsoft announced to launch to lateral on the fly, opening different applications
Microsoft’s of operating systems Windows 7. It from iBooks, videos, to various pages. Analysts tend
expanded manufacturing capacity in China to meet to applaud the move for a great effect because the
the potential demand triggered by the new OS. annual grand event is simultaneously watched by a
Analysts consider Sintek as key beneficiaries because vast majority of millions of viewers. Between now
its technique of the glass-type capacitive touch and then, the world is holding its breath for the after
technology demonstrates more superior to rivals in effect of iPad.
the film-type technology, as well as its advantage of
strong alliance with panel makers.

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 17


The Current Development

of Taiwan PV Application
by Melinda Ming

aiwanese suppliers have massive adoption Besides having alternative production hubs in
of solar PV systems for on-grid and off-grid China, suppliers are also do the vertical investment
applications, such as bus-stops, domestic or “merger and acquisition” with business partners to
and industrial buildings (i.e. residences capitalize on capabilities. Delta Electronics founded
and stadiums), traffic signals, marine navigation DelSolar, for instance, as a window out-looking to
aids, remote lighting, and so on. Other than grid-tied solar industry; investment cases like TSMC buys
systems, standalone consumer goods are even more into Motech and AU Optronics increases cash into
popular among the suppliers; calculators, watches/ M.Setek that shocked market ever. UMC, another
clocks, toys, battery chargers, backpacks, water Taiwanese semiconductor giant, to unveil a new solar
sprinklers, generators, sun roofs for automobiles, plant in Q3 2010, rumored in market.
lighting, etc. Despite many PV makers claimed production for
Among consumer goods, solar lights embedded all technologies, it is hard to achieve manufacturing
in LED/LCD are seen promising in the industry. it in-house with lower price. That is how Taiwanese
Significant numbers of Taiwanese manufacturers suppliers jumped out to make shipments increasing:
stick on the product line, most of them are small- toll processing, certainly an old measure the business
sized (less than 250 employees) with expertise in the does. Contract manufacturing or so-called outsource
field. On the other hand, top-tier makers are focused allows the suppliers processing cells or modules for
on grid-tied projects based on robust government their clients, sometimes to provide total solution
support through policies, feed-in-tariff schemes, or turn-key project, whichever goes better cost-
and other deployment programs in developed controlling. Basically, the industry is believed moving
areas, where on-grid domestic system attracts most from a seller’s to a buyer’s market, since Q2 2010.
attention for homes and businesses.
Snapshot of PV Players
Strength of Taiwan Gintech Energ y, one of leading provider
Although consumer goods are preferred the engaged in the development and manufacturing
most, grid-tied PV application still dominated the of multicrystalline and monocrystalline PV cells,
majority of shipments. Unlike downcast in 2009, PV it mainly exports to utility grid in Europe and
systems shipped from Taiwan in 2010 is expected to specializes in grid-tied applications for its German
soar. Product from the island features competitive client. Its process technology transferred from
price (cell or module), while product from the rest of European PV suppliers, and its capacity this year
the world does not. Not to mention some Taiwanese anticipated up to 810MW, 80 to 90 percent increased
giant enterprises have long ago built plants in China over 2009. As of the interview, its total amount of
that gives them a distinct advantage over counterparts order reached 700 MW, which came from the lower
from other regions. cost of raw materials and the state of art automated

18 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2


production equipment for a high performance million KW hours of electricity, annually.

product. However, it takes about five to ten years to complete the installation
Solartech Energy is a solar energy provider at all. So the government also plans together with establishment of solar
engaged in manufacture and distribution of power plants by private investors, hopefully the project runs faster and
multicrystalline and monocrystalline PV cells as well creates multiply annual capacity.
as wholesaling and retailing of electronic materials. The first shot was a stadium that hosted the 2009 World Games in
While 2009 supposed the darkest year in Taiwan Kaohsiung, a southern city of Taiwan. A total of 8,844 solar panels were
solar industry, it surprised market by making sales employed to cover 14,155 square meters of the stadium’s roof, as Figure
profitable. As shipments continuously undergoing, 1 shows. It was built by Delta Electronics, a Taiwan-based provider
its capacity is anticipated to go up to 360MW and specializing in power management solutions. The stadium is the first
doubled over 2009. Flooded with orders, the supplier work that Delta Electronics hit the solar market in BIPV project ever.
shifts some to its subsidiary in China, and newly Determined to be a main player in the market, the maker spends 290
targets Japan market other than Europe. million US dollars via its subsidiary DelSolar on a new solar cell plant,
Meanwhile, the maker completed a private equity as local government moves towards to renewable energy perspective.
placement in Q1 2010, attracted the chair Wang Another example of on-grid application is the first solar powered
(a daughter of Formosa Plastics Group: FPG’s late bus stop, located in Taipei County, northern city of Taiwan (shown
founder Y.C. Wang) of HTC personally participated in Figure 2). It is embedded in thin-film PV modules and LCD light
in NT$500 million (US$15 million, 1:32) via its bulbs, cost about NT$2 million (US$62,500, 1:32), estimated to reduce
investment, ten percent of Solartech’s holdings after 1,059 kilograms of carbon emissions, equivalent to 212 trees survive
capital induction. It makes the company indirectly from logs, annually. The PV panels were provided by Sun Well Solar,
affiliated with FPG, one of the earliest investing in a subsidiary of CMC Magnetics, a producer of a-Si thin-film PV
power grid in Taiwan. modules, recently obtained a NT$4 billion (US$125 million, 1:32)
Neo Solar Power, a crystalline PV maker, went to order from Chinese government of Nanjing City, as the only partner for
public in just Q1 2010. Despite the German reduce developing PV system installation for farmers’ rooftops of greenhouses.
feed-in-tariffs; the supplier forecasts its PV shipments Besides to grid-tied PV applications, automotive industry is
to be optimistic this year by expanding its capacity
from 240 MW in Q4 2009, to 600 MW mid of 2010.
Other than Europe, the supplier turns to focus on
Japan market, where the subsidies newly resumed this
year. On the other hand, the supplier continuously
provides on-grid domestic applications, such as
BIPV, to its Dutch client Scheuten Solar, a PV system
integrator headquartered in the Netherlands.
Besides providing PV products to overseas,
Taiwan is in an endeavor to increase the use of solar
energy and cut carbon emissions, by taking feed-
in-tariffs based on Renewable Energy Development
Act. It is expected to drive the market for grid-tied
solar PV system installations for both distributed and
centralized power plants. One of the measures is to
take rooftops.

Government-based Projects to
Enhance Domestic Demand
Lunched in 2009, the “100,000 solar roofs
program” is to encourage the locals to turn their Fig. 1 The main stadium of 2009 World Games in Kaohsi-
ung installed 8,844 solar panels to generate 1.14 million
rooftops into solar powered; the incentive is the 280 kWh per year.
million dollars subsidization. If the project works, Courtesy: archiCentral, Fu Tsu Construction Co., Ltd, Kaohsiung
it will create capacity of 60 MW, equivalent to 72 Organizing Committee (KOC), Kaohsiung City Government

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 19


Fig. 1 The main stadium of 2009 World Games in Fig.3 ITRI’s IECEE Certified Photovoltaic
Kaohsiung installed 8,844 solar panels to generate Testing Lab can provide testing service for
1.14 million kWh per year. gen 8.5 PV modules
Courtesy: Taipei County Government Courtesy: ITRI

another potential for Taiwanese suppliers. Gloria Solar International When Germany is reducing feed-in tariffs for
Holding, (GIH) for example, is a supplier of monocrystalline ingots, domestic PV system installations, Japan has taken its
BIPV modules, and specialty panels for automobiles. Stakeholders place becoming the world’s largest PV market after
of the company are E-Ton Solar Tech and Yulon Motor, the leading announcing to resume subsidization on solar panel.
solar power solution provider and the only Taiwanese automaker, However, the US and China stand a better chance of
respectively. leading the rest on the market, in terms of population.
While many gone for the “mainstream,” there is always some trying As the governments plan to adopt feed-in tariffs or
the niche market. Nanowin Technology specializes in the solar thin equivalent policies, are therefore likely to beat the
film technology: CIGS (copper-indium-gallium-selenide) is a provider Europe and Japan in total PV installation capacity.
of CIGS turn-key solution that is the world’s first single source CIGS Taiwan is geographically advantaged of exporting
deposition technology. Another maker, Jenn Feng New Energy, has to its neighborhood; most of interviewed suppliers
landed a NT$163.2 billion (US$51 million, 1:32) order from China, for claim that Japan market is the target for H2 2010,
a CIGS thin-film PV module production line with an annual capacity while the real battlefield to take over for Taiwanese
of 30MW; the first shipment to begin in Q3 2010. PV systems is China.
Backing up private investments to solar industry, as well as fulfilling In brief, Taiwan’s solar industry in second half
the commitment to reduce carbon emission, Taiwan-government- of 2010 is believed to be occupied by on-grid PV
owned ITRI launched IECEE Certified Photovoltaic Testing Lab, which application, while it is beneficial of strong government
provides producers of PV modules to conduct IEC 61215 testing in policies in feed-in-tariffs or equivalents. Meanwhile,
the island. The lab is the first in Taiwan and conducts 80% of its testing some suppliers aggressively process vertical
system in-house developed by its own research team. Meanwhile, the integration to reduce negotiation cost and create a
lab also provides local suppliers world-class testing for 8.5G large-scale better business model, in terms of lower inventory
thin film PV module (see Figure 3). levels; many others happen to focus on specific fields
of the supply chain by offering particular segment
Conclusion of products. It is believed that specialization will be
In conclusion, solar power is believed in the coming decade to be the principle over the years; products feature either
the renewable energy most preferred in the region to combat climate standardization (i.e. off-grid products, consumer
change. As more end-users are willing to adopt clean and pollution- goods, etc.) or customization (i.e. BIPV, sun roofs for
free energy technologies, where the largest PV market on earth could automobiles, etc.)
be is always interesting to find out.

20 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

Exhibition Watch

PFT & Display Taiwan 2010

the Best of Taiwan Photoni
by Angel Chiou

n echo of the resurging development of Taiwan world’s largest, while ranking second in value. On
Photonics industry, the latest Photonics Festival the other hand, the capacity of Taiwan solar cell tops
in Taiwan/Display Taiwan incarnation will be on the world’s third largest with 3,285 MW, while the
stage with the largest scale ever. More than 600 production value ranks No.4 worldwide. Taking pride
exhibitors have registered for the Photonics Festival in such outstanding performance, Taiwan industry
in Taiwan and Display Taiwan. The space booked players again bring on the best in Photonics Festival
in the Taipei World Trade Center Exhibition Hall 1, in Taiwan 2010.
second floor, and TICC exceeds that of the previous Filled with key manufacturers, LED Lighting
show in 2009 to reach 1,580 booths. Taiwan is a must-see exposition in 2010. Not only will
Grouping four exhibitions— OPTO/ LED the big brand name companies such as Osram, Cree,
Lighting/ SOLAR/ OPTICS Taiwan, the prominent Philips Lumileds and Panasonic exhibit their latest
photonic event is set to launch during June 9th to and innovative product, leading LED manufacturers
11th 2010. This year’s Photonics Festival in Taiwan including Epistar, LiteOn, Everlight, Edison, Delta,
again reflects the unstoppable trend to “GO GREEN.” Kingbright, Tyntek, Neo-neon, Topco Sientific,
Through the specially-organized areas such as “Green Oasistek, and Forepi will also present the complete
Photonics Cluster” and “Taiwan HCPV Cluster range of lighting technologies, together showing the
Zone” photonic technologies that help save energy, bright performance of Taiwan’s LED industry.
lower pollution, generate or conserve energy will be The impact of several China’s LED installation
fully presented. The other spotlights of the exposition project is apparent in whole LED industry and
will be shown in “Advanced Photonics Research makes cooperation with China LED companies
Zone,” “Touch Panel Zone,” “E-paper Zone,” and an important issue than ever. This year the show
“Outstanding Photonics Product Award,” showing organizer PIDA invites China Semiconductor
new ideas and technical solutions from all areas of Lighting Industrialization Base to come attend LED
photonics and from all over the world. Lighting Taiwan to spark off cross-strait cooperation.
Also, with the positive response from last year, the
LED Lighting Taiwan 2010: the Cross Strait Photonics Show in Photonics Festival
Booming Business in Taiwan will continue to serve as a networking
Taiwan’s LEDs and solar cells have managed to platform to bring out future connections for both
capture leading positions worldwide. China and Taiwan manufacturers.
Taiwan LED production volume stands as the Apart from the show, a special LED lighting night

22 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

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0 Bring on
ics Industry
tour is arranged in Taiwan’s landmark skyscraper—
Taipei 101. Taipei 101 had announced to seek gold-
level LEED certification to be the world’s tallest green
building, and one of its approaches is to replace
its lighting system into LED lights. The night tour
in Taipei 101 not only displays the GREEN image
of Taiwan, but demonstrates Taiwan’s strength in
industry integration among upstream manufacturing
to downstream application.

Solar Taiwan 2010: A Greener

Again in this year, exhibitors of Solar Taiwan
2010 will bring out the development leaps in PV Further, Solar Taiwan 2010 will bring together
technologies. Well-known companies including the three most important science parks in the specific
Pillar, M-Com, Nisshinbo, Veeco, and Edwards come area “Green Photonics Cluster.” This cluster features
to the show to prove their market potential and the synergy and cluster effect among industry players.
competitiveness. This gather-up not only make the Exhibitors in this area include Delsolar, Lof Solar,
show a carnival of edge-cutting component, material, Gintech, CNJT, King Enertech, Coretronic. “Taiwan
equipment, and technologies in current PV industry, HCPV Cluster Zone,” on the other hand, represents
but also enhance the cooperation between local and comprehensive industry chain of Taiwan HCPV
global PV industry. industry in miniature with a real HCPV system
Regarding Taiwan’s strength in research and on site. Exhibitors will include Arima Eco Energy,
development, it is best demonstrated through the Everphoton, PCM, M-Com and INER.
specially-planned initiatives “Advanced Photonics
Research Zone.” Over 150 Conference Topics
This zone presents the most pioneering photonic 2010 Market & Technology Trend Conference
technologies developed from Taiwan academia, is scheduled to be held with Photonics Festival in
serving a channel to connect industry players and Taiwan and Display Taiwan exhibitions and features
academia. renowned speaker from all around the world.

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 23

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In the 6th International Conference in LED Carbon Society” addresses issues on how photonics
Lighting Taiwan 2010, speakers and hosts from technologies are used to improve the sustainability of
Osram, Cree, Delta, Philips, and Nichia will give environment worldwide. Speakers of the forum are
insightful analysis on topics over all facets of LED key persons from OITDA, OIDA, EPIC, SOA, and
technologies and market trends. To name a few, OpTech-Net to share their experiences in promoting
the technical adviser of the international program green photonic technologies.
“Lighting Africa” which provides lamps for children
in Africa will bring a whole new market view to all Display Taiwan 2010, Display
participants. the Future of FPD
As LED is getting closer to end users’ market, Display Taiwan 2010, Asia’s leading trade fair for
LED’s success hinges on the cooperation and flat panel display and technology, opens its doors
integration of players among different fields. In 2010 concurrently with Photonics Festival in Taiwan
Vertical Integration Strategies in Solid State Lighting, during June 9th to 11th as the only innovation
experts from LED, architecture, interior design, platform of its kind. Over 200 exhibitors amounting
and fixtures will all gather up to talk over strategies to about 550 booths will again position Taiwan as the
of vertical integration in Solid State Lighting. production base in the FPD industry.
Meanwhile, speakers in Forum of Cooperation This year’s Display Taiwan includes some exciting
Opportunities of Cross-Strait Photonics Industry will and significant progress in display imaging and
deliver the market potential in China photonic field. some innovative products. Touch panel and E-paper,
In the 4th International Conference in Solar with an explosive growth in 2010, are set to specific
Taiwan 2010, speakers over Taiwan, Japan, Korea, zones to demonstrate the surging market. Touch
and China is going to share with the audience their Panel Zone will be clustered with companies of
thoughts on the current regional PV development. the whole spectrum of touch panel industry chain,
Updates on advancement of edge-cutting technologies while Taiwan-based companies taking charge of
such as CIGS, H, c-Si, HCPV, polysilicon will also a four mainstream E-paper technologies will gather
can-not-miss session during the exposition. up in the E-paper Zone to showcase the current
In response to the “GO GREEN” theme in the breakthrough of each technology. Other key
show, the International Green Photonics Forum highlights exhibits include 3D, OLED, large-sized
with the topic “From Green Photonics to Low displays, and materials and components of the related
areas. Leading companies in FPD industry such as
AUO, CPT, Corning, 3M, NAKAN, Elan, PVI, SPG,
and Nissan Chemical are expected to bring the most
edge-cutting technologies and products in the 2010
Besides the attractions of the trade show, the
crowds will also be drawn by Display Taiwan 2010
Business & Technology Forum which takes place
in conjunction with the exposition. Speakers from
leading companies will engage in a spirited in-depth
discussion surrounding some of the current trends
in the display market. Also, due to the fast growing
market in China, the organizers plan a special session
targeting market and technological development in
China, inviting speakers from China academia and
industry to update the current status of China FPD

24 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

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The 6th International Conference in LED Lighting Taiwan 2010

Venue:TICC Room 101C

Session Chair:Ru-Shi Liu, Professor, Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan
Session Time Topic / Speaker
09:00 Development & Prospect of Full Color LED Chip on Silicon Substrate
~10:00 Chih-Sung Chang, General Manager, HIGH POWER OPTO INC.
LED_1 Shaping the Future of Lighting: High Power LED & OLED
Matthias Winter, Sales Manager, Taiwan, OSRAM Opto
Tech Semiconductors
Trend New Phosphors for White LEDs
11:30 Naoto Kijima, Senior Researcher, Group Leader, White LED Project,
~12:30 Mitsubishi Chemical Group Science and Technology Research
Center, Inc.
Session Chair:Timothy Yang, Manager, LED BU, Wellypower Optronics CO. LTD.
The Current Status & Impact of Taiwan LED Companies Investing
13:30 in China
~14:30 Shao-Hsu Lu, Industry Analyst, Photonics Industry & Technology
Development Association
LED_2 The Future Outlook of Solid State Lighting in Europe & the U.S.
Ray Chock, Manager, Global Segment Marketing, Philips Lumileds
Industry Lighting Company
Trend LED Technology Development & Related Applications in Korea
Nam Hwang, Director, LED Business Division, Korea Photonics
Technology Institute
Keynote Speech:Introduction to the Lighting Africa Program
Leo Blyth, Technical Advisor, Lighting Africa Program, IFC Advisory

industry. to explore future business opportunities. Over 300

procurement meeting held onsite are expected to
Bringing More Vitality to the bring a strong business demand for Taiwan industry
Industry players.
Apart from the exhibition itself, PIDA also Photonics Festival in Taiwan and Display Taiwan
presents special events such as the Opening 2010 not only show the strong performance of
Ceremony, Outstanding Photonics Product Award, Taiwan photonics industry, but also provide an ideal
Welcome Reception Party, Exhibitors’ Seminar, and promotion platform for global companies. Each year,
Business Match Meeting to help promote this annual more and more buyers from overseas have gathered
event. in the exhibition hall to witness the advancement
In addition to 20 delegations from China will of the Taiwan photonics industry and to seize the
come to join the exposition, 30 international buyers business opportunities there. The two paired events
from Japan, Korea, Singapore, India, Turkey, USA, this year will again constitute a spectacular and
Canada, UAE, Spain, France, Italy, Germany, UK, definitely bring an amazing success for everyone in
and Australia will participate in the show to procure photonic industry.
Taiwan-manufactured LED/PV products as well as

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 25

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Session Chair:Martin Yeh, General Manager, TOA Optronics Corporation
Session Time Topic / Speaker
09:00 Innovative Product Design Inspired by LED Application
~10:00 JC Pan, Senior Manager, Lifestyle Products BU, Qisda Corporation
Invest in LED: Strategies Tackling the Green Wave
Raymond Peng, Assistant Vice President, Research Dept, First Capital
Industry ~11:15
Management Inc.
Our View of Lighting up Streets with LED in G. China
Andrew Lin, Vice President, Business Development, LEOTEK

Session Chair:Masaki Mukaiyama, Director, Sales Division, NICHIA TAIWAN CORPORATION

LED Application on Architecture Lighting

Nigel D’Acre, Director of Strategy, SSL Lums Asia, Lighting, Philips
Electronics Co.
2010 Shanghai World Expo & Taiwan Pavilion with LED Lighting Design
LED_4 James Yuan, Principal, Design department, J.Y. Lighting Design
Lighting & Solid State Lighting Development in India
Building Kopuri, Vijaya Kumar Gupta, Managing Director, Kwality Photonics P
Keynote Speech:Introduction to the Lighting Africa Program
Leo Blyth, Technical Advisor, Lighting Africa Program, IFC Advisory

2010/06/11 (Fri.)
Session Chair:Jacob Tarn, Director, New Business, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing
Campany Limited
Session Time Topic / Speaker
09:00 High Power LED for Street Light Applications
~10:00 Kuan Yew Cheong, Senior Application & Technical Manager, APEC, Cree
Innovative LED lighting technology & related commercialization process
LED_5 10:15 in Japan
~11:15 Masahiro Ogura, Senior Manager, New Lighting System Division, Global
Application Strategic Marketing Promotion Office, Toshiba Corporation
The Energy Star Standards for LED Lighting & the Standards in Taiwan
and China
Frank Hsu, Vice President, ONSET Electro-Optics Co., Ltd.

Session Chair:Fen-Ren Chien, Ph. D., Formosa Epitaxy Incorporation

From IT to ET, the integration strategy in LED Industry
Roland Chiang, Director, Solid-state Lighting Business Unit, Delta
Electronics, Inc.
The Application Trends of LED TV
Franky Lo, Vice President, Project Management Dept. & OEM Sales Dept.,
Application ~15:00
The Applications and Opportunities of LED for Mobile/Micro Projectors
Marcus Wong, Senior Marketing Manager, Visible LED, APAC, OSRAM
Opto Semiconductors

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The 4th International Conference in Solar Taiwan 2010

Venue:TICC Room 101D

Session Time Topic / Speaker
09:00 The Global PV Industry Overview and the Uprising Korean PV Industry/Market
PV_1 ~10:00 Mark Jee, Director, Solar & Energy
10:15 Market and Technology Trends of Concentrating Solar
Market ~11:15 Paula Mints, Associate Director, NAVIGANT Consulting Inc.
Trend 11:30 Long Term Growth in Demand for Solar Energy Shifting from West to East?
~12:30 Ravi Krishnaswamy, Director, Energy & Power Systems, Asia Pacific, Frost & Sullivan
13:30 The Latest Development Chances of PV Industry
~14:30 Su Yu-Li, R&D Manager, POWERCOM Co., Ltd.
14:45 The Development of China PV Industry, and the Prospect of Solar Electricity in China
~15:45 Kit Temple, CEO, ENF Ltd.
Area Market
Industry Status of PV Industry and Market Outlook in Taiwan
Joeng-Shein Chen, Division Director, PVTC, Division of System Innovation and application,
2010/06/10 (Thu.)
09:00 Strategic Development of CIGS Technology in Taiwan
PV_3 ~10:00 Chung-Wen Lan, General Director , Photovoltaics Technology Center, ITRI
10:15 Technology Advantages of CIGS and its Development Trend
Low Cost ~11:15 Ding-Chang, Wang, CEO, PVNext Corporation
CIGS CIGS Commercial Production Breakthroughs and Product Innovations
Technology 11:30 John Patrin, Sr. Director of Business Development and Product Marketing, Veeco
Instruments Inc.
13:30 Technology Development Trends of High Efficiency Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell
PV_4 ~14:30 Yi-Chan Chen, Deputy Division Director, Photovoltaics Technology Center, ITRI
14:45 Approaches for Increasing the Competitiveness of HIT Solar Cells
~15:45 Eiji Maruyama, General Manager, Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
Technology 16:00 Latest Technology of Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells-Toward Large Scale Production
Levien de Lege, Account Manager, Silicon PV, Process Development and Application ECN
Solar Energy
2010/06/11 (Fri.)
Current Situation and Future Development of Thin Film Solar Cell Using in Utility Power
PV_5 Yoshihisa Tawada, Senior Adviser, R&D Planning & Administration Division, Kaneka
Market Best in Class Polysilicon Technology
Competitive Li Li, Vice General Manager, Jiangsu Zhongneng Polysilicon Technology Development Co.,
New Ltd.
Technology 11:30 Market Competitive HCPV
~12:30 Andrew Tzeng, President, Arima EcoEnergy Technologies Corp.
PV_6 13:30 The Green Building Planning and Design for Pavillions of Taipei International Flora Exhibition
~14:30 , Bio Architecture Formosana
Value of 14:45 Integration of Renewable Energy into Smart Grid – Taiwan’s Planning and Development
System ~15:45 Jin-Shyr Yang, Director, Power Research Lab, Taiwan Power Research Institute, TPC
Solutions 16:00 Design and Experience of PV System Using Color Solar Cell in Expo 2010 Shanghai China
~17:00 Huey-Liang Hwang, CEO, Lof Solar Corporation

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 27

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Courtesy: KAPID

From Green Photonics to Low

Carbon Society— Internaonal
Green Photonics Forum will be
held by PIDA
by Angel Chiou

he last time PIDA holding the IOA addresses issues on the combination of photonics
meeting was ten years ago in 2000 and technology and the sustainability of environment.
this time PIDA is going to do something Speakers of this forum are key persons from
different! In addition to the two-day- attendant organizations of the IOA meeting. A brief
run IOA meeting focusing on the production introduction of each speaker is as follow.
trend in optoelectronics/ activity reports from
each organization, and future growth areas in
optoelectronics/ technology roadmap activities, the
host PIDA will invites representatives from these Dr. Peter Shih is the founder as well as the
international organizations to share their thoughts in chairperson of Photonics Industry and Technology
the International Green Photonics Forum in Taiwan. Development Association (PIDA). He has been
The International Green Photonics Forum devoted himself to the area of photonics and laser
in Taiwan will be held on June 11th in Taiwan since 1982, and earned the reputation as “father of
International Convention Center (TICC). The topic photonics.”
“From Green Photonics to Low Carbon Society”

28 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

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Dr. Yasuhisa Odani, Chief Executive

Director of Optoelectronic Industry and Technology
Development Association (OITDA).

Dr. Michael Lebby, is the president and

CEO of Optoelectronics Industry Development
Association (OIDA). His career has spanned all
aspects of the optoelectronics business, from research
and development, operations, manufacturing, and
finance, to sales, marketing, and investing. He holds
more than 175 U.S. issued patents in optoelectronics.
He is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America and
of the IEEE.

Dr. Thomas Pearsalll, General Secretary

of European Photonics Industry Consortium (EPIC),
has worked for Bell Laboratories, Thalès LCR, and
Corning. Dr. Pearsall began to head EPIC since 2002
and is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and
a Fellow of the IEEE.

D r . C h r i s G r a c i e , C E O of S c ott i s h
Optoelectronics Association (SOA) and formally MD Featuring issues that how photonics technologies improve
of the Ferranti and GEC-Marconi Displays Division, environment, the International Green Photonics Forum will
has over 35 years experience in the optoelectronics be concurrently held with Photonics Festival in Taiwan and
industry spanning large companies and SMEs. Display Taiwan, together creating a splendid photonic event.

Dr. Dirk Kalinowski became the Chief

Executive of OpTech-Net since 2001. Among other
things he is currently responsible for the roadmap
development of the PhotoniRoadSME project.

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 29

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Illuminang a World
of Opportunity—
Photonics in Canada
by Canadian Photonics Consortium

Photonics is a $710 billion global industry associated during the high-tech “bubble” of 2000:
that impacts every sector of the economy with the exception of the consumer market, it now
and the daily life of every Canadian. Yet addresses most industry sectors. Automobile and
despite its pervasiveness, this “science of aerospace companies, for example, make extensive
light” has a relatively low profile among our leaders use of photonics. Canada invests strongly in— and
and decision makers. excels at— photonics R&D. However, the research
Canada has approximately 370 photonics is often untargeted, and translation of the outcomes
companies that employ some 20,000 people and into commercial success could be improved.
collectively generate close to $4.5 billion annually— But while Canada creates world-class photonics
approximately 85% from exports. Most of these physicists at the PhD level, a shortage of photonics
companies are subsystem- or system-level integrators technicians and application engineers hampers
of photonics components. the industry’s growth. Most engineers graduating
The nation’s core photonics producer sector from Canadian universities have little exposure to
is firmly rooted in small and medium enterprises photonics, impeding the industry’s ability to adopt
(SMEs) and startups with revenues in the $1 photonics solutions in all sectors. Yet photonics has
million—$10 million range and up to 50 employees great potential to be a significant engine for national
(although there are a handful of larger companies or economic growth.
divisions). These companies range from developers Given greater public and industry awareness, and
and component manufacturers (e.g., of lasers, fiber greater focus on potential key applications in such
optics) to complete photonics-based instruments sectors as energy and the environment (each with a
(cameras, projectors, scanning microscopes). strong domestic demand for photonics solutions),
The industry has migrated away from the Canada is well positioned to leverage its expertise by
telecommunications sector with which it was strongly creating companies with global opportunities.

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Photonics in Canada Today T h e i n d u s t r y i s l e s s d e p e n d e nt o n t h e

Photonics is a $710 billion global industry that telecommunications sector with which it was strongly
impacts every sector of the economy and the daily associated during the high-tech “bubble” of 2000.
life of every Canadian. Canada was an early player Only 20% of companies now address this sector,
in photonics and has established a global presence in though there are a number of successful post-bubble
both research and commercialization. companies that are making an international name.
Today, Canada has approximately 370 photonics Canadian photonics companies create products and
companies that employ some 20,000 people and solutions for almost every industry sector: health care
collectively generate close to $4.5 billion annually— and life sciences, energy, environment, security and
approximately 85% from exports. The United States defence, and industrial processing and monitoring.
is the dominant market, accounting for 50% of The Canadian photonics workforce is highly
revenues. Europe accounts for about a quarter of all educated and contains a high proportion of
sales. A handful of companies gain their revenues professionals. Roughly 40% of the workforce (over
from Asia. 8,000 employees nationwide) is engaged in industrial
Canada’s photonics industry is dominated photonics research and development. This is due to
by small companies. Nearly three-quarters have two factors: first, startup companies typically have a
revenues below $10 million, and close to one quarter predominance of R&D staff; and second, several large
have revenues below $1 million (or are pre-revenue). companies maintain R&D facilities in Canada but
Eighty-five percent of the 370 companies employ manufacture elsewhere.
fewer than 100 employees in total; 30% have fewer Nevertheless, the proportion engaged in
than 10 employees; while only 7% of companies or manufacturing (33%) is high for the technology
divisions have more than 250 employees. sector, implying that many companies still prefer to

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 31

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produce their products in Canada rather than transfer (Quebec) and life sciences (Ontario). Ontario
their assembly operations offshore. Furthermore, dominates the country in both revenues (66%) and
Canada’s role in the value chain remains significant, in employees (50%), primarily due to a handful of large
large part due to our expertise in system integration. companies such as Dalsa and ELCAN.
Though Canada has a strong R&D competence In Western Canada, the economic activity
in materials and devices, it has few large indigenous in photonics is more diverse. There are few
suppliers of photonics devices, with the exception large companies, no major government facilities
of detectors. Indeed, only a quarter of Canadian specializing in photonics, fewer university groups,
companies address this level in the food chain. and little formal networking of photonics interests.
Canada’s strength is its ability to integrate photonics In these provinces, much of the activity takes place
devices and technologies, no matter where they in SMEs or startups. Clusters of activity are emerging
come from, to provide value-add solutions such in the Edmonton (oil and gas exploration) and
as networking equipment, optical test equipment, Vancouver areas (lighting). NRC’s newly established
manufacturing inspection equipment, gas analyzers, National Institute of Nanotechnology (NINT) in
and solid-state lighting assemblies. Edmonton is a potential source of new companies:
NINT already has two photonics startups in its
Regional Breakdown incubator unit. A current proposal to establish a
Both Ontario and Quebec have well-established fusion facility in Alberta would create a significant
photonics industries that represent the entire food cluster of expertise in high-power lasers. With
chain with a mix of large companies, startups and appropriate nurturing, strong photonics clusters could
SMEs. While there is a continuing strong focus on be created around both Edmonton and Vancouver to
traditional photonics markets such as defence and address two areas of strategic importance to Canada:
telecom, key emerging markets include sensing energy and the environment.

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Fig.1 Photonics Companies In Canada

Courtesy: Canadian Photonics Consortium

for sizing of logs, disease detection and process

The User Sector control.
The contribution of photonics to Canada’s GDP
far exceeds the $4.5 billion in revenues contributed Opportunity for Growth
by the companies surveyed for this report. Photonics Major Canadian wealth-creating industries—
is used in some way in virtually every sector of the such as aerospace, automotive, forestry, and oil and
economy. For example: gas suppliers – are increasing users of photonics and
t"OFTUJNBUFE IJHIQPXFSMBTFSTBSFVTFE understand that if they are to stay competitive, they
in Canada for cutting and welding in a myriad of must embrace photonics techniques wherever they
applications. The auto industry in Southern Ontario offer advantages in capability, speed, cost, safety and
uses lasers on virtually every assembly line. Several energy savings. This creates a major opportunity for
companies in Winnipeg use lasers to assemble buses. Canada’s photonics producers to provide solutions for
t /VNFSPVT MBTFS iKPC TIPQTw DVU NFUBMT  strong domestic industries and exploit them globally.
plastics and fabrics. In the Prairies alone, this survey But to do so effectively requires better engagement
identified 25 such companies, many of which are between photonics users and domestic producers;
engaged in cutting complex structures for use in the increased training of photonics technicians; and
oil and gas industry. better sharing of knowledge and information between
processing industry. In Newfoundland, the fishing
industry uses optical techniques to size and shape fish
fillets, and a local company provides the hardware. Lighting the Way to a Greener,
to cut and align pieceparts and to provide advanced Around the world, increasingly green-minded
control and lighting systems in aircraft. governments, businesses and consumers are looking
tćFGPSFTUSZBOEQBQFSJOEVTUSZVTFTQIPUPOJDT for ways to significantly reduce energy consumption

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 33

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and CO2 emissions. As opinions and policies change to play. Several Canadian universities have built
about energy as a consumable resource, photonics is world-class expertise in developing custom LEDs,
becoming a powerful tool in helping create a greener and the Canadian Photonics Fabrication Centre has
world. the equipment needed to produce custom LEDs
With about 20% of the world’s electrical energy from epitaxy wafers. An Ottawa-based company has
used just for lighting, the need to use photonics, the attracted significant investment as it develops new
science of light, to fight climate change is compelling. sources based on light emission in silicon.
The U.S. Department of Energy is targeting a 50% But it is Canada’s strength as a system integrator
reduction in energy use for lighting by 2025, a goal where we really add value. Canadian companies are
that will see savings of $12 billion and 6.5 million developing LED-based lighting solutions for specific
metric tons of carbon per year. applications such as parking lot and street lighting,
Worldwide, the market for lamps alone exceeds remote off-grid lighting, advertising needs and show
$20 billion per year and represents an enormous lighting. A Vancouver-based company combines LED
market for new, less polluting lighting technologies. lighting with solar power to be a world leader in the
Today’s fluorescent bulbs are a partial solution to the supply of standalone lighting solutions for marine,
energy-inefficient incandescent light bulb but suffer defence and recreational applications. A startup
from problematic end-of-life issues. In the near future in Edmonton is developing office lighting systems
we will see these replaced with photonic innovations based on HB-LEDs. One of the world’s largest
like high-brightness light-emitting diodes (HB-LEDs) lighting companies, Philips, has recognized Canada’s
and organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). HB- capabilities and has already acquired two Canadian
LEDs are already cutting the energy needs of high- companies as it builds a vertically integrated value
impact lighting used in signage, architecture and chain.
security. The current market for such devices is over
$5 billion annually. OLEDs offer a sheet-like flexible Converting Sunlight to Usable
lighting source that will have numerous novel lighting Energy
and display opportunities. The sun is the ultimate clean, renewable energy
Low-weight, low-energy innovations are perfect source, and photovoltaics, the direct conversion of
for lighting on the move. Modern trucks and cars now solar power into electricity, provides an exciting
use HB-LEDs in rear and brake lights and headlights; market opportunity for clean energy. Globally, the
in just a few short years, almost all truck and cars on photovoltaics market was worth $15 billion in 2007,
the road with be equipped with LEDs both outside with a 25% annual growth rate. Venture capitalists
and inside. The change will happen fast— today, LEDs are lining up and have already invested over $500
make up 60% of automobile high-level rear lights and million in companies developing new technologies
almost 20% of rear and turn lights. As we drive down and techniques for harnessing the power of the sun.
the road, we encounter photonics again, as traffic Not coincidentally, Japan and Europe lead in the
signals today are increasingly equipped with LEDs. photovoltaics market and boast governments that
In the air, planes use HB-LEDs for cabin lighting to have the strongest incentives and laws to encourage
take advantage of lower power consumption and the consumers to adopt green energy generation
ability to change the cabin “mood” during a flight. alternatives.

Canada: The Power of Value- Canada’s Role

Add One of the challenges to developing a mass
Despite the large investments made by other photovoltaics market is Canada’s gain: the need for
countries such as the United States, Taiwan and silicon.
Germany in LED technologies, Canada has a role Current photovoltaics use silicon solar cells. Used

34 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

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extensively in semiconductors as well, silicon is in on Prince Edward Island.

demand, with over 50% of silicon used today for solar Further in the future, the Laser Fusion Project,
cells. This is creating supply shortages and consequent which is being discussed for Alberta, would see
price pressures. One of Canada’s great strengths— the Canada take a leading position in renewable energy
mining and processing of raw materials— is being and would help build a significant photonics strength
applied to the production of solar-grade silicon. At in Western Canada.
least two Canadian companies have processes that
offer an economic advantage; one is already winning Conclusions and
major contracts from solar cell producers. Another Recommendations
venture-backed company has developed a process Photonics offers a rapidly emerging toolbox of
to reduce cost and increase safety during solar cell technologies that are pervading all aspects of society
manufacture. and impacting all of Canada’s core industrial sectors.
Silicon solar cells are also relatively inefficient.
This has stimulated Canadian companies and
universities to look at alternatives. Already
an Ottawa-based startup has demonstrated
worldbeating efficiencies in gallium arsenide nano-
structures. Others are working on polymers and
Canada’s strength in system integration is being
used to build total solar power solutions for on- and
off-grid applications. An Ottawa-based company has
developed a tracking system that maximizes electrical
conversion from solar cell arrays and combines it
with solar water heating. Its systems are installed at
several public buildings and a major supermarket. A
Vancouver-based company is operating a solar array

Fig.2 Global Photonics Components And Products Market

Courtesy: Canadian Photonics Consortium

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 35

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Canada has an established photonics sector which is a barrier to companies that wish to put
that contributes to the global capability base photonics in subsystem- and system-level products.
and increasingly adds value by integrating Photonics has great potential to be a significant
globally available technologies with system and engine for national economic growth. However, at
user applications. The sector has a number of the strategic level, it is not yet truly recognized as
globally competitive strengths; by focusing on key an industrial sector. This limits its visibility at the
opportunities, it can play an even bigger role in the highest levels of business and government, which
Canadian economy. may not be in the best national interest. Photonics sits
The core of Canada’s photonics producer sector is firmly on the global stage. To be successful, Canada’s
firmly rooted in SMEs and startups with revenues in photonics community must have a global perspective,
the $1 million ~ $10 million range and— at most— both in expanding its international presence, and in
50 employees. These small companies are often ensuring that Canada’s own domestic environment
underfunded, and are frequently disadvantaged when remains open to— and benefits from— the fullest
facing their U.S. competitors, who have access to the participation of foreign photonics practitioners and
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. centers of excellence.
In Ontario and Quebec, where clusters have been
encouraged, the distribution of economic activity RECOMMENDATIONS
about this core SME mass shows a balance indicative
of healthy growth potential (i.e., a strong startup base,
together with migration of SMEs into larger entities).
1. Engage the User Community
The photonics producer community should
engage more strongly with the user community
In other parts of the country, where clusters do not to develop solutions that provide leadership to
exist, this distribution of economic activity is more key Canadian industries and potential export
scattered, and the comparative size of photonics- opportunities. (The Innovative Photonics Application
related activity is significantly diminished. [IPA] program introduced by CIPI could be a suitable
Canadian photonics is already a multibillion- model.) Representatives of the key economic sectors
dollar enterprise with a high contribution to exports. should have a voice in bodies such as the Canadian
However, Canada’s photonics export growth lags Photonics Consortium (CPC). Canada should also
behind that of market demand, suggesting that we encourage foreign manufacturers of laser systems
may be losing ground to our international peers. used in manufacturing to participate in the photonics
There are some unique opportunities— such as in community in Canada. This will ensure that our
the energy and environment sectors— where there manufacturers and suppliers have an informed view
is a strong domestic demand for photonics solutions of photonics capabilities, open up opportunities
that can be leveraged to create companies with global for local system integrators, and apply our process
opportunities. knowledge more effectively.
Canada excels in photonics at the R&D level.
However, with the exception of NRC, CPFC, INO
and a few universities, our success in converting this
2. Facilitate Knowledge Exchange
A c om m on t he m e e m e rg i ng f rom t he
workshops and interviews used to compile this study
into economic activity to the fullest extent is limited, was a thirst for information about photonics and its
indicating a potential weakness in our business applications. We recommend setting up information
infrastructure. portals, similar to those of the U.K. Knowledge
While Canada creates good photonics physicists Transfer Networks (KTNs), in strategic application
at the PhD level, we are not producing enough areas of photonics, such as solar energy. CPC,
photonics technicians and applications engineers. regional photonics clusters, and organizations such as
The average engineer graduating from a Canadian CIPI should consider becoming the delivery vehicle
university has insufficient exposure to photonics, for such information gateways.

36 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

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Fig.3 The Photonics Toolbox

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nz !!

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Courtesy: Canadian Photonics Consortium

3. Improve Education and Awareness

The level of photonics education and awareness
direct funding of small companies, much as the SBIR
program does in the United States.
in Canada is inadequate for meeting the future
demands of photonics users. We recommend that
CPC launch a photonics awareness initiative to
5. Focus R&D on Strategic Sectors
Countries that have deliberately focused
investment in key areas of photonics (such as
attract students to train in the subject and overcome Germany and the United Kingdom) have been
the lingering negativity from the collapse of the remarkably successful in building globally competitive
telecom bubble. Photonics should become a core part industries and attracting inward investment. Canada’s
of all undergraduate engineering courses, and there investment in photonics is broad-brush and relatively
should be an increase in the number of photonics unfocused. We recommend establishing a photonics
technician courses at colleges (similar to those offered strategy group that includes industry and academics.
in Ontario). Educators and communicators should be Their role: to focus the investment on a few key
engaged to popularize the photonics world around us sectors that are judged to be of global significance
to the general public. in the next 10 years and where Canada has the

4. Increase Commercialization of Canadian

Despite the high investment in photonics
photonics skills to make a difference.

6. Expand the Cluster Model

Experience in Ontario and Quebec has
R&D, technology flow and transfer between the demonstrated that the presence of strong cluster
academic and industrial sectors is inadequate. activity encourages the incubation and development
(This is a phenomenon that is not unique to the of a balanced distribution of photonics companies.
photonics sector.) We recommend establishing inter- There are a growing number of photonics producers
agency programs that use alternative models for and users in Western Canada, but they are very
financing and managing technology transfer, and that loosely organized and lack the benefits of the strong
encourage stronger participation and leadership from clusters found in Ontario and Quebec. CPC should
industrial partners. One proven model is that used work with provincial and regional governments to
by the Seventh Framework in the European Union. catalyze the formation of clusters in Alberta and
We also recommend that other agencies consider British Columbia.

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 37

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Fig.4 Statistics Of Canadian

E J T U S J C V U J P O!P G!T B M F T!G P !

S! E J T U S J C V U J P O!P G!F N Q M P Z F F T !!


35 & :& 44 & 23 &

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=%2 N ?% 21 1N I'M T
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T J [ F!P G!Q I P U P O J D T!D P N Q BOJFT !! E J T U S J C V U J P O!P G!D P N Q B O J F T!

38 &
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Rvfcfd 21 5 5 -861 %711 N
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C/D/ 61 3-121 % 541N
Bumboujd 9 42 1 % 47 N
UPU BM 48 5 3 1-371 % 5/5C

Courtesy: Canadian Photonics Consortium

38 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

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Scosh Optoelectronics
Supporng Optoelectronics in Scotland
by Scottish Optoelectronics Association

Scottish Optoelectronics Association (SOA) brings together the companies and university
departments engaged in photonics in Scotland. SOA interacts with similar organisations in the UK,
Europe and the rest of the world. Hence SOA will be in Taipei, during the Taiwan Photonics Festival,
meeting with the International Optoelectronics Associations. In addition a number of Scottish
companies will be accompanying SOA and be represented at the Exhibition.

cotland has approximately 8% of the UK then 10 employees. The next largest grouping is small
population and hence its photonics industry (19) with between 11 and 50 employees. This leaves
forms only a part of the UK’s capability. 3 companies in each of the categories defined as
There are 78 companies in S cotland medium 51 to 250 employees and large— more then
producing Photonics products. These companies 251 employees. The distribution of companies by size
are predominantly micro companies (53) by the reflects to an extent their origins. A large number are
European definition, which is that they have less spin outs from Universities with products based on

Courtesy: SOA

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 39

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to funding for research government agencies have

been devoting funds to technology transfer. This
theme of engaging with industry has spread beyond
national boundaries.
The Universities of Strathclyde, St Andrews,
Heriot-Watt and Glasgow, together with Stanford
University and the California Institute of Technology
(Caltech), are collaborating in a project which has
won funding from the Science Bridges awards,
announced by Research Councils UK (RCUK).
The project, SU2P, is designed to capitalize on
leading research in the photonics sector, in fields
including life sciences and renewable energy, and the
commercial opportunities the research offers. It also
aims to bolster existing links between universities and
businesses in Scotland and the US. The three-year
venture between the six institutions will focus on:
neuroscience photonics
optic sensors and environmental science and

Courtesy: Ukphoenix79@wikimedia commons
The Scottish Optoelectronics Association
itself contributes to technology transfer between
state of the art technologies. companies and universities through the Technology
Transfer Opportunity Mechanism (TTOM) scheme.
Research Capability and Un-going The aim of TTOM is to enable technology transfer
Projects in Universities projects to solve problems identified by companies,
Scotland has a wealth of photonics research capability with particularly with a cross-sectoral and inter-
11 universities each with at least 1 department undertaking disciplinary focus. TTOM Grants are paid directly to
research in photonics. Eight of these universities have come eligible SME companies on a competitive basis, who
together to form a research alliance in physics, Scottish will then contract with relevant research groups in
Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA) The higher education institutes to provide the assistance
aim is to place Scotland at the forefront of research in physics required.
through an agreed national strategy, an inter-institutional The past two years has seen the global economy
management structure, and co-ordinated promotion and contract with most market sectors affected by
pursuit of excellence. A major research theme being pursued is the “credit crunch.” This has been especially true
photonics. In recent years, universities have been increasingly in consumer markets. During this period the
keen to transfer their technology to industry. Hence in addition performance by Scottish Photonics companies has

40 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

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been mixed. Sales from a few have reduced if their standard NDIR sensors. GSS CO2 gas sensors
main products address consumer markets. However, incorporate gold plated injection moulded collection
this reduction in sales has been more then matched optics using patented optics designs, maximising
by companies increasing their sales in markets which pathlength and sensor sensitivity. GSS CO2
have shown resilience. Scottish companies have also sensors are 100% tested and calibrated over a wide
accessed new geographic markets during the period. temperature range before release to customers.
Part of this expansion will result in a number of The carbon dioxide sensor can operate on both
Scottish companies’ presence at the Taiwan Photonics low power and fast response mode. The sensor
Festival during June 9th to 11th 2010. The exhibiting has a wide number of applications such as HVAC/
companies will illustrate the breadth of technologies IAQ, safety, agricultural, automotive, industrial,
manufactured in Scotland covering displays, lighting, commercial, more information can be obtained on
laser solutions and fabrication solutions. the GSS website at

CST Global mLED

CSTG is a “pure play” semiconductor foundry mLED Ltd is a recently incorporated company,
specialising in the design, development, and developing a new breed of gallium nitride (GaN)
manufacture of a wide range of custom discrete and LED devices- microLED arrays. Presently, the
integrated III-V opto-electronic devices, based in technology licensed by mLED is recognised as world-
Glasgow, UK. leading. Already, enquiries have been received from
Since 1999, CST has provided specialist Europe, North America and Asia. Asia has been
foundry services to a wide range of clients in at the forefront of LED lighting. Over a period of
the telecommunications, defence, medical and 10 years it is expected that solid state light sources
instrumentation markets. They offer full product will provide financial savings exceeding a trillion
support from design to manufacturing, levered off (1x1012) US$. mLED’s devices are uniquely placed to
a comprehensive library of qualified fabrication be a next generation platform technology for market
processes and a suite of high performance device areas such as lighting, communications, micro-
platforms. Device design and prototyping including: displays, microscopy, life-sciences, digital printing,
t%FWFMPQNFOUPGSPCVTUGBCSJDBUJPOQSPDFTTFT Forth Dimension Displays is the world’s leading
t%FWJDFDIBSBDUFSJTBUJPOBOEPQUJNJTBUJPO high–resolution near-to-eye (NTE) microdisplay
September 2004, Forth Dimension Displays is a
Gas Sensing Solutions privately owned company focused on organic growth
Gas Sensing Solutions (GSS) supplies world in the markets that benefit the most from our (TDI™)
leading CO2 gas sensors. The patented technology technology. Based in Dalgety Bay, Fife, Scotland, the
utilises unique III-V solid state light emitting diodes company also has offices in the US, Europe and Asia.
and photodiodes, replacing high cost incandescent T h e c omp any prov i d e s a w i d e r ange of
light sources and pyroelectric detectors used in microdisplay solutions optimized for the best

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 41

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performance in demanding NTE applications. The and supporting assembly and test facilities.
microdisplay products contain proprietary, high
speed, liquid crystal on silicon Time Domain Imaging PowerPhotonic
(TDI™) technology. The fast, all digital, software- PowerPhotonic designs and manufactures
configured technology delivers high quality and full custom micro-optics devices for laser applications.
color images on a single high resolution microdisplay. The company has a unique capability to accurately
To p r ov i d e t h e b e s t s o l u t i o n s t o characterize the beams of high-power diode
customers, the company also laser bars and stacks, and to fabricate
manufactures and supplies chipsets, for custom optics that increase their
use in high volume applications; and br ig ht ness and prov ide b e am
development kits (fully functional, shaping tailored to the application.
plug and play systems), for use in Brightness enhancement factors
development and low to medium of x2 and up to x10 have been
volume applications. In addition, as demonstrated.
a full service solution provider, Forth Besides beam correction
Dimension Displays not only sells p h a s e p l a t e s , t h e c o m p a n y ’s
products, but offers customers access product portfolio includes also beam
to the company’s extensive microdisplay transformers that remap coherent and
expertise by undertaking technical feasibility incoherent beams onto tailored intensity profiles,
studies, design implementation and product and application-specific micro-optic arrays from
realization. device-scale to wafer-scale.
Forth Dimension Displays’ world leading PowerPhotonic’s technology is based on a
products and technical services are backed by proprietary optical fabrication process that generates
ISO9001 approved microdisplay design and freeform refractive optical surfaces.
manufacturing site which includes a microdisplay fab

42 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

Company Profile

BOE Looking Ahead to

a Greener Economy

“The promulgation of The Act Governing Development of Renewable Energy in last

June is a great step forward to give a huge boost to develop green industries,” said
Huey-Ching Yeh, Director of General of the Bureau of Energy (BOE), an organization
under the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) responsible for formulating and
implementing energy policies and laws, in an interview with Photonics Industry &
Technology Development Association (PIDA) in late March, 2010.

ccording to the Act, which was passed 1.To provide for the circumstances under which
after nine years the bill was proposed, it electricity enterprises, who buy wholesale or produce
contains a few essential points that experts renewable energy electricity, may file application for
in the industries have anticipated. They subsidizing incurred expenses; and to provide for the
are: methods for calculating the amount of subsidy
2.To specify that for renewable energy power
generation facilities with potentiality in an early
stages of technical development may, for the purpose
Mr. Yeh, Director of General of the Bureau of demonstration, be rewarded by the competent
of Energy, is optimistic toward the future
development of LED/ PV industry with the authority within certain period of time
support of government policies. 3.To specify that the related provisions of the
Electricity Law shall be applicable to the procedures
for acquiring the land needed, provided that the
installation of renewable energy power generation
facilities and the circuitry of power supply have
reached up to a certain volume
4.To provide for the matters regarding import
tariff exemption for renewable energy power
generation facilities
Mr. Yeh said the statute is expected to fuel the
renewable energy industry by investing in nearly
NT$30 billion dollars (US$ 937 million), aimed to
reach a goal that will not only increases the capacity
from 6,500 to 10,000 Megawatts in the next 20 years,
but also produce over 10,000 jobs. As the registration
Courtesy: Canadian Photonics Consortium

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 43

Company Profile

is regarded to drive local solar, biomass, wind and tap into the markets in strong demand will help
other green sectors, Mr. Yeh said it benefits solar and Taiwan PV companies grow sustainably since
light-emitting diode (LED) most when it comes to Taiwan's PV market size is relatively small. Instead
the specific sub-field of photonics. of counting on Germany and Spain, where are the
two fastest growing major PV markets in the world,
Government Support as a Mr. Yeh said Taiwan PV suppliers have sought way to
Solid Ground for Taiwan PV crack new markets such as Italy, the U.S. Japan and
Development South Korea. “Italy has the potential to become one
For PV, Mr. Yeh said the government will support of the world's most important PV markets because of
the industry by offering incentives and making financial incentive, good climatic conditions and the
regulations more flexible so as to encouraging availability of free land,” said Mr. Yeh.
existing providers to strengthen their manufacturing
efforts as well as to attract new comers to improving Taiwan to be the World’s Second
competency. The incentives include introducing Country with Overall LED
a pricing mechanism for each PV player in the
supply chain, evolving several types of leading solar For LED, Mr. Yeh is even more thrilled by a
technologies with research and development-based nation-wide policy passed a while ago that the
companies, and expanding local players’ export government is determined to overhaul the street light
profiles in Europe. system across nation by forbidding manufacturers
Mr. Yeh explained that BOE has announced from producing incandescent bulbs. “Under the
the proposed feed-in tariff rates for PV and other incandescent-extinction policy, Taiwan will replace
types of renewable energy in last September. A approximately 700,000 electric incandescent street
tentative rate of NT$ 8.12~9.33 (US$ 0.25~0.28) per lights with LED lamps over three years, which makes
kilowatt-hour (kwh) has been set for PV generated it the world’s second country that installs LED
power. “Nevertheless, the proposed rates have fallen streetlights across the island,” said Mr. Yeh.
considerably short of local solar players’ expectations. According to LEDinside, an institute offering
The government should invite academics, experts and extensive research information on LED for clients,
organizations to deliberate rates for renewable energy the three-year project will likely generate a market
before publicizing the price,” said Mr. Yeh, adding worth more than NT$40 billion dollars, which is
that the government will promote renewable energy lucrative enough to prompt LED makers planning for
use every other year for two decades once the law higher volume production and strengthened product
takes effect. development. Leading players in Taiwan such as
Also, Mr. Yeh addressed that Taiwan has always Epstar Corp., Everlight Electronics Co. Ltd, and
been a major place for thin-film technology and the Formosa Epitaxy Inc. are searching for opportunities
semiconductor industry, which is a huge advantage in this government initiative.
to local players to put up barriers to competition. Big Howe ve r, Mr. Yeh st re ss e d t hat Taiw an
players in the Taiwanese industry are now using this government’s ambition is more than just building an
experience to explore and start new thin-film silicon LED island, but is hoping to lead the players in the
solar production initiatives. “We aim to reach a thin- space to reach a higher level. The second step next to
film silicon solar production rate of15% among the street light project is to phase out the traditional
different types of technologies within two years,” said traffic lights, architecture light, landscape light and
Mr. Yeh. Beyond that, BOE expected to make efforts mercury streetlights on non-main roads. “By 2025,
to raise the market share of modules to 15%, as well LED lamps will completely replace incandescent
as crystal growth to 15% to 18%. bulbs both in public and private realms, saving about
Most important of all, Mr. Yeh said, to successfully 3.78 billion kW-hr of electricity per year,” said Mr.

44 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

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Yeh. development. “China is one of the world’s two largest

With a clear goal laid down in front, Mr. Yeh said home markets, and Taiwan has every reason to take
BOE has drawn up detailed plans help local players advantage of that,” said Mr. Yeh.
grow in strength. The first priority is to develop In fact, in mid 2009 Taiwan government
technologies that cover the full range, from critical announced to initiate a talk with China on a
light sources, high quality modules widely applied possibility of cooperation in the area of the
in a plurality of LED semiconductor bodies, to lamp standardization of LEDs and a certification system,
design. Mr. Yeh said that Taiwan LED companies a move is aimed to set up a platform for cross-strait
enjoy a competitive edge in the potential trillion- industrial cooperation. Ling Wu, Secretary General
dollar industry thanks to its solid volume product of China Solid State Lighting Alliance, gave a positive
manufacturing infrastructure for semiconductor and response on a cross-Strait joint conference to seek
optoelectronics. However, “a lack of effective patent common grounds and create a win-win situation.
protection for LED light source, Taiwan players’ And a few months later, more than 20 Taiwan LED
industrial applicability is limited,” said Mr. Yeh. manufacturers formed the first vertically functioning
Hence, BOE has urged Industrial Technology automated industrial chain with the aid of ITRI in
Research Institute (ITRI), a non-profit research Taiwan.
institute conducting research and development in Mr. Yeh expected to make the initiative an appeal
applied technologies to advance private sector growth, to China’s LED players to join the alliance because “via
to innovate advanced patents, organize international the common testing platform, the product quality
workshops to share experiences in the technology, will be enhanced, the compliance with international
and to discuss about the standards development and standards will be swiftly obtained, and global-
accreditation process for the industry. In 2009, ITRI level brands will be strongly established, so LED
introduced a patented LED innovative technology AC manufacturers on the both sides are able to establish
LED, an ideal design to raise LED’s current tolerance, a solid competitive position in the international
allowing the removal of the transformer so LEDs can market, said Mr. Yeh.
be directly powered by household AC power, to help According to local newspaper Taiwan News,
Taiwan break ground. Tsai Chin-yao, chairman of the Solar Photovoltalic
To date, the AC LED technology has at least Energy Development Committee under the non-
70 patents covering structure, chip, packaging and profit Semiconductor Equipment and Materials
application. Moreover, Taiwan-based Epistar, a International (SEMI) Taiwan, commented after the
world’s leading manufacturer of high-power LEDs passage of the Act that the government's goal is quite
and a pioneer in the use of solid-state lighting clear if the “Bridge-Building Plan” will be carried
solutions for everyday purposes, teamed up with out in conjunction with industry players cross the
ITRI to producing AC-driven LED chips by using Strait. He also noted that recently China made a deal
the ground-breaking technology starting the second of technological breakthroughs in LED industry,
quarter of 2009. which posed a threat to Taiwan in terms of growth.
Mr. Yeh said the second step is to build up a He suggested Taiwan government cement a closer
robust cross-Strait environment allowing industry relation and strengthen cooperation with China in
players on the both sides to standardize products a variety of renewable industries would help local
so as to outflank the global giants in the face of industries explore more opportunities rather than
intense competition from Japan, Germany and the obstacles.
US. According to Mr. Yeh, characterized as an old
technology with new and diversified applications,
LED should be regarded as a unique concept that
provides a new perspective when it comes to future

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 45

Company Profile

TTRI to Perfectly In-

tegrate Technology
and Texle

“Cross cutting issues touching on different sectors between traditional industries and
technology are key activity areas of work for us as we are making a breakthrough
in our advanced research and development,” said Huang Po-Hsiung, Director of
Department of Products of Taiwan Textile Research Institute (TTRI), a non-profit
organization for R&D, testing and evaluating for the Taiwan polymer materials, fiber,
yarn, textile and nonwovens industries, in an interview with Photonics Industry &
Technology Development Association (PIDA) in March, 2010.

Fig. 1 Mr. Huang, Director of Department of Products of
TTRI, believes textiles to combine advanced technologies hose issues covered include medical textiles,
is a trend to meet diverse need. environmentally friendly textiles, solar
energy textile products, and composite
nonwoven textiles, as well as brand building,
communications, and marketing. From technology to
the consumer market, TTRI’s reports have the industry

Role Transforming from

Traditional Industry
Mr. Huang said that TTRI has transformed its
role in the textile industry from a helping hand into a
bellwether by helping local traditional manufacturers
d e vel op m ore i n n ov at ive and v a lu e - a d d e d
products amid the current recession. Also, TTRI is
repositioning itself as the integrator of technology
Courtesy: PIDA

46 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

Company Profile

Fig.2 TTRI’s showcased its cycling clothing of elec-

tro-textiles in Photonics Festival in Taiwan 2009.

Courtesy: PIDA

and leadership of industry by not only offering a industry, dealing with hot issues for legislation and
variety of textile business with customized service industry planning, and pushing Taiwan into the
but also multi-integrated and transformed service to textile center of Asia-pacific.
Textile and apparel industries in Taiwan have The Three F Principles
developed more than 50 years, which makes it the Among others, Mr. Huang said there are three F
island’s third biggest sector that creates a lot of that Taiwan players must have so it can gain a firm
foreign exchange since then. The textile took off in ground when faced with international competitors.
1970s when Taiwan government urged the export They are fashion, function and friendly. “Clothing
processing industries forward. In 1997, the industry are not just what they are now, but have to be more
reached a high peak by creating a value of export stylish, eco-friendly and even sustainable,” said Mr.
of US$16.7 billion. But since then, it stepped into Huang, adding that the current trend for fashion is to
a mature stage till now due to several reasons from fit one’s lifestyle and lets him lend a helping hand to
surging cost and increasing competition from abroad. the planet.
To save the declining industry, Council For Additionally, more and more international
Economic Planning And Development (CEPD), a brands, be it athletic or fashionable, continually
government agency responsible for drafting overall unveil a line of more eco-friendly products aiming to
plans for national economic development, in 2001 use more sustainable, recyclable materials that should
planned to build a special economic zone for silk also translate into better quality and public praise for
and filament district in the central county of Yunlin, the future. Mr. Huang said the “green” strategy will
where is designated for assembling the textile help these big brands keep their stride as consumers

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Company Profile

Wearable Electronics
worldwide might increase spending after a financial T TRI’s te chnolog y is one of t hos e next
crisis. generations of wearable electronics with its focus on
Mr. Huang gave an example. The outdoor cycling the fusion of personal area networking technology
clothing has changed comparatively little over time, and consumer apparel, bags and other soft goods
give or take a reduction in modesty and the advent of accessories. Its ready-to-integrate system consists
modern materials, from trousers, jersey, shoes, helmet of two elements, the patented textile touchpad and
to waterproof equipment. TTRI got into the wearable the electronics controller, both the basis for any
electronics, a trend that started about 10 years ago wearable electronics integration. The controller is
with the introduction of the first commercially the interface between the touchpad and a target
available product in 2000 by American jeans and consumer electronics device (e.g. iPhone) that allows
casual wear manufacturer Levi Strauss & Co. in the touchpad to be used as a remote control for the
cooperation with some giant electronic company, a target device.
few years ago to explore future trends for fashion and The integration includes a simple 3-step process.
specialist clothing, especially the intelligent clothing, The first is to choose an ideal touchpad, which is
which opens up a whole array of multi-functional, 100% fabric, durable, washable and flexible, for
wearable electro-textiles for sensing/monitoring body integration into the existing fabric structures of
functions, delivering communication facilities, data garments. It can be overlaid with almost any type of
transfer, individual environment control, and many material, including leather, nylon and canvas.
other applications. The second step is to integrate the touchpad
into garment. Mr. Huang said the integration is not
an easy job because the electric wires will have to
be placed with no danger of anything going wrong.
Another important aspect of a wearable electronics
Fig. 3 A corner of TTRI’s showroom displays ap- system is the graphical interface to indicate the
parels with edge-cutting technologies.
location and functions of the controls on the garment
or backpack. The graphics are applied to the outside
(visible) surface so must be durable and fit in with the
style of the fabric product.
The final is to pick a suitable electronics which
translates presses on the touchpad to electrical
signals. These signals are used to control the
operation of a target consumer electronics device
(e.g. iPhone, etc.) through a wired or wireless (e.g.
Bluetooth) connection. The unit/module supports
standard headsets/Bluetooth and also comes with
a separate microphone to handle telephone and
voice communications. Mr. Huang said all activity
is managed from the garment or bag using TTRI’s
textile remote control which is embedded in the
Courtesy: PIDA

48 • OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2

Company Profile

flexible ultra capacitors linked with solar cells. This

Solar-powered Textiles system can be applied to tents and the outdoor
The other textiles under development are recharging of small electrical equipment, and has
empowered by solar, according to TTRI’s plan. Mr. tremendous potential in outdoor recreation and
Huang said this unique solar power textile is foldable military applications.
which is makes it ideal for clothing. Solar textile has Several reports conducted by Nokia Corp, the
the same softness of clothes. Thus, you can wear it world's leading mobile phone supplier, and Royal
tension free! “In the near future, bags or jackets made Philips Electronics Inc., a multinational Dutch
with solar textiles will provide electricity for PDAs, electronics corporation, wearable electronics are
mobile phones or digital media players,” said Mr. getting popular within 3-5 years, which is a signal for
Huang. players in the space to get ready for a demand boom.
To make the e-textiles more interesting, Mr. Mr. Huang said flexible solar panels and outdoor
Huang said TTRI has also launched foldable capacitor electrical navigation optical equipment are two fields
with same features. It has also combines clothing as that Taiwan textiles working on. As TTRI is planning
solar textile. Experts are estimating that the release to grant its license to Taiwan players, Mr. Huang is
of foldable capacitor in the market will have a huge confident that “with the aid from the government
impact on products related to wearable electronic. and academic institutes, local textiles will be well
Just because solar power is dedicated to the equipped to hit a milestone for another ten years
rapid deployment of renewable energy, Mr. Huang growth”.
said there are a few more new projects with regard
to solar power shaping up. Among all, the power
textile management system is promising. This project
develops an energy management system involving

OPTOLINK International Edition 2010 Q2 • 49