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ASME BPVC.VIIL1-2017 UG-99 STANDARD HYDROSTATIC TEST (a) A hydrostatic test shall be conducted on all vessels after (2) ll fabrication has been completed, except for op- erations that could not be performed prior to the test, such as weld end preparation [see U-1 (e)(1)(-a)], and cos- metic grinding on the base material that does not reduce the actual thickness below the design thickness; and (@2)all examinations have been performed, except those required after the test. ‘The completed vessels, except those tested in accor- dance with the requirements of UG-100 and UG-101, shall have satisfactorily passed the hydrostatic test prescribed in this paragraph. (b) Except as otherwise permitted in (a) above and 27-4, vessels designed for internal pressure shall be sub- jected to a hydrostatic test pressure that at every point in the vessel is at least equal to 1.3 times the maximum al- lowable working pressure*® multiplied by the lowest stress ratio (LSR) for the pressure-boundary materials of which the vessel is constructed, The stress ratio for each pressure-boundary material is the ratio of the stress value S at its test temperature to the stress value S a design temperature (see UG-21). Bolting shall not be in- cluded in the determination of the LSR, except when 1.3 times the LSR multiplied by the allowable stress of the bolt at its design temperature exceeds 90% of the bolt material specified minimum yield strength at the test temperature. All loadings that may exist during this test shall be given consideration. The hydrostatic test pres- sure reading shall be adjusted to account for any static head conditions depending on the difference in elevation between the chamber being tested and the pressure gauge. (o) A hydrostatic test based on a calculated pressure may be used by agreement between the user and the Manufacturer, The hydrostatic test pressure at the top of the vessel shall be the minimum of the test pressures calculated by multiplying the basis for calculated test pressure as defined in 3-2 for each pressure element by 1.3 and reducing this value by the hydrostatic head on that element. When this pressure is used, the Inspector shall reserve the right to require the Manufacturer or the designer to furnish the calculations used for deter- mining the hydrostatic test pressure for any part of the vessel (d) The requirements of (b) above represent the mini- mum standard hydrostatic test pressure required by thi Division, The requirements of (c) above represent a spe- cial test based on calculations. Any intermediate value of pressure may be used. This Division does not specify an upper limit for hydrostatic test pressure. However, if the hydrostatic test pressure is allowed to exceed, either intentionally or accidentally, the value determined as 75 uG-99 prescribed in (c) above to the degree that the vessel is subjected to visible permanent distortion, the Inspector shall reserve the right to reject the vessel. (¢) Combination units [see UG-19(a) and UG-21] shall be tested by one of the following methods. (1) Independent Pressure Chambers. Pressure cham- bers of combination units that have been designed to op- erate independently shall be hydrostatically tested as separate vessels, that is, each chamber shall be tested without pressure in the adjacent chamber. If the common elements of a combination unit are designed for a larger differential pressure than the higher maximum allowable working pressure to be marked on the adjacent cham- bers, the hydrostatic test shall subject the common ele- ments to at least their design differential pressure, corrected for temperature as in (b) above, as well as meet the requirements of (b) or (c) above for each independent chamber. (2) Dependent Pressure Chambers. When pressure chambers of combination units have their common ele- ments designed for the maximum differential pressure that can possibly occur during startup, operation, and shutdown, and the differential pressure is less than the higher pressure in the adjacent chambers, the common elements shall be subjected to a hydrostatic test pressure of at least 1.3 times the differential pressure to be marked on the unit, corrected for temperature as in (b). Following the test of the common elements and their inspection as required by (g) below, the adjacent cham- bers shall be hydrostatically tested simultaneously [see (b) or (c) above}. Care must be taken to limit the differen- tial pressure between the chambers to the pressure used when testing the common elements. The vessel stamping and the vessel Data Report must describe the common elements and their limiting differ- ential pressure. See UG-116(j) and UG-120(b). @) Single-wall vessels and individual pressure cham- bers of combination units designed for vacuum only (MAWP less than or equal to zero) shall be subjected to either (2) an internal hydrostatic pressure test in accor- dance with UG-99, or a pneumatic pressure test in accor dance with UG-100. The applied test pressure shall be not less than 1.3 times the specified external design pressure; or (2) a vacuum test conducted at the lowest value of specified absolute internal design pressure. In conjunc- tion with the vacuum test, a leak test shall be performed following a written procedure complying with the applic- able technical requirements of Section V, Article 10 for the leak test method and technique specified by the user. Leak testing personnel shall be qualified and certified as required by Section V, Article 1, T-120(e). (@) Following the application of the hydrostatic test pressure, an inspection shall be made ofall joints and con- nections. This inspection shall be made at a pressure not less than the test pressure divided by 1.3. Except for