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Dark Power Apr 15, 2009

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picture of the d chronological archive subject arc


ay hive

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Galaxy cluster RDCS 1252.9-2927. Purple color indicates x-ray emissions.
Credit: X-ray NASA/CXC/ESO/P.Rosati et al. Optical: ESO/VLT/P.Rosati et al.

Astrophysicists speculate that the early Universe was powered by dark


matter annihilation.
According to modern cosmologists, the Universe is composed primarily
of dark matter. More than 95% of all that exists is unseen and undetecta SITE SEA
ble by the most sensitive instruments yet devised. Researchers from the RCH
University of Michigan have recently taken this idea to its extremes, clai
ming that the earliest stellar formations were (and perhaps still are) drive
n by Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPS) instead of
thermonuclear fusion reactions.

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A quote from a paper written by a team from the Ann Arbor campus stat
Thi
es the case ironically: “We studied the behavior of WIMPs in the first star
s fr
s and found that they can radically alter the stellar evolution. The annihil
ee
ation products of the dark matter inside the star can be trapped and dep
sit
osit enough energy to heat the star and prevent it from further collapse.”
es
Their premise is based on several assumptions, not the least of which is ear
the age and size of the Universe. Current estimates conclude that it is 13. ch
7 billion years old because redshift measurements from galaxy clusters scr
seem to indicate they are located at enormous distances from Earth. Sin ipt
ce the redshift theory associates time with speed and distance, the great pro
er the redshift, the greater the distance and the farther back in time the vid
measured object must be. ed
by
Consensus hypotheses about age and distance allow astronomers to pr Ja
opose many ideas that are built on the aforementioned assumptions, on va
e of which is that the first stars formed soon after the Big Bang and subs Scr
equent expansion of the Universe. The Big Bang Universe is 13.7 billion y ipt
ears old, so the first stars are no longer around. However, there is suffici Kit
ent confidence in the theory that computer simulations can be written an
d models of what took place in that primordial era can be studied.

The galaxy cluster image at the top of the page is said to represent a tim SUBSCRI
e almost nine billion years ago, since redshift calculations place its centr BE
al structure approximately nine billion light-years from Earth. It is so rem
ote in space and time that it can be placed at a period when the first star
s were in their maturity. As the majority of astrophysicists maintain, that
means it coalesced out of many sub-clusters when the Universe was do FR
minated by cold dark matter. EE
up
During that early epoch, stars must have contained high concentrations dat
of dark matter, since theory states that dark matter densities were signifi e-
cantly greater than they are today. Due to that line of thought, an entirely We
new physical model has arisen with ramifications for the way scientists i ekl
n the near future will investigate how stars and galaxies operate. y
dig
Another quote from the University of Michigan researchers makes clear est
what some of those ramifications are: “The first stars to form in the univ of
erse are a natural place to look for significant amounts of dark matter an Pic
nihilation, because they form at the right place and the right time. They fo tur
rm at high redshifts, when the universe was still substantially denser tha eo
n it is today, and at the high density centers of dark matter haloes.” f
the
Dr. Naoki Yoshida, Nagoya University in Japan and Dr. Lars Hernquist at Da
the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Massac y,
husetts, created a program that simulates "what they know" about the ea Th
rly Universe in order to study those conditions. Their simulations reveale un
d that gravity created small variations in materials that were then extant, der
including dark matter, causing it to condense into "proto-stars" that slowl blo
y accumulated additional matter until they became large enough for dark g,
matter interactions to generate enough heat and initiate radiant output. For
um
Volker Bromm, Assistant Professor of Astronomy at the University of Te ,M
xas, Austin puts it this way: "We must continue our studies in this area to ulti
understand how the initially tiny protostar grows, layer by layer, to eventu me
ally form a massive star. But here, the physics become much more comp dia
licated and even more computational resources are needed." an
d
A recent article in Physical Review D puts a more ironic stamp on this biz mo
arre line of "reasoning." Scientists from the Institute for Advanced Studie re.
s, the Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, and Harvard University
present a theory that includes dark matter annihilation products, a new f
orce carrier, a way for dark matter to disintegrate into electrons and posi
trons, and a way to account for the ionization observed in deep space.
*** NEW
It is these concepts that prop up the current scientific pronouncements a DVD ***
bout "dark stars" that shine from dark matter annihilation, as well as the
computer simulations that are supposed to be "confirming" the environm
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ent in which those so-called dark stars can exist.
Sy
mb
Dark and dark and dark—Electric Universe proponents wonder if there wi
ols
ll ever be any light from the heavily funded institutions that are supposed
of
to be the pinnacle of scientific research.
an
As physicist and Electric Universe theorist Wal Thornhill recently reiterat Ali
ed: "I suggest we stop wasting tens of billions of dollars searching for ne en
w particles and forces invented by mathematicians chasing fame and a Sk
Nobel Prize and spend one percent of that sum investigating the dense p y
lasma focus. Science used to be about simplification. It is the way of the Sel
Electric Universe. It is the way out of science's black hole." ect
ion
Stephen Smith sP
layl
ist

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Th
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Authors David Talbott and Wall Professor of engineering Donald Sc In language designed for s
ace Thornhill introduce the read ott systematically unravels the myth cientists and non-scientist
er to an age of planetary instabil s of the "Big Bang" cosmology, and s alike, authors Wallace Th
ity and earthshaking electrical e he does so without resorting to blac ornhill and David Talbott s
vents in ancient times. If their h k holes, dark matter, dark energy, ne how that even the greatest
ypothesis is correct, it could not utron stars, magnetic "reconnection" surprises of the space age
fail to alter many paths of scien , or any other fictions needed to pro are predictable patterns in
tific investigation. p up a failed theory. an electric universe.
More info More info More info

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EXECUTIVE EDITORS: David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill

MANAGING EDITORS: Steve Smith

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