Formulae, Stoichiometry and Mole Concept (Writing Equations, Mole Concept and Chemical Calculations

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y Equations o Balanced  A balanced equation is when there is an equal number of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation o Ionic  An ionic equation shows the ions taking part in a reaction and the products formed, while leaving out the spectator ions that do not react Relative mass o Atomic  It is the number of times the mass of one atom of an element is greater than 1/12 of the mass of one carbon-12 isotope  It is the average mass of one atom as compared to 1/12 the mass of a carbon-12 isotope o Molecular  It is the average mass of a molecule compared to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12 isotope  It is the sum of the relative Ars of the component elements o Percentage          
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Formulas o Empirical  It is the simplest formula of the compound  It shows the types of elements present  It shows the simplest ration of the atoms o Molecular  It shows the exact number of atoms of each element in a molecule  Can be found using empirical formula and Mr of compound Avogadro s o Law  Equal volumes of all gases, under the same temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules (moles)  One mole of gas occupies 24 dm3 of space at rtp. of 25OC and 1 atm o Constant  In a mole of a substance there are  particles (atoms, molecules E.G.) Stoichiometry

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It is the relationship between the amounts of reactants and products involved in a chemical reaction o It is the finding the moles of reactant and products using given information o E.G. Dividing mass by Mr, Dividing vol. of gas by 24 Limiting reaction o Limiting reagent  It determines the amounts of products formed, as it limits it. o Excess regent  The is that reactant that is not completely used up Concentration o It is the amount of a solute (either mass or mole) dissolved in a unit volume of the solution o 1 dm3 = 1000 cm3 yield and purity o yield o

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