Formulae, Stoichiometry and Mole Concept (Writing Equations, Mole Concept and Chemical Calculations

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y Equations o Balanced  A balanced equation is when there is an equal number of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation o Ionic  An ionic equation shows the ions taking part in a reaction and the products formed, while leaving out the spectator ions that do not react Relative mass o Atomic  It is the number of times the mass of one atom of an element is greater than 1/12 of the mass of one carbon-12 isotope  It is the average mass of one atom as compared to 1/12 the mass of a carbon-12 isotope o Molecular  It is the average mass of a molecule compared to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12 isotope  It is the sum of the relative Ars of the component elements o Percentage          
          

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Formulas o Empirical  It is the simplest formula of the compound  It shows the types of elements present  It shows the simplest ration of the atoms o Molecular  It shows the exact number of atoms of each element in a molecule  Can be found using empirical formula and Mr of compound Avogadro s o Law  Equal volumes of all gases, under the same temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules (moles)  One mole of gas occupies 24 dm3 of space at rtp. of 25OC and 1 atm o Constant  In a mole of a substance there are  particles (atoms, molecules E.G.) Stoichiometry

Nickolas Teo

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It is the relationship between the amounts of reactants and products involved in a chemical reaction o It is the finding the moles of reactant and products using given information o E.G. Dividing mass by Mr, Dividing vol. of gas by 24 Limiting reaction o Limiting reagent  It determines the amounts of products formed, as it limits it. o Excess regent  The is that reactant that is not completely used up Concentration o It is the amount of a solute (either mass or mole) dissolved in a unit volume of the solution o 1 dm3 = 1000 cm3 yield and purity o yield o

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Nickolas Teo

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