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Answer Key

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Workbook | Answer Key

Grammar Revision 6 1. have … tasted


2. saw
(page 2)
3. have … received
1 1. are having 6. didn’t get 4. haven’t finished
2. woke up 7. felt 5. bought
3. was rushing 8. found out 6. left
4. fell 9. am trying
5. was getting on 10. Do … want 7 1. began 5. asked
2. had … done 6. contained
2 1. Are … taking 6. says
3. has painted 7. had built
2. is going 7. bought
4. has received 8. had taught
3. wears 8. looked
4. didn’t know 9. did … do 8 1. is going to end 5. won’t win
5. doesn’t want 10. was dancing 2. will help 6. aren’t going to go
3 1. was 6. do 3. is going to break 7. will attract
2. went 7. is 4. Is … going to study
3. were 8. think / believe
(page 4)
4. are 9. did
5. Does 10. were 9 1. She won’t forget to return your book.
2. That big box is going to fall.
4 1. These notebooks don’t belong to me. 3. I will cook dinner this evening.
2. How much does a ticket cost? 4. A magazine is going to publish them next month.
3. We can talk to Marian while we are having lunch. 5. I’m not going to go camping with you.
4. What are you doing tonight? 6. It will be a great success.
5. When did you see the doctor?
10 1. Will … have discovered
6. We didn’t go out because of the bad weather.
2. will be waiting
7. Trevor broke his leg while he was hiking.
3. won’t have completed
8. While we were having our dance party, the
4. will have finished
neighbours called the police.
5. will be having
(page 3) 6. Will … be riding
5 1. The film has just started. 11 1. I’ll be staying at the Hotel Vernet
2. How long has she worked here? 2. we won’t be sitting next to each other
3. Robert did his homework after he had played 3. will you have finished football practice by then
a computer game. / After Robert had played a 4. I will be attending meetings all morning
computer game, he did his homework.
5. Joni’s band won’t have played by then
4. I haven’t eaten meat since I was 17.
5. I had never seen / I hadn’t seen a Shakespeare play 12 1. will rain 5. are going to spill
before last night. 2. will have moved 6. will be studying
6. The teacher was angry because I had forgotten my 3. will take care 7. Is … going to teach
homework. 4. Will … have finished 8. will be cleaning
7. They have been here since 1.00.
8. They didn’t leave until they had finished the job.

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Workbook | Answer Key
(page 5) (page 7)
13 1. while 6. yesterday 5 1. countless, fascinating, happiness
2. by noon 7. next year 2. humorous, punctuation
3. at the moment 8. ever 3. announcement, activity
4. rarely 9. at this time next year 4. upsetting, championship, leadership
5. this evening 10. before 5. annoyance, sensitive
6. indifference, pollution
14 1. This tastes strange.
2. Jeff has never played the guitar.
6 1. massive 7. statement
2. sensible 8. equality
3. I listened to the radio as I was driving home. /
As I was driving home, I listened to the radio. 3. mysterious 9. comical
4. She had never run a marathon before last year. / 4. valuable 10. doubtful
Before last year, she had never run a marathon. 5. suitable 11. loneliness
5. I hope you will have walked the dog by the time I get 6. truthful 12. dedicated
home. / By the time I get home, I hope you will have
walked the dog. 7 1. provides 5. worthwhile
6. I am going to study in London next year. 2. signs 6. advertises
3. clothes shops 7. include
15 1. fly 4. slang
2. didn’t expect / hadn’t expected
3. didn’t work out
8 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.
4. had managed SKILLS PRACTICE 1 (page 8)
5. was preparing
6. had published
1 m
1
d
2

7. was progressing o r n
4
8. is … sleeping / going to sleep r e p e t i t i v e
9. was losing / had lost i l c
5

10. have ... found i v l e


11. will ... know n a s
6
c o m m u n i c a t e s
Unit 1 o o i a
n v n r
VOCABULARY (page 6) v
7
u a g y
1 Possible answers: e
8
s t
9
1. formal 5. satisfied r t e d i o u s d
2. angry 6. understand s f v u
10
3. Italy 7. childhood e u e n j o y a b l e
4. languages l l

2 1. talk me out of 4. talk it over 2 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.
2. talking back 5. talk her into
3 1. What do you think of
3. talked down to her 2. That sounds like a good way to
3 1. provide, signs 3. I’d hate that
2. notice, advertise 4. it would be great
3. graduated, degree, good-natured 5. but I’ll have to think about it a bit more
6. I really don’t know
4 1. c 2. d 3. a 4. b

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Workbook | Answer Key
grammar (page 9) 7 1. La contaminació ha causat danys enormes a moltes
espècies.
1 1. has been snowing
2. El llenguatge corporal de la Sue mostrava / va mostrar
2. had been driving que no havia donat una resposta sincera.
3. Have … been studying 3. En Sam i la Ruth han estat parlant per telèfon durant
4. hadn’t been standing dues hores. / Fa dues hores que en Sam i la Ruth
5. had … been practising parlen per telèfon.
6. hasn’t been listening 4. D’aquí a quatre anys m’hauré graduat a la universitat.
5. En Bill parlava alemany amb fluïdesa perquè feia anys
2 1. e 2. d 3. a 4. b 5. c que anava a classes.

3 Possible answers: 8 1. Has … graduated


1. We hadn’t seen each other since May. 2. have been working
2. How long have you been waiting? 3. will have heard
3. I had been trying to sell it since March. 4. hadn’t done
4. They have been renovating it for six months. 5. had been ignoring
5. I have already told you my opinion. 6. have … been playing
6. We will have finished painting by then.
skills PRACTICE 2 (page 11)
7. I have apologised to her three times.
8. I had never been there before. 1 1. b 2. b 3. a 4. a 5. b 6. a

4 Possible answers: 2 1. chatting


1. By this time next month, my aunt will have had her 2. blame
baby. 3. whispering
2. I’ve known Rachel for five years. 4. had a heart-to-heart talk
3. How long have you been learning the guitar? 5. gossip
4. Ian has just gone out. 6. yelling
5. I had to go home because I had spent all my money.
6. They have been driving for six hours. 3 1. hard
7. The doctors had been working for 24 hours before they 2. short
went home. 3. closer to
8. After we had called everyone, we had a meeting. 4. across from
5. between Michelle and Anne
(page 10)
5 1. have been saying
4 1. 1. It looks like / You can tell that
2. It looks like / Maybe / You can tell that / I guess /
2. have been
Perhaps / I suppose
3. had been using
2. It looks like / You can tell that / I guess / I suppose
4. have occurred
3. 1. probably
5. had meant
2. could be
6. will have entered
3. seem to be
6 1. ByMay,wewillhavecompletedmostofthis 4. 1. could be / seem to be
workbook. 2. It looks like / Maybe / You can tell that / I guess /
2. Let’s go for a walk. We have been studying for four Perhaps / I suppose
hours. 5. it looks like
3. How long had you been reading before you fell asleep?
4. I have never typed on an old-fashioned typewriter, but
I want to try it one day.
5. She had tried to talk me out of meeting Tim, but I
didn’t listen to her.

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Workbook | Answer Key
writing (page 12) check your progress (page 14)
1 1. As a result, Therefore 1 1. sign
2. For this reason, Consequently 2. convinced
3. Due to, Because of 3. quarrelled
4. so 4. talks down to me
5. As, Since 5. join

2 1. Since Tom is good at maths, he sometimes helps me 2 1. 1. mother tongue


with my homework. / Tom sometimes helps me with 2. slang
my homework since he is good at maths.
2. 1. clothes shop
2. The football team is finally improving as a result of
their frequent practices. / As a result of their frequent 2. advertised
practices, the football team is finally improving. 3. foreign language
3. As I forgot to bring a pen, I borrowed one. / I borrowed 4. fluent
a pen as I forgot to bring one.
4. There is a great demand for tickets. Consequently, the 3 1. a 2. b 3. a 4. a 5. b
band will give two concerts here instead of one.
4 1. had … been running
3 1. so 2. hasn’t finished
2. due to / as a result of 3. will have returned
3. Consequently 4. hadn’t seen
4. Due to / As a result of 5. have been planting
writing Task – Accept all logical and grammatically
correct answers.
5 1. have … wondered
2. had been working
extra reading (page 13) 3. had learned
4. have been using
1 1. paragraph 3 5. has been trying
2. paragraph 6
6. have been
3. paragraph 1
7. will have changed
4. paragraph 2
5. paragraph 4 6 1. Therefore / Consequently
6. paragraph 5 2. As / Since
3. As / Since
2 1. c 2. b 4. so
5. Therefore / Consequently
3 1. use BSL
2. allow the use of BSL in the classroom LANGUAGE CONSOLIDATION (page 15)
3. hearing children 1 1. B 7. D
4. an official British language 2. A 8. A
3. B 9. B
4 1. interpreters 4. A 10. D
2. prominent
5. D 11. A
3. revealed
6. B 12. C
4. provide
5. notion

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Workbook | Answer Key
2 Possible answers: grammar (page 19)
1. sure 7. had 1 1. what time I had got home the previous night / the
2. of 8. have night before
3. as 9. for 2. had been working in advertising since 1995
4. order 10. has 3. if / whether she could borrow my red shirt
5. been 11. on 4. not to touch his computer
6. over 12. pay 5. that the homework had been difficult that term
6. that she had ever said that about him / her / saying
Unit 2 that about him / her

VOCABULARY (page 16) 2 1. complained that the judges had been unfair to
him / her
1 1. c 2. d 3. a 4. b 2. wondered why I hadn’t been doing my homework
3. warned me not to spend too much when I went
2 1. profit 5. purchase shopping that day
2. investment 6. make payments 4. promised not to / she wouldn’t forget to call me the
3. consumers 7. lose business next day / the following day / the day after
4. decreased 8. charge 5. admitted that she had cheated in the exam the week
before / the previous week
3 1. adverts 5. instead of
6. insisted he hadn’t told him anything
2. exposure 6. networks
7. refused to lend me any more money
3. advertising 7. willing
4. prevent 8. unfair 3 Mr Burns told Ms Turner she should read that new
research about American teens and advertising. Ms
4 Possible answers: Turner said (that) she would definitely do it later that
1. competed 4. Marriage 7. face day.
2. Computer 5. fashion Later that day:
3. difficult 6. (the) BBC Ms Turner told Mr Burns she had finally read that new
research. He asked if / whether any of the research
(page 17) findings had surprised her. She said that she had been
surprised to learn that fewer than one-fifth of American
5 A. 1. paying attention
B. 1. keep your eyes on teens paid attention to adverts they received on their
2. paying the price 2. keep in mind mobile phones. Mr Burns agreed that it was surprising.
He said he was already working on a new plan to change
6 1. keep track of 4. paying her own way their advertising strategy.
2. keep a secret 5. pay a visit
3. keep him company 6. keeps a promise
(page 20)
4 1. had chosen 5. not to forget
7 1. advertising 5. purchase 2. had wanted 6. would … see
2. adverts 6. powerful 3. had promoted 7. would open
3. contestants 7. instead of 4. had … changed
4. grab
5 1. I suggested that we have a picnic.
8 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers. 2. My father complained that the bank had bad service.
SKILLS PRACTICE 1 (page 18) 3. Lily wondered why I didn’t like chocolate.
4. Jason told us / said that he could drive us to the
1 Accept all logical answers. concert.
2 1. b 2. a 3. a 4. b 5. Sam asked whether we had enjoyed the film the
previous evening.
3 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

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Workbook | Answer Key
6 1. En Tim es va queixar que havia estat injust que el 3 1. although / but / while
castiguessin. 2. Furthermore / Moreover
2. La Marge es preguntava per què toleràvem el 3. despite
comportament violent d’en Bob.
4. Furthermore / Moreover
3. Els meus amics van suggerir que paguéssim la part que
5. Besides
ens corresponia.
6. although / but / while
4. Vaig preguntar a en Sam quants diners devia al banc.
5. Ell em va ordenar que reduís les meves despeses. writing TASK – Accept all logical and grammatically
correct answers.
7 1. would send 5. hadn’t been
2. haven’t had paying attention extra reading (page 23)
3. will have changed 6. have been waiting 1 b
4. had known
2 1. c 2. a 3. d
skills PRACTICE 2 (page 21)
3 1. F – “Window cleaner gives a nice shine to cheese.”
1 1. controversial 4. childish 2. T – “When fizzy drinks lose their bubbles, a few drops
2. misleading 5. odd of washing-up liquid are added.”
3. eye-catching 3. F – “Raw burgers look bigger and juicier than cooked
ones do.”
2 1. childish 4. stylish 4. F – “… a slice of pizza will look very large when
2. appealing 5. powerful photographed close up on a small plate.”
3. over the top
4 1. appetising
3 1. c, e, f 2. a, b, d 2. mouth-watering
3. raw
4 1. In my opinion 4. slice
2. I think that 5. shots
3. Personally
4. I have to admit that / I suppose check your progress (page 24)
5. But don’t you think 1 1. cut back on 4. marketplace
6. I have to admit that / I suppose 2. income 5. eye-catching
3. customers 6. stylish
writing (page 22)
1 1. Despite / In spite of 2 1. e 2. a 3. f 4. d 5. b 6. g 7. c
2. while / but
3. as well as 3 1. income 4. budget
4. Furthermore / In addition 2. expense 5. catchy phrase
5. Nevertheless 3. trends

2 1. Despite having a huge advertising campaign, their 4 1. (that) we join them that night
product failed to sell. / Despite the huge advertising 2. why I / we hadn’t gone out the night before / the
campaign they had, their product failed to sell. / Their previous night
product failed to sell despite having a huge advertising 3. (that) he couldn’t go with me the next day / the
campaign. following day / the day after
2. The film was quite boring. In addition, it was too 4. to show her my ID
long. / In addition to being quite boring, the film was 5. how long she had been there
too long.
6. (that) she had been reading a lot
3. The climb was extremely difficult. Nevertheless, we
managed to reach the top. 7. having / that we have an early dinner
4. Rick is intelligent as well as nice and friendly. 8. that the clinic would be closed the next day / the
following day / the day after

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Workbook | Answer Key
5 1. complained that those chips tasted awful 4 1. disturbing 5. gifted
2. refused to pay that bill 2. for years to come 6. award
3. warned us not to be late 3. overnight 7. outrageous
4. wanted to know why I had been so tired lately 4. huge hit 8. loathe
5. admitted that their advert had been misleading
(page 27)
6 1. However 5 1. show off 3. put on
2. Besides 2. call off 4. take off
3. Even though
4. Furthermore 6 1. fit in 5. comes down on
2. keep at 6. broken up
LANGUAGE CONSOLIDATION (page 25) 3. live up to 7. put on, stood out
1 1. advertising 4. taken off 8. look up to, stood up for
2. suitable
3. countless 7 1. make a comeback 5. broke up
4. investment 2. in the spotlight 6. appeal to
5. activity 3. took off 7. keep at
6. appealing 4. been around 8. for years to come
7. valuable
8. stylish
8 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.
9. powerful SKILLS PRACTICE 1 (page 28)
10. consumers
1 Accept all logical and grammatically correct sentences.
2 1. whether I had ever played 2 Accept all logical and grammatically correct sentences.
2. haven’t used that advert since
3. a heart-to-heart 3 Accept
 all logical and grammatically correct sentences.
4. keeps a promise / her promises grammar (page 29)
5. talked me into going
6. had been working 1 1. was discovered
7. warned us not to try 2. could only be made
8. has never worked 3. were being recorded
4. has sold
Unit 3 5. have been purchased
6. is said
VOCABULARY (page 26) 7. established
1 1. F 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. F 6. F 7. T 8. F 8. are being helped / have been helped

2 Possible answers: 2 1. The concert hasn’t been advertised yet.


1. g 2. d 3. c 4. d / e 5. b 6. a / c 7. f 2. Is American Idol shown in Britain?
3. The party is going to be attended by a lot of famous
3 Possible answers: people.
1. They realised it was better to work together. 4. That suit had been worn by Elvis Presley.
2. They are so colourful. 5. That man was being photographed.
3. Most people are impressed when I tell them. 6. This video might have been filmed in Tokyo.
4. It doesn’t fit you properly.
5. They’ve been working on it for a long time.

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Workbook | Answer Key
3 1. Is she going to be offered a job? 9 1. were
Is a job going to be offered to her? 2. haven’t had
2. The dog should have been given fresh water. 3. will have completed
Fresh water should have been given to the dog.
4. is being played
3. We weren’t given our exam results today.
5. will be offered
Our exam results weren’t given to us today.
6. are having / getting … painted
4. Invitations are being sent to all their friends.
All their friends are being sent invitations. 7. had heard
skills practice 2 (page 31)
4 1. should have / get … checked
2. had / got … cleaned 1 1. T
3. has / gets … done 2. F – When a speech is moving, people are interested.
4. are having / getting … prepared / are going to have / 3. F – We use our hands to clap.
get … prepared 4. F – Musicians rehearse before a concert.
5. did … have / get … taken 5. F – There’s often an interval in the middle of a play or
concert.
(page 30)
6. F – A venue is a location.
5 1. is being planned 6. has been set up 7. T
2. reserve 7. is checked 8. F – People boo to show they don’t like something.
3. can be made 8. want / wants
4. must be arranged 9. is
2 1. front-row seats 5. atmosphere
2. sell out 6. cheering
5. have / get … cleaned 10. has been done
3. lighting 7. reviews
6 1. is said to be very generous 4. onstage 8. went wild
2. is believed to be haunted
3. is known to be expensive
3 1. b 2. a 3. a
4. are having / getting our house painted by two students 4 1. Both pictures show
5. you / they fed the dog 2. another similarity is
3. the pictures are quite different
7 1. The tickets are being sold online tomorrow. 4. One difference is that
2. They are having / getting the wedding organised by a
5. while in this one
professional.
3. I think the party should be held at Anne’s house. writing (page 32)
4. Their new CD hasn’t been released yet.
1 1. pretty
5. The awards have been given to the winners.
2. not at all
8 1. En el passat, només els nens rics podien ser enviats a la 3. absolutely
universitat. 4. terribly
2. El teu comportament ofensiu no serà tolerat per cap 5. very
membre del personal.
3. Van retornar els diners als fans perquè el concert havia 2 1. disappointing, not at all, loudly
estat / s’havia cancel·lat. 2. detailed, carefully, quite
4. Els famosos sovint són idolatrats per fans que els 3. absolutely, countless, terribly
veuen com a models de conducta.
5. La Shelley destaca perquè fa que un professional 3 1. perfect
dissenyi / un professional dissenya els seus vestits / 2. terribly
disfresses.
3. enthusiastically
4. extremely
5. impossible
6. disappointing

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Workbook | Answer Key
writing task – Accept all logical and grammatically
correct answers.
5 1. will be driven to the concert by my parents
2. of our questions were answered (by him)
Extra reading (page 33) 3. already been booked (by them)
1 1. mistrust 4. has / gets her make-up done by a professional
2. snapshots 5. the lighting effects already being designed (by him)
3. tabloids 6 1. His guitar solos were absolutely brilliant. He’s so
talented! I’m a bit jealous.
2 1. b 2. a 3. c 2. It’s terribly difficult to make such an important
decision quickly.
3 1. began to be featured in newspapers and magazines 3. That beautiful woman over there looks quite familiar.
2. they can sell them for a good price Isn’t she a famous singer?
3. tabloid journalism and paparazzi won’t disappear
LANGUAGE CONSOLIDATION (page 35)
4 1. captured 1 1. reality 6. gifted
2. unaware(s) 2. outrageous 7. massive
3. thriving 3. wealthy 8. powerful
4. hacking 4. annoyance 9. appealing
5. doubtful 5. unfair 10. creativity
check your progress (page 34) 2 Possible answers:
1 Possible answers: 1. have 7. track
1. concert 2. In 8. keep
2. admire 3. has 9. because
3. before 4. paid 10. was
4. over 5. had 11. would
5. outrageous 6. really 12. kept
6. embarrassed
Unit 4
2 1. costumes
VOCABULARY (page 36)
2. appeal to
3. stunning 1 1. Waste, landfill
4. interval 2. wildlife, drought
5. be around 3. exhaust fumes, smog
6. cheered 4. solar power, renewable energy

3 1. made it 5. spread rumours 2 1. water shortage


2. in the spotlight 6. for years to come 2. source
3. awards 7. stood up for 3. litter
4. huge hits 8. outrageous 4. Global warming
5. greenhouse effect
4 1. is read 6. carbon footprint
2. have / get … washed
3. will be given 3 1. c 2. e 3. b 4. a 5. d
4. haven’t received
5. was being made 4 1. offence 4. treasure
6. has / have just announced 2. auction 5. pass laws
7. should have been returned 3. wilderness
8. is being done

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Workbook | Answer Key
5 1. often 4. knock at the door 2 1. I’ll lock the door when I leave.
2. hadn’t 5. I’m so glad 2. If she weren’t underpaid, it would be a perfect job.
3. slow down 6. be very different 3. I wouldn’t have served that last night if I had known.
(page 37) 4. Unless you get enough sleep, you’ll be tired.
5. I’ll let you know as soon as I decide.
6 1. misbehave 5. underpaid
2. overpopulated 6. unspoilt 3 1. d 2. e 3. c 4. a 5. b
3. interchangeable 7. disapprove
4. readjust 4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.
7 1. underdeveloped 5. illiterate 5 1. If only I remembered where I put it.
2. underestimated 6. incomprehensible 2. I wish I had my own room.
3. unbelievable 7. disrespectful 3. I wish I hadn’t eaten so much cake.
4. irreplaceable 4. If only I were more outgoing.
5. I wish it would stop raining.
8 1. environmentalist 5. wilderness 6. I wish they liked my friends.
2. outspoken 6. disrupted 7. If only I had straight hair.
3. solar-powered 7. convicted 8. I wish someone had reminded me.
4. wildlife
(page 40)
9 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers. 6 1. hadn’t taken 6. have
skills PRACTICE 1 (page 38) 2. might have ended up 7. will discuss
3. were 8. would be
1 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers. 4. will happen 9. held
2 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers. 5. had thought 10. get

3 1. make a difference 7 1. If people knew the facts, they would be more worried
2. I’m convinced that / I honestly believe that / I’m sure about global warming.
that 2. We won’t finish our project on time unless we work
3. sets a good example tonight.
4. I’m convinced that / I honestly believe that / I’m sure 3. If Laura hadn’t lent me the book, I would have
that bought my own copy.
5. invest time in 4. When we get to London, we’ll call you.
6. make a contribution 5. I didn’t expect it to be sunny. I wish I had brought my
sunglasses with me.
7. achieve my own goals
8. I’m convinced that / I honestly believe that / I’m sure 8 1. No hi hauria tant de trànsit si la ciutat no estigués
that superpoblada.
9. worthwhile activity 2. Alguns països faran front a problemes socials
10. inspires other people to seriosos si la gent no aconsegueix / llevat que la gent
aconsegueixi més llibertat.
Grammar (page 39) 3. Tant de bo no hi hagués tant boirum avui.
1 1. had, would be 4. Hauria anat a la presó si hagués estat condemnat pel
2. won’t get, leave robatori.
3. had known, might have attended 5. L’ajuntament / El municipi / La municipalitat
reconstruirà les cases tan aviat com rebi un
4. were, wouldn’t throw pressupost.
5. explains, will talk
6. go, will research 9 1. had cheated 5. taken
7. would have enjoyed, had come 2. would be 6. has been protected
8. go out, take 3. is being given 7. had been sitting
4. will have become 8. weren’t

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Workbook | Answer Key
skills PRACTICE 2 (page 41) 5 1. requires 4. annually
1 1. mustn’t 5. we didn’t have much to drink 2. completed 5. currently
2. didn’t want 6. fires 3. generate
3. nothing 7. rubbish
check your progress (page 44)
4. buy a new one
1 1. Renewable energy, Solar power
2 1. exploit 5. dispose of 2. smog, exhaust fumes
2. damage 6. threaten 3. disposed of, destroyed
3. supply 7. pollute
4. cut down 2 1. replace 4. outspoken
2. litter 5. leaked
3 1. What is it? 3. water shortage 6. auction
2. What does it look like?
3. What is it made of? 3 1. court 5. unexpected
4. How does it help the environment? 2. wilderness 6. unspoilt
5. What else can you tell me about it? 3. illegal 7. cut down
6. What are the disadvantages? 4. approve 8. dump
7. Is it being used yet?
4 1. c 2. e 3. a 4. b 5. d
writing (page 42) 5 1. could drive, are
1 1. Although 2. hadn’t had, takes place
2. Unfortunately, 3. would turn on, won’t do
3. during 4. had, finish
4. Obviously,
5. Consequently 6 1. During
2. Unfortunately
2 1 3. Obviously

writing tASK – Accept all logical and grammatically LANGUAGE CONSOLIDATION (page 45)
correct answers. 1 Possible answers:
extra reading (page 43) 1. wildlife 7. told
2. also 8. dump
1 1. F 2. O
3. very 9. would
2 b 4. thrown 10. exists
5. affected 11. changed
3 1. solar panels and built-in wind turbines 6. rubbish 12. provide
2. by using rainwater
2 1. to come down on him
4 1. T – “… Hearst Tower … was built mainly with 2. project can be completed by
recycled steel.” “The Bank of America Tower … was 3. whether I had ever driven
constructed with concrete that contained waste from 4. long have you known
metal production.” 5. have been waiting for
2. F – “The next day, the melting ice is used to produce 6. wish more people had come
cool air ...” 7. wouldn’t have been wiped out
3. F – “Nearly every green skyscraper collects rainwater 8. cut back / down on my driving
for use in cooling and heating systems, in bathrooms,
to water plants and for decorative fountains.”

Advanced Contrast 2 © B Burlington Books


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Workbook | Answer Key
Unit 5 skills PRACTICE 1 (page 48)

VOCABULARY (page 46)


1 Possible answers:
1. physically demanding, long hours, high risk of injury,
1 1. odd jobs highly skilled, stressful, challenging, rewarding, well
2. shift paid, see the world
3. resign 2. prestigious, long hours, deal with difficult people,
4. self-employed highly skilled, stressful, challenging, well paid
5. overtime 3. glamorous, long hours, deal with difficult people,
highly skilled, rewarding, creative, well paid, see the
6. rise world
4. work shifts, deal with difficult people, stressful
2 1. run a business, b 5. work shifts, see the world, deal with difficult people
2. freelance, c
3. promote, a 2 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.
4. odd jobs, e
5. get training, d 3 1. it’s easy to find work in
2. the trouble with that
3 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers. 3. you wouldn’t have to
4. The problem is
4 1. see the point 5. Most people wouldn’t want
2. knowledge
6. it would be
3. accomplished
7. One advantage of your job is
4. stuff
8. Yes, but don’t forget that
5. proposed
6. raised grammar (page 49)

(page 47) 1 1. which 3. when 5. that 7. when


2. where 4. whose 6. who 8. whose
5 1. worked my way to the top, call the shots The relative pronoun can be omitted in sentences 3 and 5.
2. make a living, bread and butter
2 1. who 3. when 5. when 7. where
6 1. F – When you get paid peanuts, you don’t earn a lot. 2. which 4. whose 6. which
2. T The relative pronoun can be replaced by that in sentences 1,
3. F – When you get the sack, you lose a job. 5 and 6.
4. F – When you hold down a job, you keep it.
3 1. I read her CV, which is impressive.
7 1. show you the ropes 2. People who / that are fired are often angry and
depressed afterwards.
2. bread and butter
3. That’s the new car factory where they make electric
3. pays peanuts cars.
4. call the shots 4. My brother’s shift ends at 5.00 am, when the sun is
5. make a living just starting to rise.
5. They didn’t receive the e-mail that / which I sent
8 1. steady job 5. knowledge yesterday.
2. staff 6. challenge 6. My sister, who is 16, wants to be a lawyer. /
3. in charge of 7. make a living My sister, who wants to be a lawyer, is 16.
4. fired 8. presumes 7. We aren’t considering candidates whose applications
are late.
9 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers. 8. Jake, whose salary is higher than mine, can afford his
own flat.

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Workbook | Answer Key
4 1. This is the information on which you’ll be tested. 8 1. haven’t received
This is the information (that / which) you’ll be tested 2. is being devoted / has been devoted
on. 3. will have heard
2. The department of which she was in charge had a large 4. that / which
staff.
5. will be offered
The department (that / which) she was in charge of had
6. would … hire
a large staff.
7. had / got … cut
3. The people with whom I had lunch today work at a
high-tech company. 8. who
The people (who / that) I had lunch with today work at 9. that / which
a high-tech company. 10. hadn’t come
4. The woman about whom he was gossiping was his boss. 11. had been
The woman (who / that) he was gossiping about was
his boss. skills PRACTICE 2 (page 51)
5. The topics about which she writes are complex. 1 1. unapproachable
The topics (that / which) she writes about are complex. 2. pushy
3. trustworthy
(page 50) 4. down to earth
5 1. who / that 6. whose 5. conscientious
2. whom 7. when 6. skilled
3. who 8. where
4. that / when 9. which
2 1. team player
2. devoted
5. whose
3. work well under pressure
6 1. May is the month when we hire people to work during 4. has got common sense
the summer. 5. experienced
2. The job that you applied for / for which you applied is 6. people skills
no longer available. 7. chatterbox
3. Their office, which is quite large, is in Dean Street. 8. assertive
4. The college where I study offers a lot of engineering
classes. 3 1. a 2. b 3. b 4. a
5. The man whose house I am painting also wants me to
do some odd jobs. 4 1. What work experience have you got?
2. when did you finish school?
7 1. No trobo el sentit a renunciar a una feina que està ben 3. What are your plans for the future?
pagada.
4. What are the working hours?
2. En Mark, que va deixar l’escola / els estudis, només fa
feines esporàdiques i guanya una misèria. 5. May I ask what the salary would be?
3. Som una empresa els treballadors de la qual reben writing (page 52)
formació cada sis mesos.
4. Dimarts passat, quan en Glen va ser ascendit, va 1 1. in order not to / so as not to
convidar a sortir tot el personal. 2. to / in order to
5. El pare de la Laura va ser acomiadat de la botiga on 3. so that
havia treballat tota la seva vida. 4. in order not to / so as not to

2 1. convenient 3. I can be reached


2. in the near future 4. Yours faithfully,

3 1. would like 5. consider


2. position 6. contact
3. quite confident 7. look forward to
4. well suited 8. Yours faithfully

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Workbook | Answer Key
writing tASK – Accept all logical and grammatically
correct answers.
6 1. in response to
2. well suited
extra reading (page 53) 3. position
1 2 4. consider
5. Yours faithfully
2 1. d 2. d 3. b
LANGUAGE CONSOLIDATION (page 55)
3 1. employee theft 1 1. rewarding 6. underestimated
2. time at work to do personal things 2. living 7. valuable / valued
3. was not allowed on the job 3. likely 8. doubtful
4. he / she is a good employee 4. accomplished 9. universally
5. unsuitable 10. equality
4 1. incompetence 3. combat
2. merchandise 4. disclose 2 Possible answers:
check your progress (page 54) 1. been 7. not
2. up 8. see
1 1. devoted 4. skilled
3. because 9. take
2. got the sack 5. down-to-earth
4. to 10. away
3. promoted
5. come 11. whose
2 1. d 2. g 3. f 4. a 5. c 6. b 7. e 6. but 12. which

3 1. challenge Unit 6
2. see the point
VOCABULARY (page 56)
3. chatterbox
4. experienced 1 1. one-way 4. junction
5. deadline 2. speed limit 5. traffic jams
6. works well under pressure 3. motorway

4 1. I’ve found a job in London, where I want to live. 2 1. F – In most cars, the boot is in the back.
2. Some teenagers who / that have got problems at 2. F – You sound your horn when you want people to
home run away. notice you.
3. The project that / which he’s in charge of is 3. T
complicated. 4. F – Dead-end roads don’t lead anywhere.
4. He’ll be nervous until 5th April, when the exam 5. T
results are published. 6. F – Someone who is delayed arrives late.
5. Steve Jobs, whose leadership was important to
Apple’s success, died in October 2011. 3 1. d 2. a 3. c 4. b
The relative pronoun can be omitted in sentence 3.
4 Possible answers:
5 1. This is the person to whom you sent your application. 1. I’m not sure I’ll get a good mark.
This is the person (who / that) you sent your 2. They’re going to perform in over ten countries.
application to. 3. He’d like to ask her out.
2. I’ve read the article about which he was talking. 4. It’s very annoying.
I’ve read the article (that / which) he was talking 5. It looked so delicious.
about. 6. Its purpose was to find out how many students want
3. The man for whom I work is very nice. to go to university.
The man (who / that) I work for is very nice.
4. The report on which she’s working is due tomorrow.
The report (that / which) she’s working on is due
tomorrow.

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Workbook | Answer Key
(page 57) 2 1. You needn’t do all the exercises.
5 Possible answers: 2. How can you resist the urge to eat chocolate?
1. get out of 6. parking space 3. People ought to have first-aid supplies in their car.
2. repair 7. fast 4. He wasn’t able to complete the 10 km race.
3. hit 8. 90 km/h 5. She has to wake up very early tomorrow.
4. behind 9. behind 6. You mustn’t sound your horn near a hospital.
5. crash into 10. petrol station 7. We may move / be moving to Liverpool.
8. I might not have the information by tomorrow.
6 1. pull into 4. run over
3 1. should have left
2. pull over 5. speed up
2. needn’t / shouldn’t have worried
3. drops ... off 6. ploughed into
3. could have picked … up
7 1. junctions 6. fatal 4. may have taken
2. indicated 7. motorists 4 1. The interview must have gone well.
3. one-way 8. traffic jams 2. I shouldn’t have cheated in the exam.
4. slow down 9. lanes 3. You couldn’t have done anything to prevent the theft.
5. head-on collisions 4. I may / might have left it in my other bag.
8 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers. (page 60)
skills PRACTICE 1 (page 58) 5 1. can get 5. should have tried
2. might have been 6. could ride
1 Possible answers:
3. may be 7. were able to drive
1. you have an accident
4. needn’t meet 8. must have been
2. ploughed into our car
3. we exchanged information 6 Possible answers:
4. he went through a stop sign 1. should leave early
5. we were late 2. had better call him back
6. were taken to hospital 3. shouldn’t drive too fast
7. in the middle of the road
8. your car breaks down 7 1. I could have got my licence last year, but I didn’t.
2. May I use your phone?
2 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers. 3. You must not / mustn’t do that. It’s not permitted.
4. I shouldn’t have called you so late.
3 1. a 5. You needn’t pay for parking here. It’s free.
2. b
3. b 8 1. No puc contenir les ganes de menjar xocolata.
4. b 2. Els policies / agents de policia han de fer complir les
5. b normes / lleis.
3. Serà millor / Val més que no condueixis per sobre del
límit de velocitat.
grammar (page 59)
4. En Jim encara no ha arribat. Potser el seu cotxe s’ha
1 1. can’t 5. don’t have to espatllat / Podria ser que el seu cotxe s’hagi espatllat.
2. should 6. couldn’t 5. El tren deu / devia haver-se endarrerit a causa del
3. will be able to 7. must temporal de neu.
4. might not 8. shouldn’t
9 1. I will have taken my driving test
2. shouldn’t drive when you’re sleepy
3. wish you could have been there
4. we had left earlier, we would have avoided rush hour
5. you getting / going to get your tyre repaired
6. wanted to know what the speed limit was there
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Workbook | Answer Key
skills practice 2 (page 61) check your progress (page 64)

1 1. f 2. c 3. b 4. d 5. e 6. a 1 1. motorway 6. junction
2. motorist 7. pedestrian
2 1. right of way 5. speeding 3. one-way 8. lane
2. cautious 6. unaware 4. dead end 9. boot
3. vulnerable 7. reckless 5. pavement 10. traffic jam
4. pavement 8. Inattentive
2 1. tough 4. speeding
3 1. a 2. f 3. e 4. h 5. c 6. d 7. g 8. b 2. fatal 5. slowed down
3. seat belts 6. cautious
writing (page 62)
1 1. We left early so that we would arrive on time. 3 1. should ask
2. I’m writing in response to your advert. 2. needn’t stop
3. He’s not at all happy these days. 3. must have got
4. The weather is bad. Consequently, all flights are 4. Are … able to hear
delayed. 5. could have paid
5. We need more bike lanes. Furthermore, we need 6. might not have finished
more zebra crossings.
4 1. This might not be Anne’s phone number.
2 1. in order to 4. Furthermore 2. Could you hear what they said?
2. However 5. while 3. I shouldn’t have sent her that e-mail.
3. As a result 4. He must know about the accident by now.
writing Task – Accept all logical and grammatically 5. You ought to join us.
correct answers. 6. You needn’t have brought a map.

extra reading (page 63) 5 1. in addition to 4. Although


2. extremely 5. in order to
1 1. ten years 3. because 6. I am well suited
2. Bohmte
3. 2008 LANGUAGE CONSOLIDATION (page 65)
4. 43% 1 1. D 4. B 7. A 10. C
2. B 5. A 8. C 11. B
2 1. b 2. d 3. c
3. A 6. D 9. A 12. D
3 1. Because they are unsure of what to do. 2 1. are going to team up 5. needn’t have dropped me
2. It encourages people to behave considerately.
2. I had been going 6. which are available
3. It can be expensive to create, and it can be dangerous
for blind and disabled people. 3. are bound to pass 7. wish I could have
4. will have been open 8. me to fill up
4 1. equally 3. sense of community
2. introduced 4. blind

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