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- CHE450_CHE471_CHE481
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Mass,

No. h1 hc=(h1+50) Ixc A1 x hc hR(theory) hR(exp)

m

mm4 mm3

Unit g mm mm mm mm

(x106) (x105)

1 500 67 117 6.25 8.78 124.12 126.54

2 400 42 92 6.25 6.90 101.06 104.32

3 300 70 80 6.25 6.00 90.42 93.33

4 200 18 68 6.25 5.10 80.25 82.71

5 250 6 56 6.25 4.20 70.88 72.67

Mass,

No. h2 hc=(h2/2) Ixc A2 A2 x hc hR(theory) hR(exp)

m

mm4 2

mm3

Unit g mm mm mm mm mm

(x106) (x105)

1 200 94 47.0 5.19 7050 7050 62.68 63.01

2 150 80 40.0 3.2 6000 6000 53.33 55.00

3 100 65 32.5 1.72 4875 4875 43.36 41.73

4 50 45 22.5 0.57 3375 3375 30.00 29.36

5 30 35 17.5 0.27 2625 2625 23.33 17.86

6 20 28 14.0 0.14 2100 2100 18.72 18.47

7 10 21 10.2 0.06 1575 1575 13.91 -9.69

OBSERVATION

From the experiment, we can see that when the water is filled in the tank and the quadrant

is completely submerged, the beam at the weight hanger end tilted upward. Thus, 500g weight

was added and at the same time drain the water from the tank until the beam is horizontal. The

height of the water measurements were recorded along with the removed mass of 50 g.

CALCULATION

Ixc ,

𝑏𝑑 3 75(100)3

Ixc = = = 𝟔. 𝟐𝟓𝒙𝟏𝟎𝟔

12 12

A1 x hc ,

Where,

𝐴1 = 75 𝑥 100 = 7500 𝑚𝑚2

hR(theory)

𝐼𝑥𝑐 6.25𝑥106

ℎ𝑅(𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑦) = ℎ𝑐 + = 117 +

𝐴ℎ𝑐 8.78𝑥105

ℎ𝑅(𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑦) = 𝟏𝟐𝟒. 𝟏𝟐 𝒎𝒎

hR(exp)

𝑚𝐿 (500)(280)

ℎ𝑅(𝑒𝑥𝑝) = − 100 + ℎ1 = (0.001)(117)(7500) − 100 + 67

𝜌(ℎ1 +50)(𝐴)

ℎ𝑅(𝑒𝑥𝑝) = 𝟏𝟐𝟔. 𝟓𝟒 𝒎𝒎

Calculation for Table 8.2

Ixc ,

𝑏𝑑 3 75(ℎ2 )3 75(94)3

Ixc = = = = 𝟓. 𝟏𝟗𝒙𝟏𝟎𝟔

12 12 12

A2 x hc ,

Where,

𝐴2 = 75 𝑥 94 = 7050 𝑚𝑚2

hR(theory)

𝐼𝑥𝑐 5.91𝑥106

ℎ𝑅(𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑦) = ℎ𝑐 + = 47 +

𝐴ℎ𝑐 3.31𝑥105

ℎ𝑅(𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑦) = 𝟔𝟐. 𝟔𝟖 𝒎𝒎

hR(exp)

2𝑚𝐿 (2)(200)(280)

ℎ𝑅(𝑒𝑥𝑝) = − 200 + ℎ2 = (0.001)(94)(7050) − 200 + 94

𝜌(ℎ2 )(𝐴)

ℎ𝑅(𝑒𝑥𝑝) = 𝟔𝟑. 𝟎𝟏 𝒎𝒎

DISCUSSION

600

500

y = 4.0018x - 35.21

400

300

mass (g)

200

100

0

-20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

-100

-200

Distance hr (exp) (mm)

600

500

y = 4.0018x - 35.21

400

300

mass (g)

200

100

0

-20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

-100

-200

Distance hrr(theory) (mm)

From the graphs plotted, both of the graphs shows the same pattern which are linear graphs.

We can see that when the mass is increases, the vertical distance from point free surface to center

of pressure also increases. However, the comparison had made between theoretical values and

experimental values for the vertical distance from point free surface to center of pressure. It shows

all experimental values were consistently slightly higher than the theoretical values. This may due

some errors happen during the experiment.

In this experiment, only the forces on the plane surface were considered. However, the

hydrostatic forces on the curved surface of the quarter-circle block do happen, but they do not

affect the measurement. This is because no moment is created by forces acting on the curved

surface of the quarter circle block. The line of action of the forces on the curved surface are

perpendicular to the surface, all lines of action that acted on the curved surface will pass through

the center or so called the pivot. Thus, no moments are created and hence no effect on the results.

CONCLUSION

From this experiment, we are able to determine the center of pressure of a plane submerged

in water. We can conclude that the higher water level rises, the higher the line of action of

hydrostatic force rises. This is because, the deeper an object is immersed, the greater the force

acting upon it becomes.

However, we can see the differences between theoretical values and experimental values

for the vertical distance from point free surface to center of pressure, hr. The errors occurred due

to several factors. The factors are reading measurement.

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