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1. Where and when was the first use of Portland cement?

 Bellafontaine, Ohio (1893)
2. The inventor of Portland cement was
 Joseph Aspdin
3. What is the sample for compressive strength determination of a structural concrete?
 Concrete Cylinder Sample
4. What is the test to determine the consistency of concrete?
 Slump Test
5. What is the length required for RSB sample for quality test?
 1.0m / 10,000 kg/size/shipment
6. How many samples should be taken for every 75 cu.m fresh concrete?
 1 set consist of 3-pcs sample
7. For how many bags of cement does a 10 kgs. sample represents?
 2000 bags
8. If ductility test is for asphalt, __________ is for cement?.
 Magnesium oxide test (by autoclave machine)
9. What is the size of tamping rod used in tampering concrete sample?
 16mm Ø x 610mm long with hemispherical tip
10. What is the temperature to be maintained when curing sample after its initial curing?
 23˚C ± 1.7˚C
11. Concrete cylinders are cured and ready for test. Temperature between 63˚F to 85˚F (17.2 –
29.4˚C) are permitted for a period not to exceed ______ hours immediately prior to test if free
moisture is maintained on the surface of the specimen at all times
 3 hours
12. A beam mold measuring 6” x 6” x 21 is to be used for sampling concrete, how many
blows/tamps per layer shall be applied? ((1 blows per 2in2)
 63 blows /layers
13. The volume of concrete mixer per batch shall not exceed the mixer’s nominal capacity in cu.m
as shown on the manufacturer’s standard plate on the mixer, except that an overload up to
____ per cent above the mixer’s nominal capacity may be permitted provided concrete test
data for strength, segregation, and uniform consistency are satisfactory, and provided that no
spillage of concrete takes place.
 10%
14. How long does a vibrator be inserted in a concrete mix?
 not exceed to 15 seconds at 50 – 60 cm interval
15. Where do we take additional cores when the measurement of any core taken from pavement
is deficient in thickness by more than 25mm?
 at no less than 5 meter intervals parallel to the centreline in each direction
from the affected location
16. Slump test is a very important test in fresh concrete to determine _________?
 consistency of concrete
17. Slump test of concrete determines the following except
 workability, fluidity, consistency, job density
18. The thickness of concrete core using calliper is based on how many measurements?
 nine (9)
19. Failed samples do not necessarily mean that the structure it represents is defective, why?
 may be the sampling is incorrect
20. The specification calls for a 1:2:4 concrete mix. In a one bigger mixer, which of the following
amount of water is most likely required for the mix?
 20 liters
21. What is the required mixing of mortar for Item 505 (Stone Masonry)?
 1:2 (1 part cement and 2 parts sand by volume with sufficient water)
22. What is the required mixing of mortar for item 500 (Pipe Culverts and Storm Drains)?
 1:2 (1 part cement and 2 parts sand by volume with sufficient water)
23. The road will not be opened to traffic until test specimens molded and cured have attained the
minimum strength requirements. If such tests are not conducted prior to the specified age the
pavement shall not be operated to traffic until ______days after the concrete was placed.
 Fourteen (14)

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24. The concrete has been tested for consistency by the use of a slump cone with base and
tamping rod. After the test, the highest concrete measured is 178 mm. What is the slump of
the concrete?
 127mm (height of slump cone = 305mm)-(height of fresh conc after subsidence = 178)
25. What is the rate of revolution per time of an abrasion machine used for testing the mass
percent of wear?
 30 – 33 rpm
26. If the design of concrete mix has the following corrected batch weights: current = 40 kgs, fine
aggregates = 65 kgs, coarse aggregate = 115 kgs, and water = 15 liters. What is your actual
batch weight for 1 cu.m Class “A” concrete?
 360 bags of cement; 585 kgs of the aggregations; 1035 kgs of coarse
aggregates; 130 liters of water (provide computation)multiply the given weight by 9
27. Why is it that 6 samples are needed for quality test of concrete masonry?
 3 samples for compressive strength and 3 samples for absorption
28. The ME should always be alert of his schedule with regards to the number of days of a quality
test that takes place. Since not all construction materials can be tested just for a day or even
a week so, what is the lead time should he consider for a quality test of a cement sample?
 One (1) month
29. Properties of concrete are, except
 workability, strength, durability, cracking
30. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for centring under girders, beams, frames,
and arches
 14 days (minimum % of design strength – 80%)
31. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for floor slabs.
 14 days (minimum % of design strength – 70%)
32. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for walls.
 1 day (minimum % of design strength – 70%)
33. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for columns.
 2 days (minimum % of design strength – 70%)
34. Minimum time for removal of forms and false works for side of beams and all other vertical
 1 day (minimum % of design strength – 70%)
35. A mass of solid reinforced concrete cast around the head of a group of piles to ensure that act
as a unit to support the imposed load.
 Pile Cap
36. Class of concrete deposited in water.
 Class Seal 9.5 bags 20.7MPa(3,000psi)25mm(1” Aggregates)
37. Class of concrete used in all superstructures and heavily reinforced substructures. The
important parts of the structure included are slabs, beams, girders, columns, arch ribs, box
culverts, reinforced abutments, retaining walls and reinforced footings.
 Class A 9 bags 20.7MPa(3,000psi)37.5mm(1½” Aggregates)
38. Class of concrete used in footings, pedestal, massive pier shafts, pipe bedding and gravity
walls, unreinforced or with only a small amount of reinforcement.
 Class B 8 bags 16.5 MPa(2,400psi)50 mm(2” Aggregates)
39. Class of concrete used in thin reinforced sections, railings, pre-cast piles, cribbing, and for
filler in steel grid floors.
 Class C 9.5 bags 20.7MPa(3,000psi)12.5mm(½” Aggregates)
40. Class of concrete used in pre-stressed concrete structural members
 Class P 11 bags 37.7 MPa(5,000psi)19 mm(¾” Aggregates)
41. Height of dropping concrete to the point of deposit
 1.50m
42. Concrete beam sample when tested by Third – Point Method shall have a flexural strength of
______ when tested in 14 days.
 3.80 MPa (550 psi)
43. The required flexural strength of concrete beam sample of item 311 when tested by the
midpoint method.
 4.50 MPa (650 psi) for third point (550 psi-3.8 MPa)
44. If slag is used as coarse aggregate for item 311, the minimum density is _______
 1,120 kg/m3

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45. Minimum price allowed of contract for deficiency in strength of concrete specimens for PCCP
which 10% to less than 15%.
 70%
46. This joint is also called cold joint. It is constructed when there is an interruption of more than
30 minutes in the concreting operation.
 Transverse Construction Joint
47. If the paving of concrete pavement will be done at the rate of 200 l.m, half width per paving
day, how many sets of concrete beam samples shall be required.
Given: A = 115,000 sq.m, width = 6.50m, thickness = 230mm
 353 sets = (115,000 x .23)/75=352.67 say 353 sets
48. It is used for the rapid in – situ measurement of the structural properties of existing pavement
with unbound and granular properties.
 Dynamic Cone Penetrometer
49. What is the equipment used to pinpoint rebar’s, conduits, pipes, nails, and other metals
embedded in concrete before cutting or drilling
 Rebar Locator
50. It is an instrument used to measure pavement deflection resulting from vehicle wheel
loadings. The results of the elastic deformation test are used to evaluate the structural
condition of roads, and to help in the design of road strengthening measures and road
capacity improvement
 Benkelman Beam and Deflection Logger
51. What is the instrument that is used for examining the quality of rigid materials such as rocks
and concrete? This instrument is a non-destructive portable instrument with dimensions of
110mm x 180mm x 160 mm and its main uses includes the determination of concrete strength
(either in – situ or pre - cast), also to determine the presence of voids, cracks and other
 Pundit Ultrasonic Concrete Tester
52. The concrete pavement surface shows high spots of 15mm in a 3 – m straight edge. The
concrete in the area represented by these high spots______
 shall be removed and replaced (but if high spots being noted exceeds 3 mm
but not exceeding 12 mm, it shall be ground down only)
53. In case of scarcity or non-availability of Type I Portland cement, what type of pozzolan shall
be used?
 Portland Pozzolan Cement Type 1P
54. The required forms to be used in concrete pavement are______
 Steel forms of an approved section
55. Sawing of the weakened plane joints shall be done usually at _______
 within 24 hours
56. Removal of forms of concrete pavement
 24 hours
57. The required slump of concrete using slip – form method of paving is ___________
 1½ inches (40mm)
58. Deficiency is strength of concrete specimen wherein payment of contract price allowed is
 25% or more
59. What is the length of a lot pavement when a single traffic lane is poured?
 1,000 ln.m
60. What is the length of a lot pavement when two single traffic lanes is poured?
 500 ln.m
61. What is the required size of concrete beam sample?
 150mm x 150mm x 525mm (6”x6”x21”)
62. What is the required number of set of concrete beam specimens to be taken from each 330
sq.m of pavement and fraction thereof placed each day? ( 330m x 0.23m = 75 m3)
 1 set
63. What is the required compressive strength that concrete piles be moved?
 80% of designed 28-day compressive strength
64. The required circular pin diameter used to bend 10 – 20 mm Ø reinforcing steel.
 6d (20mm – 25mm Ø =8d), (28mm Ø and above = 10d)
65. What is the slump of concrete Class A deposited in water?
 10 to 20cm

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66. Concrete samples may be tested at an earlier stage in order to ___.

 determine the trend of its strength development
67. What is the test criterion for reinforced concrete pipe tested in a three-edge bearing test
 0.3 mm crack
68. In testing concrete cylinder sample, the applied load should be continuous without shock at a
constant rate within the range of _____.
 20 – 50 psi/sec. (compression); 125 – 175 psi/sec. (flexural)
69. Cement which has been in storage for a long period of time and that there is already doubt as
to its quality should:
 be rested prior to use
70. If no beam sample taken to determine the strength of concrete pavement, is it allowed in
DPWH specs to use-core samples to determine the strength. What is the required
compressive strength?
 Yes, 3,500 psi at 14 days
71. The use of sea water in reinforced concrete may _______.
 induce risk of corrosion in reinforcing steel
72. How many hours do a fine aggregate tested for specific gravity and absorption is soaked in
 15 – 19 hours
73. How to determine if the fine aggregate reaches the saturated dry condition?
 It is determined by the use of cone test for surface moisture. If the molded
shape of fine aggregate slumps slightly, it indicates that it has reached a
surface dry condition
74. What are the tests required for concrete aggregates?
 Fine aggregates = grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit weight
 coarse aggregate = grading, specific gravity, absorption dry unit weight and
Note: soundness test is also performed as per request
75. What are the size or diameter and weight of cast – iron spheres used in abrasion test?
 Approximately 46.8mm Ø and each weighing between 390 – 455 grams
76. What is the required total weight of sample for abrasion test of coarse aggregate grading A
with 12 as number of spheres?
 5,000 grams ± 25 grams
77. What is the significance of abrasion test?
 It evaluates the structural strength of coarse aggregate. It gives an indication
of quality as determined by resistance to impact and wear. It also determines
whether the aggregates will have degradation during traffic or rolling.
78. What is the sieve used in sieving materials for abrasion test?
 No. 12 (1.70 mm)
79. At what age should a concrete beam sample be tasted for flexural test?
 14 days
80. How to compute the flexural strength of concrete beam sample tested at third point?
 R=PL/bd2
81. How to compute the flexural strength of concrete beam sample tested at center point?
3 PL
 R = ----------
82. Concrete masonry (hollow blocks) if subject to test, how many samples are required?
 6 pcs / 10,000 units (12 pcs if more than 10,000 units)
83. What is the strength requirement for load bearing concrete masonry units?
 Individual = 5.5 MPa (800psi) min
 Average (for 3 samples) = 6.9 MPa (1000psi) min
84. What is the strength requirement for non-load bearing concrete masonry units?
 Individual = 3.45 MPa (500 psi) min
 Average (for 2 samples) = 4.5 MPa (600psi) min
85. What is the significance of testing reinforcing steel bars?
 To determine the yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its
elongation and is used to classify the bars into grades

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86. What is the significance of bending test for RSB?

 To evaluate the ductile properties of reinforcing steel bars
87. The main problem associated with wrong practice of conveying concrete is called_______.
 Segregation
88. During the application of the first half of the anticipated load a ______ rate of loading shall be
 Higher
89. Quality of factory- produced of RCCP may be best established through what?
 Test of concrete pipe samples
90. In placing concrete, the required temperature should be less than _________.
 29⁰C
91. How many concrete cylinder samples is required for a 300pcs RCCP?
 12 sets (1 set/25 pcs of RCCP)
92. If concrete cylinder is not available for a 300pcs RCCP, how many pipes shall be subjected to
 6 pcs RCCP (1pc RCCP/50 pcs RCCP)
93. If there is necessity to add water to the concrete mix in order to increase its workability
(provided concrete does not exceed specified slump), how many minutes after the initial time
of mixing does adding water permitted?
 Not exceeding 45 minutes and that water-cement ration is not exceeded
94. W h e n w a t e r i s a d d e d t o m i x t u r e t o b r i n g t h e s l u m p w i t h i n r e q u i r e d limit,
it shall be injected into the mixer under such pressure and direction of flow that the
requirement for uniformity and desired slump of concrete are met. The drum shall be
turned on additional _______ revolution or more.
 30 revolutions
95. What is the allowable slump of a workable concrete if not vibrated?
 40 mm – 75 mm
96. What is the allowable slump of a workable concrete if vibrated?
 10 mm – 40 mm
97. When concrete is mixed in a central mixing plant, what is the time of mixing?
 50 seconds – 90 seconds
98. In transporting concrete, what is the time elapsed from the time water is added to the mix until
the concrete is deposited in- place at the site?
 It shall not exceed 45 minutes if hauled in non-agitating trucks and 90
minutes if hauled in truck mixers or agitators
99. How is concrete consolidated?
 By the use of vibrator inserted in the concrete vertically
100. If the lanes are concreted separately, what kind of joint in a form of a keyway is used?
 Longitudinal construction joint
101. What kind of bar is placed perpendicular to the joint stated in the preceding problem?
 Deformed steel tie bars
102. What is the depth of the weaken plane joint when sawed with a concrete saw?
 Not less than 50 mm
103. The width of the weaken plane joint is_____.
 Not less than 6 mm
104. What shall be done if cracks appear at or near the joint prior to the time of sawing?
 Sawing shall be omitted
105. Tie bars shall not be coated or painted with ______.
 Asphalt or other materials
106. What is the material that is used as load transfer device held in a position parallel to the
surface and center line of the slab of pavement?
 Dowel (plain round bars)
107. To protect dowels from corrosion and to facilitate sliding in concrete, it shall be coated
 Thin film of bitumen
108. The surface of pavement shall be roughened by means of_______.
 Brooming
109. What is the depth of corrugation produced by brooming in the surface of the pavement?
 1.5 mm

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110. The surface of a newly put concrete when has sufficiently set shall be cured for a period
 72 hours
111. The curing of the pavement is done by means of the following:
 By covering the concrete with mats saturated with water
 By thoroughly wetting the pavement
 By ponding
 By applying curing compound immediately after finishing of the surface
112. When is the right time to seal the joints?
 After the curing period or before it is opened to traffic
113. What is the difference between Item 504 and Item 505 (bluebook ’95)?
 The placement of stone or boulders and the ratio of cement and fine sand
114. The maximum absorption content of CHB
 240 kg/m2
115. The maximum moisture content of CHB
 45%
116. The allowable % variation in mass of deformed reinforcing steel is
 6% maximum under nominal stress
117. The maximum allowable % phosphorus content of a deformed and plain ballet steel bar is
 0.06%
118. Tensile and yield strengths of steel bars?
Tensile Strength Yield Point
 Grade 40 483 MPa 276 MPa
 Grade 60 621 MPa 414 MPa
 Grade 75 689 MPa 517MPa
119. In truck mixing, the minimum number of revolution after all ingredients including water is in the
drum is
 100 rpm
120. Mortar shall be used within in ___ after its preparation.
 90 minutes
121. In placing concrete for slabs, using buggies, the correct method that should be followed is
 Concrete should be dumped into the face of the previously placed concrete
122. There is a failure of flexural strength in the pavement, if you are the ME of your firm, what will
you recommend?
 Conduct recoring
123. It is an impervious membrane applied to concrete pavement before its initial setting that
prevents rapid evaporation of water from the mix.
 Curing compound
124. The test that determines the resistance of aggregates to disintegration by saturated solution
sulfate or magnesium sulfate.
 Soundness test
125. The design of concrete mix specified in the bluebook is based on
 Absolute Design Method
126. The initial setting time of Portland cement is not less than
 45 minutes
127. The final setting time of Portland cement
 10 hours
128. The standard sand used in testing the mortar strength of Portland cement
 Ottawa sand
129. The apparatus used to determine the fineness of Portland cement by air permeability.
 Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus
130. A mixture of cement and water is
 Cement paste
131. The apparatus used to determine the initial and final setting of Portland cement in the
 Gillmore Needle
132. Le Chattelier Flask is an apparatus used in determination of specific gravity of Hydraulic

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133. Autoclave Machine is equipment used in determination of soundness of Portland cement

134. The compressive strength of cement mortar samples in 7 days is
 19.3 MPa (2800psi)
135. What is the appearance of the molded cement paste which fails to meet the autoclave?
 Crumbled
136. T h e b e a r i n g b l o c k s o f t h e c o m p r e s s i o n m a c h i n e s h o u l d b e a t least 3.0%
greater than the diameter of the specimen.
137. The bottom bearing block shall be at least 1.0”(25.0mm) thick
when new.
138. The bottom bearing block shall be at least 0.90”(22.50mm) thick
a f t e r a n y resurfacing operations.
139. T h e c u r i n g t e m p e r a t u r e o f a s p e c i m e n b e f o r e t e s t i n g i s 18⁰C to 24⁰C.
140. T h e c o n c r e t e s h a l l n o t b e l e f t e x p o s e d f o r m o r e t h a n ½ hour between
stages of curing or during the curing period.
141. The critical number of days or curing of concrete
 First seven (7) days
142. The best enemy of construction.
 Water
143. Consist of furnishing, placing and finishing concrete in all structures except pavements
conforming to the lines, grade and dimension.
 Structural concrete
144. Occurs on PCCP when the cutting of weakened plane is delayed.
 Shrinkage cracking
145. What is the primary purpose in establishing design criteria in design?
 Consistency
146. Measure of construction materials for concrete structure shall be
 Volume
147. Steel bars are considered undersize if
 Its nominal diameter as determined by calliper doesn’t meet the
manufactured size.
148. Concrete curing refers to
 Procedure done to maximize concrete strength
149. What type of cracks will appear on concrete if it was not cured immediately after final
placement especially during the first seven days?
 Plastic Shrinkage Cracks
150. What is commonly used as curing media on fresh concrete?
 Liquid membrane forming
151. What is the work sequence on cylinder specimen?
 Cylinder shall be prepared, cured and tested at the specified date
152. When to remove the false work of continuous structure?
 When the 1st & 2nd adjoining span on each side have reached the specified
153. Occurring usually at the transverse cracks joint caused by excessive expansion of the slabs
during hot weather.
 Buckling
154. The splitting of concrete surface material from the concrete pavement.
 Crushing
155. The theory of concrete design mix is to
 Optimize aggregates packing and optimizes properties of cement mortar.
156. To optimize the properties of the cement mortar, one has to depend on
 Cement type, cement content and water content
157. What type of cement is the Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement?
 Type 1S
158. Portland – Pozzolan cement for use in general concrete construction.
 Type IP
159. Portland – Pozzolan cement for use in concrete construction where high strength at early
ages not required.
 Type P

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160. Type I is for general use such as

 Concrete pavements & sidewalks, building & bridges and tanks & water
161. Type III cement is used for
 Early stripping of forms & high early strength
162. Type IV is used for
 Massive structures such as dams
163. Type V cement is used for
 When sulphate content of ground water is very high
164. Portland cement is composed of blended materials containing
 Calcium, alumina, iron and silica
165. The simple recipe of Portland cement is
 2 parts of crushed limestone,
 1 part clay/pulverized shale,
 1 pinch of iron ore, added to clinker
 1 pinch of gypsum
166. The 75% compressive strength of Portland cement is composed of
 C3S and C2S
167. The 25% setting time of Portland cement is controlled by
 C3A and C4AF
168. Calcium Silicate Gel (C-S-H) and lime [Ca (OH) 2] are developed when____ is added to
Portland cement.
 Water
169. When Portland cement contains a low C3A, it means
 The setting time is larger
170. Surplus lime [Ca (OH) 2] in Portland cement when mixed with water takes cares of the
 alkalinity
171. Coarse aggregates can be taken from
 Crushed rock, slags and river gravel
172. The water required for concrete mix should be
 Fresh water
173. Sea water is deleterious to concrete mix unless an admixture is added because it contains
 Chloride
174. The entrapped air in concrete is;
 Accidental and unwanted
175. The entrained air in the concrete is
 Deliberate and desirable
176. We use aggregate in concrete as
 Filler materials in concrete
177. Aggregates are important in concrete because they strongly influence
 The properties of concrete,
 its mix proportion and
 its economy
178. Which of the following is not deleterious material to concrete?
 Calcium
 Chloride
 Coal
 Sulphate
179. Over sanded and under sanded mixture require more water to be workable, but making it so
will only result to sacrifice in
 Strength
180. Concrete in the area represented by the cores will be considered adequate if the average
strength of the core is equal to or at least ________ of the specified strength, fc’ and no single
core is less than ______.
 85% of fc’, 75% of fc’
181. Fine aggregate shall be rejected when it fails in the _____ for organic impurities.
 Colormatic test

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182. Portland cement may be / shall be rejected if:

 It has partially set, it contains lumps of cake cement and it comes from a
discarded or used bag
183. A measurement of the coarseness or fineness or aggregates.
 Fineness Modulus
184. Excess water needed for absorption of coarse aggregates.
 Free water
185. A general term relating to the character of a mix with respect to its fluidity.
 Consistency
186. Type A admixture is classified by ASTM C494 as
 Water – reducing admixture
187. The minimum width of paved sidewalk
 1.5 m
188. A cement which has a cementitious effect
 Portland Cement
189. What chemical property in the composition of steel material that will cause brittleness or cold
shortness when its content goes beyond 0.05% to 0.10%.
 Phosphorous
190. If you want to adjust the slump and the air content, how will you do it?
 ± 10mm slump = ± 2 kg/m3 from (water)
 ± air entrapment = ± 3 kg/m3 of average (water)
191. In non-entrained concrete, what is the range of% air entrained?
 3% - 0.2% (small – bigger aggregates)
192. In the air-entrained concrete, what is the range of % air entrained?
 8% - 3% (small – bigger aggregates)
193. For constant water-cement ratio, what will happen of air content is involved?
 The strength of concrete is reduced
194. What will happen if you lower the water-cement ratio and maintaining other values of its
 It will acquire strength
195. What is the mixing time of concrete?
 1.5 m3 capacity mixer, T ≥ 60 seconds
 Above 1.5 m3 capacity mixer, T ≥ 90 seconds
196. When cement is in contact with moist aggregates, batch made by mix will be disallowed
 1½ hours or 90 minutes
197. How many hours should an aggregate be washed and stockpiled or binned before batching
 12 hours prior to batching shall be stockpiled or binned for draining
198. When will truck mixing start?
 Mixing shall begin within 30 minutes upon cement has due added, 15
minutes when wet aggregates is used, as 32⁰C temperature is present
199. Concrete delivered by agitation of truck mixer must be discharged within 1 hour or 250
revolutions of the drum or loader. Why?
 To avoid over mixing and initial setting of concrete
200. In final computation of concrete in road to be paid, what is the maximum size of pipe that is
negligible in the volume computation?
 Pipes with 4” Ø or less
201. A term applied to the characteristic of steel which makes it brittle when cold.
 Cold Shortness
202. Allowable amount of phosphorous in steel
 0.05 to 0.10%
203. A method use in the phosphorous content determination
 Phospo-molybdate Method
204. The end surfaces of all compression test specimen shall not be deposited from a plane by
more than ________
 0.002 inch

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205. Minimum ultimate tensile strength of prestressing reinforcing steel (tendons).

 1000 Mpa (145,000 psi)
206. Minimum yield strength, measured by 0.7% extensions under load method shall not be less
 895.7 Mpa (130,000 psi)
207. Minimum modulus of elasticity
 25,000,000
208. Minimum elongation in 20 bar diameter after rapture
 4%
209. Diameter Tolerance
 + 0.762 mm to – 0.254 mm (+ 0.03” to – 0.01”)
210. Type of pre-stressing reinforcing bar to be used conforming to AASHTO M203
 Type 270 K
211. pH Value of wash water to be used in cement.
 4.5 to 8.5
212. Total Solids in wash water for concrete.
 500 parts/million max
213. Abrasion Test
- Evaluate the structural strength of C.A.
- Gives an indication of quality as determined by resistance to impact & wear.
- It determines whether the aggregate will have degradation during traffic or rolling
214. The value of this is use in the design and control of concrete mixture.
 Specific Gravity of Cement
215. This determines the fineness of cement which affects the strength of cement.
 Fineness of Cement Test
216. This determines the amount of water required to prepare hydraulic cement paste for testing.
 Normal Consistency Test of Cement
217. The purpose of this test is to establish whether cement complies with a specification limit on
setting time.
 Time of Setting by Gilmore Needle
218. This test provides an index of potential delayed expansion caused by the hydration of
Calcium Oxide (CaO) or Magnesium Oxide (MgO) or both.
 Soundness Test by Autoclave Expansion
219. This test determines whether or not the hydraulic cement under test meets the air entertaining
requirements of the specifications.
 Air Content Test
220. This is caused to determine the compressive strength of hydraulic cement that will be used.
 Mortar Strength
221. This determines the freshness of cement and the amount of moisture present in the cement.
 Loss on Ignition(900⁰C - 1000⁰C heating temperature)
222. This determines the inert materials (acid insoluble material) present in the cement.
 Insoluble Residue Test
223. This determines the amount of gypsum added to the cement to regulate its setting.
 Sulfur Trioxide Test
224. This determines the soundness of cement.
 Magnesium Oxide Test (autoclave machine)
225. Natural Pozzolan Cement.
 Volcanic Ash /(volcanic earth)
226. These are finely divided residue that result from the combustion of ground or powdered coal.
 Fly Ash
227. Artificial Pozzolan Cement
 Fly Ash
228. Diameter of sphere used in Abrasion Test.
 46.8mmØ
229. Wt. of cast iron spheres
 390 grams
Concrete & Concrete Products Page 10/25

230. Wt. of steel spheres.

 455 grams
231. No. of spheres needed & weight of sample/grading.
 Grading A – 12 spheres – 5000 ± 25 grams
 Grading B – 11 spheres – 4584 ± 25 grams
 Grading C – 8 spheres – 3330 ± 20 grams
 Grading D – 6 spheres – 2500 ± 15 grams
232. Defined as the product obtained by burning to incipient fusion a properly proportioned mixture
of argillaceous and calcareous materials.
 Portland Cement
233. This is burnt product which is used by Gypsum and pulverized to form Portland cement.
 Clinker
234. This reacts or combined with H2O, one that will harden underwater.
 Hydraulic Cement
235. This is the heat produced by the chemical reaction between cement and H 2O.
 Heat of Hydration
236. This is the process in which the cement reacts or combined chemically with H 2O.
 Hydration
237. Those materials that contribute Silica (SiO2), Alumina (Al2O3) and Iron Oxide (Fe2O3) to the
clinker, its include clay, shale, iron ore and sand, etc.
 Argillaceous Raw Materials
238. Those material which contribute Lime (CaO) and Magnesia (MgO) to the clinker, its include
limestone, chalk, marls, marine oyster shells, etc.
 Calcareous Raw Materials
239. This type of cement is used for General Construction.
 Normal Cement or Type I
240. These are used where sulfate concentration in ground waters are higher than normal but not
sever, generate heat at a slower rate than normal.
 Moderate Sulfate Resistant or Type II
241. This type develops approximately 190% of the strength of Type 1 at 3 days & 90 to 130% at
28 days.
 High Early Strength or Type III
242. This is special cement for use where the amount and rate of heat generated must be
 Low Heat of Hydration or Type IV
243. Special cement intended to be used in structure to prevent damaged from severe sulfate
action of soils or high alkali content of H2O.
 Sulfate Resistant or Type V
244. The consistency of the concrete mixture should be checked frequently by this test.
 Slump Test
245. Slump of concrete deposited in water.
 between 10 – 20 cm
246. The minimum cement content of concrete deposited in water.
 400kg/cu.m. of concrete
247. The maximum distance of the discharge point from the point of deposit by pneumatic means.
 3.0 meters
248. The maximum time for consolidation/compaction of structural/concrete.
 15 seconds
249. The space interval of inserting vibrator that should be withdrawn vertically to penetrate
underlying lift for homogeneity between lifts.
 50 – 60 cm
250. Min. bar lapping for tension.
 24 bar Ǿ for G40
 36 bar Ǿ for G60
251. Min. bar lapping distance for compression.
 20 bar Ǿ for G40
 24 bar Ǿ for G60
252. Min. separation of splices when staggered.
 40 bar Ǿ

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253. Consist of furnishing, placing and finishing concrete in all structures except pavement
conforming to the lines, grade and dimensions.
 Structural Concrete
254. Min. grouting pressure for bonding tendons.
 0.6894 MPa (100 psi)
255. When concrete pile cast in place formed by first removing the soil by drilling and filling the
void by concrete.
 Bored Pile
256. The instrument used in placing concrete in water in a compact mass in its final position.
 Tremie with 250 mm Ø
257. Max. Length of tremie pile and its diameter.
 2.5 meters and 20cm Ø
258. Length of tremie pipe that must be submerged into concrete.
 2 – 6 m w/ Bentonite
 3.5 m without Bentonite
259. What is density of Bentonite to 1cu.m of H2O.
 30 -100 kilos/cu.m
260. Reinforcement that consists of spiral bars coiled outside the main longitudinal reinforcement.
 Transverse Reinforcement
261. The usual size of the stiffening rings.
 2.5mm Ø
262. The minimum spacing of steel bars on bored piles to ensure that concrete would still flow
outwards to the walls of the bored piles.
 100 mm
263. Must be within the limit of water cement ratio for concrete.
 0.50 – 0.60
264. Required revolution of concrete mixer.
 4 – 6 RPM
265. The minimum revolution for each concrete mix.
 100 Revolutions
266. The minimum interval of concrete pouring to avoid cold joint.
 30 minutes
267. The main objective of this design is to determine the main proportion of the ingredients that
will produce concrete of the proper workability when fresh and the desired durability and
strength after it has hardened.
 Design of the Concrete Mixture
268. This should be done during the first seven days in order that the expected development of
strength will be obtained and the occurrence of plastic cracks will be prevented or minimized.
 Curing of Concrete
269. For item 505 (Stone Masonry) qty of Cement & Fine Aggregate.
 Cement – 2 bags/cu.m
 F.A. – 0.17 cu.m/cu.m of concrete
270. Placing of Riprap must be
 Perpendicular to the slope
271. Placing of stone masonry must be
 Parallel to the slope
272. Min. required of weep-holes & their diameter Ø
 2 meters o. c. & 2” Ø
273. Strength requirement for PCCP
 Flexural = 500 psi
 Compressive = 3,550 psi
274. If concrete is continuously moist, cured, it will gain strength beyond 180 days
 True
275. The quality of paving concrete is usually measured by its
 Flexural Strength
276. Generally speaking, batching of aggregate by volume is preferable than weight
 False
277. If angular coarse aggregate is used in concrete mix, it will require more
 Water and Fine Aggregate

Concrete & Concrete Products Page 12/25


278. Lower water cement ratio in concrete mixes improves

 Strength
279. When concrete must be placed in a sloping surface, placing should start at the
 Bottom
280. The maximum % Abrasion Loss for concrete coarse aggregate is
 40%
281. In casting reinforced concrete railings, the concrete used is
 Class C1
282. In casting of reinforced concrete piles, the concrete used is
 Class C2
283. What is the right proportion for stone masonry?
 1 : 2 (1 part cement: 2 parts sand)
284. The allowable smooth riding quality of PCCP
 3mm
285. Curing period of concrete after brooming
 72 hours after concrete hardened
286. A concrete where compression is included before application of working loads so that tension
under these working load is reduced.
 Pre-stressed Concrete
287. The system of pre-stressing wherein the steel tendons are tensioned before placing concrete.
 Pre-tensioning
288. The system of pre-stressing wherein the steel tendons are tensioned after the concrete has
been placed and has attained a specific strength.
 Post Tensioning
289. It is manufactured in the form of spiral wound galvanized sheet of metal strip which are mortar
 Ducts
290. Positional Tolerance of duct tubes during casting operations
 +1 to -4mm (±4mm)
291. Assist in rigidly holding duct tubes, through positions during placement of concrete
 Tendons
292. Installed base on the post-tension system being used.
 Anchorage
293. An important operation having dual purpose of protecting the post-tensioned steel tendon and
relieving the anchorage of stress fluctuation
 Grouting
294. All grout shall pass through a screen with a __ maximum clear opening.
 2 mm
295. The maximum jacking force of the specified minimum ultimate strength of the steel tendon
must not succeed
 85%
296. Steel tendons should be grouted with an approved grout mixture after the completion of
stressing operation within
 48 hours
297. The minimum grouting pressure is
 700 kpa / 15 seconds or 0.6894 Mpa (100 psi)
298. Quality Test for joint filter
 1 – QT for each shipment
 4.5 kg. Per batch of the joint sealer
299. For RSB, 1 QT (Bending, Tension & Chemical analysis for every)
 10,000 kilos

300. The completed pavement shall be accepted on a lot basis. A lot shall be considered as 500
linear meter double lane.
301. E a c h l o t s h a l l b e d i v i d e d i n t o 5 e q u a l s e g m e n t s a n d o n e c o r e will be
obtained from each segment in accordance with AASHTO T24.

302. Minimum thickness and covering for rubble concrete is

 30cm. (12”) & 5cm.(2”) respectively.

Concrete & Concrete Products Page 13/25


303. Size requirement of stone masonry

 T = 150mm (6”)
 W = 1.5 T
 L = 1.5W
304. Volume of mortar in riprap
 45%
305. Minimum number of days to cure concrete by ponding method
 7 days
306. The type of H2O reducing admixtures that are used to produce flowing concrete
 Super Plasticizers
307. Super Plasticizer can reduce the H2O content by ____% and increase 24 hour strength by___
 25 to 35%
 50 to 70%
308. Admixture which help incorporate a controlled amount of air in the form of minute bubbles by
concrete during mixing without significantly altering the setting or the rate of hardening
characteristics of concrete.
 Air Entraining Admixture
309. Admixture used to speed-up the initial set of concrete
 Accelerator
310. The type additive that is used to delay the setting of fresh concrete.
 Retarder
311. Material other than the basic ingredient of concrete mix immediately before or during mixing
to modify one or more of the specific properties of concrete in the fresh hardened states.
 Admixture
312. Minimum diameter of storm pipes.
 450mm
313. Spacing of inlets shall not exceed ____ for cleaning & maintenance purposes.
 40 meters
314. The top of storm pipes shall not be less than ____ below the finish grade.
 0.60 meter
315. Weighted loss of F.A. subjected to 5 cycles of the sodium sulphate soundness test should not
exceed ____ (for PCCP).
 10 mass % min. ; (wash loss not exceed 3%)
316. What is the weighted of C.A. when subjected to 5 cycles of sodium sulphate soundness test,
 12 mass % min. ; (wash loss not exceed 1%)
317. The measured amount of cement content shall be with in what percent of the designed
cement content.
 ± 2%
318. If high early strength cement is used in casting piles, piles shall not be moved, transported or
driven prior to _____.
 7 days after casting.
319. These are the planes of weakness created by forming or cutting grooves in the surface of the
pavement and shall include load transfer assemblies.
 Transverse Contraction Joint
320. This is formed by installing a parting strip to be left in places as shown on the plans.
 Transverse Strip Contraction Joint
321. This is created by sawing grooves in the surfaces of the pavement of the width. depth and at
the spacing and lines on the plans, with an approved concrete saw.
 Sawed Contraction Joint
322. This shall be constructed when there is an interruption of more than 30 minute in the
concreting operation.
 Transverse Contraction Joint
323. This shall be held in position parallel to the surfaces & centreline of the slab by a metal device
that is left in the pavement.
 Load Transfer Device (Dowel)
324. Minimum length of concrete pile.
 3.0 meters

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325. Weight and min thickness of boulders required for Class A – Grouted Riprap.
 15 kg – 25 kg (50% weighing ˃ 20kg) 300mm
326. For Class B
 30 – 70 kg (50% weighing > 50 kg) 500mm
327. For Class C
 60 – 100 kg (50% weighing > 80 kg) 600mm
328. For Class D.
 100 – 200 kg (50% weighing > 150 kg) 800mm
329. In Stone Masonry, what is the maximum projection of rock faces beyond the pitch lines?
 not more than 50mm
330. Over-sanded and under-sanded concrete mix require more H2O to have better workability, but
this will only result in the following except one.
 water tightness
331. If angular CA is used in concrete mix, it will require more:
 Water and F. A.

332. Testing machine should be calibrated once every six (6) months if possible but if it not
possible what is the required time should the machine be calibrated?
Ans. Once a year
333. What is the percent tolerance of error in calibrating the machine?
Ans. +/- 1%
334. How to compute for the compressive strength of concrete cylinder sample?
Ans. CS = P/A (N/m2) Pa
P= loads, N
A = area, sq. m.
A = πD2 / 4
335. Which part of the batch for fresh concrete should the sample is taken from a stationary mixer,
revolving drum truck mixers or agitators?
Ans. two or more regular intervals during discharge of middle portion of the batch
336. How to determine the thickness of pavement?
Ans. by means of concrete core
337. What is the difference between item 504 and item 505?
Ans. placement of stone or boulders and the ratio of cement and fine sand
338. What is the ration of fine aggregates to the number of bags of cement for grout in item
504 and 505?
Ans. for item 504 its one part cement to three part fine sand (1:3)
for item 505 its one part cement to two parts fine sand (1:2)
339. W hat is the minimum number of representative cores that shall be
t a k e n from each member area of concrete in place that is considered deficient?
Ans. 3 cores
340. The strength level of concrete will be considered satisfactory if the
average of all sets of three consecutive strength test result equal or exceed the specified
strength and no individual strength test result is deficient by more than how many percent?
Ans. 15%
341. For major interchanges and busy intersection, PCCP will be allowed to open on the ______ to
minimize occurrence of road congestion.
Ans. 7th day
342. In hot or dry weather, the masonry shall be satisfactory protected from the sun and shall
be kept wet for a period at least _________ after completion.
Ans... Three (3) days
343. Sulfur caps on specimen be allowed to hardened for at least one (1) hr. before applying. ( or
after it has cool down to room temperature)


a) Poor or inadequate curing practices.
b) An excessively high slump, over-trowelling the surface or over-compressing can
depress coarse aggregate. This produces an excessive concentration of cement
paste and fines at the surface. This overly rich surface is then a prime candidate
for cracking.

Concrete & Concrete Products Page 15/25


c) Finishing or bull floating concrete with bleed H 2O on the surface, over-trowelling

or premature trowelling increases the water / cement ratio, creating a weak
surface layer and adding to the susceptibility of cracking and later dusting.
d) Additional Dry Cement sprinkled on the surface to dry up on overly wet surface
can cause alligator cracking.
e) Additional H2O added to the surface of dry shake and toppings as finishing aid is
another prime cause for alligator cracks.
Alligator cracks are usually 3mm deep.
Plastic Shrinkage cracks area generally 1 meter apart and 12mm deep.

345. In placing concrete for slab using buggies, the correct method will be.
a) Concrete should be dumped into face of previously placed concrete.
b) Dump concrete away from previously placed concrete
c) Any of a) & b)
346. The strength of # 5 steel bar that was tested for;
Yield Load = 13,000 lbs.
Ultimate Load = 30,000 1bs Yield Load, lbs
Determine the grade of steel? Yield Stress, psi =------------------------
a) Grade 30 Area of bar, in2
b) Grade 40 = 13,000 lbs
c) Grade 60 0.31 in2
= 41,935 lbs/in2 say 40,000 = Grade 40
347. Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate within ____ %
throughout the range of use. Scales shall be inspected and sealed as often as the Engineer
may deem necessary to assure their continued accuracy.
a) 1.0 %,
b) 1.5 %
c) 0.5 %
348. Concrete admixtures used when the normal setting time is shortened by higher temperature,
preventing the formation of cold joint, reduce the incidence of thermal cracking and to
maintain concrete workability during large pours or long ready-mix hauls;
a) Accelerator
b) Retarders
c) Superplasticizers
349. An angular coarse aggregate use for concrete mix will provide more;
a) Water content
b) Cement and water
c) Cement and fine aggregates
350. Thickness determination of concrete cores shall be done at;
a) 4 measurements
b) 6 measurements
c) 9 measurements
351. No. of sets of concrete cylinder sample taken for every 75 cu.m. of concrete;
a) 1 set (3 cylinder)
b) 2 sets (6 cylinder)
c) 3 sets (9 cylinder)
352. There is a failure of flexural strength in the pavement, if you are the ME of your firm, what will
you recommend?
a) Reject
b) Recoring
c) Remove and replace
353. Most effective factor for strength of concrete;
a) Water-cement ratio
b) Water , cement and fine aggregates
c) Cement plus water
354. Number of hours that concrete cylinder sample to be submitted to the laboratory before
a) 24 hours
b) 48 hours
c) 12 hours

Concrete & Concrete Products Page 16/25


355. Required weight of sample for testing for coarse aggregates use for concreting;
a) 40 kgs
b) 50 kgs
c) 70 kgs
356. Required weight of sample for testing for fine aggregates use for concreting;
a) 40 kgs
b) 50 kgs
c) 70 kgs
357. Most specifications for concrete exposed to weathering require that water-cement ratio;
a) 0.46
b) 0.53
c) 0.55
358. What test of cement determines the amount of water required to prepare hydraulic cement
a) Specific Gravity
b) Normal Consistency
c) Time of Setting
359. A concrete road section was not accepted for payment because beam samples representing
said section failed to meet specified strength requirements. As Materials Engineer of the
project, what would you recommend?
a) Conduct T-core test for strength determination
b) Conduct Field Density Test
c) Remove and replace said section
360. ____________ are materials added to the concrete mix immediate before or during mixing to
modify one or more properties of concrete in the fresh or hardened state.
a) Curing Compound
b) Admixtures
c) Sulfate
361. _____________ is the heat produced by the chemical reaction of cement and water.
a) Heat of hydration
b) Hydrolysis
c) Incipient fusion
362. In breaking cylinder samples, the load should be applied at a uniform rate within the range of
_________ per minute.
a) 20 – 50 psi
b) 120 – 130 psi
c) 125 – 175 psi
363. Ends of cylinder samples which are not plane within ____ shall be capped.
a) 0.050 mm
b) 0.050 in
c) 0.050 cm
364. Concrete specimen molded in a 6” x 6” x 21” beam mold should be rodded
a) 60
b) 61
c) 62
d) 63 times (1 blows per 2 inch2)
365. Quality determination of concrete coarse aggregate sample requires
a) abrasion test
b) sieve analysis
c) stability
d) both a and b
366. Concrete fine aggregate should be tested for
a) compaction
b) stripping
c) stability
d) none of the preceding
367. Admixtures are used to
a) improve workability
b) increase strength
c) retard initial setting
d) all of the preceding
Concrete & Concrete Products Page 17/25

368. a) Compressive strength b) Flexural strength c) Bond d) All of the preceding will improved if
water – cement ratio is lowered.

369. Angular coarse aggregate will requ ire more___ per unit volume of concrete
a) sand
b) water
c) both a and b
370. Slump test could be used to detect
a) increase in cement content
b) increase in water
c) increase in volume
d) increase in aggregate
371. Greatest net water is required in a concrete mix with
a) very coarse
b) coarse
c) fine
d) very fine, fine aggregate
372. If the concrete beam specimen is raptures during test outside the middle third, but within 5%
of the span length, the formula to be used in computing the stress is
a) R = PL/bd2
b) R = 3Pa/bd2
c) R = PLa/bd2
373. In molding concrete cylinder specimen, each layer should be rodded ___ times.
a) 25
b) 56
c) 60
d) 100 times
374. Concrete cylinder sample should be molded in ____ equal layers
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
375. Maintaining the water-cement ratio, the concrete containing____ maximum size of aggregates
will develop the highest strength.
a) 50.0 mm
b) 37.5 mm?? ? ?
c) 19.0 mm
d) 12.5 mm,
376. Paving concrete will need less____ than structural concrete
a) sand
b) water
c) coarse aggregates
d) both a & b
377. Tests for coarse aggregate include
a) abrasion
b) mortar strength
c) absorption
d) all of the preceding
378. Tests for fine aggregate for concrete include
a) gradation
b) mortar strength
c) abrasion
d) all of the preceding

379. Unless otherwise specified in the special provision, the type of Portland cement used in
paving concrete shall be
a) Type I
b) Type II
c) Type III
d) Type IV

Concrete & Concrete Products Page 18/25


380. The desired property of fresh concrete is

a) strength
b) durability
c) workability
d) water tightness
381. The sieve used in the separation of aggregates after the abrasion test is
a) 1.70 mm (No.12)
b) 0.425 mm (No 40)
c) 4.75 mm (No.4)
382. Concrete beam specimens for paving concrete are molded in
a) 2 equal layers
b) 3 equal layers
c) 4 equal layers
d) any of the preceding
383. A minimum cement factor of ____ bags/cu.m. of concrete for paving concrete (based on 94
lbs bags of cement)
a) 7.5 94 lbs = 42.73kgs
b) 8.5 class A = 360kgs of cement/42.73 kgs = 8.4 say 8.5
c) 9.5
d) 10.0
384. The volume of the,____ can be calculated by performing the unit weight test on the fresh
a) concrete
b) cement
c) air
d) all of the preceding
385. The used of manufactured fine aggregates will generally require more
a) mixing water
b) fine aggregate
c) coarse aggregate
d) both a & b
386. The two (2) major components of concrete are.
a) paste and mineral aggregates
b) cement and water
c) water and coarse aggregates
387. The coarser the fine aggregate, the higher the fines modulus.
a) yes
b) no
c) it depends on grading

388. The more the concrete is exposed, the greater the range of movement is.
a) true
b) false
c) it depends upon the type of cement
389. The samples of RSB to be submitted for test should be at least
a) 20 cm
b) 40 cm
c) 100 cm
390. For ITEM 311 PCCP, coarse aggregate shall have a mass percent of wear not
exceeding___ when tested by AASTHO T -96
a) 50%
b) 40%
c) 45%
d) 60%
391. At least one (1) set of 3 c ylinder samples shall be taken from____ cu.m. of each
class of concrete or fraction thereof, placed each day
a) 50
b) 75
c) 100
d) 150

Concrete & Concrete Products Page 19/25


392. Fine aggregates used in concrete pavement shall contain no more than ____ of
material passing the 0.075mm sieve by washing
a) 1.5%
b) 3%
c) 4%
d) 1%
393. Requirement of PCCP construction
a) opening to traffic after 14 days the concrete was placed
b) opening to traffic after 28days the concrete was placed
c) a compressive strength of 25.08 Mpa or more
394. In manufacture of culvert pipes, the class of concrete used is
a) Class “C”
b) Class “B”
c) Class “A”
395. A Portland cement concrete pavement, 6.5m wide and 23 cm. thick will be
constructed for a total paved area of 165,000 m2. Angular coarse aggregate will be
used. If pavement will be opened to traffic 14 days
a) How many bags of cement will be required for Class “A”
b) How many quality tests are required for the cement?
c) How many quality and grading tests each are required for the
coarse and fine aggregates?
d) How many sets of concrete beam samples will be required?
V concrete = 165,000 x 0.23 = 37,950 m3

a) cement= 37,950 x 9 = 341,550 bags

b) QT of cement = 341,550/2000 = 171
c) V F A = 37,950 x 0.54= 20493 ; Q F A = 20,493/1500= 14
: G F A = 20,493/75 = 274

V C A = 37,950 x .68 = 25,886 ; Q C A = 25,806/1500 = 18

; G C A = 25,806/75 = 345
d) 3 7 , 9 5 0 / 7 5 = 5 0 6 s e t s
396. The localized upward displacement of a pavement due to swelling of the subgrade or some
portion of the pavement structure.
a) Upheaval
b) ravelling
c) edge cracking
397. Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate within ____ %
throughout the range of use. Scales shall be inspected and sealed as often as the Engineer
may deem necessary to assure their continued accuracy.
d) 1.0 %,
e) 1.5 %
f) 0.5 %
398. When cement is placed in contact with the aggregate, batches may be rejected unless mixed
within _____ hours of such contact.
a. 1.5 hours (90 minutes)
b. 2.0 hours,
c. 0.5 hours,
399. When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the mixing time shall not be less than
______ nor more than ____ unless mixer performance test prove adequate mixing of
concrete in a shorter time period.
a. 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
b. 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
c. 60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
400. The flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum by the end of the first
____ seconds of the mixing period.
a) 45 seconds c) 15 seconds
b) 30 seconds d) 20 seconds

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401. When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may be added to the batch and
additional mixing performed to increase the slump to meet the specified requirement if
permitted by the Engineer, provided all these operation are performed within ____ after the
initial mixing operation and the water and cement ratio is not exceeded.
a) 30 minutes c) 45 minutes
b) 15 minutes d) 60 minutes
402. The concrete samples should be stored in a moist conditioned temperature within the range
of ________ until the time of test. (for best results = 15.5⁰ C to 37.5⁰ C)
a. 18* C to 24* C c) 14* C to 24* C
b. 15* C to 18* C d) 18* C to 28* C
403. Cast in place concrete shall not be post – tensioned until at least ____ and until the
compressive strength has reached the strength specified.
a) 7 days b) 10 days c) 14 days d) 20 days
404. Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8,300 to 9,600 impulses per minute under load at
a maximum spacing of ____ cm.
a) 30 cm c) 60 cm
b) 50 cm d) 40 cm
405. Before the cement is to be used, sampling must be done at least _____ before use.
a) one week c) two weeks
b) 14 days d) 12 days
406. Batching tolerance for Sand and Aggregate is ________.
a) 1 % b) 3 % c) 2 %
407. Between stages of curing, concrete shall not be exposed for more than how many hours?
a) 24 hours c) ½ hour
b) 3 hours d) 72 hours
408. As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with major honeycombed area that is considered as
defective work?
a) Plaster
b) Payment of the concrete will be made an adjustment
c) Removed and replaced at the expensed of the contractor
409. If the strength of control specimen does not meet the requirement and not feasible to obtain
cores due to structural consideration, as a Materials Engineer what will be your decision?
a) Removed and replaced
b) Area will not be paid
c) Payment will be made at an adjusted price
410. After concrete has been placed, it is advisable to maintain fully wetted and in position for how
many hours?
a) 14 hours c) 72 hours (3 days)
b) 24 hours d) 15 – 18 hours
411. Minimum penetration of all piles shall be ____.
a) 3 meter c) 7 meter
b) 6 meter d) 4.5 meter
412. Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of concrete less than _____ old.
a) 7 days b) 14 day c) 21 days
413. The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than ____ and a width of ___.
a) 40 mm & 6 mm c) 40 mm & 5 mm
b) 50 mm & 5 mm d) 50 mm & 6 mm
414. Submission of sample for testing for cement is _____.
a) 10 kg c) 15 kg
b) 20 kg d) 40 kg
415. For small project where quantity of steel bars is 10,000 kg or less, what is the basis for
acceptance of material?
a) No testing b) Mill certificate c) P.E, certificate
416. What is the relative strength of mortar at 7 & 28 days of fine aggregates, when tested for the
effect of organic impurities, which is higher than the standard?
a) not less than 90 % c) not less than 95 %
b) not less than 80 % d) not less than 98 %
417. What is the rate of loading for concrete beam tested for flexural stress?
a) 110 – 150 psi/sec c) 125 – 175 psi/sec
b) 115 – 150 psi/sec d) 130 - 175 psi/sec

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418. In concrete sampling paste shall be of normal consistency of _____ when the rod settles to a
point below the original surface in 30 secs.
a) 10 +/- 1 mm c) 15 +/- 1mm
b) 11 +/- 1 mm d) 20 +/- 1 mm
419. Retarder can delay the setting time of concrete up to how many hours?
a) 1 hour c) 4 hours
b) 2 hours d) 8 hours
420. Super plasticizer can increase the strength of concrete up to how many percent?
a) 40 –60 % c) 50 – 70 %
b) 50 – 60 % d) 60 – 70 %
421. In the absence of beam mold in site, cylinder mold is allowed by specification. What is the
required strength?
a) 2,500 psi c) 3,500 psi @ 14th days
b) 3,000 psi d) 4,000 psi
422. ________ burnt product which is used by Gypsum and pulverized to form Portland Cement.
a) Hydraulic cement c) Fly Ash
b) Clinker d) Volcanic
423. ______ is a type of cement which shall be transferred to an elevated, air tight and weather
proof bins storage.
a) Portland Cement c) Bulk Cement
b) Pozzolan Cement d) None of the above
424. The minimum thickness of conventional concrete as the surface course in monolithic
a) 50 mm c) 100 mm
b) 75 mm d) 150 mm
425. The number of specimen samples in testing concrete hollow block.
a) 6pcs./10,000 units (3 for absorption test and 3 for strength test )
b) 8 pcs./10,000 units
c) 4pcs/10,000 units
426. T h e k i n d o f t e s t t h a t d e t e r m i n e s t h e c o n s i s t e n c y o f c o n c r e t e i s _____.
a) Slump test c) Abrasion test
b) Specific Gravity
427. What is the dimension of concrete cylindrical sample?
a) 6” dia. and 12” high c) 8” dia. and 14 high
b) 4” dia and 8” high
428. The minimum compressive strength for class A concrete is
a) 3,000 psi (20.7 NM/m2)
b) 2,400 psi (16.5 NM/m2)
c) 5,000 psi (37.7 NM/m2)
429. A tie bar shall be ______.
a) Deformed bar b) round bar c) flat bar
430. A dowel bar shall be_____.
a) Deformed bar b) round bar c) flat bar
431. The mortar for masonry units shall consist of _________.
a) One (1) part Portland cement & two (2) parts of sand
b) One(1) part Portland cement & three (3) parts of sand
c) one (1)part Portland cement & four (4) parts of sand
432. _______is the type of cement to be used in the DPWH
infrastructure project as indicated in the Blue Book.
a) Portland Cement Type I
b) Pozzolan Cement
c) Portland Cement Type II
433. The design of concrete mix specified by the blue book is based on ____..
a) Absolute Volume Method
b) Area Method
c) American Method
434. The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when tested by third point
loading method is ____________.
a) 3.5 Mpa b) 3.8 Mpa (550 psi) c) 4.0 Mpa

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435. The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when tested by midpoint method
is .
a) 4.5 Mpa (650psi) b) 3.5 Mpa c) 5.0 Mpa
436. Equipment used in the consolidation of fresh concrete.
a) jack hammer b) vibrator c) drilling machine
437. The prescribed forms to be used in concrete paving is called ____
a) steel forms b) wooden c) combination of steel and wood
438. The initial setting time of Portland cement is not less than __________.
a) 30min. b) 60 min. (1 hour) c) 90 min
439. The final setting time of Portland cement Type I is _____________.
a) 10 hrs. b) 24 hrs. c) 36 hrs.
440. The apparatus used in determining the fineness of Portland cement by air permeability is
a) Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus
b) Sieve No. 200
c) Gillmore
441. A mixture of cement and water is called ____________.
a) Cement paste b) mortar paste c) concrete paste
442. The apparatus used to determine the initial and final setting of cement in the laboratory is.
a) Gillmore needles b) Bailey needle c) Vicat apparatus
443. The compressive strength of cement mortar sample in seven
days is not less than _________.
a) 19.3 NM/m2 b) 20 NM/m2 c) 24 NM/m2
444. The dimension of beam sample for paving concrete is ___________.
a) 6” x 6” x 21” b) 6” x 6” x 24” c) 4” x 4”x218”
445. The standard dimension of concrete cylindrical sample is ___________.
a) 6” dia. and 12” tall b) 6” dia. and 6” tall c) 6” dia. and 8” tall
446. There are two layers in performing sampling of beam samples. How many numbers of blows
are required per layer?
a) 63 blows b) 75 blows c) 50 blows
447. There are three layers in performing sampling of concrete cylinder. How many blows are
required per layer?
a) 25 blows b) 30 blows c ) 35 blows
448. The formula which determines the proportion of the mix which can meet the desired strength
requirement of concrete is called____________.
a) Design of concrete mix
b) Boyle’s Formula
c) Bernoulli’s Formula
449. There is 1 – Q of cement required for every ____________.
a) 4,000 bags or fraction thereof
b) 2,000 bags or fraction thereof
c) 10,000 bags
450. There is1 – Q of steel bars required for every _______________.
a) 20,000 kg or fraction thereof
b) 10,000 kg or fraction thereof
c) 15,000 kg or fraction thereof
451. How many set of beam samples taken for every 75 cu. m. of concrete poured per day?
a) one ( 1 ) set b) two ( 2 ) sets c) three ( 3 ) sets
452. In a completed pavement, what is the minimum core samples required before payment is
effected? (Assuming that the thickness is 23 cm.)
a) Five holes per km per lane
b) One hole per 500m
c) P.E. Certificate
453. In a Barangay road, what is the minimum requirement for thickness determination of its
completed pavement?
a) Five holes per km per lane
b) P.E. Certificate
c) One hole
454. Rate of application of curing compound is _______
a) 0.30 li/sm
b) 0.20 li/sm
c) 0.15 li/sm
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455. Quality of factory produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best

established through what?
a) compressive strength test c) core test
b) flexural strength test d) crushing strength test
456. If the RC pipe in the forgoing problem is not cast in the field, how many pipes will be required
to be subjected to the Crushing Strength test? (3,500 pcs)
a) 75 pcs. b) 70 pcs. c) 100 pcs 1pcc/50pcs

457. How many concrete cylinder samples are required for 3,500pcs of reinforced concrete pipes?
a) 14 sets of 3 c) 75 sets of 3
b) 140 sets of 3 d) none of the above 1 set/25pcs
458. Steel bars for the concrete reinforcement are tested for their _____ properties.
a) Tensile and bending b) compressive c) crushing
459. What method is used in determining the strength of concrete pipes?
a) third point loading method
b) center point loading method
c) Three edge bearing method
460. This is the only class of riprap that may consist of round natural stones.
Ans... Class A Riprap
461. Fine aggregates of masonry shall all passes the ________ mm.sieve.
Ans... 2.36 mm (No. 8 sieve)
462. Maximum projection of rock faces beyond the pitch lines shall not be more than _____.
Ans... 50 mm.
463. The use of sea water in reinforced concrete is not allowed due to ____.
a) no effect
b) cause of reduction in ultimate strength of concrete
c) induce corrosion of R.S.B
d) b and c
464. How do you determine the diameter of RSB?
a) by Vernier Caliper b) by unit weight (7850 kgs/cu.m.)
465. Different brand of cement should not be allowed because _______.
a) different in texture c) varies in strength
b) different in color when dried
466. PH value of water used in concrete is ___________.
a) 4 to 6 c) 6 to 10
b) 6 to 8 d) 3 to 5
467. What is the boundary between Coarse and Fine aggregates used in concreting?
a) passing No. 3/8 sieve c) passing No. 6 sieve
b) passing No. 4 sieve d) passing No. 8 sieve
468. The request for re-coring shall be made by the contractor within ____weeks after the official
result of the coring test has been released if the structure failed to meet strength requirement.
a) one ( 1 ) c) three ( 3 )
b) two ( 2 ) d) four ( 4 )
469. Revised design strength for concrete works was set f orth from 14 days
to 7 days for concrete pavement for national roads and _____ days for major interchanges
and busy intersection thus minimizing occurrence of road congestion.
a) seven( 7 ) c) six ( 6 )
b) three ( 3 ) d) four ( 4 )
470. Compressive strength for mortar samples test at 3 days and 7 seven days can be considered
for acceptance provided the strength of the samples at 7 days is not less than ________ Mpa
which is 85% of the compressive strength for 28 days
a) 22.08 MPa c) 23.45 MPa (3500psi)
b) 24.84 MPa d) 21.53 MPa
471. The use of Fly Ash concrete mix as mineral admixture in PCCP and as ______ % replaces
the Portland cement in concrete mix.
a) 15 % c) 25 %
b) 20% d)10 %
472. This is an instrument used to measure pavement deflections resulting from vehicle wheel
loading. The results of the elastic deformation test are used to evaluate the structural
condition of roads, and to help in the design of road strengthening measure and road capacity
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a) Dynamic Cone Penetrator

b) Falling Weight Deflectometer
c) Three ( 3 ) Meter Straight Edge
d) Benkelman Beam - (Deflection Logger)
473. This is equipment which is used to measure differential deflection between joints
of a concrete pavement to determine the modulus of the existing slabs for use in the design of
an overlay
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrometer
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer
c) Benkelman Beam
d ) Merlin Road Roughness Measuring Device
474. In the foregoing illustration determine the average thickness of PCCP.
Position Actual Measurement
1 23.4
2 23.5
3 23.6
4 23.6
5 23.4
6 23.3
7 23.3
8 23.4
a) 23.433 b) 23.43 c) 23.40 d) 23.438
475. Vibrator shall not be operated longer than ___ seconds in anyone location.
a) 10 b) 15 c) 20 d) 25
476. When placing concrete, what is the required temperature of concrete?
a) less than 29*C c) less than 30*C
b) less than 28*C d) less than 31*C
477. In PCCP coring, what is the specified thickness of an individual measurement that shall not
be included in the average?
a) less than 20 mm. c) less than 25 mm.
b) more than 20 mm. d) more than 25 mm.
478. A tremie shall consist of a tube having a diameter of not less than ______ mm. constructed in
sections having flanged couplings fitted with gasket with a hopper at the top.
a) 200mm c) 250mm
b) 300 mm d) 150mm
479. The fine aggregate used in stone masonry mortar shall all pass No.____ sieve.
a) # 40 sieve c) # 30 sieve
b) # 8 sieve (2.36mm) d) 3/8” sieve
480. For a rich mixture of cement in concrete, what determines the flexural
strength of the concrete?
a. Mortar strength c) both a & b
b. the strength of aggregate d) the water/cement ratio
481. The spacing center to center of circumferential reinforcement of all pipes shall not exceed its
wall thickness and shall in no case exceed _______________.
a. 150mm. b) 200 mm. c) 100 mm. d) 250 mm.
482. O v e r - s a n d e d a n d u n d e r - s a n d e d c o n c r e t e m i x t u r e s r e q u i r e m o r e water in
order to be workable but will only result to ______________.
a) good surface texture
b) water tightens
c) weak strength
d) all of the above
483. For every lean mixes or low cement content of the mixture, what determines the flexural
strength of the concrete?
a. The strength of aggregates c) The water cement ratio
b. The mortar strength d) All of the above
484. The minimum test requirement for water used in concrete for a questionable source is.
a) P.E. Certificate b) 1 – Quality Test c) Inspection Report
485. A concrete core sample having a maximum height of less than_____ of its diameter before
capping or height less than its diameter after capping shall not be tested.
a) 90 % b) 95 % c) 98%

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