You are on page 1of 30

SOLAR REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

+
BASIC CONCEPT

Utilisation of solar energy for cooling purpose


In this system ,solar energy is coupled with
vapour absorption refrigeration system
VAPOUR ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

The main parts of basic VARS are:


Absorber
Pump
Generator
Condenser
Throttling valve
Evaporator
VARS PAIRS

 Ammonia Water
 Water LiBr
 R22 - dimethyl ether tetraethylene glycol
(DMETEG)
 R21 - DMETEG
 R22 - dimethyl formamide (DMF)
 R12 - dimethyl acetamide
 R22 - dimethyl acetamide
 R21 - dimethyl ester
LAYOUT
WORKING
• Ammonia vapour produced in the generator at
high pressure from strong solution of NH3 by an
external heating source.
• The water vapour carried with ammonia is
removed in the rectifier and only dehydrated
ammonia gets enters into the condenser
• The cooled NH3 solution is passed through
throttle valve and the pressure and temperature
of refrigerant are reduced below the
temperature to be maintain in the evaporator.
 The low temperature refrigerant enters the
evaporator and absorbs the required heat
from evaporator and leaves the evaporator
as saturated vapour
 Slightly superheated low pressure NH3
vapour is absorbed by weak solution of NH3
which is sprayed in the absorber
 Weak NH3 solution(aqua-ammonia) entering
the absorber becomes strong solution after
absorbing NH3 vapour and then it is pumped
to the generator through heat exchanger
 The pump increases the pressure of strong
solution to generated pressure.
 The strong NH3 solution coming from the
absorber absorbs heat from high temperature
weak NH3 solution in heat exchanger
 The solution in the generator becomes weak
as NH3 vapour comes out of it
 The weak high temperature ammonia
solution from the generator is passed to the
heat exchanger from throttle valve
 The pressure of the liquid is reduced to
absorber pressure by the throttle valve
COMBINING VARS WITH SOLAR ENERGY

 The main power consumption of VARS is


generator.
 So,the power is supplied by solar energy

 Hence the amount of energy required to run


the generator is calculated for the desired
conditions.
CALCULATIONS

Calculations are performed for the ammonia


water VARS based on
Condenser Pressure
Evaporator Pressure
Generator Temperature
Absorber Temperature
Calculations related to
heat
Calculations related
to radiation
EQIVALENT DAYS FOR MONTHS

MONTHS EQUIVALENT
DAYS
JANUARY 17
FEBRUARY 16
MARCH 16
APRIL 15
MAY 15
JUNE 11
JULY 17
AUGUST 16
SEPTEMBER 15
OCTOBER 15
NOVEMBER 14
DECEMBER 10
AVERAGE SUNSHINE HOURS FOR MONTHS
MONTHS AVG. SUNSHINE
HOURS
JANUARY 8.6
FEBRUARY 9.5
MARCH 9.8
APRIL 9.2
MAY 8.4
JUNE 6.5
JULY 4.8
AUGUST 5.3
SEPTEMBER 6.2
OCTOBER 6.5
NOVEMBER 6.9

DECEMBER 7.6
TIMELINE
REFERENCES

Refrigeration and air conditioning


-
C.P.Arora
Solar Energy-Principles of Thermal
Collection and Storage
- S.P.
Sukhatme
www.ashrae.org
www.wikipedia.org