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Mass of small marble = 0.

503 kg
Mass of big marble = 1.230 kg
Average total run time: 23.23s
Stage Emech during that stage Emech total during that stage

1 Slingshot Elastic Potential Energy: ½kx2 Emech total = UE + Ug + KE


x = 0.14m = 1.26J + 4.93J + 0.00966J
k = 18N/0.14m = 129N/m = 6.20J
UE = ½(129N/m)(0.14m)2 =1.26J

Gravitational Potential Energy: mgh


m = 0.503kg g = 9.8m/s2 h = 1m
Ug = (0.503kg)(9.8m/s2) (1m) = 4.93J

Kinetic Energy: ½mv2


m = 0.503 kg
v = d/t = 0.80m/4.09s = 0.196m/s
KE = ½(0.503kg)(0.196m/s)2
= 0.00966J

2 Vertical Gravitational Potential Energy: mgh Emech total = Ug +KE


Loop m = 0.503kg g = 9.8m/s2 h = 0.96m = 4.73J + 0.0162J
Ug = (0.503kg)(9.8m/s2) (0.96m) = 4.73J = 4.75J

Kinetic Energy: ½mv2


m = 0.503 kg v = d/t = 0.54m/2.13s = 0.254m/s
KE = ½(0.503kg)(0.254m/s)2 = 0.0162J

3 Horizontal Gravitational Potential Energy: mgh Emech total = KE + Ug


Loop m = 0.503kg g = 9.8m/s2 h = 0.62m = 0.0310J + 3.06J
Ug = (0.503kg)(9.8m/s2) (0.62m) = 3.06J = 3.09J

Kinetic Energy: ½mv2


m = 0.503 kg v = d/t = 1.51m/4.30s = 0.351m/s
KE = ½(0.503kg)(0.351m/s)2 = 0.0310J

4 Pulley & KE before collision: Emech total = KE


Inelastic Kinetic Energy: 0.0310J = 0.0276J
Collision
KE after collision:
Kinetic Energy: ½mv2
m1 = 0.503 kg m2 = 1.230 kg v = d/t = 0.1m/0.56s
= 0.179m/s
KE = ½(1.733kg)(0.179m/s)2 = 0.0276J
Ball falls into cup, KE and Ug = 0

5 Hill #1 2nd Marble: 2nd Marble:


Gravitational Potential Energy: mgh Emech total = KE + Ug
m = 0.503kg g = 9.8m/s2 h = 0.43m = 0.0157J + 2.12J
Ug = (0.503kg)(9.8m/s2) (0.43m) = 2.12J = 2.14J

Kinetic Energy: ½mv2


m = 0.503 kg v = d/t = 0.79m/3.16s = 0.250m/s
KE = ½(0.503kg)(0.250m/s)2 = 0.0157J

6 Ramp 2nd Marble: 2nd Marble:


Gravitational Potential Energy: mgh Emech total = KE + Ug
m = 0.503kg g = 9.8m/s2 h = 0.23m = 0.00180J + 1.13J
Ug = (0.503kg)(9.8m/s2) (0.23m) = 1.13J = 1.13J

Kinetic Energy: ½mv2


m = 0.503 kg v = d/t = 0.60m/7.10s = 0.0845m/s
KE = ½(0.503kg)(0.0845m/s)2 = 0.00180J

7 Hill #2 3rd Marble: 3rd Marble:


Gravitational Potential Energy: mgh Emech total = KE + Ug
m = 0.503kg g = 9.8m/s2 h = 0.35m = 0.00641J + 1.73J
Ug = (0.503kg)(9.8m/s2) (0.35m) = 1.73J = 3.09J

Kinetic Energy: ½mv2


m = 0.503 kg v = d/t = 0.65m/4.07s = 0.160m/s
KE = ½(0.503kg)(0.160m/s)2 = 0.00641J

8 DC motor Electric Potential Energy: Emech total = Ue


R =pL/A = 1.90J
A = cross sectional area of the wire

L = Length of wire = 0.90m


R =[(1.72 x 10-8)(0.90)]/(7.85 x 10-7) = 0.0197 ohms
I = V / R = 1.5 / 0.0197 = 76.1 A

coulomb (C) = ampere (A) ∙ second (s)


C = 76.1/60 = 1.27 C

E=V*Q
= 1.5 * 1.27 C
= 1.90 J
*All answers are rounded to 3 s.d.