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Example:

Design the base slab of a 12 m diameter circular storage tank which is restin
as shown in the Fig. 1. Height of the tank above the base slab is 4 m includin
Wall thickness is 12 cm. Assume weight of filling material (non-liquid) = 15 kN
base slab.

Material load

Roof slab
Load from wall

Design load (Roof Salb and Wall)

Base slab

For the purpose of analysis of the base slab, it may be assumed to be supported on fi
periphery and loaded with:
(i) a uniformly distributed factored load of 104.16 kN/m2 acting downward,
(ii) an upward load of 450.392 kN/m acting on the periphery of a concentric circle of
9 m diameter, and
(ii) a load of 38.069 kN/m acting downward at the outer periphery; this load will be dire
transmitted to the fictious supports hence, it will not induce any stresses in the slab

The loads are shown in Fig. 2. The edge moment due to monolithic connection with w
compared with the slab moments under laods, therefore, the base slab is treated as s
periphery.

Forces due to uniformly distributed load of 104.16 kN/m2

a = 6 m, w = 104.16 kN/m2

Radial moment, circumferential moment and shear force are calculated based on
equations of Case I i.e simply supported slab with UDL. Results are shown in
Table 1.

Forces due to concentric load (p = 450.392 kN/m i.e P = 12734.52 kN)

a = 6 m, b = 4.5 m P = 12734.52 kN

Radial moment, circumferential moment and shear force are calculated based on
equations of Case 3 i.e simply supported slab with concentric load.
Results are shown in Table 2.
slab of a 12 m diameter circular storage tank which is resting on a 9 m circular ring beam
ig. 1. Height of the tank above the base slab is 4 m including 15 cm thick flat roofslab.
12 cm. Assume weight of filling material (non-liquid) = 15 kN/m 3. Design the top and the

Table 1 :

r (m)
Mr (kN.m)
Mθ (kN.m)
V (kN)

Table 2 :

r (m)
Mr (kN.m)
Mθ (kN.m)
Diameter of tank 12 m V (kN)
Diameter of base ring beam 9 m
Ht. of tank above base slab 4 m
Thickness of roof slab 15 cm Subtracting Table 2 from Table 1 wi
Wall thickness 12 cm results are given in Table 3.
Wt. of filling material = 15 kN/m3
Unit wt. of concrete 24 kN/m3
LL on roof slab 1.5 kN/m2
Wall diameter C/C = 12 - 0.12 = 11.88 m Table 3 = Table 2 - Table 1
r (m)
Clear ht. of tank = 4 - 0.15 3.85 m Mr (kN.m)
Load due to filling material = 3.85 * 15 57.75 kN/m2 Mθ (kN.m)
V (kN)
DL of roof slab = π*122*0.15*24/4 407.150 kN
LL on roof slab = π*122*1.5/ 4 169.646 kN
Max B.M.
fcu
DL from wall = π*11.88*0.12*3.85*24= 413.828 kN
d = √(205.611*106/(0.156*30*1000))
Total design load from roof slab & wall (P) =
1.4(407.150+413.828) + 1.6(169.646) = 1420.803 kN
Design load per unit length = 1420.803/π/(12-0.12) 38.069 kN/m d

Slab thickness = 9000/26 = 346.154 mm, say 350.00 mm d-effective


Self wt. of base slab = 0.35*24 = 8.40 kN/m2 d-total
Total load on base slab = Self wt.+Mat. Load = 66.15 kN/m2
Design load = 1.4*8.4+1.6*57.75 = 104.16 kN/m2

Total vertical downward design load = k = M/(fcu*b*d2)


1420.803+104.16*π(12-2*wall thickness)2/4 12734.52 kN z/d = 0.5 + √(0.25-k/0.9)
Load per unit length = 12734.52/π/9 450.392 kN/m
As = 205.611*106 / (0.95*fy*(z/d)*d)

s of the base slab, it may be assumed to be supported on fictitious supports at the outer
fy
actored load of 104.16 kN/m2 acting downward,
392 kN/m acting on the periphery of a concentric circle of
k
acting downward at the outer periphery; this load will be directly z/d
us supports hence, it will not induce any stresses in the slab.
As
g. 2. The edge moment due to monolithic connection with wall is generally very small No. of bars
ments under laods, therefore, the base slab is treated as simply supported at its

distributed load of 104.16 kN/m2

kN/m2

rential moment and shear force are calculated based on


mply supported slab with UDL. Results are shown in

load (p = 450.392 kN/m i.e P = 12734.52 kN)

P = 12734.52 kN

rential moment and shear force are calculated based on


imply supported slab with concentric load.
ble 2.
Forces due to UDL
a (m) 6
w (kN/m2) 104.16
0 2 3 4.5 5 6
703.080 624.960 527.310 307.598 214.830 0.000
703.080 677.040 644.490 571.253 540.330 468.720
0 104.16 156.24 234.36 260.4 312.48

Forces due to concentric load


a (m) 6
b (m) 4.5
P (kN) 12734.52
r<b r>b
0 2 3 4.5 5 6
513.209 513.209 513.209 513.209 310.167 0.000
513.209 513.209 513.209 513.209 502.710 443.354
0 0 0 450.392 405.353 337.794

Subtracting Table 2 from Table 1 will give the net moments and shear. The
results are given in Table 3.

Table 3 = Table 2 - Table 1 Net moments and shear


0 2 3 4.5 5 6
189.871 111.751 14.101 -205.611 -95.337 0.000
189.871 163.831 131.281 58.044 37.620 25.366
0 104.160 156.240 -216.032 -144.953 -25.314

-205.611 kN.m
30 N/mm2

d = √(205.611*106/(0.156*30*1000))

209.604 mm

220 mm
260 mm

k = M/(fcu*b*d2)

z/d = 0.5 + √(0.25-k/0.9)

As = 205.611*106 / (0.95*fy*(z/d)*d)

460 N/mm2

0.142
0.804 <0.95 ok

2.6587E+03 mm2
No. of bars