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April 8, 1947. R. E.

BRESSLER 2,418,540
Filed Jan. 25, 1945

Patented Apr. 8, 1947


Robert E. Bressler, Oregon, Ill.
Application January 25, 1945, Serial No. 574,519
Claims. (Cl. 98—23)
This invention relates to improvements in Another object of the invention is to provide a
screw conveyor constructions and it consists of construction of this kind wherein the coupling be
the matters hereinafter described and more par tween the sections, which is as strong, if not
ticularly pointed out in the appended claims, stronger than the sections themselves, requires
The invention is more especially concerned but little movement to bring the parts thereof into
With Screw conveyor constructions of a consider coupled relation.
able length or run and wherein the Screw is made A further object of the invention is to provide,
up of end to end arranged and coupled together in a construction of this kind, a coupling and duct
Sections having a driving connection. With each so formed as to avoid choking action back of the
other. Sectional conveyor Screws of this kind are 10 Coupling. -
used in bin fed stokers where there is a consider Still another object of the invention is to pro
able distance between the bin and the stoker, Vide a conveyor construction which is strong and
and Wherein the Stoker must be disposed near an simple in the arrangement of the parts thereof,
upright building wall which makes it difficult to as Well as efficient in operation and which does
install the screw in the fuel feed duct. A sec 15 not increase the cost to any appreciable extent.
tional ScreW construction of this kind has advan The above mentioned objects of the invention,
tages over a correspondingly long screw not only as well as others, together with the advantages
in initial cost but also in the cost of installation thereof will more fully appear as the specifica
and servicing. In sectional Screw conveyor con tion proceeds.
structions as heretofore used, such sections usual 20 In the drawings:
ly had a longitudiraal recess in one end to receive Fig. 1 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view
the complemental end of an adjacent section for through a screw conveyor construction embody
a driving coupled connection. However, such sec ing the preferred form of the invention, as when
tions required that the Sections be longitudinally employed in connection with a stoker for feed
Separated completely for connection or discon 25 ing coal thereto from a bin or the like. -
nection, and this requires extra, space or room. Fig. 2 is a top plan view on an enlarged scale
Often the matter of space or room is quite im of a part of the duct and conveyor appearing in
portant in installing stokers in close quarters, Fig. 1, with the cover plate removed, better to
where the stoker site is limited by the surround illustrate the parts involved.
ing Walls and other objects. Fig. 3 is a transverse vertical sectional view
Heretofore the coupling between the sections through a part of the improved conveyor con
Was the weakest part of the construction, due to struction, as taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 and
limitations imposed by adjacent parts of the duct on a Scale Somewhat enlarged thereover.
in which the construction was employed. For Fig. 4 is a longitudinal Vertical Sectional view
instance, the diametral size of the coupling was 35 through one of the coupling sections of the con
limited and if such size were increased to give the Weyor ScreW on a scale enlarged over that of
desired strength at this point, said size, restricted Fig. 2.
the duct so that, a choking of fuel occurred back Fig. 5 is a view in end elevation of the coupling
of the coupling. When such couplings were made Section appearing in Fig. 4.
Smaller in Such diametral size so as to avoid the 40 Referring now in detail to that embodiment of
restricting and choking action, the coupling, pro the invention illustrated in the drawings, ?o in
duced the weakest place in the construction so dicates as a whole a duct disposed between a duct
that added. breakage occurred and additional section if extending from the front wall of a coal
servicing was necessary. bin 2 and the duct section 3 of an underfeed
One of the objects of the present invention is to 45 Stoker it. Said duct l 0 as shown is constituted
provide a Sectional screw conveyor construction by a plurality of duct sections a-i Ob-0c and
Wherein at least one, end of certain sections may f0d, respectively, the sections ea and 10c being
be coupled to and removed from the associated hereinafter referred to as, the 'coupling' sec
end of an adjacent section by a relative lateral tions. The blower providing the air to support
In OWement therebetween. 50 combustion of the fuel in the retort of the stoker
3 4.
is indicated at 5 and is disposed along one side transverse dimensions for the mid portions of
of the duct section 0d. This blower, which is the duct sections fa and c is sufficient to feed
driven in any suitable manner, has its discharge the same amount of material as the flight of the
end connected to a chamber or windbox 6 asso conveyor Sections 20-2 and 23. Thus the vol
ciated in Operative relation with the retort of the ume of material fed by the screw conveyor Sec
Stoker, as is usual in underfeed stokers of this tions along the duct to as a whole is substantially
kind. uniform, so that piling up or choking of material
The duct Section (d. is of a tubular cross sec at or back of the coupling sections is prevented.
tion, While the duct sections fa-Ob and Oc are 0. In the assembly of the coupling sections, assume
each of an open top, trough-like cross section. that the screw conveyor sections 20-2 and 23
As best appears in Figs. 2 and 4 the top portions have been positioned in their respective duct Sec
of the side walls of the duct sections foot-Ob and tions f, 3 and Ob respectively. Also, assume
Oc are made as lateral flanges and the lateral that the cover plates fi and 9 are off their re
margins of associated flat cover plates 7, 8 and spective duct sections. A screw conveyor cou
9 have a bolted or screwed on detachable en pling 24 is then inserted into the '..duct. Section
gagement thereWith. ea, tapered end first and with the recess 29 in its
A screw conveyor 29, which includes the usual other end facing downwardly. Said tapered end
. shaft 20a and flight 20b is disposed in the bin of said coupling section is inserted over the
2 and a part thereof extends through the sec Squared end of the shaft 20d of the screw con
tion into the section foa. The other end of the 20 veyor Section 20, after which the other end of said
screw conveyor 20 is operatively driven in any Section 24 is lowered so that the recess. 29 faces
suitable manner by means not appearing herein. downwardly to permit the passage of the squared
A second Screw conveyor 2, which also includes end 23d of the shaft 23a of the conveyor section
a shaft 2 a. and a flight 2b is disposed in the duct 23 through said recess to line up with the bore
0d and one end thereof extends into the cou 27. The coupling section 25 is then applied or
pling duct. Section Oc while the other end there assembled with the shaft, sections 23d and 2 a re
of extends into the bottom of the retort 22 of spectively in similar manner so that the shafts.
the Stoker 14. are coupled together to be driven the one from
In the duct section fib, which may be of a con 30 the other by means of the screw conveyor sec
siderable length, is located a third Screw conveyor tion 29.
section 23, which also includes the usual shaft 23a, After the parts have been assembled as de
and flight 23b, the ends of the shaft extending scribed, the cover plates 7, 8 and 9 are ap
into the adjacent ends of the coupling sections plied. On the underside of each plate and 9
of Oa and Oc respectively. The flights of the con respectively is a longitudinal rib 7a and 9a
veyors 20-2 and 23 respectively are all of sub respectively (see Figs. and 3) which engage the
stantially the same diameter as are the shafts mid portion of the fights 39-30 of the respective
of Said conveyors and which shafts include end coupling sections and hold them down in posi
parts of squared cross Section. tion against such upward movement that said
In Fig. 2 I have shown the shaft 23d of the 40 sections may tend to take under the action of the
Screw conveyor 23 as having squared ends 23d. fuel moved along the duct 0 as a whole. Thus,
and 23e respectively and the shaft 2 fa of the there can be no disengagement between the Sec
Screw conveyor 2 as having at least one squared tions even though parts of the bores 27 in the
end 2 c on that end associated with the coupling shafts of the screw conveyor coupling section are
duct Section Oc. Open at One Side of one end thereof, as before de
. . The coupling duct sections Oa and c are Scribed.
relatively short in length and in each section is With the arrangement described, it is possible
a Screw conveyor coupling section 24 and 25 re easily to assemble the screw conveyor sections in
spectively. As both the duct sections foa and relatively close quarters because of the lateral
Oc, as well as both the screw conveyor coupling movement connection between the coupling sec
Sections are alike, a detailed description of one 50 tions and the other Sections of the Screw con
Will Suffice for both. veyor. Also, the coupling connections between
AS best shown in Figs. 4 and 5, each screw con said sections are as strong, if not stronger than
Weyor coupling Section 24-25 includes a hollow the other Sections of the screw conveyor, So that
shaft part 26 having a longitudinal axial bore 27 the possibility of breakage at the couplings of
of a Square cross section complemental to the 55 the shafts is avoided.
CrOSS Section of the Squared ends of the Shafts Furthermore, clogging of the material being fed
20a-2a, and 23a respectively. The shaft part cannot occur back of the couplings.
26 is of a diameter somewhat greater than that of While in describing the invention I have re
the shafts just above mentioned and one end of ferred in detail to the form, arrangement and
Said shaft part 26 is tapered as shown at 28 in 60 construction of the parts involved, the same is to
Fig. 4. The bore 27 of said shaft not only opens be considered only in the illustrative sense so
endwise through the other end of said shaft but that I do not wish to be limited thereto except
also laterally thereof, as at 29. On said shaft as may be specifically set forth in the appended
part 26 is a flight 30 which is of a greater diam claims.
eter at its mid portion than it is at its end por I claim as my invention:
tions where the diameter thereof blends into the 1. A screw conveyor construction embodying
diameter of the flights of the conveyor sections therein, longitudinally spaced conveyor sections,
20, 2 and 23 respectively. To take care of the an open top trough-like coupling section between
difference in diameter of the flight, the mid por and operatively Connected at its ends to adja
tions of the coupling duct sections are increased 70 cent ends of said conveyor sections, a shaft with
in transverse dimension and taper off toward the a flight thereon in each conveyor section, each
ends to match up with the ends of the duct sec shaft having an end part with opposed flat sides
tions , Ob and Gd before mentioned. extending into the associated end of the cou
The increase in flight diameter for the con pling Section, a shaft with a flight thereon of
Weyor Sections 24-25 as well as the increase in 75 Such length as to be positioned in said coupling
7 8
screw conveyor Sections embodying therein a shaft REFERENCES C TED -
and a helical flight thereon, said shaft having
at least at its ends, bore portions of rectangul- n ???erences are of record in the
lar cross section that open through the extremi
ties of said ends and there have opposed flat sides, 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS
and a recess opening laterally as well as longi- Number Name Date .
tudinally through one of the ends of the shaft 1938,565 Anderson ---------- Dec. 12, 1933
and having opposed flat faces that join the op- 197,667 Roberts ------------ Nov. 27, 1877
posed flat sides of the bore portion in said one 534,507 Hoagland ---------- Feb. 19, 1895
of said ends of the shaft. 10 895,765 Jones -------------- Aug. 11, 1908
2,058,125 Bean -------------- Oct. 20, 1936
ROBERTE, BRESSIER, 2,292,934 Fitch ------------- Aug. 11, 1942
2,103,145 Carter ------------- Dec. 21, 1937