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Different blocks used in simulation process with their block diagram, location & function:

Solver configuration:

Location:- Library:SimRF/Circuit Envelope/utilities.

Function:-

Each physical network represented by a connected Simscape block diagram


requires solver settings information for simulation. The Solver Configuration block specifies
the solver parameters that the model needs before simulation. Each topologically distinct
Simscape block diagram requires exactly one Solver Configuration block to be connected to it.

Voltage sensor:

Location:- Library:Simscape/Foundation Library/Electrical/Electrical Sensors.

Function:-

The Voltage Sensor block represents an ideal voltage sensor, that is, a device that
converts voltage measured between two points of an electrical circuit into a physical signal
proportional to the voltage. Connections + and – are electrical conserving ports through which
the sensor is connected to the circuit. Connection V is a physical signal port that outputs the
measurement result.

Current sensor:

Location:- Library:Simscape/Foundation Library/Electrical/Electrical Sensors.


Function:-

The Current Sensor block represents an ideal current sensor, that is, a device that
converts current measured in any electrical branch into a physical signal proportional to the
current. Connections + and – are electrical conserving ports through which the sensor is
inserted into the circuit. Connection I is a physical signal port that outputs the measurement
result.

PS-S Simulink converter:

Location:- Library:Simscape/Utilities.

Function:

PS-S Simulink converter is a block which converts physical signal into Simulink
signal.

Circuit diagram of half wave rectifier without capacitor:-


Outputs without capacitor:-

Voltage Waveforms
20
Input
Output

15

10
Input & Output voltage in volt

-5

-10

-15

-20
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
time (t) in sec

Fig:- Voltage waveforms

Current Waveforms
0.2

0.15
Input & Output current in Amp

0.1

0.05

-0.05
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
time (t) in sec

Fig:-Current waveforms
Circuit diagram of half wave rectifier with capacitor:-

Outputs with capacitor:-

Voltage Waveforms
20
Input
Output

15

10
Input & Output voltage in volt

-5

-10

-15

-20
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
t in sec

Fig:- Voltage waveforms


Current Waveforms
20

15
Input & Output current in Amp

10

-5
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
t in sec

Fig:- Current waveforms

Conclusion:-

Different types of blocks which had been used in simulation process have been
described briefly in the theory portion. Input and output current with capacitor were same. For
without capacitor input and output currents were same but magnitude of 1st half cycle and the
rest cycles were not the same. Negative half cycle of output voltage with capacitor had been
rectified as described in the theory & the output were also same as described. When capacitor
was used, the output voltage were more near to dc voltage because capacitor reduced oscillation
through charging and discharging. In the simulation process ac voltage source with + and –
terminals were used, otherwise the source wouldn’t have been connected with the other circuit
elements.