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QUICK-REFERENCE

TROUBLESHOOTING
GUIDE

FOR REFERENCE USE ONLY


The data contained herein is intended to assist troubleshooting only
and is not a substitute for Embraer and/or operator’s manuals. Fault
correcting maintenance and the aircraft’s “return to service” testing
shall be accomplished in full accordance with proper Embraer
and/or operator’s manuals.

All inquiries regarding this material should be addressed to:


145techpubs@embraer.com.br

OCTOBER 2004
REVISION 4 – SEPTEMBER 2007

Copyright 2004 by EMBRAER - Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica S.A. All rights reserved. This document shall not be copied
or reproduced, whether in whole or in part, in any form or by any means without the express written authorization of Embraer.
The information, technical data, designs and drawings disclosed in this document are proprietary information of Embraer or third
parties and shall not be used or disclosed to any third party without permission of Embraer.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

SPS 1/2 INOP with SPS ADVANCED message


on the EICAS ............................................................................ 27-1
SPS ADVANCED message on the EICAS ............................... 27-3
FLAP LOW SPEED with SPS ADVANCED
message on the EICAS ............................................................ 27-6
E A/ICE FAIL message on the EICAS ...................................... 30-1
WG A/ICE FAIL message on the EICAS .................................. 30-9
DAU troubleshooting ................................................................. 31-1
Nose wheel steering pull ........................................................... 32-1
LG AIR/GND FAIL message on the EICAS .............................. 32-8
BLD LOW TEMP message on the EICAS ................................ 36-1
BLD OVTEMP message on the EICAS .................................... 36-5
BLD VLV FAIL message on the EICAS .................................... 36-7
BLD LEAK message on the EICAS .......................................... 36-11
PAX door hard to operate ......................................................... 52-1
Door hard to close/open........................................................ 52-1
Door hard to lock/unlock ....................................................... 52-6
Main door preventive maintenance procedures .................... 52-10
Engine start problems ............................................................... 71-1
No rotation............................................................................. 71-1
Engine does not start (no lightoff) ......................................... 71-2
Stagnated (hung) start .......................................................... 71-3
Hot start/torching on start...................................................... 71-5
Start attempt interrupted ....................................................... 71-6
SPS 1/2 INOP WITH SPS ADVANCED
MESSAGE ON THE EICAS
Stall Protection Computer Channel 1/2 is faulty or Angle-of-Attack
sensor 1/2 is faulty.

INITIAL EVALUATION
A. Make sure that the following circuit breakers are closed.
– STALL PROT CHANNEL 1 (for SPS 1 INOP message on EICAS).
– STALL PROT SHAKER 1 (for SPS 1 INOP message on EICAS).
– STALL PROT CHANNEL 2 (for SPS 2 INOP message on EICAS).
– STALL PROT SHAKER 2 (for SPS 2 INOP message on EICAS).
– PUSHER CLUTCH.
– AIR/GROUND A, B, C, D.
B. Make sure that the circuit breaker PUSHER MOTOR, on the
right power control distribution box, is closed.
C. For SPS 1 INOP message on EICAS:
On the SPS Control Panel, make sure that SPS 1 CUT-OUT
switch S7215 is pressed to ensure that the CUT-OUT function
is not active and the light is off.
D. For SPS 2 INOP message on EICAS:
On the SPS Control Panel, make sure that SPS 2 CUT-OUT
switch S7216 is pressed to ensure that the CUT-OUT function
is not active and the light is off.

OCT 2004 27-1


QUICK CHECKS
A. If SPS 1/2 INOP shows together with SPS ADVANCED on the
EICAS, do as follows:
Make sure that the AOA Sensors 1 and 2 are aligned and free
to move. If they are not aligned, align them with respect to the
longitudinal centerline of the aircraft.
If they are aligned but the sensors do not move, go to the next
step.
B. Deenergize the aircraft (AMM TASK 20-40-01-860-801-A).
Replace Angle-of-Attack sensor 1 (for SPS 1 INOP message) or
Angle-of-Attack sensor 2 (for SPS 2 INOP message) (AMM
TASK 27-36-01-000-801-A).
If the message is still present on the EICAS, go to the next step.
C. For SPS 1 INOP, experimentally replace the following relays
located on the right relay support in the cockpit:
1. For aircraft with pushbutton-lighting test switch: K0357.
2. For aircraft without pushbutton-lighting test switch: K0355.
For SPS 2 INOP experimentally replace the following relays
located on the right relay support in the cockpit:
1. For aircraft with pushbutton-lighting test switch: K0358.
2. For aircraft without pushbutton-lighting test switch: K0356.
If the message is still present on the EICAS, go to the next step.
D. Replace the Stall Protection Computer (AMM TASK 27-36-02-
000-801-A).
If the message is still present on the EICAS, go to FIM TASK
27-36-00-810-801-A (for SPS 1 INOP) or 27-36-00-810-802-A
(for SPS 2 INOP).

27-2 OCT 2004


SPS ADVANCED MESSAGE
ON THE EICAS
This message is indicative of failure in one of the systems that
interface with Stall Protection System like: Flaps, AHRS or IRS,
ADCs, WOW switch, AOAs, or the stall protection computer itself.
The SPS Software (WatchSPC) helps the fault analysis process. If
this software is available, do the procedures to diagnose and
monitor the Stall Protection System through the Stall Protection
Computer (AMM TASK 27-36-00-970-801-A).

INITIAL EVALUATION
A. Make sure that the following circuit breakers are closed and the
SPS CUT-OUT 1 and SPS CUT-OUT 2 pushbuttons are not
illuminated.
– Stall Protection Channel 1 and 2.
– Stall Protection Shaker 1 and 2.
– Pusher Clutch.
– Air/Ground A, B, C, D.
B. Check that the following messages do not appear with the SPS
ADVANCED message on the EICAS/MFD:
– FLAP LOW SPEED (if it appears, refer to FLAP LOW SPEED
quick reference troubleshooting guide).
– If FLAP FAIL appears refer to FIM TASK 27-51-00-810-000.
– ATT FAIL/HDG FAIL (if it appears, refer to AHRS FIM TASK
34-01-00 accordingly).
– LDG LEVER DISAGREE/LG AIR - GND FAIL (if it appears,
refer to LDG FIM TASK 32-32-00-810-803-A and 32-63-00-
810-801 respectively).

OCT 2004 27-3


– SPS 1 or SPS 2 INOP (if it appears, refer to SPS 1/2 INOP
quick reference troubleshooting guide).
Make sure that the ADC is operating. Check the items below:
– On AFD: (SAT) Make sure that the digits indication are not
replaced by three amber dashes.
– On AFD: (TAT) Make sure that the digits indication are not
replaced by three amber dashes.
– On AFD: (TAS) Make sure that the digits indication are not
replaced by three amber dashes.
If the ADC is not operation refer to FIM TASK 34-22-00.
C. Make sure that the AHRS or the IRS is aligned.
D. Make sure that there is no message related to the spoiler
system. If there is one, perform the applicable troubleshooting
procedures (FIM TASK 27-63-00).

27-4 OCT 2004


QUICK CHECKS

A. Check that the following electrical connectors are properly


plugged:
1. P7164 to LGEU (Landing Gear Electronic Unit).
2. J1188 to SPC (Stall Protection System) (WM 27-36-52).
3. J1019 to DAU 1 (Data Acquisition Unit 1) (WM 27-36-52).
4. P7148 and P7149 to SPS 1 and SPS 2 CUT-OUT Switch
respectively (WM 27-36-51).
5. P2037 and P2038 to the PROX. Switch (WM 32-60-52).
6. P0813 to DOWN PROX Switch 1 (WM 32-60-52).
If the steps above OK, go to the next step.
B. Experimentally replace the following relays:
1. K0026 and K0027 (AIR/GND relays) (WM 27-36-52).
2. K0030 and K0031 (RH and LH DN LOCK relays
respectively) (WM 27-36-52).
3. K0355 and K0357 (CUT-OUT relays) (WM 27-36-50).
C. If the message SPS ADVANCED remain on the EICAS:
Deenergize the aircraft (AMM 20-40-01-860-801-A) and replace
the Stall Protection Computer (AMM 27-36-02-00-801-A).
If the problem persists, go to FIM TASK 27-36-00-810-804-A.

OCT 2004 27-5


FLAP LOW SPEED WITH SPS ADVANCED
MESSAGE ON THE EICAS
The Flap System Troubleshooting Process will be accomplished
according to the message downloaded with on the MFD (Multi
Function Display) by through CMC (Central Maintenance
Computer).
Each message has a related troubleshooting task that gives a
sequence of steps to solve the indicated failure.
The FECU (PN 363100-1007 all modes, and PN 363100-1009) can
trigger the SPS ADVANCED message when operating with one flap
channel inoperative (only the PN 363100-1009 can operate with
one channel inoperative).
To eliminate the SPS ADVANCED message from the FECU,
perform the procedures below.

INITIAL EVALUATION

A. For aircraft equipped with FECU PN 363100-1009.


1. Set the flaps to the zero position.
2. Open circuit breakers Flap 1 and Flap 2.
3. Check that the FLAP LOW SPEED message goes out of
view and the FLAP FAIL message comes into view.
4. Close circuit breakers Flap 1 and Flap 2.
5. Check that the FLAP FAIL message goes out of view and
the FLAP LOW SPEED message comes into view.
6. Open circuit breakers IC 1 and IC 2, and disconnect
(release) the backup battery pushbutton.
7. Check that the MFDs, PFDs, and EICAS display show a red X.

27-6 OCT 2004


8. Close circuit breakers IC 1 and IC 2, and connect (press) the
backup battery pushbutton.
9. Make sure that the SPS ADVANCED and FLAP FAIL
messages are not displayed on the EICAS.

NOTE: The reset procedure should be repeated if the flaps


were commanded before taxiing-out is initiated.

B. For aircraft equipped with other FECUs, accomplish the MFD


download (AMM 45-45-00-970-801-A) to obtain the specific
message about the flap system and direction to the root cause.
Once this flap cause is eliminated, the SPS ADVANCED goes
out of view.

QUICK CHECKS
After the CMC download, check which message has appeared on
the MFD screen. Then refer to the following tables.
Table 1 - Shows a sequence of actions that has to be followed in
order to solve the problem.
Table 2 - Shows the actions description. These descriptions clarify
each action.

OCT 2004 27-7


STEPS STEP STEP STEP STEP STEP STEP
MESSAGE 1 2 3 4 5 6

ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-


FECU FAIL 3 4 5 6 8 00-810-803-A
FLAP
TRANSMISSION
ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
FAIL or 25 1 10 9 00-810-804-A
-
FLP DRIVE
TX FAIL
FLAP VELOCITY
SENSOR or ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
FLAP DRIVE 4 10 13 15 27 00-810-805-A
SENSOR FAIL
FLAP SELECTOR ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
LEVER FAIL 4 19 20 21 22 00-810-806-A
FLAP FEEDBACK ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
POS FAIL 4 19 20 21 22 00-810-807-A
ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
FLAP JAMMING 26 29 00-810-808-A
- -

FLAP SHORT ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-


-
CIRCUIT 3 5 8 00-810-809-A
FLAP RIGHT ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
-
WING BRAKE FAIL 1 2 3 30 00-810-810-A
FLAP LEFT ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
WING BRAKE FAIL 1 2 4 23 24 00-810-811-A
FLAP MOTOR 1
BRAKE FAIL or ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
-
FLAP RH MOTOR 27 1 4 7 00-810-812-A
BRAKE FAIL
FLAP MOTOR 2
BRAKE FAIL or ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
-
FLAP RH MOTOR 28 2 4 5 00-810-813-A
BRAKE FAIL
FLAP LH ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
-
SENSOR FAIL 4 11 13 14 00-810-814-A
FLAP RH ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
-
SENSOR FAIL 4 12 15 17 00-810-815-A
FLAP LH ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
-
TRASMISSION FAIL 25 4 10 9 00-810-816-A
FLAP RH ACTION ACTION ACTION ACTION FIM TASK 27-51-
-
TRASMISSION FAIL 25 4 12 9 00-810-817-A
Table 1

27-8 OCT 2004


ACTION ACTION WM
NUMBER DESCRIPTION REFERENCE
Check that electrical connector
1 P1101 is properly plugged to the 27-53-51
FECU (Flap Electronic Control Unit).
Check that electrical connector
2 P1102 is properly plugged to the 27-53-51
FECU (Flap Electronic Control Unit).
Check that electrical connector
3 P1103 is properly plugged to the 27-53-51
FECU (Flap Electronic Control Unit).
Check that electrical connector
4 P1104 is properly plugged to the 27-53-51
FECU (Flap Electronic Control Unit).
Check that connector P1106 is
5 properly plugged to the LH-FDMU 27-53-51
(Left Flap Drive Motor Unit).
Check that connector P1106 is
6 properly plugged to the FPTU (Flap 27-53-51
Position Transmission Unit).
Check that connector P1107 is
7 properly plugged to the RH-FDMU 27-53-51
(Right Flap Drive Motor Unit).
Check that connector P1108 is
8 properly plugged to the RH-FDMU 27-53-51
(Right Flap Drive Motor Unit).
Check that connector P1109 is
9 properly plugged to the FPTU (Flap 27-53-51
Position Transducer Unit).
Check that connector J1111 is
10 properly plugged to the LH and RH 27-53-51
FVS (Flap Velocity Sensor).
Check that connector J1111 is
11 properly plugged to the LH FVS 27-53-51
(Flap Velocity Sensor).
Table 2

OCT 2004 27-9


ACTION ACTION WM
NUMBER DESCRIPTION REFERENCE
Check that connector J1111 is
12 properly plugged to the RH FVS 27-53-51
(Flap Velocity Sensor).
Check that connector P1138 is
13 properly plugged to 1J1138 LH FVS 27-53-51
(Flap Velocity Sensor).
Check that connector J0789 is
14 properly plugged to P0789 LH FVS 27-53-51
(Flap Velocity Sensor).
Check that connector P1138 is
15 properly plugged to 1J1138 RH FVS 27-53-51
(Flap Velocity Sensor).
Check that connector P1138 is
16 properly plugged to 2J1138 RH FVS 27-53-51
(Flap Velocity Sensor).
Check that connector P1060 is
17 properly plugged to J1060 RH FVS 27-53-51
(Flap Velocity Sensor).
Check that RH and LH FVS (Flap
18 Velocity Sensor) is properly 27-53-51
connected to the J1111.
Check that connector P1100 is
19 properly plugged to FSL (Flap 27-53-50
Selector Lever).
Check that connector P0795 is
20 27-53-50
properly plugged to J0795.
Check that connector P0789 is
21 27-53-50
properly plugged to J0789.
Check that connector P1060 is
22 27-53-50
properly plugged to J1060.
Check that connector P1247 is
23 properly plugged to LH FTB (Flap 27-53-51
Transmission Brake).
Check that connector P0799 is
24 27-53-51
properly plugged to J0799.
Table 2

27-10 OCT 2004


ACTION ACTION WM
NUMBER DESCRIPTION REFERENCE
Check the Flap Mechanical Line for Not
25
Shaft ruptured or disengage. Applicable
Make sure that these circuit breakers
are closed:
26 27-53-50
– FLAP 1.
– FLAP 2.
Make sure that this circuit breaker is
Not
27 closed:
Applicable
– FLAP 1.
Make sure that this circuit breaker is
Not
28 closed:
Applicable
– FLAP 2.
Accomplish the following procedures
to check flap rig condition:
Set the flap to 45°.
Hold the inboard flap trailing edge.
Try rattling the flap panel.
Make sure that the flap panel is not Not
29
frozen. If so, it indicates a flap Applicable
misrigging.
If the panel is frozen go to AMM
TASK 27-53-04-700-801-A.
Repeat the procedure for the
outboard flap panel.
Check that connector P1248 is
30 properly plugged to RH FTB (Flap 27-53-51
Transmission Brake).
Table 2

OCT 2004 27-11


THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

27-12 OCT 2004


E A/ICE FAIL MESSAGE ON THE EICAS

INITIAL EVALUATION
EFFECTIVITY: ACFT PRE-MOD. SB 145-30-0022
A. On the overhead circuit breaker panel, check that the circuit
breaker is closed:
– ENG AIR INLET.

EFFECTIVITY: ACFT POST-MOD. SB 145-30-0022


A. On the overhead circuit breaker panel, check that these circuit
breakers are closed:
– ENG AIR INLET;
– ENG A/I IND.

Make sure that the A/ICE SWITCH OFF message is not displayed
on the EICAS when all A/ICE switches are set to ON position. If this
message is displayed, do the troubleshooting FIM TASK 30-00-00-
810-801-A.

MOST PROBABLE CAUSES


EFFECTIVITY: ACFT PRE-MOD. SB 145-30-0022
A. Position indicator switch.
B. Low pressure switch.
C. Engine Anti-Icing Valve.
D. Relay K0534.
E. Defective harness.

DEC 2004 30-1


EFFECTIVITY: ACFT POST-MOD. SB 145-30-0022
A. Pressure Transducer.
B. Engine Anti-Icing Valve.
C. Relay K0534.
D. Defective harness.

QUICK CHECKS
Energize the aircraft (AMM TASK 20-40-01-860-801-A).
Do the CMC downloading with the MFD or Personal Computer
(AMM TASK 45-45-00-970-801-A) to obtain the specific message
about the Engine Anti-Icing System.
If the ENG A/ICE LOW PRESS message appears on the MFD or
Personal Computer, do the procedure (A) below.
If the ENG A/ICE VLV FAIL message appears on the MFD or
Personal Computer, do the procedure (B) below.

A. Procedure to the ENG A/ICE LOW PRESS message on the CMC:


1. Set the BLEED 1 and BLEED 2 pushbuttons to the OFF position.
2. Set the ENG AIR INLET pushbutton to the ON position.
3. Set the OVERRIDE knob to the ENG position.
4. Connect an end of the hose (5 m [16.4 ft] minimum) to the
engine test port and connect the other end to a pressure
gauge (with scale up to 100 psig and accuracy of ± 1.0 psig)
at a safe distance from the aircraft (see figure 1).

WARNING: • STAY AT A SAFE DISTANCE FROM THE


ENGINE IN OPERATION.
• DO NOT TOUCH THE ENGINE AREA
IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE ENGINE STOPS,
BECAUSE OF THE HIGH TEMPERATURE.

30-2 DEC 2004


5. Start the Engine (AMM TASK 71-00-01-910-801-A).
6. Set the thrust lever to minimum 83% of N2.
7. Read the pressure on the pressure gauge and write it.
8. If pressure is within 69 ± 6 psig and there is E A/ICE FAIL
message on the EICAS, replace low pressure switch (AMM
MPP 30-21-02/401) or pressure transducer (AMM MPP 30-
21-06/401), as applicable.
9. If pressure is within 69 ± 6 psig and there is not E A/ICE
FAIL message on the EICAS, so the system is ok. No
maintenance action is required.
10. If pressure is out of the specified range, replace the engine
anti-icing valve (AMM MPP 30-21-01/401).

B. Procedure to the ENG A/ICE VLV FAIL message on the CMC:


1. Make sure that the aircraft is energized (AMM TASK 20-40-
01-860-801-A).
2. Set the ENG AIR INLET pushbutton to the OFF position.
3. Set the OVERRIDE knob to the AUTO position.
4. Check if there is the E A/ICE FAIL message on the EICAS
and if the inscription “OPEN” appears on the ENG AIR
INLET pushbutton.
5. Set the ENG AIR INLET pushbutton to the ON position.
6. Set the OVERRIDE knob to the ENG position.
7. On the overhead circuit breaker panel, open the N2 SIGNAL
1A circuit breaker (for E 1 A/ICE FAIL message on the
EICAS) or open N2 SIGNAL 2B circuit breaker (for E 2
A/ICE FAIL message on the EICAS).

SEP 2005 30-3


8. Check if there is the E A/ICE FAIL message on the EICAS.
9. If this does not occur, replace the position indication switch
(AMM MPP 30-21-04/401) or pressure transducer (AMM
MPP 30-21-06/401) as applicable.
10. If this occur, there is a command fail to the engine anti-icing
valve. Do procedure FIM TASK 30-21-00-810-801 or FIM
TASK 30-21-00-810-804, as applicable.
11. If this occurs, perform the steps below:
a. Set the ENG AIR INLET pushbutton to the OFF position.
b. Set the OVERRIDE knob to the AUTO position.
c. On the overhead circuit breaker panel, close the N2
SIGNAL 1A circuit breaker (for E 1 A/ICE FAIL message
on the EICAS) or close N2 SIGNAL 2B circuit breaker
(for E 2 A/ICE FAIL message on the EICAS).

WARNING: • STAY AT A SAFE DISTANCE FROM THE


ENGINE IN OPERATION.
• DO NOT TOUCH THE ENGINE AREA
IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE ENGINE
STOPS, BECAUSE OF THE HIGH
TEMPERATURE.

d. Start the Engine (AMM TASK 71-00-01-910-801-A).


e. Wait at least 10 seconds for system stabilization.
f. If there is E A/ICE FAIL message on the EICAS, replace
the engine anti-icing valve (AMM MPP 30-21-01/401).

30-4 SEP 2005


g. If there is not E A/ICE FAIL message on the EICAS,
perform the steps below:
– Stop the Engine (AMM TASK 71-00-01-910-804-A).

WARNING: DO NOT TOUCH THE ENGINE AREA


IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE ENGINE
STOPS, BECAUSE OF THE HIGH
TEMPERATURE.

– Connect an end of the hose (5 m [16.4 ft] minimum) to


the engine test port and connect the other end to a
pressure gauge (with scale up to 100 psig and
accuracy of ± 1.0 psig) at a safe distance from the
aircraft (see figure 1).
– Start the Engine (AMM TASK 71-00-01-910-801-A).
– Set the ENG AIR INLET to the ON position.
– Set the OVERRIDE knob to the ENG position.
– Set the thrust lever to the IDLE position.
– Read the pressure on the pressure gauge and write it.
– If pressure is higher than 16 psig, replace the position
indicator switch (AMM MPP 30-21-04/401) or pressure
transducer (AMM MPP 30-21-06/401), as applicable.
– If pressure is equal to or lower than 16 psig, replace
the engine anti-icing valve (AMM MPP 30-21-01/401).

DEC 2004 30-5


A TEST
PORT

POSITION
INDICATOR
SWITCH

LOW
PRESSURE
SWITCH

DET. A 1

ENGINE
ANTI−ICING
VALVE
TEST
PORT

PRESSURE
TRANSDUCER
EM145QR000008A.DGN

DET. A 2

1 PRE−MOD S.B. 145−30−0022.

2 POST−MOD S.B. 145−30−0022.

Figure 1

30-6 DEC 2004


GENERAL TIPS
The airplane may be dispatched with the Engine Anti-icing Valves
inoperative secured open.
The airplane may be dispatched with the Engine Anti-icing System
inoperative provided the airplane is not operated in known or
forecast icing conditions.

For anti-icing valves secured open, do as follows (see figure 2):


A. Loosen both lock screws A (approximately one turn).

CAUTION: IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO DO THE STEP (A)


ABOVE BEFORE YOU DO STEP (B) BELOW, TO
PREVENT A DAMAGE TO ENGINE ANTI-ICE
VALVE.

B. Press and rotate the manual override pin B through 270


degrees counterclockwise, to lock the valve in the open
position.
C. Tighten both lock screws A.

DEC 2004 30-7


1

30-8
A

A
A
PUSH

K
LO C
C

VIEW B
K LO
N

POST−MOD S.B. 145−30−0040


U
LOOSEN . ROTATE . TIGHTEN

Figure 2
B
DET. A

A
A
LOCK
SCREW

PUSH

TO K TO
LO C
MANUAL

VIEW B
B C LO B
UNLOCK K N LOCK
OVERRIDE

U
1− LOOSEN SCREWS "A"

1
B
LOCK

2− PUSH AND ROTATE 270° "B"


SCREW

3− TIGHTEN SCREWS "A"

DEC 2004
EM145QR000007A.DGN
WG A/ICE FAIL MESSAGE ON THE EICAS

QUICK CHECKS
Download CMC with MFD (AMM TASK 45-45-00-970-801-A) and
check to see which maintenance message is recorded.
NOTE: The figures show accesses on left side (WING1). For right
side (WING2), accesses are symmetrical.
A. For WING1(2) A/ICE VLV FAIL message, do as follows:
NOTE: If BLD1(2) VLV FAIL EICAS message was reported at
same flight, do respective troubleshooting first.
1. Get access to anti-icing valve connector (see figure below).
2. Disconnect electrical connector from wing anti-icing valve.

VALVE CONNECTOR ELECTRICAL


ACCESS CONNECTOR

EM145QR000010A.DGN
ANTI−ICING
VALVE

(TYPICAL)

3. On overhead circuit breaker panel, make sure that the CB


below is closed.
a. WING (Location Tip: DC BUS 1/ICE AND RAIN
PROTECTION/WING).

SEP 2005 30-9


4. Do Wing Anti-Icing Test (item D), and make sure that there
is 28 VDC between pin A and pin C of connector P0981
(WING 1) or connector P0980 (WING 2), as applicable.
If there is 28 VDC, replace wing anti-icing valve (AMM MPP
30-11-01/401). If not, go to FIM 30-11-00-810-803 (WING 1)
or FIM 30-11-00-810-809 (WING 2).
B. For WING1(2) A/ICE LEAK message, do as follows:
1. Get access to wing anti-icing duct connections (see Figure
below).
2. Visually inspect duct for leaks. Tighten ducts as applicable
(AMM MPP 30-11-08/401).
3. Do Wing Anti-Icing Test (item D), and check for leaks with a
leak detection fluid.

WING ANTI−ICING
DUCT ANTI−ICING
ACCESS VALVE

EM145QR000011A.DGN
DUCT DUCT

LEAK
THERMOSTAT (TYPICAL)

If no fault could be found, go to FIM TASK 30-11-00-810-801-A


(WING 1) or FIM TASK 30-11-00-810-807-A (WING 2).

C. For other wing anti-icing system messages, see Table below to


define the point that has to be checked.

30-10 SEP 2005


PRESSURE IF NO
CHECKS
CMC FOR FAULT IS
BEFORE CHECK
MESS SYSTEM ACTION FOUND
PRESSURE POINT
AGE IN GOOD GO TO
TEST
CONDITION¹ FIM TASK
If this value is
significantly
lower than
Manif
point 2
old
WING1 1 18±2 psi reading, check 30-11-00-
If it is reported: test
(2) for leaks at 810-806-A
– WING1(2) port
A/ICE 19±2 psi for manifold with (WING 1)
A/ICE VLV FAIL
LOW wing A/I PN leak detection or -811-A
or WING1(2)
PRESS 329445-3 fluid. (WING 2)
A/ICE LEAK on
CMC, go to item If necessary,
Bleed
A or B, as check nipple
2 duct
applicable. on duct for
fitting
– HS VLV1(2) obstruction.
FAIL or BLD1(2)
Remove wing
VLV FAIL on
anti-icing duct
EICAS, go to
Should be (AMM MPP
applicable
consistent 30-11-08/401),
troubleshooting.
side-to- and check for
– BLD1(2) LOW
side: foreign object
TEMP on EICAS, Asym
WING
check electrical ∆P < 1.8 inside it.
metry
A/ICE psid; or If necessary, 30-11-00-
command of HSV 3 switch
ASYMM ∆P < 2.5 check for leaks 810-805-A
(see procedure in line
ETRY² psid at connections
QRT of BLD fitting
(POST- of wing anti-
LOW TEMP).
MOD 30- icing
0022) monitoring
tubes (AMM
TASK 30-11-
09-700-801-A).

¹ If pressure is OK, there is an indication problem.


² For aircraft with CMC up to – 009, message on CMC will be
“WING 1-2 A/ICE BURST”.

SEP 2005 30-11


PRESSURE IF NO
CHECKS
CMC FOR FAULT IS
BEFORE CHECK
MESS SYSTEM ACTION FOUND
PRESSURE POINT
AGE IN GOOD GO TO
TEST
CONDITION¹ FIM TASK
If pressure is
higher than
specified,
there is a
If there is
failure in wing
WING1(2) A/ICE
anti-icing valve
VLV FAIL on
(AMM MPP
WING CMC too, go to 18±2 psi 30-11-00-
30-11-01/401).
1(2) item A. Bleed 810-802-A
If pressure is
A/ICE Otherwise, check 2 duct 19±2 psi for (WING 1)
OK, there is a
OVPR if feedback line of fitting wing A/I PN or -808-A
failure of
ESS wing anti-icing 329445-3 (WING 2)
overpressure
valve is
switch (AMM
disconnected or
MPP 30-11-
damaged.
03/401) or
defective
harness (WM
30-10-50).
If necessary,
check for leaks
WING Piccolo at connections 30-11-00-
1(2) drop of wing anti- 810-804-A
A/ICE - 4 switch > 5.9 psi icing (WING 1)
BURS line monitoring or -810-A
T fitting tubes (AMM (WING 2)
TASK 30-11-
09-700-801-A).

¹ If pressure is OK, there is an indication problem.

30-12 SEP 2005


Check the applicable point as follows:
1. Get access to the applicable check point according to Figure
below.

MANIFOLD (CHECK POINT 1) PICCOLO DROP


AND BLEED DUCT FITTING SWITCH ACCESS
(CHECK POINT 2) ACCESS

EM145QR000012A.DGN
CHECK
POINT 4
ASYMMETRY
SWITCH ACCESS
(CHECK POINT 3)

WARNING: DO NOT TOUCH ANTI-ICING COMPONENTS


IMMEDIATELY AFTER SYSTEM IS TURNED OFF.
HIGH AIR TEMPERATURE CAN INJURE YOU.

2. Connect a pressure gauge to check point.


NOTE: Use a pressure gauge with 0-60 psi range and
AN818-4J (or -4D) fitting to connect gauge to check points.

PICCOLO DROP
SWITCH
(CHECK
POINT 4)
EM145QR000013A.DGN

ASYMMETRY
MANIFOLD SWITCH
(CHECK (CHECK
POINT 1) BLEED DUCT FITTING
(CHECK POINT 2) POINT 3)

SEP 2005 30-13


3. Do Wing Anti-Icing Test (item D), and read pressure on the
gauge installed.
4. Compare result to respective pressure value in table above
or schematic diagram below.
D. Wing Anti-Icing Test:
1. For RH wing test, disconnect electrical connector P0981 of
LH wing anti-icing valve.
2. Set switches as follows:
a. PACK 1 and PACK 2 – OFF.
b. XBLEED – OPEN (for RH wing test) or CLOSED (for LH
wing test).
c. STAB – OFF.
d. WING – ON.
e. OVERRIDE – ALL.
3. Start APU (AMM TASK 49-10-00-910-802-A).
4. Set APU BLEED switch to ON.

CAUTION: DO NOT HOLD TEST SWITCH IN POSITION 1


OR 2 FOR MORE THAN 15 SECONDS.

5. Set TEST switch to 1 or 2 and hold it for 15 seconds.


NOTE: If applicable, after test, reconnect electrical
connector P0981 to LH wing anti-icing valve.

30-14 SEP 2005


MANIFOLD

3 OVERPRESS 3
OVERPRESS
SW
SW

SEP 2007
2 LOW PRESS LOW PRESS 2
SW PNEUMATIC SW
SUPPLY
1 18 ± 2 psi 1
1 18 ± 2 psi 1
WING
4 P > 5.9 psi ANTI−ICING P > 5.9 psi 4
PICCOLO VALVE PICCOLO
DROP 2 DROP
4 SW 4
SW 1 18 ± 2 psi
2
1 18 ± 2 psi P < 1.8 psid (PN 83535)
3
P < 2.5 psid (PN APS−8−1000)
ASYMMETRY
SW

1 WING ANTI−ICING SET POINT (POST−MOD SB.145−30−0016 : 19 ± 2 psi) OR


(POST−MOD SB.145−30−0021: 18 ± 1,5 psi).
2 SET POINT: 15.5 psi; (POST−MOD SB.145−30−0022: 14.5 psi).

3 SET POINT: 23 ± 2 psi; (POST−MOD SB.145−30−0016: 25 ± 2 psi).

4 SET POINT: 2.5 ± 0.2 psid; (POST−MOD SB.145−30−0019: 5.9 psi);


(POST−MOD SB.145−30−0026: 5.6 ± 0.2 psi).
1 2 3 4 PRESSURE CHECK POINT

30-15
EM145QR000014C.DGN
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

30-16 SEP 2005


DAU TROUBLESHOOTING
The DAU has two operating data channels, which have redundant
information. All the signals are routed internally to two completely
independent channels (A and B). Each channel has its own power
supply and processors. Each channel gathers the information and
outputs them in digital busses.
Attention – Prior to DAU replacement, make sure that all
troubleshooting alternatives have been checked.

INITIAL EVALUATION
A. Make sure that the following circuit breakers are closed:
– DAU 1A;
– DAU 2A;
– DAU 1B;
– DAU 2B.

MOST PROBABLE CAUSES


A. Defective Harness (WM 31-41-50).
B. Malfunction of the ground stud (WM 31-41-50).
C. Intermittent problem with DAU connector (WM 20-50-00_2).
D. DAU Failure.

QUICK CHECKS
A. Remove the DAU, and re-install it back.
Did the message disappear?
1. Yes the message disappeared.
2. No. Check if there is ground signal according to the table
below, in the respective faulty side:

SEP 2005 31-1


A
B

DAU

DET. B

LOCK
EM145QR000016A.DGN

DET. A
ELECTRICAL
CONNECTOR

Figure 1 – DAU Component Location

31-2 SEP 2005


Side Connector-Pin Measure
DAU 1A – Area below cockpit floor J1019 – A105 GND
DAU 1A – Area below cockpit floor J1019 – A106 GND
DAU 1B – Area below cockpit floor J1021 – A105 GND
DAU 1B – Area below cockpit floor J1021 – A106 GND
DAU 2A – Rear Electronic
J1018 – A105 GND
Compartment
DAU 2A – Rear Electronic
J1018 – A106 GND
Compartment
DAU 2B – Rear Electronic
J1020 – A105 GND
Compartment
DAU 2B – Rear Electronic
J1020 – A106 GND
Compartment
Table 1 – DAU Channel A Ground Check

Are the measurements ok?


1. Yes. Check voltage according to the table below, in the
respective faulty side:

Side Connector-Pin Measure


DAU 1A – Area below cockpit floor J1019 – A103 28Vdc
DAU 1A – Area below cockpit floor J1019 – A104 28Vdc
DAU 2A – Rear Electronic
J1018 – A103 28Vdc
Compartment
DAU 2A – Rear Electronic
J1018 – A104 28Vdc
Compartment
DAU 1B – Area below cockpit floor J1021 – A103 28Vdc
DAU 1B – Area below cockpit floor J1021 – A104 28Vdc
DAU 2B – Rear Electronic
J1020 – A103 28Vdc
Compartment
DAU 2B – Rear Electronic
J1020 – A104 28Vdc
Compartment
Table 2 – DAU Voltage Check

SEP 2005 31-3


a. Are the measurements ok?
– Yes all voltage measurements are ok. Go to step B.
– No. Go to the FIM task according to the related DAU
fail message (Table 3).

2. No. Repair the ground studs (Figures 2 and 3) as necessary.


Check the ground stud for:
– Corrosion.
– Misplacing.
– Melting.
If the defective DAU is the DAU 1, check for correct cables
position. The cables cannot force the connector and pins
down. See Figure 2 below as reference.
It is also recommendable to check the ground stud
resistance. Using as ground reference the battery ground
point at battery compartment or ground point at the tail cone
door, according to Figure 4, with the Miliohmimeter (GSE
045) check the resistance value of 0.5 mΩ in the ground
stud.
NOTE: This resistance value is reached only using the
battery ground point at the battery compartment or ground
point at the tail cone door, as applicable, as ground
reference.

31-4 SEP 2006


B. NOTE: The operator can, at his discretion, use alternative
replacement procedures or policies that have already been
approved and are in use by the airline. These alternative
replacement procedures include experimental replacement of
parts, use of parts obtained from an aircraft on different aircraft
of the same fleet, interchange of equivalent parts of the same
aircraft, etc. Therefore, the operator must take responsibility for
all applicable precautions. In case of interchange (swap) of
units with same part number installed in the aircraft it is always
assumed that the LRU being interchanged does not have any
failure. If the interchange (swap) of units with same part number
installed in the aircraft is not allowed according to airline
policies go to the respective FIM task referred in Table 3.

CAUTION: • MAKE SURE THAT ALL VOLTAGE AND GROUND


CHECKS WHERE ACCOMPLISHED SUCCESSFULLY,
IN ORDER TO ENSURE THE DA-800 UNIT INTEGRITY.

• MAKE SURE THAT THE DEFECTIVE DAU AND


THE CROSS SIDE DAU HAVE THE SAME PART
NUMBER.

SEP 2006 31-5


Open the following circuit breakers:
– DAU 1A.
– DAU 1B.
– DAU 2A.
– DAU 2B.

1. Set the BATT1 switch, on the electrical panel, located on the


overhead panel, to OFF.
2. Swap the defective DAU with the respective cross side.
3. Close the circuit breakers opened above and set the BATT1
switch to ON.
4. Has the fail message changed to the defective DAU side?
a. Yes. Replace the DAU.
b. No. Do the respective FIM according to the DAU fail
message (Table 3).

31-6 SEP 2006


GENERAL TIPS

EICAS Message FIM TASK


DAU 1 ENG MISCMP 31-41-00-810-801-A
DAU 2 ENG MISCMP 31-41-00-810-802-A
DAU 1 SYS MISCMP 31-41-00-810-803-A
DAU 2 SYS MISCMP 31-41-00-810-804-A
DAU 1 WRN MISCMP 31-41-00-810-805-A
DAU 2 WRN MISCMP 31-41-00-810-806-A
DAU 1A FAIL 31-41-00-810-807-A
DAU 1B FAIL 31-41-00-810-808-A
DAU 2A FAIL 31-41-00-810-809-A
DAU 2B FAIL 31-41-00-810-810-A
Table 3 – Cross Reference between DAU messages and FIM Tasks

DAU Removal AMM 31-41-01-020-001-A00


DAU Installation AMM 31-41-01-420-001-A00
DAU Wiring WM 31-41-50
Electrical Connector Maintenance
WM 20-50-00_2
Practices
Table 4 – DAU References

SEP 2006 31-7


A
ZONE
123

B
1
DET. A

C
TIE−WRAP

VIEW C

DET. B
EM145QR000015C.DGN

THE WIRES MUST STAND STRAIGHT,


1 WITHOUT ANY BEND IN THIS REGION.
2 CORRECT TIE−WRAP POSITION.

Figure 2 – DAU 1 Ground Stud – GS0199 – Location and


positioning

31-8 SEP 2006


B

DOOR
272DR
A
ZONE
272

GS0459
EM145QR000021A.DGN

DET. B
Figure 3 – DAU 2 Ground Stud – GS0459 – Location and
positioning

SEP 2006 31-9


B
2
A 1

DET. A
EM145QR000026A.DGN

DET. B
1 FOR GS0199 RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT.
2 FOR GS0459 RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT.
Figure 4 – Probe Connection

31-10 SEP 2006


NOSE WHEEL STEERING PULL

INITIAL EVALUATION
A. Aircraft on ground.
B. Make sure that the towbar is disconnected from the NLG.
C. Make sure that the safety pins are installed on the landing gears
(AMM 32-00-01-910-801-A).
D. Energize the aircraft (AMM 20-40-01-860-801-A).
E. Make sure that the STEER circuit breaker is closed.
F. Turn on the hydraulic system No. 1 (AMM 29-10-00-860-801-A).
G. Make sure that the yaw trim indicator is in the zero position, on
the EICAS display.

PROBABLE CAUSES
A. Misadjustment/failure of the Feedback Potentiometer.
B. Misadjustment/failure of the Load Potentiometer.
C. Misadjustment/failure of the Hand Wheel Potentiometer.
D. Misadjustment/failure of the Rudder Pedal Potentiometer.
E. Failure of the NWS Manifold.
F. Tire of MLG or NLG with low pressure or damaged.

QUICK CHECKS
A. Check the pressure of the tires and the amount of thread left.
B. Service the Main Wheel Tire (AMM 32-49-01-600-801-A) or the
Nose Wheel Tire (AMM 32-49-04-600-801-A) as applicable. If
necessary, replace the MLG tires (AMM 32-49-01/4) or the NLG
tires (AMM 32-49-04/4).

NOTE: Make sure that both tires in the NLG are of the same brand.

SEP 2006 32-1


A

DET. B

NOSE WHEEL POSITION


INDICATION
MARK PLACARD.

NOSE WHEEL INDICATION


10 0 10 SCALE PLACARD.
EM145QR000019B.DGN

32-2 SEP 2005


C. Press and release the handwheel at the neutral position
(centralized) and make sure that the steering is engaged.
D. With the handle wheel not pressed, check if there is a nose
wheel misalignment.
E. In case of nose wheel misalignment, check if it is more or less
than 1.0 degree.
F. If it is less than 1.0 degree, do the steps below (RAMP 32-50-
00-200-801-A).
1. Identify the load potentiometer on the maintenance panel.
2. Release the lock nut and turn the adjusting bolt until the
nose wheels are centered/aligned with the zero mark on the
graduated scale (in degrees) of the landing gear.
3. Retighten the lock nut of the adjusting bolt and make sure
that the nose wheel stays in the 0 (zero)-degree position.
G. If it is more than 1.0 degree, do the steps below.

NOTE: • As there is no associated STEER INOP message, the


misalignment should also be less than 7.0 degrees.
• Connector P0051 is attached to connector J2 on the
Steering Electronic Control Module (SECM) and
connector P0052 is attached to connector J1 on the
Steering Electronic Control Module (SECM).

1. Turn off the hydraulic system No. 1 (AMM 29-10-00-860-


802-A).
2. Pull the STEER circuit breaker.
3. Make sure that the nose wheels are centered (use a towbar
if necessary).
4. Get access to the SECM.

SEP 2005 32-3


32-4
A
123 BL

CONTROL MODULE
STEERING ELECTRONIC
J1
XXXXXXXXXXXXX

DET. A
CONTROL MODULE
NOSEWHEEL STEERING
XXX XXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXX

VIEW. B
J2

EM145QR000020A.DGN

SEP 2005
5. Disconnect connector P0051 from the SECM.
6. To check the Feedback Potentiometer, measure the
resistance between pins A-B and between pins B-C of
connector P0051.

NOTE: Make sure that the potentiometer is correctly


attached to its assembly. If necessary attach it
correctly and check the values required.

7. If the difference between these measurements is more than


170 ohms, replace the Feedback Potentiometer (AMM 32-
50-07/4).
8. Reconnect connector P0051 to the SECM.
9. Make sure that the rudder pedals are centered (use the
rudder pedal centering pin).
10. Disconnect connector P0052 from the SECM.
11. To check the Rudder Pedal Potentiometer, measure the
resistance between pins K-D and between pins D-E of
connector P0052.

NOTE: Make sure that the potentiometer is correctly


attached to its assembly. If necessary attach it
correctly and check the values required.

12. If the difference between these measurements is more than


350 ohms, replace the Rudder Pedal Potentiometer (AMM
32-50-02/4).
13. If the difference between these measurements is more than
40 ohms and less than 350 ohms, adjust this difference to
less than 30 ohms (AMM 32-50-00-700-802-A).

SEP 2005 32-5


14. To check the Load Potentiometer, measure the resistance
between pins A-B and between pins B-C of connector
P0052.

NOTE: Make sure that the potentiometer is correctly


attached to its assembly. If necessary attach it
correctly and check the values required.

15. If the difference between these measurements is more than


130 ohms, replace the Load Potentiometer (AMM 32-50-
05/4).
16. Reconnect connector P0052 to the SECM.
17. Turn on the hydraulic system No. 1 (AMM 29-10-00-860-
802-A).
18. Push the STEER circuit breaker.
19. Adjust the nose wheel steering system (AMM 32-50-00-
700-802-A).
20. Check if the aircraft is still deviating from center line despite
the fact that there is no nose wheel misalignment due to
electrical component failure or electrical system
misadjustment.
21. If there is this kind of tendency check if the brakes are
grabbing (FIM 32-41-00-810-824-A-2).
H. Press and hold the handwheel at the center position and check
if there is a nose wheel misalignment.
I. In case of nose wheel misalignment, do the steps below:
1. To check the handwheel potentiometer, disconnect
connector P0052 from the steering electronic control
module.
2. Keep the handwheel pressed and measure the resistance
between pins A-B and between pins B-C.

32-6 SEP 2005


3. If the difference between these measurements is more than
40 ohms, replace the handwheel unit (AMM 32-50-01/4).
4. Release the handwheel.
5. Adjust the nose wheel steering system (AMM 32-50-00-700-
802-A) including the feedback potentiometer.
6. Check if the aircraft is still deviating from the center line
despite the fact that there is no nose wheel misalignment
due to electrical component failure or electrical system
misadjustment.
7. If there is this kind of tendency, check if the brakes are
grabbing (FIM 32-41-00-810-824-A-2).
J. Turn off the hydraulic system No. 1 (AMM 29-10-00-860-802-A).
K. Pull the STEER circuit breaker.
L. Make sure that the nose wheels are centered (use a towbar if
necessary).
M. Turn on the hydraulic system No. 1 (AMM 29-10-00-860-802-A).
N. Push the STEER circuit breaker.
O. Press and release the handwheel at the neutral position
(centralized) and make sure that the steering is engaged.
P. Verify if the nose wheels are still going to one side
inadvertently. If it occurs replace the Hydraulic Manifold (AMM
32-50-04/4) and do the operational check of the nose wheel
steering system (AMM 32-50-00-700-803).

If the problem is not solved, refer to the FIM 32-50-00-810-802-A


and WM 32-53-50.

SEP 2006 32-7


LG AIR/GND FAIL MESSAGE ON THE
EICAS

INITIAL EVALUATION
A. On the overhead circuit panel, make sure that the following
circuit breakers are closed:
– AIR/GND A (Location Tip: DC BUS 1/LDG GEAR/AIR/GND A);
– AIR/GND B (Location Tip: ESSENTIAL DC BUS 1/
LDG GEAR/AIR/GND B);
– AIR/GND C (Location Tip: DC BUS 2/LDG GEAR/AIR/GND C);
– AIR/GND D (Location Tip: ESSENTIAL DC BUS2/LDG GEAR/
AIR/GND D).

PROBABLE CAUSES
A. Failure of two MLG WOW proximity switch assemblies, not
necessarily located on the same MLG leg.
B. LGEU failure.

QUICK CHECKS
A. Using the laptop, download the CMC (AMM 45-45-00-970-802-A).
B. Look for the messages “LG AIR/GND – LGEU FAIL” and “LG
AIR/GND – PROX SW FAIL” on the download of the CMC.
1. If these messages appear at the same CMC download at the
same time, disregard the message “LG AIR/GND – LGEU FAIL”
and do the troubleshooting according to the steps C thru K.
2. If only the message “LG AIR/GND – LGEU FAIL” appears at
the CMC download, check the contact of the LGEU
connectors and, if necessary, replace the LGEU.

32-8 SEP 2005


3. If only the message “LG AIR/GND – PROX SW FAIL”
appears at the CMC download, do the troubleshooting
according to the steps C thru K.
C. Look for messages related to the failure of the WOW proximity
switches.
1. “LG LEFT WOW PROX SW FAIL”.
2. “LG RIGHT WOW PROX SW FAIL”.
D. According to the messages on the CMC, identify which WOW failed.
1. If GSE 012 or GSE 344 is available use them to identify which
WOW failed (TASK 32-63-05-700-801-A) or (TASK 32-63-05-
700-802-A). If these GSEs are not available, check all WOW
proximity switches related to the CMC fail messages.
E. Check the gap between the proximity switch and the target and
adjust this gap accordingly (TASK 32-63-05-700-803-A or TASK
32-63-05-700-804-A).
F. If applicable, remove the heat-shrinkable boot from the related
WOW assemblies.
G. Disconnect the WOW connector and check it and the pins of
the proximity switch for signs of corrosion.
1. If corrosion is found in the proximity switch, replace it as
necessary (TASK 32-63-01/4).
2. If corrosion is found in the connector assembly, apply the
repair kit (WM 20-50-00).
H. Check if the proximity switch is working properly and if
necessary replace it (TASK 32-63-01/4).
I. Protect the harness and the proximity switch against corrosion
using the special grease inside the plugs and the protective spray
on the outside of the plugs (refer to TASK 32-60-00-910-801-A).
J. If necessary, service the MLG Shock Absorber and make sure
that the dimension “H” is correct (TASK 32-10-02-600-801-A).

SEP 2005 32-9


K. Check the contact of the LGEU connectors and replace the
LGEU if necessary (TASK 32-32-01/4).

A C
ZONES
721
731

DET. A

LOCKWIRE

ELECTRICAL
CONNECTOR

NUT
AIR/GROUND
PROXIMITY
SWITCH

ELECTRICAL
CONNECTOR
DET. B
LOCKWIRE
AIR/GROUND
PROXIMITY
SWITCH
EM145QR000018A.DGN

NUT

DET. C

32-10 SEP 2005


The message “LG AIR/GND FAIL” on the EICAS is not due to the
failure of the NLG WOW. Anyway, if the message “LG NOSE WOW
PROX SW FAIL” appears on the download of the CMC, do the
procedures below:
A. Check the gap between the proximity switch and the target and
adjust this gap accordingly (TASK 32-63-05-700-803-A or TASK
32-63-05-700-804-A).
B. If applicable, remove the heat-shrinkable boot from the NLG
WOW assembly.
C. Disconnect the WOW connector and check it and the pins of
the proximity switch for signs of corrosion.
1. If corrosion is found in the proximity switch, replace it as
necessary (TASK 32-63-01/4).
2. If corrosion is found in the connector assembly, apply the
repair kit (WM 20-50-00).
D. Check if the proximity switch is working properly and, if
necessary, replace it (TASK 32-63-02/4).
E. Protect the harness and the proximity switch against corrosion
using the special grease inside the plugs and the protective
spray on the outside of the plugs (refer to TASK 32-60-00-910-
801-A).
F. If necessary, service the NLG shock absorber and make sure
that the dimension “H” is correct (TASK 32-20-01-600-801-A).

SEP 2005 32-11


PROXIMITY
SENSOR

B
A TARGET
ZONE
711
UPPER TORQUE
LINK

LOWER
TORQUE
LINK

DET. A

ELECTRICAL
CONNECTOR

AIR/GROUND
PROXIMITY
SENSOR

LOCKWIRE
DET. B
EM145QR000017A.DGN

NUT

32-12 SEP 2005


If the problem is not solved and the message “LG AIR/GND FAIL”
still shows on the EICAS, refer to the FIM tasks below:

MESSAGE FIM TASK


LG AIR/GND FAIL (EICAS) 32-63-00-810-801-A
LG AIR/GND PROX SW FAIL
32-63-00-810-805-A
(CMC/MFD)
LG AIR/GND LGEU FAIL (CMC/MFD) 32-63-00-810-804-A
LG RIGHT WOW PROX SW FAIL (CMC) 32-63-00-810-803-A
LG LEFT WOW PROX SW FAIL (CMC) 32-63-00-810-806-A
LG NOSE WOW PROX SW FAIL (CMC) 32-63-00-810-802-A

GENERAL TIPS
A. When troubleshooting the system with a CMC download, make
sure that the associated circuit breakers were not opened earlier.
Every time the AIR/GND A, B, C or D circuit breakers, located
on the circuit breaker panel are opened, CMC messages are
generated and should not be considered for troubleshooting
purposes.
B. NOTE: Reset the CMC after the troubleshooting and change
the CMC switch on the maintenance panel to the “ENABLE”
position.
When checking the harness, remember to check all the
connectors.
Make sure that the connectors are well attached to avoid bad
contact.
To guarantee that these connectors are not with bad contact,
shake the harness and check if there is no related message on
the EICAS or on the CMC.
If some message appears when the harness is shaken, check
this harness for continuity and check also the connectors.

SEP 2005 32-13


THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

32-14 SEP 2005


BLD LOW TEMP MESSAGE
ON THE EICAS
This message occurs when, in an A/ICE condition, the engine is
operating in low power rate.
NOTE: Check the Log Book to see if there are troubleshooting procedures
done previously (Replacement, Cleaning, or Adjustment/Test). If so,
go to the next component to be troubleshot.

PROBLABE CAUSES
A. Fan-air control thermostat failure.
B. Servo line blocked.
C. Fan air valve failed open.
D. Pneumatic damper/restrictor clogged.
E. Precooler outlet temperature sensor failure.
F. Precooler inlet temperature sensor failure.
G. Relay failure.
H. Electrical harness damage.
I. EBV lighted pushbuttons failure (Pre-Mod. 145-36-0047).
J. DAU Failure.
K. Failure of the TSV (Only for A/C ERJ-145XR).
L. Failure of Resistor (Post-Mod. 145-36-0043).

QUICK CHECKS
A. On the MFD, select the ECS page (AMM MPP 34-22-00/1).
Make sure that the pointer of the bleed temperature indication is
visible in the white range of the scale.
1. If necessary, replace the outlet temperature sensor of the
precooler (AMM MPP 36-20-01/4).

SEP 2007 36-1


2. (Only for A/C ERJ-145XR) do the operational test (TASK 36-11-
08-700-801-A) to make sure that the valves open/close correctly.
B. Make sure that PRECOOLER INLT SENSOR FAIL message
has not appeared on the CMC.
1. If necessary, replace the inlet temperature sensor (AMM
MPP 36-20-01/4).
C. Perform the test below to check the electrical command of the
HSV (TASK 36-11-02-700-801-A):
1. Start the APU (TASK 49-10-00-910-802-A).
2. Do the engine start procedure (TASK 71-00-01-910-801-A).
3. Make sure that the thrust levers are in the IDLE position.
4. On the overhead panel, push the APU BLEED pushbutton.
5. On the overhead panel, move the XBLEED rotary switch to
the OPEN position.
6. On the overhead panel, push the BLEED pushbutton.
7. On the overhead panel, push the PACK pushbutton.
8. Wait until the parameters stabilize.
Note the value of ITT.
9. On the overhead panel, pull the HSV circuit breaker.
10. Wait approximately 1 minute and then look at the ITT
display, on the EICAS.
Note the value of ITT. The ITT should decrease.
11. On the overhead panel, push the HSV circuit breaker.
The ITT should rise to the original reading.
If there is no oscillation of ITT, it means that there is lack of
power to the HSV. Therefore the power circuitry for the
HSV has to be checked (WM 36-11-50/51).
12. Do the reconfiguration of the aircraft (pushbuttons, circuit
breakers, and switch). Otherwise, refer to FIM TASK 36-11-
00-810-801-A or TASK 36-11-00-810-802-A as applicable.

36-2 SEP 2007


GENERAL TIPS
A. Check if the drain lines are not kinked (refer figure).
1. Check for the correct installation of the drain line to the
FACT (AMM MPP 36-11-06-4).

A 1 A 2

SERVO LINE

FACT

BLEED TUBE
(REF.)

B
DET. A
(TYPICAL)

DRAIN LINE

FUSELAGE

DRAIN LINE

FUSELAGE

DRAIN FAIRING

VIEW B 1
EM145QR000005A.DGN

DRAIN FAIRING
VIEW B 2

1 APPLICABLE TO EMB−140 AND EMB−145 (ALL MODELS).

2 APPLICABLE TO EMB−135 (ALL MODELS).

SEP 2006 36-3


B. Check the applicable documents and identify the components
that have been replaced recently to prevent unnecessary
replacements.
C. Based on the entries in the applicable maintenance recording
documents, clean the damper/restrictor (AMM MPP 36-11-11-7)
or replace it (AMM MPP 36-11-06/401).
D. Based on the entries in the applicable maintenance recording
documents, replace the FACT (AMM MPP 36-11-06/4) or the
FAV (AMM MPP 36-11-03/4).
E. Do the bleed system operational test (TASK 36-00-00-700-806-
A).
F. If no fault could be found, go to the FIM and do TASK 36-11-00-
810-801-A or TASK 36-11-00-810-802-A as applicable.

36-4 SEP 2006


BLD OVTEMP MESSAGE ON THE EICAS
The precooler temperatures are above the set point specified for aircraft.
NOTE: Check the Log Book to see if there are troubleshooting procedures
previously done (Replacement, Cleaning, or Adjustment/Test). If so,
go to the next component to be troubleshot.

PROBABLE CAUSES
Refer figure.
A. Fan-air control thermostat failure.
B. Fan air valve filter is dirty.
C. Fan air valve failure.
D. Ducts upstream of the precooler line are dirty/ruptured.
E. Precooler is ruptured.
F. Leakage in servo line.
G. Precooler outlet temperature sensor failure.
H. Failure of the TSV (Only for A/C ERJ-145XR).
I. Failure of Resistor (Post-Mod. 145-36-0043).

QUICK CHECKS
A. Do a visual inspection to check if there are no cracks on the
servo line, flexible tube, FAV, and sleeve.
B. Do a visual inspection on the fan air valve filter, if necessary
clean (SUBTASK 36-11-03-170-001-A00) or replace it (AMM
MPP 36-11-03/401).
C. Check the applicable documents and identify the components that
have been replaced recently to prevent unnecessary replacements.
D. Based on the entries in the applicable maintenance recording documents,
replace the FACT (AMM MPP 36-11-06/4) or FAV (AMM MPP 36-11-03/4).

SEP 2007 36-5


E. If the cause of BLD OVTEMP message was not found, go to the
FIM TASK 36-11-00-810-803-A or TASK 36-11-00-810-804-A.
F. (Only for A/C ERJ-145XR) do the operational test (TASK 36-11-08-
700-801-A) to make sure that the valves open/close correctly.

SERVO LINE
A
SLEEVE
DUCT

PRECOOLER

SERVO LINE

DET. A EBV

FLEXIBLE
TUBE

FAN AIR VALVE

FWD
EM145QR000004A.DGN

FAN−AIR
VALVE
FILTER
DET. B

36-6 SEP 2007


BLD VLV FAIL MESSAGE ON THE EICAS

NOTE: • Make sure that the HS 1 VLV FAIL, PACK 1 VLV FAIL and
CROSS BLD VLV FAIL message(s) is(are) not shown on
the EICAS before starting troubleshooting.
• Make sure that the BLD 1 LOW TEMP or BLD 2 LOW
TEMP, ENG N2 Fault message(s) is(are) not shown on the
EICAS and the PRECOOLER 1 TEMPCTL SYS FAIL or
PRECOOLER 2 TEMPCTL SYS FAIL message(s) is(are)
not shown on the CMC.
• Check the Log Book to see if there are troubleshooting
procedures done previously (Replacement, Cleaning, or
Adjustment/Test). If so, go to the next component to be
troubleshot.

PROBABLE CAUSES
A. EBV failure.
B. High-stage pressure switch failure.
NOTE: This would be the failure only if the APU bleed air was
selected to on.
C. Relay failure.
D. Electrical harness-related failure.
E. The pushbutton EBV remains in the ON position.
F. IC 600 configuration not installed.

SEP 2005 36-7


QUICK CHECKS
DO AN ELECTRICAL CHECK ON THE RELAYS AND HARNESS
AS FOLLOWS:
A. Energize the aircraft (TASK 20-40-01-860-801-A).
B. On the maintenance control panel, set the EICAS switch to the
OVERRIDE position.
C. Make sure that the BATT 1 and BATT 2 switches, on the
electrical panel, on the overhead panel, are set at OFF.
D. On the overhead circuit breaker panel, open the AIR/GND/A,
AIR/GND/B, AIR/GND/C, and AIR/GND/D circuit breakers.
1. The BLD VLV CLSD advisory message comes into view on
the EICAS.
2. Wait approximately 10 seconds and look at the EICAS
display.
a. The BLD VLV FAIL message should not be shown on the
EICAS.
E. On the overhead circuit breaker panel, open the N2 circuit
breaker.
F. On the overhead circuit breaker panel, close the AIR/GND/A,
AIR/GND/B, AIR/GND/C, and AIR/GND/D circuit breakers.
G. Start the APU (TASK 49-10-00-910-802-A).
H. On the overhead panel, push the APU BLEED pushbutton.
I. On the overhead panel, set the XBLD valve switch to OPEN.
J. On the overhead panel, push the PACK pushbutton.

36-8 SEP 2005


K. On the overhead panel, push the BLEED pushbutton.
1. Make sure that the lighted pushbutton BLEED extinguishes.
a. The BLD VLV FAIL message should come into view on
the EICAS in 10 seconds or less.
• If the electrical check has been successful and the
messages confirmed, then the relay and harness must
not be the cause of the failure.
2. Do the reconfiguration of the aircraft (pushbuttons, circuit
breakers, and switch). Go to step mechanical checks.
• If the electrical check has not been successful, go to the
FIM manual and do TASK 36-11-00-810-805-A or TASK
36-11-00-810-806-A.
NOTE: Make sure that the required IC-600 configuration
module (IM 600) is installed. For this, it is necessary
that the correct version of the software be downloaded
into the EICAS. Refer to SB 145-36-0028.

DO THESE MECHANICAL CHECKS:


A. Start the engine (TASK 71-00-01-910-801-A).
B. Start the APU (TASK 49-10-00-910-802-A).
C. Make sure that the BATT 1 and BATT 2 switches, on the
electrical panel, on the overhead panel, are set at OFF.
D. On the overhead circuit breaker panel, open the AIR/GND/A,
AIR/GND/B, AIR/GND/C, and AIR/GND/D circuit breakers.
E. On the overhead panel, push the APU BLEED pushbutton.
F. On the overhead panel, set the XBLD VALVE switch to OPEN.
G. On the overhead panel, push the PACK pushbutton.
H. On the overhead panel, push the EBV pushbutton.

SEP 2005 36-9


I. Check if:
1. The BLD VLV FAIL message has come into view, on the
EICAS.
2. The BLD VLV CLSD message stays on the EICAS.
3. Check, on the overhead panel, if the APU BLEED open
inscription is lighted.
J. On the overhead panel, release the APU BLEED pushbutton.
K. On the overhead panel, release the EBV pushbutton.
L. On the overhead panel, push the EBV pushbutton.
M. Check if the BLD VLV FAIL message has come into view, on
the EICAS.
1. If only step I has been checked:
Replace the high-stage pressure switch (AMM MPP 36-11-
07/4).
2. If only step L has been checked:
Replace the engine bleed valve (AMM MPP 36-11-05/4).
3. If both steps I and L have been checked:
Go to the FIM manual and do TASK 36-11-00-810-805-A or
TASK 36-11-00-810-806-A.
M. Do the reconfiguration of the aircraft (pushbuttons, circuit
breakers, and switch).
1. Do the High Stage Pressure switch operational test (AMM
TASK 36-11-07-700-801-A/501).
2. Is the High Stage Pressure switch OK?
a. Yes. Replace the LH engine bleed valve (AMM MPP 36-
11-05/401).
b. No. Replace the High-Stage Pressure switch (AMM MPP
36-11-07/401).
N. Stop the engine (TASK 71-00-01-910-804-A).
O. Stop the APU (TASK 49-10-00-910-803-A).

36-10 SEP 2005


BLD LEAK MESSAGE ON THE EICAS
NOTE: Check the Log Book to see if there are troubleshooting
procedures done previously (Replacement, Cleaning, or
Adjustment/Test). If so, go to the next component to be
troubleshot.

MOST PROBLABE CAUSES


A. Gamah coupling o-ring deterioration.
B. Gamah coupling disconnection.
C. Cracked tube.
D. Loose V-band clamp.
E. Thermal Switch short-circuited.
F. Air ground connection leaking.

QUICK CHECKS
BLD APU LEAK MESSAGE
Do as follows:
A. Start the APU (TASK 49-10-00-910-802-A).
B. Do an inspection on the joints numbered 28 and 30 in the tail
cone (rear APU compartment). Refer to TASK 36-11-09-200-
803-A (Air-Bleed Lines – Leak Inspection).
C. Do an inspection on the joint numbered 26 in the rear electronic
compartment. Refer to figure (AMM MPP 36-11-09/6).
1. If any leak is found, eliminate it (AMM MPP 36-11-09/401).
2. If the message comes into view on the EICAS again, go to
the FIM manual and do TASK 36-20-00-810-803-A.

SEP 2006 36-11


TAIL CONE
− ACCESS DOOR

REAR ELECTRONIC
COMPARTMENT − ACCESS DOOR

EM145QR000002A.DGN
30

28

26

BLD 1 LEAK MESSAGE


The odd-numbered joints from 1 to 29 are part of the left-hand
pneumatic system, which ends at the stab anti-icing valve (limited
by the APU bleed air check valve and the cross bleed valve).
Do as follows:
A. Start the APU (TASK 49-10-00-910-802-A).
B. Do an inspection on the joints numbered 13, 15, 17, 19, 23, and 25 in
the baggage compartment. Refer to figure (AMM MPP 36-11-09/6).
C. Do an inspection on the joints numbered 25 and 27 in the
electronic compartment. Refer to figure (AMM MPP 36-11-09/6).
D. Do a visual inspection on the V-clamps inside the left pylon (21).
Make sure of the integrity of the ducts (AMM MPP 36-11-09/6).
1. If any leak is found, eliminate it (AMM MPP 36-11-09/401).
2. If the message comes into view on the EICAS again, go to
the FIM manual and do the TASK 36-20-00-810-801-A.

36-12 SEP 2005


29
27
22 24
21

25
30
20 28
18 26
14 16 23
12 19
6
4 8 7 10 17
2 15
13

EM145QR000001A.DGN
11
9
5
3
1
FUSELAGE JOINTS LINE

BLD 2 LEAK MESSAGE


The even-numbered joints from 2 to 24 are part of the right-hand
pneumatic system, which ends at the cross-bleed valve.
Do as follows:
A. Start the APU (TASK 49-10-00-910-802-A).

WARNING: DO NOT TOUCH THE DUCTS OR


COMPONENTS OF THE ANTI-ICING SYSTEM
IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE SYSTEM IS
TURNED OFF, BECAUSE THE HIGH AIR
TEMPERATURE CAN CAUSE INJURY TO YOU.

B. Do an inspection on the joints numbered 14, 16, 18, 20, and 24 in


the baggage compartment. Refer to figure (AMM MPP 36-11-09/6).

SEP 2006 36-13


C. Do a visual inspection on the V-clamps inside of the right pylon
(22). Make sure of the integrity of the ducts (AMM MPP 36-11-
09/6).
1. If any leak is found, eliminate it (AMM MPP 36-11-09/401).
2. If the message comes into view on the EICAS again, go to
the FIM manual and do TASK 36-20-00-810-802-A.
D. Do an inspection on the ground connection check valve.
1. Open access door 272CR (AMM 06-41-01/101) on the
aircraft.
2. Apply the leak detector to the ground connection check valve
and examine it for leak.
a. If any leak is found, eliminate it and tighten the ground
connection check valve again (IPC 36-10-02) (AMM MPP
36-11-09/401).
b. If the message comes into view on the EICAS again, go to
the FIM manual and do TASK 36-20-00-810-802-A.

272 CR
EM145QR000025A.DGN

36-14 SEP 2006


PAX DOOR HARD TO OPERATE

DOOR HARD TO CLOSE/OPEN


The PAX door does not reach the right locked or unlocked position.

STEP

STOPS (12x)

DOOR RUBBER
SEAL

INTERNAL HANDLE

UPPER LATERAL
EM145QR000022A.DGN

GUIDES

FOLDING FLAP

SEP 2006 52-1


FOLDING FLAP

UPPER
LATERAL
GUIDES

INTERNAL
HANDLE

ROTATING
ARM

STOPS (12x) EM145QR000023A.DGN

DOOR RUBBER
SEAL LOWER LATERAL
GUIDES

52-2 SEP 2006


MOST PROBABLE CAUSES
A. Interference between the upper/lower rollers and the tracks.
B. High interference between the upper lateral guides (and lower
lateral guides for Side-Hinged door) and their seats.
C. Stops hit the stop seats (Side-Hinged Door).

QUICK CHECKS
A. To adjust the rollers:
1. Move the roller upward or downward, as necessary for the
roller to enter freely into the track.
B. To adjust the upper/lower lateral guides:
1. Check the gap of the door (Airstairs Door: AMM TASK 52-
10-01-820-807-A; Side-Hinged Door: AMM TASK 52-18-00-
820-806-A).
2. If the gap is not correct, adjust the gap first and then, tighten
the upper/lower lateral guide seats to compress the rubber
spacer and get the right tolerance (Airstairs Door: AMM
TASK 52-10-01-820-807-A; Side-Hinged Door: AMM TASK
52-18-00-820-806-A).
C. To prevent the stops from hitting the stop seats (Side-Hinged
Door):
1. Raise the door by removing washers from above and
installing them under the arm fitting (Side-Hinged Door:
AMM TASK 52-18-00-820-806-A).
2. Make sure the gap of the door is in the tolerance (AMM
TASK 52-18-00-820-806-A).
3. Adjust the upper and lower rollers (AMM TASK 52-18-00-
820-805-A).

SEP 2006 52-3


GENERAL TIPS
The table below identifies the problem of the PAX door and guides
you to the required task to solve the problem. Refer to FIM TASK
52-11-00-810-801-A (Airstairs Door), and FIM TASK 52-18-00-810-
801-A (Side-Hinged Door).

Probable Causes Solution Task


AMM TASK
52-10-01-820-806-A
Adjust the rollers vertically
Upper/lower rollers (Airstairs Door);
allowing them to enter
with interference AMM TASK
freely into the track.
52-18-00-820-805-A
(Side-Hinged Door).
AMM TASK
52-10-01-820-807-A
Adjust the gap of the door
Upper lateral guides (Airstairs Door);
and tighten the lateral
with interference AMM TASK
guide seats.
52-18-00-820-806-A
(Side-Hinged Door).
AMM TASK
Stop hits stop seat
Raise the door. 52-18-00-820-806-A
(Side-Hinged Door)
(Side-Hinged Door).

52-4 SEP 2006


B

FRAME RUBBER
SEAL

WD40

ROLLER

LATERAL
GUIDE SEAT

DET. A
EM145QR000024A.DGN

DET. B

SEP 2006 52-5


DOOR HARD TO LOCK/UNLOCK
The PAX door does not reach the right open or closed position.

MOST PROBABLE CAUSES


A. Upper/Lower rollers jammed.
B. Loosen bolts of the internal handle box (Side-Hinged Door).
C. Interference between the stops and the stop seats.
D. Seal problems: improper installed, old or damaged.
E. Folding flap misadjusted.
F. Cables misadjusted or damaged.
G. Ice formation.

QUICK CHECKS
A. Disassemble the rollers, clean and lubricate them with WD40
(AMM TASK 53-21-02-600-801-A).
B. Tighten the bolts (x3) of the internal handle box (Side-Hinged
Door).
C. To adjust the stops:
1. Check the door step (Airstairs Door: AMM TASK 52-10-01-820-
808-A; Side-Hinged Door: AMM TASK 52-18-00-820-807-A).
2. If the door is “out” of the fuselage (maximum steps), move
the rollers inward.
3. If the door is “in” the fuselage (minimum step), remove shims
from the stops to get the correct gap between the stops and
stop seats (Airstairs Door: AMM TASK 52-10-01-820-809-A;
Side-Hinged Door: AMM TASK 52-18-00-820-808-A).
4. File the stop seats to remove the wear marks, according to
the limits shown in SRM 53-21-15/101.

52-6 SEP 2006


D. Check if the rubber seal is correctly installed on the frame
(AMM TASK 53-21-01-400-801-A), and on the contour of
fittings, screws and rivets.
Replace the frame rubber seal if it is old, damaged or installed
with excessive sealant.

NOTE: The frame rubber seal cannot be repaired.

Repair damages on the door rubber seal, or replace it if it is old.


Lubricate the rubber seals (door and frame) with Tiolon A20.
E. To adjust the folding flap:
1. Shorten the length of the folding-flap actuating rods (Airstairs
Door: AMM TASK 52-10-01-820-811-A; Side-Hinged Door:
AMM TASK 52-18-00-820-810-A).
F. Check if the cables are damaged or misadjusted.
1. If a cable is damaged, replace it (Airstairs Door: AMM TASK
52-11-10-400-801-A; Side-Hinged Door: AMM TASK 52-18-
09-400-801-A).
2. If the cables are misadjusted, adjust them. With the door in
the locked position, the cables of the lock boxes must be
tensioned to the point that, when you touch it, move the red
marks on the lock boxes. The cable of the internal handle
must be much less tensioned then the external handle cable
(Airstairs Door: AMM TASK 52-10-01-820-805-A; Side-
Hinged Door: AMM TASK 52-18-00-820-804-A).
G. If presence of ice is suspected, apply hot air with a hot gun in
the outer skin of the PAX door.

SEP 2007 52-7


GENERAL TIPS
The table below identifies the problem of the PAX door and guides
you to the required task to solve the problem. Refer to FIM TASK
52-11-00-810-802-A (Airstairs Door), and FIM TASK 52-18-00-810-
802-A (Side-Hinged Door).

Probable Causes Solution Task


Upper/Lower rollers Clean and lubricate the AMM TASK
jammed rollers with WD40. 53-21-02-600-801-A.
Loose bolts of the
Tighten the bolts (x3) of AMM TASK
internal handle box
the internal handle box. 52-18-00-820-801-A.
(Side-Hinged Door)
AMM TASK
52-10-01-820-809-A
(Airstairs Door);
AMM TASK
Remove shims from the 52-18-00-820-808-A
Interference stops or, adjust the (Side-Hinged Door).
between the stops rollers. AMM TASK
and the stop seats File the stop seats to 52-10-01-820-806-A
remove the wear marks. (Airstairs Door);
AMM TASK
52-18-00-820-805-A
(Side-Hinged Door).
SRM 53-21-15/101.
AMM TASK
Frame rubber seal:
53-21-11-400-801-A.
replace if it is damaged,
AMM TASK
old or improperly installed.
52-00-04-300-801-A.
Make the contours of the
Rubber seal
fittings, screws and rivets. AMM TASK
problems 52-10-04-400-801-A
Lubricate it.
Door rubber seal: repair (Airstairs Door);
damages; replace if it is AMM TASK
old, and lubricate it. 52-18-04-400-801-A
(Side-Hinged Door).

52-8 SEP 2006


Probable Causes Solution Task
AMM TASK
52-10-01-820-811-A
Shorten the length of the
Folding flap (Airstairs Door);
folding-flap actuating
misadjusted AMM TASK
rods.
52-18-00-820-810-A
(Side-Hinged Door).
AMM TASK
52-10-01-820-805-A
(Airstairs Door);
AMM TASK
52-18-00-820-804-A
Replace the cables
Cables misadjusted (Side-Hinged Door).
damaged, or adjust them
or damaged AMM TASK
to the required tension.
52-11-10-400-801-A
(Airstairs Door);
AMM TASK
52-18-09-400-801-A
(Side-Hinged Door).
Apply hot air in the outer
Ice formation Not applicable.
skin of the PAX door.

SEP 2006 52-9


MAIN DOOR PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
PROCEDURES
Embraer recommends the accomplishment of the tasks listed in the
tables below, to reduce main door dispatchability problems.

RECOMMENDATION: "5A" CHECK


Reference AMM Task Number Description
52-00-04-200-801-A Rubber Trim Seal - Inspection
Airstairs Main-door Actuating And
52-11-00-600-801-A
Locking Mechanism - Lubrication
Side-hinged Main-door Actuating
52-18-00-600-801-A And Locking Mechanism -
Lubrication
Main-door Internal Actuating
52-18-00-820-801-A
Handle - Test
Airstairs Main-door Warning
52-73-01-700-801-A
Microswitches - Functional Test
Side-hinged Main-door Warning
52-73-01-700-802-A
Microswitches - Functional Test
53-21-01-200-801-A Frame Rubber Seal - Inspection

RECOMMENDATION: "C" CHECK


Reference AMM Task Number Description
52-10-04-000-801-A Main-door Rubber Trim Seal -
52-10-04-400-801-A Removal/installation
52-18-04-000-801-A Side-hinged Main-door Rubber
52-18-04-400-801-A Trim Seal - Removal/installation
53-21-01-000-801-A Main-door Frame Rubber Seal -
53-21-01-400-801-A Removal/installation

52-10 SEP 2007


ENGINE START PROBLEMS

NO ROTATION
During an engine start attempt there is no rotation or the engine
does not reach sufficient N2 to start ignition (14% N2).

MOST PROBABLE CAUSES


A. Air Turbine Starter – ATS.
B. Starter Control Valve – SCV.
C. Cross bleed valve.

QUICK CHECKS
A. According to the pneumatic power source (APU or external
pneumatic power source), check for these EICAS messages:
APU BLD VLV FAIL and/or CROSS BLD FAIL and do the
applicable T/S.
B. During start procedure, check the start control valve manual
control position. If it is in the OPEN position, replace the ATS. If
it is not in the OPEN position, do the troubleshooting for the
start control valve and/or pneumatic system.
C. Do an engine start procedure with manual override of the start
control valve (AMM MPP 80-10-02/201).
D. If FADEC download is required, do not de-energize the aircraft.

See Embraer FIM TASK 72-00-00-810-809-A

OCT 2004 71-1


ENGINE DOES NOT START (NO LIGHTOFF)
There is no significant ITT increase within 5 seconds after fuel flow
is introduced on an engine start attempt.

MOST PROBABLE CAUSES


A. Ignition system.
B. Fuel nozzles
C. Fuel Pump Metering Unit – FPMU.
D. FADEC.
E. Combustor chamber brackets.

QUICK CHECKS
A. For cold weather, do an engine start procedure with the
IGNITION switch in the ON position (dual ignition procedure).
B. Check for CMC messages on the MFD (AMM MPP 45-45-
00/201).
C. If the failure is associated with FADEC channel A, do an engine
start procedure with FADEC channel B. Use the FADEC
RESET/ALTN switch to select the FADEC channel.
D. If FADEC download is required, do not de-energize the aircraft.

See Rolls-Royce FIM CSP34064


TASK 72-00-00-810-803

71-2 OCT 2004


STAGNATED (HUNG) START
Lightoff is achieved, but the engine is slow to reach idle or does not
reach idle.

MOST PROBABLE CAUSES


A. Observe N2 rotation at fuel introduction.
If N2 > 28% at fuel introduction:
1. (For Pre-Mod. SB AE3007A-75-019) – CABV/CABCV
2. FPMU/Fuel Nozzle

If N2 < 28% at fuel introduction:


1. APU/External pneumatic power source.
2. Starter Control Valve – SCV.
3. Aircraft bleed system
4. Air Turbine Starter – ATS.

QUICK CHECKS
A. If the residual ITT is higher than 210°C (410°F), do an engine
dry motoring to decrease the ITT and then do a new engine
start.
B. According to the pneumatic power source (APU or external
pneumatic power source), check for these EICAS messages:
APU BLD VLV FAIL and/or CROSS BLD FAIL and do the
applicable T/S.
C. Check for CMC messages on the MFD (AMM MPP 45-45-
00/201).
D. Do an engine start for the other engine to make sure that the
pneumatic power source is operational (APU, external
pneumatic power source).

OCT 2004 71-3


E. During start procedure, check the start control valve manual
control position. If it is in the OPEN position, replace the ATS. If
it is not in the OPEN position, do the troubleshooting for the
start control valve and/or pneumatic system.
F. Do an engine start procedure with manual override of the start
control valve (AMM MPP 80-10-02/201).
G. If FADEC download is required, do not de-energize the aircraft.

See Embraer FIM TASK 72-00-00-810-803-A

71-4 OCT 2004


HOT START/TORCHING ON START
A hot start occurs when the ITT is above the temperature normally
seen during engine starts, or is above 800°C (1742°F). A torch start
occurs when a flame is seen in the exhaust duct during an engine
start.

MOST PROBABLE CAUSES


A. ITT residual above 210°C (410°F).
B. Fuel nozzle.
C. FADEC.
D. Ignition system.
E. FPMU.
F. Combustor chamber brackets.

QUICK CHECKS
A. If residual ITT is higher than 210°C (410°F), do an engine dry
motoring to decrease the ITT and then do a new engine start.
B. Check for CMC messages on the MFD (AMM MPP 45-45-
00/201).
C. If FADEC download is required, do not de-energize the aircraft.

See Rolls-Royce FIM CSP34064


TASK 72-00-00-810-801

OCT 2004 71-5


START ATTEMPT INTERRUPTED
All parameters are normal but the start attempt is being interrupted
as soon as the START switch is released from start to RUN
position.

MOST PROBABLE CAUSES


A. ENG START switch.

QUICK CHECKS
A. Check for CMC messages on the MFD (AMM MPP 45-45-
00/201).
B. If FADEC download is required, do not de-energize the aircraft.

71-6 OCT 2004