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‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﻴــــــــــــــــــﺎﺀ‬
‫ﳛﺘﻮﻱ ﻗﺮﺹ ﺩﻭﺍﺀ ﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺣﺮﻭﻕ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺓ ﻛﺘﻠﺘﻪ ‪ m0 = 1,33g‬ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ m1 = 680mg‬ﻣﻦ ﻛﺮﺑﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﻮﻡ‬
‫‪ CaCO3‬ﻭ ‪ m2‬ﻣﻦ ﻫﻴﺪﺭﻭﺟﻴﻨﻮ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻐﻨﻴﺰﻳﻮﻡ ‪ Mg (HCO3 ) 2‬ﻭﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺯﺍﺋﺪﺓ ﳒﻬﻞ ﻛﺘﻠﺘﻬﺎ ‪ .‬ﻧﺪﻳﺐ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺹ ﰲ ﻛﺄﺱ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ‪ V= 100mL‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﺺ ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻄﻲ ‪, M (CaCO3 ) = 100 g / mol‬‬
‫‪M ( Mg ( HCO3 ) 2 ) = 146 g / mol‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺐ ‪CaCO3‬‬
‫‪ -1‬ﻧﻌﺘﱪ‬
‫‪ (11‬ﺃﻛﺘﺐ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺫﻭﺑﺎﻥ ‪ CaCO3‬ﰲ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ‬
‫‪ (12‬ﺃﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻳﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﲡﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺄﺱ‬
‫‪2+‬‬
‫‪ -2‬ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﺘﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺐ ‪ Mg (HCO3 ) 2‬ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺹ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺃﻳﻮﻧﺎﺕ ‪Mg aq‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺄﺱ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﺒﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺘﻔﺎﻋﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ )‪ (Na+aq +HO-aq‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻧﻌﺘﱪ ﺣﺪﻭﺙ‬
‫ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻭﺣﻴﺪ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺗﺞ ‪. Mg(OH)2‬‬
‫ﻧﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﱪ ﻭﻧﺄﺧﺬ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻠﺔ ‪ m2‬ﻣﻦ ‪ Mg (HCO3 ) 2‬ﻭﻧﺬﻳﺒﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﳊﺠﻢ ‪V2 =100mL‬‬
‫‪ -1 2‬ﺃﻛﺘﺐ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺫﻭﺑﺎﻥ ‪Mg (HCO3 ) 2‬‬
‫‪ -13‬ﻟﺘﺮﺳﻴﺐ ﻛﻞ ﺃﻳﻮﻧﺎﺕ ‪ Mg2+aq‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ‪ Mg(OH)2‬ﻧﻀﻴﻒ ﺣﺠﻤﺎ ‪ V3 = 10mL‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﳏﻠﻮﻝ )‪ (Na+aq +HO-aq‬ﺫﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ ‪ C3 =0.11mol.L-1‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ ﻻﺧﺘﻔﺎﺀ ﻛﻞ ﺃﻳﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﻛﻞ ‪Mg2+aq‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺪﺓ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺠﻢ ‪V3‬‬
‫ﺃ ‪ -‬ﺃﻛﺘﺐ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺳﻴﺐ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻭﺻﻔﻲ ﲝﺎﻻﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ – ﺃﺟﺮﺩ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻂ ﻋﻨﺪ ‪‬ﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﳏﺪﺩﺍ ﻛﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺎﺩ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺝ ‪ -‬ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺟﻮﻉ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ‪ (12‬ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﻛﺘﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺐ ‪Mg (HCO3 ) 2‬‬
‫ﺩ ‪ -‬ﲢﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺳﻴﺐ ‪.‬‬

‫(‬ ‫‪HCO3− , CO32− :‬‬ ‫) ﺃﻳﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ‬