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Table of Contents
DataStar Documents...............................................................................................................................................1 Cognitive function and symptoms in adolescents with schizotypal personality disorder..............................1 Temperament and character personality dimensions in patients with nonspecific musculoskeletal disorders. ....................................................................................................................................................1 . The evidentiary introduction of Psychopathy Checklist−Revised assessed psychopathy in U.S. courts: extent and appropriateness.........................................................................................................................2 Psychopathy, sexual deviance, and recidivism among sex offenders.........................................................3 . Sex offenders' response to treatment and its association with recidivism as a function of psychopathy.....3 Genes and antisocial behavior: perceived versus real threats to jurisprudence..........................................4 (Neurotic conflict systematics−−the fundamentals of conflict diagnostics (OPD−2))...................................4 Personality disorders and unmet needs among psychiatric inpatients. .......................................................5 . Self−stigma, empowerment, and perceived legitimacy of discrimination among women with mental illness..........................................................................................................................................................5 Prospective assessment of treatment use by patients with personality disorders.......................................6 . Relationship management therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder...................................7 Medication utilization patterns and methods of suicidality in borderline personality disorder......................7 . An emergency department's response to a patient's threat to kill the president..........................................8 Assessment of the burden of disease among inpatients in specialized units that provide psychotherapy.............................................................................................................................................8 Physicians should not be agents of the police.............................................................................................9 . Assessment and management of patients who make threats against the president in the psychiatric emergency service......................................................................................................................................9 Dangerous people with severe personality disorders. ...............................................................................10 . Dangerous people with severe personality disorders. ...............................................................................10 . The BPRS−E as predictor of length of stay in a residential facility. ...........................................................11 . (Short−term and long−term inpatient psychotherapy −− indications, results, predictors)..........................11 . (Personality disorders after inpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy)......................................................12 . (Psychotherapeutic treatment of personality disorders).............................................................................13 Dangerous severe personality disorders: England's experiment in using psychiatry for public protection. .................................................................................................................................................13 . Intensive dialectical behavior therapy for outpatients with borderline personality disorder who are in crisis..........................................................................................................................................................14 (Psychotherapeutic relationship and outcome in psychotherapy of personality disorders)........................14 Using mentalisation to treat patients with borderline personality disorder.................................................15 . Antisocial personality disorder with childhood− vs. adolescence−onset conduct disorder: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions...................................................16 . Cluster B and C personality traits, symptom correlates, and treatment utilization in postacute schizophrenia............................................................................................................................................16 Better care for Michael Stone might still not have prevented the killings...................................................17 Modeling heterogeneity in social interaction processes using multilevel survival analysis........................17 (Validation of the QFS measuring the frequency and satisfaction in social behaviours in psychiatric adult population)........................................................................................................................................18 Psychiatric disturbances after traumatic brain injury: neurobehavioral and personality changes..............19 Current perspectives on conduct disorder. ................................................................................................20 . Childhood trauma and personality disorder: toward a biological model.....................................................21 Early sea changes in borderline personality disorder. ...............................................................................21 . (The variants of personality maladaptation in patients with multiple sclerosis)..........................................21 (Comparative assessment of cognitive styles forming personal behavior in health and borderline personality disorder)..................................................................................................................................22 Impairment of memory organization in patients with schizophrenia or schizotypal disorder......................22 (Prediction of effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy in major depression with routinely collected data)..........................................................................................................................................................23 (A comparative study of two methods of personality assessment, the TCI and the NVM (Dutch shortened version of the MMPI))...............................................................................................................24 How is personality disorder linked to dangerousness? A putative role for early−onset alcohol abuse......24 Further evidence for a developmental subtype of bipolar disorder defined by age at onset: results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions...............................................25 .

Table of Contents
DataStar Documents The emergence of psychopathy: implications for the neuropsychological approach to developmental disorders. ..................................................................................................................................................25 . A lament about lack: commentary on Wilson.............................................................................................26 Adolescent Cluster A personality disorder symptoms, role assumption in the transition to adulthood, and resolution or persistence of symptoms...............................................................................................26 Personal relatedness and attachment in infants of mothers with borderline personality disorder. ............27 . Suicidal behavior in alcohol−dependent subjects: the role of personality disorders..................................28 Effects of repeated amphetamine administration on antisaccade in schizophrenia spectrum personality.................................................................................................................................................28 A family study of pathological gambling.....................................................................................................29 Childhood sexual abuse in relation to neurobiological challenge tests in patients with borderline personality disorder and normal controls..................................................................................................30 . Startle response in inpatients with borderline personality disorder vs. healthy controls............................30 . Salivary cortisol and aggression in a population−based longitudinal study of adolescent males. .............31 . Psychiatric risk factors for motor vehicle fatalities in young men...............................................................31 ECHR 2006/7 Case of Wilkinson v. The United Kingdom, 28 February 2006, no. 14659/02 (fourth section)......................................................................................................................................................32 Morphological basis for the spectrum of clinical deficits in spinocerebellar ataxia 17 (SCA17).................32 Combined treatment of major depression in patients with borderline personality disorder: a comparison with pharmacotherapy...........................................................................................................33 . (Early termination of vocational rehabilitation for the severe mentally ill). .................................................34 . Forming, switching, and maintaining mental sets among psychopathic offenders during verbal and nonverbal tasks: another look at the left− hemisphere activation hypothesis...........................................35 Preliminary data on an acceptance−based emotion regulation group intervention for deliberate self−harm among women with borderline personality disorder.................................................................35 Fire interest and antisociality as risk factors in the severity and persistence of juvenile firesetting...........36 Child−therapist and parent−therapist alliance and therapeutic change in the treatment of children referred for oppositional, aggressive, and antisocial behavior..................................................................36 Hierarchical relationships between borderline, schizotypal, avoidant and obsessive−compulsive personality disorders.................................................................................................................................37 Antisocial behaviors moderate the deviant peer pathway to substance use in children with ADHD..........38 Evaluation of premorbid personality factors and pre−event posttraumatic stress symptoms in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms associated with a bus explosion in Israel......................39 Dissociation: An insufficiently recognized major feature of complex posttraumatic stress disorder. .........39 . Disorders of extreme stress: The empirical foundation of a complex adaptation to trauma. .....................40 . Prediction of numbing and effortful avoidance in female rape survivors with chronic PTSD.....................40 . The treatment of psychopaths....................................................................................................................41 Development of chest pain in Munchausen's syndrome............................................................................41 Significance of sex chromosome derived heterochromatin in mammals...................................................41 . UNPROSECUTED MENTALLY ABNORMAL OFFENDERS.....................................................................42 A FIVE−YEAR FOLLOW−UP OF 100 NEUROTIC OUT−PATIENTS........................................................42 Addiction to glue sniffing............................................................................................................................42 (Delusional elaboration of the disease experience in a patient with multiple sclerosis).............................43 (Aspects of personality and social position in a group of mental deficient children)..................................43 . (Observations on the personality of minors with antisocial development). ................................................43 . (On nocturnal enuresis. Clinical, electroencephalographic and therapeutic study). ..................................44 . Severe (psychopathic) personality disorder: a review................................................................................44 A dual process model of perfectionism based on reinforcement theory. ...................................................45 . (Can neurological soft signs (NSS) contribute to the prediction of dangerousness in mentally disordered offenders?)..............................................................................................................................45 (Neurobiological determinism: questionable inferences on human freedom of choice and forensic criminal responsibility)...............................................................................................................................46 Injectable atypical antipsychotics for agitation in borderline personality disorder......................................47 Aripiprazole pharmacotherapy of borderline personality disorder..............................................................47 P300 amplitude as an indicator of externalizing in adolescent males........................................................47 Young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy: patient characteristics and therapy outcome..................48

...............................................60 Schizotypy and sustained attention: confirming evidence from an adult community sample.........................50 Self−poisoning........58 ....................................................................................................49 ............................58 Depressive symptoms over time in women partners of men with and without alcohol problems..........................................57 (Character perversions)...... I........................... antisocial........... specialists say........52 Borderline personality disorder...... depression and a history of childhood abuse.....55 ............54 Personality disorder a possibility in problem patients.....64 ..................................................................................61 Development of personality disorder symptoms and the risk for partner violence.....................................................................................50 (Glucose abnormalities in a 14−year old patient treated with a second generation antipsychotic).............................62 Brain potentials implicate temporal lobe abnormalities in criminal psychopaths............................... ...........60 Developmental trajectories of co−occurring depressive..............................58 (Apropos of various psychotherapies of character neuroses).............55 ........... .................57 (Normality or pseudonormality.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................59 Impaired reversal but intact acquisition: probabilistic response reversal deficits in adult individuals with psychopathy............................................................................. Dialectical behavior therapy for clients with HIV........................................................................................... limits).......................................................................................59 .............................................................. Economics and pathogenesis)............................. borders...............52 .56 Fluoxetine 40−60 mg versus fluoxetine 20 mg in the treatment of children and adolescents with a less−than−complete response to nine− week treatment with fluoxetine 10−20 mg: a pilot study.................................................49 Psychiatric referrals from courts and prisons............................................ Pathological lying revisited.................... Antisocial personality disorder in Turkish substance dependent patients and its relationship with anxiety.................................................................51 (Boundaries....................................................... .......................... Amygdala volume and depressive symptoms in patients with borderline personality disorder.............................................................................................................................................................63 ................................... (Behavior and cognitive therapies focused on The Young Personality Disorders Schemas: a pilot study of 14 cases). eating................. and emotion............................................ .................................62 Schizotypy facets....... and substance abuse problems in female adolescents.......................................................................................53 Sadistic personality disorder and comorbid mental illness in adolescent psychiatric inpatients................................................................................................................................. Search Strategy..........................................63 ...................................................... cognitive control...........53 ................... (Preambles to the interpretation−surprise)........... Emotion at the expense of cognition: psychopathic individuals outperform controls on an operant response task........... ....................56 (Fetishism and exhibitionism in women and their relations with psychopathy and kleptomania)........... ........................................Table of Contents DataStar Documents Progress in the treatment of borderline personality disorder.................51 High prognostic specificity of antisocial personality disorder in patients with drug dependence: results from a five−year follow−up... Teaching medical students about personality disorders and psychotherapeutic principles: a resident pilot initiative.................................................................

vol. USA. especially psychosis. Author affiliation Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation. At initial assessment. Source Schizophrenia bulletin. p. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. Jul 2006 (epub: 12 Apr 2006) . Abstract Cognitive deficits have been documented in schizophrenia and spectrum disorders. and symptoms were measured using the Structured Interview for Prodromal Symptoms (SIPS). Walker−Elaine. 7. Participants are 89 adolescents recruited for a study of youth at risk for Axis I disorders. Bethesda MD. Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 16611879 Medline 20061019. Agency: NIMH.malmgren−olsson @physiother. Publication year 2006. eva−britt. Acronym: MH. USA) Temperament and character personality dimensions in patients with nonspecific musculoskeletal disorders. 3. 32. 22. At intake. Emory University. The findings reported here are consistent with previous reports of limited cognitive deficits in adolescents with SPD. This study examines cognitive functioning and its relation to symptoms in adolescents with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) . cognitive functioning was measured using subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scales and Wechsler Memory Scales (WMS). Grant ID: R01 MH4062066. Sep 2006. Language English. vol. p. The SPD group scored significantly below the NC group on the Arithmetic subtest of the Wechsler Intelligence Scales.umu. Author(s) Trotman−Hanan. At the time of this report. 489−97. {Schizophr−Bull}. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. McMillan−Amanda. and 17 did not currently meet criteria for any DSM−IV disorder (normal control−NC). Bergdahl−Jan. Accession number & update 16926578 Medline 20061018. Source The Clinical journal of pain. Poorer performance on the Wechsler Intelligence Scales was associated with greater severity of negative and disorganized symptoms. {Clin−J−Pain}. Umeå University. Abstract 1 . The associations between symptoms and cognitive scores parallel those observed in adults with schizophrenia and spectrum disorder. S−901 87 Umeå. 34 met criteria for SPD.DataStar Documents Cognitive function and symptoms in adolescents with schizotypal personality disorder. 625−31. with the most marked deficits in mental arithmetic.se. no. 38 for another Axis II disorder and/or conduct disorder (Other disorder−OD). Author(s) Malmgren−Olsson−Eva−Britt. ISSN: 0749−8047. and they are consistent with the notion that negative symptoms are more stable and partially reflect premorbid cognitive functions. Deficits on the WMS were linked with more severe disorganized symptoms. no. 50 were readministered the SIPS at 1−year follow−up (T2). Sweden. Physiotherapy. but there was only limited evidence of group differences on the WMS. ISSN: 0586−7614.

courts: extent and appropriateness. 4. 493−507. Bethesda MD. Abstract We examine the application of Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL−R) assessed psychopathy in U. Bethesda MD. This is probably a salient characteristic of patients with chronic pain. Author affiliation United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Walsh−Zach. Publication year 2006. through the end of 2004. the Symptom Check List.DataStar Documents OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate temperament and character dimensions in a group of patients with nonspecific musculoskeletal disorders and to show how personality is related to pain and psychologic distress in pain patients. Publication year 2006. {Law−Hum−Behav}. METHOD: A total of 78 patients with musculoskeletal disorders were compared with a matched control group of 118 nonpatients. Author(s) Walsh−Tiffany. and struggle with identity. CONCLUSIONS: The results underline the importance of using instruments assessing personality and psychologic symptoms in patients with nonspecific musculoskeletal disorders both as diagnostic tools and in treatment planning. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Language English. Illinois. they can be described as having difficulties in accepting responsibility. The results also showed that personality dimensions had a stronger correlation to psychologic distress than to pain. insecure. and pessimistic. which indicate that patients with nonspecific musculoskeletal pain disorders can be characterized as being cautious. Accession number & update 16874464 Medline 20061018. USA. p. Our review of the Westlaw legal database indicates that the evidentiary introduction of PCL−R assessed psychopathy extends across state and federal jurisdictions. and the Multidimensional Pain Inventory were used. lack of long−term goals. Aug 2006. RESULTS: The pain patients differed significantly from the controls and exhibited a personality profile with high harm avoidance and low self−directness. at least with regard to European American male offenders. Chicago. 30. PCL−R assessments may not meet relevant evidentiary standards with regard to the prediction of institutional violence and violence among females. and has increased considerably in recent years. no. vol. and consider the PCL−R in light of relevant evidentiary standards and the empirical support for the construct of psychopathy. However. In addition. In most contexts the PCL−R was considered with regard to the prediction of violence in the community. courts from the time of the introduction of the PCL−R in 1991. adolescents and ethnic minorities. USA) The evidentiary introduction of Psychopathy Checklist−Revised assessed psychopathy in U. Language English.S. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. The result indicated that harm avoidance probably is an important personality trait in anxiety states. chronically low self−esteem. USA) 2 . Source Law and human behavior.S. The Temperament and Character Inventory. We identify nine contexts in which PCL−R evidence has been introduced and examine the appropriateness of such introduction. and in such context the introduction of PCL−R scores appears appropriate. ISSN: 0147−7307.

Language English. Author(s) Langton−Calvin−M. R. p. Abstract This study examined the relationship between recidivism and ratings of response to specialized cognitive behavioral treatment conducted in a prison setting among 418 sex offenders released to the community for an average follow−up period of over 5 years. p. 18. and recidivism were examined in 156 federally incarcerated sex offenders in a 10−year follow−up study. Source Sexual abuse : a journal of research and treatment. sexual deviance. calvin.ca. Saskatchewan. Wong−Stephen−C−P. Publication year 2006. ISSN: 1079−0632. Factor 1 scores were approximately the same in all groups. {Sex−Abuse}. England. ISSN: 1079−0632. 1. there was no significant interaction between psychopathy and treatment ratings. Accession number & update 16763759 Medline 20061018. and recidivism among sex offenders. psychopathy was not significant as a main effect.langton@utoronto. the ubiquitous effect of psychopathy on recidivism was found to be significant. 18. the potential role of psychopathy assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist−−Revised (PCL−R) as a moderator of response to treatment was investigated. and Peaks Unit. sexual deviance. Young Offender Team.ca. Author affiliation Mental Health and Addiction Services. was a stronger predictor of sexual recidivism than psychopathy but the two interacted significantly suggesting that psychopathy could potentiate sexual recidivism. D.DataStar Documents Psychopathy. As well as testing for a main effect for treatment ratings. Sexual deviance. 2003). vol. sexual deviance was inversely related. however. Nottingham. Nottinghamshire Healthcare Trust. Bethesda MD. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. vol. Rampton Hospital. 65−82. Accession number & update 16598661 Medline 20061018. For the more inclusive outcome of serious recidivism. The rapists and mixed offenders demonstrated higher psychopathy scores than did the child molesters and incest offenders (total scores and Factor 2 scores on the Psychopathy Checklist−−Revised (PCL−R). mark. 99−120. so rated. The PCL−R was a weak predictor of sexual recidivism but consistently predicted nonsexual violent recidivism and general recidivism (mainly via Factor 2). Canada. Ratings of response to treatment failed to predict either serious (violent including sexual) or sexual recidivism. Harkins−Leigh. no. no.olver@saskatoonhealthregion. Sexual deviance measured by a structured rating scheme predicted sexual recidivism. but a significant interaction between psychopathy and 3 . sexual deviance. Jan 2006. Barbaree−Howard−E. Hare. and nonsexual recidivism. Jan 2006. Author affiliation University of Nottingham. Source Sexual abuse : a journal of research and treatment. {Sex−Abuse}. Saskatoon. 1. Abstract The relationships between psychopathy. Nottinghamshire. For sexual recidivism. sex offender type. England. Author(s) Olver−Mark−E. USA) Sex offenders' response to treatment and its association with recidivism as a function of psychopathy. Although psychopathy was a strong positive predictor of general nonsexual recidivism. Peacock−Edward−J. and no interaction was observed between psychopathy.

medpsych@uibk. Source The Journal of law medicine & ethics : a journal of the American Society of Law Medicine & Ethics. Heuft−Gereon. 2. The conflict levels range from conflict tension to neurotic conflicts to conflict schemata in structural disturbances. {Z− Psychosom−Med−Psychother}.at.ac. ISSN: 1073−1105. 4 . 23−38. Bethesda MD. Publication year 2006. those with ratings reflecting a more negative response to treatment recidivated sexually at a faster rate than others. Bethesda MD. Medizinische Universität Innsbruck. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Although a majority of psychodynamic−psychoanalytic researchers and practitioners address the issue of psychic structure. Among sex offenders with PCL−R scores of 25 or higher. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. reevaluation of the nature of a neurotic conflict system and its relation to psychic structure is necessary. This interaction effect was not significant when treatment noncompleters were removed from the data set. Burgmer−Markus. Dahlbender−Reiner. p. 1. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Language English. ISSN: 1438−3608. University of Colorado. RESULTS: A comprehensive conflict system is presented in the context of operative psychodynamic diagnostics (OPD−2). USA) (Neurotic conflict systematics−−the fundamentals of conflict diagnostics (OPD−2)). 34. {J−Law−Med−Ethics}. no. Mans−Elmar. 52. based on findings confirmed thus far. Accession number & update 16740229 Medline 20061016. Author affiliation Universitätsklinik für Medizinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie.DataStar Documents treatment ratings was found. The results were discussed in terms of the methodology involved in the assessment of response to treatment among sex offenders. Author(s) Schüssler−Gerhard. Source Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie. Accession number & update 16789955 Medline 20061016. no. 342−51. Gottesman−Irving−I. Neurotische Konfliktsystematik−−Grundlagen der Konfliktdiagnostik (OPD−2). 2006. USA) Genes and antisocial behavior: perceived versus real threats to jurisprudence. Language English. Publication year 2006. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. vol. Language German. Title in original lang. p. USA. vol. Author(s) Carey−Gregory. Schneider−Gundrun. Summer 2006.

3. Publication year 2006. 57. Institute of Psychiatry. risk to self. In multiple regression analyses. ISSN: 1075−2730. Bethesda MD. no. risk to others. sexual expression. The presence of a personality disorder was associated with greater unmet need. USA) Self−stigma. 57. vol. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. psychological distress. and budgeting. METHODS: A total of 153 psychiatric inpatients from four acute hospital wards serving an inner−city borough in London. London SE5 8AF. United Kingdom. no. Language English. psychotic symptoms. 5 . 399−402.C. vol. The authors tested the hypothesis that the presence of a personality disorder would be independently associated with a significantly greater number of unmet needs. USA) Personality disorders and unmet needs among psychiatric inpatients. after adjustment was made for the effects of all covariates. Mar 2006. p. United Kingdom. Author affiliation Health Services Research Department. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.DataStar Documents Publication year 2006. CONCLUSIONS: Personality disorder was found to be independently associated with a greater level of unmet need among psychiatric inpatients. {Psychiatr−Serv}. Author(s) Hayward−Marianne. Moran−Paul−Anthony. and perceived legitimacy of discrimination among women with mental illness. alcohol use. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. {Psychiatr−Serv}. severity of personality disorder was significantly associated with unmet need. ISSN: 1075−2730.C. Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the association between unmet need and personality disorders in a sample of psychiatric inpatients. Slade−Mike.). (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16525000 Medline 20061016. p.). Personality disorder was significantly associated with greater need in eight of 22 domains of need: self− care. RESULTS: Fifty−four percent of the sample had a personality disorder. received standardized assessments of need and personality disorder by use of the Camberwell Assessment of Need Short Assessment Schedule and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM−IV Personality Disorders. 538−43. Apr 2006. 4. Bethesda MD. The study highlights for the first time the importance of a comprehensive assessment of need for patients with personality disorders. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16603750 Medline 20061016. De Crespigny Park. empowerment.

New York State Psychiatric Institute. {Psychiatr−Serv}.DataStar Documents Author(s) Rüsch−Nicolas. Acronym: MH. Author affiliation Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy. little sense of identification with the group of people with mental illness. longitudinal study design was used to measure treatment use for 633 individuals aged 18 to 45 years during a three−year period. Furthermore. USA) Prospective assessment of treatment use by patients with personality disorders. 1051 Riverside Drive. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16452705 Medline 20061016. Publication year 2006. Corrigan−Patrick−W. or obsessive−compulsive personality disorders compared with patients with major depressive disorder and no personality disorder. The authors hypothesized that a high level of perceived discrimination. University of Freiburg. benderd@pi. 57. ISSN: 1075−2730.). New York. Lieb−Klaus. whereas individual psychotherapy attendance declined significantly after one year. Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study examined the utilization of mental health treatments over a three−year period among patients with schizotypal.uni−freiburg. McGlashan−Thomas−H.C. Author affiliation Department of Psychiatry. Identification with the group of people with mental illness did not predict self−esteem or empowerment.edu. vol. many questions remain about the adequacy of the treatment received by all patients with personality disorders. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH−50838. borderline. Acronym: MH. METHODS: Sixty women with borderline personality disorder and 30 women with social phobia. p. 254−7. Author(s) Bender−Donna−S. avoidant. METHODS: A prospective. Grilo− Carlos−M. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Bethesda MD. Skodol−Andrew−E. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. Yen− Shirley. completed stigma−related questionnaires.columbia. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH−50839. nicolas_ruesch@psyallg. Zanarini−Mary−C. Abstract OBJECTIVE: The study sought to better understand why some people with mental illness self−stigmatize and develop low self−esteem while others remain indifferent to stigma or respond with a sense of empowerment. Grant ID: MH−50837. CONCLUSIONS: Perceived legitimacy of discrimination may be a crucial determinant of a person's response to stigma. USA.cpmc.ukl. Gunderson−John−G. Bohus−Martin. 2. CONCLUSIONS: Although our data showed that patients with borderline personality disorder used more mental health services than those with major depressive disorder. Sanislow−Charles−A. 6 . RESULTS: Patients with borderline personality disorder were significantly more likely than those with major depressive disorder to use most types of treatment. Language English.de. who were recruited at three centers in Germany and Switzerland. all patients continued using high−intensity. New York 10032. and a high level of perceived legitimacy of discrimination lead to self−stigma. Pagano−Maria−E. Germany. Feb 2006. low−duration treatments throughout the study period. Shea−M−Tracie. Dyck−Ingrid−R. a low level of perceived discrimination and of the legitimacy of discrimination predicted high self−esteem and high empowerment. RESULTS: After depression and index diagnosis were controlled for. no.

Bethesda MD. Significant reductions were found in restraint. Jan 2006 (epub: 22 Nov 2005). 179−81. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16452694 Medline 20061016.edu. Gunel−Erdogan. Language English. This study compared mean annual outcome rates for the 27 patients who were consecutively enrolled in the relationship management therapy program from 1998 to 2000. 57. constant nursing observation. Abstract 7 .wvu. ISSN: 1060−0280.). USA. 1. Publication year 2006. Moeller−Karen−E. 2. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH−50850. no. 40. These results fill a gap in the literature about a treatment model that one day could be considered a best practice. Fullen−Jennifer−E. Source The Annals of pharmacotherapy. Author(s) Makela−Eugene−H. St. {Psychiatr−Serv}. self−harm incidents. Toronto. 49−52. WV 26506−9520. Agency: NIMH. Canada. USA) Medication utilization patterns and methods of suicidality in borderline personality disorder. Acronym: MH. Morgantown. West Virginia University. gmakela@hsc. p. The model requires that patients who engage in or threaten self−harm or aggressive behavior are discharged from the inpatient part of the program for 24 hours. Author(s) Hoch−Jeffrey−S. no. Author affiliation School of Pharmacy. ISSN: 1075−2730. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Ontario. Language English. USA) Relationship management therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder. jeffrey. Acronym: MH.ca. Publication year 2006. Bethesda MD. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. Accession number & update 16303987 Medline 20061016. and inpatient days. p. vol. {Ann−Pharmacother}. O−Reilly−Richard−L. Michael's Hospital. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH−50840.C. Abstract Relationship management therapy allows patients to choose their own treatment.hoch@utoronto. vol. Author affiliation Centre for Research on Inner City Health. Carscadden−Judith. Feb 2006.DataStar Documents Acronym: MH.

1622−3. The mean number of Axis III discharge diagnoses in the control group upon discharge was significantly less than that in the study group. and self−image.DataStar Documents BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by suicidal thoughts/attempts and instability of mood. interpersonal relationships. The study examined the medication utilization patterns and methods of suicidality displayed over a one−year period for 29 patients hospitalized with BPD versus 29 patients in a control group. This issue of control may also be exhibited in their manner of self−medication. Bethesda MD. vol. no. Approximately 25% of patients with BPD considered overdosage as a means to end their life. retrospective. {Psychiatr−Serv}. Publication year 2005. Language English. clinicians should closely monitor the use of all medications. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Dec 2005. Patients with BPD engage in manipulative acts in apparent attempts to exert control in their interpersonal relationships. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16148335 Medline 20061016. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups with respect to overdose and cutting methods of suicidality. and total drugs on admission and discharge was significantly greater for patients with BPD compared with patients in the control group. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. USA) An emergency department's response to a patient's threat to kill the president. Source 8 . chart review study was conducted at an academic medical center psychiatric hospital. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16339634 Medline 20061016. Author(s) Dike−Charles−C. ISSN: 1075−2730. CONCLUSIONS: As patients with BPD receive more medications than patients without the disorder and often exhibit suicidal thoughts/attempts. METHODS: A randomized. non− psychotropic. Bethesda MD. Comment Comment on: Psychiatr Serv. 56. 2005 Aug. p. 56(8):1017−20. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D.). OBJECTIVE: To examine the medication utilization patterns of patients with BPD versus patients without personality disorders in a control group and to compare methods of suicidality between the groups. 12. Publication year 2006. USA) Assessment of the burden of disease among inpatients in specialized units that provide psychotherapy. Language English. RESULTS: The number of psychotropic.C.

Timman−Reinier. 8. ISSN: 1075−2730. 1021. Language English.O. USA) Assessment and management of patients who make threats against the president in the psychiatric emergency service. Patients completed the EuroQol EQ−5D.59 to 1.C. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16088022 Medline 20061016.58) or rheumatic disease (.DataStar Documents Psychiatric services (Washington D. Abstract General note: KIE Bib: confidentiality/mental health. Connecticut 06519. Publication year 2005. Author affiliation Law and Psychiatry Division of the Connecticut Mental Health Center. {Psychiatr−Serv}. djora. 34 Park Street. p. USA) Physicians should not be agents of the police. USA. Netherlands. {Psychiatr−Serv}. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 9 . 1153−5. Box 7. Sep 2005. Publication year 2005. no.00. with higher scores indicating fewer problems). P. This score reflects a burden of disease comparable with the burden in severe illnesses. Language English. p. Verheul−Roel.nl. Author affiliation Viersprong Institute for Studies on Personality Disorders. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Busschbach−Jan−J−V. Abstract The burden of disease of 1. Bethesda MD.).soeteman@deviersprong. a generic quality− of−life questionnaire.). (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 9. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. no. howard. Aug 2005. Author(s) Zonana−Howard.edu. The mean EQ−5D index score was . vol. 4660 AA Halsteren. New Haven.54 (possible scores range from −. vol.53).C. Bethesda MD. such as Parkinson's disease (. ISSN: 1075−2730. 56. Author(s) Soeteman−Djøra−I. 56.zonana @yale.651 inpatients in the Netherlands who had complex personality problems and personality disorders and who were treated in specialized units that provide psychotherapy was compared with the burden of disease of patients with other mental and physical conditions. Trijsburg−Rutger−W.

Budur−Kumar. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16020827 Medline 20061016. Jul 2005.). 56. Williams−Adedapo. O−Donnell−John. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16020825 Medline 20061016.C. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Lewis−Roya. 7. ISSN: 1075−2730. 2005 Apr. ISSN: 1075−2730. no. 1017−20. Author affiliation Psychiatry Department of Temple University. 7. {Psychiatr−Serv}. Dubin−William−R. Language English. p.edu. no. {Psychiatr−Serv}. Author(s) Zitek−Brook. 56. author reply 874. Publication year 2005. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Jul 2005. Comment Comment in: Psychiatr Serv. Bethesda MD. {Psychiatr−Serv}. 10 . 2005 Dec. Language English. Oladini−Olakunle. USA) Dangerous people with severe personality disorders.C. USA. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. USA) Dangerous people with severe personality disorders. vol. ISSN: 1075−2730. Bethesda MD. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. 873−4. Aug 2005. 8. 56(4):397−9. p. Mathews−Manu. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. 2005 Nov. bzitek @temple. 56(11):1373.).DataStar Documents 16088021 Medline 20061016. vol. 56. Philadelphia. Author(s) Mathews−Maju. Publication year 2005. Language English. p. 56(12):1622−3 Erratum in: Psychiatr Serv. Author(s) Adetunji−Babatunde. no. Comment Comment on: Psychiatr Serv. 872−3.C. vol.).

{Z− Psychosom−Med−Psychother}. RESULTS: In concordance with treatment concepts.de. Publication year 2005. Publication year 2005. 755−6. METHODS: Consecutive patients of the Giessen University Clinic for Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy. Author(s) Biancosino−Bruno. 2005 Apr. Source Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie. USA) (Short−term and long−term inpatient psychotherapy −− indications. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D.uni−mainz. who were treated during a two−year period in both short− and long−term treatment settings. no. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 15939961 Medline 20061016. 51. 56. {Psychiatr−Serv}. ISSN: 1438−3608. Bau 920. Gieler−Uwe. were studied prospectively (N = 166. Ergebnisse.C. Author affiliation Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy. Beutel @psychosomatik. p. 8. Standardized questionnaires were applied for distress (SCL−90 R). Comment Comment on: Psychiatr Serv. 56(4):397−9. patients in long−term treatment suffered more frequently from chronic 11 . Abstract OBJECTIVES: This study investigated differences between patients in both short−term and long−term inpatient psychotherapy. Brosig−Burkhard. Prädiktoren. were more highly distressed and better occupationally integrated. Author(s) Beutel−Manfred−E. Bethesda MD. Barbui−Corrado. Jun 2005. ISSN: 1075−2730. 2004 Jan. Stationäre Kurz− und Langzeitpsychotherapie −− Indikationen. Milch−Wolfgang−E. 55(1):77−9. Results for both settings as well as predictors of treatment outcomes were determined. Grassi−Luigi. Untere Zahlbacher Str.). D−55131 Mainz. vol. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. no. Hoeflich−Anke. patients in short−term psychotherapy had a more acute onset of symptoms. physical complaints (GBB 24) and interpersonal problems (IIP−D) as well as for object relationships (IPO). 2. Germany. Accession number & update 15931599 Medline 20061016. return−rate 70 %).klinik.DataStar Documents Comment Comment on: Psychiatr Serv. predictors). (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. p. Kurth−Regina. Title in original lang. Leweke−Frank. 145−62. USA) The BPRS−E as predictor of length of stay in a residential facility. Language English. Reimer−Christian. Bethesda MD. 6. 2005. vol. results.

Publication year 2005. the Impairment−Score as well as an analysis of the patient's use of psychiatric and inpatient psychotherapeutic care and the medication received. Abstract OBJECTIVES: The following paper presents the results of a post− treatment examination on inpatients with personality disorders who received psychodynamic psychotherapy. Inventory of Interpersonal Problems and Questionnaire of Social Support.05). Machold−Cornelia. Concurring predictors of outcome were more adaptive patterns of object and interpersonal relationships as well as social resources. No differences were seen between the short−term and long− term treatment for utilization of ambulatory psychotherapy after discharge.3 years after the patients were discharged. METHODS: Of a group of 110 patients with personality disorders (ICD−10). 72 patients underwent follow−up examination. Geyer−Michael. 51. USA) 12 . Accession number & update 15931598 Medline 20061016. After being discharged 41% of the patients received outpatient psychotherapy without further psychiatric and inpatient psychotherapeutic care. Treatment success was also examined using the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale. D−04107 Leipzig. The examination was carried out approximately 3. RESULTS: Due to the reduction in general mental stress and interpersonal problems. 13 former patients answered by post. A comprehensive catamnesis was compiled for 59 former patients. the patients showed a positive development. 2. vol. Karl−Tauchnitz−Str. Author affiliation Clinic for Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine. ISSN: 1438−3608. 128−44. University Clinic Leipzig. Bethesda MD. In both treatment settings distress and physical complaints decreased considerably and remained quite stable during follow−up. Germany. Persönlichkeitsstörungen nach stationärer psychodynamischer Psychotherapie. Author(s) Bauer−Christine.DataStar Documents psychosomatic disorders. no. Language German. and the increase in perceived social support. personality disorders and comorbid somatic conditions. Treatment success was evaluated on the basis of the Symptom Checklist 90−R. 25. Source Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. even within one psychosomatic hospital unit. Title in original lang. 2005. allows for differential indication and treatment concepts. Language German. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Publication year 2005. p > 0. Ploettner−Guenter. Bethesda MD. DISCUSSION: The study shows that a differentiation between short− and long−term treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The above results demonstrate that patients with personality disorders benefit from inpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy. {Z− Psychosom−Med−Psychother}. p. These surveys show no significant statistical difference between the data of the subgroups of participants and non− participants of the post−treatment examination at the start and end of therapy (Mann−Whitney−U−Test. USA) (Personality disorders after inpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy).

Publication year 2005. Language German.org. no. p. available research indicates that psychotherapy has substantial effects even in personality disorders. 55 Lake Avenue North. Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. 51. ISSN: 1075−2730. 56(7):872−3 Comment in: Psychiatr Serv. Language English. 2. Comment Comment in: Psychiatr Serv. {Psychiatr−Serv}. vol. 397−9. Apr 2005. and other origins have been developed to treat patients with personality disorders. Germany. Bethesda MD. vol. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 15814525 Medline 20061016. Abstract General note: 12 refs. KIE Bib: involuntary commitment/foreign countries. University of Massachusetts Medical School. most of them dealing with borderline personality disorder. 56.). Title in original lang. Accession number & update 15931597 Medline 20061016. therapeutic recommendations are presented for specific personality disorders. Worcester. author reply 874. {Z− Psychosom−Med−Psychother}.de. USA) Dangerous severe personality disorders: England's experiment in using psychiatry for public protection. Luisenstr. 13 . ISSN: 1438−3608.DataStar Documents (Psychotherapeutic treatment of personality disorders). 2005. appelbap @ummhc. Source Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie.C. D−53604 Bad Honnef. USA. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 2005 Jul. Author(s) Appelbaum−Paul−S. behavioural. 56(7):873−4. Author affiliation Department of Psychiatry. Overall. 3. 2005 Jul. Massachusetts 01655. From a vast literature based on case reports. Abstract Treating patients with personality disorders presents a major challenge due to their maladaptive interpersonal styles which affect the therapeutic relationship. 4. Author(s) Woeller−Wolfgang. However. only a few controlled therapy studies have been carried out to document therapy effectiveness. woeller. p. no. Die psychotherapeutische Behandlung von Persönlichkeitsstörungen.rhein−klinik@johanneswerk. A number of therapeutic approaches using psychodynamic. Tress−Wolfgang. 110−27. Publication year 2005. Author affiliation Hospital for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy.

). 40 were referred elsewhere. Patients were admitted after recent suicidal or parasuicidal behavior. Title in original lang. Guenot−Florence. 87 were admitted. 127 patients (103 women) between the ages of 18 and 52 years were referred to the program. nlichkeitsstörungen. Language English. 71 (82 percent) completed the program and 16 (18 percent) dropped out. USA) Intensive dialectical behavior therapy for outpatients with borderline personality disorder who are in crisis. Of the 87 patients admitted. Lissner−Catherine. 2.mcquillan@hcuge. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.ch. Author affiliation Hôpitaux Universitiares de Genève. The treatment was a three−week intensive version of dialectical behavior therapy consisting of individual therapy sessions. and patients showed statistically significant improvements in depression and hopelessness measures. Author(s) McQuillan−Annabel. annabel. intensive version of dialectical behavior therapy was found to be an effective treatment. du Petit−Bel−Air 2. Ferrero−Francois. and patients were screened with the International Personality Disorder Examination Screening Questionnaire.C. Girard−Michele. CONCLUSIONS: The three−week. and the Social Adaptation Self−Evaluation Scale. an emphasis on skills training provided in groups. 56.DataStar Documents (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Treatment completion was high. no. 1225 Chêne− Bourg. p. 14 . ISSN: 1075−2730. and the most suicidal patients were given priority. the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS). A diagnostic interview was administered. Therapeutische Beziehung und Therapieerfolg bei der stationären Psychotherapie von Persouml. including mindfulness skills. RESULTS: The only significant difference at intake between patients admitted to the program and those referred elsewhere was a slighter higher incidence of antisocial traits in the latter group. Switzerland. Bethesda MD. and team consultation. Ch. Publication year 2005. USA) (Psychotherapeutic relationship and outcome in psychotherapy of personality disorders). Accession number & update 15597284 Medline 20061016. Nicastro−Rosetta. vol. {Psychiatr−Serv}. Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effectiveness of an intensive version of dialectical behavior therapy for patients in an outpatient setting who met criteria for borderline personality disorder and who were in crisis. the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Source Psychiatric services (Washington D. This approach allowed therapists to treat a large number of patients in a short time. Bethesda MD. Feb 2005. and because of a limited number of places. 193−7. Pre− post analysis showed significant improvement in scores on the BDI and BHS. METHODS: Over the two−year study period. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 15703347 Medline 20061016.

Bethesda MD. Bierley. belindagibson@cygnethealth. {Z− Psychosom−Med−Psychother}.de. patients classified individual psychotherapy as the most effective form of therapy. Bahrke−Ulrike. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. no. Author affiliation Cygnet Hospital. vol. Germany. Fikentscher−Erdmuthe. It is suggested that mentalisation−based treatment can greatly improve outcomes for patients. 52−7. Publication year 2006. Martin−Luther− University. 2006 Aug 30−Sep 5. The role of mentalisation in the development of borderline personality disorder is explored. the score for severity of impairment and with questionnaires on the form of therapy for patients and therapists.uk.co. 4. Language German. before focusing on borderline personality disorder. Tom. Test results from patients in the dimensions therapeutic alliance and relationship in the Helping Alliance Questionnaire correlated significantly with the outcome of the therapy after just two weeks. 51. D−06112 Halle/Saale. Language English. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. ISSN: 1438−3608. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16972573 Medline 20061016. Bethesda MD. Abstract This article provides an overview of personality disorders.DataStar Documents Source Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie. Bandemer−Greulich−Ulrike. Author affiliation Department of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine. 50. CONCLUSIONS: The investigation supports a central role of the individual therapeutic relationship for the outcome of therapy in inpatient psychotherapy for personality disorders. 23 refs. Julius−Kühn−Str. {Nurs−Stand}. 20.konzag@medizin. p. USA) Using mentalisation to treat patients with borderline personality disorder. quiz 58. ISSN: 0029−6570. no. Halle−Wittenberg. Author(s) Gibson−B. USA) 15 . Author(s) Konzag−Tom−Alexander. 7. Publication year 2004. Successful patients also favoured group psychotherapy as being particularly effective.uni−halle. p. RESULTS: Independent of the outcome. 2004. METHODS: In a prospective study 254 patients with DSM IV Cluster B and C personality disorders were examined at several intervals in the course of inpatient psychotherapy with the Helping Alliance Questionnaire. Source Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987). 394−405. Bradford. Abstract OBJECTIVES: The study examines the predictive significance we of the quality of the individual therapeutic relationship for outcome in patients with personality disorders who underwent inpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy. vol. unsuccessful patients rated group psychotherapy as poor. the Symptom Check List SCL−90−R. The Helping Alliance Questionnaire is suitable for an effective monitoring of the inpatient therapy process.

Author(s) Goldstein−Risë−B. epidemiologic sample (N = 43. adolescence−onset conduct disorder: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. compared sociodemographic and family history correlates. {J−Nerv−Ment−Dis}. vol. 194. symptom correlates. no. ISSN: 0022−3018. Publication year 2006. and paranoid. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16971818 Medline 20061016. 667−75. animals. Prevalence of each ASPD diagnostic criterion and comorbid lifetime disorder was estimated. ISSN: 0022−3018. but significantly decreased odds for lifetime tobacco dependence. p. USA. Division of Intramural Clinical and Biological Research. and property before age 15. 9. associated with greater lifetime comorbidity for selected Axis I and Axis II disorders. in nonclinical populations. Language English. p. 194. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Childhood−onset respondents were more likely than adolescence−onset respondents to endorse CD criteria involving aggression against persons. based on a nationally representative. and avoidant personality disorders. Source The Journal of nervous and mental disease. vol. Smith−Sharon−M.DataStar Documents Antisocial personality disorder with childhood− vs. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16971815 Medline 20061016. Bethesda. Saha− Tulshi−D. antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) symptom patterns. Logistic regression was used to examine associations of childhood− onset CD with ASPD symptom patterns and comorbid disorders. and to endorse more childhood criteria and lifetime violent behaviors. drug dependence. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Childhood−onset CD appears to identify a more polysymptomatic and violent form of ASPD. generalized anxiety disorder. Grant−Bridget−F. among adults with DSM−IV ASPD who reported onset of conduct disorder (CD) in childhood (<age 10) versus adolescence (> or =age 10). Author(s) 16 . {J−Nerv−Ment−Dis}. Maryland 20892. Author affiliation Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biometry.093. Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. response rate 81%). Bethesda MD. 9. Sep 2006. schizoid. 650−3. Source The Journal of nervous and mental disease. and Axis I and Axis II comorbidity. Ruan−W−June. and treatment utilization in postacute schizophrenia. no. Among the 1422 respondents with ASPD. Childhood−onset respondents displayed significantly elevated odds of lifetime social phobia. Sep 2006. USA) Cluster B and C personality traits. Abstract This study. 447 reported childhood−onset CD.

7570. p. Author(s) Stoolmiller−Mike. less clear is the association of these personality traits with symptoms and service utilization. Two sets of multiple regression analyses using Cluster B and C traits to predict treatment utilization and symptoms revealed that emotional discomfort symptoms were significantly related to level of borderline traits. USA) Modeling heterogeneity in social interaction processes using multilevel survival analysis. Publication year 2006. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. 333. USA. Third Edition. Source BMJ (Clinical research ed. Logansport. 46 participants with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were administered the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory. Abstract 17 . Bethesda MD. and an inventory was taken of medical and psychiatric service utilization. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 17008651 Medline 20061013. Beck−Jennings−Josephine. vol. Wichita State University. Language English. and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. 11. Author affiliation Four County Counseling Center. 30 Sep 2006.org. Jun 2006. Snyder−James. 164−77. Higher levels of negative symptoms were linked with greater avoidant traits. Accession number & update 16784336 Medline 20061013. Lysaker−Paul−H. USA) Better care for Michael Stone might still not have prevented the killings. p. {Psychol−Methods}.DataStar Documents Wickett−Amanda. antisocial. Davis− Louanne. mikes@oslc. Language English. 670. To examine this issue. no. IN. Bethesda MD. Source Psychological methods. Author(s) Dyer−Clare. Publication year 2006. 2. no. ISSN: 1082−989X. Abstract Unusually high levels of Cluster B and C personality traits have been observed in schizophrenia. Essman−William. McIlvried−John. and avoidant traits. Implications for rehabilitation and treatment are discussed. {BMJ}. While these have been linked to poorer function.). ISSN: 1468−5833. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Higher levels of positive symptoms were linked with more avoidant traits and fewer dependent traits. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Service utilization was predicted by borderline. vol.

Gardner & W. More attention has then been directed toward the development of instruments specifically intended to measure the extent and nature of social functioning impairments observed in most psychiatric syndromes. as well as its psychometric characteristics. A. As symptoms and social adjustment sometimes appear relatively independent. Suisse. The higher the scores. CH−1225 Chêne−Bourg. {Encephale}. To revisit the basic methods. Gex−Fabry−M. The authors discuss the limitations of traditional approaches to the analysis of social interaction and demonstrate improvements in the ability to model individual differences now available in existing software. Almost no additional published applications have appeared. Bethesda MD. symptoms scales have been considered as sufficient outcome measures and social functioning improvement expected on the basis of symptoms alleviation. survival or hazard regression analyses were introduced to psychology (W. moreover. un autoquestionnaire mesurant la fréquence et la satisfaction des comportements sociaux d'une population adulte psychiatrique. chemin du Petit−Bel−Air. although such data are commonly collected and the applicable questions are central to many important theoretical perspectives. Griffin & W. 32. Griffin. who to question when assessing. the 18 . no accurate conclusion concerning the patient's social functioning can so be driven on the basis of his clinical symptoms. 1989. Guimon−J. USA) (Validation of the QFS measuring the frequency and satisfaction in social behaviours in psychiatric adult population). 2. what measure of assessment to use and. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study is to present a new instrument.DataStar Documents More than 15 years ago. Many of these instruments are designed to be completed by caregivers or remain time consuming and difficult to use routinely. Author affiliation Département de Psychiatrie. METHODOLOGY: It was designed to be completed in less than 10 minutes and the questions are phrased in a simple and redundant way. vol. Validation du Questionnaire de fonctionnement social (QFS). the QFS. Grant ID: R01 57342. Maercker−A. defined a priori and labelled frequency. in order to limit problems inherent to illiteracy or language comprehension. Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève. Presently. the authors use an example from emotion regulation theory in which the level of child antisocial behavior is hypothesized to be positively associated with the hazard rate of angry emotions and negatively associated with sad. Publication year 2006. Gardner. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. p. fearful emotions in the face of parental negative behavior (scolding). Abstract INTRODUCTION: Although everyone working in routine mental health services recognizes the scientific and ethical importance to ensure that treatments being provided are of highest quality. The QFS is a 16 items self−report instrument that assesses both the frequency of (8 items) and the satisfaction with (8 items) various social behaviours adopted during the 2 weeks period preceding the assessment. satisfaction and global. 1989) as powerful methodological tools for studying real time social interaction processes among dyads. Agency: PHS. there is a need to rely on simple and brief instruments considering patients'perspective about their social adjustment as a function of time. no. It yields three separate indexes of social functioning. 1 Pt 1. 45−59. ISSN: 0013−7006. Language English. Author(s) Zanello−A. W. Accession number & update 16633290 Medline 20061013. Weber−Rouget−B. Source L'Encéphale. Title in original lang. But for many years. initially developed in order to assess social functioning in patients involved in group psychotherapy programs conducted in a specialist mental health setting. Jan−Feb 2006. in clinical practice. social functioning is considered as an important dimension to take into account for treatment planning and outcome measuring. A. there is a clear lack of consensus regarding what outcome domains to include. LITERATURE FINDINGS: Since the fifties.

calculated within a 15 days time interval on a sample of 49 healthy controls. Concerning the level of social functioning. using the Social Adaptation Self−Evaluation Scale (SASS) and the Social Adjustment Scale Self−Report (SAS−SR). Discriminant validity was calculated on healthy controls and patients divided into sub−groups according to their diagnosis. CONCLUSION: The QFS presented here is a brief.001).92.65 to 0.21 to − 0. Acceptance rate was high (>95%).4 on Factor 1 accounting for 30% (unrotated) of the variance.66. Moreover. p<0. 7 out of 8 items had loadings above 0.05) on a sample of 27 out−patients suffering from anxious−depressive disorders questioned before and after 4 months of cognitive behavioural group therapy running on a weekly basis during 16 sessions of 2 hours each . in order to estimate different aspects of patients conditions as well as the quality of the treatment provided. {Curr−Psychiatry−Rep}. the need for assessment in clinical routine. p<0. p<0. 25 with personality disorders and 52 with psychotic disorders) and 281 healthy control subjects. It seems to be a valuable instrument for the monitoring of social functioning in psychiatric patients which. including 176 outpatients (99 with anxious or depressive disorders.4% (unrotaded) of the variance. DISCUSSION: Finally. in the third factor analysis. Concerning the factorial validity of the instrument. The first analysis considered only Frequency items. simple and easy to administer self−rating scale that displays satisfactory psychometric properties.83 (Cronbach alpha). Internal consistency calculated for each index ranged from 0. in order to characterise individual patients or patient subgroups. aged between 18 and 65. p<0. 73−80. Moreover. no. the convergent validity was higher among patients (Spearman rS 0.71 (intraclass correlation coefficient). RESULTS: No significant difference was found between patients and controls according to age or gender distribution.5 on Factor 1 accounting for 30. The convergent validity of the QFS with other measures of social functioning was calculated. all p<0. 15 out of 16 items had loadings above 0.001). The second analysis considered only Satisfaction items. 8.05).The factorial validity of the QFS was measured through 3 separate factor analysis conducted using the data of 457 subjects. vol. Though.71 to 0. In conclusion. When comparing QFS scores with self−rated symptoms severity.38 to − 0. 19 . USA) Psychiatric disturbances after traumatic brain injury: neurobehavioral and personality changes. p. lower levels of social functioning were significantly associated with more severe symptoms according to the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI: rS from − 0. remaining often too complex or time onsuming. ISSN: 1523−3812. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.01) than controls (rS from 0.65.69 to 0. Accession number & update 16513045 Medline 20061013. Bethesda MD.05). 1. all QFS items were included. has contributed to the development of a large variety of instruments measuring several domains. Test−retest reliability. correlation with the SAS−SR was moderate but statistically significant (rS from − 0.49 to 0. Language French. from a therapeutic point of view.6 on Factor 1 explaining 43. In healthy controls. The QFS was administered to 457 subjects. with significantly higher scores in control subjects than in psychiatric patients and significant differences across diagnostic categories (Kruskal−Wallis ANOVA with post−hoc tests.7% (unrotaded) of the variance. the QFS was generally acceptable to the clinicians who used it. these results suggest that all QFS items belong to the same underlying dimension. It showed to be excellent. And finally. to date. may have a clear impact as it sets up expectation of change and allows both to reality test patients and therapists beliefs about the presence of progress or not and to identify if therapy is working on this specific outcome domain. many instruments fail to meet chief criterion of feasibility. 71 refs. Source Current psychiatry reports. all items had loadings above 0. Publication year 2006.44. Feb 2006.DataStar Documents better the social functioning. The QFS indexes demonstrated sensitivity to change (Wilcoxon: all p<0. With the SASS. ranged from 0. the administration of the QFS to other populations and treatment modalities requires further investigation. provisional norms for the QFS are provided for healthy controls. only few of them are available in French.

ON L8N 3Z5. Feb 2006. Velikonja−Diana. behavior. The identification of high−risk individuals with distinct neuropathophysiological and psychosocial features permits the development of multidisciplinary and tailored approaches to the assessment. USA) Current perspectives on conduct disorder. vol. New Orleans. This approach for understanding the development of conduct disorder has important implications for diagnostic classification systems and for designing more effective interventions for youth with conduct disorder. Hamilton Health Sciences. and recognize that there may be different mechanisms operating among individuals with this disorder. USA) 20 . A recent surge of studies has emerged in the past several years to quantify the extent of psychiatric disorders in TBI and to describe differential clinical presentations. p. Abstract Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are frequently accompanied by psychiatric disturbances. Accession number & update 16513044 Medline 20061013.DataStar Documents Author(s) Warriner−Erin−M. pfrick@uno. Publication year 2006. no. USA. we provide a model for understanding these risk factors that use developmental theory to specify how these risk factors can negatively affect normative developmental mechanisms to place a child at risk for acting in an aggressive and antisocial manner. and management of the negative effects of personality and behavioral changes in TBI. In this article. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Bethesda MD. Bethesda MD. 59−72. Dickens−Carrie. {Curr−Psychiatry−Rep}. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. prevention. 1. Source Current psychiatry reports. LA 70148. warriner@hhsc. Author(s) Frick−Paul−J. Room 3G−30. 1200 Main Street West.ca. Language English. Canada. 2001 Geology and Psychology Building. Hamilton. which can include striking to relatively minor alterations in personality. University of New Orleans. Abstract Conduct disorder refers to a pattern of severe antisocial and aggressive behavior manifested in childhood or adolescence. 129 refs. Language English. and emotional regulation.edu. 8. and this extensive body of research has documented a large number of dispositional and contextual risk factors that can play a role in the etiology of this disorder. Various pre− and post−injury factors also have been hypothesized to contribute to the development and maintenance of psychiatric symptoms in survivors of brain injuries. ISSN: 1523−3812. This psychiatric diagnosis has been one of the most widely studied of all childhood disorders. Publication year 2006. Author affiliation McMaster University Medical Centre. This article summarizes the most recent research in these areas and highlights the gaps that need to be filled in subsequent future. The persistence of these neurobehavioral syndromes often leads to deleterious effects on recovery and rehabilitation outcomes.

In this review. vol. 1. 13−20.S. p. 5841 S. vol. {Zh−Nevrol−Psikhiatr−Im−S−S−Korsakova}. 106. Bethesda MD. Identification of the biological mechanism by which childhood trauma exerts an effect on personality disorder may require modification of the conceptualization of personality disorder. Bethesda MD. preclinical models of early life parental care. 8. 1−4. Publication year 2006. USA) (The variants of personality maladaptation in patients with multiple sclerosis). These include relevant findings from behavioral genetics.com. Feb 2006. Source Current psychiatry reports. ISSN: 1523−3812. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Author(s) Lee−Royce. p. Maryland Avenue. 2006. 121 refs. Author affiliation ROFriedel@aol. 1. and clinical translational studies of personality disorder. 43−52. Source Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S. Accession number & update 16972591 Medline 20061011.edu.uchicago. USA) Early sea changes in borderline personality disorder. Author(s) 21 . Author affiliation The University of Chicago. no. Language English. 8. IL 60613.bsd. no. no. Department of Psychiatry. USA. Publication year 2006. {Curr−Psychiatry−Rep}. Feb 2006. Chicago.DataStar Documents Childhood trauma and personality disorder: toward a biological model. 8. either as a set of categories or dimensions. Language English. vol. empirical literature from several domains is summarized. ISSN: 1523−3812. Source Current psychiatry reports. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Accession number & update 16513034 Medline 20061013. Accession number & update 16513042 Medline 20061013. p. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinsko promyshlennosti Rossisko Federatsii Vserossiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov (i) Vserossiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov. Abstract Cross−sectional and prospective associations of personality disorder with childhood trauma provide an important clue regarding the biological mechanism of personality disorder. rlee@yoda. {Curr−Psychiatry−Rep}. Author(s) Friedel−Robert−O.

no. Presented is classification of personality cognitypes. Personality features in context of its maladaptation were studied using a modified version of MMPI. A cognitive type (cognitype)−−a type of personality−centered cognitive operations that determines the pattern of behavioral cycle and distinctive features of social adaptation−−is singled out as an integrative basic individual and psychological component of personality. 12. ISSN: 1355−6177. {J− Int−Neuropsychol−Soc}. Sep 2006. their adaptive and maladaptive variants. Author(s) Zakharov−N−P. 2006.S. Abstract Thirty−four patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The principles of psychotherapy of maladaptive behavior. The positron emission tomography indices of metabolic brain activity by glucose metabolism rate were concurrently determined. 22 . correlations between cognitypes and anomalies of personality. 4−12. p. Abstract The author suggests a cognitive−analytical concept of personality focusing on cognitively mediated processes of cyclic interaction of different levels of consciousness and subconsciousness represented in the form of emotional−behavioral potential and functional−dynamic system. temporal−parietal and limbic cortical areas with different variants of personality maladaptation and different MMPI personality profiles were obtained. Data on the complementarity of metabolic processes activity in frontal. {Zh−Nevrol−Psikhiatr−Im−S−S−Korsakova}. 106. vol. USA) Impairment of memory organization in patients with schizophrenia or schizotypal disorder. Language Russian. 8. age−at−disease−onset 24. USA) (Comparative assessment of cognitive styles forming personal behavior in health and borderline personality disorder). Source Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.7. aged 14−52 years.DataStar Documents Reznikova−T−N. p. 27−−in remission.6 +/− 1. Publication year 2006. Seven patients were at the exacerbation stage. Bethesda MD. Source Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS. Bethesda MD. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. vol. have been studied. Disease severity score measured with the Kurtzke scale (EDSS) was 3. Publication year 2006. 750−4. Accession number & update 16972590 Medline 20061011. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Terent−eva−I−Iu.3 +/− 7. 5.5 years. Language Russian. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinsko promyshlennosti Rossisko Federatsii Vserossiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov (i) Vserossiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov. psychotic and mixed types of maladaptation have been singled out. Accession number & update 16961956 Medline 20061011. no. Kataeva−G−V. Neurotic. borderline and addictive disorders (positive reintegration of personality) are substantiated.

serial clustering. 8. Author(s) de−Vreede−I−M. Publication year 2006. ISSN: 0303−7339.DataStar Documents Author(s) Matsui−Mié. With multivariable analyses a simple index of independent predictors was constructed. Source Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie. University of Toyama.76 (95% confidence interval 0. Bethesda MD.u−toyama. Neither patient group showed any effect of learning on their use of semantic organization. 2006. Burger−H. The index comprised age < 65 years. Language Dutch. Japan. METHOD: Fifty−three depressive patients referred for ECT were included. Schizophrenic and schizotypal patients showed similar decrements in semantic organization compared with normal subjects. Title in original lang.ac. Author affiliation Reinier van Arkel groep. van−Vliet−I−M. Author affiliation Department of Neuropsychology and Neuropsychiatry. Abstract BACKGROUND: Little is known about the possibility to predict response to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients with major depression. Accession number & update 16958303 Medline 20061011. {Tijdschr−Psychiatr}. 48. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Kurachi−Masayoshi. CONCLUSION: Response to ECT may be predicted using an index with four patient characteristics.63−0. refractory to antidepressant medication. no. 619−25. psychotic depression. and personality disorder. Language English.89). Kato−Kanade. Voorspelling van de effectiviteit van elektroconvulsietherapie bij een depressieve stoornis met routinematig verzamelde data. mmatsui @las. Toyama 930−0194. and subjective clustering) were calculated from participants' responses on the Japanese Verbal Learning Test. USA) 23 . RESULTS: Thirty−one patients (58%) showed poor response. Publication year 2006. Three indices of memory organization (semantic clustering. p. AIM: To create an indexforthe prediction ofresponse to ECT in an individual patient. School of Medicine.jp. USA) (Prediction of effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy in major depression with routinely collected data). Yuuki−Hiromi. validation of the index in future patients is mandatory. Bethesda MD. 2630 Sugitani. Before implementation. These results suggest that impairment of memory organization is a common characteristic of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. however. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Poor response was defined as a decrease in Hamilton Rating Depression Scale less than 50%. Abstract Verbal learning and the organization of memory in patients with schizophrenia or schizotypal disorder were compared with normal subjects. although both groups recalled more items as the number of trials increased. It discriminated poor response patients reasonably well with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0. vol.

ISSN: 0303−7339. by impairing the function of prefrontal cortex during adolescence. but its use is no longer permitted. Author affiliation Peaks Academic & Reseach Unit. 4. which is a Dutch shortened version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Het meten van persoonlijkheidseigenschappen: een vergelijking van de TCI met de NVM. The latter. USA) How is personality disorder linked to dangerousness? A putative role for early−onset alcohol abuse. Universitair Medisch Centrum Groningen. ISSN: 0306−9877. AIM: To find out whether the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) can serve as an alternative to the NVM. Publication year 2006. most importantly. p. Source Medical hypotheses. vol. Unique combinations of the TCI scales were found to predict the various NVM scales. no. RESULTS: Statistically significant correlations were found between the various scales of the NVM and the TCI. Accession number & update 16766134 Medline 20061006. Author affiliation Dagziekenhuis. CONCLUSION: It is worth considering the TCI as an alternative to the NVM. Title in original lang. Source Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie. Meesters−Y. 2006. together with its implications. that measures to prevent serious antisocial behaviour in adulthood should target at−risk individuals prior to their commencing heavy drinking during adolescence. Abstract This paper questions the assumption that personality disorder and dangerousness are causally linked. Some testable predictions from the hypothesis are presented. 2006. 67. Bethesda MD. van−Velzen−C−J−M. and (iii) life−course persistent offenders. Language Dutch. Language 24 .DataStar Documents (A comparative study of two methods of personality assessment. METHOD: A study has compared the NVM questionnaire to the TCI. Evidence is adduced in support of the hypothesis from the literature on: (i) the comorbidity of personality disorder and alcohol abuse. p. the TCI and the NVM (Dutch shortened version of the MMPI)). Correlation analyses were performed. Accession number & update 16956002 Medline 20061011. Author(s) Bosscha−M−A. 435−44. no. {Tijdschr−Psychiatr}. Abstract BACKGROUND: Various types of reliable instruments are available for measuring personality dimensions. Afdeling Psychiatrie. Rampton Hospital. which is a personality questionnaire designed from a more psychiatric perspective. putatively leads to deficits in goal−directed behaviour and emotional self−regulation that place the individual at high risk of becoming chronically antisocial in adulthood. {Med−Hypotheses}. and suggests that insofar as a relationship between them exists. (ii) frontal lobe deficits in psychopaths. it is mediated by early−onset alcohol abuse. Retford. a critical period of its development. 6. UK. One of these instruments is the NVM. 702−08. vol. Author(s) Howard−Rick. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. The two types of questionnaire were completed by 91 psychiatric (out)patients. 48.

no. Publication year 2006. vol. and adulthood (19 years or older. 414−42. Sunnybrook and Women's Health Sciences Centre. adolescence (13−18 years old. 9. p. Source Cognition. Drug use disorders were more prevalent among childhood−onset and adolescent− onset. Canada M4N 3M5. USA) Further evidence for a developmental subtype of bipolar disorder defined by age at onset: results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. 101. N=339). Publication year 2006. ISSN: 0002−953X. Ontario. RESULTS: Nonremitting bipolar disorder was most prevalent among childhood−onset subjects. Levitt−Anthony−J. USA) The emergence of psychopathy: implications for the neuropsychological approach to developmental disorders. and childhood−onset subjects were most likely to experience prolonged episodes. {Cognition}. Source The American journal of psychiatry. CONCLUSIONS: Findings corroborate clinical studies: illness characteristics among adults with childhood−onset bipolar disorder are similar to those described in children with bipolar disorder. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Antisocial personality disorder was most prevalent among childhood−onset subjects. ISSN: 0010−0277.DataStar Documents English. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16946191 Medline 20061006. Sep 2006. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. vol. Toronto. N=113). Bethesda MD. Author affiliation Department of Psychiatry. Accession number & update 16904094 Medline 20061006. 25 . 184 refs. subjects. Sep 2006 (epub: 10 Aug 2006). p. as compared with adult−onset. Bethesda MD. Language English. Author(s) Blair−R−J−R. N=959). For analyses. {Am−J−Psychiatry}. METHOD: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions identified 1. 2.411 adults with bipolar disorder. bipolar disorder subjects were divided into three age at onset groups: childhood (less than 13 years old. 2075 Bayview Ave.. Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study examines the relationship between age at onset of bipolar I disorder and illness characteristics among adults in a community sample. 1633−6. no. Author(s) Goldstein−Benjamin−I. Prevalence of mixed episodes or irritability did not differ significantly between groups. 163.

{Dev−Psychopathol}. 2. 2. USA. Source Development and psychopathology. I am going to examine the disorder of psychopathy and consider how genetic anomalies could give rise to the relatively specific neuro−cognitive impairments seen in individuals with this disorder. Bethesda MD. However. Indeed.nimh.com. Abstract In this paper. 54(2):397−422. I will argue that these criticisms are less applicable to psychopathy. animal work on the development of the neural systems necessary for emotion. 429−33. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. discussion 457−62. p. Comment Comment on: J Am Psychoanal Assoc. no. 54. vol. 549−68. 17. Language English. Publication year 2006. no.gov <blairj@intra. Spring 2006.nih. an approach that has been recently criticized. Accession number & update 16773815 Medline 20061006. ISSN: 0003−0651. National Institute of Mental Health.nih. environmental effects do not construct this architecture. {J−Am−Psychoanal− Assoc}. Spring 2005.gov>. vol.DataStar Documents Author affiliation Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program. USA) Adolescent Cluster A personality disorder symptoms. Bethesda MD. Importantly. It is noted that this model follows the neuropsychological approach to the study of developmental disorders. caveats to the neuropsychological approach with reference to this disorder are noted.nimh. Author(s) 26 . Source Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. Author affiliation docaig@aol. Language English. such work indicates that while environmental effects can alter the responsiveness of the basic neural architecture mediating emotion. 2006 Spring. individuals with psychopathy do not learn to avoid actions that will harm others. Publication year 2006. does not support a constructivist approach with respect to affect. p. and resolution or persistence of symptoms. I will argue that genetic anomalies in psychopathy reduce the salience of punishment information (perhaps as a function of noradrenergic disturbance). Author(s) Goldberg−Arnold. blairj@intra. USA) A lament about lack: commentary on Wilson. ISSN: 0954−5794. I will argue that the ability of the amygdala to form the stimulus−punishment associations necessary for successful socialization is disrupted and that because of this. Accession number & update 16761558 Medline 20061006. role assumption in the transition to adulthood. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.

a higher proportion (8 out of 10) of infants of borderline mothers were categorized as Disorganized.uk. Lee−Anthony. r. Consequently. but for other developmental outcomes tended to differ for men and women. and a lower proportion of interpersonally directed looks that were positive. in part. Chen−Henian. Author affiliation Unit 47. London. García−Pérez−Rosa. and (c) in play. and subsequently provided detailed narratives about their monthly experiences and behaviors between these two ages. Symptoms were associated with early parenthood and less advanced education. New York. financial. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 17. this symptom pattern may have particularly negative effects on the transition from adolescent to adult roles. 2. Author(s) Hobson−R−Peter. {Dev−Psychopathol}.hobson@ucl. and possible implications for their infants' development. Accession number & update 16761548 Medline 20061006. Abstract Cluster A odd or eccentric personality disorder (PD) symptoms may reflect a schizophrenia spectrum biological vulnerability in at least some persons. and trajectories were related to a change in symptoms over this period. Kasen−Stephanie. in three different settings: a modification of Winnicott's Set Situation in which infants faced an initially unresponsive (still−face) stranger. Crawford−Thomas. Publication year 2005. University College. Crandell−Lisa. Gordon−Kathy. Patrick−Matthew. the Strange Situation of Ainsworth and Wittig. vol. Language English. Author affiliation Tavistock Clinic. USA) Personal relatedness and attachment in infants of mothers with borderline personality disorder. A general population sample of 200 young adults was assessed on Cluster A PD at mean ages 17 and 22. Publication year 27 . and family formation roles during this period. Language English. lower ratings of behavior organization and mood state. Adolescent Cluster A PD was related to the developmental trajectories of residential. toward the stranger the infants of mothers with BPD showed lower levels of availability for positive engagement. the results revealed significant group differences as follows: (a) compared with control infants. ISSN: 0954−5794. who subsequently tried to engage the infant in a game of give and take. Johnson−Jeffrey−G. Grant ID: MH−54161. We also evaluated maternal intrusive insensitivity toward the infants in semistructured play. Spring 2005. mothers with BPD were rated as more intrusively insensitive toward their infants. 329−47. Source Development and psychopathology. The results are discussed in relation to hypotheses concerning the interpersonal relations of women with BPD.ac. USA. p. These gender differences were attributable. Bethesda MD. Acronym: MH.DataStar Documents Cohen−Patricia. Abstract The principal aim of this study was to assess personal relatedness and attachment patterns in 12−month−old infants of mothers with borderline personality disorder (BPD). 1051 Riverside Drive. In relation to a set of a priori predictions. romantic. (b) in the Strange Situation. NY 10032. Agency: NIMH. and a situation in which mothers were requested to teach their infants to play with miniature figures and a toy train. New York State Psychiatric Institute. We videotaped 10 mother−infant dyads with borderline mothers and 22 dyads where the mothers were free from psychopathology. to the differential meaning and consequences of early parenthood for men and women. no. career. UK.

RESULTS: Three−hundred seventy−six treatment−seeking alcohol−dependent subjects.edu. 3. Soyka− Michael. University of Maryland School of Medicine. Accession number & update 16634856 Medline 20061006. were enrolled into the study. Abstract BACKGROUND: Comobidity of personality disorders (PDs) and alcohol dependence are considered to increase the risk for suicidal behavior. Cassady−Shawn−L. Eikmeier−Markus. Accession number & update 16500713 Medline 20061006.umaryland.com. Source Psychiatry research. ISSN: 0145−6008. Barnow−Sven. Personality disorder characteristics were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM−IV Axis II Disorders. Author affiliation Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. 237−45. Publication year 2006. depression episodes. and depression during the most serious attempt. vol. Baltimore. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. MD. 866−77. p. 30 Mar 2006 (epub: 28 Feb 2006) . 30. Bethesda MD. Koller−Gabriele. USA. {Alcohol−Clin−Exp−Res}. {Psychiatry−Res}. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 5. Author(s) Preuss−Ulrich−W. Avila−Mathew. Source Alcoholism clinical and experimental research. ulrich_preuss@hotmail. Subjects with PDs in all clusters reported a higher rate of suicide attempt history. 141. As indicated by univariate and multivarate analysis. Department of Psychiatry. Bethesda MD. May 2006. ISSN: 0165−1781. vol. Author(s) Wonodi−Ikwunga. METHODS: Characteristics of alcohol dependence and suicidal behavior were obtained using the Semi− Structured Assessment on Genetics in Alcoholism (SSAGA). this pattern of suicide attempt characteristics was most pronounced in borderline disordered subjects and alcoholic individuals who live alone. iwonodi @mprc. p. CONCLUSION: Subjects with alcohol dependence who have various comorbid PDs and depression deserve special attention in psychiatric care to prevent suicide. Germany. Author affiliation Department of Psychiatry. USA) Effects of repeated amphetamine administration on antisaccade in schizophrenia spectrum personality. Adami−Helene. Thaker− Gunvant−K. Ludwig−Maximilians Universität München. The aim of this study is to assess the influence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder−fourth edition (DSM−IV) personality characteristics and comorbid axis I disorders on suicidal behavior in alcohol−dependent inpatients. Abstract 28 . no. USA) Suicidal behavior in alcohol−dependent subjects: the role of personality disorders. Language English. no.DataStar Documents 2005. of whom 55% were diagnosed to have a PD and approximately 25% had a history of at least 1 suicide attempt. Psychotherapeutic strategies may have to be adapted to treat this high−risk population.

Source Psychiatry research. USA) 29 . and any mental disorder. Psychiatry Research / 2−126B MEB. donald−black@uiowa.DataStar Documents Repeated amphetamine administration is used to examine the responsivity of cerebral dopaminergic systems. Language English. IA 52242. The lifetime rates of PG and any gambling disorder were significantly greater among the relatives of case probands (8. The SSP group showed a significant reduction in antisaccade latency for right field targets whereas no significant effects were noted in healthy control subjects. Interestingly. USA. and Lucille A. Shaw−Martha. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Temkit−M−Hamed. antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Bethesda MD. and to examine patterns of familial aggregation of psychiatric disorder. ISSN: 0165−1781.3% and 12. Roy J.1% and 3. Abstract The cause of pathological gambling (PG) is unknown. PG relatives also had significantly higher lifetime rates of alcohol disorders. The current study was conducted to determine whether PG is familial. Iowa City. vol. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 31 case probands with DSM−IV PG and 31 control probands were recruited and interviewed regarding their first degree relatives (FDRs). Further research on the heritability of PG is warranted. p. 295−303. Available and willing FDRs were directly interviewed with structured instruments of known reliability. PG families were significantly larger than control families.36 for any gambling disorder). 30 Mar 2006 (epub: 24 Feb 2006) . Findings from this preliminary study suggest SSP may be more receptive to the beneficial effects of repeated amphetamine on cognition than healthy controls. In the current study. Author affiliation Department of Psychiatry. Monahan−Patrick−O. alcohol disorder. Author(s) Black−Donald−W. Carver College of Medicine. Publication year 2006. and any substance use disorder remained significant after a conservative Bonferroni correction. and best estimate final diagnoses were blindly assigned for 193 case and 142 control relatives over age 18 years.5%.edu.4%. Bethesda MD. Language English. USA) A family study of pathological gambling. respectively) (OR=3. dyskinesia and SSP symptoms were less likely to worsen in SSP than in healthy volunteers. We conclude that gambling disorders are familial and co− aggregate with substance misuse. we report the effects of repeated amphetamine on antisaccade task performance. in randomized double−blind fashion at least 1 week apart. any substance use disorder. respectively) than among the control relatives (2. To that end. Any gambling disorder. Analysis of error rate showed no significant main effects of the drug. 141. 3. University of Iowa. Eleven SSP and seven healthy subjects were given placebo once and amphetamine (30 mg) twice. Publication year 2006. There was a significant group by field by drug interaction effect on the antisaccade latency. no. {Psychiatry−Res}. Schizophrenia spectrum personality (SSP) provides a unique opportunity to study the pathophysiology of schizophrenia because of shared neurobiology without the confounding factors of acute psychosis and psychotropic exposure. Accession number & update 16499975 Medline 20061006. Antisaccade eye measurements (error rate and latency) were recorded over 30 trials in each direction. The results were analyzed using logistic regression by the method of generalized estimating equations. The data are also suggestive that PG co−aggregates with ASPD. Previously we noted that on repeated amphetamine administration.

In summary. with and without histories of CSA. vol. These results do not support the hypothesis that CSA is directly related to neurobiological abnormalities in BPD. Vasavan−Nair−N−P. healthy controls. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. ISSN: 0300−9564. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 15666039 Medline 20061006. Paris−Joel. Source Psychiatry research. No differences were found between abused and non−abused patients with BPD. 141. 30 Mar 2006 (epub: 23 Feb 2006) . Author affiliation Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy. Schwartz−George. our data indicate normal response to unconditioned threatening stimuli as well as normal gating capacities in BPD. Source Journal of neural transmission (Vienna Austria : 1996). 30 . Rostock University. USA) Startle response in inpatients with borderline personality disorder vs. Bethesda MD. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 1097−106. Abstract This study examined whether abnormal responses to neurobiological challenge tests in borderline personality disorder (BPD) are related to a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). {Psychiatry−Res}. Publication year 2006. no. In contrast to our hypothesis. no deficit in prepulse inhibition was found in BPD. 40−ms). high levels of anxiety in particular. Author(s) Zweig−Frank−Hallie. 112. Germany. 8. p. Abstract Startle response is found to be enhanced in conditions that are accompanied by intense emotions. our study revealed neither enhanced amplitudes of autonomic and electromyographic startle responses nor differences in habituation compared to healthy controls. We compared patients meeting BPD criteria (n=24). Aug 2005 (epub: 24 Jan 2005). p. vol. no. In addition. We assessed the autonomous and behavioral component of the startle reflex in a sample of 28 unmedicated inpatients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) compared to 28 controls. Ng−Ying−Kin−N−M−K. Amplitudes of electrodermal and startle response as well as habituation were measured in response to 15 bursts of white noise (100−db.DataStar Documents Childhood sexual abuse in relation to neurobiological challenge tests in patients with borderline personality disorder and normal controls. with each prepulse (70−db. 30−msec) delivered 100 ms before the startling tone. Montreal. We assessed prepulse inhibition to study gating capacities in BPD. Language English. pyridostigmine and clonidine. Concordia University. 3. Accession number & update 16497388 Medline 20061006. {J−Neural− Transm}. ISSN: 0165−1781. Québec. Koetting−K. with normal controls (n=12) on the results of challenges with meta− chlorphenylpiperazine (m−CPP). 337−41. Author(s) Herpertz−S−C. Canada. Steiger−Howard.

Nagin−D−S. no. vol. Séguin−J−R. van−Engeland−H. UMCU. In addition. Aug 2005 (epub: 07 Dec 2004). and cortisol was collected at age 13. a measure of stress reactivity. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16483118 Medline 20061005. p. Nov 2005. A population−based sample of boys was followed longitudinally from childhood to adolescence. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Tremblay−R−E. 8. {J−Neural− Transm}. no. Vitaro−F. USA) Salivary cortisol and aggression in a population−based longitudinal study of adolescent males. Author(s) van−Bokhoven−I. reactive aggression was strongly correlated with elevated cortisol. vol. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie. Language English. Van−Goozen−S−H−M. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Publication year 2005. 838−44. Publication year 2005. Bethesda MD. Abstract Chronic antisocial behaviour in youth has been associated with cortisol. p. Furthermore. 50. 1083−96. The present study compared variously defined aggressive subgroups for differences in salivary cortisol. Schaal−B. Source Canadian journal of psychiatry. Utrecht. USA) Psychiatric risk factors for motor vehicle fatalities in young men. ISSN: 0706−7437.DataStar Documents Language English. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 15583952 Medline 20061006. Author(s) 31 . 13. However. 112. Adolescent boys with chronic reactive aggression and those who scored high on aggressive CD symptoms seem to have a more active hypothalamic−pituitary−adrenal system. boys with an aggressive form of CD had higher cortisol levels than boys who showed a covert form of CD. Higher cortisol levels were found in boys with conduct disorder (CD) than in boys without CD. while others have found elevated cortisol levels. Author affiliation Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. ISSN: 0300−9564. {Can− J−Psychiatry}. Arseneault−L. Assessments of different forms of antisocial behaviour were obtained from various informants at several points in time. The Netherlands. some studies have found low cortisol levels. Source Journal of neural transmission (Vienna Austria : 1996). Bethesda MD.

p. Bethesda MD. Finally. 186−90. 1. 32 . vol. Interestingly. University Medical Center Rotterdam. Bethesda MD. {Eur−J−Health−Law}. Accession number & update 16958330 Medline 20061005. Author(s) Dute−Joseph.10) . Drivers under age 25 years appeared to be comparable with control subjects on all measures of psychopathology. RESULTS: Our results suggest that cluster B personality disorders (borderline and (or) antisocial) (OR 3. 28 February 2006. 14659/02 (fourth section). this interaction between cluster B personality disorders and age over 26 years was the only significant predictor of car fatalities (adjusted OR 16. we observed an age effect. 95%CI. Language English. Publication year 2005. Lesage−Alain−D. Comment Comment in: Can J Psychiatry. 1. Author affiliation Université de Montréal.42 to 9. METHOD: A case−control study was carried out comparing 61 young male MVA fatalities in which the subject was the driver with an equal number of living male subjects matched for age (case by case with no more than 1 year's difference between case subjects and control subjects) with the accident group. 13. The Netherlands. 51(7):476. but only a few studies have investigated MVA fatalities.67 to 158. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.54. no.01) and substance use disorders in the last 6 months (OR 4. 2006 Jun. Boyer−Richard. Chawky−Nadia. Publication year 2006. where differences in cluster B personality disorders and substance use disorders in the last 6 months were only significantly more prevalent in case subjects aged 26 years or over.25. Psychiatric disorders have been shown to be risk factors for MVA. The United Kingdom. Jun 2006. 2. Kim−Caroline. USA) ECHR 2006/7 Case of Wilkinson v. 95%CI. 1.38 to 16. Author affiliation Institute of Health Policy and Management. ISSN: 0929−0273. Lalovic−Aleksandra. Source European journal of health law. Language English. 95%CI. Abstract BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle accident (MVA) fatalities are an important cause of death in young men.33. no. Ménard−Buteau−Carole.DataStar Documents Dumais−Alexandre. USA) Morphological basis for the spectrum of clinical deficits in spinocerebellar ataxia 17 (SCA17). CONCLUSION: Borderline and antisocial personality disorders in which impulsive−aggressive behaviours play a central role and substance use disorders appear to be risk factors for young male deaths in MVAs.25) increased the risk of dying in MVAs. Quebec. compared with control subjects of the same age. this effect seems to be specific to MVA case subjects aged 26 years or over. Turecki−Gustavo. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. using structured interviews and psychological autopsies. We assessed both groups. In addition.

Walter−U. 2341−52. Abstract Spinocerebellar ataxia 17 (SCA17) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by cerebellar. the anterior putamen bilaterally. pyramidal and extrapyramidal signs. Nitschke−M−F. Zühlke−C. {Can− J−Psychiatry}. Source Brain : a journal of neurology. probably accounting for the leading psychiatric signs. the thalamus and other parts of the motor network. vol. Gaser−C. extrapyramidal. Most interestingly. the cuneus and cingulum. A total of 12 patients and 12 age− and sex−matched controls were examined by in vivo MRI voxel−based morphometry (VBM). In comparison with normal controls. Italy. Two degeneration patterns were found as follows: regarding motor dysfunction. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie. Language English. Author(s) Bellino−Silvio.DataStar Documents Accession number & update 16760196 Medline 20061005. The pathoanatomical basis of this disorder is still not well known. University of Turin. Recent data show that combined therapy has better results in patients with depression and Axis II codiagnosis. correlations with psychiatric scores revealed grey matter degeneration patterns in the frontal and temporal lobe. Department of Neuroscience. no. 51. 453−60. Author(s) Lasek−K. Germany. silvio. Zizza−Monica. Source Canadian journal of psychiatry. Author affiliation Department of Neurology and NeuroImage Nord. University Hospital of Schleswig−Holstein Campus Luebeck. atrophy of the grey matter involved mainly the cerebellum and other motor networks. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. pyramidal as well as psychiatric signs. Torino. Publication year 2006. reflecting the cerebellar. Bethesda MD. occipito−parietal structures. 129. USA) Combined treatment of major depression in patients with borderline personality disorder: a comparison with pharmacotherapy. there was a highly significant correlation between the clinical Mini−Mental State Examination scores and atrophy of the nucleus accumbens. Rolfs−A. vol. Bogetto−Filippo. Rinaldi−Camilla. no. p. Author affiliation Unit of Psychiatry. in particular the basal ganglia. Jun 2006. Lencer−R. p. Brockmann−K. A correlation analysis revealed a clear association between the clinical cerebellar. {Brain}. extrapyramidal and psychiatric scores and degeneration in specific areas.bellino@unito. Besides general patterns of disease−related brain atrophy. Sep 2006 (epub: 07 Jun 2006). Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16838827 Medline 20061005. characteristic syndrome−related morphological changes in SCA17 patients were studied.it. Pt 9. Steinlechner−S. The aim of this study was to compare combined treatment using interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) with pharmacotherapy alone in patients with depression and borderline personality 33 . ISSN: 1460−2156. Nagel−M. Kock−N. Binkofski−F. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Combined treatment with psychotherapy and antidepressants is more effective than monotherapies. 7. ISSN: 0706−7437. Hagenah−J. Luebeck. In contrast. Klein−C. SCA17 patients showed a pattern of degeneration of the grey matter centred around mesial cerebellar structures. Wolters−A.

CONCLUSION: Vocational rehabilitation of subjects with severe mental illness should take account of each rehabilitant's individual capacities and abilities as well as individual concepts of the disorder. Three types of drop−outs could be identified: Termination due to exacerbation (of a functional psychosis). USA) 34 . using univariate general linear models with 2 factors: duration and type of treatment. and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS). level of functioning. Bethesda MD. and HARS score did not differ between treatments. Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the conditional factors underlying a premature termination of vocational rehabilitation programs.de. Owing to noncompliance. CONCLUSIONS: Combined therapy with IPT is more effective than antidepressant therapy alone. intrusive or needy. Hühne−Michael. and socially inhibited scores on the IIP−64. METHODS: There were 39 consecutive outpatients diagnosed with BPD who presented with a major depressive episode enrolled in this study. Bethesda MD. Massnahmenabbrecher in der beruflichen Rehabilitation psychisch kranker Menschen. Author affiliation Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Martin− Luther−Universität Halle−Wittenberg. the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS). intelligence and work capacity. Title in original lang. the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI). Author(s) Watzke−Stefan. Publication year 2006. Publication year 2006. combined therapy was superior to fluoxetine alone. in subjective physical health. RESULTS: 23 persons terminated rehabilitation prematurely. integrated concepts of medical treatment and vocational rehabilitation are needed to ensure rehabilitation success. the Satisfaction Profile (SAT−P) for quality of life and the 64−item Inventory for Interpersonal Problems (IIP−64). According to changes in the HDRS scores. We performed statistical analysis. Week 12. RESULTS: Changes in remission rates. subjective health. and changes in vindictive or self−centred. 7 patients dropped out. 33. Gawlik−Berthold. METHODS: 123 rehabilitation participants were assessed prospectively regarding sociodemographic and psychopathological variables. no. {Psychiatr−Prax}. cold or distant. Galvao−Anja. Halle/Saale. They were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups: fluoxetine 20 mg to 40 mg daily or fluoxetine 20 mg to 40 mg daily plus IPT 1 session weekly. Accession number & update 16583350 Medline 20061005. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. intellectual and work capacity. changes in psychological functioning and social functioning scores on the SAT−P. USA) (Early termination of vocational rehabilitation for the severe mentally ill). ISSN: 0303−4259. level of functioning. that is. CGI. due to reluctance to show−up (mainly men with antisocial personality disorders) and a non−specific group. Source Psychiatrische Praxis. and 2 self−report questionnaires. and Week 24. Brieger− Peter. Language German.uni−halle. using a semistructured interview for clinical characteristics. both in treating symptoms of major depression and in improving dimensions of quality of life and interpersonal functioning. Apr 2006. stefan. 3. Drop−outs differed regarding sociodemographic and illness−related variables. Moreover. p. vol. We assessed the 32 patients who completed the 24 weeks of treatment at baseline.DataStar Documents disorder (BPD). 124−31. Language English.watzke @medizin.

Results indicate that the group 35 .suchy@psych. Utah 84112−0251. no. Mar 2006 (epub: 20 Feb 2006). Within those trials. KLGratz@aol. Accession number & update 16981606 Medline 20061004. MA 02478. USA) Preliminary data on an acceptance−based emotion regulation group intervention for deliberate self−harm among women with borderline personality disorder. 37. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Author affiliation McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Salt Lake City. Language English. 538−48. 14−week. and an interaction between the two. emotion regulation group intervention. 1. and maintaining mental sets among psychopathic offenders during verbal and nonverbal tasks: another look at the left− hemisphere activation hypothesis.utah. p. Kosson−David−S. Agency: NIMH. yana. Publication year 2006. Grant ID: MH49111. ISSN: 1355−6177. Source Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS. Consistent with prior research. {J− Int−Neuropsychol−Soc}. no. Author(s) Suchy−Yana. vol. designed to teach self−harming women with BPD more adaptive ways of responding to their emotions so as to reduce the frequency of their self−harm behavior. No response latency differences between groups were found. Twenty−one psychopathic and 23 nonpsychopathic criminal offenders identified with the Hare Psychopathy Checklist− Revised participated in verbal and visual−spatial tasks during which the level of executive processing demands was manipulated. Participants were matched on level of emotion dysregulation and lifetime frequency of self−harm and randomly assigned to receive this group in addition to their current outpatient therapy (N = 12). Acronym: MH. 12. or to continue with their current outpatient therapy alone for 14 weeks (N = 10). left hemisphere activation. 4. USA. Source Behavior therapy. University of Utah. switching. vol.DataStar Documents Forming. Literature on both the emotion regulating and experientially avoidant function of self−harm and the role of emotional dysfunction in BPD provided the rationale for developing a group intervention targeting emotion dysregulation among self−harming women with BPD.edu. 25−35. {Behav−Ther}. Author(s) Gratz−Kim−L. p. psychopathic offenders made more errors than controls. ISSN: 0005−7894. Jul 2006. USA.com. but only during the verbal task and only on trials with high executive demand. Gunderson−John−G. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. Abstract Three hypotheses for cognitive deficits among psychopaths were tested: executive dysfunction. Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 16942958 Medline 20061004. most errors occurred when set− maintenance demands were the highest. Bethesda MD. This study provides preliminary data on the efficacy of this new. Belmont. Abstract Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and deliberate self−harm are clinically important conditions for which additional economically and clinically feasible interventions are needed.

vol. and antisocial behavior. and reached normative levels of functioning on most. Moreover. RESULTS: Results revealed that fire interest and antisocial behavior were significantly and positively correlated. Ontario. firesetting is included as a criterion for the diagnoses of conduct disorder and pyromania. Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 16926615 Medline 20061004. Bethesda MD. USA) Child−therapist and parent−therapist alliance and therapeutic change in the treatment of children referred for oppositional. aggressive.DataStar Documents intervention had positive effects on self−harm. 45. there is little research on the role of fire interest in firesetting or on the construct of pyromania. CONCLUSIONS: These findings have implications for an empirically derived taxonomy of pathological firesetting. The link between firesetting and antisocial behavior is well established in the empirical literature. Source Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Marton−Peter. variations in fire interest added to the prediction of firesetting severity at assessment and firesetting recidivism at 18−month follow−up above and beyond what was predicted by antisociality alone. Although theoretical models of firesetting often include fire interest as a putative risk factor. Author(s) MacKay−Sherri. Participants in the group treatment condition evidenced significant changes over time on all measures. Bethesda MD. Henderson−Joanna. While these preliminary results are promising. Language English. By assessing fire interest and antisocial behavior concurrently. and stress. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. METHOD: The present study evaluated a sample of children and adolescents referred to an outpatient specialty program for juvenile firesetters with firesetting as the primary presenting problem. 1077−84. experiential avoidance. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Del−Bove−Giannetta. Canada. Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 36 . p. Warling−Diane. Publication year 2006. emotion dysregulation. anxiety. ISSN: 0890−8567.net. Publication year 2006. 9. USA) Fire interest and antisociality as risk factors in the severity and persistence of juvenile firesetting. Abstract OBJECTIVE: In the DSM−IV−TR. Author affiliation Department of Psychiatry. Language English. as well as symptoms of depression. the contribution of fire interest to firesetting after controlling for the role of conduct problems was evaluated. the study's limitations require their replication in a larger−scale randomized controlled trial. Sep 2006. sherri_mackay@camh. and BPD−specific symptoms. no. University of Toronto. {J−Am−Acad−Child−Adolesc−Psychiatry}. Root−Carol.

RESULTS: The findings could not easily be attributed to the influence of other domains (socioeconomic disadvantage. no. 436−45. no. A second approach examined the incremental increase in R(2)−value in predicting functioning and personality provided by each diagnosis over each other diagnosis. and antisocial behavior. {Acta−Psychiatr−Scand}. {J− Child−Psychol−Psychiatry}. College Station. 47(5):423−4. ages 6−14) referred clinically for oppositional. Agency: NIMH. and obsessive−compulsive personality disorders. vol. 47. 77843−4235. Language English. vol. Connecticut 06520−7900. Source Journal of child psychology and psychiatry and allied disciplines. Marciano−Paul−L. p. parent psychopathology and stress. Acronym: MH. Abstract BACKGROUND: We examined the therapeutic alliance in evidence−based treatment for children (N = 77. that were used to classify comorbid individuals from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorder study (CLPS) to explore the possibility of hierarchical precedence of one personality disorder over another. schizotypal. USA. Publication year 2006. 19 girls. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. derived from multiple psycho−social domains. parent−therapist) were assessed from each participant's perspective at two points over the course of treatment. schizotypal. METHOD: One approach used discriminant functions. Author(s) Hopwood−C−J. METHOD: Different alliances (child−therapist. Author affiliation Child Study Center. Gunderson−J−G. was investigated in the current study with respect to borderline. and severity of child dysfunction) known to predict therapeutic change or to rater effects (common rater variance) in the predictors and criteria. Whitley−Moira. ISSN: 0021−9630. diagnostic hierarchies.DataStar Documents 16671927 Medline 20061004. 113. Abstract OBJECTIVE: Comorbidity among personality disorders is widely considered problematic. Texas A & M University. May 2006. Grant ID: MH59029. Skodol−A−E. Morey−L−C. CONCLUSION: The therapeutic alliance warrants increased attention to understand the precise role in treatment and whether or how the alliance can be mobilized to enhance change. p. 5. 58 boys. the parent−therapist alliance also predicted improvements in parenting practices in the home. Bethesda MD. New Haven. Grilo−C−M. avoidant. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Tracie−Shea−M. The validity of one proposed solution. whereas other indications of hierarchical 37 . USA. Author(s) Kazdin−Alan−E. RESULTS: Obsessive−compulsive personality disorder was consistently subordinate to other diagnoses. ISSN: 0001−690X. Comment Comment in: J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2006 May. McGlashan−T−H. 5. 430−9. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16603034 Medline 20061004. aggressive. Both the quality of the child−therapist and the parent−therapist alliance predicted therapeutic changes in the children. Source Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica. Yale University School of Medicine. May 2006. USA) Hierarchical relationships between borderline. avoidant and obsessive−compulsive personality disorders.

Acronym: AA. however. PA 15213. the mediated effect of ADHD through deviant peer affiliation was significant. Agency: NIDA Grant ID: F31 AA13217. Agency: NIMH. no. Acronym: MH. 216−26. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH18269. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH4815. Author(s) Marshal−Michael−P. Acronym: AA. Jun 2006. oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). and conduct disorder (CD) as risk factors among 142 adolescents with childhood ADHD. Acronym: AA. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH53554. for children with low levels of ODD and CD symptoms. Acronym: MH. Agency: NIAAA Grant ID: MH12010. Grant ID: AA00202. Agency: NIAAA Grant ID: DA05605. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH45576. Agency: NIAAA Grant ID: AA11873. Moreover. Acronym: DA. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH 50840. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH 50838. Agency: NIAAA Grant ID: AA0626. Acronym: MH. Abstract This study evaluated the interplay of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom severity. Author affiliation Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic. Grant ID: K05 MH 01645. Acronym: AA. Agency: NIDA Grant ID: DA12414. University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. USA) Antisocial behaviors moderate the deviant peer pathway to substance use in children with ADHD. Acronym: MH. Acronym: MH. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH 50837. Acronym: MH. Acronym: AA. Source Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology American Psychological Association Division 53. Agency: NIMH. Agency: NIAAA Grant ID: AA08746. Acronym: MH. deviant peer group affiliation. Bethesda MD. Acronym: AA. Language English. Agency: NIAAA Grant ID: AA12342.DataStar Documents relationships were domain−specific. Agency: NIAAA Grant ID: AA015100. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH47390. Acronym: MH. Acronym: MH. Acronym: MH. moderated mediation analyses found that for children with high levels of ODD and CD symptoms. Deviant peer affiliation mediated the relation between childhood ADHD symptoms and 6 substance use and abuse variables. Bethesda MD. Publication year 2006. Language English. USA) 38 . ISSN: 1537−4416. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH50467. Accession number & update 16597217 Medline 20061004. USA. this mediated effect was weak and nonsignificant. p. Results suggest that children with severe ADHD symptomatology and comorbid antisocial behavior are at highest risk for peer−mediated substance use in adolescence. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH 50839. vol. CONCLUSION: Results indicate minimal support for an over−arching hierarchical pattern among studied personality disorders. 2. Acronym: DA. Acronym: MH. Molina−Brooke−S−G. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Acronym: MH. 35. Agency: NIMH Grant ID: MH 50850. and suggest the inclusion of all relevant diagnoses in clinical practice. Pittsburgh. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. {J−Clin−Child−Adolesc− Psychol}. Acronym: AA. Publication year 2006. Acronym: MH.

39 . indirect exposure. One or more dissociative parts of the personality avoid traumatic memories and perform functions in daily life.nl. Accession number & update 16281255 Medline 20061004. the authors address both issues by postulating that traumatization essentially involves some degree of division or dissociation of psychobiological systems that constitute personality.haifa. Abstract The role of dissociation in (complex) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been insufficiently recognized for at least two reasons: the view that dissociation is a peripheral. Both assessments included personality and PTSS evaluation. and existing confusion regarding the nature of dissociation. Bethesda MD. ISSN: 0894−9867. Source Journal of traumatic stress. In this conceptual article. Of the initial 185 students. Author affiliation School of Social Work. vol. The initial sample consisted of 185 undergraduate students who had coincidentally been evaluated for their PTSS levels 2 weeks prior to a terrorist explosion. the sample was assessed to determine the extent of actual exposure. personal exposure. Source Journal of traumatic stress. while one or more other parts remain fixated in traumatic experiences and defensive actions. 77 refs. USA) Dissociation: An insufficiently recognized major feature of complex posttraumatic stress disorder. 18. University of Haifa. {J−Trauma−Stress}. 563−7.vanderhart@fss. Publication year 2005. 31905. Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies.il. Author(s) Gil−Sharon. 5. Oct 2005. Author(s) van−der−Hart−Onno. Data analyses revealed five positive predictors of PTSS levels: high pre−attack PTSS levels.DataStar Documents Evaluation of premorbid personality factors and pre−event posttraumatic stress symptoms in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms associated with a bus explosion in Israel. Utrecht. 81 reported being exposed and thus constituted the final cohort.ac. Dissociative parts manifest in negative and positive dissociative symptoms that should be distinguished from alterations of consciousness. Language English. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.uu. Israel. Language English. A week after the explosion. no. They were reevaluated at 1 month after the explosion. {J−Trauma−Stress}. Complex PTSD involves a more complex structural dissociation than simple PTSD. and high premorbid levels on the harm avoidance personality dimension. 413−23. p. Author affiliation Department of Clinical Psychology. o. ISSN: 0894−9867. The Netherlands. Abstract This study examined the role played by indicators of premorbid personality in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) . 18. vol. gsharon@research. Nijenhuis−Ellert−R−S. 5. significant other's exposure. Oct 2005. Utrecht University. no. Accession number & update 16281239 Medline 20061004. Steele−Kathy. p. not a central feature of PTSD.

as well as the issue of comorbidity in PTSD. (e) somatization. had a high incidence of problems with (a) regulation of affect and impulses. Abstract The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships among numbing. Bethesda MD. {J−Trauma−Stress}. and avoidance in a sample of 272 female rape survivors. Language English. St. Apr 2005. particularly trauma early in the life cycle. Massachusetts. (d) interpersonal relations. In 40 . vol. vol. arousal. 5. The DSM−IV (American Psychiatric Association. USA. Author affiliation The Trauma Center and Boston University School of Medicine. Roth−Susan. and (f) systems of meaning. intrusion. no. Author affiliation Center for Trauma Recovery. (c) self−perception. This raises important issues about the categorical versus the dimensional nature of posttraumatic stress. Author(s) Feuer−Catherine−A. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 18. p. no. Author(s) van−der−Kolk−Bessel−A. Abstract Children and adults exposed to chronic interpersonal trauma consistently demonstrate psychological disturbances that are not captured in the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis. University of Missouri. Accession number & update 16281210 Medline 20061004. Agency: NIMH. Louis. (b) memory and attention. which posits that hyperarousal and numbing are functionally related mechanisms and intrusions and avoidance are functionally related. 8001 Natural Bridge Road.DataStar Documents Publication year 2005. Bethesda MD. Results supported the hypothesis that arousal explained the majority of the variance in numbing beyond that explained by avoidance and intrusion. MO 63121. Boston. Sunday−Susanne. bvanderk@aol. {J−Trauma−Stress}. USA. Acronym: MH. Grant ID: 1 P01 MH47200−01. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to test a theoretical model. Oct 2005. 165−70. Resick−Patricia. Source Journal of traumatic stress. USA) Prediction of numbing and effortful avoidance in female rape survivors with chronic PTSD. p. Pelcovitz−David. Spinazzola−Joseph. USA) Disorders of extreme stress: The empirical foundation of a complex adaptation to trauma. Accession number & update 16281237 Medline 20061004. 1994) Field Trial studied 400 treatment−seeking traumatized individuals and 128 community residents and found that victims of prolonged interpersonal trauma. ISSN: 0894−9867. Source Journal of traumatic stress. Nishith−Pallavi.com. Publication year 2005. 2. 18. These data invite further exploration of what constitutes effective treatment of the full spectrum of posttraumatic psychopathology. ISSN: 0894−9867. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 389−99.

p. 5 Mar 1960. {Br−Med−J}. Grant ID: R01 MH 6992. respectively. 41 . vol. 5157. no. no. Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 14444263 OldMedline 20061003. Acronym: MH. Agency: NIMH. Accession number & update 05673003 Medline 20061003. ISSN: 0028−0836. 5174. USA) Development of chest pain in Munchausen's syndrome. 910−4. Bethesda MD. 1. Language English. 699−701. Source British medical journal. Publication year 1960. {Nature}. Language English. ISSN: 0007−1447. 5186. USA) Significance of sex chromosome derived heterochromatin in mammals. 1641−6. Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 14432471 OldMedline 20061003. p. vol. Bethesda MD. ISSN: 0007−1447. 31 Aug 1968. intrusive symptoms explained the majority of the variance in effortful avoidance beyond that explained by numbing and arousal. vol. Language English. Source British medical journal. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Publication year 1960.DataStar Documents addition. Publication year 2005. p. Author(s) SCOTT−P−D. The findings suggest that numbing and effortful avoidance may be separate mechanisms associated with symptoms of arousal and intrusion. Source Nature. Author(s) PEYMAN−M−A. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. no. 219. Bethesda MD. USA) The treatment of psychopaths. 1. 28 May 1960. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. {Br−Med−J}.

USA) A FIVE−YEAR FOLLOW−UP OF 100 NEUROTIC OUT−PATIENTS. 1 Dec 1962. 1448. Bethesda MD. 2. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Bethesda MD. p. vol. no. Language English. Language English. ISSN: 0007−1447. p. Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 14258847 OldMedline 20061002. vol. {Br−Med−J}. Bethesda MD. Author(s) ROLLIN−H−R. p. Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 14150889 OldMedline 20061002. 5438. 27 Mar 1965. USA) UNPROSECUTED MENTALLY ABNORMAL OFFENDERS. no. 5402. CARSTAIRS−G−M. Language English. Author(s) GIEL−R. ISSN: 0007−1447. Publication year 1964. Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 13935057 OldMedline 20061002. Source British medical journal. 1. 5317. no. Source British medical journal. Source British medical journal. Publication year 1968. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.DataStar Documents Author(s) Hamerton−J−L. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 18 Jul 1964. USA) Addiction to glue sniffing. {Br−Med−J}. KNOX−R−S. 2. ISSN: 0007−1447. {Br−Med−J}. 160−3. 831−5. 42 . Publication year 1965. vol.

Bethesda MD. Apr−Jun 1971. 453−60. no. USA) (Aspects of personality and social position in a group of mental deficient children). Accession number & update 05714107 Medline 20061002. Language Italian. Jul−Sep 1968. Title in original lang. Publication year 1971. Accession number & update 05143218 Medline 20061002. ZACHARIADIS−N. USA) (Observations on the personality of minors with antisocial development). USA) (Delusional elaboration of the disease experience in a patient with multiple sclerosis).DataStar Documents Author(s) MERRY−J. Osservazioni sulla personalità di minori con evoluzione in senso dissociale. p. Source Rivista di neurobiologia : organo ufficiale della Società dei neurologi neuroradiologi e neurochirurghi ospedalieri. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. {Riv−Neurobiol }. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Title in original lang. vol. 17. ISSN: 0035−6336. Author(s) Anepeta−L. no. Mazza−S. vol. Publication year 1968. Language English. 2. 3. {Riv−Neurobiol }. Bethesda MD. Elaborazione delirante dell'esperienza di malattia in soggetto affetto da sclerosi multipla. ISSN: 0035−6336. Accession number & update 05714111 Medline 20061002. Source Rivista di neurobiologia : organo ufficiale della Società dei neurologi neuroradiologi e neurochirurghi ospedalieri. 14. Bria−P. Aspetti della personalità e posizione sociale in un gruppo di insufficienti mentali. Publication year 1962. Source 43 . Title in original lang. 127−36. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Author(s) Bernardini−A. Bethesda MD. p. Language Italian.

To this extent. Jul−Sep 1968. Piazza−M. 84 refs. ISSN: 0035−6336. ISSN: 0035−6336. 46. vol. {Med−Sci−Law}. Loughborough University. p. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16909641 Medline 20061002. 3. Clinical. elettroencefalografico e terapeutico. no. 4. Language Italian. USA) (On nocturnal enuresis. no. Fossi−G. Bethesda MD. p. ISSN: 0025−8024. Abstract The development of the concept. The authors acknowledge the problems involved in 'labelling' the disorder. no. Author(s) Granata−M. the term 'psychopathic disorder' will be used as a kind of shorthand for variants in everyday use. Author affiliation Midlands Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 409−12. 13. Dept of Social Sciences. Author(s) Moss−Kate. Source Medicine science and the law. for a variety of 44 . The term psychopathic has a somewhat chequered history. Leicestershire. p. Jul 2006. 14. USA) Severe (psychopathic) personality disorder: a review. It did not enter U. Language Italian. Title in original lang. There are also 'psychopaths' who. legislation until the Mental Health Act 1959. {Riv−Neurobiol }. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. electroencephalographic and therapeutic study).DataStar Documents Rivista di neurobiologia : organo ufficiale della Società dei neurologi neuroradiologi e neurochirurghi ospedalieri.K. vol. It is important to note that in this contribution we are only considering those 'psychopaths' who have come to the attention of the criminal justice and mental health systems. 3. {Riv−Neurobiol }. Oct−Dec 1967. Contributo clinico. Publication year 1968. Publication year 1967. However. Sull'enuresi notturna. vol. Author(s) Chiarugi−C−E. causes and management of severe (psychopathic) personality disorder is reviewed against the current background of government concern about the activities of a small group of individuals alleged to be showing the disorder to a dangerous degree. Bethesda MD. it is a legal term and does not equate to any exact degree with the clinical descriptions currently in use. 190−207. Prins−Herschel. Source Rivista di neurobiologia : organo ufficiale della Società dei neurologi neuroradiologi e neurochirurghi ospedalieri. 900−19. Accession number & update 04884630 Medline 20061002.

372−90. {Behav−Modif}. USA) A dual process model of perfectionism based on reinforcement theory. Comment Comment in: Behav Modif.DataStar Documents reasons. 8. 2006 Jul. Accession number & update 16894494 Medline 20060929. Publication year 2006.moeller−mussavi @lvr. Owens−R−G. 74. Publication year 1998. simone. Bethesda MD. 442−8. Bethesda MD. have not come to official attention and a recent contribution by Board and Fritzon (2005) highlights some interesting common characteristics in business managers and a sample of forensic patients detained in high security establishments. p. some of the more obvious theoretical and practical implications are briefly explored. goal differences. It is concluded from this review that two major types can be distinguished. These two forms are then defined as positive and negative perfectionism and related directly to Skinnerian concepts of positive and negative reinforcement. ISSN: 0145−4455. ISSN: 0720−4299. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. self−concept involvement. Title in original lang. no. Seifert−D. Author(s) Möller−Mussavi−S. Accession number & update 09722475 Medline 20060929. no. vol. Author(s) Slade−P−D. Source Behavior modification. 30(4):472−95. {Fortschr−Neurol−Psychiatr}. 22. Language English. The positive/negative distinction is then further elaborated on in terms of approach/avoidance behavior. So far more or less valid criteria for predicting recidivism have been determined 45 . p. emotional correlates. Abstract This article begins with a brief review of the current literature on the structure and measurement of perfectionism. 3. 39 refs. Aug 2006. Language English. and the promoting environment. a normal /healthy form and a pathological form. USA) (Can neurological soft signs (NSS) contribute to the prediction of dangerousness in mentally disordered offenders?). Abstract The prediction of dangerousness in mentally disordered offenders is still as well complex as insufficiently empirically proven. vol.de. Jul 1998. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Author affiliation Institut für Forensische Psychiatrie Essen. Finally. Leisten neurological soft signs (NSS) einen Beitrag zur Gefährlichkeitseinschätzung psychisch kranker Straftäter gemäss 63 St GB? Source Fortschritte der Neurologie−Psychiatrie.

it represents a dogma against which plausible objections can be made. has flared up anew. 46 . and consequently the principle of guilt should be given up in criminal law. Abstract Several authors argue that criminal behavior is generally caused by neurobiological deficits. which includes concrete observations and analysis of behavior−−thus remains a central and cogent approach to the assessment of criminal responsibility. 67 refs. Schweiz. The principle of relative determinism−−the evaluation of the degree of determinism of personality factors potentially reducing criminal responsibility. 431−41. Language German.DataStar Documents concerning historical and clinical aspects. This article deals with the relevance of neurological soft signs (NSS) for the prediction of dangerousness in mentally ill offenders as one possible factor in a multidimensional model. USA) (Neurobiological determinism: questionable inferences on human freedom of choice and forensic criminal responsibility). especially within the science of criminal law. p. thus maintaining that human beings are not responsible for their actions. Based on this neurobiological perspective of assumed causality. no. nor is it empirically confirmed. it cannot be falsified. Rossegger−A. reveal both methodical misconception and a lack of empirical foundation. Publication year 2006. In this context the controversial debate on determinism and indeterminism. nor a theory of an absolute neurobiological determinism. vol. To sum up. When critically examining the current state of research. Endrass−J. which has been held for centuries. 8. neurological and neuropsychological variables that could be of importance for the development of chronic delinquent behavior have mostly been neglected. Author(s) Urbaniok−F. Whereas biological. Hardegger−J. {Fortschr−Neurol−Psychiatr}. Neurobiologischer Determinismus: Fragwürdige Schlussfolgerungen über menschliche Entscheidungsmöglichkeiten und forensische Schuldfähigkeit. and the theory of neurobiological determinism of all human behavior is put forward. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. The criticism of the concept of free will. Neither is complete determination of all phenomena in the universe−−as maintained−−the logical conclusion of the principle of causality. Author affiliation Psychiatrisch−Psychologischer Dienst. Bethesda MD. is not put forward in a valid way. 74. and even more so of human accountability and criminal responsibility. On the other hand similar results arose for the subgroup of patients with a personality disorder without intellectual deficits as for the homogeneous group of offenders in prisons. 155 patients were examined after a minimum time at risk of 2 years (mean 4 years). Therefore a significant meaning of NSS for certain subgroups can be presumed. ISSN: 0720−4299. the concept of free will is questioned. it becomes apparent that the results do not support the existence of a universally valid neurobiological causality of criminal behavior. Title in original lang. the theories proposed by some authors on the complete neurobiological determinism of human behavior. Analyzed methodically. Zürich. The results showed that on the one hand there is no relevant and valid connection between neurological soft signs and recidivism for the general heterogeneous group of forensic patients. Source Fortschritte der Neurologie−Psychiatrie. as a theory which cannot be empirically tested. Publication year 2006. Language German. Accession number & update 16894493 Medline 20060929. and thus. Aug 2006. and the subsequent impossibility of individual responsibility and guilt.

We observed different responses to aripiprazole. p. Author(s) Pascual−J−C. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. no. Author(s) Mobascher−A. {Pharmacopsychiatry}. ISSN: 0176−3679. Publication year 2006. The second patient also complained about initial side effects. USA) P300 amplitude as an indicator of externalizing in adolescent males. She responded partially to the drug. Therapeutic effects were measured using the SCL−90R (symptom check list) and the BSL (borderline symptom list). Barrachina−J. Language English. Twenty agitated BPD patients were treated with intramuscular atypical antipsychotics (olanzapine or ziprasidone). Bethesda MD. Language English. 3. ISSN: 0176−3679. Mobascher−J. New injectable atypical antipsychotics are indicated for treatment in agitated psychotic or maniac patients but not for agitated BDP patients. vol. 39. Alvarez−E. vol. after the dose was lowered. In the first patient we had to discontinue the drug before we were able to observe any therapeutic effects. Results suggest intramuscular atypical antipsychotics may be effective. Aripiprazole may have a potential role in the pharmacotherapy of borderline personality disorder and may not only target psychotic symptoms in these patients. 39. May 2006. USA) Aripiprazole pharmacotherapy of borderline personality disorder. 111−2. Bethesda MD. However. Pérez−V.DataStar Documents (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. no. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 117−8. Madre−M. the drug was tolerated and she responded well to aripiprazole with respect to all psychopathological aspects. who received pharmacotherapy with the new atypical antipsychotic drug aripiprazole. Source Pharmacopsychiatry. Campins−M−J. Bethesda MD. Accession number & update 16721700 Medline 20060929. p. Accession number & update 47 . The third patient did not suffer from any side effects under aripiprazole. USA) Injectable atypical antipsychotics for agitation in borderline personality disorder. Publication year 2006. Accession number & update 16721704 Medline 20060929. 3. Winterer−G. Malevani−J. fast and safe for treating acute BPD patients. Abstract We report three consecutive cases of women with borderline personality disorder with psychotic symptoms. Abstract Agitation is relatively common among Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) patients in Psychiatric Emergency Services (PES). Source Pharmacopsychiatry. Soler−J. {Pharmacopsychiatry}. May 2006. Schlemper−V.

Agency: NIDA Grant ID: MH 65137. We hypothesized that reduced P300 is an indicator of the common factor that underlies disorders within this spectrum. no. vol. Publication year 2006. The largest positive changes (pre− versus post−therapy) were with respect to the patients' overall health and functioning. Stockholm County Council. One third had a self−reported personality disorder. drug dependence. {Psychol−Psychother}. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. Agency: NIMH. no. 1. The patients were considerably more troubled than Swedish norm groups at intake and they showed improvement on all outcome measures during therapy. Source Psychophysiology. Abstract Reduced P300 amplitude is reliably found in individuals with a personal or family history of alcohol problems. of whom 92 received individual and 42 group therapy. Bethesda MD. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16611424 Medline 20060929. Malone−Stephen−M. Author(s) Patrick−Christopher−J. Minneapolis. {Psychophysiology}. and Psychotherapy Section Department of Clinical Neuroscience. Mar 2006. Community males (N=969) were assessed at age 17 in a visual oddball task. 84−92. Source Psychology and psychotherapy. Acronym: AA. However.edu. Agency: NIAAA Grant ID: DA 05147. Author affiliation Institute of Psychotherapy. McGue−Matt. Grant ID: AA 09367. vol. Bernat−Edward−M. Our findings indicate that reduced P300 amplitude is an indicator of the broad neurobiological vulnerability that underlies disorders within the externalizing spectrum. the post therapy means did not fully reach the norm group means. Karolinska Institutet. conduct disorder. while changes in interpersonal problems and object representations were small. Minnesota 55455.umn. Sweden. Changes were more moderate in self−reported symptoms. and adult antisocial behavior. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. p. Externalizing was defined as the common factor underlying symptoms of alcohol dependence. and self−representation. nicotine dependence. cpatrick@tc. ISSN: 0048−5772. 79. Pt 1. ISSN: 1476−0835. Abstract The aims of this naturalistic study are to present patient characteristics and analyse various outcome measures at termination for psychoanalytic psychotherapies with young adults.DataStar Documents 16629688 Medline 20060929. Author(s) Philips−Björn. and this relation accounted for links between specific externalizing disorders and P300. Iacono− William−G. A robust association was found between reduced P300 amplitude and the externalizing factor. 43. The results of this study are discussed in 48 . Jan 2006. Language English. University of Minnesota. Krueger−Robert−F. USA) Young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy: patient characteristics and therapy outcome. Werbart−Andrzej. Wennberg−Peter. self−concept. USA. p. alcoholism is part of a broader externalizing spectrum that includes other substance use and antisocial disorders. However. Patients (n = 134) between 18 and 25 years were included. Stockholm. Acronym: DA. 89−106. Schubert−Johan. Acronym: MH.

vol. Author(s) Fonagy−Peter.edu. charles. Comment Comment in: Br J Psychiatry. e. 33. 342−9. UK.dike@yale. Psychiatrists continue to grapple with the full ramifications of the condition. USA) Pathological lying revisited.ac. Publication year 2006. 31 refs. Jan 2006. Author(s) Dike−Charles−C. 188. 188:493.DataStar Documents the context of advantages and disadvantages of naturalistic versus randomized controlled study designs. 2006 May. Abstract Although pathological lying was first described in the medical literature over 100 years ago. Source The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. author reply 585−6 Comment in: Br J Psychiatry. Language English. Author affiliation Freud Memorial Professor of Psychoanalysis. New Haven. Source The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science. p. Clinicians should be optimistic about improvement and long−term outcomes. USA) Progress in the treatment of borderline personality disorder. Bateman−Anthony. even though interest specifically in pathological lying seems to have waned in recent times. no. 3. ISSN: 1093−6793. {J−Am− Acad−Psychiatry−Law}. University College London. Law and Psychiatry Division. Publication year 2006. London WC1E 6BT. 34 Park Street. {Br−J−Psychiatry}. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16388061 Medline 20060927. Accession number & update 16186198 Medline 20060927. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 1−3. CT 06519. ISSN: 0007−1250.uk. The impact of 49 . vol.allison@ucl. Language English. it remains a poorly understood concept. 2006 Jun. USA. Bethesda MD. Bethesda MD. Abstract We outline recent evidence suggesting that the natural course of borderline personality disorder is more benign than formerly believed. Sub−Department of Clinical Health Psychology. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. author reply 493−4. Griffith−Ezra−E−H. We explore possible reasons for the change in findings which include both the iatrogenic effects of earlier treatment models and the recent availability of effective interventions. Gower Street. Baranoski−Madelon. 188:585. Author affiliation Connecticut Medical Health Center. 2005. p.

DataStar Documents pathological lying deserves critical attention from forensic psychiatrists because of the implications that untruths have in a legal context. In this article, the authors review the considerable vagueness and confusion that has surrounded this concept and examine the extent to which a person can control lying behavior and the related question of whether pathological liars have responsibility for their actions. While providing a structured framework for considering pathological lying in the forensic context, the authors conclude that further systematic research is needed to resolve the questions raised in this article. Language English. Comment Comment in: J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2005; 33(3):350−3 Comment in: J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2006; 34(1):131−2; author reply 132−3. Publication year 2005.
(COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine, Bethesda MD, USA)

Psychiatric referrals from courts and prisons.
Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 05850467 Medline 20060927. Source British medical journal, {Br−Med−J}, 25 Dec 1965, vol. 2, no. 5477, p. 1519−23, ISSN: 0007−1447. Author(s) Bearcroft−J−S, Donovan−M−D. Language English. Publication year 1965.
(COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine, Bethesda MD, USA)

Self−poisoning. I.
Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 05849143 Medline 20060927. Source British medical journal, {Br−Med−J}, 27 Nov 1965, vol. 2, no. 5473, p. 1265−70, ISSN: 0007−1447. Author(s) Kessel−N. Language English. Publication year 1965.
(COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine, Bethesda MD, USA)

50

DataStar Documents

(Glucose abnormalities in a 14−year old patient treated with a second generation antipsychotic).
Accession number & update 16955998 Medline 20060927. Title in original lang. Glucosestoornissen bij een 14−jarige patiënt die behandeld werd met een tweede−generatie− antipsychoticum. Source Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie, {Tijdschr−Psychiatr}, 2006, vol. 48, no. 4, p. 331−5, ISSN: 0303−7339. Author(s) Lauwers−K, de−Hert−M, de−Rijdt−L, Peuskens−J. Author affiliation Universitair Centrum St. Jozef, Kortenberg, België. Abstract The increased risk of diabetes mellitus in adult patients treated with second generation antipsychotics is a topic that has been vigorously debated in recent years. However, a literature search indicates that only very limited information is available about the use and the potential metabolic risks of antipsychotics in children and adolescents. We present and discuss a case study in which severe glucose abnormalities were detected in a 14−year−old, non−psychotic patient who was being treated with risperidone. The glucose abnormalities were found to be reversible when risperidone was discontinued. The case−study highlights the importance of screening for and detection of metabolic abnormalities in children and adolescents who are being treated with second generation antipsychotics. It is particularly important that children with additional risk factors are closely monitored. Language Dutch. Publication year 2006.
(COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine, Bethesda MD, USA)

High prognostic specificity of antisocial personality disorder in patients with drug dependence: results from a five−year follow−up.
Accession number & update 16923669 Medline 20060927. Source The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions, {Am−J−Addict}, May−Jun 2006, vol. 15, no. 3, p. 227−32, ISSN: 1055−0496. Author(s) Fridell−Mats, Hesse−Morten, Johnson−Eva. Author affiliation Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden. Abstract A sample of 125 consecutive patients from a Swedish detoxification unit were followed up at five years. Register data on criminal behavior were retrieved for 99% of all subjects, including those who were deceased at follow−up, and 76% of living subjects were interviewed. A diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) at intake was associated with incarceration, continuous drug use, dependence on welfare support, and fulfilling criteria of adult ASPD at follow−up. Regardless of ASPD status, a decline was seen in drug− related convictions, but subjects with ASPD were found to continue to commit other crimes. Language English. Publication year 51

DataStar Documents 2006.
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(Boundaries, borders, limits).
Accession number & update 16847475 Medline 20060927. Title in original lang. Fronteras, bordes, límites. Source Vertex (Buenos Aires Argentina), {Vertex}, May−Jun 2006, vol. 17, no. 67, p. 172−81, ISSN: 0327−6139. Author(s) Ulanosky−Patricia. Author affiliation Sociedad Psicoanalítica del Sur, Buenos Aires, Argentina. mart_ulan @fibertel.com.ar. Abstract Although social and cultural changes in the last decades have produced subjective imbalances, according to the author, they only provoke ruptures or disorganize when they find a psyche that has previous leaks or serious flaws in its constitution. This is the case in the borderline disorder. This hypothesis is developed throughout the article and it is articulated with a clinical case of a borderline patient, as an example. From the study of the analyst patient relationship, a dynamic statement of the signs and symptoms and the changes in technique and framework is made. This pathology is included among narcissistic diseases. According to some analysts, it explains most of the clinical demand nowadays. They are called present pathologies, which doesn't mean they haven't existed for a long time. It means that, at present, besides paying attention to the paths of desire, psychoanalysts listen to the narcissistic vicissitudes of existence, identity and self esteem; not only in patients with ego pathologies but also in the narcissistic disturbances of neurotics. This is the reason why making a diagnosis is sometimes so difficult. Language Spanish. Publication year 2006.
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(Behavior and cognitive therapies focused on The Young Personality Disorders Schemas: a pilot study of 14 cases).
Accession number & update 16840922 Medline 20060927. Title in original lang. Thérapies comportementales et cognitives centrées sur les schémas de Young dans les troubles de la personnalité: étude pilote sur 14 cas. Source L'Encéphale, {Encephale}, May−Jun 2006, vol. 32, no. 3 Pt 1, p. 298−304, ISSN: 0013−7006. Author(s) Hahusseau−S, Pélissolo−A. Author affiliation Psychiatre, 12 Grande rue Nazareth, 31000 Toulouse. Abstract INTRODUCTION: Personality disorders are very frequent in the general population, and especially in psychiatric patients. Various types of psychotherapy are proposed to treat these disorders, directly or not, 52

Young therapies are based on the concept of early maladaptive schemas. in particular through memories of traumatic or emotionally disturbing events. Publication year 2006. Dialog eLinks Paper copy available at Accession number & update 16738352 Medline 20060927. Bethesda MD. Weissman) score. ISSN: 0007−1250. Haigh−R. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. 188. p=0.2 consultations per subject. Dialog eLinks Full text available at 53 . Publication year 2006.9%).003). were especially those of the types distrust/neglect (35. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. −schemas therapies represent a rich and complete psychotherapeutic approach. identifying the cognitive schemas involved in the current disorders. Author(s) Ashman−D. initially. vol. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out an exploratory and naturalistic study of the effects of this schemas therapy among 14 adult out−patients (12 women and 2 men) suffering of personality disorders according to DSM IV criteria. The early maladaptive schemas. Jun 2006. The techniques used to modify these early maladaptive schemas include emotional catharsis and corrective emotional experience methods (eg re−parenting). depressive and general psychopathology symptomatology. This favourable evolution was confirmed by the other scales used. author reply 585−6. The majority of the disorders belonged to the clusters C (50%) and B (42. 585.9. USA) Teaching medical students about personality disorders and psychotherapeutic principles: a resident pilot initiative. with 26.DataStar Documents but some specific cognitive−behavioural therapies (CBT) have been developed for all personality disorders or some of them such as borderline personality disorder. Among the most known models. p.7%). assessing anxious. The procedure consists in. 188:1−3. showing a significant improvement at the end of the therapy (21. USA) Borderline personality disorder. as well as their sources in childhood.4%).4%) and subjugation (21. 2006 Jan. Comment Comment on: Br J Psychiatry. in particular for personality disorders. Bethesda MD. Further controlled studies on their efficacy and on the factors associated to a good response are necessary. {Br−J−Psychiatry}. one can quote Beck. CONCLUSION: As a conclusion. Source The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science. The primary efficacy criterion selected was the Social Adaptation Scale (SAS−SR. and associate cognitive− behavioural techniques and a very specific work on emotions.3 versus 27. Language French. RESULTS: The mean duration of the therapies was 13 month. Young and Linehan's approaches. according to Young's classification. neglect feeling (21. Language English.

Tampa. However. 34. Source The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. p. no.usf. The youth were divided into those with SPD and SPD traits. 2006. A significant proportion of the adolescents in this study met full DSM criteria for SPD (14%). and they had more extensive Axis I and II psychopathology than the comparison group. University of South Florida. Bethesda MD.edu. all but one in the Sadistic Group met criteria for other personality disorders. The Sadistic Group (32%) had significantly more Axis I and personality pathology than did the Nonsadistic Group. USA) 54 . The validity of this disorder in younger populations requires further study. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. {Acad−Psychiatry}. Axis I disorders were assessed using the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents. vol. Abstract Sadistic personality disorder (SPD) is a controversial diagnosis proposed in the DSM−III−R. the Sadistic Group (n = 18). This article describes the results of a study that sought to determine the presence of sadistic personality characteristics in psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents and of comorbid Axis I or personality disorder patterns in those youth with SPD or SPD traits. p. Mar−Apr 2006. ISSN: 1093−6793. Fifty−six adolescents were assessed for sadistic and other personality disorders with the Structured Interview for DSM−III−R Personality Disorders−Revised (SIDP−R). Few studies have focused on this disorder in adolescents. Subjects with sadistic personality characteristics were identified in this adolescent inpatient sample. confounding the interpretation of these findings and consistent with adult literature studies. Author(s) Ghatavi−Kayhan. Epidemiologic (K−SADS−E). Author(s) Myers−Wade−C. Language English. 61−71. 1. ISSN: 1042−9670. Waisman−Zohar. wmyers@hsc. 2. Publication year 2006. Accession number & update 16585236 Medline 20060927. but not included in the DSM−IV. {J−Am− Acad−Psychiatry−Law}.DataStar Documents Accession number & update 16609127 Medline 20060927. Future studies should also explore the impact that the mandatory use of the pleasure/gratification criterion has on the validity of the SPD diagnosis and whether the requisite presence of this criterion decreases the overlap currently noted between SPD and other Axis II diagnoses. Publication year 2006. USA) Sadistic personality disorder and comorbid mental illness in adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Husted−David−S. Adolescent Version (DICA−R−A) and portions of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children. Author affiliation Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 30. 178−9. vol. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. and the Nonsadistic Group (n = 38). USA. Burket−Roger−C. Source Academic psychiatry : the journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry. Language English. no. Bethesda MD.

Rate of childhood physical abuse. specialists say. {Isr−J− Psychiatry−Relat−Sci}. The high rate of ASPD found among Turkish substance dependent patients suggests that special attention must be paid to identify ASPD in this group. Treatment and Training Center. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Dialog eLinks Request this article through Accession number & update 16985221 Medline 20060926. Alcohol and Drug Research.4%) had no personality disorder or personality traits. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Also mean scores of BDI. Source The Israel journal of psychiatry and related sciences. 43. and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). USA) Antisocial personality disorder in Turkish substance dependent patients and its relationship with anxiety. cuneytevren@hotmail. no. Abstract The prevalence of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) in treatment− seeking Turkish substance dependent patients and the relationship of ASPD with clinical characteristics were studied. suicide attempt history.DataStar Documents Personality disorder a possibility in problem patients. Turkish version. lifetime major depression and severity of substance use. Bethesda MD. Author(s) Evren−Cuneyt. 1341−2. SCID−II. self−destructive behavior and lifetime major depression were higher among patients with ASPD. {JAMA}. ISSN: 1538−3598. Findings in this study showed that there is an association between ASPD and childhood abuse. 55 . 31 (23. Author affiliation Bakirkoy State Hospital for Mental Health and Neurological Disorders. The clinician applied a semi−structured socio−demographic form. Istanbul. depression and a history of childhood abuse. 296. vol. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16910384 Medline 20060925. Among the 132 substance dependent patients. Kural−Sevil. SCID−I. Source JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association. 40−6. Turkey. Language English. Childhood Abuse and Neglect Questionnaire (CANQ). Participants were 132 inpatients with substance dependence according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM−IV (SCID−I). 20 Sep 2006. 11. childhood neglect. childhood verbal abuse. ISSN: 0333−7308. vol. no.com. p. p. Publication year 2006. Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). Erkiran−Murat. 2006. Language English. Publication year 2006.5%) had ASPD diagnosis and 56 (42. 1. BAI and MAST were higher among patients with ASPD. Author(s) Lamberg−Lynne.

1 Aug 2006 (epub: 14 Feb 2006). 56 . Galil−Nora. Germany). Leinsinger−Gerda. 3. vol. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. including major depression (MD). 302−10. Erlangen. Möller−Hans−Jürgen. Language English. The aim of this study was to examine whether a co− occurrence of MD is associated with structural changes in the amygdala of BPD patients. Jacobson−Jennie−G. Abstract BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by a high prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders. {Biol−Psychiatry}. Germany. Bethesda MD. METHODS: Twenty−five right−handed. RESULTS: Comparison of amygdala volumes between the whole group of BPD patients and control subjects revealed no significant difference. Accession number & update 16476409 Medline 20060925. Diagnoses of BPD and MD were made according to DSM IV. Schmitt−Gisela. Bethesda MD. 16. {J−Child−Adolesc− Psychopharmacol}. no. Munich. USA) Amygdala volume and depressive symptoms in patients with borderline personality disorder. 1−2. no. Meisenzahl−Eva−M. Source Biological psychiatry. Frodl−Thomas. female patients with BPD and 25 matched healthy control subjects were examined. Findling− Robert−L. ISSN: 0006−3223. Kaplan−Stuart. Ludwig−Maximilians University. USA) Fluoxetine 40−60 mg versus fluoxetine 20 mg in the treatment of children and adolescents with a less−than−complete response to nine− week treatment with fluoxetine 10−20 mg: a pilot study. Author(s) Zetzsche−Thomas. Magnetic resonance imaging scans were performed with 1. 207−17. ISSN: 1044−5463. Future studies should clarify whether amygdala enlargement is a risk factor for MD in BPD patients or a consequence of the affective disorder. Depressive symptomatology was determined with the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD). There was a significant correlation in BPD patients between left amygdala volume and depressive symptoms as measured by HAMD. vol. p. Author affiliation Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy. Author(s) Heiligenstein−John−H. p. Preuss−Ulrich−W. Nilsson−Mary−E. Seifert−Doerthe. Publication year 2006. 60.DataStar Documents (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. The software program BRAINS was applied for brain volumetry and segmentation. Source Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. Amygdala volumes in both hemispheres were significantly larger in BPD patients with MD compared with those without MD.5 T Magnetom Vision (Siemens. Brown−Eileen−B. Feb−Apr 2006. Dialog eLinks Full text available at Accession number & update 16553541 Medline 20060922. Hoog−Sharon−L. The amygdala was delineated as region of interest. Reiser−Maximilian. Born−Christine. Busner−Joan. Wagner−Karen−Dineen. CONCLUSIONS: Correlation of amygdala volume with depression in BPD patients might indicate a causal relationship.

Source 57 . no. Publication year 2006.5. ISSN: 0035−2942. Author(s) Zavitzianos−G. USA) (Fetishism and exhibitionism in women and their relations with psychopathy and kleptomania). this study phase was statistically underpowered for detecting differences between treatment groups. Accession number & update 04650059 Medline 20060922. fluoxetine 20 mg/day. Indiana 46285. Normalité ou pseudo−normalité. −1. Publication year 1972. Source Revue française de psychanalyse. After 4 weeks. Mean CDRS−R scores improved in both treatment groups (fluoxetine 40−60 mg/day. vol. p = 0. At the conclusion of this study phase.4. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Title in original lang. p. CONCLUSION: More than two thirds of patients whose dosage was increased responded within 10 weeks.DataStar Documents Author affiliation Lilly Research Laboratories. jheiligenstein@comcast. Bethesda MD. versus 5 patients (36%) on 20 mg/day (p = 0. METHODS: Patients unresponsive (less than or equal to 30% decrease in Children's Depression Rating Scale−Revised (CDRS−R) score) after 9−week fluoxetine treatment were randomly reassigned to continue at 20 mg/day or to increase to 40 mg/day. Indianapolis.099). However. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. {Rev−Fr−Psychanal}. Language English. 475−89.net. USA) (Normality or pseudonormality. Eli Lilly and Company. Economics and pathogenesis). 9−17 years of age. Language French. Le fétichisme et l'exhibitionisme chez la femme et leurs rapports avec la psychopathie et la kleptomanie. Approximately one third of patients unresponsive to initial treatment with fluoxetine 20 mg responded to this fixed dosage within another 10 weeks. Bethesda MD. suggesting dose escalation may benefit some patients. Title in original lang. Accession number & update 04650069 Medline 20060922. 10 patients (71%) on 40−60 mg/day met the response criteria.128). received fluoxetine 40−60 mg/day (n = 14) or 20 mg /day (n = 15). Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare fluoxetine dosage titration to 40−60 mg/day with fixed fluoxetine 20−mg/day treatment for an additional 10 weeks in pediatric outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who had not met protocol−defined response criteria after 9−week acute fluoxetine treatment. patients unresponsive to 40 mg/day could receive 60 mg/day. Economie et pathogénie. Fluoxetine 20−60 mg/day was well tolerated. Adverse events were similar in both groups. 3. USA. May 1972. −9. RESULTS: Twenty−nine (29) patients. 36.

{Rev−Fr−Psychanal}. Bethesda MD. Language French. USA) (Apropos of various psychotherapies of character neuroses). 34. vol. Mar 1972. ISSN: 0035−2942. 5. Title in original lang. USA) (Character perversions). Les préambules à l'interprétation−surprise. Source Revue française de psychanalyse. 36. ISSN: 0035−2942. 36. Author(s) Bergeret−J. p. Bethesda MD. no. {Rev−Fr−Psychanal}. 58 . ISSN: 0035−2942. vol. p. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Accession number & update 04103479 Medline 20060922. Title in original lang.DataStar Documents Revue française de psychanalyse. Source Revue française de psychanalyse. Language French. Language French. {Rev−Fr−Psychanal}. 2. Publication year 1970. no. Author(s) Barande−I. Title in original lang. Publication year 1972. Bethesda MD. Accession number & update 05697564 Medline 20060922. Accession number & update 05080544 Medline 20060922. Les perversions caractérielles. 857−9. Publication year 1972. Author(s) Arlow−J−A. no. vol. Sep 1970. p. USA) (Preambles to the interpretation−surprise). 3. 381−400. 207−25. May 1972. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.

all rights reserved. Language French. Zucker−Robert−A.DataStar Documents A propos de quelques psychothérapies de névroses de caractère. Publication year 2006. Fitzgerald−Hiram. Accession number & update 16866596 Medline 20060922. vol. ISSN: 0021−843X. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. Author(s) Nolen−Hoeksema−Susan. Accession number & update 16866600 Medline 20060922. Author(s) Luquet−Parat−C−J. Richell−Rebecca−A. and the women's depressive symptoms than were the men's antisociality and alcohol problems. Abstract In a sample of 202 adult women and their families. May−Jun 1968. Agency: NIAAA. family conflict mediated the effects of maternal antisociality on the women's depressive symptoms. 3. Bethesda MD. USA) Emotion at the expense of cognition: psychopathic individuals outperform controls on an operant response task. offspring behavioral problems. Susan. The women's antisociality and family conflict most strongly predicted increases in the women's depressive symptoms over time. Grant ID: R37 AA07065. {J−Abnorm−Psychol}. no. Aug 2006. Publication year 1968. p. no. 3. the authors examined the effects of their male partners' alcohol problems and antisociality. 3. and offspring behavioral problems on the women's depressive symptoms over a 3−year period. University of Michigan. the women's alcohol problems and antisociality. {Rev−Fr−Psychanal}. Blair−R−James−R. Leonard−Alan. ISSN: 0035−2942. 115. family conflict. Source Journal of abnormal psychology. USA. Source Journal of abnormal psychology. Copyright 2006 APA. p. USA) Depressive symptoms over time in women partners of men with and without alcohol problems. Acronym: AA. Source Revue française de psychanalyse. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Wong−Maria−M. 559−66. 32. Author(s) Mitchell−Derek−G−V. vol. {J−Abnorm−Psychol}. p. The women's antisociality and alcohol problems were more strongly related to family conflict. Language English. no.Nolen− Hoeksema@yale. 115. Bethesda MD. Aug 2006. 601−9. vol. ISSN: 0021−843X. Author affiliation 59 . 610−4. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. In addition.edu.

Publication year 2006. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. {J−Abnorm−Psychol}. USA) Schizotypy and sustained attention: confirming evidence from an adult community sample.nih. Results are discussed with reference to current models regarding the modulation of attention by emotion and the emotional impairment seen in individuals with psychopathy. adults with psychopathy presented with impairment on the response reversal component but not on the acquisition component of this task. Richell−Rebecca−A. in which they responded with left and right button presses to shapes that were temporally bracketed by positive. Author affiliation Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program. The comparison group showed increased response latencies if the shape was temporally bracketed by either a positive or negative emotional stimulus relative to a neutral stimulus. Results are discussed with reference to current models of the development of psychopathy. Bethesda. MD 20892. 115. ISSN: 0021−843X. National Institute of Mental Health. Language English. negative. Abstract The impact of emotional stimuli on a simple motor response task in individuals with psychopathy and comparison individuals was investigated. Accession number & update 16866594 Medline 20060922.DataStar Documents Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program. all rights reserved. 1991). 60 . Abstract The performance of adult psychopathic individuals on a novel response reversal task involving 2 reward−punishment contingencies (100−0 and 80−20) was investigated. 3. USA. Accession number & update 16866595 Medline 20060922. Language English. This selective impairment for response reversal was seen for both reward− punishment contingencies and was related to the tendency of individuals with psychopathy to be less likely to stay with a rewarded correct response to a stimulus on the subsequent presentation of that stimulus. no. Individuals with psychopathy did not show this modulation of reaction time for either positive or negative emotional stimuli. National Institute of Mental Health. Copyright 2006 APA. USA. 552−8. USA) Impaired reversal but intact acquisition: probabilistic response reversal deficits in adult individuals with psychopathy. Source Journal of abnormal psychology. Psychopathy was assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (Hare. Aug 2006. Bethesda. In line with predictions. Blair−R−James−R.gov. Bethesda MD. vol. all rights reserved. Participants were presented with the Emotional Interrupt Task. mitchelld@mail. and neutral visual images taken from the International Affective Picture System. Bethesda MD. p. Author(s) Budhani−Salima. MD 20892. Publication year 2006. Copyright 2006 APA. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.

p. p. Agency: NIMH. Eugene.DataStar Documents Source Journal of abnormal psychology. {J−Abnorm−Psychol}. Acronym: MH. Finally. Agency: NIDDK Grant ID: MH01708. On average. Aug 2006. Publication year 2006. and substance abuse problems in female adolescents. University of Oregon. Bethesda MD. 545−51. and substance abuse symptoms increased over time. Author(s) Bergida−Heather. provided support for overall sustained attention deficits as an endophenotype for schizophrenia liability. no. Stice−Eric. Author(s) Measelle−Jeffrey−R. Aug 2006. 3. Publication year 2006. USA) Developmental trajectories of co−occurring depressive. Lenzenweger−Mark−F. revealed diminished sensitivity (d'. no. Language English. sex. ISSN: 0021−843X. 115. Grant ID: MH/DK61957. NY 13902. Copyright 2006 APA. The present study assessed sustained attention performance in a large. Associations between overall CPT−IP performance and schizotypal personality disorder features. State University of New York at Binghamton. Language English. However. These data. Hogansen−Jennifer−M. eating. discriminability). all rights reserved.edu. USA. 115. and educational level. and increased random errors were related to increased reality distortion features. antisocial. substance abuse and antisocial behavior symptoms also showed prospective reciprocal relations. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. depression. normative adult community sample (N = 305) with no history of psychosis using the Continuous Performance Test−identical pairs version (CPT−IP). whereas antisocial behavior decreased. Abstract Sustained attention deficits represent one of the most robust findings in the study of schizophrenia and schizotypy. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. Abstract Growth trajectories of co−occurring symptomatology were examined in a community sample of 493 female adolescents who were followed annually from early to late adolescence. all rights reserved. Author affiliation Department of Psychology. Increases in each symptom domain were associated with relative increases in all other domains. Initial depressive and antisocial behavior symptoms predicted future increases in the other. very little is known about the nature of sustained attention performance and schizotypy in the general adult population. controlling for the effects of age. Copyright 2006 APA. Source Journal of abnormal psychology. USA. 524−38. 97401. vol. eating disorder. 3. the results suggest that the developmental covariation between depressive and eating disorder symptoms and between antisocial behavior and substance abuse symptoms was accounted for by distinct but related 2nd−order growth parameters. drawn from a general population sample. Accession number & update 16866592 Medline 20060922. 61 . vol. Acronym: DK. ISSN: 0021−843X. measelle@uoregon. {J−Abnorm−Psychol}. Initial eating disorder symptoms predicted increases in substance abuse problems. Initial depression predicted increases in eating disorder and substance abuse symptoms.

Psychopaths also showed an enlarged N2 and reduced P3 during target detection. and adult partner violence. USA) Development of personality disorder symptoms and the risk for partner violence. Hare. 115. classified as psychopathic or nonpsychopathic via the Hare Psychopathy Checklist−−Revised (R. USA) Brain potentials implicate temporal lobe abnormalities in criminal psychopaths. Abstract Psychopathy is associated with abnormalities in attention and orienting. Johnson−Jeffrey−G. Aug 2006. Cohen−Patricia. kent. Bethesda MD. Aug 2006. Author affiliation Columbia University at New York State Psychiatric Institute. B. no. Similar ERP modulations have been reported in patients with amygdala and temporal lobe damage. 3. Bethesda MD. Accession number & update 16866585 Medline 20060922. the authors recorded event−related potentials (ERPs) while 80 incarcerated men.kiehl@yale. vol. USA. USA. Cluster C (Anxious) symptoms were most stable among partner violent men.DataStar Documents (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Hartford. all rights reserved. Author(s) Kiehl−Kent−A. ISSN: 0021−843X. Author(s) Ehrensaft−Miriam−K. Hare−Robert−D. ehrensam@childpsych. {J−Abnorm−Psychol}. Publication year 2006. Abstract In a community sample (N = 543) followed over 20 years. Language English. However. compared with nonviolent men and violent women. Laurens−Kristin−R. CT 06106. all rights reserved. processing of targets elicited larger frontocentral negativities (N550) in psychopaths than in nonpsychopaths. 1991. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. Copyright 2006 APA. The data are interpreted as supporting the hypothesis that psychopathy may be related to dysfunction of the paralimbic system−−a system that includes parts of the temporal and frontal lobes. Source Journal of abnormal psychology. Bates−Alan−T. D. 115. completed an auditory oddball task. Source Journal of abnormal psychology. To address this issue. few studies have examined the neural systems underlying these processes. Cluster B (Dramatic/Erratic) symptoms were more stable through late adolescence in partner violent men. Copyright 2006 APA. Author affiliation Clinical Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory. Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center. 474−83. PD symptoms (DSM−III−R Clusters A. and C) in early adulthood partially mediated the effect of earlier childhood risks on the odds of perpetrating partner violence. 2003). Cluster A (Odd/Eccentric) symptoms declined less with age among partner violent versus nonviolent men and women. {J−Abnorm−Psychol}. p. vol. 443−53. ISSN: 0021−843X. the authors studied associations among childhood family violence exposure. NY 10032. The authors tested whether stability of PD symptoms from adolescence to the early 20s differs for individuals who later perpetrated partner violence. 3. Consistent with hypotheses. p.columbia.edu. 62 . personality disorder (PD) symptoms. Accession number & update 16866588 Medline 20060922. Liddle− Peter−F.edu. Institute of Living. no.

3. USA) 63 . p. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine.DataStar Documents Language English. 65211. Source Journal of abnormal psychology.). disorganized but not positive schizotypy was associated with increased emotional confusion and increased emotionality. all rights reserved. a 3−factor model of schizotypy exhibited good fit and fit significantly better than a 2−factor model. Author(s) Kerns−John−G. USA) Schizotypy facets. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. no. University of Missouri−− Columbia. Bethesda MD. p. 7. 418−27. Author(s) Kenedi−Chistopher−A. USA) Dialectical behavior therapy for clients with HIV. Publication year 2006. These results suggest that disorganized schizotypy is related to dysregulation of both cognition and emotion and that negative schizotypy might reflect deficits in the experience and processing of emotion and not just in emotional expression. 21. ISSN: 0021−843X. cognitive control. In addition. Publication year 2006. In a confirmatory factor analysis (N = 261). Publication year 2006. Copyright 2006 APA. Lynch−Thomas−R. {Focus}. Source Focus (San Francisco Calif. Accession number & update 16969934 Medline 20060921. Moreover. (COPYRIGHT BY National Library of Medicine. USA. Abstract This research examined whether facets of schizotypy were differentially related to cognitive control and emotion−processing traits. Language English. Accession number & update 16866583 Medline 20060922. {J−Abnorm−Psychol}. Jul 2006. Author affiliation Department of Psychological Sciences. 115. Bethesda MD. Aug 2006. In contrast. and emotion.edu. vol. prepotent inhibition). vol. only disorganized schizotypy was associated with poor cognitive control (specifically. negative schizotypy was associated with increased emotional confusion but decreased emotionality. kernsj@missouri. Language English. Bethesda MD. ISSN: 1047−0719. 1−6. no.

DE.DE. OR ANTISOCIAL−PERSONALITY− DISORDER. PERSONALITY−DISORDERS.Search Strategy No.DE. 1 2 Database MEDLINE − 1996 to date MEDLINE − 1996 to date ADULT# personality ADJ disorder PERSONALITY−DISORDERS.DE. OR BORDERLINE− PERSONALITY−DISORDER. OR SCHIZOTYPAL−PERSONALITY− DISORDER. OR ANTISOCIAL−PERSONALITY− DISORDER. Search term Info added since unrestricted 20060921 Results 1679797 223 3 MEDLINE − 1996 to date 20060921 114 4 MEDLINE − 1996 to date 20060921 103 Saved: 20−Oct−2006 12:43:14 MEST 64 . OR BORDERLINE− PERSONALITY−DISORDER.DE.MJ.DE.DE. OR SCHIZOTYPAL−PERSONALITY− DISORDER.

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