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On Style: J to Y
(taken from PDI Stylebook by Yambot and Hidalgo) JARGON (1) specialist language; (2) writing full of unfamiliar words or phrases JOURNALESE refers to reporter’s jargon LEGALESE refers to lawyer’s jargon JUVENILE people under the age of 18 KIN collective noun referring to relatives by blood; not to be used to refer to only one relative KORAN Islam’s sacred book KUDOS is a credit or praise for an achievement; singular LAST should not be used synonymously with LATEST. Use LATEST UPDATE, not last update. LAST is also not used in the story. Don’t say LAST MONDAY but MONDAY is enough. LATE (in the sense of dead) is to be used only to refer to a person who just died recently; No need to say LATE PRESIDENT MARCOS because he has been dead quite a long time ago.

Page 2 of 7 LAY is transitive, LIE is intransitive. Other notes: lie (present,) lay (past) and lain (past participle)

lay (present), laid (past) and laid (past participle) Lie
Present tense: I lie down on my bed to rest my weary bones. Past tense: Yesterday, I lay there thinking about what I had to do during the day. Past participle: But I remembered that I had lain there all morning one day last week.

Present tense: As I walk past, I lay the tools on the workbench. Past tense: As I walked past, I laid the tools on the workbench. And: I laid an egg in class when I tried to tell that joke. Past participle: . . . I had laid the tools on the workbench.

LECTERN, PODIUM, ROSTRUM, PULPIT a speaker stands at or behind a lectern, on a podium, or rostrum and in a pulpit LIKELY is used as an adjective, e.g. a likely candidate LONE is used to emphasize the fact of a subject’s isolation if he took on an entire police squad. To say lone gunman is redundant. MAJORITY is more than half of a given number or a group PLURALITY is the larger portion or greater number MEDIUM one kind of medium is medium of communication e.g . TV, radio, newspaper. MEDIA always takes plural verb. MIDNIGHT comes at the end of the day MID has no hyphen unless followed by a capitalized noun e.g. midnight, midsummer and mid-America

Page 3 of 7 MINI generally has no hyphen when used in a compound word MINUSCULE not miniscule MISHAP is a minor misfortune; People don’t get killed in mishaps, but in accidents MORE should be used more than OVER MR. Is used in second reference to the president (male) MS has no period and pertains to MISS or Mrs. MULTI in general doesn’t have hyphen when combined with another word MUSLIM and not Moslem NONE means not one OBSCENITY means “gross indecency, unchaste action, lewdness.” It refers to acts or words “offensive to one’s feelings or to prevailing notions of modesty. Also means disgusting or repulsive PROFANITY is “something which treats something sacred with irreverence or abuse; blasphemy.” Also means showing of disrespect or contempt for sacred things. VULGARITY is the “lack of refinement in conduct or speech; coarseness. Also, a state of being “crude, coarse, unrefined, or indecent.” ON is not used for time. Don’t say on Monday unless it can make the sentence confusing.

Page 4 of 7 ONLY is not used when referring to casualties. It makes the sound as if it is disappointing to know that for example, only 10 got killed. ORAL refers to spoken words VERBAL refers to all words, written or spoken OWING TO THE FACT THAT is not used; BECAUSE is enough PEOPLE may be used to refer to a large or small number of individuals. PERSON is used for singular. PERCENT is originally spelled per cent but PDI style uses it as one word. POLICE is always used as a plural noun PRESS CONFERENCE is used; not abbreviated as presscon. PRESENTLY means soon or after a short time AT PRESENT means now PRETEXT is something put forward to conceal a truth; an excuse PRETENSE is a false show intended to conceal something, such as personal feelings. Example: He was dismissed on grounds of poor health, but this reason was just a pretext for corruption. He was able to enter the off-limits area under a [false] pretenses. QUEUE should be avoided. Use line up instead.

Page 5 of 7 QUINTET is journalese for a group of five. Avoid it. QUOTATION is a noun QUOTE is a verb

RACK as a noun applies to various types of framework; as a verb, it means to torment or to torture WRACK means ruin or destruction (n) ; as a verb, it means the same with rack but RACK is preferred. NERVE-RACKING or NERVE-WRACKING are both acceptable. It means extremely irritating to one’s nerves. RADICAL refers to a person who believes change can be achieved through tearing up the roots of foundation of the present order. REARED Only human beings may be reared. Any living thing, including humans, may be RAISED. RALLYIST is not in Webster’s dictionary. Use demonstrator, protester, marcher or picket REBUT means to contradict or deny REFUTE means to prove the other party wrong RICHTER SCALE a scale of earthquake magnitude RIFLE To do this is to plunder or steal RIFFLE means to leaf through rapidly SHALL is used in the first person and WILL in the second and third, to mean plain future

Page 6 of 7 WILL is used in the first person and SHALL in the second and third, to mean volition, permission or obligation. SIC is Latin for so; This word is used in bracket or parenthesis after a word that seems odd or is wrongly spelled, to show that it is being quoted exactly as it was given. The statue (sic) is in the statue books. TAKE denotes movement away from the speaker or writer BRING denotes movement toward the speaker or writer TEENAGE is used, not teenaged THAT is used to introduce a clause that is necessary WHICH is used to introduce a clause, which, when deleted, the sentence would still be complete. THAT refers to persons or things or animals WHO or WHOM refer to persons only THERE ARE and THERE IS should not be used at the beginning TRIO is journalese for a group of 3. Must be avoided, unless referring to musicians TRIGGER must not be overused; Use cause, produce, signal, start, or begin instead. TROOP is a group of people, usually soldiers or animals TROOPS means several groups but may e used simply to indicate a large number TROUPE refers to a group of entertainers. V. is used in court VS. is used in sports

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