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# 4 UNDERSTANDING SKILL [4 marks]

## 1 Explain how you would estimate the focal length 1 ……………………………………………………………

of a convex lens in your school laboratory. ……………………………………………………………
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…………………………………………………………… 5 Explain why a piece of paper burns when placed
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6 Explain why someone who is sweating feels cool
when he is under a rotating fan.
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Diagram shows the pattern of magnetic field formed
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when current flows in a coil. Explain why the magnetic ……………………………………………………………
field strength is greater at the center compared to the
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edge. ……………………………………………………………
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…………………………………………………………… 7 Diagram shows a cross-sectional of a wing of a
2 …………………………………………………………… moving aeroplane. The wing of the aeroplane
…………………………………………………………… experiences a lift force. Explain why the lift force
acts on the wing of the aeroplane.
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3 Using kinetic theory of gasses, explain how the
pressure increase when the temperature increase.
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…………………………………………………………… 8 Explain why a balloon filled with helium gas rises
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4 Most of our electric energy comes from
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hydroelectric power stations and thermal power ……………………………………………………………
station. These power stations are connected by
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cables to transmit electricity to users in industries, ……………………………………………………………
offices, schools and houses. This system is called
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the national grid network. Explain briefly the ……………………………………………………………
importance of the national grid network system in
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distributing electric energy to the users. ……………………………………………………………

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9 Diagram shows a simple direct current electric same height. Diagram (b) shows the state of the
motor. plasticine balls when they hit the wood and the
sponge. It was observed that the plasticine stopped
more quickly when it hit the wood.

## Using the concept of the magnetic effect of an electric

current, explain with the aid of diagrams how forces
are produced on a wire in the coil, as shown in the
diagram above. Diagram (a) Diagram (b)
[4 marks] Explain the changes in energy that occur from the
1 …………………………………………………………… moment the plasticine ball is released untill reaches
…………………………………………………………… the position in Diagram (b)
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## 13 Diagram shows the brake system of a car.

Exlplain how the system operates when the car needs
to slow down.

## Diagram shows the toothpaste flows out of it’s tube

while squeezing at the bottom end. Explain how the
toothpaste flows out and name a physics principle
related to it.
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11 State how a liquid-glass thermometer can be used
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o measure the body temperature of a sick person. ……………………………………………………………
Explain heat transfer that takes place at each
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stage of measurement. ……………………………………………………………
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## 12 Diagram (a) shows two identical spherical

plasticine balls before being released from the

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While driving a car on a hot day, you may see a mirage Explain why the copper block sink in water but the
on the road. Explain how mirage occurred. bowl shape copper sheet floats on water.
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15 Diagram shows a direct current generator. 18 Radioisotope Strontium-90 is used to measure the
thickness of paper in a paper industry. Explain
how Strontium-90 is used to measure the
thickness piece of paper?
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19 Explain how the forces between the molecules
caused the elasticity when the spring is
compressed and stretched.
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Explain how the above generator works to produce
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direct current.
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20 Explain the working principle of a transformer.
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16 Explain why the bulb connected to two dry cells
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lights up brighter than one bulb connected to one
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dry cell.
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21 Using the principle of conservation of momentum,
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explain the working principle of the rocket.
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17 Diagram shows a copper block and a bowl shape
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copper sheet of same mass.
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22 We cannot use a cooling system of a refrigerator to
cool the hot room. Explain why?
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2 …………………………………………………………… explain how a doctor can check his patient
…………………………………………………………… temperature during medical treatment.
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23 Diagram shows a ray of light directed ……………………………………………………………
perpendicularly at a side of the semi circular glass 3 ……………………………………………………………
block. The ray passes through the glass block to a ……………………………………………………………
point O before leaving the glass block. The angle of 4 ……………………………………………………………
incidence in the glass block is 30°. ……………………………………………………………

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Explain how total internal reflection occurs in diagram …………………………………………………………………
above? …………………………………………………………………
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24 Explain why strong double-glazed glass is used as …………………………………………………………………
walls of the observation tower in an airport. …………………………………………………………………
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25 The following equation shows a fission reaction of …………………………………………………………………
Uranium-235. …………………………………………………………………
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Nuclear fission produces a chain reaction. Describe …………………………………………………………………
how the chain reaction occurs in a nuclear fission of an …………………………………………………………………
atom of Uranium- 235. …………………………………………………………………
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26 According to the principle of thermal equilibrium …………………………………………………………………
and the working principle of a thermometer,

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