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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education 2018; 3(2): 1017-1019

ISSN: 2456-0057
IJPNPE 2018; 3(2): 1017-1019
© 2018 IJPNPE Analysis of anthropometric peculiarities among fast
www.journalofsports.com
Received: 07-05-2018
and spin bowlers in the cricket academy of Tamil Nadu
Accepted: 09-06-2018
cricket association
K Govindasamy
Research Scholar,
Department of Physical K Govindasamy, P Thangamuthu, Dr. J Anitha, Dr. C Lakshmanan and
Education, Tamil Nadu Physical M Marithangam
Education and Sports
University, Chennai,
Tamil Nadu, India DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/journalofsport.2018.v3.i2v.17
P Thangamuthu
Abstract
Director of Physical Education
Subbalakshmi Lakshmipathy The purpose of the study was to find out the analysis an anthropometric peculiarities among fast and spin
College of Science Madurai, bowlers in the academies of Tamil Nadu Cricket Association. In order to achieve these purpose 30
Tamil Nadu, India YMCA cricket academy players were taken as subject from Chennai. The selected subjects were in the
age group of 16 to 23 years. The subject (N=30) were randomly assigned to two equal groups of fifteen
Dr. J Anitha subjects each. The groups were assigned as Spin Bowler Group and Fast Bowler Group in an equivalent
Assistant Professor, manner. All the thirty subjects were tested on their anthropometric variables name such as height, weight,
Department of Statistics and arm girth relaxed, arm girth flexed, waist girth and calf girth. The difference in the mean of each group
Computer Application, Tamil for selected variable was tested by independent ‘t’ test SPSS software was used for analysis of the data.
Nadu Physical Education and The level of significance was fixed at 0.05. Analysis of data revealed that the difference between spin
Sports University, Chennai, bowler group and fast bowler group for arm girth relax, arm girth flexed and calf girth anthropometric are
Tamil Nadu, India not significant. The data does indicated that the difference between spin bowler group and fast bowler
group for anthropometric variables height, weight and waist girth are significant.
Dr. C Lakshmanan
Assistant Professor,
Department of Physical Keywords: Anthropometric, girth measurement, spin bowler, fast bowler, cricket players
Education, Tamil Nadu Physical
Education and Sports Introduction
University, Chennai, Cricket is one of the best and favorite games for everyone, from children to their grandparents.
Tamil Nadu, India It has been the most entertaining game since long years back. Cricket can be played both
M Marithangam
socially and competitively, by males and females of all ages. While competitive Cricket is
Director of Physical Education mostly played on a pitch on an oval field, Cricket just for fun can be played in backyards,
RL Institute of Nautical Sciences parks, streets or on the beach. For millions of cricket fans it’s their world, their home.
Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
Fast Bowlers Characteristics
The common principles for good bowling are correct grip, smooth and economical run-up,
well balanced delivery action making full use of height and body, fluent follow through action.
The importance of bowling reflects on the results. The team that is not good in bowling will
have a lesser chance of winning the match. The following are different types of bowling
namely inswing, outswing, in cutter.
Fast bowlers, some times known as pace bowlers, is one of the two main approaches to
bowlers in bowling the sport of cricket. Practitioners are usually known as fast bowlers fast
men, pace bowlers, although some times the label refers to the specific fast bowling technique
the bowler prefers, such as swing bowlers or seam bowler.
Correspondence Fast bowling success is greatly influenced by the way the ball is delivered. Perhaps the main
K Govindasamy
Research Scholar,
objective of the teacher or cricket coach should be to develop a ‘good technique’ in young fast
Department of Physical bowlers. Thus, a thorough understanding of all the components of ‘good technique’ in the
Education, Tamil Nadu Physical bowling action is necessary. Then, the underlining personal characteristics and flair of the
Education and Sports young bowler, together with the proper mechanics of fast bowling, can be integrated to
University, Chennai, develop techniques which suit that particular individual. In this chapter, the bowling action is.
Tamil Nadu, India
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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

divided into a number of different sections to dissect the To achieve the purpose of the study fifteen fast bowlers and
mechanical features of fast bowling fifteen spin bowlers will be selected from YMCA cricket
academy, Chennai weekly two days Saturday and Sunday.
Spin Bowlers Characteristics The age of the subjects ranged from 18 to 23 years.
Leg cutter, off spin, leg spin, googly, top spin, reverse swing, Anthropometric measurements (level 1) suggested by
slower and chinaman. The main aim of spin bowling is to International society of the Advancement of
bowl the cricket ball with rapid rotation so that when it Kinanthropometry (ISAK) were selected as variables.
bounces on the pitch it will deviate from its normal straight
path, thus making it difficult for the batsman to hit the ball Table 1: Selection of Variables and Selection of Test Items
cleanly. The speed the ball travels is not critical, and is Variables Test Unit Of Measurement
significantly slower than that for fast bowling. A typical spin 1 Weight Kilogram
delivery has a speed in the range 70–90 km/h (45–55 mph). 2 Height Centimeter
Spin bowling is divided into four different categories, 3 Arm girth Centimeter
depending on the particular physical technique used. There is Anthropometric 4 relaxed Centimeter
virtually no overlap between the two basic biomechanical measurement 5 Arm girth Centimeter
techniques of wrist spin and finger spin. Off break –Right- 6 flexed Centimeter
handed with finger spin technique. Left arm orthodox spin – 7 Waist girth
Left-handed with finger spin technique. Leg break – Right- 8 Calf girth
handed with wrist spin technique. Left-arm unorthodox spin –
Left-handed with wrist spin technique. Depending on Statistical analysis
technique, a spin bowler uses either predominant wrist or Independent t-test data was used to assess the between group
finger motion to impart spin to the ball around a horizontal differences. The level of p≤0.05 was considered significant.
axis that is at an oblique angle to the length of the pitch. This
sort of spin means it is also possible for the Magnus effect to Table 2: Significance of Difference between Mean Scores and
cause the ball to deviate sideways through the air, before it Standard Deviations and Obtained ‘T’ Value of Fast And Spin
bounces. Such deviation is called drift. The combination of Bowlers on Their Anthropometric VARIABLE Weight Presented In
Table
drift and spin can make the ball's trajectory complex, with a
change of direction at the bounce. This variety of trajectories Group Mean SD Mean Difference t-Value
achievable by a spin bowler can bewilder inexperienced or Spin Bowler 62.06 ±6.58
6.33 3.201*
poor batsmen. Fast Bowler 55.73 ±3.95
Spin bowlers are generally given the task of bowling with an Significant at 0.05 level (28 degrees of freedom 2.048)
old, worn cricket ball. A new cricket ball better suits the
techniques of fast bowling than spin bowling, while a worn It is observed from the table-2 that mean value of spin bowler
one grips the pitch better and achieves greater spin. Spin group and fast bowler group for weight was 62.06 and 55.73
bowlers are also more effective later in a game, as the pitch respectively, whereas the standard deviation (SD) was ±6.58
dries up and begins to crack and crumble. This again provides and ±3.95. The critical value of ‘t’ at 95% probability level is
more purchase for the spinning ball and produces greater higher (6.33) than observed value of ‘t’ (3.201). The data does
deviation. indicated that the difference between spin bowler group and
fast bowler group for weight are significant.
Materials and methods

Table 3: Significance of Difference between Mean Scores and Standard Deviations and Obtained ‘T’ Value of Fast And Spin Bowlers on Their
Anthropometric Variable Height Presented In Table
Group Mean SD Mean Difference t-Value
Spin Bowler 1.566 ±2.58
6.93 6.338
Fast Bowler 1.635 ±3.35
Significant at 0.05 level (28 degrees of freedom 2.048)

It is observed from the table-3 that mean value of spin bowler It is observed from the table-4 that mean value of spin bowler
group and fast bowler group for height was 1.566 and 1.635 group and fast bowler group for arm girth relax was 27.16 and
respectively, whereas the standard deviation (SD) was ±2.58 27.56 respectively, whereas the standard deviation (SD) was
and ±3.35. The critical value of ‘t’ at 95% probability level is ±2.13 and ±1.97. The critical value of ‘t’ at 95% probability
higher (6.93) than observed value of ‘t’ (6.338). The data does level is higher (0.39) than observed value of ‘t’ (0.523). The
indicated that the difference between spin bowler group and data does indicated that the difference between spin bowler
fast bowler group for height are significant. group and fast bowler group for arm girth relax not
significant.
Table 4: Significance of Difference between Mean Scores and
Standard Deviations and Obtained ‘T’ Value of Fast And Spin Table 5: Significance of Difference between Mean Scores and
Bowlers on Their Anthropometric Variable Arm Girth Relax Standard Deviations and Obtained ‘T’ Value of Fast and Spin
Presented In Table Bowlers on Their Anthropometric Variable Arm Girth Flexed
Presented In Table
Group Mean SD Mean Difference t-Value
Spin Bowler 27.16 ±2.13 Group Mean SD Mean Difference t-Value
0.39 0.523
Fast Bowler 27.56 ±1.97 Spin Bowler 29.05 ±2.34
0.42 0.552
Significant at 0.05 level (28 degrees of freedom 2.048) Fast Bowler 29.47 ±1.77
Significant at 0.05 level (28 degrees of freedom 2.048)

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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

groups, sex and different sports and games.


It is observed from the table-5 that mean value of spin bowler
group and fast bowler group for arm girth flexed was 29.05 References
and 29.47 respectively, whereas the standard deviation (SD) 1. Barry L. Johnson Practical Measurements for Evaluation
was ±2.34 and ±1.77. The critical value of ‘t’ at 95% in Physical Education. Delhi, 1988.
probability level is higher (0.42) than observed value of ‘t’ 2. Bruce Elliott, Daryl Foster, Brian Blanksby. The Science
(0.552). The data does indicated that the difference between of Fast Bowling- Sent The Stumps Flying, Mumbai,
spin bowler group and fast bowler group for arm girth flexed 1989.
not significant. 3. Clarke. Application of measurement & physical
education (10th edition) London: Prentrichall, 1987.
Table 6: Significance of Difference between Mean Scores and 4. ISAK. International Standards for Anthropometric
Standard Deviations and Obtained ‘T’ Value of Fast And Spin Assessment by the international society for advancement
Bowlers on Their Anthropometric Variable Waist Girth Presented In of kinanthropometry, 2014.
Table 5. Jamesh R, Morrow JR. Allen W. Jackson.,etc.
Group Mean SD Mean Difference t-Value Measurement And Evaluation In Human Performance,
Spin Bowler 74.62 ±4.15 United States of America, 2005.
5.03
Fast Bowler 79.65 ±5.65 2.780* 6. Sir Donald Bradman. The Art of Cricket, Published by
Significant at 0.05 level (28 degrees of freedom 2.048) Hodder and Stoughton. By D. Mehra, Rupa. Calcutta,
1979.
It is observed from the table-6 that mean value of spin bowler 7. Sodhi HS. Sports anthropometry, Mohali, Anova
group and fast bowler group for waist girth was 74.62 and Publication, 1991.
79.65 respectively, whereas the standard deviation (SD) was
±4.15 and ±5.65. The critical value of ‘t’ at 95% probability
level is higher (5.03) than observed value of ‘t’ (2.780*). The
data does indicated that the difference between spin bowler
group and fast bowler group for waist girth not significant.

Table 7: Significance of Difference between Mean Scores and


Standard Deviations and Obtained ‘T’ Value of Fast And Spin
Bowlers on Their Anthropometric Variable Calf Girth Presented In
Table
Group Mean SD Mean Difference t-Value
Spin Bowler 35.28 ±2.10
0.28 0.405
Fast Bowler 35.56 ±1.55
Significant at 0.05 level (28 degrees of freedom 2.048)

It is observed from the table-7 that mean value of spin bowler


group and fast bowler group for calf girth was 35.28 and
35.56 respectively, whereas the standard deviation (SD) was
±2.10 and ±1.55. The critical value of ‘t’ at 95% probability
level is higher (0.28) than observed value of ‘t’ (0.405). The
data does indicated that the difference between spin bowler
group and fast bowler group for calf girth not significant.

Conclusion
1. It was observed from the anthropometric variables
finding that there was no significant different between the
spin bowlers and fast bowlers on arm girth flexed, arm
girth relaxed and calf girth.
2. It was observed from the anthropometric variable finding
that, there was a significant different between spin
bowlers and fast bowlers on height, weight and waist
girth.

Recommendations
In this course of study the investigator faced several problems
and therefore the following recommendations are made for
further investigation.
1. Anthropometric measurements provide an important role
in identification of sports talents.
2. Anthropometric peculiarities can be recommended for
other sports and games.
3. Research may be conducted to see weather the longer
periods of analysis was more effect.
4. This study may be conducted on subjects of different age

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