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2016-Chemistry

56/1/E
1. çِ٠×ð´ âð ·¤æñÙ ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ SN1 Âý·¤æÚU ·¤è ãñ?

(i)

(ii)

Which of the following reactions is SN1 type ?

(i)

(ii)

2. ·¤æðÜæ§ÇUè âæòËâ ·¤è çSÍÚUÌæ ·ð¤ çÜ° ×éØ ·¤æÚU‡æ çÜç¹°Ð

Write the main reason for the stability of colloidal sols.

3. âæ´Îý H2SO4·¤æð ·¤æòÂÚU ¹ÚUæÎÙ ·ð¤ âæÍ »×ü ·¤ÚUÙð ÂÚU °·¤ Ìè¹è »´Ï ßæÜè Ú´U»ãèÙ »ñâ
çÙ·¤ÜÌè ãñ Áæ𠥐ÜèØ KMnO4 çßÜØÙ ·¤æð Ú´U»ãèÙ ·¤ÚU ÎðÌè ãñÐ »ñâ ·¤è Âã¿æÙ ·¤èçÁ°ÐU

On heating Copper turnings with conc. H2SO4, a colourless gas with pungent
smell is evolved which decolourises acidified KMnO4 solution. Identify the gas.

56/1/E 3 P.T.O.
4. ØçÎ ßñÜð´â Õñ‡ÇU ¥æñÚU ¿æÜ·¤Ìæ Õñ‡ÇU ·ð¤ Õè¿ ·¤æð§ü ª¤Áæü ¥´ÌÚUæÜ Ù ãæð Ìæð ÆUæðâ ·¤è Âý·ë¤çÌ €Øæ
ãæð»è?
What would be the nature of solid if there is no energy gap between valence
band and conduction band ?

5. çÎØð »Øð Øæñç»·¤ ·¤æ ¥æ§ü.Øê.Âè.°.âè. Ùæ× çÜç¹° Ñ

Write the IUPAC name of the given compound :

6. ÚUæ©ËÅU çÙØ× âð ÏÙæˆ×·¤ çß¿ÜÙ ¥æñÚU «¤‡ææˆ×·¤ çß¿ÜÙ çιÜæÙð ßæÜð çßÜØÙæð´ ·ð¤ Õè¿
Îæð ¥´ÌÚUæð´ ·¤æð çÜç¹°Ð
Write two differences between a solution showing positive deviation and a
solution showing negative deviation from Raoult’s law.

7. çِ٠¥‡æé¥æð´ ·¤è â´ÚU¿Ùæ°¡ çÜç¹° Ñ


(i) H2S2O8

(ii) XeF6

Write the structures of the following molecules :

(i) H2S2O8
(ii) XeF6

56/1/E 4
8. C4H8O ¥‡æéâê˜æ ßæÜæ °·¤ ¥æ»ñüçÙ·¤ Øæñç»·¤ ‘X’ ¥çÖ·¤æÚU·¤ 2,4-DNP ·ð¤ âæÍ ÙæÚ´U»è-ÜæÜ
·¤æ ¥ßÿæð ÎðÌæ ãñÐ Øã ÅUæòÜðÙ ¥çÖ·¤æÚU·¤ ·¤æð ¥Â¿çØÌ Ùãè´ ·¤ÚUÌæ Üðç·¤Ù NaOI ·ð¤ âæÍ
»×ü ·¤ÚUÙð ÂÚU ¥æØÇUæðȤæ×ü ·¤æ ÂèÜæ ¥ßÿæð ÎðÌæ ãñÐ LiAlH4¤·ð¤ âæÍ ¥Â¿çØÌ ãæð·¤ÚU
Øæñç»·¤ X °·¤ Øæñç»·¤ Y ÎðÌæ ãñ Áæð â´æÎý H2SO4 ·ð¤ âæÍ »×ü ·¤ÚUÙð ÂÚU çÙÁüÜè ãæð ÁæÌæ ãñ
¥æñÚU ŽØéÅU-2-§üÙ ÕÙæÌæ ãñÐ X ¥æñÚU Y Øæñç»·¤æð´ ·¤è Âã¿æÙ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

An organic compound ‘X’ having molecular formula C4H8O gives orange-red


ppt. with 2,4-DNP reagent. It does not reduce tollens’ reagent but gives yellow
ppt. of iodoform on heating with NaOI. Compound X on reduction with LiAlH4
gives compound ‘Y’ which undergoes dehydration reaction on heating with
conc. H2SO4 to form But-2-ene. Identify the compounds X and Y.

9. ÁÕ °·¤ ©Ââãâ´ØæðÁÙ Øæñç»·¤ PtCl4.6NH3 ·¤æð AgNO3 ·ð¤ âæÍ ç×ÜæØæ ÁæÌæ ãñ ÌÕ
Øæñç»·¤ ·ð¤ ÂýçÌ ×æðÜ ÂÚU AgCl ·ð 4 ×æðÜ ¥ßÿæðçÂÌ ãæðÌð ã´ñÐ çÜç¹° Ñ

(i) ·¤æŒÜð€â ·¤è â´ÚU¿Ùæˆ×·¤ âê˜æ

(ii) ·¤æŒÜð€â ·¤æ ¥æ§ü.Øê.Âè.°.âè. Ùæ×

When a coordination compound PtCl4.6NH3 is mixed with AgNO3, 4 moles of


AgCl are precipitated per mole of the compound ? Write :

(i) Structural formula of the complex

(ii) IUPAC name of the complex

3
10. çιÜ槰 ç·¤ °·¤ ÂýÍ× ·¤æðçÅU ·¤è ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ ·ð¤ 4
ßæ¡ Öæ» Âê‡æü ãæðÙð ×ð´ Áæð â×Ø Ü»Ìæ ãñ
ßã ©â·¤è ¥Ïü-¥æØé (t½) ·¤æ Îé»éÙæ ãæðÌæ ãñÐ

¥Íßæ

°·¤ ÁèÚUæð ¥æÇüUÚU ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ ·ð¤ ÎÚU çSÍÚUæ´·¤ ·ð¤ çÜØð â×æ·¤çÜÌ ÎÚU â×è·¤ÚU‡æ ·¤æð ÃØéˆÂóæ
·¤èçÁ°Ð

56/1/E 5 P.T.O.
3
Show that the time required for completion of th of reaction of first order is
4
twice that of half-life (t½) of the reaction.
OR
Derive integrated rate equation for rate constant of a zero order reaction.

11. °·¤ Ìˆß b.c.c ÁæÜ·¤ ×ð´ ç·ý¤SÅUçÜÌ ãæðÌæ ãñ çÁâ·ð¤ âðÜ ·¤æ ç·¤ÙæÚUæ 400 pm ãñÐ ØçÎ §â
Ìˆß ·ð¤ 250 g ×ð´ 2.531024 ÂÚU×æ‡æé ãæð´ Ìæð §â·ð¤ ƒæÙˆß ·¤æ ÂçÚU·¤ÜÙ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
An element crystallizes in a b.c.c lattice with cell edge of 400 pm. Calculate
the density if 250 g of this element contain 2.531024 atoms ?

12. ·¤æÚU‡æ ÎèçÁ° Ñ


(i) °ðçËÇUãæ§ÇUæð´ ¥æñÚU ·¤èÅUæðÙæð´ ·ð¤ a-ãæ§ÇþUæðÁÙ ÂÚU×æ‡æé¥æð´ ·¤è Âý·ë¤çÌ ¥ÜèØ ãæðÌè ãñ´Ð
(ii) °ðçËÇUãæ§ÇUæð´ ·¤æ ©Â¿ØÙ ·¤èÅUæðÙæ𴠷𤠩¿ØÙ âð âÚUÜ ãæðÌæ ãñÐ
(iii) CH25CH2COOH ¥Âðÿææ·ë¤Ì CH3CH22COOH âð ¥çÏ·¤ ¥ÜèØ ãñÐ
Give reasons :
(i) The a-hydrogen atoms of aldehydes and ketones are acidic in nature.
(ii) Oxidation of aldehydes is easier than ketones.
(iii) CH25CH2COOH is more acidic than CH3CH22COOH.

13. ÂýÍ× ·¤æðçÅU ©c×èØ ç߃æÅUÙ ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ ·ð¤ çÜØð çِ٠¥æ¡·¤Ç¸ð Âýæ# ãé° Ñ
C2H5Cl(g) ® C2H4(g) 1 HCl(g)

â×Ø/âð·´¤ÇU ·é¤Ü ÎæÕ/ÂÚU×æ‡æé


0 0.30
300 0.50

ÎÚU çSÍÚUæ´·¤ ·¤æð ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð


(çÎØæ »Øæ Ñ log 250.301, log 350.4771, log 450.6021)

56/1/E 6
For the first order thermal decomposition reaction, the following data were
obtained :
C2H5Cl(g) ® C2H4(g) 1 HCl(g)
Time / sec Total pressure / atm
0 0.30
300 0.50
Calculate the rate constant.
(Given : log 250.301 log 350.4771 log 450.6021)

14. çِ٠ÂÎæð´ ·¤æð ÂçÚUÖæçáÌ ·¤èçÁ° Ñ


(i) ÂðŒÅUè·¤ÚU‡æ
(ii) ÁèÅUæ çßÖß
(iii) Õýæ©çÙØÙ ×êß×ð´ÅU
Define the following terms :
(i) Peptization
(ii) Zeta potential

(iii) Brownian movement

15. §Ù·¤æð â×ÍüÙ ÎðÙð ßæÜð çâhæ‹Ìæð´ ·¤æð çÜç¹° Ñ


(i) ßæc ÂýæßSÍæ ÂçÚUc·¤ÚU‡æ
(ii) ·ý¤æð×ñÅUæð»ýæȤè
(iii) Ûææ» ŒÜßÙ Âý·ý¤×
Write the principle behind the following :
(i) Vapour phase refining
(ii) Chromatography
(iii) Froth floatation process

56/1/E 7 P.T.O.
16. 100 g ÁÜ ×ð´ ÁÕ CaCl2 (M5111 g mol21) ·¤æ 3 g ƒæéÜæ ãæð Ìæð çßÜØÙ ·¤æ çã×æ´·¤
ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ ·¤èçÁ°, Øã ×æÙ·¤ÚU ¿çÜ° ç·¤ CaCl2 ·¤æ Âê‡æüM¤Â âð ¥æØÙè·¤ÚU‡æ ãæðÌæ ãñÐ
(Kf ÁÜ ·ð¤ çÜ° 5 1.86 K kg mol21)
Calculate the freezing point of a solution when 3 g of CaCl2 (M5111 g mol21)
was dissolved in 100 g of water, assuming CaCl2 undergoes complete ionization.
(Kf for water 5 1.86 K kg mol21)

17. ·¤æÚU‡æ ÕÌÜ槰 Ñ


(i) âÈð¤Î ȤæòâȤæðÚUâ ·¤è ¥Âðÿææ ÜæÜ È¤æòâȤæðÚUâ ·¤× ç·ý¤ØæàæèÜ ãñÐ
(ii) ¥æ€âèÁÙ ·¤è ¥Âðÿææ âËȤÚU ×ð´ oë´¹ÜÙ ·¤è Âýßëçžæ ¥çÏ·¤ ãñÐ
(iii) ClF3 ÁæÙè ÁæÌè ãñ ÂÚU‹Ìé FCl3 Ùãè´ ÁæÙè ÁæÌè ãñÐ
Give reasons :

(i) Red phosphorus is less reactive than white phosphorus.


(ii) Sulphur shows greater tendency for catenation than oxygen.
(iii) ClF3 is known but FCl3 is not known.

18. çِ٠¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ¥æð´ ·¤æð Âê‡æü ·¤èçÁ° Ñ

(i) C6 H52COOH
NH3
 
 c‰¼Ë → B 
→ A 
Br2 / KOH
→C

Fe/HCl NaNO21HCl CuCN


(ii) C6H5 NO2  → A → B → C
273 - 278K

Complete the following reactions :

NH3 heat Br2 / KOH


(i) C6 H52COOH  → A → B  →C

Fe/HCl NaNO21HCl CuCN


(ii) C6H5 NO2  → A → B → C
273 - 278K

56/1/E 8
19. çِ٠·ð¤ °·¤Ü·¤æð´ ·¤æ Ùæ× ¥æñÚU ©Ù·¤è â´ÚU¿Ùæ¥æð´ ·¤æð çÜç¹° Ñ
(i) ÕêÙæ-S
(ii) ÅUðÚUèÜèÙ
(iii) ÙæØÜæÙ-6
Write the name of monomers and their structures in the following :

(i) Buna-S

(ii) Terylene

(iii) Nylon-6

20. (i) Üñ€ÅUæðâ ·ð¤ ÁÜ ¥ÂƒæÅUÙ âð Âýæ# ×æðÙæðâñ·¤ÚUæ§ÇUæð´ ·ð¤ Ùæ× çÜç¹°Ð
(ii) a-ãðç܀⠷¤è çSÍÚUÌæ ·ð¤ çÜØð ç·¤â Âý·¤æÚU ·¤æ ¥æÕ‹Ï çÁ×ðÎæÚU ãñ?
(iii) ‹Øêç€Ü¥æðÅUæ§ÇU ¥æñÚU ‹Øêç€Ü¥æâæ§ÇU ·ð¤ Õè¿ ¥´ÌÚU ·¤æð çÜç¹°Ð
(i) Write the name of monosaccharides which are obtained after the
hydrolysis of Lactose.

(ii) What type of bonding is responsible for the stability of a-helix ?

(iii) Write the difference between Nucleotide and Nucleoside.

21. (a) ·¤æŒÜð€â [CoF6]32·ð¤ çÜ° â´·¤ÚU‡æ Âý·¤æÚU, ¿éÕ·¤èØ ÃØßãæÚU ¥æñÚU çSÂÙ ·¤æ SßÖæß
çÜç¹°Ð (Â.â´. Co527)
(b) ·¤æŒÜð€â [Co(en)3]31 €Øæð´ ¥çÏ·¤ SÍæØè ãñ ¥Âðÿææ·ë¤Ì [CoF6]32 ·ð¤

(a) For the complex [CoF6]32, write the hybridization type, magnetic
character and spin nature of the complex. (At.number : Co527)

(b) Why is the complex [Co(en) 3 ] 31 more stable than the complex
[CoF6]32 ?

56/1/E 9 P.T.O.
22. çِ٠·¤æð ¥æ ·ñ¤âð M¤Âæ´ÌçÚUÌ ·¤Úð´U»ð?

(i) €ÜæðÚUæðÕð‹ÁèÙ ·¤æð ÅUæÜé§üÙ ×ð´

(ii) ŽØéÅU-1-§üÙ ·¤æð ŽØéÅU-2-§üÙ ×ð´

(iii) °ÍñÙæòÜ ·¤æð °çÍÜ ¥æØæðÇUæ§ÇU ×ð´

¥Íßæ

€Øæ ãæðÌæ ãñ ÁÕ Ñ

(i) °ðË·¤æðãÜè KOH ·ð¤ âæÍ n-ŽØéçÅUÜ €ÜæðÚUæ§ÇU ·¤æð ©Â¿æçÚUÌ ç·¤Øæ ÁæÌæ ãñ?

(ii) âê¹ð §üÍÚU ·¤è ©ÂçSÍçÌ ×ð´ âæðçÇUØ× ·ð¤ âæÍ 2-€ÜæðÚUæðÂýæðÂðÙ ·¤æð ©Â¿æçÚUÌ ç·¤Øæ ÁæÌæ ãñ?

(iii) çÙÁüÜ AlCl3 ·¤è ©ÂçSÍçÌ ×ð´ CH3Cl ·ð¤ âæÍ €ÜæðÚUæðÕð‹ÁèÙ ·¤æð ©Â¿æçÚUÌ ç·¤Øæ ÁæÌæ
ãñÐ

©ÂÚUæð€Ì ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ¥æð´ âð â´Õ´çÏÌ ÚUæâæØçÙ·¤ â×è·¤ÚU‡ææð´ ·¤æð çÜç¹°Ð


How do you convert :

(i) Chlorobenzene to toluene

(ii) But-1-ene to But-2-ene

(iii) Ethanol to Ethyl iodide

OR

What happens when :

(i) n-butyl chloride is treated with alcoholic KOH.

(ii) 2-chloropropane is treated with sodium in the presence of dry ether.

(iii) Chlorobenzene is treated with CH3Cl in the presence of anhydrous AlCl3.

Write the chemical equations involved in the above reactions.

56/1/E 10
23. ¥ˆØ‹Ì ÃØSÌÌæ ·ð¤ ·¤æÚU‡æ ç×. çâ´ã Ùð ÎæðÂãÚU ·ð¤ ¹æÙð ·ð¤ â×Ø âǸæ ãé¥æ ÖæðÁÙ ÜðÙð Ü»ð ¥æñÚU
ÏèÚðU ÏèÚð ¥ÂÙð ÿæð˜æ ×ð´ ©žæ× ·¤æØü ·¤ÚUÙð ×ð´ Âýçâçh ÂýæŒÌ ·¤ÚU ÜèÐ °·¤ çÎÙ ©Ù·¤è ÀUæÌè ×ð´
ÌðÁ ÎÎü ãæðÙð Ü»æ ¥æñÚU ßð ç»ÚU ÂǸðÐ ©Ù·ð¤ çטæ ç×.¹óææ ©‹ãð´ ÇUæò€ÅUÚU ·ð¤ Âæâ Üð »ØðÐ ÇUæò€ÅUÚU
Ùð Áæ¡¿ ·ð¤ ÕæÎ ÂæØæ ç·¤ ß𠥐ÜÌæ âð »ýçâÌ Íð ¥æñÚU ©‹ãð´ ·é¤ÀU Îßæ§Øæ¡ ÜðÙð ·¤è âÜæã Îè
âæÍ ãè ©‹ã𴠃æÚU ·¤æ ÕÙæ ÖæðÁÙ ¹æÙð, Øæð»æâÙ ¥æñÚU ·é¤ÀU àææÚUèçÚU·¤ ÃØæØæ× ·¤ÚUÙð ·¤è âÜæã
ÎèÐ ç×.çâ´ã ¥ÂÙð ç×˜æ ·¤è âÜæã ×æÙ·¤ÚU Îð¹æ ç·¤ ÍæðǸð ãè çÎÙæð´ ×ð´ ßð SßSÍ ×ãâêâ ·¤ÚUÙð
Ü»ðÐ
©ÂÚUæðQ¤ ÂñâðÁ ·¤æð Âɸ·¤ÚU çِ٠·ð¤ ©žæÚU ÎèçÁ° Ñ
(i) ç×.¹óææ mæÚUæ ÕÌæ° »° ×êËØæð´ (·¤× âð ·¤× 2) ·¤æð çÜç¹°Ð
(ii) °ð‹ÅUæ°ðçâÇU €Øæ ãñ? °·¤ ©ÎæãÚU‡æ ÎèçÁ°Ð
(iii) €Øæ °ð‹ÅUæ°ðçâÇU ÕãéÌ çÎÙæð´ Ì·¤ ÜðÙæ ÆUè·¤ ãñ? ·¤æÚU‡æ ÎèçÁ°Ð
Due to hectic and busy schedule, Mr.Singh started taking junk food in the lunch
break and slowly became habitual of eating food irregularly to excel in his field.
One day during meeting he felt severe chest pain and fell down.
Mr. Khanna, a close friend of Mr.Singh, took him to doctor immediately. The
doctor diagnosed that Mr.Singh was suffering from acidity and prescribed some
medicines. Mr.Khanna advised him to eat home made food and change his
lifestyle by doing Yoga, meditation and some physical exercise. Mr.Singh
followed his friend’s advice and after few days he started feeling better.
After reading the above passage, answer the following :
(i) What are the values (at least two) displayed by Mr.Khanna ?
(ii) What are antacids ? Give one example.
(iii) Would it be advisable to take antacids for a long period of time ? Give
reason.

24. (a) 298 K ÂÚU çِ٠¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ ·ð¤ çÜØð DG0 ¥æñÚU log Kc ·¤æ ÂçÚU·¤ÜÙ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
2Al(s)1 3Cu21(aq) → 2Al 31(aq) 1 3Cu(s)
çÎØæ »Øæ E0cell52.02 V
(b) A ¥æñÚU B ·ð¤ E0 ×æÙæð´ ·¤æ ©ÂØæð» ·¤ÚUÌð ãé° Øã ÕÌÜ槰 ç·¤ ¥æØÚUÙ ÂÚU Á´» Ù Ü»ð
§â·ð¤ çÜØð 緤ⷤæ ÜðÂÙ ’ØæÎæ ©ÂØæð»è ãñ ¥æñÚU €Øæð´?
[E0 (Fe21/Fe)520.44 V]
çÎØæ »Øæ5E0(A21/A)522.37 V : E0(B21/B)520.14 V

56/1/E 11 P.T.O.
¥Íßæ
(a) CH3COOH ·ð¤ 0.001 mol L21 çßÜØÙ ·¤æ ¿æÜ·¤Ìæ 3.90531025 S cm21 ãñÐ
§â·¤è ×æðÜæÚU ¿æÜ·¤Ìæ ¥æñÚU çßØæðÁÙ (a) ·¤è çÇU»ýè ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
çÎØæ »Øæ l0(H1)5349.6 S cm2 mol21 ¥æñÚU
l0(CH3COO2)540.9 S cm2 mol21

(b) ÇþUæ§ü âðÜ ç·¤â Âý·¤æÚU ·¤è ÕñÅUÚUè ãñ? ÇþUæ§ü âðÜ ×ð´ ãæðÙð ßæÜè Âê‡æü ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ ·¤æð çÜç¹°Ð
(a) Calculate DG0 and log Kc for the following reaction at 298 K :

2Al(s)1 3Cu21(aq) → 2Al 31(aq) 1 3Cu(s)

Given : E0cell 52.02 V

(b) Using the E0 values of A and B, predict which is better for coating the
surface of iron [E0(Fe21/Fe)520.44 V] to prevent corrosion and why ?

Given : E0(A21/A)522.37 V : E0(B21/B)520.14 V

OR

(a) The conductivity of 0.001 mol L 21 solution of CH 3 COOH is


3.90531025 S cm21. Calculate its molar conductivity and degree of
dissociation(a).

Given l0 (H1)5349.6 S cm2 mol21 and

l0 (CH3COO2)540.9 S cm2 mol21

(b) What type of battery is dry cell ? Write the overall reaction occuring in
dry cell.

25. (a) çِ٠·ð¤ ·¤æÚU‡æ çÜç¹° Ñ


(i) Mn2O7 ¥ÜèØ ãñ ÁÕç·¤ MnO ÿææÚUèØ ãñÐ
(ii) Zr ¥æñÚU Hf ·ð¤ »é‡æÏü â×æÙ ãñ´Ð
(iii) â´·ý¤×‡æ ÏæÌé°¡ ÕǸè ⴁØæ ×ð´ ·¤æòŒÜð€â Øæñç»·¤ ÕÙæÌè ãñÐ

56/1/E 12
(b) ÂæØÚUæðÜéâæ§ÅU ¥ØS·¤ (MnO2) âð K2MnO4 ÕÙæÙð ·¤è çßçÏ ·¤æ ߇æüÙ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
KMnO4 ¥æñÚU K2MnO4 ·ð¤ mæÚUæ ç·¤â Âý·¤æÚU ·ð¤ ¿éÕ·¤ˆß çιæØð ÁæÌð ãñ´Ð

¥Íßæ
(a) 3d â´·ý¤×‡æ Ÿæð‡æè ·ð¤ Ìˆß Ùè¿ð çÎØð ÁæÌð ãñ´ Ñ
Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn

çِ٠©žæÚU ÎèçÁ° Ñ


(i) ·¤æòÂÚU ·¤æ E0(M21/M) ×æÙ ¥ÂýˆØæçàæÌ M¤Â âð ¥çÏ·¤ ÏÙæˆ×·¤ ãñÐ €Øæð´?
(ii) ·¤æñÙ Ìˆß 12 ©Â¿ØÙ ¥ßSÍæ ×ð´ ÂýÕÜ ¥Â¿æØ·¤ ãñ ¥æñÚU €Øæð´?
(iii) Zn21Ü߇æ Ú´U»ãèÙ ãæðÌð ãñÐ €Øæð´?
(b) ·ý¤æð×æ§ÅU ¥ØS·¤ (FeCr2O4) âð âæðçÇUØ× ÇU槷ý¤æð×ðÅU ÕÙæÙð ·¤è çßçÏ ·¤æ ߇æüÙ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(a) Account for the following :

(i) Mn2O7 is acidic whereas MnO is basic.

(ii) Zr and Hf exhibit similar properties.

(iii) Transition metals form a large number of complex compounds.

(b) Write the preparation of K2MnO4 from pyrolusite ore(MnO2). Write the
type of magnetism shown by KMnO4 and K2MnO4.

OR

(a) The elements of 3d transition series are given as :

Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn

Answer the following :

(i) Copper has exceptionally positive E0(M21/M) value.Why ?

(ii) Which element is a strong reducing agent in 12 oxidation state and


why ?

(iii) Zn21salts are colourless.Why ?

(b) Write the preparation of sodium dichromate from chromite ore (FeCr2O4).

56/1/E 13 P.T.O.
26. (a) çِ٠¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ¥æð´ ×ð´ ÂýˆØð·¤ ·ð¤ ©ˆÂæÎ ·¤æð çÜç¹° Ñ
(i)

(ii)

Zn dust
(iii) C6 H52OH  →

(b) çِ٠¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ¥æð´ ×ð´ ãæðÙð ßæÜð ÚUæâæØçÙ·¤ â×è·¤ÚU‡ææð´ ·¤æð çÜç¹° Ñ
(i) ÚUè×ÚU-ÅUè×Ù ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ
(ii) Èý¤æ§ÇUðÜ-·ñý¤ÅU÷⠷𤠰ÙèâæðÜ ÿææÚU‡æ ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ
¥Íßæ
(a) €Øæ ãæðÌæ ãñ ÁÕ Ñ
(i) ȤèÙæòÜ âæ´Îý HNO3 âð ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ ·¤ÚUÌæ ãñÐ
(ii) âñçÜçâçÜ·¤ ¥Ü (CH3CO)2O/H1·ð¤ âæÍ ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ ·¤ÚUÌæ ãñÐ
(iii) °çÍÜ €ÜæðÚUæ§ÇU NaOCH3 ·ð¤ âæÍ ¥çÖç·ý¤Øæ ·¤ÚUÌæ ãñÐ
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(a) Write the product(s) in each of the following reactions :
(i)

(ii)

Zn dust
(iii) C6 H52OH  →

56/1/E 14
(b) Write the chemical equations involved in the following reactions :

(i) Reimer-Tiemann reaction

(ii) Friedal-Crafts alkylation of anisole.

OR

(a) What happens when :

(i) Phenol reacts with conc.HNO3.

(ii) Salicylic acid reacts with (CH3CO)2O/H1.

(iii) Ethyl chloride reacts with NaOCH3.

Write the chemical equations involved in the above reactions.

(b) Distinguish between :

(i) Ethanol and Phenol

(ii) Propan-2-ol and 2-methylpropan-2-ol

56/1/E 15 P.T.O.
CHEMISTRY MARKING SCHEME 2016
SET - 56/1/E
Ques. Value points Marks
1 (ii) 1
2 Like Charged particles cause repulsion/ Brownian motion/ solvation 1
3 SO 2 1
4 Conductor / Metallic solid. 1
5 N-Phenylethanamide / Acetanilide 1
6 1+1
Positive deviation Negative deviation
Observed vapour pressure is Observed vapour pressure is less
greater than expected vapour than expected vapour pressure.
pressure.
A-B interaction < A—A & B—B A—B interaction >A—A & B—B
(Any other correct differences)

7 (i) 1
O O
S S
O OH O O O
OH
(ii)
F
F
F
Xe
1
F
F
F

8 X : CH3-CO-CH2-CH3 / Butan-2-one 1
Y: CH3-CH(OH)-CH2-CH3 / Butan-2-ol 1
9 (i)
Pt NH  Cl
3 6 4 1
(ii) Hexaammineplatinum (IV) chloride 1
10 t = 2.303 log [ A0 ]
k [A]
t3/4 = 2.303 log [ A0 ]
k 1/4[A0]
t3/4 = 2.303 log 4 ……….(i)
k ½
t1/2 = 2.303 log [ A0 ]
k 1/2 [A0]
½
t1/2 = 2.303 log 2 …….(ii)
k
Divide equation (i) by (ii)
t3/4 = 2.303 log 4
k
t1/2 = 2.303 log 2
k
1
t3/4 = 2 t1/2
OR
10 For zero order reaction
R  P
dR 
Rate =   kR 0 ½
dt
dR  kdt
Integrating both sides
R  kt  I ...... (i)
½
At t = 0 R  R 0
Substituting in equation (i)
R0  k  0  I
R0  I .... (ii) ½
Substituting the value of I in equation (i)
R  kt  R0
R 0  R 
k
t ½

11 In bcc , z = 2
ZM
d= 3
a  N0
W ½
No of atoms =  N0
M
250
2.5  10 24   N0
M
250  N 0
M=
2.5  10 24 …. (ii) 1
Putting the value of M in equation (i)
2  250g  N 0 1
d= 
2.5  10 atoms  400  10 cm  N 0
24 10 3

d = 3.125 g / cm 3 ½
(or any other correct method)
1

12 i. Due to strong electron withdrawing effect of carbonyl group and 1


resonance stabilization of the conjugate base.
ii. Oxidation of aldehydes involves cleavage of C-H bond whereas 1
oxidation of ketones involve cleavage of C-C bond which is
stronger than C-H bond.
iii.Due to greater resonance stabilization / Because of greater
electronegativity of sp2 hybridised carbon to which carboxyl 1
carbon is attached.

2.303 P0
K log
13 t 2P0  Pt 1
2.303 0.30
 log 1
300 2  0.30  0.50
3 1
= 0.0036 s / 3.6  10 s
-1
1
14 (i) The process of converting freshly prepared precipitate into 1
colloidal solution by shaking it with dispersion medium in the
presence of a small amount of electrolyte.
(ii) The Potential difference between the fixed layer and the 1
diffused/double layer of opposite charges.
(iii) Zig-zag movement / random motion. 1
15 i. The metal is converted into its volatile compound and finally 1
decomposed to give pure metal .
ii. The different components of a mixture are differently adsorbed on 1
an adsorbent.
iii. Mineral particles are wetted by oil and gangue particles by water. 1
16
Tf  i  k f  m ½

½
3 1000
T f  3 1.86 
111 100 1
Tf  1.50 k
Tf  T 0 f  Tf ½
Tf  T 0 f  Tf
= 273  1.5 / 273.15 1.50
½
= 271.5 K / 271.65 K
17 i. Due to greater angular strain of white phosphorus whereas red 1
phosphorus has polymeric structure.
ii. Due to stronger S-S single bond than O-O single bond. 1
iii. Due to absence of d-orbital in Fluorine . 1
18
O
|| ½×3
(i) (A) : , (B) : C 6 H 5  C  NH 2 , (C): C6 H5NH2
½×3
(ii) (A) : C6 H5NH2 , (B): , (C):
C6 H5CN

19 i. 1, 3 butadiene + styrene 1
CH=CH2

CH2  CH  CH  CH2 +
ii. Ethylene glycol + Terephthalic acid
1
HOOC COOH
HOCH2  CH2 OH +
H
N
H2C C=O 1
iii. Caprolactum
H2C CH2
H2C CH2

(Note : Half marks for structure(s) and half mark for name(s))
20 (i)  D - galactose and  D-glucose/ galactose and glucose. 1
(ii) Hydrogen bond. 1
(iii) Nucleotide=Base+Sugar+Phosphate group ½
Nucleoside=Base+Sugar ½
21 a. 3 2
sp d 1
1/2
Paramagnetic 1/2
High spin
b. As (en) is bidentate chelating ligand & F- is a monodentate ligand. 1
22 Cl CH3
Dry 1
i.  2Na  CH3Cl Ether

HBr (alc.) KOH


ii. CH3  CH2  CH  CH2 CH 3  CH 2  CH  CH 3 CH3  CH  CH  CH3 1
|
Br

iii. C 2 H5OH Re


dP /I 2
 C 2 H5I 1
(or any other correct method)
OR
22

i. CH3  CH2  CH2  CH2  Cl  alc.KOH CH 3  CH 2  CH  CH 2 / CH 3  CH  CH  CH 3 1

2CH3  CH  CH3  2Na CH3  CH  CH  CH3


dry
ii. |  | |
ether
Cl CH3 CH3 1
iii.

23 (i) Caring nature, supportive, aware (any other two suitable values) ½+½
(ii) Antacids are the medicines used to control acidity in stomach. 1+ ½
Ex – mixture of aluminium and magnesium hydroxide / sodium
hydrogen carbonate / Zantac / Ranitidine
(any other suitable example)
(iii) No, Excessive antacid can make the stomach alkaline and
trigger the production of more acids. ½+1
24 a. G0= -nF E0 cell ½

G 0 =  6  96500  2.02
G 0 = 1169580J / mol 1
½

1
= 205.42
1+1
b. A , 0
because its E value is more negative.

OR
24 (a) a. c
Λ m = x 1000/C ½
= 3.905 x 10-5 x 1000/ 0.001
= 39.05 S cm2/mole 1
CH3 COOH  CH3COO- + H+
Λ0 CH3COOH =0 CH3 COO- + 0 H+
=349.6 + 40.9
Λ CH3COOH = 390.5 S cm2/mol
0

= 39.05/ 390.5
= 0.1 1
b. Primary cell
Zn  2 NH 4  2MnO2  Zn  2 NH 3  2MnO(OH ) 1+1

25 a. (i) Due to higher oxidation state of Mn in Mn2O7. 1


(ii) Due to Lanthanoid contraction. 1
(iii) Due to availability of vacant d-orbitals. 1

b. 2MnO 2  4KOH  O2  2K 2 MnO 4  2H2 O


KMnO 4 diamagnetic 1
K 2 MnO 4 paramagnetic. ½
½

OR
25 a. (i) High ionization enthalpy/Low hydration enthalpy. 1
(ii) Cr, Cr2+ is oxidized to Cr 3+ which has stable d3 / t32g orbital ½+½
configuration.
(iii) Due to d10 configuration/no unpaired electrons.
1
b. (i) 4FeCr2 O 4  8Na 2 CO3  7O 2  8Na 2 CrO4  2Fe2 O 3  8CO2
1
(ii) 2Na2 CrO4  2H  Na2 Cr2 O7  2Na  H2 O 1

26 a. (i) C6H5OH  CH3I 1


CH3
(ii) | 1
CH3  C  CH2
(iii)
1

b. (i)
OH ONa 1
CHCl3+aq NaOH CHCl2 NaOH ONa OH
CHO CHO
H+

(ii)

1
OR

26 a. (i) 1

(ii)
1

(iii) C2 H5Cl  NaOCH3  C2 H5OCH3  NaCl 1

b. (i) Heat both compounds with NaOH and I2 , Ethanol gives 1


yellow ppt of iodoform. Phenol does not.
(ii) Heat both compounds with NaOH and I2 , Propan-2ol gives 1
yellow ppt of iodoform. 2-Methylpropan-2-ol does not.
(any other suitable test)

Name Signature Name Signature


Dr. (Mrs.) Sangeeta Bhatia Sh. S.K. Munjal

Dr. K.N. Uppadhya Sh. D.A. Mishra

Prof. R.D. Shukla Sh. Rakesh Dhawan

Dr. (Mrs.) Sunita Ramrakhiani Ms. Nirmala


Venkateswaran
Sh. S. Vallabhan, Principal Mrs. Deepika Arora

Mr. K.M. Abdul Raheem Ms. Minakshi Gupta

Mrs. Sushma Sachdeva Sh. Mukesh Kaushik

Ms. Seema Bhatnagar Mr. Roop Narayan

Sh. Pawan Singh Meena Ms. Garima Bhutani

Sh. Praveen Kumar Aggarwal