Table of keyboard shortcuts From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia • Ten things you didn't know about images

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1 Desktop shortcuts o 1.1 Common o 1.2 Documents o 1.3 Text editing o 1.4 Search o 1.5 Web browsers o 1.6 Go menu o 1.7 Text formatting o 1.8 Window management o 1.9 Widget navigation o 1.10 Tab management o 1.11 Desktop navigation o 1.12 Command line shortcuts 2 Notes 3 See also

DESKTOP SHORTCUTS Below is a list of common keyboard shortcuts that are used in modern desktop environments: Microsoft Windows, Mac OS, KDE and GNOME. These are shortcuts used to interact with the desktop environment, and shortcuts commonly used in desktop applications. The Cmd key listed below for Mac OS systems is the Command ⌘ (key on the right & left of space) key. COMMON SHORTCUTS COMMON TO MOST APPLICATIONS. Action File menu Edit menu View menu Undo the last operation Redo the last operation Cut the selected area and store it in the clipboard Copy the selected area into the clipboard Paste contents of clipboard at cursor Select everything in focused control or window Delete selection Display the selected object's properties/information window. Show help Windows XP/Windows Vista Alt-F Alt-E Alt-V Ctrl-Z Ctrl-Y Ctrl-X, Shift-Del Ctrl-C, or Ctrl-Ins Ctrl-V, or Shift-Ins Ctrl-A Del Alt-Enter F1 Mac OS KDE GNOME

Cmd-Z Cmd-Shift-Z Cmd-X Cmd-C Cmd-V Cmd-A Delete (Backspace) Cmd-I F1 or Cmd-?

Alt-F Alt-F Alt-E Alt-E Alt-V Alt-V Ctrl-Z Ctrl-Z Shift-CtrlShift-Ctrl-Z Z Ctrl-X Ctrl-C Ctrl-V Ctrl-A Del Ctrl-X Ctrl-C Ctrl-V Ctrl-A Del Alt-Enter F1 F1

DOCUMENTS

Action Create a new document Open a document Save the current document Print the current document Close the current document Zoom in on the document Zoom out of the document Reload the current document, updating content from source if necessary TEXT EDITING Action previous word next word previous line break next line break selecting next word selecting previous word SEARCH Action Find matches in the current document, highlighting them in-place Incremental find

Windows XP/Windows Vista Ctrl-N Ctrl-O Ctrl-S Ctrl-P varies [1]

Mac OS

KDE

GNOME

Cmd-N Ctrl-N Ctrl-N Cmd-O Ctrl-O Ctrl-O Cmd-S Ctrl-S Ctrl-S Cmd-P Ctrl-P Ctrl-P Cmd-W Ctrl-W Ctrl-W Cmd-Shift-= (CmdCtrl-Click Wheel (Scroll) Ctrl-Plus Ctrl-Plus Plus) or Cmd-= CtrlCtrl-Click Wheel (Scroll) Cmd-Minus Ctrl-Minus Minus F5, Ctrl-R Cmd-R F5 Ctrl-R

Windows XP/Windows Vista Ctrl+← Ctrl+→ Ctrl+↑ Ctrl+↓ ⇧ Shift + Ctrl + → ⇧ Shift + Ctrl + ←

Mac OS ⌥ Opt+← ⌥ Opt+→ ⌥ Opt+↑ ⌥ Opt+↓ ⇧ Shift + ⌥ Opt + → ⇧ Shift + ⌥ Opt + ←

KDE

GNOME

Windows XP/Windows Vista Ctrl+F

Mac OS ⌘ Cmd+F

KDE Ctrl+F / (slash)
[2]

GNOME Ctrl+F

Search for matches in ❖ Win+F (opens windows search), ❖ multiple documents, files or Win (Vista only, opens Start menu with other external sources Start Search box focused) Find the next match F3 Find and replace matches Ctrl+H WEB BROWSERS Action Bookmarks menu Add a bookmark for the current location Manage bookmarks Reload page from cache Reload page bypassing cache GO MENU Action Go to Browser Go to the previous location in history Go to the next location in history Go up one level in the navigation hierarchy Alt-Left or Backspace Alt-Right Backspace Windows XP/Windows Vista Windows XP/Windows Vista Alt-B Ctrl-D Ctrl-B F5 Ctrl-F5

⌘ Cmd+ Space (Spotlight) ⌘ Cmd+G ⌘ Cmd+F [3]

Ctrl+F Ctrl+G Ctrl+R Ctrl+G Ctrl+H

Mac OS Cmd-Opt-B Cmd-D Cmd-Opt-B (Safari) Cmd+R

KDE Alt-B Ctrl-B

GNOME Alt-B Ctrl-D Ctrl-B Ctrl+R Ctrl+Shift+R

Mac OS

KDE

GNOME

Cmd-L Cmd-[ or CmdAlt-Left Left Cmd-] or CmdAlt-Right Right Cmd-up Alt-Up

Alt-Left Alt-Right Alt-Up

Go to the starting page defined by the user or application TEXT FORMATTING Action Make selected text bold/regular Toggle underlining of selected text Make selected text italic/regular Change to upper/lower case WINDOW MANAGEMENT Windows XP/Windows Vista Ctrl-B Ctrl-U Ctrl-I Shift-F3

Cmd-Home

CtrlHome

Alt-Home

Mac OS Cmd-B Cmd-U Cmd-I

KDE Ctrl-B Ctrl-U Ctrl-I

GNOME Ctrl-B Ctrl-U Ctrl-I

Windows XP/Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Vista Alt-Tab, Shift-AltCmd-tab, Alt-Tab, ShiftSwitch focused window Alt-Tab, Shift-Alt-Tab Tab (reverse order) Shift-Cmd-Tab Alt-Tab Switch focus to the next or Alt-Escape / AltAlt-Escape / Alt-ShiftCtrl-F4 previous window (without dialog) Shift-Escape Escape Switch focus to the next or Ctrl-Alt-Tab, Shift-Ctrlprevious panel on the desktop Alt-Tab Switch focus to the next or Ctrl-Alt-Escape / Shiftprevious panel (without dialog) Ctrl-Alt-Escape Pop up window menu Alt-Space Alt-F3 Alt-Space Alt-F4 or Ctrl-F4 or Close the focused window Cmd-W Alt-F4 Alt-F4 Alt-Space-c Restore the focused to its Alt-F5 previous size Alt-Space, m, Move the focused window Alt-F7 arrow keys Alt-Space, s, arrow Resize the focused window Alt-F8 keys Minimize the focused window Alt-Space, n Cmd-M Win-Minus Alt-F9 Maximize the focused window Alt-Space, x Win-Plus Alt-F10 Maximize horizontally Win-Equal Maximize vertically Win-Space Minimize all Win-M Cmd-Alt-M Ctrl-Alt-D Undo minimize all Win-Shift-M Ctrl-Alt-D Switch fullscreen/normal size F11 F11 Show the window in full screen Depends on mode, with no border, menubar, Ctrl-Shift-F Ctrl-F11 application toolbar or statusbar WinRollup/down window Cmd-M Alt-F12 Underscore Move window to Shift-Altleft/right/up/down workspace Left/Right/Up/Down Move window to desktop X Win-Alt-FX Fn-Right / FnWin-Tab / Switch to next/previous desktop Left (Leopard) Win-Shift-Tab Switch to next/previous desktop Ctrl-Tab / list Ctrl-Shift-Tab Go to desktop X Ctrl-(Shift)FX Go to left/right/up/down Ctrl-Altdesktop Left/Right/Up/Down Show / hide desktop Win-D F11 Ctrl-Alt-D Ctrl-Alt-D Activate window demanding Ctrl-Alt-A attention Alt-F4 or Ctrl-F4 Cmd-AltCtrl-AltKill window varies [1] Escape Escape Close dialog Esc Esc Action

WIDGET NAVIGATION Windows XP/Windows Vista Tab, Shift-Tab Shift-F1 Shift-F1 Ctrl-F6 or Alt-F6 Cmd-? Cmd-` Shift-F1

Action Moves keyboard focus to next/previous control Pop up tooltip for currentlyfocused control Show context-sensitive help for currently-focused window or control Give focus to next/previous pane Give focus to splitter bar in paned window Give focus to window's menu bar Pop up contextual menu for currently-selected objects Toggle selected state of focused checkbox, radio button, or toggle button Activate focused button, menu item etc. Select/move to first item in selected widget Scroll selected view by one page up/left/down/right TAB MANAGEMENT Windows XP/Windows Vista Ctrl-T

Mac OS

KDE Tab, Shift-Tab

GNOME Tab, Shift-Tab Ctrl-F1 Shift-F1 F6, Shift-F6 F8

F10 Shift-F10, Menu Space Enter

Ctrl-F2

Alt Menu

F10 Shift-F10 Space Enter/Return Home, End PageUp, Ctrl-PageUp, PageDown, CtrlPageDown

Space

Space

Enter/Return Enter/Return Home, End

Action Create new tab

Mac OS Cmd-T Cmd-{ or Cmd-Shift-Left, Cmd-} or Cmd-Shift-Right (Safari)

KDE Ctrl-Shift-N / Ctrl-T Ctrl-,/Ctrl-.

GNOME Ctrl-T CtrlPageUp/PageDown

Go to Ctrl-Tab, Ctrl-Shift-Tab next/previous tab DESKTOP NAVIGATION

Action Run new application Open new browser window with same page as current Start menu / Applications menu Copy a screenshot to clipboard Copy a screenshot of window to clipboard Lock desktop Show desktop Switch active user Task manager

Windows XP/Windows Vista Win-R Ctrl-N Win, Ctrl-Esc Ctrl-Print Screen Alt-Print Screen Win-L Win-D Win-L
[4]

Mac OS

KDE Alt-F2

GNOME Alt-F2

Cmd-N (Non-default user option in Safari) Cmd-Shift-A Alt-F1 Alt-F1

Cmd-Ctrl-Shift-3 (Cmd-Shift-3 to CtrlPrint create as a file on the desktop) Print Cmd-Ctrl-Shift-4 then Space (Cmd-Shift-4 to create as a file on Alt-Print Alt-Print the desktop) Ctrl-AltCtrl-Alt-L L Ctrl-AltF11 Ctrl-Alt-D D Ctrl-AltL Cmd-Opt-Esc Ctrl-Esc

Ctrl-Shift-Esc, Ctrl-AltDel [5]

Rename file COMMAND LINE SHORTCUTS

F2

Enter

F2

F2

Below is a list of common keyboard shortcuts that are used in a command line environment. Action Scroll through History of typed commands Signal end-of-file Signal break Erase word to the left Erase line to the left Erase line to the right Move to beginning of line Move to end of line Reverse search of history Send current job to the background Autocomplete command/file name Shutdown Restart Shutdown remote computer Windows (Cmd.exe) ↑/↓ Ctrl+Z Ctrl+C Esc Esc Home End F7 Tab ⇆ (if enabled eg. via TweakUI) Shutdown -S Shutdown -R Shutdown -S -M \\computername Unix/Linux/Mac OS X (bash) ↑/↓ Ctrl+D Ctrl+C Ctrl+W Ctrl+U Ctrl+K Ctrl+A Ctrl+E Ctrl+R Ctrl+Z Tab ⇆ (usually twice) shutdown shutdown -r

Keys on a computer keyboard

• •

• • •

Modifier key o Control key o Shift key o Alt key / Option key (Macintosh) o AltGr key o Command key / Meta key (MIT computer keyboards) o Windows key o Fn key (compact keyboard layout) Dead key o Compose key Lock key o Scroll lock o Num lock o Caps lock Navigation keys o Arrow keys o Page scroll keys (Page up key / Page down key) o Home key / End key Edit keys o Return key / Enter key o Backspace o Insert key o Delete key o Tab key SysRq / Print screen Break key / Pause key Escape key

• • • • •

Menu key Space bar Numeric keypad Function key Language input keys (on Japanese/Korean keyboards) o Kanji key o Conversion key o Non-conversion key o Half-width/Full-width key o Hiragana/Katakana key o Alphanumeric key o Hancha key o Han/Yong key Power management keys o Power key o Sleep key o Wake key Internet keys: o Internet (web browser) key. o E-mail Multimedia keys: o Volume keys or wheel (+/-/mute).

LIST OF COMPUTER KEYBOARD SHORTCUT KEYS Sl. Modifier LETTER Nos. Keys KEYS 1 A 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 E 6 F 7 G 8 H 9 I 10 J 11 K 12 L 13 M 14 N 15 O 16 P 17 Q 18 R 19 S 20 T 21 U 22 V 23 W 24 X 25 Y 26 Z NUMERICAL KEYS 27 0 28 1 28 2 29 3 30 4 31 5 32 6 33 7 34 8 35 9 Function

36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 68 70 71 72 73

Keys F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 Special Characters Keys ` ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) _ + = \ | [ ] { } ; : ‘ "

74 75 76 77

78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99

. , ? / Other Keys Spacebar Backspace Tab Caps Lock Esc Windows Mouse Enter Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause/Break Num Lock Insert Delete Home End Page Up Page Down Left Arrow Right Arrow Up Arrow Down Arrow

Sl. Nos. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

Modifier Keys

LIST OF COMPUTER KEYBOARD SHORTCUT KEYS Modifier Modifier Modifier Modifier Modifier Keys Keys Keys Keys Keys

KEYS A B C

KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Ctrl+Shift

D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

NUMERICAL KEYS Modifier Keys 27 28 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 FUNCTION KEYS

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Modifier Keys 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Keys F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12

Keys F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 Keys ` ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) _ + = \ | [ ] { } ; : ‘ "

SPECIAL CHARACTERS KEYS Modifier Modifier Keys Keys 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 68 70 71 72 73

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Modifier Keys

Keys ` ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) _ + = \ | [ ] { } ; : ‘ "

74 75 76 77 SPECIAL OTHER KEYS Modifier Modifier Keys Keys 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 Modifier Keys Modifier Keys Modifier Keys Other Keys Spacebar Backspace Tab Caps Lock Esc Windows Mouse Enter

. , ? /

. , ? / Other Keys Spacebar Backspace Tab Caps Lock Esc Windows Mouse Enter Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause/Break Num Lock Insert Delete Home End Page Up Page Down Left Arrow Right Arrow Up Arrow Down Arrow

Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause/Break Num Lock Insert Delete Home End Page Up Page Down Left Arrow Right Arrow Up Arrow Down Arrow

LIST OF COMPUTER KEYBOARD SHORTCUT KEYS Sl. Nos. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 CTRLS KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Keys KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Keys KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z KEYS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 SPECIAL CHARACTERS KEYS

F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 Keys

F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 Keys ` ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) _ + = \ | [ ] { } ; : ‘ " . ,

48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 68 70 71 72 73 74 75

` ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) _ + = \ | [ ] { } ; : ‘ " . ,

76 77 SPECIAL OTHER KEYS Other Keys 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99

? /

? / Other Keys Spacebar Backspace Tab Caps Lock Esc Windows Mouse Enter Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause/Break Num Lock Insert Delete Home End Page Up Page Down Left Arrow Right Arrow Up Arrow Down Arrow

Spacebar Backspace Tab Caps Lock Esc Windows Mouse Enter Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause/Break Num Lock Insert Delete Home End Page Up Page Down Left Arrow Right Arrow Up Arrow Down Arrow

LIST OF COMPUTER KEYBOARD SHORTCUT KEYS
Sl. Nos. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 28 29 30 31 32 33 SHIFT CTRL ALT SHIFT ALT SHIFT CTRL ALT SHIFT ALT CTRL CTRL SHIFT CTRL ALT ALT SHIFT CTRL LETTER KEYS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 LETTER KEYS

34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 68

8 9 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 ` ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) _ + = \ | [ ] { }

8 9 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 ` ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) _ + = \ | [ ] { }

70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99

; : ‘ " . , ? / Spacebar Backspace Tab Caps Lock Esc Windows Mouse Enter Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause/Break Num Lock Insert Delete Home End Page Up Page Down Left Arrow Right Arrow Up Arrow Down Arrow

; : ‘ " . , ? / Spacebar Backspace Tab Caps Lock Esc Windows Mouse Enter Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause/Break Num Lock Insert Delete Home End Page Up Page Down Left Arrow Right Arrow Up Arrow Down Arrow