‫المميز في قواعد اللغة النجليزية ‪ -‬للستاذ كفاح حمدان المصري‬

‫حروف اللغة النجليزية الصغيرة‬
‫) ‪( Small Letters‬‬
‫‪edcba‬‬
‫‪jihgf‬‬
‫‪onmlk‬‬
‫‪tsrqp‬‬
‫‪yxwvu‬‬
‫‪z‬‬
‫حروف اللغة النجليزية الكبيرة‬
‫) ‪( Capital Letters‬‬
‫‪EDCBA‬‬
‫‪JIHGF‬‬
‫‪ONMLK‬‬
‫‪TSRQP‬‬
‫‪YXWVU‬‬
‫‪Z‬‬
‫*** تنقسم حروف اللغة النجليزية إلى حروف ساكنة وحروف متحركة‬
‫‪- : consonants and vowels‬‬
‫‪ -1‬الحروف الساكنة‬
‫) ‪( consonants‬‬
‫‪dcb‬‬
‫‪jhgf‬‬
‫‪nmlk‬‬
‫‪tsrqp‬‬
‫‪yxwv‬‬
‫‪z‬‬
‫‪ -2‬الحروف المتحركة‬
‫) ‪( vowels‬‬
‫‪ea‬‬
‫‪i‬‬
‫‪o‬‬
‫‪u‬‬
‫*** ينقسم الكلم إلى تسعة أقسام وهي كالتي ‪-:‬‬
‫‪-: Noun -1‬‬
‫السم هو كلمة تدل على ) شخص ‪ ،‬حيوان ‪،‬نبات ‪ ،‬مكان ‪ ،‬شي ‪ ،‬فكرة مجردة (‬
‫ ‪Soha – Ali – dog – table – widow – happiness – pencil – teacher‬‬‫‪………… city‬‬
‫‪-: Pronoun -2‬‬
‫الضمير هو كلمة يحل محل السم لتجنب التكرار في الجملة ‪.‬‬
‫‪. .……………………… I – he – she – it – we‬‬

-: Verb -3
. ‫الفعل عبارة عن كلمة توضح لنا حدوث شي ما في وقت ما‬
eat – swim – drive – go – went – will go – worked
. …………………………
-: Adjective -4
. ‫الصفة هي كلمة تصف لنا السم وتأتي قبله‬
old – new – short – tall – expensive – important – dangerous
. …………
-: Adverb -5
. ‫الحال هو كلمة تصف لنا الفعل أو الصفة أو الحال‬
. ………………………slowly – quickly – badly – happily - very
-: Preposition -6
‫حرف الجر هو عبارة عن كلمة تأتي مع السم أو الضمير لتوضح مدي علقته بكلمة‬
. ‫أخرى‬
. …………………………… in – of – on – at – about
-: Conjunction -7
‫حرف العطف هو عبارة عن كلمة نربط بها كلمتين ) كلمة وكلمة أخرى ( أو‬
( ‫جملتين ) جملة وجملة أخرى‬
. .………………… so – and – because – although – but
-: Articles -8
. ‫أدوات المعرفة والنكرة وهي عبارة عن ثلث أدوات في اللغة النجليزية‬
. a – an – the
-: Interjection -9
. ‫كلمة التعجب هي عبارة عن أصوات نستخدمها للتعبير عن التعجب‬
. .………………………… ! Oh ! – Alas ! – Hey
Exercise
-: Put each one of these word in front of its part of speech
speak – they – ouch ! – the – and – chair – fluently – bad – in order
– to
on – happy – a – happy – go – badly – so – we – quick – quickly –
– old
Ali – of – an – meat – meet – mad – tree – because – slowly – slow
. – drink – doctor – will play – played
Noun
Pronoun
Verb
Adjective
Adverb
Preposition
Conjunction
Article
Interjection
‫*** سوف يتم شرح كل قسم من أقسام الكلم السابقة بالتفصيل في هذا الكتاب‬
.
‫*** السم قسم من أقسام الكلم وهو عبارة عن كلمة تدل على أي شيء‬

‫) إنسان ) شخص ( – حيوان – شيء – مكان – نبات ‪ -‬نشاط ( ‪-:‬‬
‫أمثلة ‪-: Examples‬‬
‫شيء ‪ thing‬رجل ‪man‬‬
‫مسطرة ‪ ruler‬امرأة ‪woman‬‬
‫كتاب ‪ book‬شخص ‪person‬‬
‫شباك ‪ window‬ولد ‪boy‬‬
‫باب ‪ door‬بنت ‪girl‬‬
‫خريطة ‪ map‬رئيس ‪president‬‬
‫قلم رصاص ‪ pencil‬ملك ‪king‬‬
‫طاولة ‪ table‬علي ‪Ali‬‬
‫ممحاة ‪ rubber‬هدى ‪Huda‬‬
‫تلفاز ‪ television‬أخ ‪brother‬‬
‫مكان ‪ place‬أخت ‪sister‬‬
‫فلسطين ‪ Palestine‬حيوان ‪animal‬‬
‫مصر ‪ Egypt‬حصان ‪horse‬‬
‫مدينة ‪ city‬حمار ‪donkey‬‬
‫قرية ‪ village‬جمل ‪camel‬‬
‫شارع ‪ street‬قطة ‪cat‬‬
‫منزل ‪ house‬كلب ‪dog‬‬
‫حديقة ‪ garden‬أسد ‪lion‬‬
‫شجرة ‪ tree‬ثعلب ‪fox‬‬
‫رياضة ‪ sport‬قرد ‪monkey‬‬
‫تجارة ‪ commerce‬غزال ‪deer‬‬
‫أنواع السماء ‪- : Kinds of Nouns‬‬
‫*** تنقسم السماء إلى أربع أقسام ‪-:‬‬
‫السم النكرة ‪Common Noun -1‬‬
‫اسم علم ‪Proper Noun -2‬‬
‫اسم مجرد ‪Abstract Noun -3‬‬
‫اسم جمع ‪Collective Noun -4‬‬
‫السم النكرة ‪Common Noun -1‬‬
‫*** هي عبارة عن أسماء عامة تدل على عموم الجنس دون تعيين ‪-:‬‬
‫بحر ‪ A sea‬رجل ‪A man‬‬
‫نهر ‪ A river‬امرأة ‪A woman‬‬
‫قرية ‪ A village‬بنت ‪A girl‬‬
‫مدينة ‪ A city‬ولد ‪A boy‬‬
‫لعبة ‪ A game‬جمل ‪A camel‬‬
‫طاولة ‪ A table‬كلب ‪A dog‬‬
‫اسم علم ‪Proper Noun -2‬‬
‫*** هو اسم يدل على شخص أو أي شيء معين ومحدد ‪-:‬‬
‫نهر النيل ‪ River Nile‬علي ‪Ali‬‬
‫جبال همليا ‪ Himalaya‬رشا ‪Rasha‬‬
‫غزة ‪ Gaza‬جاك ‪Jack‬‬
‫لبنان ‪ Lebanon‬القدس ‪Jerusalem‬‬
‫بيروت ‪ Beirut‬فلسطين ‪Palestine‬‬

‫انجلترا ‪ England‬الردن ‪Jordan‬‬
‫اسم مجرد ‪Abstract Noun -3‬‬
‫*** هو اسم معنوي غير ملموس ‪-:‬‬
‫المل ‪ hope‬الشجاعة ‪courage‬‬
‫الخوف ‪ fear‬الديمقراطية ‪democracy‬‬
‫اسم جمع ‪Collective Noun -4‬‬
‫*** هو اسم يدل على عدد من الشياء ككل ) تندرج تحت هذا النوع من السماء‬
‫جماعة أو فريق‬
‫من جنس واحد (‬
‫حشد ‪ crowd‬جيش ‪army‬‬
‫قطيع ‪ herd‬فريق ‪team‬‬
‫*** ‪-: Countable and Uncountable Nouns‬‬
‫*** السماء المعدودة هي السماء الذي يمكن عدها ‪books / book :‬‬
‫*** السماء غير المعدودة هي السماء التي ل تعد ‪ gold / milk :‬ول يمكن جمعها‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫أجناس السماء ‪Nouns Genders‬‬
‫*** ينقسم الجنس في السماء إلى ثلث أقسام ‪-:‬‬
‫المذكر ‪Masculine -1‬‬
‫المؤنث ‪Feminine -2‬‬
‫المحايد ‪Neuter -3‬‬
‫المذكر ‪Masculine -1‬‬
‫*** هو السم الذي يدل على مذكر ) الرجال ‪ /‬الولد ‪ /‬ذكور الحيوانات ( ‪-:‬‬
‫أب ‪ father‬رجل ‪man‬‬
‫زوج ‪ husband‬ولد ‪boy‬‬
‫ملك ‪ king‬عم ‪ /‬خال ‪uncle‬‬
‫أسد ‪ lion‬ابن ‪son‬‬
‫المؤنث ‪Feminine -2‬‬
‫*** هو السم الذي يدل على مؤنث النساء ‪ /‬البنات ‪ /‬إناث الحيوانات ( ‪-:‬‬
‫أم ‪ mother‬امرأة ‪woman‬‬
‫عمة ‪ /‬خالة ‪ aunt‬بنت ‪girl‬‬
‫أميرة ‪ princess‬أخت ‪sister‬‬
‫لبوه ‪ lioness‬ابنة ‪daughter‬‬
‫المحايد ‪Neuter -3‬‬
‫*** هو السم الذي ل يكون مذكر ول مؤنث ‪-:‬‬
‫‪book / pencil‬‬
‫ملحظة‬
‫*** هناك اسم مشترك يدل على المذكر والمؤنث معا ‪:‬‬
‫‪child / driver / student / pupil / parent / teacher / singer / friend‬‬
‫‪-: We add ( s ) to the singular nouns to form plurals -1‬‬

‫*** عادة نضيف إلى السم المفرد حرف ) ‪ ( s‬لتحويله إلى جمع ‪.‬‬
‫الجمع ‪ Plural‬المفرد ‪Singular‬‬
‫حقائب ‪ bags‬حقيبة ‪bag‬‬
‫مدارس ‪ schools‬مدرسة ‪school‬‬
‫أطباء ‪ doctors‬طبيب ‪doctor‬‬
‫طلب ‪ students‬طالب ‪student‬‬
‫كتب ‪ books‬كتاب ‪book‬‬
‫‪- : ( Nouns which end with ( ch / sh / s / z / x -2‬‬
‫*** إذا انتهى السم بـ ) ‪ ( ch / sh / s / z / x‬نضيف له ) ‪ ( es‬عند الجمع ‪.‬‬
‫الجمع ‪ Plural‬المفرد ‪Singular‬‬
‫ساعات ‪ watches‬ساعة ‪watch‬‬
‫أطباق ‪ dishes‬طبق ‪dish‬‬
‫أكواب ‪ glasses‬كوب ‪glass‬‬
‫اختبارات ‪ quizzes‬اختبار ‪quiz‬‬
‫ثعالب ‪ foxes‬ثعلب ‪fox‬‬
‫فراشي ‪ brushes‬فرشاة ‪brush‬‬
‫صناديق ‪ boxes‬صندوق ‪box‬‬
‫‪- : ( Nouns which end with ( o -3‬‬
‫*** إذا انتهى السم بـ ) ‪ ( o‬وجاء قبله حرف ساكن نضيف له ) ‪ ( es‬عند الجمع ‪.‬‬
‫الجمع ‪ Plural‬المفرد ‪Singular‬‬
‫طماطم ‪ tomatoes‬حبة طماطم ‪tomato‬‬
‫براكين ‪ volcanoes‬بركان ‪volcano‬‬
‫جواميس ‪ buffaloes‬جاموسة ‪buffalo‬‬
‫أبطال ‪ heroes‬بطل ‪hero‬‬
‫‪- : ( Nouns which end with ( o -4‬‬
‫*** إذا انتهى السم بـ ) ‪ ( o‬وجاء قبله حرف متحرك نضيف له ) ‪ ( s‬عند الجمع ‪.‬‬
‫الجمع ‪ Plural‬المفرد ‪Singular‬‬
‫حدائق الحيوان ‪ zoos‬حديقة الحيوان ‪zoo‬‬
‫‪- : ( Nouns which end with ( y -5‬‬
‫*** إذا انتهى السم بـ ) ‪ ( y‬وجاء قبله حرف ساكن ‪ ،‬نحذف حرف ) ‪ ( y‬ثم نضيف‬
‫له ) ‪ ( ies‬عند الجمع ‪.‬‬
‫الجمع ‪ Plural‬المفرد ‪Singular‬‬
‫عائلت ‪ families‬عائلة ‪family‬‬
‫سيدات ‪ ladies‬سيدة ‪lady‬‬
‫جيوش ‪ armies‬جيش ‪army‬‬
‫سماوات ‪ skies‬سماء ‪sky‬‬
‫بلدان ‪ countries‬بلد ‪country‬‬
‫‪- : ( Nouns which end with ( y -6‬‬

‫*** إذا انتهى السم بـ ) ‪ ( y‬وجاء قبله حرف من حروف العلة )) ‪a / e / i / o / u‬‬
‫نضيف له )‪ ( s‬عند الجمع ‪.‬‬
‫الجمع ‪ Plural‬المفرد ‪Singular‬‬
‫أولد ‪ boys‬ولد ‪boy‬‬
‫أيام ‪ days‬يوم ‪day‬‬
‫حمير ‪ donkeys‬حمار ‪donkey‬‬
‫‪- : ( Nouns which end with ( f / fe -7‬‬
‫*** إذا انتهى السم بـ ) ‪ ( f / fe‬نقوم بحذفهم ثم نضيف له ) ‪ ( ves‬عند الجمع ‪.‬‬
‫الجمع ‪ Plural‬المفرد ‪Singular‬‬
‫ذئاب ‪ wolves‬ذئب ‪wolf‬‬
‫سكاكين ‪ knives‬سكينة ‪knife‬‬
‫أوراق الشجر ‪ leaves‬ورقة الشجر ‪leaf‬‬
‫زوجات ‪ wives‬زوجة ‪wife‬‬
‫*** هناك أسماء تنتهي بــ ) ‪ ( f / fe‬نضيف لها ) ‪ ( s‬عند الجمع ) أسماء غير‬
‫مرتبطة بالقاعدة السابقة ( ‪-:‬‬
‫– ‪roof / roofs – Gulf / Gulfs – proof / proofs – cliff / cliffs / chief‬‬
‫‪chiefs‬‬
‫‪-: Irregular nouns -8‬‬
‫*** السماء الشاذة ‪- :‬‬
‫الجمع ‪ Plural‬المفرد ‪Singular‬‬
‫أسنان ‪ teeth‬سن ‪tooth‬‬
‫فئران ‪ mice‬فأر ‪mouse‬‬
‫رجال ‪ men‬رجل ‪man‬‬
‫نساء ‪ women‬امرأة ‪woman‬‬
‫أقدام ‪ feet‬قدم ‪foot‬‬
‫وز ‪ geese‬وزه ‪goose‬‬
‫أطفال ‪ children‬طفل ‪child‬‬
‫ثيران ‪ oxen‬ثور ‪ox‬‬
‫قمل ‪ lice‬قملة ‪louse‬‬
‫أزمات ‪ crises‬أزمة ‪crisis‬‬
‫سمك ‪ fish‬سمك ‪fish‬‬
‫ملحق ‪ /‬فهارس ‪ appendices‬ملحق ‪ /‬فهرس ‪appendix‬‬
‫ظواهر ‪ phenomena‬ظاهرة ‪phenomenon‬‬
‫*** هناك أسماء ل تتغير في المفرد والجمع ‪:‬‬
‫‪Deer / sheep / cattle / swine‬‬
‫‪-: Compound nouns -9‬‬
‫*** السماء المركبة ‪ -:‬نجمع السماء المركبة طبقا للسم المفرد الرئيسي ‪-:‬‬
‫الجمع ‪ Plural‬المفرد ‪Singular‬‬
‫غرف دراسية ‪ classrooms‬غرفة دراسية ‪classroom‬‬
‫رجال الشرطة ‪ policemen‬شرطي ‪policeman‬‬
‫أصهار ‪ sons – in – law‬صهر ‪son – in – law‬‬

‫ ( فان هذا يدل على أنواع الشاي‬tea ) ( teas ‫ لو جمعنا كلمة ) شاي‬-2 ....... 2.crowd -11 Exercise -: Give the plural of these words *** Plural Singular tree man boy book potato tea – cup father – in – law star dog king country child story dish wife box thief . ‫السماء المركبة عبارة عن أسماء ترتبط مع بعضها لتكون كلمة واحدة‬ -: Compound Nouns are written in different ways -: ‫تكتب السماء المركبة بطرق مختلفة‬ *** *** *** *** .. 8...mountain -1 …………………………… : table : ……………………...dog -3 . Compound Nouns are nouns joined to make one word . ‫ ( فان هذا يدل على أنواع القهوة‬coffee ) ( coffees ‫ لو جمعنا كلمة ) قهوة‬-3 Exercise ? What kinds are the following nouns *** .…………………… : man : ……………………….London -7 ………………………… : anger : ……………………… 10.....sadness -9 .………………………… : army : ……………………… 12..grand – son ‫ حفيد‬grand – sons ‫أحفاد‬ looker – on ‫ متفرج‬lookers – on ‫متفرجون‬ armchair ‫ كرسي بمساند‬armchairs ‫كراسي بمساند‬ ..… 4. 6.Khanyounis -5 ………………………… : Palestine : …………………...... .: ‫*** السماء الرئيسية فى الجدول السابق‬ room / man / son / son / looker / chair -: ‫*** ملحــــــــــظـــــــــــــــة‬ / coffee ‫ قهوة‬/ sugar ‫ سكر‬: ‫ هناك أسماء جمع ولكنها تعامل معاملة المفرد‬-1 / tea ‫شاي‬ ... …………………… : Amjad : …………………….... honey ‫ عسل‬/ rice ‫أرز‬ ....

Noun + Noun rainfall 2.Gerund + Noun blackboard 5.Noun + Verb sightseeing 3.Adjective + Noun -: The plural of Compound Noun *** ‫جمع السماء المركبة‬ classrooms classroom notebooks notebook walking sticks walking stick ‫ ( عند الجمع كما موضح‬s ) ‫*** إذا كانت الكلمة المركبة تنتهي باسم يعد يضاف‬ .Noun + Gerund drinking water 4.One word -1 ‫ كلمة واحدة‬football Two words -2 ‫ كلمتين منفصلتين‬police station Two words joined by a hyphen -3 ‫ كلمتان بينهما شرطة‬horse – riding Words joined by a hyphens -4 ‫ كلمات بينهما شرطة‬father – in – law -: Types of Compound Nouns *** ‫أنواع السماء المركبة‬ football 1. ‫في الجدول‬ fathers – in – law / father – in – law -: ‫*** لحظ‬ Take a word from column ( A ) and another from column ( B ) *** -: to form a compound word -: ‫ ( لتكون اسم مركب‬b ) ‫ ( وكلمة أخرى من العمود‬A ) ‫*** خذ كلمة من العمود‬ Compound word B A fall film ache police riding note station rain star tooth pot horse bike boat paste old man bus brush shoe based earth box tooth stop police age motor way fire man tooth friend motor man wild book quiz life tea master pen ‫ وهو عبارة عن كلمة تحل محل السم تجنبا‬. ‫*** الضمير قسم من أقسام الكلم‬ : ‫ وتنقسم الضمائر إلى سبعة أقسام‬. ‫لتكرار السم‬ Possessive-2 ‫ ضمائر الملكية‬Personal Pronouns -1 ‫الضمائر الشخصية‬ Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns -3 ‫ضمائر الشارة‬ Reflexive Pronouns -4 ‫ضمائر انعكاسية‬ Interrogative Pronouns -5 ‫ضمائر استفهامية‬ Indefinite Pronouns -6 ( ‫ضمائر غير محددة ) نكرة‬ Relative Pronouns -7 ‫ضمائر الوصل‬ .

She goes to school .‬‬ ‫رايتك في المطار ‪. I saw you in the airport . I saw you playing basketball . . are you‬‬ ‫*** الضمائر الشخصية في حالة النصب تأتي مفعول به بعد الفعل مباشرة أو يأتي‬ ‫بين الفعل والضمير حرف جر مثل ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪to / at / with / from / for‬‬ ‫*** الضمائر الشخصية أنواع ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬الضمير الشخصي الول في حالة الرفع للمفرد والجمع ) ‪( I / we‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬الضمير الشخصي الول في حالة النصب للمفرد والجمع ) ‪( me / us‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬الضمير الشخصي الثاني في حالة الرفع للمفرد والجمع ) ‪( you / you‬‬ .‬‬ ‫هي اشترته ‪.‬‬ ‫انه كتاب ‪.‬‬ ‫*** الضمائر الشخصية في حالة الرفع تسبق الفعل ول تأتي بعد الفعل ال في حالة‬ ‫الستفهام ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪? Has he got a good job ? / You aren't student .‬‬ ‫أنتم طلب جيدون ‪. Soha goes with her .‬‬ ‫سها تذهب معها ‪.‬‬ ‫هي تكتب لهم ‪.‬‬ ‫أنت تذهب إلى النادي ‪. You go to the club .‬‬ ‫هو ذكي ‪He is intelligent .‬‬ ‫هو يلعب معنا ‪. He play with us .‫الضمائر الشخصية ‪Personal Pronouns -1‬‬ ‫*** الضمائر الشخصية لها حالتين ‪ -1 -:‬حالة الرفع ) ‪ -nominative ) 2‬حالة‬ ‫النصب ) ‪: ( accusative‬‬ ‫حالة النصب ‪ Accusative‬حالة الرفع ‪Nominative‬‬ ‫نى ‪ me‬أنا ‪I‬‬ ‫ـــك ‪ you‬أنت ‪You‬‬ ‫ـــه ‪ him‬هو ‪He‬‬ ‫ـــها ‪ her‬هي ‪She‬‬ ‫ــه ‪ /‬ــها لغير العاقل ‪ it‬هو ‪ /‬هي لغير العاقل ‪It‬‬ ‫ــنا ‪ /‬لنا ‪ us‬نحن ‪We‬‬ ‫ــكما ‪ /‬ــكم ‪ /‬ــكن ‪ you‬أنتم ‪ /‬أنتن ‪ /‬أنتما ‪You‬‬ ‫ـــهم ‪ /‬ـــهن ‪ them‬هم ‪ /‬هن ‪They‬‬ ‫*** ‪-: Examples‬‬ ‫استخدام الضمائر الشخصية في حالة الرفع في جمل‬ ‫أنا ذاهب إلى المدرسة ‪. She writes to them .‬‬ ‫رأيتكم تلعبون كرة السلة ‪. They wrote a letter‬‬ ‫استخدام الضمائر الشخصية في حالة الرفع في جمل‬ ‫أخبرتني الحقيقة ‪.‬‬ ‫هم كتبوا الرسالة ‪. It is a book .‬‬ ‫هي تذهب إلى المدرسة ‪. She told me the truth . You are good students . I go to school . She bought it . We speak to him .‬‬ ‫نحن تحدثنا معه ‪. We are students .‬‬ ‫نحن طلب ‪.

My name is Ali -7‬‬ ‫‪. This is your car -8‬‬ ‫‪. This book is hers -4‬‬ ‫‪.‫‪ -4‬الضمير الشخصي الثاني في حالة النصب للمفرد والجمع ) ‪( you / you‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬الضمير الشخصي الثالث في حالة للمفرد والجمع ) ‪( he / she / it / they‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬الضمير الشخصي الثالث في حالة النصب للمفرد والجمع ) ‪him / her / it /‬‬ ‫‪( them‬‬ ‫ضمائر الملكية ‪Possessive Pronouns-2‬‬ ‫*** تنقسم ضمائر الملكية إلى قسمين ‪:‬‬ ‫صفات الملكية ‪ Possessive Adjective -2‬ضمائر الملكية ‪Possessive -1‬‬ ‫‪Pronouns‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ضمائر الملكية عبارة عن ضمائر ل يأتي بعدها أسماء ‪. I saw his brother -9‬‬ ‫‪. This car is yours -2‬‬ ‫‪. This book is his -3‬‬ ‫‪. These cars are theirs -5‬‬ ‫‪. His name is Amjad -10‬‬ ‫ضمائر الشارة ) أسماء الشارة ( ‪Demonstrative Pronouns -3‬‬ ‫*** تشير إلى الشياء وتدل عليها أو تدل على الشياء لتحديدها ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬صفات الملكية عبارة عن صفات تأتى قبل السم وتصفه ‪. This car is mine -1‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ضمائر الشارة ‪Demonstrative Pronouns‬‬ ‫‪This‬‬ ‫‪That‬‬ ‫‪These‬‬ ‫‪Those‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬نستخدم ) ‪ ( This‬بمعنى ) هذا ‪ /‬هذه ( كاسم إشارة للمفرد القريب للمذكر‬ ‫والمؤنث ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬هذا الجدول يوضح لك ضمائر الملكية وصفات الملكية ‪-:‬‬ ‫صفات‬ ‫الملكية ‪ Possessive Adjectives‬ضمائر‬ ‫الملكية ‪Possessive Pronouns‬‬ ‫ي ‪ /‬خاصتى ‪ my‬خاصتى ‪ /‬لى ‪mine‬‬ ‫ك ‪ /‬خاصتك ‪ your‬لك ‪yours‬‬ ‫ــه ‪ /‬خاصته ‪ his‬له ‪his‬‬ ‫ــها ‪ /‬خاصتها ‪ her‬لها ‪hers‬‬ ‫ــه ‪ /‬ــها لغير العاقل ‪ its‬له ‪ /‬لها لغير العاقل ‪its‬‬ ‫ـــنا ‪ our‬لنا ‪ours‬‬ ‫ــكم ‪ /‬ــكما ‪ /‬ــكن ‪ your‬لكم ‪yours‬‬ ‫ــهم ‪ /‬ــهما ‪ /‬ــهن ‪ their‬لهم ‪theirs‬‬ ‫أمثلة ‪Examples‬‬ ‫‪. My pencil is on the table -6‬‬ ‫‪.

He hurt himself -2 . These girls are my friends -3 . Those stories are interesting -4 Reflexive Pronouns -4 ‫ضمائر انعكاسية‬ Reflexive Pronouns ‫الضمائر النعكاسية‬ myself ‫نفسي‬ yourself ‫نفسك‬ himself ‫نفسه‬ herself ‫نفسها‬ itself ‫ نفسها لغير العاقل‬/ ‫نفسه‬ ourselves ‫أنفسنا‬ yourselves ‫أنفسكم‬ themselves ‫أنفسهم‬ ‫*** الضمائر النعكاسية تدل على أن الفاعل هو الفاعل والمفعول به للفعل‬ : ‫نفسه‬ Examples . You can blame yourselves -8 ‫*** إذا جاءت الضمائر السابقة لتؤكد السم أو الضمير فإننا نسميها بالضمائر‬ : ‫التوكيدية‬ ( Emphasizing Pronouns ) Examples . These are chickens -9 . ‫والمؤنث‬ ‫ ( بمعنى ) أولئك ( كاسم إشارة للجمع البعيد للمذكر‬These ) ‫ نستخدم‬-4 . That book is his -2 . This is a book -1 .‫ تلك ( كاسم إشارة للمفرد البعيد للمذكر‬/ ‫ ( بمعنى ) ذاك‬That ) ‫ نستخدم‬-2 . These are monkeys -8 . We can blame ourselves -6 . ‫والمؤنث‬ Examples . That is your home -7 . She looks at herself the mirror -3 . This is my car -2 . That is a monkey -6 . ‫والمؤنث‬ ‫ ( بمعنى ) هؤلء ( كاسم إشارة للجمع القريب للمذكر‬These ) ‫ نستخدم‬-3 . They look at themselves in the mirror -7 . Those are my friends -11 -: ‫*** تصبح هذه الضمائر صفات إشارة إذا جاء السم بعدها مباشرة‬ . I hurt myself -1 . This book is for my brother -1 . This is my home -3 . The dog looks at itself in the mirror -5 . Those are your books -10 . This is a picture -4 . That is an elephant -5 . You can blame yourself -4 .

Amjad himself read the story . He himself was ill -1 -2 -3 -4 Interrogative Pronouns -5 ‫ضمائر استفهامية‬ ‫*** ضمائر الستفهام عبارة عن ضمائر تستخدم للسؤال ) تبدأ بها الجمل‬ ( ‫الستفهام لنستفسر عن شخص أو شيء‬ Interrogative Pronouns ‫الضمائر النعكاسية‬ Who ( ‫ من ) للفاعل‬/ ‫للعاقل‬ Whose ( ‫ لمن ) مضاف‬/ ‫للعاقل‬ Whom ( ‫ من ) منصوب – مجرور‬/ ‫للعاقل‬ Which ( ‫ أي ) للتمييز‬/ ‫للعاقل وغير العاقل‬ What ‫ ماذا‬/ ‫للشياء ــــ للشخاص‬ Examples ? Who is here -1 ? Whose bicycle did he take -2 ? What do you want -3 ? Who did it -4 ? Who took my pen -5 ? Who are you -6 ? Whose pencils are these -7 ? Whom did you invite -8 ? What letters did you write -9 ? Which book do you want -10 ? What time is it -11 . ‫ ( للشخاص والشياء‬none ‫*** نستخدم ) ل أحد‬ . ‫ذلك تعتبر ضمائر‬ . ‫ ( في حالة النفي والسؤال‬any ‫*** نستخدم ) أي‬ . ( ‫ ( مع السماء المعدودة وغير المعدودة بمعنى ) بعض‬some ) ‫*** نستخدم‬ ‫ أي شخص‬/ everyone ‫ كل واحد‬/ everybody ‫*** نستخدم ) كل شخص‬ / anybody ‫ للتعبير عن‬somebody ) ‫ شخص ما‬/ someone ‫ أحد ما‬/ anyone ‫أي أحد‬ . ‫ ( إذا سبقت السماء سميا صفتين استفهاميتين‬What / Which ) ‫*** كل من‬ ? Which book do you want ( ** ) ? What time is it ( ** ) Indefinite Pronouns -6 ( ‫ضمائر غير محددة ) نكرة‬ something somebody someone some anything anybody anyone any nothing none nobody no everything everybody everyone every enough many much ‫ـــــ‬ neither either ‫ـــــ ـــــ‬ another other ‫ـــــ ـــــ‬ both each all ‫ـــــ‬ ‫ ما دون‬، ‫*** الضمائر النكرة إذا سبقت السماء مباشرة لتصفها نعتبرها صفات‬ . Ali himself write the letter .. ‫ ( للشياء‬everything ‫*** نستخدم ) كل شيء‬ . ‫ ( للشياء في حالة الستفهام‬anything ‫*** نستخدم ) أي شيء‬ . Huda herself write the lesson . ‫الشخاص‬ .

Some of the bananas are good and some are bad -3‬‬ ‫‪. is a woman -7‬‬ ‫‪ . is an engineer -4‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫) يكفى ‪ ( enough‬للعدد والكمية ‪. is a father -2‬‬ ‫‪ . The boy who plays there .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. is my brother -1‬‬ ‫‪. is a husband -5‬‬ ‫‪ . The girl who plays there .‬‬ ‫) الكثير ‪ ( much‬للكمية ‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. None of them was sad -7‬‬ ‫‪. There is nothing in the fridge-8‬‬ ‫‪. This is the boy whose bike was stolen -7‬‬ ‫‪. I have much money -9‬‬ ‫‪. The girls who came are my friend -5‬‬ ‫‪. is my daughter -2‬‬ ‫‪. I have lost book which I bought -3‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫العديد ‪ ( many‬للعدد ‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. is a doctor -1‬‬ ‫‪ .‫) ل شيء ‪ ( nothing‬للشياء ‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. The man who came is my teacher -9‬‬ ‫‪. There are some books on the table -1‬‬ ‫‪. This is the dog that makes a lot of noise -8‬‬ ‫‪. Some students came early and many of them came late -10‬‬ ‫ضمائر الوصل ‪Relative Pronouns -7‬‬ ‫ضمائر الوصل ‪Relative Pronouns‬‬ ‫الذي ‪ /‬التي ) للعاقل ( الفاعل ‪Who‬‬ ‫الذي ‪ /‬التي ) للملكية ( ‪Whose‬‬ ‫الذي ‪ /‬التي ) مفعول به ( ‪Whom‬‬ ‫الذي ‪ /‬التي ) لغير العاقل ( فاعل أو مفعول به ‪Which‬‬ ‫الذي ‪ /‬التي ) للعاقل وغير العاقل ( فاعل أو مفعول به ‪That‬‬ ‫*** ضمير الوصل يحل محل اسم أو ضمير ويصل بين جملتين ‪. The boys who came are my friends -4‬‬ ‫‪. There isn't any sugar in the kitchen -6‬‬ ‫‪. is a wife -6‬‬ ‫‪ . is a teacher -3‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫*** نستخدم‬ ‫*** نستخدم‬ ‫*** نستخدم‬ ‫*** نستخدم‬ ‫‪Examples‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. This the cat which I don't like -10‬‬ ‫‪( Exercise ( 1‬‬ ‫ضع هذه الضمائر في الجمل التية *** ‪Put ( he / she / it / they ) in the‬‬ ‫‪-: following sentences‬‬ ‫‪. The student whose bicycle broke down asked for help -6‬‬ ‫‪. There is somebody in the classroom -4‬‬ ‫‪? Is there any thing in the fridge -5‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪Examples‬‬ ‫‪. There is some sugar in the kitchen -2‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.

‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. are teachers -12‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Are the tables things -8‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. is a book -8‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪? Is this a book -1‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. are in the club -20‬‬ ‫‪ . is queen -14‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is this a car -3‬‬ ‫‪.‬استخدم ) ‪ ( he / she / it / they‬في‬ ‫الجابات ‪. are students -11‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. are doctors -18‬‬ ‫‪ . is a widow -10‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪( Exercise ( 2‬‬ ‫*** ‪Answer these questions affirmatively .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Are the pupils in the classroom -5‬‬ ‫‪. is a picture -9‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is the girl in the classroom -6‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is this a pen -2‬‬ ‫‪. is on the table -19‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is the teacher in the bus -10‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. is a lion -15‬‬ ‫‪ . is a mother -16‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is the student in the classroom -4‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ .‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is a chair a thing -7‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. are people -17‬‬ ‫‪ .‫‪. Use ( he / she / it / they‬‬ ‫(‬ ‫‪-: in the answers‬‬ ‫*** أجب هذه السئلة بصيغة الثبات ‪ .‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is the doctor in the clinic -9‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. is a king -13‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.

‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is this a train -2‬‬ ‫‪. that car is -5‬‬ .‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Are tables people -7‬‬ ‫‪. ( we – us – them‬‬ ‫‪( Exercise ( 5‬‬ ‫*** ‪-: ( Put ( Possessive Pronoun‬‬ ‫‪..‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is the doctor in the clinic -10‬‬ ‫‪. .‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is a girl a thing -6‬‬ ‫‪..‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Are these cars -5‬‬ ‫‪. ( him – he – she‬‬ ‫‪He speaks Arabic to ( we – us – she ) and ( she – we – us ) -4‬‬ ‫‪. that book is -3‬‬ ‫‪.……………………… We have a car . ( her‬‬ ‫‪He speaks Arabic to ( I – me – him ) and I speak English to -3‬‬ ‫) ‪. ……………………… He has a car .‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is the teacher in the classroom -8‬‬ ‫‪.‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Are these pictures -4‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪? Is this a car -1‬‬ ‫‪.‬استخدم ) ‪ ( he / she / it / they‬في‬ ‫الجابات ‪. . . that car is -4‬‬ ‫‪.…………………… I have a care .. that car is -2‬‬ ‫‪. Use ( he / she / it / they‬‬ ‫‪-: in the answers‬‬ ‫*** أجب هذه السئلة بصيغة النفي ‪ .‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is the door open -9‬‬ ‫‪.……………………… They have a car .‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Is this a picture -3‬‬ ‫‪.‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪( Exercise ( 4‬‬ ‫*** ‪-: Choose the correct pronoun‬‬ ‫‪.………………… She has a book . . ( speak English to ( he – I – him‬‬ ‫‪We know ( them – they – we ) very well and they know -5‬‬ ‫) ‪. that car is -1‬‬ ‫‪.‫‪( Exercise ( 3‬‬ ‫*** ‪( Answer these questions negatively .. ( Ali goes to the sea and Amjad goes with ( he – him – I -1‬‬ ‫‪Heba see ( I – he – me ) in the bus and I see ( she – him – -2‬‬ ‫‪.

………………… Ahmed has hurt -2 . ………………… She hurt -3 .They are students -5 . We do our work -4 . . I will be in the university next year -10 Past Participle Past Present Pronouns done did do I done did does He done did does She done did does It done did do We done did do You done did do They -: Examples *** . We were in England last month -8 . . We saw …………………. The children saw ………………….. that car is -6 ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ( Exercise ( 6 -: ( Put ( Reflexive Pronoun *** . in the mirror -1 . In the mirror -5 Past Participle Past Present Pronouns been was am I been was is He been was is She been was is It been were are We been were are You been were are They -: Examples *** . I am a teacher -1 . They do their work -5 ... I am a student -2 . I did my work -6 . He does his homework -2 . He will be 22 next month -9 . in the mirror -4 . I do my homework -1 . The cat saw ………………. She does her homework -3 ..………………………… You have a car . He is a doctor -3 .She is a nurse -4 . We are in the school -6 I was in England last month -7 .

We did our work -9 . We will have a new house next month -10 Exercise -: Choose the correct verb .. We ( will have – have – had ) a new house next month -9 . He ( has – have – had ) a car last month -2 . She had a new house -9 . They will do their work tomorrow -10 Past Participle Past Present Pronouns had had have I had had has He had had has She had had has It had had have We had had have You had had have They -: Examples *** . He ( had – has – have ) a computer yesterday -12 . He has a computer -3 . He did his homework yesterday -7 . She ( does – did – do ) her homework yesterday -13 . They ( had – have – has ) a bus last month-10 . I have a car -2 . I ( am – was – is ) a student last year -3 . I ( do – did – does ) my work everyday -1 . He ( is – were – be ) a teacher -5 . He had a computer -8 . We have a new house-5 . I have a new house -1 . I had a car last year -7 . She has a car-4 . I ( was – is – am ) a student -11 . They have a new television-6 . she ( be – will be – is ) a nurse next year -4 . I ( do – does – did ) my work yesterday -8 . She did her homework last week -8 . I ( have – had – has ) a car last year -6 . We ( has – have – had ) a new house yesterday -7 .

... They ( did – do – does ) their work everyday -16 . We play football every week *** . She ( do – does – did ) her work every month -14 ..play / plays -: Some words which come with present simple tense *** always ‫دائما‬ usually ‫عادة‬ ( ………… every ( day / week ( . We ( are – were – was ) students last year -20 -: We use this tense to express about *** FACTS 2.. The earth is round *** -: HABITS -2 .... She ( is – was – will be ) a nurse next month -19 ... They ( did – do – does ) their work yesterday -17 .HABITS -1 -: ‫*** نستخدم زمن المضارع البسيط لنعبر عن‬ ‫ العادات‬-2 ‫ الحقائق‬-1 -: FACTS -1 .. ‫ ( مع بقية الضمائر‬s ) ‫ الفعل بدون‬-2 he / ) ‫ ( مع‬es ) ‫ ( نضيف إلى أخره‬o / ss / ch / sh / x ) ‫ إذا انتهى الفعل بــ‬-3 ………… Ali / cat / Huda ‫ ( أو مع اسم يحل محل هذه الضمائر مثل‬she / it go : goes watch : watches cross : crosses box : boxes wash : washes ( y ) ‫ ( بدل من‬i ) ‫ ( وجاء قبله حرف ساكن نقوم بوضع‬y ) ‫ إذا انتهى الفعل بـ‬-4 ‫ ( مع‬es ) ‫ثم نضيف‬ he / she / it : .study / studies ) ‫ ( نضيف‬a / e / i / o / u ) ‫ ( وجاء قبله حرف متحرك‬y ) ‫ إذا انتهى الفعل بـ‬-5 ‫ ( مع‬s he / she / it : .. She ( is – was – were ) a teacher last month -18 .. We ( do – will do – did ) our work tomorrow -15 . She goes to school everyday *** -: Formation *** play verb + I plays s + verb + He plays s + verb + She plays s + verb + It play verb + We play verb + You play verb + They -: ‫*** يتكون زمن المضارع البسيط من‬ Ali / ‫ أو اسم يحل محل الضمير مثل‬he / she / it ‫ (مع‬es ) ‫ ( أو‬s ) + ‫ الفعل‬-1 ………… cat / Huda .... It rains in winter *** ... ‫ أسبوع‬/ ‫كل ) يوم‬ often ‫غالبا‬ sometimes ‫أحيانا‬ ...

from England come don't I come doesn't He come doesn't She come doesn't It come don't We come don't You come don't They ) ‫ نستخدم عند النفي ( المصدر‬s ) ) ‫*** إذا كان الفعل في زمن مضارع بدون‬ ( do not ) ‫ أو‬+ don't . We always spend our holidays abroad -1 . I get up at 5. He plays tennis every month -4 .30 everyday -2 . They play football -2 . They don't play football ) ‫ نستخدم عند النفي ( المصدر‬s ) ) ‫*** إذا كان الفعل في زمن مضارع مضافا له‬ ( does not ) ‫ أو‬+ doesn't . He generally wears a dark suit -5 ( Present Simple Tense ( Negative *** ( ‫*** زمن المضارع البسيط ) النفي‬ -: Negative ‫النفي‬ . He doesn't speak Arabic . I don't speak Arabic . I speak Arabic -1 . The dog often sits there -3 . He plays football -2 .generally ‫عموما‬ daily ‫يوميا‬ weekly ‫أسبوعيا‬ monthly ‫شهريا‬ yearly ‫سنويا‬ frequently ‫مرارا‬ rarely ‫نادرا‬ scarcely ‫نادرا‬ -: ‫*** بعض الكلمات التي تستخدم مع زمن المضارع البسيط‬ -: Examples *** . He speaks Arabic -1 . He doesn't play football ( Present Simple Tense ( Interrogative *** ( ‫*** زمن المضارع البسيط ) الستفهام‬ -: Interrogative .

I speak Arabic -1 ? Do I speak Arabic . He speaks Arabic -1 ? Does he speak Arabic . ‫حدث بدأ وانتهى في الماضي‬ . He plays football -2 ? Does he play football -: We use this tense to express about *** . ‫ (ما عدا الفعال الشاذة‬ed ) ‫*** نضيف للفعل‬ d ) : live / lived hate / hated ) ‫ ( نضيف له‬e ) ‫***إذا انتهى الفعل بـ‬ ) ‫ (ثم نضيف‬y ) ‫ ( وجاء قبله حرف ساكن نقوم بحذف‬y ) ‫*** إذا انتهى الفعل بـ‬ : ( ied . I went to Gaza last month -1 .‫الستفهام‬ ? work I Do he Does she Does it Does we Do you Do they Do ‫ نستخدم عند الستفهام ( المصدر‬s ) ) ‫*** إذا كان الفعل في زمن مضارع بدون‬ + Do ) ‫ الفاعل‬+ . They play football -2 ? Do they play football ( ‫ نستخدم عند الستفهام‬s ) ) ‫*** إذا كان الفعل في زمن مضارع مضافا له‬ + Does ) ‫ الفاعل‬+ ‫المصدر‬ . An action that started and finished in the past -: ‫*** نستخدم زمن الماضي البسيط لنعبر عن‬ . We played tennis yesterday -2 -: Formation *** Past Participle Past Present ‫التصريف الثالث الماضي المضارع‬ gone went go played played play worked worked work eaten ate eat spoken spoke speak written wrote write met met meet walked walked walk -: ‫*** يتكون زمن الماضي البسيط من‬ ( ‫ التصريف الثاني للفعل ) كما هو موضح في العمود الثاني من الجدول السابق‬-1 .

I visited my uncle two weeks ago -6 . I swam in the sea last summer -4 . They didn't play football ------------------------------------------------------------- . Ali and Ahmed visited me last summer -9 ( Past Simple Tense ( Negative *** ( ‫*** زمن الماضي البسيط ) النفي‬ -: Negative ‫النفي‬ . She lived in Gaza last year -7 . ‫*** في نهاية هذا الدرس سوف تجد جدول للفعال الشاذة فيجب حفظها‬ -: Some words which come with past simple tense *** -: ‫*** بعض الكلمات التي تستخدم مع زمن الماضي البسيط‬ yesterday ‫بالمس‬ ago ‫منذ‬ three weeks ago ‫منذ ثلث أسابيع‬ four months ago ‫منذ أربع أشهر‬ three years ago ‫منذ ثلث سنوات‬ last ‫الماضي‬ last night ‫الليلة الماضية‬ last week ‫السبوع الماضي‬ last month ‫الشهر الماضي‬ last year ‫السنة الماضية‬ in the past ‫في الماضي‬ -: Examples *** . I spoke Arabic -1 . I went to the club last week -3 .cry / cried study / studied ) ‫ ( نضيف‬a / e / i / o / u ) ‫ ( وجاء قبله حرف متحرك‬y ) ‫*** إذا انتهى الفعل بـ‬ : ( ed enjoy / enjoyed borrow / borrowed : d ) die / died ) ‫ ( نضيف له‬ie ) ‫*** إذا انتهى الفعل بـ‬ . He wrote his lesson yesterday -8 . She wrote her letter yesterday -5 . football play didn't I play didn't He play didn't She play didn't It play didn't We play didn't You play didn't They ( did not ) ‫ أو‬+ didn't ) ‫*** ننفي زمن الماضي البسيط باستخدام ( المصدر‬ . We played football yesterday -2 . I met her last week -1 . I didn't speak Arabic . They played football -2 .

They play football -2 ? Did they play football Past Participle Past Simple ‫اسم المفعول‬ Meaning ‫الماضي البسيط‬ Present Simple ‫المعنى‬ ‫المضارع البسيط‬ be ‫ يكون‬been was / were beat ‫ يضرب‬beaten beat become ‫ يصبح‬become became begin ‫ يبدأ‬begun began bend ‫ ينحني‬/ ‫ يثنى‬bent bent bite ‫ يعض‬bitten bit bleed ‫ يدمى‬bled bled blow ‫ يهب‬blown blew break ‫ يكسر‬broken broke bring ‫ يحضر‬brought brought build ‫ يبني‬built built burn ‫ يشتعل‬/ ‫ يحرق‬burned / burnt burned / burnt buy ‫ يشترى‬bought bought catch ‫ يمسك‬caught caught choose ‫ يختار‬chosen chose come ‫ يأتي‬come came . I speak Arabic -1 ? Did I speak Arabic -------------------------------------------------------. They did not play football ( Past Simple Tense ( Interrogative *** ( ‫*** زمن الماضي البسيط ) الستفهام‬ -: Interrogative ‫الستفهام‬ ? work I Did he she it we you they + Did ) ‫ الفاعل‬+ ‫*** نستخدم عند الستفهام صيغة ( المصدر‬ . I spoke Arabic -1 . They played football -2 .. I did not speak Arabic .

cost ‫ يكلف‬cost cost cut ‫ يقطع‬cut cut deal ‫ يتعامل‬dealt dealt die ‫ يموت‬died died dig ‫ يحفر‬dug dug do ‫ يفعل‬done did draw ‫ يرسم‬drawn drew dream ‫ يحلم‬dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt drink ‫ يشرب‬drunk drank drive ‫ يقود‬driven drove eat ‫ يأكل‬eaten ate fall ‫ يقع‬fallen fell feed ‫ يطعم‬fed fed feel ‫ يشعر‬felt felt fight ‫ يحارب‬fought fought find ‫ يجد‬found found fly ‫ يطير‬flown flew forbid ‫ يحرم‬/ ‫ يمنع‬forbidden forbade forecast ‫ يتنبأ‬/ ‫ يتوقع‬forecast forecast forget ‫ ينسى‬forgotten forgot freeze ‫ يجمد‬/ ‫ يتجمد‬frozen froze get ‫ يحصل‬got got give ‫ يعطي‬given gave go ‫ يذهب‬gone went grow ‫ يزرع‬/ ‫ ينمو‬grown grew hang ‫ يشنق‬/ ‫ يعلق‬hung hung have / has ‫ يملك‬had had hear ‫ يسمع‬heard heard hide ‫ يخفى‬/ ‫ يختبئ‬hidden hid hit ‫ يضرب‬/ ‫ يصدم‬hit hit hold ‫ يمسك‬held held hurt ‫ يجرح‬/ ‫ يؤذى‬hurt hurt keep ‫ يحفظ‬kept kept know ‫ يعرف‬known knew lay ‫ يضع‬/ ‫ تبيض‬laid laid lead ‫ يقود‬led led learn ‫ يتعلم‬learned / learnt learned / learnt leave ‫ يترك‬/ ‫ يغادر‬left left lend ‫ يقرض‬/ ‫ يعير‬lent lent let ‫ يدع‬let let lie ‫ يرقد‬lain lay lie ‫ يكذب‬lied lied light ‫ يضئ‬lit lit lose ‫ يخسر‬/ ‫ يفقد‬lost lost make ‫ يصنع‬/ ‫ يعمل‬made made mean ‫ يعنى‬meant meant meet ‫ يقابل‬met met pay ‫ يدفع‬paid paid put ‫ يضع‬put put read ‫ يقرأ‬read read ride ‫ يركب‬ridden rode ring ‫ يقرع‬/ ‫ يرن‬rung rang rise ‫ تشرق‬/ ‫ ينهض‬risen rose run ‫ يجرى‬run ran .

say ‫ يقول‬said said see ‫ يرى‬seen saw sell ‫ يبيع‬sold sold seek ‫ يبحث عن‬sought sought send ‫ يرسل‬sent sent set ‫ تغرب‬/ ‫ يضع‬set set sew ‫ يخيط‬sewn sewed shake ‫ يرتعش‬/ ‫ يهز‬shaken shook shine ‫ يتألق‬/ ‫ يضئ‬shone shone shoot ( ‫ يطلق ) الرصاص‬shot shot show ‫ يعرض‬shown showed shrink ‫ ينكمش‬shrunk shrank shut ‫ يقفل‬shut shut sing ‫ يغنى‬sung sang sink ‫ يغطس‬sunk sank sit ‫ يجلس‬sat sat sleep ‫ ينام‬slept slept smell ‫ يشم‬smelled / smelt smelled / smelt speak ‫ يتكلم‬spoken spoke spell ‫ يهجى‬spelled / spelt spelled / spelt spend ‫ يقضى وقتا‬/ ‫ ينفق‬spent spent spill ‫ يسكب‬spilled / spilt spilled / spilt spoil ‫ يتلف‬spoilt spoilt spread ‫ ينتشر‬spread spread stand ‫ يقف‬stood stood steal ‫ يسرق‬stolen stole stick ‫ يلتصق‬/ ‫ يلصق‬stuck stuck strike ‫ يضرب عن‬struck struck sweep ‫ يكتسح‬/ ‫ يكنس‬swept swept swim ‫ يسبح‬swum swam swing ‫ يؤرجح‬swung swung take ‫ يأخذ‬taken took teach ‫ يعلم‬taught taught tear ‫ يمزق‬torn tore tell ‫ يخبر‬told told think ‫ يفكر‬/ ‫ يظن‬thought thought throw ‫ يلقى‬/ ‫ يرمى‬thrown threw understand ‫ يفهم‬understood understood wake ‫ يستيقظ‬/ ‫ يوقظ‬woke / waked woke / waked wear ‫ يلبس‬/ ‫ يرتدى‬worn wore weep ‫ يبكى‬wept wept win ‫ يربح‬/ ‫ يفوز‬won won write ‫ يكتب‬written wrote Exercise -: Complete the table *** Past Participle Past Simple ‫اسم المفعول‬ Meaning ‫الماضي البسيط‬ Present Simple ‫المعنى‬ ‫المضارع البسيط‬ understand took .

She is reading now -3 .been swim drink eaten steal written won teach saw tell read let had go done know -: We use this tense to express about *** ( An action which are happening at the time of speaking ( now -: ‫*** نستخدم زمن المضارع المستمر لنعبر عن‬ ( ‫حدث يحدث لحظة التكلم ) الن‬ . ‫ ( على حسب الفاعل‬am / is / are + verb + ing ) -: Some words which come with present continuous tense *** -: ‫*** بعض الكلمات التي تستخدم مع زمن المضارع المستمر‬ now ‫الن‬ at this moment ‫في هذه اللحظة‬ ! look ! ‫أنظر‬ ! listen ! ‫استمع‬ at present time ‫في الوقت الحاضر‬ at present ‫في الحاضر‬ still ‫ل يزال‬ -: Examples *** . She is reading the newspaper at this moment -2 . They are playing are this moment -4 -: Formation *** ing + verb + am + I ing + verb + is + He ing + verb + is + She ing + verb + is + It ing + verb + are + We ing + verb + are + You ing + verb + are + They -: ‫*** يتكون زمن المضارع المستمر من‬ . He is writing now -2 . I am speaking at this moment -1 . He is singing now -1 .

perception and *** . She is reading -4 . playing not am I not is He not is She not is It not are We not are You not are They am / is / are + not + verb + ) ‫*** ننفي زمن المضارع المستمر باستخدام‬ ( ing . possessing aren't used in the continuous forms ، ‫ العاطفة‬، ‫ التفكير‬، ‫*** ل نستخدم زمن المضارع المستمر مع أفعال الحواس‬ -: ‫الدراك والملكية‬ think detest mean see posses belong seem hear believe contain suppose smell forget desire know notice refuse want remember taste forgive hope agree feel own mind understand like realize appear recognize hate matter need dislike consist trust recall care owe keep gather love wish ( Present Continuous Tense ( Negative *** ( ‫*** زمن المضارع المستمر ) النفي‬ -: Negative ‫النفي‬ . He is not working . I am writing at this moment -3 -4 -5 -6 -: Note *** Verbs of senses . emotion . I am writing -1 . We are playing -3 . We are not playing . Look ! the teacher is coming . I am not writing . thinking . He is working -2 . It is raining now .. She is not reading . Listen ! girls are singing .

We are playing -2 ? Are we playing . ‫حدث في الماضي قطع بواسطة حدث آخر‬ . the telephone rang -1 . action in the past which was interrupted by another action -: ‫*** نستخدم زمن الماضي المستمر لنعبر عن‬ . He is working -1 ? Is he working . While I was reading . She is reading -3 ? Is she reading -: We use this tense to express about *** . As we were coming to school .( Present Continuous Tense ( Interrogative *** ( ‫*** زمن المضارع المستمر ) الستفهام‬ -: Interrogative ‫الستفهام‬ ? working I Am he Is she it we Are you they am / is / are ) + ‫ الفاعل‬+ ‫ الفعل‬+ ( ing ‫*** نستخدم عند الستفهام صيغة‬ . we saw an accident -2 -: Formation *** ing + verb + was + I ing + verb + was + He ing + verb + was + She ing + verb + was + It ing + verb + were + We ing + verb + were + You ing + verb + were + They -: ‫*** يتكون زمن الماضي المستمر من‬ . ‫ ( على حسب الفاعل كما هو موضح في الجدول‬was / were + verb + ing ) -: Some words which come with past continuous tense *** -: ‫*** بعض الكلمات التي تستخدم مع زمن الماضي المستمر‬ .

She was reading -4 . We were playing -3 . I hurt my leg -1 .while ‫بينما‬ as ‫بينما‬ when ‫عندما‬ -: Examples *** . ‫آخر‬ -: ‫*** مـلحــــــــــــــظــــــــــــــــــــــــة‬ ‫ الحدث الخر عبارة عن فعل في زمن الماضي البسيط كما هو موضح في‬-1 . While she was sweeping the floor . ‫فى المثال السادس‬ ( Past Continuous Tense ( Negative *** ( ‫*** زمن الماضي المستمر ) النفي‬ -: Negative ‫النفي‬ . ‫ ( فعل في زمن الماضي البسيط‬when ) ‫ يأتي بعد‬-2 . she found her ring -2 We were writing when the telephone rang -3 . He was working -2 . Hany was talking on the phone -5 . As I was climbing a tree .. I was writing -1 . I was not writing . My uncle came while I was reading a story -6 ‫*** يعبر زمن الماضي المستمر عن حدث استمر في الماضي قبل وقوع حدث‬ . We were not playing . ‫المثلة‬ . a policeman stop us -4 . playing not was I not was He not was She not was It not were We not were You not were They was / were + not + verb + ) ‫*** ننفي زمن الماضي المستمر باستخدام‬ ( ing . ‫ ( فعل في زمن الماضي المستمر‬when ) ‫ يأتي قبل‬-3 ‫ في وسط الجملة فل نستخدم الفاصلة كما هو موضح‬while ) ‫ (أو‬as ‫ إذا جاءت‬-4 . As we coming here . He was not working . When I arrived .

‫والمستقبل‬ . She was reading -3 ? Was she reading -: We use this tense to express about ** An action completed a very short time ago / An action which began in the past and which may be continuing in the present . He has just arrived home -1 .. He was working -1 ? Was he working . She was not reading ( Past Continuous Tense ( Interrogative *** ( ‫*** زمن الماضي المستمر ) الستفهام‬ -: Interrogative ‫الستفهام‬ ? working I Was he she it we Were you they was / were ) + ‫ الفاعل‬+ ‫ الفعل‬+ ( ing ‫*** نستخدم عند الستفهام صيغة‬ . We have lived in Khanyounis since 1990 -2 . He has been in Jordan for three years -3 -: Formation *** past participle + have + I past participle + has + He past participle + has + She past participle + has + It past participle + have + We past participle + have + You past participle + have + They -: ‫*** يتكون زمن المضارع التام من‬ . and future -: ‫*** نستخدم زمن المضارع التام لنعبر عن‬ ‫ حدث بدأ في الماضي وربما يستمر في الحاضر‬/ ‫حدث تم منذ وقت قصير‬ . We were playing -2 ? Were we playing .

‫ ( على حسب الفاعل‬has / have + p. played not have I not has He not has She not has It not have We not have You not have They ( has / have + not + p. The manager has been a lot of changes recently -9 . ‫ ( في النفي والسؤال كما هو موضح في المثلة‬yet ) ‫*** نستخدم‬ ‫ ( مع توقيت زمني منذ ذلك الوقت وحتى وقت الكلم كما‬since ) ‫*** نستخدم‬ . ‫هو موضح في المثلة‬ ‫لفترة زمنية تمتد إلى الوقت الحاضر كما هو موضح في المثلة‬for ) ) ‫***نستخدم‬ . He has already done his homework -2 . My father has just arrived home -1 ..p ) -: Some words which come with present perfect tense *** -: ‫*** بعض الكلمات التي تستخدم مع زمن المضارع التام‬ since ‫منذ‬ for ‫لمدة‬ just ‫توا‬ already ‫بالفعل‬ yet ‫بعد‬ never ( ‫ابدآ ) للنفي‬ ever ( ‫الي البد ) للسؤال‬ lately ‫ منذ عهد قريب‬/ ‫ حديثا‬/ ‫مؤخرا‬ recently ‫حديثا‬ -: Examples *** . The train hasn't arrived yet -4 ? Has she arrived yet -5 ? Hasn't he come yet -6 . ‫المثلة‬ . ‫المثلة‬ ‫ ( في السؤال كما هو موضح في‬ever ) ‫*** نستخدم زمن المضارع التام مع‬ . I have just received a letter from my mother -3 . We have never gone to Lebanon -7 ? Have you ever been to Jordan -8 . He has never learned Hebrew -10 ‫ ( في النفي كما هو موضح في‬never ) ‫*** نستخدم زمن المضارع التام مع‬ .p ) ‫*** ننفي زمن المضارع التام باستخدام‬ . ( Present perfect Tense ( Negative *** ( ‫*** زمن المضارع التام ) النفي‬ -: Negative ‫النفي‬ .

( show which of two ( events happened first -: ‫*** نستخدم زمن الماضي التام لنعبر عن‬ . I have written -1 . After he had finished work. ( ‫** حدث قبل حدث آخر في الماضي ) يعرض أي من الحدثين حدث أول‬ . He has not worked . He has worked -1 ? Has he worked . We have not played . She has not read ( Present Perfect Tense ( Interrogative *** ( ‫*** زمن المضارع التام ) الستفهام‬ -: Interrogative ‫الستفهام‬ ? worked I Have he Has she it we Have you they has / have ) + ‫ الفاعل‬+ ( p. he went home-1 . He has worked -2 . We have played -3 . ‫** حدث تام في الماضي قبل حدث آخر وهو الماضي البسيط‬ . We have played -2 ? Have we played .p ‫*** نستخدم عند الستفهام صيغة‬ .She has read -3 ? Has she read -: We use this tense to express about *** An action before another action in the past . I have not written . She has read -4 .. He had finished work before he went home -2 -: Formation *** past participle + had + I past participle + had + He .

p ) -: Some words which come with past perfect tense *** -: ‫*** بعض الكلمات التي تستخدم مع زمن الماضي التام‬ after ‫بعد‬ before ‫قبل‬ till ‫حتى‬ until ‫حتى‬ as soon as ‫بمجرد ان‬ by the time ‫في نفس الوقت‬ -: Examples *** . He refused to go till he had seen all the papers -3 . I left the house -2 . He didn't write his report until he had read the papers -5 ( after ) ‫*** نستخدم الماضي التام بعد كلمة‬ ( before ) ‫*** نستخدم الماضي التام قبل كلمة‬ ( before ) ‫*** نستخدم الماضي البسيط بعد كلمة‬ ‫ ماضي بسيط‬-2 ‫ ماضي تام‬-1 : ‫*** في الجملة يكون زمنين‬ . He didn't write his report till he had read the documents -4 . ‫*** زمن الماضي التام يحدث أول ثم يليه زمن الماضي التام‬ Past perfect past simple ‫ماضي بسيط ماضي تام‬ Past simple past perfect ‫ماضي تام ماضي بسيط‬ ( Past Perfect Tense ( Negative *** ( ‫*** زمن الماضي التام ) النفي‬ -: Negative ‫النفي‬ . ‫*** زمن الماضي التام حدث واكتمل حدوثه قبل حدوث زمن الماضي البسيط‬ . As soon as I had eaten .past participle + had + She past participle + had + It past participle + had + We past participle + had + You past participle + had + They -: ‫*** يتكون زمن الماضي التام من‬ ( had + p. played not had I not had He not had She . He refused to go until he had seen all the documents -1 .

promises -1 future facts 5. I had not written . We had not played . She had not read ( Past Perfect Tense ( Interrogative *** ( ‫*** زمن الماضي التام ) الستفهام‬ -: Interrogative ‫الستفهام‬ ? worked I Had he she it we you they had ) + ‫ الفاعل‬+ ( p. We had played -3 .not had It not had We not had You not had They ( had + not + p.p ) ‫*** ننفي زمن الماضي التام باستخدام‬ . He had not worked . We had played -2 ? Had we played .She had read -3 ? Had she read -: We use this tense to express about *** *** .threat -3 . He had worked -2 .: Action will happen in the future prediction 4.offer 7.p ‫*** نستخدم عند الستفهام صيغة‬ . She had read -4 .arrangements -2 quick decision 6. I had written -1 . He had worked -1 ? Had he worked .

... They will soon speak Arabic well -8 . I will tell his teacher if he does it again -6 .. ‫ خلل السابيع القليلة‬/ ‫خلل اليام القليلة‬ …………… tonight ‫هذه الليلة‬ -: Examples *** .. We will visit our uncle next month -7 . They will visit me in the future -10 . I will cook dinner tonight -4 ... please .. We will travel abroad tomorrow -9 ..... Kamal : I will have an apple juice ... ‫ الشهر القادم‬/ ‫السبوع القادم‬ In the future ‫في المستقبل‬ soon ‫قريبا‬ in a few days / weeks . Our class will beat your class ... I will do it next week -11 ( Future Simple Tense ( Negative *** -: Negative ‫النفي‬ . I will see you on Saturday -5 .. three goals to one -1 . I will be 17 next year -2 ? Maher : Would you like an orange juice or an apple juice -3 ..-: ‫*** نستخدم زمن الماضي التام لنعبر عن‬ -: ‫*** حدث سوف يحدث في المستقبل‬ ‫ عرض‬-4 ‫ التنبؤ‬-1 ‫ ترتيبات‬-5 ‫ حقائق مستقبلية‬-2 ‫ تهديد‬-6 ‫ قرار سريع‬-3 ‫ وعود‬-7 -: Formation *** infinitive + will + I infinitive + will + He infinitive + will + She infinitive + will + It infinitive + will + We infinitive + will + You infinitive + will + They -: ‫*** يتكون زمن المستقبل البسيط من‬ ( will + ‫) المصدر‬ -: Some words which come with future simple tense *** -: ‫*** بعض الكلمات التي تستخدم مع زمن المستقبل البسيط‬ tomorrow ‫غدا‬ next ‫ التالي‬/ ‫القادم‬ …………… Next week / month ...

will + not + inf ) ‫*** ننفي زمن المستقبل البسيط باستخدام‬ ..inf ‫*** نستخدم عند الستفهام صيغة‬ . She will read -4 . He will work -1 ? Will he work . We will not play . She will not read . We will play -2 ? Will we play . ‫ ( في الثبات‬II' ) ‫ ( الي‬will ) ‫*** يمكن أن نختصر‬ . I will write -1 . He will not work . play not will I not will He not will She not will It not will We not will You not will They ( . He will work -2 . We will play -3 . I will not write . ‫ ( في النفي‬won't ) ‫ ( الي‬will not ) ‫*** يمكن أن نختصر‬ ( Future Simple Tense ( Interrogative *** ( ‫*** زمن المستقبل البسيط ) الستفهام‬ -: Interrogative ‫الستفهام‬ ? work I Will he she it we you they will ) + ‫ الفاعل‬+ ( .

‫ إنها سوف تمطر‬.She will read -3 ? Will she read : We use (going to ) express about *** evidence 2. Butchers ( sell ) meat -4 ……………………………………………… .. ‫أنظر إلى السماء‬ ( . It is going to rain ** : ‫معني الجملة السابقة‬ .30 -1 ……………………………………………… .30 o'clock -3 ……………………………………………… . He (finish) his homework yesterday -9 ………………………………………………… . We ( visit ) our uncle two weeks ago -10 ……………………………………………… .intention -1 : ‫ ( للتعبير عن‬going to ) ‫*** نستخدم‬ ‫ نية‬-3 ‫ خطة شخصية‬-2 ‫ دليل‬-1 Formation *** infinitive + going to + am I infinitive + going to + is He infinitive + going to + is She infinitive + going to + is It infinitive + going to + are We infinitive + going to + are You infinitive + going to + are They . I ( go ) to the market last week -8 ……………………………………………… .personal plan 3. ‫ لن هناك دليل على المطر وهو الغيوم‬going to ‫) في هذه الجملة استخدمنا‬ ( am / is / are ) ‫ ( بعد‬not ) ‫ نستخدم كلمة‬/ ‫*** للنفي‬ . I usually ( gets ) up at 6. Cats ( eat ) mice -6 ……………………………………………… . The boy and girls ( go ) to the sea every week -5 ……………………………………………… . We ( plays ) football everyday -2 ……………………………………………… . He always ( go ) to bed at 9. Look at the sky . The sun ( rise ) in the east -7 ……………………………………………… . ‫ ( قبل الفاعل‬am / is / are ) ‫ نضع‬/ ‫*** للسؤال‬ ( Exercise ( 1 -: Put the verb in brackets into the correct form *** .

As soon as he ( leave ) home . What you ( read ) now -22 ………………………………………………… . I ( read ) now -13 ……………………………………………… . They ( watch ) the television yesterday -28 ………………………………………………… . After Ali ( go ) . I ( travel ) to Cairo next year -33 ……………………………………………… . Soha (come ) in -15 ……………………………………………… . She ( read ) the story tomorrow -21 ……………………………………………… . He ( buy ) a car next month -26 ………………………………………………… .. He ( played ) tennis every month -34 ……………………………………………… . I ( live ) in Nablus since 1998 -16 ………………………………………………… . I ( meet ) my friend two years ago -35 ……………………………………………… . While I ( swim ) . it ( rain ) yet -17 ……………………………………………… . While we ( eat ) . He ( leaves ) in a few days -24 ………………………………………………… . She ( cleans ) the classroom now -30 ………………………………………………… . Students ( come ) to school everyday -37 . he ( see ) a friend -19 ……………………………………………… . Huda ( arrive ) to Egypt next week -20 ……………………………………………… . someone ( steal ) my car -29 ………………………………………………… . Ali opened the door -14 ………………………………………………… . We ( visit ) the museum next month -23 ………………………………………………… . ( Listen ! The child ( sing -12 ………………………………………………… . my father came -32 ………………………………………………… . I ( buy ) a car last week -25 ………………………………………………… . While we ( play ) . my friends arrived -18 ………………………………………………… . The boys ( play ) football at this moment -11 ………………………………………………… . I ( sing ) at this moment -27 ………………………………………………… . it ( rain ) in winter -36 ……………………………………………… . Ali ( visit ) me yesterday -31 ……………………………………………… . while he ( sleeps ) .

He will sing -10 ……………………………………………… . Hany likes coffee -3 ………………………………………………… . She is working -7 ……………………………………………… . ( While I ( read ) . They were playing -17 ………………………………………………… . He is reading -6 ………………………………………………… . my friend ( come -39 ………………………………………………… . Ali drank coffee -14 …………………………………………………… . I will go -9 ……………………………………………… . I have played football -18 ………………………………………………… . She will read -11 ……………………………………………… . Ali wrote a letter -15 ………………………………………………… . He speaks Arabic -5 ………………………………………………… . I speak Arabic -4 ……………………………………………… . He plays football -1 ……………………………………… . I drink tea -2 ………………………………………………… . I had worked hard -20 ………………………………………………… . He has worked hard -19 ………………………………………………… . I played football -12 ………………………………………………… . The girls ( sing ) at this moment -40 ……………………………………………… ( Exercise ( 2 ( Put the following ( Negative and Interrogative *** . We are playing -8 ………………………………………………… . I was playing -16 ………………………………………………… . We worked hard -13 …………………………………………………… . They had played football -21 ………………………………………………… .……………………………………………… . I ( write ) my letter yesterday -38 ………………………………………………… .

( I -2‬‬ ‫*** ‪Adjective : . He played tennis -23‬‬ ‫…………………………………………………‬ ‫‪. The bus‬‬ ‫‪smiled . He had written his letter -25‬‬ ‫…………………………………………………‬ ‫الفعال المتعدية ‪: Transitive Verbs ( 1 ) -‬‬ ‫الفعال التي يتبعها مفعول به *** ‪.:‬‬ ‫) ‪ ( arrive / smile‬عبارة عن أفعال لزمة لنه ل يأتى بعدها مفعول به ‪. Verbs followed by an object‬‬ ‫مفعول به ‪ object‬فعل ‪ Verb‬فاعل ‪Subject‬‬ ‫‪the door . ( I‬‬ ‫………………………………………………‬ ‫هناك أفعال يمكن أن تكون متعدية ويمكن أن تكون لزمة *** ‪Transitive and‬‬ ‫‪: Intransitive Verbs‬‬ ‫‪-I can't see you .:‬‬ ‫السم ‪ Noun‬الصفة ‪Adjective‬‬ ‫سيارة ‪ car‬جديد ‪new‬‬ . found Ali‬‬ ‫‪tea . He has cleaned the car -22‬‬ ‫…………………………………………………‬ ‫‪. ( T) 1‬‬ ‫‪( I can't see .‬‬ ‫*** يرمز للفعل المتعدي في القاموس بحرف ) ‪. likes She‬‬ ‫*** الفعل الذي يأخذ مفعول به يسمى بالفعل المتعدي ‪.‫‪. before it‬‬ ‫*** الصفة ‪ -:‬عبارة عن كلمة تصف لنا السم وتأتي قبله ‪.‬‬ ‫*** يرمز للفعل المتعدي في القاموس بحرف ) ‪. She traveled abroad -24‬‬ ‫…………………………………………………‬ ‫‪. Verbs never take an object‬‬ ‫فعل ‪ Verb‬فاعل ‪Subject‬‬ ‫‪arrived . ( T‬‬ ‫…………………………………………………‬ ‫الفعال اللزمة ‪: Intransitive Verbs ( 2 ) -‬‬ ‫الفعال التي ل تأخذ مفعول به *** ‪. She‬‬ ‫*** الفعل الذي ل يأخذ مفعول به يسمى بالفعل اللزم ‪.is a word which describes a noun and come‬‬ ‫‪.:‬‬ ‫) ‪ ( open / find / like‬عبارة عن أفعال متعدية لنه يأتي بعدها مفعول به ‪. opened He‬‬ ‫‪the key .

**a short boy . Long Adjectives -2‬‬ ‫‪. ** a long street‬‬ ‫شارع طويل رجل طويل ولد قصير سيارة جديدة‬ ‫‪ -2‬بإمكاننا أن نصف السم بأكثر من صفة ‪.:‬‬ ‫*** ‪. ** We are tall‬‬ ‫نحن طوال القامة هي نحيفة هو طويل‬ ‫*** ‪-: Comparison of Adjectives‬‬ ‫مقارنة الصفات‬ ‫*** ‪-: Kinds of adjectives‬‬ ‫‪.‫ولد ‪ boy‬قصير ‪short‬‬ ‫منزل ‪ house‬غالي الثمن ‪expensive‬‬ ‫رجل ‪ man‬طويل ‪tall‬‬ ‫مبنى ‪ building‬قديم ‪old‬‬ ‫شارع ‪ street‬طويل ‪long‬‬ ‫ولد ‪ boy‬جيد ‪good‬‬ ‫*** ملحــــــــظــــــــــــة ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬بإمكاننا أن نصف السم بصفة واحدة كما هو موضح في الجدول السابق فنقول‬ ‫‪-:‬‬ ‫**‪. an old dirty house .‬‬ ‫‪Short Adjectives -1‬‬ ‫‪Superlative‬‬ ‫المقارنة العليا ) التفضيل ( ‪Comparative‬‬ ‫المقارنة بين شخصيين أو شيئين ‪Adjective‬‬ ‫الصفة‬ ‫‪the longest‬‬ ‫الطول ‪longer than‬‬ ‫أطول من ‪long‬‬ ‫طويل‬ ‫‪the shortest‬‬ ‫القصر ‪shorter than‬‬ ‫أقصر من ‪short‬‬ ‫قصير‬ ‫‪the largest‬‬ ‫الوسع ‪larger than‬‬ ‫أوسع من ‪large‬‬ ‫واسع‬ ‫‪the cleverest‬‬ ‫الذكى ‪cleverer than‬‬ ‫أذكى من ‪clever‬‬ . Irregular Adjectives -3‬‬ ‫*** أنواع الصفات ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬الصفات القصيرة ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬الصفات الطويلة ‪ -:‬تتكون من أكثر من مقطع ‪. a new car .:‬‬ ‫** ‪. ** She is slim . ** a new beautiful car‬‬ ‫سيارة جديدة جميلة منزل قديم متسخ‬ ‫‪ -3‬إذا كان في الجملة فعل يكون ) ‪ ( verb to be‬فمن الممكن أن تأتى الصفة‬ ‫بعده ‪. Short Adjectives -1‬‬ ‫‪. ** a tall man .‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬الصفات الشاذة ‪ -:‬ل توجد لها قاعدة ‪. He is tall .:‬تتكون من مقطع واحد ‪.

Ali is as tall as Amjad -1‬‬ ‫**** في حالة النفى ‪:‬‬ ‫) ‪( not as + adjective + as‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫……………………………………………‬ ‫**** هناك مقارنة بسيطة وأداتها ‪:‬‬ ‫) ‪( as + adjective + as‬‬ ‫‪.‬لحظ كلمة ) ‪( clever‬في الجدول السابق ‪.‫ذكي‬ ‫‪the hottest‬‬ ‫السخن ‪hotter than‬‬ ‫أسخن من ‪hot‬‬ ‫ساخن‬ ‫‪the biggest‬‬ ‫الكبر ‪bigger than‬‬ ‫أكبر من ‪big‬‬ ‫كبير‬ ‫‪the happiest‬‬ ‫السعد ‪happier than‬‬ ‫أسعد من ‪happy‬‬ ‫سعيد‬ ‫‪the heaviest‬‬ ‫الثقل ‪heavier than‬‬ ‫أثقل من ‪heavy‬‬ ‫ثقيل‬ ‫‪ -1‬إذا أردنا مقارنة الصفة القصيرة بين شخصين أو شيئين نضيف إلى نهاية الصفة‬ ‫) ‪ ( er‬ثم نضع كلمة ) ‪( than‬‬ ‫…………………………………………‪.‬‬ ‫……………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -5‬إذا انتهت الصفة القصيرة بحرف ) ‪ ( e‬فاننا نضيف لنهايتها ) ‪ ( r‬عند المقارنة‬ ‫بين شخصين أو شيئين ونضيف ) ‪ ( st‬عند المقارنة بين أكثر من شخصين أو شيئين‬ ‫‪ ..‬لحظ كلمة ) ‪( large‬في الجدول السابق ‪.‬لحظ كلمة ) ‪hot /‬‬ ‫‪( big‬في الجدول السابق ‪.‬‬ ‫‪…………………………………………….‬لحظ كلمة ) ‪ ( happy / heavy‬في الجدول‬ ‫السابق ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬إذا انتهت الصفة القصيرة بحرف ) ‪ ( y‬فان هذا الحرف يحول إلى ) ‪ ( i‬ثم نتبع‬ ‫القاعدة السابقة عند المقارنة ‪ .‬‬ ‫……………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -2‬إذا أردنا مقارنة الصفة القصيرة بين أكثر من شخصين أو شيئين نضع قبل‬ ‫الصفة ) ‪ ( the‬ثم نضيف إلى نهاية الصفة ) ‪( est‬‬ ‫……………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -3‬إذا انتهت الصفة القصيرة بحرف ساكن وجاء قبلها حرف متحرك فيجب أن‬ ‫نضاعف الحرف الخير ثم نتبع القاعدة السابقة عند المقارنة ‪ .‬‬ ‫……………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -6‬إذا انتهت الصفة القصيرة بحرف ) ‪ ( er‬فاننا نضيف لنهايتها ) ‪ ( er‬عند المقارنة‬ ‫بين شخصين أو شيئين ونضيف )‪ ( est‬عند المقارنة بين أكثر من شخصين أو‬ ‫شيئين ‪ . I am not as tall as my brother -1‬‬ .

.....Long Adjectives -2 Superlative Comparative ( ‫المقارنة العليا ) التفضيل‬ Adjective ‫المقارنة بين شخصيين أو شيئين‬ ‫الصفة‬ the most dangerous more dangerous than ‫الكثر خطورة‬ dangerous ‫أكثر خطورة من‬ ‫خطير‬ the most wonderful more wonderful than ‫الكثر روعة‬ wonderful ‫أكثر روعة من‬ ‫رائع‬ the most exciting more exciting than ‫الكثر إثارة‬ exciting ‫أكثر إثارة من‬ ‫مثير‬ the most beautiful more beautiful than ‫الكثر جمال‬ beautiful ‫أكثر جمال من‬ ‫جميل‬ more )‫ إذا أردنا مقارنة الصفة الطويلة بين شخصين أو شيئين نضع قبل الصفة‬-1 ( than ) ‫( ثم نضع الصفة ثم نضع كلمة‬ ‫ إذا أردنا مقارنة الصفة الطويلة بين أكثر من شخصين أو شيئين نضع قبل الصفة‬-2 ( the most ) . The boy wrote slowly -3 ‫كتب الولد ببطء‬ . Adverb :.. Ahmed speaks fluently -1 ‫يتكلم أحمد بطلقة‬ Hany drives quickly -2 ......... ‫الحال هو عبارة عن كلمة تصف الفعل‬ .. Irregular Adjectives -1 Superlative Comparative ( ‫المقارنة العليا ) التفضيل‬ Adjective ‫المقارنة بين شخصيين أو شيئين‬ ‫الصفة‬ best better good worst worse bad worst worse ill most more many most more much least less little farthest / furthest farther / further far .......is a word which describes a verb *** ( ‫ ) سوف يتم شرحها بالتفصيل‬........... ‫*** الصفات السابقة عبارة عن صفات شاذة ل توجد لها قاعدة فيجب حفظها‬ ..................................... ‫يقود هاني بسرعة‬ ............

never‬‬ ‫………………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -5‬ظروف الدرجة أو الكمية ‪.down‬‬ ‫………………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -3‬ظروف الزمن ‪-: Adverbs of time -3‬‬ ‫أبى يستيقظ مبكرا ‪*** . verb + adverb ) *** The boy ran quickly‬‬ ‫*** أخي ذكي جدا *** ‪My brother is very clever ( adverb +‬‬ ‫‪( adjective‬‬ ‫*** ظروف الحال على سبيل المثال ‪ .‫أنواع الحوال *** ‪Kinds of Adverbs‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ظروف الطريقة أو الحال ‪-: Adverbs of manner -1‬‬ ‫*** جرى الولد بسرعة ) ‪.: Adverbs of degree -5‬‬ ‫هو جميل للغاية *** ‪. now‬‬ ‫………………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -4‬ظروف التكرار أو العدد ‪. especially adverbs of manner are formed by‬‬ ‫‪-: adding ( ly ) to an adjective‬‬ ‫العديد من الظروف وخصوصا ظروف الحال يتم تكوينها بإضافة ) ‪ ( ly‬إلى نهاية‬ ‫الصفة ‪-:‬‬ ‫سريع ‪ quick‬بسرعة ‪ quickly‬بطء ‪ slow‬ببطء ‪slowly‬‬ . He is extremely nice‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪.:‬مبكرا ‪ early‬اليوم ‪ today‬الن ‪.:‬مرة ‪ once‬دائما ‪ always‬أحيانا‬ ‫‪ sometimes‬أبدا ‪. slowly‬‬ ‫…………………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -2‬ظروف المكان ‪: Adverbs of place -2-‬‬ ‫هم يعملون بالخارج ‪ .It's quite good -:‬الصفة ( ‪Adjective -1‬‬ ‫‪ ).:‬بسرعة ‪ fast‬بسرعة ‪ quickly‬بجد ‪hard‬‬ ‫ببطء ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ).:‬لماذا ‪ ? why‬أين ‪? where‬‬ ‫كيف ‪ ? how‬متى ‪? when‬‬ ‫‪The formation of Adverbs from Adjective‬‬ ‫تكوين الحوال ) الظروف ( من الصفات‬ ‫*** ‪Many adverbs . quite‬‬ ‫…………………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -6‬الظروف الستفهامية ‪-: Interrogative adverbs -6‬‬ ‫إلى أين هم ذاهبون *** ‪? Where are they going‬‬ ‫*** الظروف الستفهامية على سبيل المثال ‪ .I go to the sea twice a month‬‬ ‫*** ظروف التكرار والعدد على سبيل المثال ‪ . I quite like it -:‬الفعل ( ‪Verb -3‬‬ ‫*** ظروف الدرجة أو الكمية على سبيل المثال ‪ . My father gets up early‬‬ ‫*** ظروف الزمن على سبيل المثال ‪ . They‬‬ ‫‪live in Jordan‬‬ ‫*** ظروف المكان على سبيل المثال ‪ . my book in it‬‬ ‫*** ظروف الوصل أو الربط على سبيل المثال ‪ .:‬جدا ‪ very‬للغاية ‪extremely‬‬ ‫بالضبط ‪exactly‬‬ ‫كاف ‪ enough‬قليل ‪ little‬تماما ‪.‬هم يعيشون في الردن *** ‪They work abroad.:‬لماذا ‪ ? why‬أين ‪ ? where‬كيف‬ ‫‪ ? how‬متى ‪? when‬‬ ‫…………………………………………………‬ ‫‪ -7‬ظروف الوصل أو الربط ‪-: Relative adverbs -7‬‬ ‫هذا هو المكان الذي وضعت فيه كتابي *** ‪This is the place where I put‬‬ ‫‪.:‬بالقرب ‪ near‬هناك ‪ there‬هنا ‪her‬‬ ‫أسفل ‪.: Adverbs of frequency -4‬‬ ‫أنا أذهب إلى البحر مرتين في الشهر *** ‪. adverb or verb‬‬ ‫*** ظروف الدرجة أو الكمية توضح الصفة ‪ ،‬الظرف أو الفعل ‪. Adverbs of degree can modify adjective . He ran quite quickly -:‬الظرف ( ‪Adverb -2‬‬ ‫‪ ).

‫من شخصيين أو شيئين‬ quickly / more quickly / the most quickly : ‫ الظروف الشاذة‬-3 well / better / best badly / worse / worst much / more / most many / more / most little / less / least far / farther – further / furthest – furthest ‫*** حرف الجر هو عبارة عن كلمة تأتي مع السم أو الضمير لتوضح مدي علقته‬ . ‫بكلمة أخرى‬ . ‫شيئين‬ hard / harder / hardest early / earlier / earliest ‫ ( عند‬more ) ‫ الظرف الذي يتكون من أكثر من مقطع نضع قبل الصفة‬-2 ‫ ( عند المقارنة بين أكثر‬the most ) ‫المقارنة بين شخصين أو شيئين ونضع قبلها‬ . The book is on the table-3 -: ‫*** حروف الجر الدالة على المكان مثل‬ in ‫ في‬/ under ‫ تحت‬/ between ‫ بين‬/ above ‫ فوق‬/ beneath ‫أدنى‬ among ‫ وسط‬/ over ‫ أعلى‬/ below ‫ أسفل‬/ at ‫عند‬ -: ‫*** حروف الجر الدالة على الزمان مثل‬ after ‫ بعد‬/ before ‫ قبل‬/ during ‫ خلل‬/ until ‫حتى‬ -: ‫*** حروف الجر الدالة على هدف مثل‬ for ‫ لــ‬/ to ‫لــ‬ -: ‫*** توجد حروف جر كثيرة مثل‬ with – without – within – under – underneath – until – up upon – about – above – after – across – beneath – against among – along – at – around – below – behind – before towards – till – over – outside – since – through throughout – to – for – from – in – out – on – onto – off of – like – near – inside – into – beside – between – during beyond – by – down – next to – on the right – on the left on top of – opposite . ‫*** حرف الجر يربط السماء والضمائر والعبارات بكلمات أخرى في الجملة‬ ./ ly ) : beautifully beautiful ) ‫ ( نضيف لهل‬l ) ‫ إذا انتهت الصفة بحرف‬-1 y ) : horrible / horribly ) ‫ ( ثم نضيف‬e ) ‫ ( نحذف‬le ) ‫ إذا انتهت الصفة بــ‬-2 ily ) : funny / funnily ) ‫ ( ثم نضيف‬y ) ‫ ( نحذف‬y ) ‫ إذا انتهت الصفة بــ‬-3 ‫ ما عدا‬ly ) : sincere / sincerely ) ‫ ( نضيف‬e ) ‫ إذا انتهت الصفة بــ‬-4 y ) : ) ‫ ( ثم نضيف‬e ) ‫ نحذف‬ible / able. Huda spoke to me -2 .‫الصفات التي تنتهي بأحد المقطعين‬ capably / capable her / however / often / : ‫ بعض الظروف ل تتشكل من الصفات‬-5 perhaps / there low / high / far / : ‫ هناك بعض الكلمات نستخدمها كظروف وكصفات أيضا‬-6 near / early / hard / late / fast / much ‫ ( عند المقارنة بين‬er ) ‫ الظرف الذي يتكون من مقطع واحد نضيف لها‬-1 ‫ ( عند المقارنة بين أكثر من شخصيين أو‬est ) ‫شخصين أو شيئين ونضيف لها‬ . The doctor will arrive in a few minutes -1 .

The cat under the table -4 . Alas ! my friend died -2 -: ‫*** هناك جمل تعجبية‬ . Dogs like meat . but mine isn't -2 -: ‫*** هناك العديد من حروف العطف ومن أهمها‬ and – but – so – or -: ‫*** هناك حروف عطف تستخدم معا‬ Either ……… or Neither ……. She spoke during the meal -5 ‫حرف العطف هو عبارة عن كلمة نربط بها كلمتين أو جملتين أو أشباه الجمل‬ . I must write this letter or that -4 . The cat is beside the table-1 . She arrive for work -3 . nor Both ………. Soha and her friend are in the garden -1 . Your car is quite little . so do the cat -3 .. and Not only ………. Either Ali or Ahmed stole the money -5 ‫*** التعجب عبارة عن صوت أو تعبير نستخدمه للتعبير عن شعور مفاجئ أو‬ -: ‫عاطفة حادة‬ -: ‫*** هناك العديد من كلمات التعجب‬ ! Alas ! / O ! / Hey ! / Oh ! / Ah ! / Bravo ! Good ! / Shame ! / Bad luck ! / Silence ! Well done ! / Good Lord ! / Good heavens ! / Ouch . ‫بعضها ببعض‬ . Ali left before his friend -2 . Ali and his brother visited me yesterday -1 . Soha succeeded but her friend failed -2 . Good heavens ! I have never met such a man -1 . but also .

the car was beautiful ( * ) .( How / What ) ‫ جمل تبدأ بـــ‬-1 ( Here / There ) ‫ جمل تبدأ بــ‬-2 ! How cold his day is -1 ! There she is -2 ! What a good day we have -3 ! Here we are -4 ( Indefinite Articles ( a / an *** ‫أدوات النكرة‬ ( Definite Article ( the *** ‫أداة المعرفة‬ -: ( a ) ‫*** نستدم أداة النكرة‬ ‫ والحروف‬. The book was interesting ( * ) a university : ‫*** إذا بدأت الكلمة بحرف متحرك ولكن بصوت ساكن‬ : ( a / an ) ‫*** ل نستخدم أدوات النكرة‬ ‫ قبل الوجبات وقبل السم المفرد‬، ‫ المعنوي‬/ ‫ قبل السم المجرد‬، ‫) * ( قبل الجمع‬ -:‫الذي ل يعد وقبل الجنسيات‬ dogs / cats / children / women / men / teachers / doctors / students hunger / fear / happiness / anger / breakfast / lunch / dinner tea / coffee / rice / milk / wood / Palestinian / French / Egyptian ( Definite Article ( the *** ‫أداة المعرفة‬ -: ( the ) ‫*** نستدم أداة المعرفة‬ : ‫ قبل السم المعرفة الذي أصبح معرف لنه ذكر للمرة الثانية‬-1 . ‫ قبل السم النكرة المفرد المعدود الذي يبدأ بصوت حرف ساكن‬-1 ‫الساكنة هي جميع أحرف اللغة النجليزية ما عدا الحروف المتحركة ) حروف‬ -: ( a / e / i / o / u ) ‫العلة ( وهي‬ a book / a boy / a car / a cat / a teacher / a woman / a dog / a / week a headache / a doctor / a kilo / a hundred / a thousand / a million / a dozen -: ( an ) ‫*** نستدم أداة النكرة‬ ( ‫ قبل السم النكرة المفرد المعدود الذي يبدأ بصوت حرف متحرك ) حرف علة‬-1 -: ( a / e / i / o / u ) ‫والحروف المتحركة في اللغة النجليزية هي‬ an engineer / an hour / an idea / an Italian / an orange / an eye / an axe an umbrella / an apple / an egg / an accident : ‫*** نستخدم أدوات النكرة قبل الصفة ان جاءت قبل السم‬ a new car / a n old man / a beautiful girl / an unpleasant film ‫ (قبل السم عند ذكره لول مرة وبعد ذلك نستخدم‬a ) ‫*** نستخدم أداة النكرة‬ : ( the ) ‫أداة المعرفة‬ I bought a book .: ‫ قبل الختراعات والكتشافات وأجزاء الجسم البشري‬-2 the head the telephone / the internet / the radio / the lungs / the / heart . I bought a car .

capital of Palestine . ‫ ( بمعنى النسان عموما‬man ) ‫ قبل كلمة‬-8 ‫السؤال المذيل هو عبارة عن سؤال قصير يستخدم في اللغة النجليزية المتحدثة‬ ‫ المتحدثين يستخدمون هذا النوع من السئلة للتأكد من‬. ‫صحة المعلومات أو للحصول على موافقة‬ Formation ‫التكوين‬ Affirmative Sentence -1 ‫ جملة مثبتة‬+ Negative Tag ‫سؤال منفي‬ Negative Sentence -2 ‫ جملة منفية‬+ Affirmative Sentence ‫سؤال مثبت‬ .: ‫ قبل اللغات و المواد الدراسية‬-5 Arabic / English / Hebrew / technology / mathematics -: ‫ قبل الرياضة والنشطة‬-6 Football / basketball / running / judo / smoking -: ‫ قبل السماء الغير معدودة‬-7 Tea / milk / rice / oil / coffee .: ‫ قبل أجزاء الزمن واليوم‬-3 the past / the future / in the morning / in the afternoon / in the evening -: ‫ قبل السم الذي يوجد كشئ واحد‬-4 The sun / the earth / the moon / the world / Jerusalem is the . ‫ويضاف الي نهاية الجملة‬ .( television ) ‫ولكن نستثنى من الختراعات التلفاز‬ .: ‫ قبل أسماء البحار والنهار والجبال والسفن والكتب المقدسة‬-5 the Red Sea / the Nile / the Himalayas the Middle East / the East / the West / the : ‫ مع المناطق الجغرافية‬-6 North / the South -: ( the ) ‫*** ل نستدم أداة المعرفة‬ ‫ قبل أسماء العلم وأسماء الدول و أسماء المدن والجنسيات وأسماء الشوارع‬-1 -: ‫وأسماء القارات‬ Ahmed / Ali / Huda / Jack / Bill / Palestine / Egypt / Gaza / Palestinian / Egyptian Alexandria / Jamal Naser Street / Al – Bahar Street / Asia / Africa / Europe The Sudan / The United States of America -: ‫ويستثنى من الدول‬ -: ‫ قبل أسماء الوجبات‬-2 breakfast / lunch / dinner -: ‫ المعنوية‬/ ‫ قبل السماء المجردة‬-3 happiness / death / fear / truth / democracy / love / beauty / sadness -: ‫ قبل الجمع‬-4 cars / books / scientists / teachers / trees / beans .

You have been invited -3 .. No. I don't . didn't they -8 ? You have been in Jordan . isn't she ? Soha is her (2) Answer expected Affirmative Tag Negative Sentence . doesn't he -6 ? We play football . Does he -2 -: Exercise -: Add question tag to the following *** . ‫*** إذا كانت الجملة مثبتة يكون السؤال منفيا‬ Note the following *** ‫لحظ التي‬ (1) Answer expected Negative Tag Affirmative Sentence . she is . She is a nurse -1 ……………… . she isn't . won't she -10 ? I am right . are they -18 ? Everything is wrong today . don't you -7 ? They played football . aren't they -17 ? There aren't any problems . don't you ? You like coffee . do you ? You don't like coffee . isn't it -15 ? These are yours . haven't you -9 ? She will help us later . I do . shall we -13 ? This is your book . Yes . are we -4 ? You don't like coffee . will you -12 ? Let's sit in the garden . ‫*** إذا كانت الجملة منفية يكون السؤال مثبتا‬ . didn't they -20 : ‫*** الجمل التي تحتوى على كلمات مثل‬ No / none / no one / seldom / hardly Scarcely / nothing / nobody / neither / never -: ‫ مثبت‬Tag ‫تعامل كأنها جمل منفية ويتبعها‬ ? Nothing was said . is he -2 ? We are students .………………… . Yes . isn't he -1 ? He isn't a teacher . is she ? Soha isn't her Note the following *** ‫لحظ التي‬ ? He is a teacher . Was it -1 ? Ali hardly ever goes to coffee shop . do you -5 ? He plays football . isn't it -19 ? Everyone played well . She isn't a dentist -2 …………………… .. No . aren't we -3 ? We aren't students . aren't I -11 ? Don't make any noise . isn't it -14 ? that is your bag . aren't they -16 ? Those are yours .

………………………… ..…………………………… . Everyone attended the lecture -24 . She won't buy a book -20 .……………………… .…………………… . We write the lesson -17 .…………………… . He isn't a teacher -7 .…………………… . We were students last year -28 . She is a dentist -27 . He can come with us -13 . Nobody cheated in the exam -18 …………………………… .……………………… ..……………………… . She can't come with us -14 ..…………………………… .…………………… . I am invited -12 . He was student last month -26 ..………………… . Don't play in the street -21 ……..……………………………… .…………………… .……………………… .... There isn't a test next week -25 ………………………… . You didn't forget your books -4 . We are doctors -29 …………………………… .. He is a doctor -6 …………………… . He is an engineer -8 ………………………… . She have worked hard -30 .……………………… . We are teachers -9 . He will buy a car -19 . He writes the lesson -15 .……………………… .………………………… . They won't be her -11 ……………………………… .……………………… . We aren't teachers -10 . She is never late to the class -5 .…………………… .. I am happy -22 …………………………… . Let's sit in the park -23 .………………………… .. He wrote the lesson -16 .

They can visit us -5 ? Can they visit us ‫*** إذا لم يكن في الجملة الخبرية فعل من الفعال الموجودة في الجدول السابق‬ ‫فيجب‬ -: ‫أن نستخدم‬ ( does ) ‫ ( فيجب أن نستخدم‬s ) ‫ إذا كان الفعل في الزمن المضارع مضافا له‬-1 -: . It is famous all over the world -37 . You like swimming -33 . You have heard about it -34 ………………………… . You are English -31 . They are students -2 ? Are they students .………………………………… .. She doesn't speak English -32 . We speak Arabic -40 ‫*** إذا أردنا أن نكون سؤال من جملة خبرية يجب أن نضع إحدى الفعال‬ . She is a nurse -3 ? Is she a nurse .………………… ..……………………… . Ali watches TV -3 ? Does Ali watch TV .…………………… .. He plays football -1 ? Does he play football . She writes a letter -2 ? Does she write a letter .. He is a teacher -1 ? Is he a teacher . She speaks Arabic -38 . You have been to Jordan -35 ……………………… .………………………… .: ‫المساعدة في البداية‬ ought to must can will were am could would has is may shall have are might should had was .……………………… . You haven’t been to Jordan -36 . She spoke Arabic -39 .………………………………… .………………………………… . I will go to the coffee shop -4 ? Will you go to the coffee shop .

‫‪. Soha reads the story -4‬‬
‫‪? Does Soha read the story‬‬
‫‪. Amjad goes to the market -5‬‬
‫‪? Does Amjad go to the market‬‬
‫*** عندما نستخدم ) ‪ ( does‬في السؤال فيجب إعادة الفعل إلى أصله كما‬
‫موضح في المثلة السابقة ‪-:‬‬
‫‪/ plays – play / writes – write / watches – watch‬‬
‫‪reads – read / goes – go‬‬
‫*** عندما نجيب عن السئلة السابقة فتكون الجابة بــ ) ‪ ( Yes OR No‬لنها لم‬
‫تبدأ بأداة سؤال ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -2‬إذا كان الفعل في الزمن المضارع بدون ) ‪ ( s‬فيجب أن نستخدم ) ‪- : ( do‬‬
‫‪. They write a letter -1‬‬
‫‪? Do they write a letter‬‬
‫‪. I play football -2‬‬
‫‪? Do you play football‬‬
‫‪. They go to the market -3‬‬
‫‪? Do they go to the market‬‬
‫‪. Ali and Ahmed watch TV -4‬‬
‫‪? Do Ali and Ahmed watch TV‬‬
‫‪. They read a letter -5‬‬
‫‪? Do they read a letter‬‬
‫*** عندما نجيب عن السئلة السابقة فتكون الجابة بــ ) ‪ ( Yes OR No‬لنها لم‬
‫تبدأ بأداة سؤال ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -3‬إذا كان الفعل في الزمن الماضي فيجب أن نستخدم ) ‪- : ( did‬‬
‫‪. They wrote a letter -1‬‬
‫‪? Did they write a letter‬‬
‫‪. I played football -2‬‬
‫‪? Did you play football‬‬
‫‪. They went to the market -3‬‬
‫‪? Did they go to the market‬‬
‫‪. Ali and Ahmed watched TV -4‬‬
‫‪? Did Ali and Ahmed watch TV‬‬
‫‪. They read a letter -5‬‬
‫‪? Did they read a letter‬‬
‫*** عندما نستخدم ) ‪ ( did‬في السؤال فيجب إعادة الفعل إلى أصله ) التصريف‬
‫الول ( كما موضح في المثلة السابقة ‪-:‬‬
‫‪wrote – write / played – play / went – go / watched – watch‬‬
‫*** عندما نجيب عن السئلة السابقة فتكون الجابة بــ ) ‪ ( Yes OR No‬لنها لم‬
‫تبدأ بأداة سؤال ‪.‬‬
‫*** هناك أدوات للسؤال نستخدمها إذا كان السؤال يتطلب معلومات فلذلك يجب‬
‫أن نبدأ بإحدى‬
‫هذه الدوات ‪-:‬‬
‫من ) للسؤال عن فاعل عاقل ( ‪Who‬‬
‫من ) للسؤال عن مفعول به غير عاقل ( ‪Whom‬‬
‫لمن ) للسؤال عن الملكية ( ‪Whose‬‬
‫أي ) للتمييز بين شخصين أو شيئين أو أكثر ( ‪Which‬‬
‫ما ‪ /‬ماذا ) للسؤال عن شيء ( ‪What‬‬
‫متى ) للسؤال عن الزمان ( ‪When‬‬
‫أين ) للسؤال عن المكان ( ‪Where‬‬
‫لماذا ) للسؤال عن السبب أو الغرض ( ‪Why‬‬
‫كيف ) للسؤال عن الحالة أو الكيفية ( ‪How‬‬

‫كم‬
‫كم‬
‫كم‬
‫كم‬
‫كم‬
‫كم‬
‫كم‬
‫كم‬
‫كم‬

‫عدد ) للسؤال عن العدد ( ‪How many‬‬
‫ثمن ) للسؤال عن الثمن ( ‪How much‬‬
‫كمية ) للسؤال عن الكمية ( ‪How much‬‬
‫عمر ) للسؤال عن العمر ( ‪How old‬‬
‫طول ) للسؤال عن الطول ‪How long‬‬
‫بعد ) للسؤال عن المسافة ( ‪How far‬‬
‫طول )للسؤال عن أطوال للشخاص ( ‪How tall‬‬
‫مرة ) للسؤال عدد المرات ( ‪How often‬‬
‫ارتفاع ) للسؤال عن الرتفاعات ( ‪How high‬‬

‫*** تكوين السؤال من أدوات السؤال السابقة ‪-:‬‬
‫‪ -1‬نختار إحدى أدوات السابقة ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -2‬إذا كان الفعل المساعد موجود نضعه قبل الفاعل ) بعد أداة السؤال‬
‫مباشرة ( ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -3‬إذا لم يكن في الجملة فعل من الفعال المساعدة فيجب أن نستخدم ‪-:‬‬
‫) * ( إذا كان الفعل في الزمن المضارع مضافا له ) ‪ ( s‬فيجب أن نستخدم ) ‪does‬‬
‫(‪.‬‬
‫) * ( إذا كان الفعل في الزمن المضارع بدون ) ‪ ( s‬فيجب أن نستخدم ) ‪- : ( do‬‬
‫) * ( إذا كان الفعل في الزمن الماضي فيجب أن نستخدم ) ‪- : ( did‬‬
‫‪ -4‬نضع الفاعل بعد الفعل المساعد ) ان وجد ( أو بعد الفعال المذكورة سابقا ‪-:‬‬
‫) ‪( do / does / did‬‬
‫‪ -4‬نحذف الجزء الذي سئل عنه لنه يكون جواب السؤال ‪.‬‬
‫‪Examples‬‬
‫‪. Soha is coming to the party -1‬‬
‫‪? Who is coming to the party‬‬
‫‪. I met Hesham yesterday -2‬‬
‫‪? Whom did you meet yesterday‬‬
‫*** يجب إعادة الفعل الي أصله ) التصريف الول ( لننا استخدمنا ) ‪( did‬‬
‫‪. This is Ali's car -3‬‬
‫‪? Whose car is this‬‬
‫‪. I drink tea -4‬‬
‫‪? What do you drink‬‬
‫‪. I want Ali's car -5‬‬
‫‪? Whose car do you want‬‬
‫‪. It is half past nine -6‬‬
‫‪? What time is it‬‬
‫‪. I prefer tea to milk -7‬‬
‫‪?Which do you prefer : tea or milk‬‬
‫‪. He came at five o'clock -8‬‬
‫‪? When did he come‬‬
‫*** يجب إعادة الفعل الي أصله ) التصريف الول ( لننا استخدمنا ) ‪( did‬‬
‫‪. The pen is in the car -9‬‬
‫‪? Where is the pen‬‬
‫‪. Ali was absent because he was ill -10‬‬
‫‪? Why was he absent‬‬
‫‪. They go to school in order to learn -11‬‬
‫‪? Why do they go to school‬‬
‫‪. Ali comes to school by bus -12‬‬
‫‪? How does Ali come to school‬‬
‫*** يجب إعادة الفعل الي أصله ) التصريف الول ( لننا استخدمنا ) ‪( does‬‬

‫‪. There are forty students in the class -13‬‬
‫‪? How many students are there in the class‬‬
‫‪. I like two spoons of in my tea -14‬‬
‫‪? How much sugar do you like in your tea‬‬
‫‪. The kilo of tomatoes is one dollar -15‬‬
‫‪? How much is the kilo of tomatoes‬‬
‫‪. Ali is twenty years old -16‬‬
‫‪? How old is Ali‬‬
‫‪. She is four years old -17‬‬
‫‪? How old is she‬‬
‫‪. I go to the market twice a week -18‬‬
‫‪? How often do you go to the market‬‬
‫‪. Kanyounis is thirty kilometers from Gaza -19‬‬
‫‪? How far is Khanyounis from Gaza‬‬
‫‪. This building is thirty meters high -20‬‬
‫‪? How high is this building‬‬
‫‪. They played football at school -21‬‬
‫‪? Where did they play football‬‬
‫*** يجب إعادة الفعل الي أصله ) التصريف الول ( لننا استخدمنا ) ‪( did‬‬
‫‪. This road is ninety meters long -23‬‬
‫‪. How long is this road‬‬
‫‪. Ali stole the car -24‬‬
‫‪? Who stole the car‬‬
‫‪. The film describes the accident -25‬‬
‫‪? What describes accident‬‬
‫*** إذا كان السؤال عن الفاعل العاقل ل نستخدم فعل مساعدا من عندنا ولكن‬
‫نضع أداة‬
‫السؤال ) ‪ ( who‬ونستخدم ) ‪ ( what‬إذا كان الفاعل غير عاقل ثم نكمل الجملة‬
‫كما موضح في مثال رقم ) ‪. ( 25 / 24‬‬
‫*** هناك بعض التغيير في الضمائر مثل ‪ ( I ) :‬تصبح ‪( you ) .....................‬‬
‫) ‪ ( we‬تصبح ) ‪ ( you )……….. ( my‬تصبح ‪( your ) ...................‬‬
‫‪Exercise‬‬
‫*** ‪Form suitable questions using the question words in‬‬
‫‪-: brackets‬‬
‫‪( He goes to cinema every month . ( Where -1‬‬
‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
‫‪( It's five o'clock . ( What -2‬‬
‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
‫‪( She arrived to airport last week . ( When -3‬‬
‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
‫‪( Ali is a meter and a half tall . ( How tall -4‬‬
‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
‫‪( They went to Gaza by car . ( How -5‬‬
‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
‫‪( Chairs is usually made of wood . ( What -6‬‬
‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
‫‪( I have twenty dollars . ( How much -7‬‬
‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
‫‪( He is writing to his brother . ( Whom -8‬‬
‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
‫‪( He put his book on the table . ( Where -9‬‬
‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬

He has a car . He didn't eat . ( Whose -11‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪( We come at five o'clock . He felt happy . ( How old -10‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪( I meet Soha's father .‫‪( I am thirty years old . I wrote my homework -1‬‬ ‫‪. He wishes to sell it‬‬ ‫‪. Ali helped them . They watched television -2‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. He visited his mother‬‬ ‫‪. Ali went to Gaza to visit his mother‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬باستخدام الصفة أو العبارة الوصفية ‪-:‬‬ . He is wearing a new jacket -1‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. He gave them money‬‬ ‫‪. Ali helped them by giving them money‬‬ ‫‪. ( When -12‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫*** ‪-: Ask questions about underlined word‬‬ ‫‪. Ali went to Gaza . Ali studies hard to get high marks -4‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. He has a car to sell‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪. he began to swim‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬باستخدام حرف الجر ‪ +‬السم أو حرف الجر ‪ +‬الفعل مضافا له ) ‪-: ( ing‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪. Ali helped them with money‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪. He didn't sleep‬‬ ‫‪. She paid a dollar for her new book -3‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. I saw three cars in the street -2‬‬ ‫*** هناك طرق عديدة لربط الجمل البسيطة مع بعضها البعض لنكون جملة‬ ‫بسيطة واحدة ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬باستخدام اسم الفاعل ‪-:‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪. Ali worked for many days . Feeling happy . The bus arrived‬‬ ‫*** الجملة البسيطة هي الجملة التي تتكون أيضآ من فاعل و فعل ومفعول به ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪. Ali worked for many days without eating or sleeping‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬باستخدام المصدر ) الفعل ‪-: ( to +‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪. He began to swim‬‬ ‫‪. They visited their uncle once a week -5‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫*** يوجد في اللغة النجليزية ثلث أنواع من الجمل ‪-:‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫*** الجملة البسيطة هي الجملة التي تتكون من فاعل و فعل ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** ‪.

the owner of the shop . He teaches both English and French ( either ……. and ) -4 . Ali finished his work . This is certain ( * ) . It is made of gold ( * ) ( Ali bought a golden watch . I ran to the station . He plays tennis . I study Arabic ( 1 ) . Ahmed Ramy . ( adjectival phrase -: ‫ باستخدام الظرف أو العبارة الظرفية‬-5 . Huda helped her ( 2 ) . Both he and I study Arabic . is here ‫*** هي عبارة عن جملة تتركب من جملتين بسيطتين أو أكثر مرتبطتان ببعضهما‬ . ‫البعض بحرف عطف ولكل منهما معنى منفصل‬ -: ‫*** يمكن أن نربط الجمل البسيطة معا لنكون جمل مركبة باستخدام‬ -and ) 1 ) . He is the best student in the school . ( 2 ) ‫ أما إذا اختلف فيجب ذكره كما موضح في مثال رقم‬. Soha did her work .. Ahmed Ramy is here . Ali finished his work and went to the cinema .. He studies Arabic . or ) -5 . ( 1 ) ‫رقم‬ ( both ……. Ali bought a watch . He did not agree me ( 2 ) . Certainly he is the best student in the school -: ‫ باستخدام السم أو العبارة السمية في البدل‬-6 . I saw him yesterday . He is the owner of the shop ( * ) . We can play tennis ( 1 ) . I ran to the station but missed the bus . ( adjective ( Ali bought a watch made of gold . We can watch television . He teaches English . He teaches French ( 2 ) . I saw him yesterday but he did not agree me ( or ) -3 .. I missed the bus ( 1 ) . He went to the cinema ( 1 ) . We can watch television or we play tennis ‫ إذا كان الفاعل في جزئي الجملة المركبة‬: ( and / but / or ) ‫*** عند الربط بــ‬ ‫واحد فليس من الضروري تكراره أو تكرار الفعال الناقصة كما موضح في المثال‬ . Soha did her work and Huda helped her ( but ) -2 . He plays football ( 1 ) .

but …. He doesn't speak English . You must tell him . You must sweep the floor ( 1 ) You must not only wash up the dishes but sweep the floor as*** . I don't speak English ( 1 ) .. I must tell him ( 2 ) . Either you or I must tell him ( neither ……. well You must not only wash up the dishes but also sweep the floor*** . -: ( ‫*** تتكون الجملة المعقدة من عبارة رئيسية وعبارة ثانوية ) شبه جملة ثانوي‬ . ‫ شبه الجملة الظرفية‬-3 Noun Clauses -1 ‫أشباه الجمل السمية‬ . He doesn't speak French ( 2 ) . ‫*** أشباه الجمل السمية تقوم مقام السماء‬ . He can't swim . nor ) -6 . ‫ شبه الجملة الوصفية‬-2 .. The car is mine . The car which you saw is mine -: ‫*** الجمل الثانوية ثلث أنواع‬ . You must wash up the dishes . He speaks neither English nor French . He can neither swim nor play football -: ‫ ( تربط‬neither ………. ‫ شبه الجملة السمية‬-1 . as well ) ( not only ……. Ali doesn't speak English .. He can't play football ( 3 ) . but also ) -7 . Neither he nor I speak English .. nor ) *** ( ‫ فاعلين ) كما في المثال الول‬-1 ( ‫ مفعولين ) كما في المثال الثاني‬-2 ( ‫ فعلين ) كما في المثال الثالث‬-3 ( not only ….. He plays either tennis or football . You saw it *** .

It seems that he is not ready to go now‬‬ ‫*** تبدأ أشباه الجمل السمية بــ ‪ that‬أو بصفة أو بظرف أو بضمير استفهام كما‬ ‫موضح في رقم ‪. 4 / 2‬‬ ‫*** من الممكن حذف كلمة ‪. This is the car that my brother bought‬‬ ‫*** أشباه الجمل الوصفية تبدأ عادة بضمائر الوصل ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪who / whom / which / whose / that‬‬ ‫*** أشباه الجمل تنقسم إلى نوعين ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬شبه جملة ضروري في الجمل لو حذفته لم يبقى للجملة معنى واضح‬ ‫) أشباه جمل حصرية ( ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫*** تنقسم الجمل الظرفية إلى ‪-:‬‬ . Soha said that she is pleased to visit you‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬مفعول به بعد حرف الجر ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪. The story which you lent me was interesting‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬شبه جملة لو حذفته يبقى لباقي الجمل معانيها التامة‬ ‫) أشباه جمل غير حصرية ( ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪. Who makes no mistakes makes nothing -:‬‬ ‫‪. The car – which I am going to buy – is not black‬‬ ‫***أشباه الجمل الوصفية يمكن أن تبدأ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪but / where / why / when‬‬ ‫‪. that‬‬ ‫أشباه الجمل الوصفية ‪Adjectival Clauses -2‬‬ ‫*** أشباه الجمل الوصفية تأتي بعد السم لتصفه ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** ‪. Climbing high mountains is a dangerous sport‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬مفعول به ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪. Ali surprised at what she said‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬تكملة لفعل ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪.‫*** شبه الجملة السمية يمكن أن يكون ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬فاعل ‪. I know the reason why he got so kind‬‬ ‫أشباه الجمل الظرفية ‪Adverbial Clauses -3‬‬ ‫*** أشباه الجمل الظرفية تقوم مقام الظروف ‪.

He ran to the station so that he might catch the train -: ‫ تدل على الطريقة التي يحدث بها الفعل وتبدأ بــ‬: ‫ الحال‬-4 as / as if / as though . ‫ تدل على زمن حدوث الفعل‬: ‫ الزمان‬-1 / when / while / as / until / till / since / before / after / as soon as no sooner …. He missed the train . He works hard . Ali went to bed . She returned home . While I was sleeping . ‫ تدل على موقع حدوث الفعل‬: ‫ المكان‬-2 where / everywhere / wherever . Ali goes wherever I go -: ‫ تحدد الغرض وتبدأ بــ‬: ‫ الهدف‬-3 in order that / that / so that . He works hard so that he may pass his exams . He made trouble when his father was absent . He wanted to catch the train . He made trouble . Ali spends the money as he likes -: ‫ وتبدأ بـ‬: ‫ النتيجة‬-5 so that / such that . the telephone rang . when . The telephone rang . Hardly had she arrived at the station when she returned home -: ‫ وتبدأ بــ‬. He didn't hurry . He had arrived home . He can answer any question . than / scarcely … when / hardly ….. She had hardly arrived at the station when she returned home ‫ ( نقلب الفعل بوضع‬No sooner / Hardly / Scarcely ) ‫عندما تبدأ الجملة بــ‬ .-: ‫ وتبدأ بــ‬. He missed the train because he didn't hurry . He wants to pass his exams . He ran to the station . He is such a clever boy that he can answer any question -: ‫ وتبدأ بــ‬: ‫ السبب‬-6 because / as / since . Ali went to bed as soon as he had arrived home . His father was absent . Soha had arrived at the station . I was sleeping . ‫الفعل المساعد قبل الفاعل‬ . He is very clever boy .

p -1 ( He writes the lesson . ( active *** ( Some letters were written ( by her ) . ( passive ( They are writing some letters . ( passive -: ( Present Perfect Passive : ( has / have + been + p. ( passive -: ( Present Continuous Passive : ( is / are + being + p. ( active *** ( The lesson is written ( by him ) . ( active *** ( An apple had been eaten . ( active *** ( A letter is being written . ( passive ( I have written some letters . ‫ ( إذا كان الفاعل ل يضيف شيئا جديدا للمعنى‬by ) ‫ يمكن أن نحذف‬-3 -: ( Present Simple Passive : ( is / are + p. ( active *** .p -2 ( She wrote the lesson . ( passive ( She was writing some letters .p -6 ( He had eaten an apple .p -4 ( He was wearing a jacket . ( passive -: ( Past Simple Passive : ( was / were + p. ( active *** ( An apple has been eaten ( by him ) . ( active *** ( The lessons are written ( by her ) . ( passive ( She wrote some letters . ( passive -: ( Past Perfect Passive : ( had + been + p. ( active *** ( Some letters have been written ( by me ) . ( active*** ( Some letters are being written . ( active *** ( The lesson was written ( by her ) . he failed to win the race . he failed to win the race -: ‫ ويبدأ بــ‬: ‫ الشرط‬-8 If / unless / supposing / whether . He will swim in the sea if he goes to Alexandria -: ‫***تحويل الفعل من المبنى للمعلوم إلى المبنى للمجهول‬ + ‫ ( على حسب زمن الفعل الموجود في الجملة‬to be ) ‫ باستخدام فعل‬-1 .p -3 ( She is writing a letter . ( passive -: ( Past Continuous Passive : ( was / were + being + p. ( active *** ( Some letters were being written . ( active *** ( A jacket was being wearing ( by him ) .p -5 ( He has eaten an apple . ( passive -: ( Future Simple Passive : ( will + be + p. Although he ran fast . Though he ran fast .-: ‫ تبدأ بــ‬: ‫ التضاد‬/ ‫ التناقض‬-7 however / though / although / whatever / even if . he ran fast . ( passive ( She writes the lessons . He failed to win the race . ‫التصريف الثالث‬ ‫ الجملة الذى يكون فاعلها معلوم تسمي بالمبنى للمعلوم فعند التحويل إلى‬-2 ‫صيغة المبنى للمجهول يجب أن نحدد أول زمن الفعل ثم نحدد الفاعل والفعل‬ ‫والمفعول به ثم نضع المفعول به في بداية الجملة ثم نتبع هذه القواعد على حسب‬ -: ‫زمن الجملة‬ .p -7 ( He will play a match .

( active *** ( Our teachers must be obeyed ( by us ) .……………. ‫*** المستقبل البسيط‬ . must ………………………. ‫*** المضارع التام‬ . shall …….……...…be .( A match will be played ( by him ) ... would …………..……………………………... ‫ العمود الثالث والخير عبارة عن المبنى للمجهول‬-3 Passive Active Tense is – are worked work – works Present Simple was – were worked worked Past Simple is / are being worked am / is / are working Present Continuous was / were being worked was / were working Past continuous has / have been worked has / have worked Present Perfect had been worked had worked Past Perfect will be worked will work Future simple -:‫*** تحويل الضمائر يكون كالتي‬ me I him He her She it It us We .. ought to ………….………....………………………... ( active *** ( Football can be played ( by him ) .. have to / has to / had to ………………………………be worked am going to / is going to / are going to ……………… be worked ( He can play football ... ‫*** الماضي البسيط‬ .. ( passive ***( He has to respect the law .. ‫*** الماضي التام‬ ......……be worked worked worked worked worked worked worked worked worked -: ( will ) ‫*** التركيبات التية تعامل مثل‬ ..... may ………………….…be .. ( passive ‫*** هذا الجدول عبارة عن مثال لكل زمن سوف يوضح لك عملية التحويل بسهولة‬ -: : ‫ العمود الول من الجدول عبارة عن الزمنة‬-1 ......……………………….…be . ‫*** الماضي المستمر‬ .. should ……..……be .... might ……………………. ( active ( The law has to be respected ( by him ) . ‫*** المضارع البسيط‬ ..……… be ....….………………………………….......…be .……be .. ‫ العمود الثاني من الجدول هو المبنى للمعلوم‬-2 .………………....…be . can ………………………………………. ( passive ( We must obey our teachers .. ‫*** المضارع المستمر‬ ....…………………………………. ( passive -: ‫ ( عند التحويل‬will ) ‫*** جميع الفعال الناقصة تعامل مثل‬ .. could ………………………………………….

He bought two cars -3‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. He will buy a new house -14‬‬ ‫‪. She is cleaning the room -5‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬نحول الجملة الجديدة إلى صيغة المبنى للمجهول ‪. She can answer the exercise well -17‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. She eats an apple -2‬‬ ‫‪. He ate an apple -1‬‬ ‫‪. You brought the book -1‬‬ ‫‪. She has cleaned the rooms -11‬‬ ‫‪. The book was brought by you -2‬‬ . They had cleaned the rooms -12‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. He has opened the window -9‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. She writes two letters -4‬‬ ‫‪.‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫تحويل السؤال إلى صيغة المبنى للمجهول‬ ‫‪ -1‬نحول السؤال إلى إثبات مع المحافظة على زمن الجملة ‪. We ought to defend our country -18‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬نحول الجملة المنية للمجهول إلى السؤال مرة أخرى ‪. She was writing two letters -8‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. They were writing a letter -6‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪? Did you bring the book‬‬ ‫‪. They are cleaning the rooms -7‬‬ ‫‪. He is going to buy a car -19‬‬ ‫‪. He had written the lesson -10‬‬ ‫‪. He will buy two cars -15‬‬ ‫‪. We have to respect the law -20‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬إذا كان السؤال يتضمن كلمة استفهامية نضعها في أول السؤال ‪. They will buy a car -13‬‬ ‫‪.‫‪you You‬‬ ‫‪them They‬‬ ‫‪Exercise‬‬ ‫*** ‪-: Change into passive‬‬ ‫‪.‬ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. He can buy a new house -16‬‬ ‫‪.

He writes a letter -1‬‬ ‫‪. He has bought a car -1‬‬ ‫‪. ( by whom‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪? Whom did the headmaster punish yesterday‬‬ ‫‪. The headmaster punished the boy yesterday -1‬‬ ‫‪.‫‪? Was the book brought by you -3‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪? Do people speak Arabic all over the world‬‬ ‫‪. They finished the letter -1‬‬ ‫‪. The car was bought -1‬‬ ‫‪? Was the car bought -2‬‬ ‫‪? By whom was the car bought -3‬‬ ‫*** إذا بدأ السؤال بأداة الستفهام ) ‪ ( who‬نحولها إلى ) ‪. People speak Arabic all over the world -1‬‬ ‫‪. Arabic is spoken all over the world -2‬‬ ‫‪? Is Arabic spoken all over the world -3‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪? Who bought the car‬‬ ‫‪. The boy was punished by the headmaster yesterday -2‬‬ ‫‪. He has mended the door -1‬‬ ‫‪. ( who‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪? Did they finish the letter‬‬ ‫‪. Who was punished by the headmaster yesterday -3‬‬ ‫*** إذا بدأ السؤال بأداة الستفهام ) ‪ ( whom‬نحولها إلى ) ‪. A letter is written -2‬‬ ‫‪? Is a letter written -3‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪? Why has he bought a car‬‬ ‫‪. A car has been bought -2‬‬ ‫‪? Why has a car been bought -3‬‬ ‫‪Exercise‬‬ ‫*** ‪-: Change into passive‬‬ ‫‪? Do people speak French all over the world -1‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Did you bring the car -2‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Does he play football -3‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Who answered the question -4‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ . The door has been mended -2‬‬ ‫‪? Has the door been mended -3‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪? Does he writes a letter‬‬ ‫‪. The letter was finished -2‬‬ ‫‪? Was the letter finished -3‬‬ ‫) * ( ‪? Has he mended the door‬‬ ‫‪.

Don't waste your time -10‬‬ ‫‪Don't let your time be wasted . Clean the blackboard -7‬‬ ‫‪. Let the door be closed‬‬ ‫‪. Let the letter be written‬‬ ‫‪. Close the window -1‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. Let the blackboard be cleaned‬‬ ‫‪. Write this exercise -3‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. Listen to the doctor -6‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ . Do your homework -4‬‬ ‫‪. Close the door -1‬‬ ‫‪. Let your mother be helped‬‬ ‫‪. Read the letter -6‬‬ ‫‪. Write the question -5‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. Write the letter -3‬‬ ‫‪. Give this pen to Ali -5‬‬ ‫‪. Let this question be written‬‬ ‫‪. Let the window be opened‬‬ ‫‪. Help your mother -9‬‬ ‫‪. Let this pen be given to Ali‬‬ ‫‪. Open the door -2‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪. Open the window -2‬‬ ‫‪. OR Let your time not to be‬‬ ‫‪. Let your homework be done‬‬ ‫‪. Let the letter be read‬‬ ‫‪.‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Whom did they gave the books -5‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Why does he buy a car -6‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪? Can he solve the problem -7‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫تحويل المر إلى صيغة المبنى للمجهول‬ ‫*** نحول صيغة المر إلى صيغة المبنى للمجهول باستخدام هذه الطريقة ‪-:‬‬ ‫التصريف الثالث ‪ be + +‬مفعول به ‪Let +‬‬ ‫‪. Write this question -8‬‬ ‫‪. wasted‬‬ ‫‪Exercise‬‬ ‫*** ‪-: Change into passive‬‬ ‫‪. Don’t move the table -4‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.

it turn into ice -2‬‬ ‫*** هذا النوع من الجمل يعبر عن شيء ما يكون صحيح أو حقيقي ‪.. If + Past Simple …………………………… would + infinitive‬‬ ‫‪. If I met her before . If I get up early .necessary changes in tenses and pronouns . he would have won the race -2‬‬ ‫‪If I had known that you were coming . If + Present Simple ………………………….‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬نحول الضمائر حسب المتكلم والمخاطب ‪.. he would visit me -3‬‬ ‫*** هذا النوع من الجمل يعبر عن شيء ما غير حقيقي أو خيالي في المستقبل ‪.‬‬ ‫*** إذا كان فعل الشرط في زمن المضارع البسيط فيجب أن يكون جواب‬ ‫الشرط ‪ will +‬المصدر‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪-: The Second Conditional -3‬‬ ‫‪. I would succeed -1‬‬ ‫‪. Direct Speech : is the speaker's actual words -1‬‬ ‫الكلم المباشر هو كلم المتحدث نفسه ‪. ( ( told‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬كلمة ) ‪ ( said‬تبقى كما هي ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬نحذف القواس وعلمات التخصيص ونضع أداة الربط )‪ ( that‬ويمكن الستغناء‬ ‫عنها ‪... it freezes and become ice -1‬‬ ‫‪. If + Present Simple ………………………….. " I feel thirsty‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫*** هناك عدة أنواع للكلم المباشر والكلم غير المباشر ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** عند تحويل الجملة الخبرية من الكلم المباشر إلى الكلم غير المباشر يجب‬ ‫أن نتبع التي ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬نحول ) ‪ ( said to‬إلى ‪.. If I studied hard . If the water freezes . Present Simple‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ل يحدث أي تغيير إذا كان فعل القول في المضارع ‪..‬‬ ‫‪Indirect Speech : is the speech as its reported with some -2‬‬ ‫‪. He says . she will visit her uncle -3‬‬ ‫*** هذا النوع من الجمل يعبر عن شيء ما نسب حدوثه ‪ % 50‬في المستقبل ‪. will + infinitive‬‬ ‫‪. If she has some free time . I would have met you -3‬‬ ‫‪... .p‬‬ ‫‪. I will catch the bus -1‬‬ ‫‪. I would buy a new house -2‬‬ ‫‪..‬‬ ‫*** إذا كان فعل الشرط في زمن الماضي التام فيجب أن يكون جواب الشرط‬ ‫‪ Have + would +‬التصريف الثالث للفعل ‪. he will visit Jerusalem -2‬‬ ‫‪.‫‪-: The Zero Conditional -1‬‬ ‫‪.If + Past Perfect ………………… ………… would + have + p.‬‬ ‫*** إذا كان فعل الشرط في زمن الماضي البسيط فيجب أن يكون جواب الشرط‬ ‫‪ would +‬المصدر‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪-: The third Conditional -4‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫*** إذا كان فعل الشرط في زمن المضارع البسيط فيجب أن يكون جواب‬ ‫الشرط مضارع بسيط ‪. If he bought a car .‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪-: The First Conditional -2‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪. If I had a lot of money . If he lives in Palestine . If he had run faster ..:‬‬ ‫*** ‪".. I wouldn't have forgotten her name -1‬‬ ‫‪. etc‬‬ ‫الكلم غير المباشر هو الكلم المنقول ) كما نقل ( مع بعض التغييرات الضرورية‬ ‫في الزمنة والضمائر ‪. at the station‬‬ ‫*** هذا النوع من الجمل يعبر عن شيء ما غير حقيقي أو خيالي في الماضي ‪. If water cools to 0C .

" I do my homework -3 . " I finish my homework -1 . Huda said . He said . Ali said (that ) he was reading a story " . He said . " I am reading a story -4 . " I bought a new car -6 . before the week before last last week could can would will should shall might may that this there here before / previously ago he / she I they we had to must his / her me his / her my his / hers mine them us their our theirs ours was going to am going to was going to is going to were going to are going to those these Examples " . He said ( that ) he had visited his uncle " . " I have visited my uncle -5 ... He says that he feels thirsty -: ‫ يجب أن نتبع الجدول التي عند التحويل‬-6 Indirect Direct Past Simple Present Simple Past Continuous Present Continuous Past Perfect Present Perfect Past Perfect / Past Simple Past Simple the next day / the following day tomorrow the day before / the previous day yesterday that day today then now the ………. He said ( that ) he did his homework " . Ali said . Ali says . " This exam is not difficult -2 . Ali says ( that ) he finishes his homework " . Huda says (that ) this exam is not difficult " . Huda says .

" I am going to buy a new car -8‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬يجب أن نتبع الجدول السابق الموجود في صفحة ) ‪. " I will buy a car -7‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬نضع بعد ) ‪ ( to‬فعل المر كما هو ‪. Amjad said . " Where are you going -1‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ . Ali asked Ahmed Where he was going‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬نحذف علمات التخصيص ونستخدم ) ‪ ( to‬كأداة ربط ‪. Are the apples ripe " -2‬‬ ‫‪. ( asked‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬إذا كان السؤال يحتوى على أداة السؤال ‪ ،‬نستخدم الداة نفسها كأداة ربط ‪. Ali asked Hany if he was staying long‬‬ ‫‪" . Are you staying long . Ali said to Ahmed .Questions‬‬ ‫*** أسئلة يجاب عليها بنعم أو ل ‪Yes OR No Questions‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬نستخدم كلمة )‪. Hany ? " asked Ali " -1‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬نستخدم ) ‪ ( ordered‬للمر ‪. How long have you been here ? " they asked him " -2‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬نستخدم ) ‪ ( told‬عندما يكون الكلم موجه من شخص الشخص يساويه في‬ ‫المرتبة ‪. ( 119 – 118 – 117‬‬ ‫‪Examples‬‬ ‫‪" ? Ali said to Ahmed . I asked the gardener if the apples were ripe‬‬ ‫*** عند تحويل المر من الكلم المباشر إلى الكلم غير المباشر يجب أن نتبع‬ ‫التي ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬نستخدم ) ‪ ( advised‬للنصيحة ‪.‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬إذا كان السؤال ل يحتوى على أداة سؤال ‪ ،‬نستخدم ) ‪ ( if‬أو ) ‪( whether‬‬ ‫كأداة ربط ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬نحول الضمائر حسب المتكلم والمخاطب ‪. Amjad said that he would buy a car‬‬ ‫‪" . Ali told Ahmed that he was going to buy a new car‬‬ ‫*** عند تحويل السؤال من الكلم المباشر إلى الكلم غير المباشر يجب أن نتبع‬ ‫التي ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬هناك نوعين من السئلة ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** أسئلة تبدأ بكلمات استفهام ‪Wh.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬نستخدم ) ‪ ( begged‬للرجاء والتوسل ‪. Huda said ( that ) she had bought a new car‬‬ ‫‪" . They asked him How long he had been there‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬نحول السؤال إلى جملة خبرية بتقديم الفاعل على الفعل ‪.

D . ‫ نحول الضمائر حسب المتكلم والمخاطب‬-7 . etc. " -3 ( ( request . " Drink a lot of water -1 . ( not to ) ‫ ( من الجملة ونضع‬don't ) ‫ ( نحذف كلمة‬2 ) ‫*** لحظ المثال رقم‬ ‫*** عند تحويل التعجب من الكلم المباشر إلى الكلم غير المباشر يجب أن نتبع‬ -: ‫التي‬ : ‫ نحذف كلمة التعجب ونضع كلمة تدل عليها‬-1 with joy ‫ ببهجة‬with regret ‫بندم‬ with sorrow ‫ بحزن‬with sadness ‫بحزن‬ with anger ‫ بغضب‬with admiration ‫بإعجاب‬ . The doctor advised me to drink a lot of water " . The manager ordered Ali to clean the car . give me some money . Ali said to his brother . C . ( not to ) ‫ إذا كان المر منفى نستخدم‬-8 . ‫ أول حرف في الجملة‬-1 . Ali told his brother not to make any noise Soha said to her mother . ‫ ( من الجملة‬please ) ‫ نحذف كلمة‬-9 Examples " . This is my car . Ali said . Soha begged to her mother to give her some money " . *** We go there every year *** -: ‫ مع أسماء اليام والشهر والديانات واللغات والعياد‬-2 Saturday / Sunday / January / February / Arabic / Islam / Christmas -: ‫ مع أسماء الشخاص‬-3 . B . " Clean the car -4 . The manager said to Ali . ( that ) ‫ نحذف القواس ونضع‬-2 . " Don't make any noise -2 . " Please . The doctor said to me .. ( ) ‫ نحول الضمائر و الزمنة والتغييرات الخرى الموجود في صفحة‬-3 " . ) 1 ‫الحروف الكبيرة‬ -: ‫*** نستخدم الحرف الكبير‬ . Ali said with sorrow that he would not find his car -Capital Letters ( A . " Alas ! I will not find my car *** .

Tue‬‬ ‫*** بين كميات النقود ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪( three dollars twenty five ) $3.25‬‬ ‫*** بين البريد اللكتروني وعناوين المواقع ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Ibd @ eol . org‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪( ? ) Question Mark -3‬‬ ‫علمة السؤال‬ ‫*** نستخدم علمة الستفهام ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** في صيغة السؤال المباشر ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪? Did you see it ? Are you happy‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪-Exclamation Mark ( ! ) 4‬‬ . / Dec.A / Dr. This is my car . Jack / 2nd.U.S. ) Full Stop -2‬‬ ‫النقطة‬ ‫*** نستخدم النقطة ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** في نهاية الجملة ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** ‪. Ali‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬مع الختصارات ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪UN / UNESCO / UNDP / USA‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬مع عناوين برامج التلفاز ‪ ،‬عناوين الكتب والمجلت و الصحف و العمال‬ ‫الفنية ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪English Grammar / King Oedipus / King Lear / The Times‬‬ ‫‪ -8‬مع أسماء البحار والنهار والبحيرات والشوارع ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪/ The Red Sea / The Mediterranean Sea / The Nile‬‬ ‫‪Great Lakes / Al-Bahar Street‬‬ ‫‪( .‫‪Ali / Ahmed / Soha / Jack / Susan / Bill‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬مع اسماء الماكن و الجنسيات والمنظمات ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Khanyounis / Gaza / Ramallah / Palestinian / Syrian / the United‬‬ ‫‪Nation‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬مع اللقاب وأسماء العلم ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪/ President Mahmoud Abas / Al –Azhar University‬‬ ‫‪King Abdullah / Dr. *** We go there every year‬‬ ‫*** بعد رموز الختصارات ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪. Ali / Mr.

eggs and‬‬ ‫‪.‫علمة التعجب‬ ‫*** تأتى بعد الكلمة التعجبية أو العبارة التعجبية علمة ) ! ( للتعبير عن الشعور‬ ‫المفاجئ أو الدهشة ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪!That's wonderful! / Alas! / Ouch‬‬ ‫‪( . cabbages . ) Comma -5‬‬ ‫الفاصلة‬ ‫*** نستخدم الفاصلة ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** بين الصفات أو أي أشياء أخرى في قوائم ) سرد قائمة من الشياء ( ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** ‪I bought carrot . oranges . isn't he? / It's a beautiful girl . tomatoes . / The boys' bike .:‬‬ ‫‪. Part three : Thing to bring : gas . / We'll go to the‬‬ ‫‪. the party was interesting‬‬ ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪( ' ) Apostrophe -6‬‬ ‫الفاصلة العليا‬ ‫*** نستخدم الفاصلة العليا ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** لتوضح الحرف الناقصة وأيضا تستخدم للملكية ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪He's here . market‬‬ ‫‪Ali's car . / Amjad's bike . " I'm tired‬‬ ‫*** لنفصل بين الفكرة الرئيسية والفكرة الثانوية في الجملة ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪. / Nilsons' car‬‬ ‫‪I'm / I've / he's / we're‬‬ ‫*** عندما تكون الكلمة منتهية بــ ) ‪ ( s‬تقع بعدها ‪the boys' car -:‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪( : ) Colon -7‬‬ ‫النقطتان‬ ‫*** نستخدم النقطتان ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** قبل تقديم أو سرد أشياء في قائمة ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪. tent . therefore everybody is busy‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ .Although it was winter . isn't he‬‬ ‫*** قبل الكلم المباشر ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪" . wet and cold night‬‬ ‫*** قبل السؤال المذيل ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪? He is a student . pans and boot‬‬ ‫‪( . ) Semi-colon -8‬‬ ‫الفاصلة المنقوطة‬ ‫*** نستخدم الفاصلة المنقوطة ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** لفصل أجزاء الجمل المرتبطة فكريا ‪. We are going to Jerusalem . potatoes‬‬ ‫*** ‪. It was a dark .Ali said .

" I am tired‬‬ ‫" ‪. We can swim! " he shouted‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪( .‬توضح المعلومات‬ ‫المتعلقة بالمكان ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Jack Nilson ( 1925 – 2000 ) was born in France and visit Palestine‬‬ ‫‪.‫‪( .made machine‬‬ ‫‪-Ali has rad about the compli‬‬ ‫‪. Ali said . You know Soha – Ali's wife – she is never on time‬‬ ‫‪" ……… "Quotation Marks -11‬‬ ‫علمات القتباس‬ ‫*** نستخدم علمات القتباس ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** لحصر الكلم المباشر أو لبراز الكلم المنطوق في النص ‪:‬‬ ‫‪" . It's a well .:‬‬ ‫‪. The book – mine . not yours – was on the table‬‬ ‫‪.……… ) Brackets -12‬‬ ‫القواس‬ ‫*** نستخدم القواس ‪-:‬‬ ‫لفصل المعلومات الضافية من الجزء الرئيسي للجملة ‪ .) Hyphen -9‬‬ ‫الشرطة القصيرة‬ ‫*** نستخدم الشرطة القصيرة ‪-:‬‬ ‫لربط كلمتين و لتفصل كلمة في نهاية السطر ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪.. cated history of Iraq‬‬ ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ‫‪( _ ) Dash -10‬‬ ‫القاطعة‬ ‫*** نستخدم القاطعة ‪-:‬‬ ‫*** لفصل أجزاء الجملة أو قبل شرح الجملة ‪. in 1998‬‬ ‫) ‪( see Unit 7 ) / ( see Lesson 8‬‬ ‫‪The Days of the Week‬‬ ‫أيام السبوع‬ ‫الربعاء ‪ Wednesday‬السبت ‪Saturday‬‬ ‫الخميس ‪ Thursday‬الحد ‪Sunday‬‬ ‫الجمعة ‪ Friday‬الثنين ‪Monday‬‬ ‫الثلثاء ‪Tuesday‬‬ .

first 21st fifth 5th twenty – second 22nd sixth 6th twenty . Sunday Fri.third 23rd seventh 7th twenty – fourth 24th eighth 8th twenty . Thursday Sun. Tuesday The Seasons of the Year ‫فصول السنة‬ ‫ الصيف‬Autumn ‫ الخريف‬Winter ‫الشتاء‬ ‫ الربيع‬Summer Spring The Months of the Year ‫أشهر السنة‬ January ‫ يناير‬July ‫يوليو‬ February ‫ فبراير‬August ‫أغسطس‬ March ‫ مارس‬September ‫سبتمبر‬ April ‫ ابريل‬October ‫أكتوبر‬ May ‫ مايو‬November ‫نوفمبر‬ June ‫ يونيو‬December ‫ديسمبر‬ ‫اختصار أشهر السنة‬ . February Sep. Friday Mon Monday Tue. Saturday Thurs. ‫*** عند الختصار يجب أن نضع نقطة في نهاية الختصار‬ Jul. August Feb. December Jun. October Apr. June Numbers ‫الرقام‬ seventeenth 17th first 1st eighteenth 18th second 2nd nineteenth 19th third 3rd twentieth 20th fourth 4th twenty . Wednesday Sat. ‫*** عند الختصار يجب أن نضع نقطة في نهاية الختصار‬ Wed. September Mar. March Oct. November Dec. January Aug. April May ‫ ــــــ‬Nov.ninth 29th thirteenth 13th thirtieth 30th fourteenth 14th .sixth 26th tenth 10th twenty .seventh 27th eleventh 11th twenty . July Jan.fifth 25th ninth 9th twenty .‫اختصار أيام السبوع‬ .eighth 28th twelfth 12th twenty .

………………………………………………………………… : 1997 / 2 / 02 ( * ) ... The thirteenth of May .………………………………………………………………… . two thousand and five -: 2007 / 3 / 22 ( * ) . nineteen ninety – seven -: 2015 / 6 / 12 ( * ) . two thousand and four -: Write the following dates *** : 1888 / 1 / 01 ( * ) .………………………………………………… : 1992 / 3 / 03 ( * ) .. ‫*** عندما نقرأ التاريخ نبدأ باليوم ثم الشهر ثم السنة‬ -: ‫*** قراءة التاريخ تختلف عن كتابته‬ -: 2007 / 9 / 03 ( * ) .. nineteen ninety – four -: 1997 / 4 / 30 ( * ) . two thousand and three -: 1999 / 8 / 10 ( * ) . nineteen ninety – nine -: 2009 / 9 / 06 ( * ) . The ninth of January . two thousand and nine -: 1977 / 1 / 09 ( * ) . The fifteenth of March . The third of September . two thousand and four -: ‫ التاريخ يبدأ بالشهر ثم اليوم ثم السنة‬، ‫*** في الوليات المتحدة المريكية‬ -: 1993 / 7 / 14 ( * ) . The tenth of August . The fourteenth of February . The twelfth of June . The second of January . The twenty – first of December . The sixth of September . The twenty – third of July .……………………………………………… : 1995 / 5 / 05 ( * ) . nineteen ninety – four -: 2005 / 1 / 02 ( * ) . two thousand and four -: 1994 / 3 / 15 ( * ) . The thirtieth of April .………………………………………………… : 1993 / 4 / 04 ( * ) . The twenty – second of March . nineteen seventy – seven -: 2004 / 12 / 21 ( * ) .thirty – first 31st fifteenth 15th sixteenth 16th Dates ‫التواريخ‬ .. September the fourth . two thousand and fifteen -: 2003 / 5 / 13 ( * ) . July the fourteenth . nineteen ninety – three 2004 / 9 / 04 ( * ) . two thousand and seven -: 2004 / 2 / 14 ( * ) . two thousand and seven -: 1994 / 7 / 23 ( * ) .

……………………………………… : 2005 / 1 / 13 ( * ) ...………………………………………… : 2010 / 6 / 18 ( * ) ..………………………………………… : 2045 / 1 / 25 ( * ) ……………………………………………… : 2055 / 2 / 26 ( * ) ……………………………………………… : 2060 / 3 / 27 ( * ) ……………………………………………… : 2066 / 4 / 28 ( * ) ……………………………………………… : 2077 / 5 / 29 ( * ) …………………………………………… : 2088 / 6 / 30 ( * ) ……………………………………………… : 3013 / 1 / 31 ( * ) ...………………………………………… : 2001 / 9 / 09 ( * ) ...………………………………… : 2002 / 10 / 10 ( * ) ..………………………………………… : 2006 / 2 / 14 ( * ) .……………………………………………… : 2007 / 3 / 15 ( * ) .……………………………………… : 2017 / 7 / 19 ( * ) ..….……………………………………… : 2000 / 8 / 08 ( * ) ..………………………………………… : 1997 / 6 / 06 ( * ) ..…………………………………………… : 2004 / 12 / 12 ( * ) ..………………………………………… : 2020 / 8 / 20 ( * ) .…………………………………… : 2009 / 5 / 17 ( * ) .....…………………………………………… : 2028 / 11 / 23 ( * ) …………………………………………… : 2040 / 12 / 24 ( * ) .……………………… : 2025 / 10 / 22 ( * ) .……………………………………… : 2022 / 9 / 21 ( * ) .…………………………………………… : 2008 / 4 / 16 ( * ) ...…………………………………… : 1999 / 7 / 07 ( * ) .……………………………………… : 2003 / 11 / 11 ( * ) ..

Huda London .teacher Cairo .( Exercise ( 1 -: Write the nouns in the table below *** Ali .….cinema . ies have carry be hurry try -: Write twenty verbs in present .Jordan . 2.Susan .sheep .Baghdad .desk .go / went / gone -1 -4 -3 -6 -5 -8 -7 -10 -9 -12 -11 -14 -13 -16 -15 -18 -17 -20 -19 . past and past participle **** play / played / played .paper .Palestine engineer .window .Jack Soha .door .ship .singer Places Animals Things People ( Exercise ( 2 : Complete the table with the correct forms of the verbs *** ( he / she / it ) es + s + go play pass eat watch drink do hope wash sleep Irregular Y ………….shirt .Amjad .dog .camel .businessman .computer .nurse .cat . goat .Gaza .Jerusalem .chair .chicken doctor .

…………………………… ( adverb from ( slowly -7 ……………………… word which describes noun -8 . 7..……………… : high : ……………… 6.( Exercise ( 3 : Complete the table *** Superlative Comparative Adjective old fast close heavy long happy hot exciting dangerous bad easy important large slow many beautiful clever little ( Exercise ( 4 -:Find the opposites of these adjectives in the word square *** ..……………………… ( adjective from ( quickly -5 .………………… : slow : ……………. …………………… play / swim and read are all -6 .lucky .untrue ..………………… : thin : ……………… 10.………………………………… ( plural of ( wife -3 …………………………………… ( plural of ( cat -4 .difficult …………………… : old : ……………….kind .………………… : strong : …………… 9.quite -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 utysnmwaln nwollkqsmo leukcaadni umnzxssfbs cngeurtafy kaewdzcgve yoqdniknua ewsdapvhvs qpkciuqicy alcdghlozx ( Exercise ( 5 -: Read and find the words in the word square *** …………………………… ( past simple of ( give -1 ……………………… ( past participle of ( watch -2 .. 8..

( noun made from the adjective ( funny -4 . ( noun made from the verb ( pollute -1 .. ( noun made from the verb ( evaporate -7 . ( verb made from the noun ( irrigation -8 . ( adverb made from the adjective ( quick -10 tnemerusaem lfietagirri uunaovetuua cnoitullopb kbigfbdoqtt yasieptmnin odylkciuqok elnozwvusno iynoisolpxe noitaropave ( Exercise ( 7 : Complete the table *** Adverb Adjective quick slowly happy badly sad easily hungry funnily loud sharply quiet . ( noun from the verb ( erupt -3 ..…………………………… ( the opposite of ( sad -11 . ( noun made from the verb ( measure -2 .…………………… word which describes verb -10 .………………………… ( past participle of ( write -9 .…………………………… ( the opposite of ( take -12 skciuqwawa awollgrwid deukciiavv jmnzxvttee enheuetcsr caawdnehvb topdnineec iwpdylwdra vpyciuqibt evigghloss ( Exercise ( 6 -: Read and find the words in the word square *** .. ( adverb made from the adjective ( bad -9 . ( adjective made from the noun ( luck -5 . ( noun made from the verb ( explode -6 .

*** -: and write the infinitive form of each verb setorwkoot abzdekiatv nvnmvmltba gixqwalerb dsimvcemac cinobddezc vtbzasstcz xezxdekrow zdeyalpyid adlothguob . . …………………………… …………………… -6 . …………………………… …………………… -8 . …………………………… …………………… -7 . …………………………… …………………… -1 . …………………………… …………………… -10 ( Exercise ( 9 -: Find ten words for jobs in the word square *** spttsitnid crztekiawo ionevmlgac efxawaleit neicvcento tsnhbddter isbesruerz sozrdekrow treyalpyid oyraterces . …………………………… …………………… -4 . …………………………… …………………… -5 . . . . …………………………… …………………… -3 . . . . …………………………… …………………… -9 .well lucky beautifully horrible tightly ( Exercise ( 8 Find ten verbs of the past simple tense in the word square . …………………………… …………………… -2 . …………………………… …………………………… …………………………… …………………………… …………………………… …………………………… …………………………… …………………………… …………………… …………………… …………………… …………………… …………………… …………………… …………………… …………………… -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 .

( Listen ! the boys ( sing – sang – are singing -5 . He usually ( drive – drives – driving ) fast -2 . I ( am speak – am speaking – speak ) at this moment -12 . ( Look at her ! she ( sings – sing – is singing -4 . …………………………… …………………… -9 . ( Look ! it ( rains – raining – is raining -11 . We sometimes ( go – goes – going ) to the sea -6 . Ali rarely ( get – gets – getting ) up early -8 .. Ramy ( go – goes – went ) to school everyday -1 . He usually ( go – goes – going ) to the club -10 . What ( see – are you seeing – you see ) at this moment -7 . She ( play – plays – played ) tennis every week -14 . …………………………… …………………… -10 ( Exercise ( 10 -: Put these adjectives in the correct boxes below *** ( Exercise ( 11 -: Put each one of these word in front of its part of speech Noun Pronoun Verb Adjective Adverb Preposition Conjunction Article Interjection ( Exercise ( 12 -: Choose the correct answer *** . The baby ( cry – is crying – crying ) now -9 . He ( is writing – writing – writes ) a letter now -3 . He is ( read – reading – reads ) now -13 .

. ago While we ( were eating – eating – eat ) . The sun ( rise – rises – rising ) in the east -25 . They have never ( going – is going – gone ) to Lebanon -23 . Ali ( visit – visited – visits ) his uncle yesterday -34 . mother . the telephone -39 . He has already ( visit – visits – visited ) the holy places -16 .The sometimes ( spend – spends – spending ) the summer in -15 . I haven't ( see – saw – seen ) her lately -24 . He ( go – went – gone ) to Lebanon last year -28 . Ali ( go – is going – went ) to Jerusalem last summer -30 . Ali always ( going – go – goes ) to work by car -26 . He ( been – have been – has been ) in Jordan for three years -20 . We once ( lives – lived – live ) in Jericho -33 . I ( meet – meets – met ) Soha three weeks ago -31 Soha ( give – gave – given ) me an interesting book yesterday -32 . The wind ( blew – blow – blows ) strongly last week -35 . Cairo . Soha ( buy – bought – buying ) a car yesterday -36 . We always ( go – goes – is going ) to school by bus -27 . They ( has lived – have lived – lived ) here since 1999 -21 I have just ( received – receives – receive ) a letter from my -22 . She ( visit – visits – visited ) me a month ago -37 Ali and Amjad ( come – came – are coming ) here two weeks -38 . I am ( reads – reading – read ) the magazine at this moment -29 . The bus ( has arrived – hasn't arrived – arrived ) yet -17 ? Has – Have – Is ) he arrived yet ) -18 ? Hasn't – Haven't – Isn't ) he come yet ) -19 .

( ( came – come – coming After he ( finished – finish – had finished ) work . ( coming While I was ( wrote – write – writing ) a letter . I ( meet – will meet – met ) her next week -51 Our class ( beat – beats – will beat ) your class two goals to -52 . ( – came – is coming I ( eat – eaten – had eaten ) before she ( come – came – is -50 . Soha ( is learning – learning – learn ) English now -56 . broken – broken – break ) the window I ( reading – had read – reads ) the story before I ( go – went – -48 . ( – ringing – rang . I ( will see – saw – see ) him tomorrow -53 The bus ( arrive – arrived – will arrive ) at 5. one . It ( will be – is -54 . ( ( ringing – rang – ring I was ( sleep – sleeping – sleeps ) when the telephone ( rings -40 . Doctors ( look – looks – looking ) after patients in hospitals -58 . – was ) here soon I am ( read – reads – reading ) an interesting story at the -55 . I hurt my leg -41 – Soha ( finding – find – found ) her ring while she ( clean -42 . Ali usually ( play – is playing – plays ) tennis twice a week -59 . ( coming .30 . gone – went ) to the cinema The boys ( escapes – escaped – escape ) after they ( had -47 . As I ( was climbing – climbing – climb ) a tree . was cleaning – cleaned ) the room I was ( eats – eat – eating ) when he ( come – came – -43 . The earth ( going – go – goes ) round the sun -57 . gone ) to school We ( had played – plays – played ) tennis before they ( come -49 .. moment . gone – went ) to the cinema He ( had finished – finish – finished ) work before he ( go – -46 . he ( go – -45 . my aunt -44 .

. She prefers funny stories -2 ? .………………………… .…………………………… .……………………… . You aren't happy -3 ? .………………………………… .……………………… . We are learning music -7 ? ……………………………… .. It's too hot today-1 ? . He wasn't a student -17 .. ( arrived – arrive ( Exercise ( 13 -: Add suitable question tags *** ? .. ago . I am your best friend -5 ? ……………………………… . I am right -4 ? . We ( were having – have – had ) breakfast when Ali ( arrives – -65 . I am very clever -9 ? ……………………………… . Ali watched television yesterday -12 ? ……………………………… ..…………………………… .. Do – Does – Did ) you ( go – goes – went ) out last night ) -63 It ( rains – raining – was raining ) when I ( gets – get – got ) up -64 .. Ali is good student -10 ? . We are engineers -11 ? . Soha doesn't sing well -6 ? ………………………… . work ) in a bank The President Yasser Arafat ( die – dies – died ) three years -62 .………………………………… . We were students last year -16 ? . I ( works – worked – -61 .……………………… . We never play in the street -13 ? . He isn't a pilot -14 ? ……………………… .………………………………… ...………………………… . He has a beautiful house -15 ? ……………………………… . They like ice-cream -8 ? . How often do you ( go – goes – going ) to the cinema -60 When I ( living – lived – live ) in Qatar .

………………………………………………… . . Wash your hand -21 .……………………………………………… . Open the door -18 . .……………………………………………… .……………………………………………… .…………………………………………… . Read the letter -22 . . .………………………………………………… .……………………………………………… .……………………………………………… . We read many stories everyday -2 . .……………………………………………… . .…………………………………… . He bought a new car last month -10 . We are singing a beautiful song at this moment -6 . . He has bought a beautiful house yesterday -11 .…………………………………………… . . . Clean the classroom -20 . . . . She reads a story every week -1 .…………………………………………… . . . He broke the window last week -3 . We must obey our teachers -15 .……………………………………………… .………………………………………………… .………………………………………………… . Ali can play tennis -16 . . Close the window -19 . She is singing many songs -7 . Soha was writing many letters -9 . .………………………………………………… . Write the lesson -23 . . .……………………………………………… . .…………………………………………… .………………………………………………… . . Ali was writing his homework -8 . We are writing our lessons -17 . . Ali has written two letters -13 . . We have written the lesson -12 . Ali broke the windows yesterday -5 . .………………………………………………… .………………………………………………… .………………………………………………… .………………………………………………… . Help old woman -25 . . Write your homework -24 . . He will visit his uncle next month -4 . Ahmed had visited his uncle -14 .…………………………………………… .………………………………………………… .( Exercise ( 14 -: Change into passive voice *** .

. . . .………………………………………………… . . Clean the car -29 .…………………………………………………… .………………….…………………………………………………… .…………………………………………………… .……………………………… ( Exercise ( 15 -: Complete the table *** Plural Singular boxes woman books boy stars classroom trains mountain men king eggs window flowers door cats car trees ( Exercise ( 16 -: Complete the table *** Plural Singular heroes children churches stories donkey mouse .……………………………………………… . Read the lesson -30 . .. . . . Complete the sentence -34 . . Shut the door -33 . Answer this question -26 .……………………………………………… . smoke the cigarette -27 .…………………………………………… .……………………………………………… . Send this message -28 . .…………………. Shut the window -31 . Explain the sentence -36 . close the door -32 .…………………………………………… . Write this sentence -35 .…………………………… .

tooth deer oxen maid-servants feet geese army sky wife thief roof ( Exercise ( 17 -: Complete the table *** Past Participle Past Simple ‫اسم المفعول‬ Meaning ‫الماضي البسيط‬ Present Simple ‫المعنى‬ ‫المضارع البسيط‬ ask open play close hope work love like move is drink has sell cut win put become buy ( Exercise ( 18 -: Complete the table *** Past Participle Past Simple ‫اسم المفعول‬ Meaning ‫الماضي البسيط‬ Present Simple ‫المعنى‬ ‫المضارع البسيط‬ built broke were began ate drove drew knew .

fed found got dug dealt did forgot felt learnt gave ( Exercise ( 19 -: Complete the table *** Past Participle Past Simple ‫اسم المفعول‬ Meaning ‫الماضي البسيط‬ Present Simple ‫المعنى‬ ‫المضارع البسيط‬ let spoken written swum understood spent taken become blown cut built chosen bought cost fallen shaken smelt ridden ( Exercise ( 20 -: Complete the table *** Past Participle Past Simple ‫اسم المفعول‬ Meaning ‫الماضي البسيط‬ Present Simple ‫المعنى‬ ‫المضارع البسيط‬ ‫يأخذ‬ ‫يقف‬ ‫يكتب‬ ‫يقرأ‬ ‫يتحدث‬ ‫يسبح‬ ‫يرمى‬ ‫يبيع‬ .

‫يرسل‬ ‫يغنى‬ ‫يقابل‬ ‫يذهب‬ ‫يسمع‬ ‫يغادر‬ ‫يرسم‬ ‫يمسك‬ ‫يأتي‬ ‫يسرق‬ ( Exercise ( 21 -: Punctuate the following *** paris is the capital and the largest city of france many people -1 call it the most beautiful city in the world it contains lovely parks and trees in many of the city streets ………………………………………………… i am palestinian and i live in khanyounis i am a student at -2 mohammed al – dora high school i live in an apartment on the third floor it's got three bedrooms a sitting room two bathrooms and a kitchen there is a supermarket next to our building so we buy all our needs from it there are lots of shops in the middle of the town where we usually go shopping near them there are restaurants and coffee shop there is a park in its south but we rarely go to it because it is too far from our house there are all means of transport in our town such as buses and taxis however it is too crowded and traffic is very difficult especially in rush ……………………………………………… hour ……………………………………………… ……………………………………………… mr jack telephoned mr ali -3 …………………………………………… mr ali is going to Jordan his flight number is ja144 it leaves at -4 11.30 he will go through gate no 1 ……………………………………… ………………………………………… ali is a teacher of english he works at a school in gaza he -5 teaches english to high school students ……………………………………… ………………………………………… is dr amr coming to palestine next tuesday -6 …………………………………… hoda's father said that he would take her to jerusalem -7 ……………………………………… are you going to visit mrs huda next week asked soha -8 ……………………………………… he said ive been to gaza -9 ……………………………………… elephants are found in africa and asia -10 ………………………………………… have you ever been to the zoo in rafah no i haven’t -11 ………………………………………… what will happen if ali doesn’t catch the bus -12 …………………………………………… .

………………………………: plays -1 .………………………………………: live -28 ..……………………………………………: have lived -10 ...………………………………………………: was reading -13 ……………………………………………: send -14 .……………………………………………: bought -21 .has ali fed the chickens yet no he hasn’t -13 ………………………………………… ahmed isn’t at school today -14 ………………………………………… london has a big clock called big ben -15 …………………………………………… china is a huge country in asia -16 ………………………………………………… have you heard of elkhateeb -17 ……………………………………………… elkhateeb was the manager of the Egyptian team in the -18 world cup in 1990 ………………………………………………… maher wher did you go in holidays jamal -19 ………………………………………… farming is very important in palestine -20 ………………………………………… whats the problem -21 ………………………………………… ( Exercise ( 22 -: Use the following verbs in complete sentences *** .……………………………………………: is speaking -9 ...…………………………………: sell -25 .………………………………………………: will buy -22 ..……………………………………………: open -17 .……………………………………………: had arrived -11 ..…………………………………………: travel -29 ………………………………………: visit -30 ..………………………………: goes -4 .…………………………………………: drink -31 ..………………………………………: buy -20 ..…………………………………………: can climb -15 .………………………………: went -5 ……………………………: write -6 ………………………………: wrote -7 …………………………………: swim -8 ..………………………………………: closed -18 ……………………………………………: sing -19 .………………………………………: should go -16 .………………………………………: read -32 .…………………………………………: play -2 ....…………………………………………: has visited -23 ………………………………………………: were sleeping -24 .………………………………: go -3 ....…………………………………………: sleep -33 .…………………………………: leave -27 ..…………………………………………………: will visit -12 .………………………………………: drank -26 ..

He has got a round face and short black hair . He has got big brown eyes and strong white teeth .………………………………………: dream -34 .: Complete the table *** Noun Adjective Noun Adjective animal dangerous clever beautiful man mad tall hot good sad expensive happy film exciting long big girl short ( Exercise ( 25 -: Read the descriptions and fill in the table *** Ali is a cheerful . etc Interests . slim Lebanese . thirteen years old Palestinian . He is quite tall -1 and very well-built . Hair . etc Interests Soha is small . She is fourteen years and has -2 got an oval with a small nose and mouth . She . Hair .: Complete the table *** Reflexive Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Object Pronouns Subject Pronouns mine I yourself you You his He her She itself its It us We You theirs They ( Exercise ( 24 . She is very hard-working and gets high marks at school . likes History and Geography Name Nationality Age Character Size and shape Face .………………………………………… : eat -35 ( Exercise ( 23 . sport and music Name Nationality Age Character Size and shape Face . Her hair is quite short . He likes .

He is tall -4 and quite well-built . fifteen years old Egyptian boy . Wed. He has got big brown eyes and a small nose . . Hair . Hair . He has got a round face and quite long red hair . etc Interests ( Exercise ( 26 Look a *** -: t Ali's answer to a questionnaire and answer the questions . etc Interests Basel is very polite . Thurs. He doesn't like sport . He is . Mon. He is twelve years old -3 and he is very tall and extremely thin . Fri. Sat X X / / / / / Get up early X X X X X X Play football / X X / X X X Eat meat / X X X X Eat fruits / / / X X X / Eat vegetables / / / X X / X X X Eat sweets / X / X X X X X Go to cinema X X X X X X Cook dinner / Watch television / / / / / / / X X X X X Read stories / / X / X X X X X Listen music X X / X X X Read magazines / How often does he get up early ? He gets up early five times a -1 . young . He has got blue eyes and quite big ears . week ? How often does he play football -2 ? How often does he eat meat -3 ? How often does he eat fruits -4 ? How often does he eat vegetables -5 ? How often does he eat sweets -6 ? How often does he go to cinema -7 ? How often does he cook dinner -8 ? How often does he watch television -9 .Hany is a friendly . Sun. Tue. English boy . He has got a square face and very short black hair . but he likes reading Name Nationality Age Character Size and shape Face . interested in Mathematics and science Name Nationality Age Character Size and shape Face .

Wed. Thurs. Sat X X X X X X / Get up early X X / / / / Play basketball / X X / X X X Eat meat / X X Eat fruits / / / / / X X X / Eat vegetables / / / X X / X X X Eat sweets / Go to cinema / / / / / / / X X Cook dinner / / / / / Watch television / / / / / / / X X X X X X X Read stories X / / / / / X Listen music X X X X X X X Read magazines How often does he get up early ? He gets up early once a week -1 . Sat X / / / / / / Get up early X X X X X X Play tennis / X / / X / X Eat meat / X / / X X Eat fruits / / Eat vegetables / / / / / / / X X / / / X Eat sweets / X X X X X X X Go to cinema Cook dinner / / / / / / / X X X X X X / Watch television Read stories / / / / / / / X / / / / / X Listen music X X X Read magazines / / / / How often does she get up early ? She gets up early six times -1 .? How often does he read stories -10 ? How often does he listen music -11 ? How often does he read magazines -12 ( Exercise ( 27 Look at Hany's answer to a questionnaire and answer the *** -: questions . Tue. ? How often does he play football -2 ? How often does he eat meat -3 ? How often does he eat fruits -4 ? How often does he eat vegetables -5 ? How often does he eat sweets -6 ? How often does he go to cinema -7 ? How often does he cook dinner -8 ? How often does he watch television -9 ? How often does he read stories -10 ? How often does he listen music -11 ? How often does he read magazines -12 ( Exercise ( 28 Look at Soha's answer to a questionnaire and answer the *** -: questions . Sun. Wed. Tue. Mon. a week ? How often does she play football -2 ? How often does she eat meat -3 . Sun. Thurs. Fri. Fri. Mon.

Sat X X / / / / / Get up early X X / / / / Play tennis / X X / X X X Eat meat / X X Eat fruits / / / / / X X X / Eat vegetables / / / X X / X X X Eat sweets / X / X X X X X Go to cinema X X Cook dinner / / / / / Watch television / / / / / / / X X Read stories / / / / / X / / / / / X Listen music X X Read magazines / / / / / How often does she get up early ? She gets up early five times -1 . Fri. Tue. Mon.? How often does she eat fruits -4 ? How often does she eat vegetables -5 ? How often does she eat sweets -6 ? How often does she go to cinema -7 ? How often does she cook dinner -8 ? How often does she watch television -9 ? How often does she read stories -10 ? How often does she listen music -11 ? How often does she read magazines -12 ( Exercise ( 29 Look at Huda's answer to a questionnaire and answer the *** -: questions . Sun. Wed. Thurs. a week ? How often does she play football -2 ? How often does she eat meat -3 ? How often does she eat fruits -4 ? How often does she eat vegetables -5 ? How often does she eat sweets -6 ? How often does she go to cinema -7 ? How often does she cook dinner -8 ? How often does she watch television -9 ? How often does she read stories -10 ? How often does she listen music -11 ? How often does she read magazines -12 ( Exercise ( 30 -: Draw a line to join the two parts of the word *** ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ( Exercise ( 31 ‫ الصيف‬Autumn ‫ الخريف‬Winter ‫الشتاء‬ ‫ الربيع‬Summer spring -: Write the months according to their seasons *** Months .

. ..…………… .. USA – fox – France – lion – carpenter – Qatar – ox -: Write ( 6 ) Arab countries *** -4 -1 -5 -2 -6 -3 -: Write ( 6 ) Foreign countries *** -4 -1 -5 -2 -6 -3 ( Exercise ( 33 .. .. .………………………………-7 ( Exercise ( 34 -: Write the plural of these nouns in the correct boxes *** ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ( Exercise ( 35 -: Write the plural of these nouns in the correct boxes *** ( Exercise ( 36 -: Write four words that are *** ………….………………………………-3 ... .. .: Write the following words in the table *** Palestine – teacher – student – monkey – desk – Afghanistan – doctor – classroom – nurse – secretary – laboratory – dog – farmer .……………………………… -1 . ...( Exercise ( 32 .…………… ..………………………………-5 .………………………………-6 ....………………………………-4 ..... .…… .: Find the names of seven languages *** sptthcnerf prztekiawo aoncibarac nfxhwaleht ieiivceneo ssnnbddtbr hsbesruerz sozsdekrew naissurywd oyrhsilgne .... : People -1 .– cat – Egypt – mechanic – cow – tables – chairs – engineer – Jordan – soldier – Libya – computer – actor .......………………………………-2 ..

.………………………… : He + has -9 ....………………………… : We + have -18 .......…………… ....………………………… : It + will-15 ............………………………… : I + would -16 ... : Days -17 ( Exercise ( 37 -: Write the short forms of these words *** ................…………… ... ......…………… ... .…...... : Adverbs -8 …………… .………… ....... ...………………………… : You + have -19 ..…………… .......…………… . ........………………………… : You + are -5 ................………………………… : It + is -4 ... ..………………………… : We + are -6 ........… ...…………… ... .………………………… : I + have -8 .……………… ....………………………… : She + has -10 ..…………… ...…………… ....…………… .... .. : Sports -15 …………… .…………… ......……………… .......... ............ : Fruits -13 …………… .......... ... : Furniture -16 .....…………… . ....…………… ..………………………… : I + am -1 ..………………………… : She + is -3 ...…………… ........…………… ....……… ........ ...........…………… .…………… ......……………… .....…………… ... : Hospitals -12 …………… .....………………………… : She + will -14 ......... ..………………………… : It + has -11 .. ..…………… ......…………… ..…………… .………………………… : I + will -12 .... .………………………… : I + had -17 .…………… .....…………… .... ...…………… ..... : Animals -10 ………..... : Nationalities -11 …………… .…………… ... .... ...…………… ... .... : Vegetables -14 …... ......…………… ........... : Languages -2 ……………… .…………… ..…………… ...………………………… : He + is -2 ..... : Nouns -4 ………………… .………………………… : They + are -7 ....... : Adjectives -7 …………… ........ : Preposition -6 …………… .. : Things -3 ………....…………… ...........……… ... : Pronouns -9 …………… ....………………………… : He + will -13 . : Verbs -5 …………… .....................…………… ..

.10.happyer -3 . . .………………………… : have + not .………………………… : will + not .longger -11 .. ..……………………… : angryest : …………………..thiner -9 .……………………… : biger : ……………. . .. 4.………………………… : is + not .…………………… : lateer : …………………… 16.………………………… : was + not .…………………… : shortter : ………………...………………………… : can + not .………………………… : had + not . ..…………………… : heavyer : ………………….…………………… : fater : ……………………… 8.………………………… : shall + not ..noisyest -5 ....…………………… : coldder :…………………… 6. .………………………… : that + is . .………………………… : there + is -20 -21 -22 -23 -24 -25 -26 -27 -28 -29 -30 -31 -32 -33 ( Exercise ( 38 -: Correct the spelling of these words *** ...………………………… : has + not .………………………… : are + not .hoter -1 . ..………………………… : were + not .………………………… : would + not . . .. 12. ..sadest -13 .angryer -7 . 2.largeest -15 ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ( Exercise ( 39 -: Complete the table *** Conjunction Preposition Adverb Adjective Verb Noun cat happy go slowly in and Ali so on quickly well bad mad play eat of ( Exercise ( 40 -: Find eight words in your city *** tnarutserm cpztekcamo iancibhras .……………………… : largeer : …………………. 14.. .………………………… : They + have . .

in cooking Huda is interested in cooking . . .………………………… -3 . cooking Ramy is interested Art . three adjectives .. ……………………… -1 .………………………… -3 .. interested in fishing .………………………… -1 . .………………………… -1 . . .………………………… -2 .nrxhwaoerq ekiivconku msnnbdltec asbesruetl sozsdekreu naissurywb oylatipsoh .………………………… -2 . ……………………… -2 . ……………………… -1 . three verbs . music and English but he isn't interested . . . in fishing Amjad is interested in Science and English but he isn't interested . ……………………… -2 . Math and History but she isn't . . . three *** -: pronouns and three prepositions Anarutaerd lpztekcaio iancibhrno nrehwaoerf tssenippah hsnnbdltea esbesllatp yozsdeyalp gaissurywy oyltrohseh ( Nouns ) ( Adjectives ) . ………………………………… ………………………………… ………………………………… ………………………………… ………………………………… ………………………………… ………………………………… ………………………………… -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 ( Exercise ( 41 Find three nouns .. ……………………… -2 . ……………………… -3 ( Exercise ( 42 -: What are they interested in :. ……………………… -3 ( Prepositions ) . ……………………… -1 .Read and complete *** Ali is interested in music and History but he isn't interested in . . . . . ……………………… -3 ( Verbs ) ( Pronouns ) .

……………………………………………… ? The teacher said .………………………………………………… ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ ( Exercise ( 44 -: Complete the following *** . " I have just seen doctor Hany -3 ..…………………………………………… " . Ali said to Ahmed . " Have you ever been to USA -5 …………………………………………… " ? Amjad asked . " Do you like History -4 .……………………………………………… " ? Hany asked .………………………………………… Hany said to Ali . " Where are you go -14 . …….. Are you coming with us ? " Huda asked me " -10 .Soha is interested in cooking . I can swim .. If it rains -1 . " Where do you live -6 .. " Please repeat the question -9 .…………………………………………… " ? Ali said .……………………………………………… Ali asked Hesham . isn't interested in music and Art Soha Huda Amjad Ramy Ali Music Reading Fishing English Math Art Science Cooking History Geography ( Exercise ( 43 -: Change into reported speech *** " . Ahmed said to his brother .…………………………………………… " ? He asked . " Don't forget your books -8 .……………………………………………… . The phone is ringing -2 ……………………………………………… " .. Ali said . " I hate tea -1 ………………………………………………… " ... " he said " -11 .………………………………………………… ." Why did you apply for the job at -7 "?Directorate of Education .. " Clean the car -12 ..……………………………………………… " .. " I am going to play football -15 .. Ali said . Hud said . reading and Geography but she .………………………………………………… .

………………… a. Other people think that if the cage is large .small animals c. They miss the wide open spaces . the animals are not happy .……………………………… . The biggest is in London Some people don't like zoos ...………………………………………………… ? Why do some people dislike zoos -4 .………………………………… small animals in a zoo are -6 a. where they roam Most children enjoy a visit to a zoo . If you study hard . They . England there are five zoos . They think that it is cruel to keep wild animals in cages .. these small animals are safe It is probably . have to worry a bout enemies In the jungle small animals often don't live for many years because they are killed and eaten by larger animals .…………………………………… . therefore only the very large animals – lions .. throw things at them and tease them -: A) Answer the following questions ? Why do small animals in the jungle not live for many years -1 ……………………………………… ? What are the unhappiest animals in a zoo -2 . The animals have good food everyday and if they are ill they are given medicine .large animals b. In . then answer the questions *** -: below A zoo is a place where we can see animals from many different countries .. They don't ..cruel some visitors to a zoo are cruel to animals because they -7 .fierce animals d.open some of the cages . .look at cage b.. There is usually at least one zoo in every country ..in danger d.that are unhappy .safe b..……………………………………… What does the underlined word ( they ) in the second -3 ? paragraph refers to .………………………… a. ……………………………………………… . If I lived in Alexandria . If I had bought a new house .…………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer Children visiting a zoo usually prefer to look at -5 . tigers and bears .. They usually prefer to look at large animals although in fact . If he had a car -2 -3 -4 -5 (1) Read the following passage .... In a zoo . . these aren't always the most ...unhappy c.plants .. …………………………………………… . interesting Sometimes visitors to a zoo are very unkind to the animals .

There was a dog outside it owner's house . They have admires and fans who send them letters and hang . singers and musicians are known all over the world . fame isn't easily obtained but it is the result of hard .walk round the tree c. ate it up quickly and ran away -: A) Answer the following questions ? Why didn't the dog attack the fox -1 ………………………………………………… ? How can you prove that the fox was wise -2 ……………………………………………… ? When did the fox eat the dog's food -3 ……………………………………………… ? What does the underlined pronoun ( it ) refers to -4 ………………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer .………………………… Food was put -5 a.put statues inside their cages (2) Read the following passage .enter the farm house . The fox wanted to play a trick . politicians and great men are famous people and their fame goes far and wide . so food .attack c. Film stars .near the dog d. It was tied to a rope . then answer the questions *** -: below One evening a hungry fox came to a farm house . perhaps the dog wasn't hungry .round the tree b.c. Anyhow . the dog -7 a. At last the rope was too short for the dog to reach the food . The fox was intelligent enough to ………………….……………………… The fox wanted to -6 a.accompany b. the rope got shorter and shorter . The angry dog wanted to attack it but the rope wasn't long enough to reach the fox . kings presidents . There was food near the dog .help d..near the fox .far from the dog c. The fox went on walking round the tree and the dog did the same thing As the dog walked round and round the tree . It began to walk round the tree slowly .attack the dog d. Then the fox .eat anything b. then answer the questions *** -: below Everyone of us dreams of becoming famous one day or another .throw things at them d. Sportsmen and champions of games and sports enjoy great fame .trick (3) Read the following passage . remained long before it The hungry fox wanted to eat but it was afraid of the dog . their photographs on the walls of their houses The rulers of the world .

She also complains about the noise .they are free to do what they like b.they have free time as they like d.they have admirers and fans c.……………………… a. In her opinion . have ever seen belongs to a man who possess 1500 clocks There are clocks in every room of his house . a great number of people desire to get fame -: A) Answer the following questions ? When does a person become famous -1 ………………………………………… ? Why it is not easy to become famous -2 …………………………………………… ? Why are the famous people not happy sometimes -3 …………………………………………… ? What does the underlined pronoun ( it ) refers to -4 ……………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer Famous people may appear smiling although -5 …………………………… a.their fame has gone far and wide c. They appear smiling but in fact they are unhappy . its troubles . Each clock keeps its own time . them .………………………… Famous people are annoyed when -6 a. work and suffering But the life of famous people isn't an easy one . there is sometimes even worse than dust and noise .their freedom is far and wide c.. Newspapers and magazines write about them and sometimes about their private lives and this annoys them . Even with so many . His wife complains everyday about the work she has to do for it isn't easy to dust several hundreds clocks . and their time is arranged for them .their time is arranged for . As there is not enough room for so many clocks the man has filled several trunks and store them in the garage .their photographs are hung on the walls Their time is arranged for them ..they aren't free to do what they like (4) Read the following passage .their private lives are talked about d. But the strangest collection I . however . books and records are common things they like to collect . This means -7 . Though fame has .they are far from being happy d. It is very busy and full of troubles and responsibilities . Stamps . then answer the questions *** -: below People often collect things ..they are well known all over the world b. the Living room is surrounded by shelves which have been filled with clocks .they have admires and fans b.

I asked my friends if they had money . I told him about our bad situation .they were thieves . They agreed to my idea as all of us were hungry . The waiter became angry and wanted to take us to the police .. I had changed my trousers and forgot to take the money . but the money they had wasn't enough to pay the pill . my cousin came in to have coffee . clocks around . Each of us had some sandwiches and a cool drink . I found no money in my pocket . who thought that we were thieves -: A) Answer the following questions ? Why did the writer and his friends get into the cafeteria -1 ……………………………………………… ? How did the writer find himself without money -2 …………………………………………………… ? How did the cousin help them -3 …………………………………………………… ? What does the underlined word ( they ) refers to -4 …………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer The waiter wanted to take them to the police because -5 …………………… a.they ate sandwiches b. then answer the questions *** -: below Once I invited some of my friends to have a light meal and some drinks . He smiled and paid the waiter . To our good luck . I didn't know what to do . My face turned red . she never knows what time it is -: A) Answer the following questions ? Does each clock keep the same time -1 …………………………………………… ? What does his wife complain of -2 ………………………………………………… ? What is the main idea in this passage -3 …………………………………………… ? What does the underlined word ( them ) refers to -4 ……………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer People often like to collect ( birds and clocks – records and -5 ( clothes – stamps and records – shelves and trunks The man has put the clocks ( in one room – in every room – in -6 ( more than one room – in no room The wife has to ( dust – keep – store – sell ) hundreds of -7 . Then came the time of payment . To my astonishment . We went into the first cafeteria on the way . clocks (5) Read the following passage .

The extra price is called a surcharge There is also a network of coach services between large towns . bus a. In some towns . for example is one four three When you pay your money you get a ticket .…………………… a.……………………… Rush hour " .c.he forgot the money with his cousin d. Coach journeys are often cheaper than going by rail .……………………… The writer's cousin came into the cafeteria -7 a..he forgot the money at the cafeteria b. hour . If you already know how much it costs you can just ask for a ticket of that price .he forgot the money at home in other trousers c. Numbers like 6 or 27 are pronounced in the normal way but 143 .they didn't pay for the sandwiches and the drinks At first the writer couldn't pay the pill because -6 .station master c. where you can get information -: A) Answer the following questions ? What is the difference between a bus and a coach -1 ……………………………………………… What use are the number and the name which a bus has on -2 ? the front ……………………………………………… ? Write this bus number as it is pronounced -3 …………………………………………… ? Give suitable title to the passage -4 …………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer Sometimes the driver is also the ………………………… on the -5 . tickets are more expensive at rush .conductor d. then answer the questions *** -: below Buses have a number and name of their destination on the front .inspector b.to meet his cousin (6) Read the following passage . Try to give the conductor the exact fare .they had a cool drink d.to have coffee d. You tell the conductor or the driver where you want to go and tells you how much it costs . but may take longer .. The national coach service has offices at the bus . line 8 .to catch the thieves c. means " -6 .mechanic .he forgot the money with his friends . you must keep this because an inspector might want to see it .to help his cousin b. station in most towns ..

Others don't think that the seat belt can protect them . Cars also have brought about some problems such as accidents .. people have no power over their fate The idea of a small electric car isn't new . They are also much easier to park in city parking . The back of the car folds into the car body .electric d. By pushing a button .the bus (7) Read the following passage .last hour b. Scientists always try hard to solve them Many studies have shown that it is better to wear your seat belt when you are traveling in a car .sleeping hour . spaces Like other electric cars these cars don't pollute the air ..the ticket c.battery – driven . you can make it fold up .are agreed about using seat belts c... Seat belts greatly reduce the risk of death or injury in an accident . parking and . These cars were designed mainly for use in cities . a French company has designed a very special kind of electric car .first hour d. They have several advantages over regular cars .have great doubts about seat belts The underlined word ( risk ) in the second paragraph means -7 .………………………… The passage states that many people -6 a. serious pollution problems -: A) Answer the following questions ? Why do some people not wear seat belts -1 …………………………………………… ? How do electric cars benefit environment -2 …………………………………………… What are the advantages of new folding – cars over regular -3 ? ones ……………………………………………… ? Do you think seat belt are useful ? Why -4 ……………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer .petrol – powered b. They are afraid of being trapped in the car in an accident .old fashioned c..the money b.…………………………… The word ( this ) in line 4 .. However many people still don't wear seat belts .. Researchers have found several reasons for this . then answer the questions *** -: below No doubt having a car has many advantages ... they believe that .……………………………… Folding cars are -5 a.are convinced of using seat belts d.the fare d.……………… .a. This is an important consideration these days when many cities have .. Some people feel uncomfortable with the seat belt .always wear seat belts b.heavy traffic c. But now . A number of different car manufacturers already sell such cars . Their small size makes them much easier to drive around busy narrow streets . pollution . refers to -7 a.

They should have enough patience to continue until . But the essence of good consideration for other people .completely right b. plumbers and electrician earn a lot of money . it is because we don't want to disturb them . However .of no great value d. money a. no longer do young men depend on the government jobs .danger b.a. we find great change in what young men aim .a plumber c. carpenters . then answer the questions *** -: below The present age has witnessed a great change in the ways of living . and so on . If we avoid visiting or telephoning people at unsuitable times .a student What the Ministry of Education is carrying out is -5 …………………… a. they have to bear in mind that success isn't easy to get . they reach their goals -: A) Answer the following questions ? Which is better to find work in the government or outside it -1 ……………………………………………… How does the Ministry of Education try to solve the problem of -2 ? lack of skilled labour ……………………………………………… ? What piece of advice does the writer give the young men -3 …………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer According to the passage …………………. So we are taught not to speak with our mouths full .a government employee b. Builders . They should not lose hope quickly . Therefore .teaches technology (9) Read the following passage .wholly wrong c.fits lights d. not to reach across the table in front of someone else .crime c.………………………………… An electrician is the person who -6 a.a company official d.event d. Earns much more -4 . If we help an old lady in the bus it is because we see she needs help and we are willing . They require the right way to get skill in a job and become efficient in it . to The Ministry of Education tries to give a hand to those who find themselves ready to work in these fields by training them in technical schools . then answer the questions *** -: below Our parents try to train us in " good manners " from the time we are very young ..robbery (8) Read the following passage .fixes pipes b.paint walls c.somewhat wrong .

His flight number is NB 300 . Good manners can't always be taught people who had very little advice from their parents may be better – mannered than those who had a great deal . leaves at 12. Thanks a lot Message to .uncivilized c.………………………… A person who considered others is -7 a. He will go through gate No 4 Gate Departure time Destination Flight Name ( 11 ) -: Read the following then complete the table *** Hello . It .. My number is 0022115984654 .consideration for him d.comes naturally d. My name is Mary . man -: A) Answer the following questions ? When do parents train us in good manners -1 ……………………………………………… ? What is the essence of good manners -2 ………………………………………………… ? What shows that a person is civilized -3 ………………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer Reaching across the table in a front of someone else is -4 ……………………… a. It leaves . He will go through gate No 3 Mr.to visit people at unsuitable times b.to speak with our mouths full d. Ali is going to England . I am ringing to ask Heba to confirm a booking for a party of thirty people at the International Hotel from December . Consideration for others comes naturally to some people and is the mark of civilization as the old English proverb says : " Manners make a " .is bad manners . then complete the table *** Mr.good manners b.bad – mannered d. at 11.to telephone people at unsuitable times .to help an old lady in the bus c.is always taught b.and able to give it .the best manners .…………………………… Consideration for others -5 a. His flight number is HI 211 .is never taught c.civilized b. It's Saturday afternoon .55 . Samy is going to London .bad manners c.ill – mannered ( 10 ) -: Read the following .…………………… It is good manners -6 a. 9th to the 20th .30 . four o'clock her in London .

From day Time Message Contact number ( 12 ) -: Read the following . The fires was clever doctor . His telephone number is . to discuss the best way of exporting paper to London ." No . He asked her Have you got anything to show us ?" " She answered . the second a successful teacher and the third a great scientist who had many useful discoveries . then complete the table *** Mr. then answer the questions *** -: below Once upon a time . While the king was thinking about which of the three men to get the reward . Ali at nine o'clock a. 002589674325 . available near it Name Kind of room The length of stay Contents of the room Why he liked it Means of transport ( 14 ) Read the following passage . a king decided to give a great reward to the man who had served his country most . John sends a message to Mr.m. near to him . Taxis and buses are . " The king . He wants to meet at his hotel at four p. but " these three men are my sons and I've come to see who will win the reward . called out . A lot of people went to the kin's palace to watch that . then complete the table *** Ali booked a single room at a hotel .m. at once . He wanted to stay for three weeks . A man brought the king a gold gun another a box of jewelry and a third an Arab Horse . a woman came . He liked this hotel because it was near the supermarket . a table and three chairs . Thanks a lot Message to From day Time Message Contact number ( 13 ) -: Read the following . It has a big bed . But the king liked other three men the best . " Give these great .

swim across the canal b.. dog with a loaf of -4 . itself . The dog ran fast because it didn't want to be chased .the other This story teaches us a good lesson .served his country most b. the dog looked into the water . In order to get to other bank . While it was on the bridge .the gold gun b. the dog had to -3 . The dog was greedy so it opened its mouth to take the other piece of bread .good b.…………………… The woman went to the king's palace to -5 a. It thought that there was another dog with a loaf of bread . the foolish dog got none -: A) Answer the following questions ? Why did the dog run fast -1 …………………………………………… ? What does the underlined word ( this )refers to -2 …………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer In order to get to the other bank .others d.show the king something …………………………… The underlined word ( It ) refers to -6 a.get the reward b.presents to this lady who has given birth to these great men ! " It .brought him a gold gun . On his way it passed by a canal where there was a bridge .the king's present ( 15 ) Read the following passage . then answer the questions *** -: below Once a dog took a loaf from the baker's and ran a way .another b.brought him jewelry c.drink all the water The greedy dog thought that there was ……..run on the bridge c.………………… a.other c. it had to cross the canal on the bridge .jumped into the water d. One should not be -5 ………………… a.the Arab horse c. was a big real diamond -: A) Answer the following questions ? Why did the king give the woman a big diamond -1 ………………………………………… ? What are the jobs of the woman's three sons -2 …………………………………………… ? What did the first men bring the king -3 …………………………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer The king wanted to give a reward to the best man who had -4 ……………… a. Of course it saw itself there with a loaf in its mouth .great .watch her sons getting the reward c.greedy c. Doing this . bread a..gentle d.its own loaf fell into the water and so instead of two loaves for .

( 16 ) -: Read the following and complete the table *** Ali Kamal who works as an engineer in London was born in Khanyounis in 1965 .."these" line (3".. before a project starts and 'weigh these costs carefully against' the likely benefits.... As he very fond of music and swimming .……. : advantages : .. he .………………1 system by which living things feed on : . tiny sea creatures had fed on them and fish had gathered to feed on them in turn. then answer the questions *** -: below The Aswan Dam project was very successful and has brought Egypt great benefits..….."did" line( 7".………………… : ( weigh these costs against the likely benefits" lines(9.... Without these farmers have to spend . Several resulted from holding back the rich sediments that used to keep the land fertile. These effects were well understood but others were unexpected..10"5 ..others . this food chain collapsed and so did the fish . .industry Today. According to the text what do the following words refer to : ( others" line(2): ………………………… 2... but it has had major side effects..money heavily on artificial fertilizers Some of the sediments had previously traveled all the way to the coast and had added to the natural sea defenses every year. What are these benefits ……………………………………………… -:B) Do as required : A.. spends most holidays on the beach Name Job Place of work Place of birth Age Hobbies ( 17 ) Read the following passage ..2 according to ?the text .. When the sediments disappeared.the benefits to Egypt have been far greater than the problems -: A) Answer the following questions ?Why do Egyptian farmers have to buy artificial fertilizers.3 .1 …………………… : (them" line(7 ) : ………………………… 4.……………… -: B. we try to work out effects.. Find word(s) in the text that mean the following not natural 3………….1 ……………………………………………… Before building the Aswan Dam sediments had three benefits.…………………2 . In fact..... Moreover.

annoyed c.... Pressure .11 . life would be very boring. refusal According to the passage.……………………………………What does stress do to .……………………………………… ?Why is it important to be confident in facing stress situations .. Decide whether this statement is true or false : T F According to the text sediments used to save money for the.9 .see it positively or negatively Most people think stress is a negative reaction leading to feeling like anxiety..………… a. ..……………… you will be very a.12 ... happiness c. worry b.. It can make us feel more alive and energetic.a driving test... say – can affect two people very differently.. Find from the passage A word that means: a..2 ………………………………………… ?Why is stress part of everyday life . but also on attitudes to it.C.6 ..1 . unimportant c. normal d.helps us deal well with change Stress reactions depend not only on the situation.. Without it.…………………………… a.……………… . The other lacks confidence. However. These emotions easily turn to panic. The same situation . and failure becomes more likely. sadness d.………………………………………… ?What creates stress . pleased :c..3 …………………………………………… . if you have a lot of positive stress. T F ( 18 ) Read the following passage ...4 ?What happened to the confident driver .develop when there is too much negative stress -: A) Answer the following questions ?What is meant by stress . furious b.. Stress is our reaction to change – all change.10 .… b.. then answer the questions *** -: below Normal life never stays normal for long simply because it is full of change.………………………………………… ?What does the underlined pronoun It refer to . embarrassed d. One person is confident. usual ……………….. it can also be a positive reaction that . whether we .8 ……..1 farmers.. unnecessary b.………….…………………………… -: B) Choose the correct answer According to the passage stress is considered very .. Negative stress reactions – fear and worry – take over. Problems only ... suitable A closest meaning for the word "anxiety" in the third line is .5 ?Why do we need stress ... We need some stress in our lives.7 . so he experiences a positive stress reaction – active concentration – and this leads to success.

He is interested in drawing and playing tennis .2 . He is 1. His wife is a . then complete the table below . then complete the table below .…………… c. lively …………………. housewife .4 . b. then answer the questions *** Soha Message to Sara From Tuesday day Eight o'clock Time Recommended a five Star Hotel downtown Cairo Message Contact number 002255899685858 -: A) Answer the following questions ? Who sent the message and to whom -1 ? When was the message sent -2 ? What did Sara want -3 ? How could Soha contact her -4 ( 21 ) -: Read the following passage . Most dinosaurs are gigantic.. He has got Four sons and a daughter Name Nationality Height Age Job Hobbies .1 . They liked water and stayed in it as much as they could.why Dinosaurs existed Dinosaurs shape Place of their living Their food Reasons for their death . tall . We know that some dinosaurs ate grass while others ate animals.13 . attentiveness The opposite of: a. Some dinosaurs lived near the water..5 ( 20 ) -: Read the notes ... happiness .. Some lived on dry land. difficult ……………….2 Ali Kamal is a Palestinian .3 . We know about them because we have found their bones.. They found much of their food in the water. d.…….……………… . d. He works as an engineer in an oil company .2 Dinosaurs lived before man existed on earth. something happened to them. Suddenly they died out and no one knows . He is forty – five years old .91m. interesting ……………. death ( 19 ) -: Read the following passage . After millions of years. They had long necks and very long tails.…………… c.

………………………… The farmers are sometimes to blame for -2 .lighting the fire .……………………………………………… ? How do people in towns suffer during their daily life -2 . leaves at 14. b.being careless in using their ovens .the fire is strong .using their lamps ( 24 ) Read the following passage . then answer the questions *** -: below Dangerous fires take place in Egyptian villages .helping fires to spread .the wind carries sparks .25.the wind helps to do so b. c. thus causing the fire to spread rapidly . factories and traffic Life in a village on the other hand is easier . c. Ramy is going to France ..sparks c. His flight number is GY 200 . then answer the questions *** -: below Many people like to lead a quiet life in a small country cottage with a big garden where they can grow all they need to eat . They breathe air mixed with the smoke of .the houses are near one another . keep chickens to provide them with eggs and even a goat to . The villagers themselves are careless in lighting their ovens and in the use of . It .the villagers are careless c.………………………… The farmers should be trained in -5 a.. besides .supply them with fresh milk everyday -: A) Answer the following questions ? What kind of life do people in towns like to live -1 . Ashraf is going to England .. b. It . People who live there can walk to work . They grow their vegetables and fruits .……………………… Fire often take place in village because -1 . leaves at 13. People who live in tired of rushing to work with others in crowded buses or trains .burning .00 . so the wind carries the sparks from one burning into the roofs of the others .Number of family ( 22 ) -: Read the following . a.. He will go through gate No 5 Mr.. Most houses are constructed of wood and the roofs are made of straw which catches fire easily .fire fighting b. then complete the table *** Mr. His flight number is KJ 240 . they have little training in fire fighting -: Choose the correct answer *** . a. Moreover the houses are near one another .…………………………… The fire spread rapidly because -3 a.lighting their ovens c. He will go through gate No 6 Gate Departure time Destination Flight Name ( 23 ) Read the following passage ..fire b.most houses are built of wood and straw ..…………………………… The wind carries -4 a. lamps .

.the name of the country ( only when you are writing to ( someone who lives abroad -: The date in full comes under the address *** Examples : 14th Jan . 30 words ………………………………………… The parts of the letter *** > : A letter consists of the following parts *** Ending Body Beginning Heading How to write a letter : The Heading -1 the address and the date ) appears at the top right – hand ) .…………………………………………… Give the substance of the passage in two sentences in about -4 . Jan . a.the name of the quarter . ) after the date *** . 2007 OR Jan 17th . Feb. / . ) Each line of the address is followed by *** .……………………………………………… ? What two kinds of life are contrasted in this passage -3 . Sep. corner of the page -: The address consists of *** . c.Dec. b. 2007 *** -: The days of the month are written as follows 1st 2nd 3rd 21st 22nd 23rd 31st -: ( The remaining days of the month end with (.th *** 4th 5th 6th 12th 20th 24th 30th -: The following months of the year are written in full *** July June May April March -: The remaining months are written *** . ( . Nov. Aug. ) The last line of the address is followed by *** . We don't put ( .the number of the house and the name of the street .the name of the city d. Oct. ( ..

... / Dear mother ... ) always end with -: How to begin a letter *** -: Friends should be addressed by their first names -1 Examples :..………………………………………… It gives me much pleasure -7 ......... / Dear Miss Brown -: The Body -3 -: a) The Introduction ) It is the first paragraph of your letter . you may begin -2 .. It *** ( ... Dear Mr... beginning -: Some Opening Phrases *** . but -12 .………………………………………… It was very kind of you to -11 …………………………… Forgive me for not writing earlier .. I was glad to receive your kind letter -10 . Dear Father ...Dear Ali ...Dear Ramy / Dear Ali / Dear Huda / Dear John *** ( Don't begin a letter with the words ( Dear Friend *** -: When you are writing to our relatives ..... -: The Beginning -2 It is written below the date on the left – hand of the page ... Smith ... / Dear Uncle Ali . I have some wonderful news for you -1 ...…………………………………………… I beg to inform you that -13 It was grieved me very much to learn that -14 ………………………… -: Example *** ..... / Dear Aunt Rasha But never ( Dear Cousin ) OR ( Dear Cousin Ali ) BUT ( Dear Ali *** ( -: For a person you don't know very well *** .. I was very pleased to learn that you are well -3 ………………………………… I am very much obliged to you for -4 ... / Dear brother ...... / Dear Mrs.... Dear Sister .……………………………………… I was glad to hear from you -2 ... John ....……………………………… Thank you for letting me know that -5 …………………………………………… What a surprise it was to -6 . It comes after the ..... I was very pleased to learn that you are well .......……………………………… Forgive me for letting me know that -8 ……………………………………………… I was glad to learn that -9 ...

... writing .. ......…………………… / Your loving ( son / brother A letter . wish -: Some Phrases for Conclusion *** . My best regards to all at home -4 ...... Cairo _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ ____________________ . hobbies you practise in your spare time Your name is Ahmed and you live at 12 Ahmed Sabry Street ... Ali's address is 14 Al – Bahar Street ...………………………… I am anxious about your -7 . Yours sincerely . I am very sorry for all troubles has caused you -6 . Remember me to all -1 ..... ‫*** العنوان الذي يكتب هو عنوان المرسل‬ Model letters : Reply -: Read the following letter and write a suitable reply *** ..... With my best wishes -2 ... Gaza The Reply -: Exercise Write a letter to your friend Hany telling him a bout the -1 ...........-: b ) The Purpose ) It comes after the introduction ....... Write a letter to your pen friend Jack inviting him to visit -2 ..…………………………… Please give me love to -5 . OR Yours -: For Relatives -2 ( ... you must explain why you are ( ... Khanyounis .......... With my hearty good wishes -8 -: The Ending -4 -: For Friends -1 .. ( It is the most important part of the letter -: c ) The Conclusion ) The last paragraph of the letter should take the form of a polite .... I am looking forward to see / hear you soon -3 .. Garden City .

.... .. Write a letter to your uncle Ali thanking him for the present he -4 ........ ... Read the following letter from Ali ...... Write a letter to him -5 Your name is Ashraf and you live at 13 Naser Street ... Khanyounis ... sent to you on the occasion of your success Your name is Maher and you live at 15 Palestine Street ........ .................. Gaza Strip _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _________________________________ . . Your classmate Ali is ill at home .... Gaza Strip _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ __________________________________ ........ Gaza Next Friday will be your birthday ................. to a party you will make on the occasion of your birthday Your name is Tarek and you live at 12 Omar Al – Moukhtar .. Your name is Amjad and you live at 13 Al – Remal Street ..... Rafah ....... Gaza Strip _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________________________ Write a letter to your friend Jamal who lives in Aswan inviting -3 him ... Rafah ........... Gaza Strip _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _________________________________ ......... Street ....... then write a reply to it -6 .. and I wish to offer you a ......................... Palestine during the summer holiday Your name is Shady and you live at 11 Al – Bahar Street ...................

I am looking forward to see you .. Your friend Adel has passed the exam getting very high -8 . violence .. present I don't know which you would prefer ....... Gaza _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ ___________________ -: Translate into Arabic -1 Money is the source of every evil ........ marks ... Think it over and tell me ................ prison Vocabulary money ‫ المال‬commit ‫يرتكب‬ source ‫ مصدر‬evil ‫شر‬ violence ‫ العنف‬forgery ‫التزوير‬ murder ‫ القتل‬prison ‫السجن‬ encourages ‫ يشجع‬urges ‫ يدفع‬/ ‫يحث‬ ……………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -2 We must obey our parents . It encourages some young men to do bad habits .. forgery and murder ...... Write a letter to congratulate him on his success .... they do such things which may lead them to ......... For obtaining money . about your choice . Yours sincerely Samy _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ ____________________________________ Write a letter to your English friend John. Tell him about some of famous places and sights that you are going to show him in Gaza .. inviting him to visit -7 you in Palestine and spend two weeks with you in Gaza.......Your name is Ali and you live at 50 Al Nasser Street.... Moreover .... it urges some people to commit crimes such as theft ...... Gaza _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ ______________________________ . Your name is Majed and you live at 18 Sabra Street ...... our teachers and all those who are ........

It offers them fund for their small projects which . While some people like watching TV . different useful books vocabulary encourage ‫ يشجع‬library ‫مكتبة‬ ministry ‫ وزارة‬provide ‫يزود‬ ……………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -5 Time is the most important thing in our life . they can successfully carry out vocabulary government ‫ الحكومة‬depend ‫يعتمد‬ help ‫ تساعد‬project ‫مشروع‬ . magazines vocabulary spend ‫ يقضى‬different ‫مختلف‬ ways ‫ طرق‬magazines ‫مجلت‬ ………………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -4 Reading of all encourages students to read more and more so Ministry of Education has provided the school libraries with . others enjoy reading books and . have learnt by experience and can lead us in the right way Vocabulary obey ‫ يطيع‬lead ‫يقود‬ right ‫ صواب‬right way ‫الطريق الصحيح‬ experience ‫ خبرة‬lived ‫عاشوا‬ ………………… -: Translate into Arabic -3 People spend their spare time in different ways . They have lived longer in the world than we have and have learned the best and what is right . Therefore . we .old and wiser than we are . should spend our spare time in a useful way to succeed in life vocabulary time ‫ الوقت‬life ‫الحياة‬ succeed ‫ ينجح‬spare time ‫وقت الفراغ‬ ……………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -6 The government is trying to help the youth to depend on themselves . They .

have a house or flat of you own vocabulary education ‫ التعليم‬transport ‫المواصلت‬ housing ‫ السكان‬difficult ‫صعب‬ …………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -9 Youth are the real power of any country . They should serve their country in peace and war . He can take part in the industrial . In time of war . they take an active part in the battle . they fight bravely vocabulary youth ‫ شباب‬peace ‫سلم‬ serve ‫ يخدم‬war ‫حرب‬ ……………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic-10 The progress of any nation depends greatly on its youth and the services they do for the good of their country . transport and work have changed all over the world . we see . At school we learn geography and it tell us about other countries .……………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -7 We can learn a lot by traveling abroad . In peace . Folk stories often teach us something about life . projects of his country vocabulary progress ‫ تقدم‬industrial ‫صناعى‬ nation ‫ أمة‬project ‫مشروع‬ ……………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -11 You are wrong if you think money can buy ………………………………………friendship -: Translate into Arabic -12 . A youth can serve his country in various ways . of production . a different kind of life and listen to new ideas vocabulary learn ‫ يتعلم‬foreign ‫أجنبي‬ travel ‫ يسافر‬ideas ‫أفكار‬ ………………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -8 The conditions of education . Now it is very difficult to find a job . housing . When we visit a foreign country .

Although everyone agrees that there is never enough money . History is full of examples of man's struggle for liberty . even if you are unhappy .………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -13 It is good to have a goal in life . Then think about how you can achieve it …………………………………………… </ br -: Translate into Arabic -14 Money makes the world go round . First decide what your goal is . however . Nobody can live without it . we enjoy a happy life . This long and famous street in the centre of . . There are lovely things you can buy to take home . can't buy love or happiness but it make you comfortable . Everybody wants it and works for it . you must go sopping . liberty to govern his country in his own way . London <…………………………………………… . like English material and clothes . Others think it will solve all the world's problems . A good place to shop for clothes and souvenir is Oxford Street . Foolish people don't understand the importance of hard work and . Our simplest needs and our wildest dreams are often connected with money . some people think that it is the root of all evil . industry ……………………………………………… ……………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -16 When you are in England . liberty to live in his own way and liberty to express about his own . …………………………………………… -: Translate into Arabic -15 Man is free by nature and everything that threatens his freedom makes him angry . thoughts …………………………………………… </ br -: Translate into Arabic -16 Work hard is a protection against hunger idleness is a source misery . When we work hard . Money .

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