How HUF status can save you tax

n many financial transactions, people buying or selling immovable property-- residential, agricultural, commercial or industrial property, or any movable property -- declare their status as that of Hindu Undivided Family, or HUF. But a mere declaration by a Hindu buyer or seller of real estate, or any other asset, that his status is that of an HUF cannot be accepted in law because there are certain legal requirements of a valid HUF status. Let us consider the main aspects which need to be borne in mind in saving tax through HUF status. Two schools of Hindu law In India, Hindus are mainly governed by two schools of law, namely Mitakshara and Dayabhagh. In some parts of India, particularly in south India, certain other systems are also prevalent. The Dayabhagh system is especially prevalent in West Bengal and Assam, whereas for the rest of country for most of the Hindus the law relating to the ownership, devolution, etc. of properties is the Mitakshara School of Hindu Law. Generally speaking, under the Mitakshara School of Hindu Law the main principle is the survivorship principle in the matter of devolution of the ancestral or HUF property, in contrast to the principle of succession which applies to the individual property of a Hindu. Another principle is that no member of the HUF, so long as the Hindu family remains joint, can be said to have a specific share in the HUF property. It is only upon partition of an HUF that the share belonging to a particular member can be ascertained. Another way of attaining HUF status to a property is by way of partition and accretions to the partitioned property. Thus, if the property of an HUF is partitioned amongst its members as per the HUF law, then the member receiving the property will be said to hold it not in his individual capacity but as HUF, provided there is more than one member in the family. Further, if any addition is made to such partitioned HUF property, then the addition so made to such property also gets the status of HUF property. It may be mentioned here that if an individual property is inherited as per the Hindu Succession Law, then the property so inherited is not to be termed as partitioned property. Very often a mistake is committed by the Hindus in declaring the property received by them on inheritance under the Hindu Succession Act, as HUF property, whereas it is in truth only the individual property of the person inheriting it. Another mode of acquiring the status of HUF in respect of property both movable and immovabl is by a special gift e made by the father or mother of the male member of a family. In some cases, there may not be any ancestral property. There might not have been any cases of partition of the HUF property and thus the status of a Hindu regarding his property is that of individual only. If he is interested in owning property in the status of HUF, he may get the gift of the property of any amount from his father or mother, or any relative or friend, specifically for his own HUF consisting of himself, his wife and children. In that case the amount so gifted by the father, etc. will form part of the HUF property. If some loans are taken by that HUF and an immovable property or a movable property is purchased by the HUF, the property so purchased will be known as HUF property. In some cases, the father, etc. may also pass on his individual property to the children as HUF property through a specific declaration in a will. What is most relevant is the intention of the donor to treat the gift for the specific recipient namely, whether the individual or the HUF. Tax benefits of HUF The question of HUF status for a Hindu buyer or seller of any property assumes importance because of certain tax advantages attached with HUF under the income tax and wealth tax laws. Th if an individual has personal income us, and has also HUF income, he would be entitled to have an exemption of Rs 150,000 for his individual income and another Rs 150,000 for his HUF income. Besides, he would also be eligible to a further income tax deducton or exemption of Rs 100,000 under Section 80C in i respect of LIC [ Get Quote ] premia, PPF contribution, NSC, etc., both on individual and HUF income separately. Besides, under the Wealth Tax Act, 1957 too, separate exemptions are available for individual property and HUF property. Thus, where the taxable individual wealth is eligible to a general exemption of Rs 150.000, the HUF's taxable wealth is also eligible to a further general exemption of Rs 150,000. Hence, persons having immovable property and jewellery and motorcars under HUF status stand to gain from the extra exemption under Wealth Tax Act as well. Full partition of HUF One important aspect of Income Tax Act, 1961 to be borne in mind while effecting partition of an HUF is that only a complete partition of the HUF is permitted. This is because under Section 171 of the Income Tax Act partial partition of an HUF is not recognized in law. Listed below are certain other incidental matters connected with HUF transactions which should also be taken care of. Other points to keep in mind The bank account should be in the name of either the HUF or in the name of the Karta by specifically declaring that the account is that of the HUF only. Only the funds belonging to the HUF should be deposited in such an account. Normally, the Karta of the HUF is entitled to sign the bank transactions. He may, however, also permit the other adult members of the family to sign on behalf of the HUF. Another important thing that can be remembered in connection with HUF property is that where a person wants to transfer some property by Will to the members of his family, he can transfer the same for the specific purpose of the

I

HUF of his son or sons so as to constitute the amounts so transferred through will or so gifted by will as the HUF property of the son(s) concerned. This would result into a good deal of income tax and wealth tax saving for the persons inheriting such property by will as mentioned above.

HOW ONE CAN CREATE HUF(HINDU UNDIVIDED FAMILY) Though every body is interested in this question and this question has been asked by many and generallynot-have-any-answer-in-text-book-also,-why-it-so? The-answer-is-very-Interesting-that-the-above-question-is-wrong-the-correct-question-is"how-we_cancreate-capital-for-HUF-we-can-not-create-HUF-but-can-arrange-capital-for-it "Till the time the HUF has an empty kitty; it is like a balloon that no one has yet blown air into. A balloon can rightfully be called a "balloon only when it swells up with air inside it. Without the air the balloon is inert, dormant. An HUF too is inert and dormant without funds.".. CA Sanjeev Bedi (Ludhiana) "The million-dollar question indeed is: How to blow funds into the HUF and turn it into a balloon that floats? y A member of the HUF throwing his money into the common pool, or to use that overused cliché' the family hotchpotch, is out of the question, thanks to Section 64(2) which would tax the income earned by the HUF on that money in the individual member's hands only. y But the clubbing provisions can be bypassed if the HUF invests the money in instruments yielding tax-free income. The tax-free income can then be reinvested to earn even taxable income--income on income is out of the clubbing provisions. y Strangers can make gifts but only up to Rs 50000 (Section 56). y A way-out is to receive gifts from members of bigger HUFs, who though your relatives, aren't members of your smaller HUF. y A father may make a gift of money to his son's newly-created HUF, clearly specifying in the Gift Deed that the gift is to his son's smaller HUF and not to the son himself. This will keep both Section 64(2)and Section 56(2) at bay. y After the HUF has a nucleus of its own and gets going, care has to be taken to keep the HUF's affairs completely distinct from the individual members' affairs. Where the members of the HUF carry on their individual businesses, as they normally do, the distinction between what constitutes the individual's income and what is HUF'sincome may get blurred. y Some other people, who aren't members of the HUF but are relatives in terms of Section 56(2) can also be found out. Now everybody comfortable with the question because creating a capital by transfer ,gift and all like stuff as hinted by Sanjeev we all know to some extent . so to have capital in huf account we should take following steps we should have opened a bank account first (not must) but it is advisable so that we can have transaction by cheques . 1. Apply for permanent account number (pan) 2. Formation of capital of huf , Transfer money by gifts etc to HUF capital keeping in view the clubbing provisions and tax on gifts under Income tax act, Remember there is no Tax on gifts in kind though they may attract clubbing provisions in some cases. Regarding Huf an Interesting and detailed reply has been given by our group star contributor CA Sanjeev Bedi we are giving abstract of the answer. y The Hindu Undivided Family has its roots in the ancient Hindu law like the Manu Smriti, compiled by a male chauvinist Hindu "Scholar "called Manu, who lived around 200 BC; the Yajnavalikya Smriti compiled by Yajnavalikya and Narada in 100 and 200AD (it merely embellished what had already been laid down by Manu); and Mitakshara codified by a guy

"Creation of an HUF" is an oxymoron²-acontradiction in terms. They don't have to wait till they have a baby to constitute their HUF. y There have to be a minimum of two people to constitute a family. Mulla.if you mean an HUF of which he seeks to be the Karta himself.anachronistic laws has sought to bring them inline from time to time with the egalitarian values of 21st century. 1956 was amended to provide that y a daughter too could be a coparcener i. The husband and wife together make up a family. The HUF gets created as soon as you complete the seven (or four. y Not all members of the HUF are its coparceners. y She continues to be the coparcener in her father's HUF evenafter she gets married and forms another HUF with her husband.09.it is like a balloon that no one has yet blown air into. y 2nd degree : Sons and daughters(09. joint heir.its precepts and injunctions". The coparcenery extends to four degrees down the family hierarchy in the following manner: y 1st degree :Holder of ancestral property for the first time. there came along another variation of the Hindu law called the Dayabhaga written by one Jimutavahana. Only orphan-andunmarried Hindus don'tbelong to an HUF.e. o The Dayabhaga law is prevalent in West Bengal and Assam.called Vijneshwara somewhere around the year 1100AD. particularly in relation to succession and inheritance. the foremost authority on Hindu law.2005). No member can enforce the partition of the HUF so long as the father lives. the Hindu Succession Act.So gender bias has largely been taken outof the HUF laws. y Manusmriti completely forbade women to have a share in the family property. y Someone asked "Can an unmarried man create an HUF?" No. whatever) circles round the holy fire and become Man and Wife. he cannot. o Under the Dayabhaga system. A balloon can rightfully be called a "ball"oon only when it swells up with air inside it. o Hindus in the rest of the country are governed by the Mitakshara law. . y The Dayabhaga challenged and deviated from the Mitakshara law in some ways. y The most frequently asked question about HUF is: How does it come into being? To form an HUF. Every Hindu becomes a member of an HUF the moment she ejects out of her mother's womb. y 4th degree : Great grandsons. all you have to do is Get Married. y A coparcener is one who has a right to demand that the family property be divided and they be handed over their share in the property (or whatever assets the HUF has) in case he or she decides to part ways with the HUF.Come to think of it. An HUF too is inert and dormant without funds.On 9th September 2005. mode of delivery--C-section or Normal--notwithstanding.like her brother to the joint family's assets and y she too could enforce the partition of the family property to claim her individual share. y 3rd degree: Grandsons. o But the Mitakshara law stipulates that the property vests in the HUF itself and not in any individual member of the family and therefore can be partitioned within the lifetime of the father. but to create his own HUF he has to wait till he ties the nuptials.dormant. has described the Mitakshara as "the quintessence of the Smriti law. Without the air the balloon is inert. y Till the time the HUF has an empty kitty. He can very well be the member of the HUF of his father or grandfather. y Later in the 12th century. y The modern Indian government embarrassed by these antediluvian.the father is the sole owner and the exclusive possessor of the joint family property.

CIT 63 ITR 238 (SC). the Supreme Court said that "an HUF is undoubtedly a person within the meaning of the Indian Income Tax Act. y Can a female be the Karta? The answer can't be No in the light of the amendment in the HS Act in 2005. means the boundaries or limits of a tract of land. but the taxation authorities have invested themselves with powers u/s 171 of the I T Act to continue to treat the defunct HUF as an assessee liable to pay tax unless the partition is effected in strict keeping with the manner laid down in that section. Care must be taken that erstwhile coparceners don't simply end up becoming co-owners in the property. y In CIT v. interest on it will continue to be assessed in the HUF's hands. The law wants to dissuade assessees to smash up their bigger HUFs into smaller ones just to create more files to bring down their tax liabilities. since a divided y . in Jugal KishoreBaldev Sahai v. delineating the share of each member.The Karta.not a juristic person for all purposes and cannot enter into an agreement of partnership either with another undivided family or individual". y Can HUF pay remuneration to its Karta? Yes. So think twice before letting the HUF lend any money to its members and viceversa. an Anglo-French term. the pater familias of the family. in case you come across a loan filewhere the HUF is shown to be the partner. Total partition in the context of the IT Act means partition by metes and bounds. the Income Tax law frowns upon it. But the HUF itself. In Ram Laxman Sugar Mills v. the Supreme Court disallowed the interest paid to coparceners on the loan the HUF had taken from them as a business expenditure u/s 37(1). For example an FD held by the HUF being partitioned can't be converted into a joint FD of members after partition.the mother-daughter duo can continue the HUF (although a problem mayarise after she gets married and becomes a member of her husband'sHUF). for the purpose of the business and must be allowed as an expenditure under section 10(2)(xv)[corresponding to the present-day Section 37(1)] of the Act". Gopal Bansilal Inani (2000) 245 ITR 2 (SC). such a remuneration must be held to be an expenditure laid out wholly and exclusively. the Supreme Court held that "if a remuneration is paid to a Karta of the family under a valid agreement which is bona fide in the interest of and expedient for the business of the family and the payment is genuine and not excessive. Al though the Mitakshara and other Hindu laws do not forbid partial partition of the HUF. in the unfortunate event of her father passing away. being not a legal person. If the HUF property is physical. which in Hindi means the Doer. will become the Karta of the HUF if she has no brother. there can be. "Metes and Bounds". It is however. he can cough up some cash to the other members to compensate them for loss of FD. can never be a partner in a firm. raise an objection. CIT 66 ITR 613(SC). y Can there be an all-female HUF? Yes. is usually the Father. The fact that Income Tax law grants a PAN to itand treats it as an assessable entity does not bestow upon it the status of a person under the general laws. especially where the HUF is already engaged in the same business. The Income Tax law will recognize its demise (for want of a better word. it isn't difficult to divide it up. Sarwan Kumar 13 ITR 361 (All) that there can be an HUF consisting of female members only y The Karta can enter into partnership with a firm on behalf of the HUF. y So while conducting bank audit. This has been held to be so in numerous cases. He has immense powers over the affairs of the family. But a non-physical property will have to be divvied up amongst the members in such a manner as to comply with Explanation (b) below Section 171(9). Where a couple has only one issue²-a daughter²-and the husband passes away. you may have eliminated the HUF by portioning the property (or whatever assets) of the HUF.What ametes and bounds partition does is deflate the balloon of theHUF. y There is also the issue of Partition of the HUF. y There have been cases where the courts have held that businesses started by individual members after borrowing funds from the HUF were assessable in the HUF's hands. Under the Hindu law. The FD can continue only in one member's name. more than any other coparcener can wield. if itis.An unmarried daughter. It has been held by the Allahabad High Court in CIT v.

HUF? Ans:.HUF.293(SC). Q-8.What.smaller.undivided.Will.Who-is-a-coparcener? Ans: The persons who acquire by birth and interest in joint family property. Q-11What.be.83.members? Ans: There need not be necessarily more than one male member to form a HUF along with female members.does.Singhi(1972) .ancestral. Q-3.concept.Is. Ans: Daaya bhaga: It prevails only in west Bengal & Assam.only when the HUF is stripped naked of each and every layer of the clothing of property²-tangible or intangible.there. he is a karta.grand. which a man inherits from any of his three immediate male ancestors.Can-female-members-can-enforce-partition? Ans: Female members do not enjoy right to enforce partition.family.as.e.deal. while he continues to be a member of his father's HUF. In his father's HUF.Should.and. HUF HINDU UNDIVIDED FAMILY SHORT QUESTION ANSWER Q-1 .What-are-the-schools-of-law-under-HUF.be.two.great.with.Yes. Mitaaakshara: Under the school of law each son by birth acquires an equal interest with his father in the ancestral property. Q-6.male.joint. movable or immovable--it had.ITR. he is mere a member.is.Dose HUF include the wives and daughters of the above said persons? Ans: Yes.is.CIT.Smt.grand.. This law prevalent all over India..Hindu family can be reunited again).in. Q-2. A family consists of all persons lineally descended from a common ancestor and include their -wivesand-unmarried-daughters.assessed.father.HUF? Ans: A son can have smaller HUF with his wife and children. through they are entitled to maintenance out-of-the-family-property.Kumari.father. and his own.females? . y There is a book titled "Formation & Management of HUF along with Tax Planning" by authors S R Kharbanda and Prem Nath published by Commercial Law publishers. Here a son acquires right in the family property-not-on-his-birth-but-on-the-death-of-his-father.v.there. The test of Coparceneris-thatcoparcener-enjoys-right-to-enforce-partition. Q-9.father. It has to get back into its birthday suit again to be truly partitioned. Q-4. Q-5.Kerala?? Ans:No.a. Q-10. Q-12.property? Ans: It is the property.How.a.What-is-HUF? Ans: HUF includes those persons who acquired by birth an interest in joint family property.HUF. Q-7.Champa. i.Does-HUF-arise-from-a-contract? Ans:No-HUF-arises-only-from-status.

There should be a joint family property which consists of ancestral property. individual members can not be separately assessed in respect of HUF'S income. wife is not permitted to become-akarta. As so long as the property which was originally of the joint Hindu family remains in the hands of the windows of the member of the family and is not divided. Q-13. property acquired with the aid of ancestral property and property transferred by its members. If a Karta dies. if-there-isno-male-member. A-daughter-after-her-marriage-has-no-right-at-all-in-assets-of-HUF. Q-17.of-HUF.the-wife-of-karta-not-becomes-a-karta. Maharani Raj Laxmi Devi (1997)224 ITR 582/91 Taxman 20 (SC). Can Karta gift HUF property? Ans: Gift by katra of HUF. the joint family continues. HUF can continue with -femalemembers. Q-18.Ans:-Women. Can individual members be assessed in respect of HUF'S Income? Ans: So long as HUF exist. Q-15. Can oral partition among HUF permissible? Hans Raj Agarwal (2003) 259 ITR 265/126 Taxman 603 (SC).coparcener. Q-16. CIT (1959) 35 ITR 416 (SC).are. the ITO enquire about details of partition? Ans: Yes it is his duty to know the exact portions of the division among the members and to hold an inquiry into the claim. even then. Is Ans: Yes Q-19. What happens on the death of a sole male member? Ans: Even after death. Bachu Lal Kapoor (1966) 60 ITR 74 (SC).treatedas. unless the finding is recorded by the AO by an order under section 171 Addl CIT v.After the death of karta. Q-14. Q-20. leaving behind his window and minor son.not.When-will-HUF-status-be-recognize-under-Income-Tax-Act? Ans: There-should-be-a-coparcener. so long as the property which was originally of HUF remains in the hands of widows and is not divided among them. . a movable property or an immovable property within reasonable limits in favour of his daughter is permissible on the occasion of her marriage. ITO v. Should the partition be recorded by ITO? Ans: The partition is not valid and the HUF is assessable to the tax as such. Lakmichand Bajinath v.members.Can-there-be-HUF-with-only-female-members? Ans: Yes.

Q-22. Admiralty Flats Motel (1982) 133 ITR 895 (MAD) Q-23. Provided it is genuine and not excessive and under a valid bona fied agreement . but no child got certain property on partition of bigger HUF. Assessees go certain property from HUF but has no son. HUF pay salary to karta for looking after its interest in a firm? CIT v. Can a Ans: Yes. Unless it is the part of the return on investment of HUF. Prakash chand Agarwal (1982) 11 Taxman 55 (MP) can claim share in partition? in the womb of his mother at the time of coparceners. CIT (1982) 138 ITR 628/(1983) 12 Taxman 58 (all). CIT (1967) 63 ITR 238 (SC). it will be Treated as personal income of katra. What happens when karta is a partner in a partnership firm gets salary? Ans: Unless the remuneration has direct nexus with investment of funds of the family. Q-28. Q-24. What happens when assesse's father settled his self-acquired property in favour of assessee with some condition? Ans: The property is assessable as individual property of assessee even though is subsequent partition of HUF such property is treated as HUF property. Venkatasubben (1999) 150 Taxman 352 (Mad) Q-26.Q-21. Jugal Kishore Baleo v. it was held that assessee's claim for HUF status (smaller HUF) was valid. CIT v. Trilok Nath Mahrotra (1998) 98 Taxman 462 (SC). Wife. Q-27. What happens when a single coparcener with no male issue acquire HUF property?Can a HUF pay salary to karta for looking after his affairs? Ans: Yes. CIT Krishna kumar (1982) 10 Taxman 292 (MP). What happens when a single coparcener with no male issue acquire HUF property? Ans: The property will belong to him as his separate property and he could validly gift it to his wife and daughters. partition . Who Ans: All A son Mother. CG. What happens when a member who is a partner in a firm gets a salary? Ans: It is his individual income. Laxman Das v. CIT v. CIT v. Q-25. What is the status? Ans: Where the assessees having life.

Which may not be having any joint Family property Or fund. Hence In this case it is not possible as A is the only coparcener.Q-29. Can the property treated as HUF property? Ans: Yes. He does not have Right to . Can a widow be a katra of joint family? Ans: As the widow is not coparcener. Can Ans: Partial Q-31. Seth Govindram Sugar Mills (1965) 57 ITR 510 (SC) Q-33. CIT v. Pushpa Devi V. Can A&B assessed as a HUF respect of C's gift? Ans: The HUF should have two or more coparceners to treat Mr. CWT (1969) 74 ITR 190 (SC). C.V. There is no requirement like that. Can female member blend her property with that HUF? Ans: The right of blending is limited to coparcener. in HUF. Q-32. Mr. makes a gift to a HUF consisting of Mr. Q-35. N. Seth Govindram sugar Mills (1965) 57 ITR 510 (SC). Q-30. A and his wife B. It may only provide the nucleus of the Properties to an already existing HUF. there must be at least two male members. (Section 400 of Mulla's Hindu Law) Q-37. gift as HUF property. Can 171 have application on a Hindu family not assessed as HUF so far? CIT v. can he do partition among sons? Ans: The father can effect only a total partition in respect o all the properties. A is an assessee in the status of HUF. He has sons and daughters. With the gift received from the joint family property can a member from his own HUF? Ans: No a gift cannot help in forming or creating a HUF. He has daughter but no son. cit (1997) 109itr 730 (sc) Q-34. Kantilal Ambalal (1991) 59 Taxman 232 (Guj) partial partition take place in HUF? partition is not recognized under Income tax Act as per section 171(9) a HUF become a partner in a firm? Ans: No it can do so only through its katra. Will section Ans: No. Mr.Narendranath v. X has obtained property on partition of HUF. an outsider. she has no legal qualification to become a katra. Q-36. CIT v.

CIT [1963] 49 ITR 608 (Mad Q-46. Any other senior male member can also manage the affair But if s. HUF be created through will? Surjitlal chhabara v. ITO [1960] 38 ITR 316 (cal. How can properties not capable of physical division be partitioned? Ans: It can be done through Book intries K. Can a female along with her son represent HUF As karta when father is also alive? Ans: Only a coparcener can be a manager. What is the position of the daughter after her marriage? Ans: The daughter on her marriage cases to be a member of her father's HUF and becomes a Member of her Husband's HUF. Can Ans: allotment of share to a person not entitled invalidate partition? . Sandhya Rani Dutta [2001] 115 Taxman 369 (SC) Q-41. CIT v. Seth Gopaldas (HUF) [1979] 116 ITR 577 (MP) a father do total partition without resorting to suit? Ans: Yes whereas any other coprcener can achieve this res ult only by a suit CIT v. Act apply to both schools of law? Ans: Yes it is applicable to Dayabhaga and Mitakshara school of hindu law. Can partial partition.effect Q-38. the father is incapable and son is minor. CIT v. X along with two daughter after her husband's death.) Q-40. Q-42. Mother may represent the family for Income Tax Assessment Sushiladevi rampuriya v. The concept of female forming a joint hindu family agreement appears to be Contrary to hindu law. birth Q-43. Can Ans: No. Mrs. Joint family of Udayan Chinubhai v. What are the views? Ans: Not possible. wants to form a HUF. Does a adopter son become a coparcener of male only makes a coparcener.T. Ramakrishnirer v. Q-45. Smt.G. Adopter child can become member. Seth Gopaldas (HUF) [1979] 116 ITR 577 (MP) Q-39. CIT [1967] 63 ITR 416 (SC). CIT [1967] 63 ITR 416 (SC) section 171 of I. Can Ans: Yes Q-44.

His eldest son will take his place. This means your membership into a HUF does not come from a contract but from your status. The interest on this Deposit amount is not assessable in the hands of HUF but in the hands of sons. unlike other states. . including wives and unmarried daughters. if you are a Parsi. She felt it would help her save on taxes. A HUF cannot be formed by a group of people who do not constitute a family. In Maharashtra [ Images ]. we decided to come up with a primer on the HUF. What is your advice? Ans: Till Minority. Govind Narain. A minor receives share on partition of HUF.No. they can still be treated as a HUF. CIT [1950] 18 ITR 1 (Punj) Q-48. Q-47. Muslim or Christian. Can a stranger gift a property to HUF? Ans: Yes. his wife cannot become the karta. she mentioned she would like her family to get the status of a Hindu Undivided Family. what is a HUF? For starters. Provided there is clear declaration that the gift is for the Benefits of HUF. If he passes away. Panchal [2002] 257 ITR 96/[2003] 123 Taxman 563 (Guj. Lost your PAN or Form 16? y Interesting insights you must know It is rather obvious that a non-Hindu family cannot get this status. can a claim partition be made with ITO? made before the assessment. [1975] 101 ITR 602 (all). Rajmal Paharachand v. CIT v. Even though Jain and Sikh families are not governed by the Hindu law. did you know the term 'Hindu Undivided Family' has not been defined under the Income Tax Act? It is defined under the Hindu Law as a family that consists of all persons lineally descended from a common ancestor. CIT [1980] 123 ITR 58/4 Taxman 176 (Delhi) A friend of mine earns income from a number of sources: rent. the income will be clubbed eith his father's in Income is to be offered in his Individual assessment. A karta dies in Air crash & compensation is received by sons. Is it HUF income? Ans: Insurance compensation is an individual asset and not that of HUF. After marriage. If he chooses not to. When Ans: It can CIT v. tough luck. Mr. L Bansi Dhar & sons v. CIT v. Parshottamdas K. y Are your NSCs maturing Who are the players in a HUF? A HUF consists of: Karta The karta has to be the oldest male in the family. business and a salary. even married daughters are recognised as HUF members. In case this is on your mind as well. he can claim status of HUF with himself & wife. he can give up his right and the next son in line can take his place. He becomes karta. Satyendra kumar [1998] 232 ITR 360 (SC). Q-50. The other day. So. lineal descendents with a common ancestor is a must. So.) Q-49.

the HUF has a lot of profit. The karta must open a HUF bank account in any bank by giving an undertaking on a stamp paper of Rs 100. grandsons and great grandsons of the holder of the joint family property. All income that arises on the investment of the HUF's funds and utilisation of its assets is regarded as income and is separately assessed and taxed. This is actually a division of property where the share of each member is determined. a HUF can open a bank account in its name.a coparcener -. A Hindu coparcenary includes the sons. Let's say after paying the taxes. a HUF is treated as a separate entity for the purpose of assessment.Capital-gains 5. the HUF can be partitioned. Income from other sources Since the HUF is a separate entity. they acquire an interest in the property.000 deduction under Section 80C.Salary 2. Let's take the case of Anil Shah. However. This profit can be divided to all the members and it will be totally tax-free in their hands since the tax has already been paid by the HUF. .Coparceners This is what all the male members are referred to as. For instance. it can earn income from all the above except income from salary. Will your gift be taxed? y How is it taxed ? Though the HUF is taxed as separate entity. Hence. Only a male member -.Profits-from-business-or-profession 3. The shares are then divided between: ~ All-coparceners ~A son in the womb of his mother at the time of partition ~ Mother (gets an equal share if there is a partition between the sons and her husband has passed away) ~ Wife (gets a share equal to that of a son at the time of partition between father and sons) If the karta passes away. By virtue of their birth. From this stems its importance. Even post office deposits and a Public Provident Fund account can be opened in its name. A demat account to buy shares can also be opened. y There should be joint family ancestral property. Female members cannot enforce a partition but are entitled to a share of the division (as per the Hindu law). Members The female members are simply called members. Other investments too can take place under the broad head of HUF. the assessing income tax officer should be intimated of his death and the appointment of the new karta. The HUF earns money from the business as well as rent from renting out the properties. The format will be supplied by the bank. y Money resolutions for this financial year Why is it important? Under the Income Tax Act.00. Anil will be individually taxed on his salary and all the tax breaks and deductions and exemptions will be applicable to him. The HUF will be taxed according to the various tax slabs and all the exemptions and deductions will also be available to it. the tax slab which is applicable to an individual is applicable here too. y Tax benefits on education fees Which income is regarded as HUF income? There are five heads of income: 1. y 2 home? Check the tax impact Can it be partitioned? Yes. the income of a joint Hindu family can be assessed as the income of a HUF Hindu only if the following two conditions are satisfied: y There should be a coparcenary. It also enjoys the Rs 1.Income-from-house-property 4. All the income tax slabs and deductions and exemptions available to individuals are also available to the HUF. He is a salaried individual but his family runs a business and owns a lot of property.can enforce a partition. they formed a HUF.

grandson and great grandson of the holder of the joint property for the time being. consists of a common male ancestor and his lineal descendants in the male line within 4 degrees. running from and including such ancestor. it is not necessary for a HUF to be resident in India. in case of a HUF whose manager has not been resident in India in nine out of ten previous years preceding the previous year or has. including the basic exemption from income-tax. Moreover. all male members automatically become members of the HUF. They are the son. Section 6 of the Income-tax Act. but can claim only through the coparceners. In addition to that. As such. Q.3 What is the difference between a co-parcener and a member? Ans.6 Which are the states in which HUF is not recognized? Ans. to better know the taxation of HUF. such reunited members become members of the reunited HUF. been in India for a total 729 days or less. the income earned by such HUF will enjoy all exemptions and deductions. Q. Moreover. 1961 clearly contemplates a situation where a HUF can be non-resident also. it is a body of individuals who acquires interest by birth in the joint family property. This is done by specifically including ³Hindu Undivided Family´ in the definition of ³person´. after his death. It cannot be ³created´ by act of parties. it may consist of collaterals such as brothers. such HUF is to be regarded as Not Ordinarily Resident within the meaning of the Incometax Act. on her marriage. other than coparceners in a HUF. You should also see the taxation of HUF. upon marriage.12. The coparcenary.7 Is a HUF necessarily resident in India? Ans. estate and worship. the control and management of its affairs is situated wholly outside India. ceases to be a member of her father¶s HUF and becomes a member of her husband¶s HUF. Q. HUF can also be Not Ordinarily Resident. Q.4 What are the advantages of HUF under Tax Laws? Ans. therefore. 1961 as well as Wealth-tax Act. out of this. No coparcenary can commence without a common male ancestor though. Q. You can do better tax planning with HUF. in section 2(31) of the Income-tax Act. However. The Income-tax Act. The other male family members. Hindu Undivided Family (³HUF´) which is same as joint Hindu family is a body consisting of persons lineally descendant from a common ancestor. coparceners are only those males who are within 4 degrees in lineal descendent from the common male ancestor. can consist of a very large number of members including female members as well as distant blood relatives in the male line. Q. Birth of a son in a Hindu joint family automatically makes him a member of the HUF. except in rare cases of adoption and reunion. during the seven previous years preceding that year. . have no direct claim over HUF property. A HUF will be considered to be resident in India unless. during the previous year.5 How a HUF can be created ? Who can be members of a HUF? Ans. if a child is adopted. In view of this. No. As such. HUF is a creature of law.2 What is a Hindu Coparcenary? In what ways is it different from a HUF? Ans. i. as such. 1975 with effect from 01. The essence of coparcenary is community of interest and unity of possession. then he also becomes a member of the HUF. A HUF. 1957 recognise HUF as an independent assessable or taxable entity. joint in food. Similarly. who are staying together jointly. it will be treated as non-resident HUF. In fact. uncles. 1961. In such a case. Kerala is the State in which the HUF is not recognized. The relevance of concept of coparcenary is that only coparceners can ask for partition.What is HUF FAQ on HUF Q. nephews etc.e. A Hindu Coparcenary is a much narrower body within Hindu Undivided Family. The daughter. so far as applicable. wife becomes a member of her husband¶s joint family. This is done by Kerala Joint Family System (Abolition) Act.1976.1 What is the meaning of Hindu Undivided Family? Ans. including their wives and unmarried daughters. in case of reunion of erstwhile HUF family members. Generally speaking.

possession of joint property is only an adjunct of the Joint Family and is not necessary for its constitution. Do tax planning with HUF. a stranger may be affiliated as a member thereof. as it has a well defined connotation under Hindu Law. What would be the status of such HUF? Ans. an HUF comes into existence as he alongwith his wife constitutes a Joint Hindu Family . Champa Kumari Singh (1972) 83 ITR 720. it is not an absolute rule and. 1956. either fully or partially. it means that the same person can be assessed in two different capacities viz. Hindu : In this term are included all the persons who are Hindus by religion. the power of control and management may be delegated to other members of the family.) (ii) Joint Family continues even in the hands of females after the death of sole male member : Even after the death of the sole male member so long as the original property of the Joint Family remains in the hands of the widows of the members of the family and the same is not divided amongst them. including a Virashaiva. by consent. This is in addition to an individual as a separate taxable entity . generally. Smt. Veerapa Chettiar. However the property held by a single co-parcener does not lose its character of Joint Family property solely for the reason that there is no other male or female member at a particular point of time. the Joint Hindu Family continues to exist. Basic requirements for the existence of an HUF are as follows : (i) Only one co-parcener or member cannot form an HUF Family is a group of people related by blood or marriage. 121 ITR 347 (All. Jain or Sikh.Q. On the other hand at any given point of time a coparcenary is limited to only members in the four degrees of the common male ancestor.8 An HUF is having all the properties in India. A Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) is a separate entity for taxation under the provisions of sec. male or female. the Supreme Court held that the HUF includes Jain Undivided Family. Therefore a Hindu Undivided Family consists of males and females. Hindu Undivided Family is defined as consisting of a common ancestor and all his lineal male descendants together with their wives and unmarried daughters. As such. elaborately declares that it applies to any person. the test is where the control and management of the affairs of HUF is situated. Once the co-parcener marries. 2(31) of the Income Tax Act. An Undivided Family which is a normal condition of the Hindu society is ordinarily joint not only in estate but in food and worship. in this case. the test is not where the Karta resides. Though. The joint family being the result of birth. Prathana or Arya Samaj. a Buddist.evenone male member is enough : . Daughters born in the family are its members till their marriage and women married into the family are equally members of the undivided family. who is a Hindu by religion in any of its forms or developments. does not constitute a family. CIT . a Lingayat or a follower of Brahmo. Karta is supposed to manage the affairs of HUF. 76 ITR 467(SC) (iii) An HUF need not consist of two male members. Section 2 of the Hindu Succession Act. It has not been defined under the Income Tax Act. A single person. as an individual and as Karta of his HUF. As discussed in the earlier answer. It is the same thing as ³Joint Hindu Family´. Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) is a legal expression which has been employed in taxation laws as a separate taxable entity. How HUF comes into existence : A Hindu male with his wife and children automatically constitutes the HUF. such HUF will be treated as resident in India. The Karta of the HUF is residing outside India permanently and the female members are staying in India and are managing the affairs of the HUF. In CWT. as held in the case of Prem Kumar v. 1961. It cannot be created by acts of any party save in so far as by adoption or marriage. the status of HUF would be resident in India Taxation of HUF Introduction of HUF The Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) is a special feature of Hindu society. The HUF is a creature of Hindu Law. CIT v. Even if a part of control and management is situated in India.

CIT v. Modi v. Mukim.The plea that there must be at least two male members to form an HUF as a taxable entity. M. Harshavadan Mangladas. Seth Govindram Sugar Mills 57 ITR 510 (SC). each of the branch itself being an HUF and so also the sub-branches of more branches. (iii) Property acquired with the aid of joint family property. 101 ITR 776 (SC) A father and his unmarried daughters can also form an HUF. Where the property admits of a physical division. A female member can also bequeath her property to the HUF. after partition. G. Property can be acquired by any mode. if a person has his wife and sons. will be deemed to be a ³partition´. CIT 97 ITR 493 (SC) and Surjit Lal Chhabda v. The provisions of sec. Krishna Prasad v. in a case where a co-parcener impresses his property with the character of joint family property. where the property does not admit of a physical division then such division as the property admits of. A female member cannot blend her separate property with joint family property but she can make a gift of it to the HUF. 1961 have superseded the principles of Hindu Law. then a physical division of the property thereof. but. it can exist even without any nucleus or ancestral joint family property. Partition of HUF : Section 171 of the Income Tax Act. The individual and the HUF are two different units of taxation i. CIT v. CIT. It is immaterial whether these smaller HUFs possess any property or not. they also constitute smaller HUFs. the HUF is a creature of Hindu Law and these entities are HUFs alongwith the bigger HUF of the father or the grandfather. However a junior male member can also act as Karta with the consent of the other member. CIT v. Branches of HUF : An HUF can have several branches or sub-branches . (iv) Separate property of a co-parcener blended with or thrown into a common family hotchpot. Joint Family Property : The following types of properties are generally accepted as joint family property : (i) Ancestral property. For example. has no force.e. Nucleus of HUF : It is many times argued that existence of nucleus or joint family property is necessary to recognize the claim of HUF status in respect of any property or income of an HUF. 118 ITR 930 ( P & H ).Khanna 49 ITR 232 (Bom). 60 ITR 347 (SC). then even they will also constitute still smaller or sub-branch HUFs. CIT 109 ITR 730 (SC). they constitute an HUF.D. Clauses (a) of the explanation to sec. An HUF can be composed of a large number of branch families. C. Rameshwarlal Sanwarmal 82 ITR 628 (SC). CIT. (ii) Property allotted on partition. 1961 deals with assessment of an HUF. As stated above.) Further on partition of an HUF a family consisting of a co-parcener and female members is to be assessed in the status of an HUF.M. If the sons have wives and children. Manager of HUF or Karta : The person who manages the affairs of the family is known as Karta. 64 (2) of the Income Tax Act. . Normally the senior most male member of the family acts as Karta. Besides the same person can be taxed as both individual and Karta of an HUF .171 defines ³Partition´ of an HUF. If the grandsons also have wives and children. ± Gauli Buddanna v. Pushpadevi v. 194 ITR 136 (Guj. However in view of the present social mores and needs of the modern progressive society this decision of the Supreme Court needs to be revised / reviewed. two different assesses CIT v. Narendrakumar J. by partition of bigger HUF or by gifts from any member of the family or even by a stranger or by will with unequivocal intention of the donor or the testator that the said gift or bequest will form the joint family property of the donee or the testatee. It has been established now that since the HUF is a creature of Hindu Law.

171(9) of the Income Tax Act.) A finding of partition by the assessing officer u/s. rate of firm¶s tax and the rate of tax in case of a company. At present. However partial partition of an HUF has been de-recognised by the provisions of sec. as reported in 171 ITR (St. 171 of the Income Tax Act. 210 ITR 580 (Guj. 170 ITR 238. 1961 is necessary.78.V. G. can be partitioned into smaller HUFs and such smaller HUFs may further be partitioned partially before being . and stayed the operation of the above decision of Madras H.12. M. However the members of an HUF can live separately and such an act would not automatically amount to partition of the HUF. An HUF not hitherto assessed as undivided family can still be subjected to partial partition because it is recognized under the Hindu Law and such partial partition does not require recognition u/s. Partial partition of an HUF has been derecognised by the provisions of sec. ITO. (v) By use of loan from HUF to the members of the HUF. For the sake of partition the business may be converted into a partnership firm or a company. is not recognized. CIT. if separate enjoyment can. held the ITAT justified in following the aforesaid decision of Madras H.C. In such a case it is not advisable to break or partition the HUF. Partial partition is recognized under the Hindu Law. Panchal HUF. The HUF should be allowed to continue as a separate taxable unit. M. can still be used as a device for tax planning in certain cases. Following methods or devices may prove useful in reducing the tax incidence in the case of HUF : (i) By increasing the number of assessable units through the device of partition of the HUF. otherwise the secured and such division is effective so as to bind the members. is 30% flat.1961. can be better reduced by payment of remuneration to the members of the HUF. therefore conversion of HUF business into a partnership or a company is not advantageous. Then there may be a case where the HUF has got only one business establishment which does not admit of a physical division. The provisions of sec. according to sec. The incidence of .78. T. 171(9). (vii) Through other methods / devices. The Gujrat H. 1961 according to which any partial partition effected after 31. house property to the father and dividing the other sources in such a manner so as to make the partition equitable.C. 171(9) have been declared ultra-vires by the Madras H. Suppose an HUF consists of father and two sons and there are two business establishments. in such a case.C. (vi) Through gift by HUF to its members specially to the female members. 171 of the Income Tax Act. be different in a case where the members of the HUF have got high individual incomes. a house property and other sources of income with the HUF. Motive or need for partition cannot be questioned by the Income Tax Department. Sulakhe v..L. CIT v. 39 ITR 394 (AP). If the members of the HUF have no other sources of income then partition of the HUF can be done by giving one business establishment to each of the sons.Valliappan v. however. 171(9) & moreover. however. The position may.`Partition need not be by Metes & bountes. Partial partition of HUF is also a very effective device for reducing its tax liability.) Notwithstanding the provisions of sec. (iv) By payment of remuneration to the Karta and other members of the HUF. will not be recognized. The aforesaid methods / devices are discussed in detail below as follows : Partition of HUF In the case of certain HUFs. Thus a bigger HUF already assessed as such. in the case of M.) 52. (ii) By creation of separate taxable units of HUF through will in favour of HUF or gift to HUF. 171(9) partial partition. This can be easily done in a case where the partition results in separate independent taxable units. the tax liability can be reduced by partition of the HUF. Such a partition of HUF will reduce the tax liability considerably.12. Shiv Narain Choudhary v. The Supreme Court has granted S.C. Cherandas Waridas. (iii) Through family settlement / arrangement. 39 ITR 202 (SC). CWT 108 ITR 104 (All. I. any partial partition effected after 31.P. has.

Mukand Ram. Similar result can be obtained by means of a gift for the benefit of a joint family. What matters is the intention of the donor or testator that the property given is for the benefit of the family as a whole. his wife.assessed as HUFs. It is immaterial whether the giver is male or female. his wife. (ii) On the basis of the same reasoning distribution of assets in the course of partition would not attract any gift tax liability. The consideration for a family settlement is the expectation that such settlement will result in establishing or ensuring amity and goodwill amongst the members of the family. 64 as it would not involve any direct or indirect transfer. The tax burden on the family will be quite heavy. provided the remuneration is reasonable and its payment is bonafide. will also suffice to effect a family arrangement.000/. his wife. then the tax liability would be reduced form Rs. AIR 197 SC 1041. Then. Briefly stated though conflict of legal claims. The remuneration so paid would be allowed as a deduction from the income of the HUF and thereby tax liability of the HUF would be reduced. Besides any HUF not yet assessed to tax can be partitioned partially and thereafter assessed to tax. AIR 1955 SC 481. daughter-in-law and grand children. present or future is generally a condition for the validity of family arrangement. AIR 1966 SC 323 and Krishna Beharilal v. (II) Creation of HUFs as separate taxable units by will in favour of or gift to HUF : It is now well settled law that there can be a gift or will for the benefit of a Joint Hindu Family . there would be no gift and capital gains tax liability or clubbing u/s. Sahu Madho Das v. and (iii) There would be no clubbing of incomes u/s. If by family arrangement. They have a son and his family but there is no ancestral property as a corpus of their family. his two sons. should also be kept in mind while the partition of HUF which are as under :(i) Distribution of the assets of an HUF in the course of partition.100. amongst the members of the family. which may not involve legal claims. 6. As family arrangement does not involve a transfer.to nil. Ram Charan Das v. (III) Through Family Settlement / Arrangement : Family settlements / arrangements are also effective devices for the distribution of ancestral property. Even bonafide disputes.000/-. present or possible in future. two sons and their wives and children and its income is Rs. through their will (s). father & mother or both can leave their property for the benefit of their son¶s family. then the income of each one of them would be Rs. Such an agreement is intended to avoid future disputes and to bring about harmony amongst the members of the family . Gulabchand.000/. (IV) By payment of remuneration to the Karta and / or other members of the family : The other important measure of tax planning for an HUF is to pay remuneration to the Karta and / or other members of the HUF for services rendered by them to the family business. income yielding property is settled on the Karta. 100. his two sons and two daughter-in-law. There is no legal bar against payment of remuneration to the Karta or other members of HUF for services rendered to the family in carrying on the business of the family or looking after the interests of the family in a . The object of the family settlement should be broadly to settle existing or future disputes regarding property. The following legal aspects in respect of partition of HUF.Devi. A gift or will can be made for the benefit of the two smaller HUFs of the sons. Suppose a family consists of Karta. There may also be a case where the father or mother has got self acquired properties. G. It may be pointed out here that an HUF cannot be created by act of parties but a corpus can be created for an already existing HUF through the medium of a gift or will etc. whether he or she is a member of the family or an outsider. Suppose there is an HUF consisting of Karta.N. By a family arrangement tax incidence is considerably reduced or it may even be nil. it is not necessarily so. would not attract any capital gains tax liability as it does not involve a transfer. The bigger HUF will continue as a separate taxable unit evenafter the death of the Karta.which would attract no tax & if the assessment year is 2007-08.00. 64.

daughter or daughter-in-law at one go or over a period of time.000/. daughter. The agreement must be valid.e. the applicability of Gift Tax is no more in force.2004 Gift received from other than relatives exceeds Rs. 63 ITR 238 (SC). The payment must be for service to the family for commercial or business expediency. 57 of Income Tax Act. Therefore.000 . (VI) By gift of movable assets of the HUF to its female members: The Karta of an HUF cannot gift or alienate HUF property but for legal necessity. tax on it would be Rs. Besides.f. Jitmal Bhuramal v. 1.1. A.10. Sahai v.4. For A. 5. 81 ITR 293 (Bom.1997 i.then income tax on HUF would be Rs. it may be noted that with effect from 1. It may be remembered that gift for marriage or maintenance of daughter(s) is not liable to Gift Tax. CIT 63 ITR 238 (SC).00.000/. Further the payment must be genuine and not excessive. Raghunandan Saran.00.Y. The HUF may or may not charge interest on the loans given. no Gift Tax will be payable by a person making the gift from on or after 1. A. K. CIT 44 ITR 887(SC). The agreement need not always be in writing . 108 ITR 818 (All.00. However. After the aforesaid amendment whereby the concept of specified HUF¶s has been done away with. can be made by a Karta to his wife.).4. (V) By loan to the members from the HUF : If the business. the HUF¶s with one or more members having taxable income. For Assessment Year 2007-08 the rate of tax on all HUF¶s would be the same as in the case of an individual.00.00.00. 1961.1. The income of each member would be Rs. the funds were obtained by means of loans from other three firms.1.Y. Therefore.then that amount is liable to Income Tax u/s. Champaklal Dalsukhbhai. Further clubbing provisions of sec.). daughter-in-law or even to a son out of natural love and affection. CIT v.e. However.000/-.000/-. 1997-98 this method of tax planning will be much easier and it will bring more tax relief to the HUF¶s. If salary is paid to four members @ Rs. the Karta can make gift of movable assets to his wife. for pious purposes or in favour of female members of the family. 64 would not be applicable if the gift in validly made in accordance with the rules of Hindu Law. CIT 123 ITR 58 (Delhi ).1.000/-. if the total income of an HUF is Rs. Remuneration paid to the Karta or other members of the HUF should be under a valid agreement. Therefore tax on members would be NIL.98. 2007-08.f. w.000 ( 4 x 1. Gift of immovable property within reasonable limits can be made only for pious purpose e. Jugal Kishore Baldeo Sahai v. B. bonafide. Thus the tax saving would be of Rs.partnership business.00. w. it would be better if the agreement to pay remuneration is reduced in writing.e. However.Rs.e.Y.g.000 ) = Rs.net income of HUF would be Rs.25.e. then. 5. marriage of a daughter. on behalf of all the members of the HUF and in the interest of and expedient for the family business. CIT. Gift of immovable property within reasonable limits. J.f. An agreement to pay salary / remuneration can also be inferred from the conduct of the parties. NIL. This change in the rates of tax has brought a lot of relief to specified HUF¶s i. 1. CIT v. if the HUF has excess funds or property.1. two members became partners in three firms on behalf of their respective HUFs and they also became partners in a fourth firm. capital or investment of the HUF is expanding then such expansion can be done in the individual names of the members of HUF by giving loans to the members from the HUF. Agreement with whom to be entered : The agreement should be between the Karta and other members of the family.10. 1997-98. Where after partition of an HUF. which was later on repaid the income from such property would be assessable as individual income of the members L. the share incomes of the members from the fourth firm was assessable as their individual income only. The distinction between ordinary and specified HUF¶s has been done away w.00. Bansidhar and Sons v. if a gift made to the minor daughter of the Karta is valid then the .00.10.000/.98. Where property was purchased by members of HUF with loan from the HUF.000/-.

in the joint family properties which was the subject matter of partition among them. P. N. CIT v. Representative of HUF in a Partnership Firm : An HUF cannot become a partner in a firm. reunion creates a right in all the reuniting coparcener. 82 ITR 599 held that there is no liability to Gift Tax if there is an unequal distribution of assets amongst members of the family on partition. Krishna v. However. can also be utilized for tax-planning. CIT 78 ITR 319 (SC). (ii) Family reunion after partition. A female member can also represent HUF in a partnership firm. section 60 relates to transfer of income where there is no transfer of assets. CIT v. Properties inherited from an ancestor on the ancestor dying intestate : As held by the Supreme Court in the case of CWT v. . (3) The Reunion must be effected by the parties or some of them who had made the partition. Getti Chettiar. Unequal Distribution on partition : The Supreme Court in the case of Commissioner of Gift-Tax v. A. income received by a member of HUF from a firm or company is taxable as the income of the HUF. 1.provisions of sec. that the properties will be regarded as the properties of the Hindu Undivided Family only. CIT v. to the extent they were not dissipated before the reunion. even if he has a wife and son would receive the property absolutely in his own right and his son would not have any interest in that property. : (i) Vesting of individual or self-acquired property in a family hotchpots. if it is earned detriment to or with the aid of family funds. 60 of the Income Tax Act would not be attracted. (VII) Through other Methods / Devices : There are other methods / devices which may be used to reduce the incidence of taxation in the case of an HUF. CIT 73 ITR 539 (SC). Reunion is possible only among the persons who were on an earlier date members of a Hindu Undivided family . and (4) There must be a junction of estate and reunion of property because. Hindu Undivided Family. The entire properties of the erstwhile joint family prior to the partition would be the properties of the reunited joint family. Chander Sen (161 ITR 370 ) the person inheriting the property from his ancestor. Premnath v. e. Dhakappa 72 ITR 192 (SC). G. J. S. The Karta or a member of the HUF can represent the HUF in a firm. if the recipient has a son.g. (2) There must have been a partition in fact . L. The Income Tax Officer might have the option to assess the income arising from the entire properties belonging to the erstwhile joint family prior to the partition in the hands of the reunited. V. (iii) Through inheritance by succession ± Bequests by Will. where he was partner on behalf of HUF for managing firms business such remuneration was his individual income. Banaik Industries 119 ITR 282 (Pat. otherwise it is taxable as the separate income of the member. K. Reunion : The conditions for a valid reunion are brought out in the case of CIT v. so as to restore to them the status of an HUF once again and therefore. Reunion is intended to bring about a fusion in the interest and in the estate among the divided member of an erstwhile Hindu Undivided Family. M. reunion is not merely an agreement to live together as tenants in common. Whereby. M. 30 of Hindu Succession Act. Vaiyapuri Chettiar and another 215 ITR 836 The condition precedent for a valid reunion under the Hindu Law are : (1) There must have been a previous state of union.N. 1. 173 ITR 593 (AP). G. The reunion effected by the assessee under the deed of reunion was valid. N. that is to say. Rao. Properties received under a Will : The status of the property would be the same as is analysed in the case of properties received by way of gifts as discussed above. 1. now recognized by sec.) Remuneration to Karta or Member from Firm : Where remuneration was received by a member of HUF from a firm.

e. (ix) Surjit Lal Chhabda v. (v) L. etc. 101 ITR 776 (SC) The property which was thrown into the common hotchpot was not an asset of a pre-existing joint family of which the assessee was a member. CWT. ITO. then it is better to transfer this asset to HUF and save tax up to exemption limit applicable to individual. It became an item of joint family property for the first time when the assessee threw what was his separate property into the common family hotchpots. is really the property of the assessee Got Married. 78 ITR 26 (SC) After the partition between the father and his sons. 60 ITR 293 (SC) A Joint family may consist of a single male member with his wife and daughter/ s and it is not necessary that there should be two male members to constitute a joint family. 109 ITR 730 (SC) The right to blend the self-acquired property with HUF property is restricted to a coparcener ( male member of HUF ) and not available to a female member. but until that event happens. (iii) Gowli Buddanna v. however income therefrom will be taxed as the HUF income from the date of his marriage. and will be assessed under HUF.V. As regards his male issues who take interest in the said property on birth. Veerappa Chettiar. with his wife and a daughter. Ratanchand Darbarilal v. v. the property may change its legal incidence on the birth of the son. (vii) CIT v. On death of a son the father and the widow of the son constitute the HUF. . Sandhya Rani Dutta. CIT. You can not transfer your own assets/money into HUF. 2009 in Income Tax by admin y y y y KEY POINTS IN CREATION OF HUF AND FORMAT OF DEED FOR CREATION OF HUF Under the Income Tax Act. Therefore. (iv) N. 34 ITR 421 (PC) A Mitakshara joint family consisted of father and son.R. 74 ITR 190 (SC) The property received by a coparcener on partition of the HUF is the HUF property in his hands vis-àvis the members of his branch i. conversion of HUF business into partnership is not advantageous. in the eye of Hindu Law. CIT. on viewing at the present rate of firms tax. (ii) A. The Landmark decisions on the subject of HUF are as follows: (i) Krishna Prasad v. CIT. If you have ancestral property and earning some income from this property. (viii) Pushpa Devi v. Narendranath v. the property. Hirday Narain v. Arunachalam Chettiar. 248 ITR 201 (SC) Female members cannot create or form an HUF by their acts even under the Dayabhaga School of Hindu Law. the shares which sons obtained on partition of the HUF with their father. CIT 15 ITR 720 (SC). CIT.G. there is no restriction on a female member gifting her property to the HUF of her son. The same tax slabs are applicable to HUF as to individual assessee. is the ancestral property.HUF and Firm : Members of HUF can constitute Partnership without effecting a partition or without disturbing the status of joint family. However . However. 76 ITR 467 (SC) Even when a joint family is reduced to female members only it continues to be a HUF. Therefore one of the sons who was not married at the time of partition will receive the property as his HUF property. mutual funds. create HUF to save tax & format of deed for creation of HUF May 5. an HUF is a separate entity for the purpose of income tax return. A. 97 ITR 493 (SC) On partition between father and sons. y The income from property of HUF can be further invested in instruments such as shares. y You can transfer the money received on sale of ancestral property /assets into your HUF. (vi) CIT v. the father and his wife constitute a Hindu Undivided Family which gets enlarged on the birth of a son.

000. 1. ___________ by way of CASH/CHEAUE from my FATHER ________________________________( ame of relative of karta of HUF) on dt. y For example. Residing at _________________ Kumari _________________-Minor. 15.00. ____________________________ son Of ___________________________________ Residing at ____________________________________________ aged ___Adult do heeby declarer That I am Karta of ____________________________________________ 1. you can save a total of Rs.000 o 80C deductions Rs. 5. 1. HUF will also gain from the tax slab structure of computing income tax. y The HUF is taxable as separate person under income tax hence one can save tax from basic exemption of Rs.5 lakh.000 @20% = Rs. 35. Adult.) can be treated as assets of HUF.1 lakh is also available. Residing at ___________________ 1. 1. then approx tax saving by creating an HUF will be as follows: o Basic exemption up to Rs.000 is taxed in individual hand @ 30% tax due is Rs. DECLARATION I. I) II) III) That the HUF at present is consisting of the followings membersShri _____________________.00. A family which does not own any property may still have the character of Hindu joint family.000-3. This is because as a Hindu is born as a member of the joint family. 3.50. y Any gifts received by the members of HUF (birthday.50. FORMAT OF HUF CREATION DEEDS FORMAT-I 1. Adult. _____________________. 1. 1. if you are in 30% tax bracket. Signature (_____________________) - .00. o Hence.15. o If this income of Rs.y Existence of property or multiple members is not a pre-requisite to create HUF. _______________ n this formed the corpus of the HUF. 5. 1. etc.5 lakh. That I received on behalf of the H U F gift of Rs.000 o Rs.00.000 by creating an HUF and transferring ancestral property income and other income under HUF. section 80C deduction up to Rs. That the above statements are true to the best of my knowledge & belief.000 @10% = Rs. y Apart from basic exemption of Rs.000. 1. This jointness is understood in terms of faith and food. 2.50.00. 20.000-5.000 is only Rs. 1.00.000 = nil o Rs.000 o Therefore total tax payable for HUF on income of Rs. Residing at _________________ Smt. marriage. Declare this on _________________ WITNESS: 1.

100 Stamp Paper in Maharashtra] DECLARATION OF GIFT MADE BY ________________________ TO THE HINDU UNDIVIDED FAMILY OF ___________________ I. do hereby declare and affirm as under: 1. ________________ Branch. dated __________.II [To be executed on Rs. ________________________.________. residing at _______________________ ____________________________________________________________. 2. drawn on Bank ____________________. This Declaration of Gift is made to record the fact that I have made this Gift in favour of the Donee as above. who now has the absolute right. Date: ___________. title and interest in the gifted amount. as Karta of his Hindu Undivided Family and has been duly acknowledged hereunder. 200__ ___________________ (Signature as Karta of his HUF) of the Donee y .______ (Rupees _________________ only) as per the following details: By Cheque No. Date: ___________. 200__ ___________________ (Signature of the Donor) ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF GIFT I. The above Gift has been duly accepted by ________________________. 3. That out of natural love and affection borne by me towards the Hindu Undivided Family of ______________________________. _____________________________. in favour of ________________________ HUF.FORMAT. I have made a gift of Rs. hereby acknowledge having received the above gift made to my Hindu Undivided Family by _________________________.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful