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CALCULATION OF WIND LOAD


As per "Design of Buildings for Higher Wind- Sri Lanka, 1980" Silawathura is located in Zone 2.
The Building is to be designed as a Post Disaster Structure as this facility will act as a Community Refuge
Shelter in a dissaster situation.

Basic Wind Speed, V;

Design of Buildings for High Winds:Table 3.1

V = 47 m/s

Design Wind Speed, Vs;

With in a 1Km radious from the site, topography is almost leveled. Hence,

CP3:Chapter V-2:Cl5.4

S1 = 1.0

The Building is located in a fully open land without any obstructions.

Length of the Building is almost 50m

CP3:Chapter V-2:Cl5.5\T3

S2 = 0.9

As this building is located near to the sea, will consider a 100yr return

CP3:Chapter V-2:Cl5.6\Annexure C

S3 = 1.1

CP3:Chapter V-2:Cl5

Vs = S1. S2. S3. V


= 1.0000 ×0.9000 ×1.100 ×47.000
= 46.530
Hence, Design wind Speed will be taken as 47ms-1.

For SI unites, factor "k" is given in the code.

k = 0.613

CP3:Chapter V-2:Cl6

q = k . Vs 2
= 0.6130 ×47 2
= 1 354.117

Hence, Dynamic Pressure will be considered as 1.360KNm-2.


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Consider wind applied on Roof;


CP3:Chapter V-2:Cl7.2\T8

Roof Angle,  '

 = 30

Height/Width, ,

h
=
w
6.5
=
26
= 0.2500

 from table 8.

Cpe = - 0.7

With the arrangement of the Building,

It can be considered with two oppasit equally permiable faces & other faces impermiable

CP3:Chapter V-2:Appendix E

Cpi1 = 0.2

Cpi2 = - 0.3

F1 = (Cpe - Cpi1). q
= (-0.7000 - 0.2000 )×1.36
= -1.2240

F2 = (Cpe - Cpi2). q
= (-0.7000 - -0.3000 )×1.36
= -0.5440

Hence, there is a Maximum upword wind force of 1.25KN/m2 & Minimum of 0.55N/m2.

LIVE LOADS
As per BS6399:Part 01:Table 1,
Consider Load catagory C5 for Hall areas.

Upper floor Hall Area : 5KN/m2


Staircases : 4KN/m2
Lobby & Balcony : 4KN/m2
Roof : 0.3KN/m2
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DEAD LOADS

3.3m heigh brick walls => 19KN/m3 x 0.25m x 3.3m => 15.675KN/m
0.125m thick Slabs => 25KN/m3 x 0.125m => 3.125KN/m2
Structural Steel => 78.5KN/m3
Zn/Al Roof Covering => 0.05KN/m2
Ceiling Material => 0.05KN/m2
Roof Purlins => 0.06KN/m

LOAD COMBINATIONS

Following load combinations considered for the analysis of the structure.

Combination 01 => All spans fully loaded.


1.4Gk + 1.6Qk

Combination 02 => Alternative Spans loaded with Maxm & Minm loading.
1.4Gk + 1.6Qk & 1.0Gk

Combination 03 => Rival of Combination 02

Combination 04 => Possitive Wind Load


1.2Gk + 1.2Qk + 1.2Wk

Combination 05 => Negative Wind Load


0.9Gk + 1.4Wk