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SIMPLE

PROGRESSIVE

PRESENT PAST PRESENT PERFECT PAST PERFECT FUTURE FUTURE PERFECT CONDITIONAL CONDITIONAL PERFECT MODALS

PRESENT PAST PRESENT PERFECT PAST PERFECT FUTURE FUTURE PERFECT CONDITIONAL CONDITIONAL PERFECT MODALS

Simple Present
What do you do? ¿Qué haces? - What does he do? ¿Qué hace?

I, we, you, they he, she, it

subject + 1 subject + 1 > s
Negative I don't go You don't go He doesn't go She doesn't go It doesn't go We don't go You don't go They don't go

1 go

2 went

3 gone

Affirmative I go You go He goes She goes It goes We go You go They go Affirmative

Interrogative Do I go ? Do you go ? Does he go ? Does she go ? Does it go ? Do we go ? Do you go ? Do they go ?

subject + 1 > "s" (he, she, it)

I go to New York - Voy a New York He goes to New York - El va a New York Negative

subject + don't / doesn't + 1

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I don't go to New York - No voy a New York He doesn't go to New York - El no va a New York Interrogative

Do / Does + subject + 1 ?

Do I go to New York ? - ¿Voy a New York ? Does he go to New York ? - ¿Va él a New York ?

usos del presente simple
Acciones habituales (estilos de vida, hábitos, rutina diaria).
Lucas gets up at 9:00 am. Lucas se levanta a las nueve. Paul and I do a lot of things every day. Paul y yo hacemos muchas cosas a diario.

Hechos o verdades generales.
The sun sets in the west. El sol se pone por el oeste. The Earth goes around the sun. La Tierra gira alrededor del sol.

Situaciones permanentes.
Maria lives in Buenos Aires. María vive en Buenos Aires. It costs a lot of money to stay at the Hilton. Cuesta mucho dinero alojarse en el Hilton.

Primer Condicional.
If you heat butter, it melts. Si calientas manteca, ésta se derrite. Contact me if you need any help. Ponte en contacto conmigo si necesitas ayuda.

expresiones usuales del presente simple
often - generally - usually - always - never every day - every week - every month - every year - sometimes

Simple Past
What did you do? ¿Qué hiciste?

subject + 2
Affirmative I went You went He went

1 go Negative I didn't go You didn't go He didn't go

2 went

3 gone

Interrogative Did I go ? Did you go ? Did he go ?

last month .last night . Hechos pasados expresados en secuencia.El fue a New York subject + didn't + 1 Negative I didn't go to New York . took a shower and went to work at 9 am.¿Fue él a New York? usos del pasado simple Acciones pasadas que tuvieron lugar en determinado momento y que ya han finalizado. Lina worked in a bank from 1995 to 2002. desayunó. had breakfast. Mis padres no trabajaron la semana pasada. My parents didn't work last week.No fui a New York He didn't go to New York .Página 3 de 25 She went It went We went You went They went She didn't go It didn't go We didn't go You didn't go They didn't go Did she go ? Did it go ? Did we go ? Did you go ? Did they go ? subject + 2 Affirmative I went to New York . expresiones usuales del pasado simple yesterday .El no fue a New York Did + subject + 1 ? Interrogative Did I go to New York? .last weekend .ago .in 2002 on their vacation .Fui a New York He went to New York .¿Fui a New York ? Did he go to New York? . Sheila se levantó a las 7. Lina trabajó en un banco desde 1995 a 2002.last year Simple Present Perfect What have you done? ¿Qué has hecho? subject + have / has + 3 1 go 2 went 3 gone .before . se duchó y fue a trabajar a las 9. Sheila got up at 7 am.

Página 4 de 25 Affirmative I have gone You have gone He has gone She has gone It has gone We have gone You have gone They have gone Affirmative Negative I haven't gone You haven't gone He hasn't gone She hasn't gone It hasn't gone We haven't gone You haven't gone They haven't gone Interrogative Have I gone ? Have you gone ? Has he gone ? Has she gone ? Has it gone ? Have we gone ? Have you gone ? Have they gone ? subject + have / has + 3 I have gone to New York .No he ido a New York He hasn't gone to New York .¿He ido a New York ? Has he gone to New York? .He ido a New York He has gone to New York .El ha ido a New York Negative subject + haven't / hasn't + 3 I haven't gone to New York .¿Ha ido él a New York? Simple Past Perfect What had you done? ¿Qué habías hecho? 1 go 2 went 3 gone subject + had + 3 Affirmative I had gone You had gone He had gone She had gone It had gone We had gone You had gone They had gone Affirmative Negative I hadn't gone You hadn't gone He hadn't gone She hadn't gone It hadn't gone We hadn't gone You hadn't gone They hadn't gone Interrogative Had I gone ? Had you gone ? Had he gone ? Had she gone ? Had it gone ? Had we gone ? Had you gone ? Had they gone ? subject + had + 3 .El no ha ido a New York Interrogative Have / Has + subject + 3 ? Have I gone to New York? .

El había a New York Negative subject + hadn't + 3 I hadn't gone to New York .Yo no había ido a New York He hadn't gone to New York . If I had known that you were sick.¿Había ido yo a New York ? Had he gone to New York? .El no había ido a New York Interrogative Had + subject + 3 ? Had I gone to New York? .Yo había ido a New York He had gone to New York . Si hubiese sabido que estabas enfermo.Página 5 de 25 I had gone to New York . Simple Future What will you do? ¿Qué harás? 1 go Negative I won't go You won't go He won't go She won't go It won't go We won't go 2 went 3 gone subject + will + 1 Affirmative I will go You will go He will go She will go It will go We will go Interrogative Will I go ? Will you go ? Will he go ? Will she go ? Will it go ? Will we go ? . Cuando Oliver llamó por teléfono. the kids had just gone to bed. los niños acababan de acostarse.¿Había ido él a New York? usos del pasado perfecto simple Acción del pasado que tuvo lugar antes que otra. Con el adverbio just para expresar una acción que acaba de ocurrir. Her plane had already left when Thelma arrived at the airport. te habría ido a ver. When Oliver phoned. Tercer Condicional. I would have gone to see you. Su vuelo ya había partido cuando Thelma llegó al aeropuerto.

El irá a New York Negative subject + won't (will not) + 1 I won't go to New York .next month . Jugaré tenis mañana. expresiones usuales del futuro simple tomorrow . It will snow tomorrow. Me quedaré contigo toda la noche si realmente lo necesitas. Promesas." (Carlos Menem) "Todo Argentino tendrá un puesto de trabajo en este bendito país. Predicción en el futuro.the day after tomorrow . Nevará mañana. I will stay with you all night if you really need it. Iremos al cine.¿Iré a New York ? Will he go to New York ? . OM Personal cumplirá seis años en el 2005. I will play tennis tomorrow. We shall go to the movies = We will go to the movies We'll go to the movies.next week .El no irá a New York Interrogative Will I go to New York ? . OM Personal will be six in 2005. "Every Argentinian will have a job in this blessed country.No iré a New York He won't go to New York ." (Carlos Menem) Ofrecimientos.next year .in 2010 next Monday .Página 6 de 25 You will go They will go Affirmative You won't go They won't go Will you go ? Will they go ? subject + will + 1 I will go to New York .Iré a New York He will go to New York . Suele utilizarse el auxiliar shall (o su contracción 'll) para el futuro de la primera persona del singular y del plural.¿Irá él a New York ? Will + subject + 1 ? usos del futuro simple Acciones que se van a desarrollar con certeza en el futuro.

habré terminado este libro.El habrá ido a New York Negative subject + won't have + 3 I won't have gone to New York .¿Habrá ido él a New York? usos del futuro perfecto Acciones que ya se están desarrollando o que se van a desarrollar en el futuro. you will have sold your old car.¿Habré ido a New York ? Will he have gone to New York? .Página 7 de 25 Simple Future Perfect What will you have done? ¿Qué habrás hecho? subject + will have + 3 1 go 2 went 3 gone Affirmative I will have gone You will have gone He will have gone She will have gone It will have gone We will have gone You will have gone They will have gone Negative I will not have gone You will not have gone He will not have gone She will not have gone It will not have gone We will not have gone You will not have gone They will not have gone Interrogative Will I have gone ? Will you have gone ? Will he have gone ? Will she have gone ? Will it have gone ? Will we have gone ? Will you have gone ? Will they have gone ? NEGATIVE CONTRACTION: WILL NOT = WON'T Affirmative subject + will have + 3 I will have gone to New York . Before winter. Para mañana.El no habrá ido a New York Interrogative Will + subject + have + 3 ? Will I have gone to New York? .No habré ido a New York He won't have gone to New York . By tomorrow I will have finished my book. pero que cuando llegue ese momento futuro que se menciona la acción ya habrá finalizado. .Habré ido a New York He will have gone to New York .

Antes de que lleguemos a casa.by next month . We will not have finished these reports by 7 pm!! ¡¡No habremos finalizado estos informes para las 7 de la tarde!! expresiones usuales del futuro perfecto by 10 pm .Página 8 de 25 Antes del invierno.Yo no iría a New York He wouldn't go to New York . mamá habrá preparado nuestro desayuno.by next year Simple Conditional What would you do? ¿Qué harías? subject + would + 1 1 go Negative 2 went 3 gone Affirmative I would go You would go He would go She would go It would go We would go You would go They would go Affirmative Interrogative Would I go ? Would you go ? Would he go ? Would she go ? Would it go ? Would we go ? Would you go ? Would they go ? I wouldn't go You wouldn't go He wouldn't go She wouldn't go It wouldn't go We wouldn't go You wouldn't go They wouldn't go subject + would + 1 I would go to New York .¿Iría él a New York ? .by tomorrow . habrás vendido tu antiguo automóvil. Mom will have prepared our breakfast.by 2010 by next week .by Monday .¿Iría yo a New York ? Would he go to New York ? .El iría a New York Negative subject + wouldn't + 1 I wouldn't go to New York . Before we arrive home.Yo iría a New York He would go to New York .El no iría a New York Interrogative Would + subject + 1 ? Would I go to New York ? .

me encantaría la lluvia. Si realmente me amaras. If I were a plant. you would b uy me a Mercedes XL600. Si fuera un árbol.. dejaría el cigarrillo. If I were you.If she were .. I would visit her if I had time. I would give up smoking. Si estuviera en tu lugar. (pero nunca podría estar en tu lugar) Segundo Condicional (Condicional tipo II). . (but I could never be you).. me comprarías un Mercedes XL600. Would your father go to see the match if I gave him a free ticket? ¿Iría tu padre a ver el partido si le diese una entrada gratis? expresiones usuales del condicional simple If I were .Página 9 de 25 usos del condicional simple Comentarios acerca de algo que no es real en el presente pero que puede ser posible. (Realmente no tengo tiempo pero podría tenerlo) Comentarios acerca de una situación que no es real en estos momentos y que nunca podría serlo. If you really loved me.. I would love the rain. (I haven't got time but I might have some time) Yo la visitaría si tuviese tiempo. Simple Conditional Perfect What would you have done? ¿Qué habrías hecho? subject + would have + 3 1 go 2 went 3 gone Affirmative I would have gone You would have gone He would have gone She would have gone It would have gone We would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Affirmative Negative I wouldn't have gone You wouldn't have gone He wouldn't have gone She wouldn't have gone It wouldn't have gone We wouldn't have gone You wouldn't have gone They wouldn't have gone Interrogative Would I have gone ? Would you have gone ? Would he have gone ? Would she have gone ? Would it have gone ? Would we have gone ? Would you have gone ? Would they have gone ? subject + would have + 3 .

.. ..¿Habría ido yo a New York ? Would he have gone to New York? . te habría ido a ver. Si hubiese sabido que Buenos Aires es tan barato. If I had known that you were sick. I would have gone to see you. I would have gone there. habría ido allí.¿Habría ido él a New York? usos del condicional perfecto simple Tercer Condicional o Condicional Tipo III. habría aprobado su examen de First Certificate. Si hubiese estudiado en OM Perso nal. she would have passed her FCE examination.Yo habría ido a New York He would have gone to New York .El no habría ido a New York Interrogative Would + subject + have 3 ? Would I have gone to New York? . If I had known that Buenos Aires was so cheap.Yo no habría ido a New York He wouldn't have gone to New York . .if I were .El habría ido a New York Negative subject + wouldn't have + 3 I wouldn't have gone to New York . expresiones usuales del condicional perfecto simple if I had .. Si hubiese sabido que estabas enfermo.. Simple Modals What (can/could) you do? ¿Qué (puedes/podrías) hacer? What (may/might) you do? ¿Qué (puedes/podrías) hacer? What (must/should) you do? ¿Qué (debes/deberías) hacer? subject + modal + 1 1 go Negative I can't go I couldn't go I may not go I might not go I mustn't go I shouldn't go 2 went 3 gone Affirmative I can go I could go I may go I might go I must go I should go Interrogative Can I go ? Could I go ? May I go ? Might I go ? Must I go ? Should I go ? .. If she had studied at OM Personal.Página 10 de 25 I would have gone to New York .if he were .

ing (.Página 11 de 25 Affirmative subject + modal + 1 I can go to New York ...No podría ir a New York I mustn't go to New York . consejo) Negative subject + modal + not + 1 I can't go to New York . .Puedo ir a New York (posibilidad física.¿Debería ir a New York ? Progressive Present What are you doing? ¿Qué estás haciendo? subject + am/is/are + 1 > "ing" 1 go 2 went 3 gone .¿Podría ir a New York ? Must I go to New York ? .No puedo ir a New York I might not go to New York .Podría ir a New York (alternativa) I may go to New York .No puedo ir a New York I couldn't go to New York ...Debo ir a New York (obligación) I should go to New York ..No debo ir a New York I shouldn't go to New York .¿Podría ir a New York ? May I go to New York ? .ando.. conocimiento) I could go to New York .No debería ir a New York Interrogative modal + subject + 1 ? Can I go to New York ? .endo) Affirmative I am going You are going He is going Negative I am not going You are not going He is not going Interrogative Am I going ? Are you going ? Is he going ? .No podría ir a New York I may not go to New York .Podría ir a New York (posibilidad) I must go to New York .¿Debo ir a New York ? Should I go to New York ? .Puedo ir a New York (permiso) I might go to New York .¿Puedo ir a New York ? Might I go to New York ? .Debería ir a New York (obligación moral.¿Puedo ir a New York ? Could I go to New York ? .

My wife is having lunch now. Mike is always talking nonsense. I am going to visit their office in Caracas next week . They are arriving tomorrow morning. Lucas is getting up now.need expresiones usuales del presente continuo .¿Estoy yendo a New York ? Is he going to New York ? . Van a llegar mañana por la mañana. Mi esposa está almorzando ahora.hate .want .like . Acciones que tendrán lugar en un futuro próximo y sobre las que se ha tomado una resolución firme.Estoy yendo a New York He is going to New York . verbos que no suelen utilizarse en presente continuo know . Voy a visitar su oficina de Caracas la próxima semana.love . He is always annoying his friends.No estoy yendo a New York He is not going to New York . Planes futuros que han sido confirmados.Página 12 de 25 She is going It is going We are going You are going They are going Affirmative She is not going It is not going We are not going You are not going They are not going Is she going ? Is it going ? Are we going ? Are you going ? Are they going ? subject + am /is/are + 1 > "ing" I am going to New York .El no está yendo a New York Interrogative Am/Is/ Are + subject + 1 > "ing" ? Am I going to New York ? . El gerente se va a reunir conmigo esta noche. Acciones habituales con sentido negativo que llevan always. Mike siempre está hablando estupideces. The manager is meeting me tonight.El está yendo a New York Negative subject + am /is/are + not + 1 > "ing" I am not going to New York .¿Está él yendo a New York ? usos del presente continuo Acciones que ocurren en el momento de hablar. Lucas se está levantando ahora. Siempre está molestando a sus amigos.

.tomorrow Progressive Past What were you doing? ¿Qué estabas (estuviste) haciendo? subject + was/were + 1 >ing .¿Estaba (estuvo) Ud.now .Página 13 de 25 the next . .No estaba (estuve) yendo a New York You were not going to New York .endo) Affirmative I was going You were going He was going She was going It was going We were going You were going They were going Affirmative Negative I was not going You were not going He was not going She was not going It was not going We were not going You were not going They were not going Interrogative Was I going ? Were you going ? Was he going ? Was she going ? Was it going ? Were we going ? Were you going ? Were they going ? 1 go 2 went 3 gone subject + was/were + 1 > "ing" I was going to New York .ing (. yendo a New York ? usos del pasado continuo Actividades que ocurrían en determinado momento del pasado y que continuaron después.Ud.Ud.ando..this evening ... no estaba (estuvo) yendo a New York Interrogative Was/Were + subject + 1 > "ing" ? Was I going to New York ? ..at moment .¿Estaba (estuve) yendo a New York ? Were you going to New York ? ..Estaba (estuve) yendo a New York You were going to New York . estaba (estuvo) yendo a New York Negative subject + was/were + not + 1 > "ing" I was not going to New York .in this week on Sunday . .

¿He estado yendo a New York ? Has he been going to New York? . When my friend was taking a shower. The kids were running and their grandfather was reading an old paper. A las 11 estaba preparando nuestro almuerzo.He estado yendo a New York He has been going to New York .¿Ha estado él yendo a New York? .Página 14 de 25 At 11 am I was preparing our lunch.El ha estado yendo a New York Negative subject + haven't / hasn't + been + 1 > "ing" I haven't been going to New York .El no ha estado yendo a New York Interrogative Have / Has + subject + been + 1 > "ing" ? Have I been going to New York? . her brother did his homework. Cuando mi amiga estaba duchándose. Los niños estaban corriendo y su abuelo estaba leyendo un antiguo periódico. Mientras Martha escuchaba música.No he estado yendo a New York He hasn't been going to New York . Actividades interrumpidas por acciones más cortas. su hermano hizo sus deberes Acciones simultáneas (ambas en presente continuo). While Martha was listening to music. sonó el teléfono. the telephone rang. Progressive Present Perfect What have you been doing? ¿Qué has estado haciendo? subject + have / has + been + 1 > "ing" 1 go 2 went 3 gone Affirmative I have been going You have been going He has been going She has been going It has been going We have been going You have been going They have been going Affirmative Negative I haven't been going You haven't been going He hasn't been going She hasn't been going It hasn't been going We haven't been going You haven't been going They haven't been going Interrogative Have I been going ? Have you been going ? Has he been going ? Has she been going ? Has it been going ? Have we been going ? Have you been going ? Have they been going ? subject + have/has + been + 1 > "ing" I have been going to New York .

Nice smelling!! Have you been cooking your birthday cake? Hmm. It has been raining all night.No había estado yendo a New York .Página 15 de 25 usos del presente perfecto continuo Actividades que comenzaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente y resaltan la duración del proceso.Había estado yendo a New York He had been going to New York . Acciones que comenzaron en el pasado y pueden o no haber finalizado recientemente y resaltan la duración del proceso. Hmm.El había estado yendo a New York Negative subject + hadn't + been + 1 > "ing" I hadn't been going to New York . ¡¡Qué lindo aroma!! ¿Has estado cocinando tu torta de cumpleaños? Progressive Past Perfect What had you been doing? ¿Qué habías estado haciendo? subject + had + been + 1 > "ing" 1 go 2 went 3 gone Affirmative I had been going You had been going He had been going She had been going It had been going We had been going You had been going They had been going Affirmative Negative I hadn't been going You hadn't been going He hadn't been going She hadn't been going It hadn't been going We hadn't been going You hadn't been going They hadn't been going Interrogative Had I been going ? Had you been going ? Had he been going ? Had she been going ? Had it been going ? Had we been going ? Had you been going ? Had they been going ? subject + had + been + 1 > "ing" I had been going to New York . El tiempo está realmente malo. Acciones del pasado que acaban de concluir y cuyo estado es evidente. The weather is really bad. Monica and her husband have been living in Barcelona for ten years. Mónica y su esposo llevan viviendo en Barcelona diez años. Ha estado lloviendo toda la noche.

. Progressive Future What will you be doing? ¿Qué estarás haciendo? subject + will be + 1 > "ing" ...El no había estado yendo a New York Interrogative Had + subject + been + 1 > "ing" ? Had I been going to New York? . They had been playing for half an hour when a terrible storm began.endo) Affirmative I will be going You will be going He will be going She will be going It will be going We will be going You will be going They will be going Negative I will not be going You will not be going He will not be going She will not be going It will not be going We will not be going You will not be going They will not be going Interrogative Will I be going ? Will you be going ? Will he be going ? Will she be going ? Will it be going ? Will we be going ? Will you be going ? Will they be going ? 1 go 2 went 3 gone ..ing (.. I was very tired when I arrived home. Estaba muy cansado cuando llegué a casa. El partido de fútbol tuvo que ser detenido. The soccer game had to be stopped.ando. Habían estado jugando durante media hora cuando empezó una espantosa tormenta.¿Había estado él yendo a New York? usos del pasado perfecto continuo Resalta la duración de una acción que ocurrió en el pasado antes que otra. Había estado trabajando mucho todo el día. ..¿Había estado yo yendo a New York ? Had he been going to New York? . Ken had been smoking for 30 years when he finally gave it up.Página 16 de 25 He hadn't been going to New York . I had been working hard all day. Ken había estado fumando durante treinta años cuando finalmente dejó de fumar.

Estaremos viendo televisión.¿Estaré yendo a New York ? Will he be going to New York ? . seguirán desarrollándose.next month . No siempre se menciona en la oración el momento del futuro. We will be watching TV. She will be visiting me on Sunday.next year Progressive Future Perfect What will you have been doing? ¿Qué habrás estado haciendo? subject + will have been + 1 > "ing" 1 go 2 went 3 gone . Me estará visitando el domingo. al momento del tiempo al que nos referimos.El estará yendo a New York Negative subject + won't (will not) be + 1 > "ing" I won't be going to New York .El no estará yendo a New York Interrogative Will + subject + be + 1 > "ing" ? Will I be going to New York ? .¿Estará él yendo a New York ? usos del futuro continuo Acciones que van a tener lugar en el futuro y que. Tonight we will be watching TV. . Esta noche estaremos viendo televisión.No estaré yendo a New York He won't be going to New York .. expresiones usuales del futuro continuo tomorrow ..Estaré yendo a New York He will be going to New York . She will be visiting me.in 2010 next Monday ..the day after tomorrow .endo) Affirmative I will have been going You will have been going He will have been going Negative I will not have been going You will not have been going He will not have been going Interrogative Will I have been going ? Will you have been going ? Will he have been going ? .ando..next week ...Página 17 de 25 Affirmative subject + will be + 1 > "ing" I will be going to New York . Me estará visitando.ing (.

Habré estado esperando aquí durante cinco horas cuando sean las 10 de la noche.By 2020 . que puede ser incompleto.Página 18 de 25 She will have been going It will have been going We will have been going You will have been going They will have been going Affirmative She will not have been going It will not have been going We will not have been going You will not have been going They will not have been going Will she have been going ? Will it have been going ? Will we have been going ? Will you have been going ? Will they have been going ? subject + will have been + 1 > "ing" I will have been going to New York . you wi ll have been learning American English for six months. ..El no habrá estado yendo a New York Interrogative Will + subject + have been + 1 > "ing" ? Will I have been going to New York ? .¿Habrá él estado yendo a New York ? usos del futuro perfecto continuo Acontecimientos o acciones pertenecientes a un período de tiempo entre ahora y algún momento del futuro.Habré estado yendo a New York He will have been going to New York .By 8:00 am tomorrow   .¿Habré estado yendo a New York ? Will he have been going to New York ? . Para el 2100 OM Personal habrá estado enseñando en Internet durante un siglo. By 2100 OM Personal will have been teaching on the Internet for a century. I will have been waiting here for five hours by 10 pm. .... y the time you finish our OM Basic Course. habrás estado aprediendo Ingñés Americano durante seis meses.No habré estado yendo a New York He won't have been going to New York . expresiones usuales del futuro perfecto continuo By the time you .El habrá estado yendo a New York Negative subject + won't (will not) have beeen + 1 > "ing" I won't have been going to New York . Para cuando finalices nuestro OM Curso Básico.

.endo) Affirmative I would be going You would be going He would be going She would be going It would be going We would be going You would be going They would be going Affirmative Negative I would not be going You would not be going He would not be going She would not be going It would not be going We would not be going You would not be going They would not be going Interrogative Would I be going ? Would you be going ? Would he be going ? Would she be going ? Would it be going ? Would we be going ? Would you be going ? Would they be going ? subject + would be + 1 > "ing" I would be going to New York .ing (. I would be working in New York by now if I spoke American English..Yo estaría yendo a New York He would be going to New York . probablemente como resultado de una condición irreal.ando. Estaría trabajando en Nueva York en estos momentos si hablara Inglés Americano..Yo no estaría yendo a New York He wouldn't be going to New York ...El no estaría yendo a New York Interrogative Would + subject + be + 1 > "ing" ? Would I be going to New York ? .. por lo tanto no estoy trabajando en Nueva York). . (pero no hablo Inglés Americano.El estaría yendo a New York subject + wouldn't (would not) be + 1 > "ing" Negative I wouldn't be going to New York .¿Estaría yo yendo a New York ? Would he be going to New York ? . so I am not working in New York).Página 19 de 25 Progressive Conditional What would you be doing? ¿Qué estarías haciendo? subject + would be + 1 > "ing" 1 go 2 went 3 gone . (but I don't speak American English at all..¿Estaría él yendo a New York ? usos del condicional continuo Hechos o situaciones incompletas o contínuas.

. (but I'm starvng now. por lo tanto la estoy comiendo)..ing (. No estaría comiendo esta espantosa torta si no tuviese tanto apetito. He would have been going to New York ..El no habría estado yendo a N. Negative subject + wouldn't (would not) have been + 1 > "ing" I wouldn't have been going to New York . (pero me estoy muriendo de hambre.. so I'm eating it). if I had....endo) Affirmative I would have been going You would have been going He would have been going She would have been going It would have been going We would have been going You would have been going They would have been going Negative I would not have been going You would not have been going He would not have been going She would not have been going It would not have been going We would not have been going You would not have been going They would not have been going Interrogative Would I have been going ? Would you have been going ? Would he have been going ? Would she have been going ? Would it have been going ? Would we have been going ? Would you have been going ? Would they have been going ? Affirmative subject + would have been + 1 > "ing" I would have been going to New York .. .. Mabel estaría viviendo con Fernando si ella no estuviese viviendo con sus padres.Página 20 de 25 Mabel would be living with Fernando if she wasn't living with her parents.Yo habría estado yendo a N. so she's not living with him)..Y.No habría estado yendo a N. por lo tanto no está viviendo con él). I wouldn't be eating this horrible cake if I wasn't extremely hungry. He wouldn't have been going to New York .Y. expresiones usuales del condicional continuo If I had.Y. (but Mabel is living with her parents. . Progressive Conditional Perfect What would you have been doing? ¿Qué habrías estado haciendo? subject + would have been + 1 > "ing" 1 go 2 went 3 gone . I would.ando.El habría estado yendo a N. I wouldn't....Y. (pero Mabel está viviendo con sus padres..

¿Habría él estado yendo a N. If the youngsters had known it was dangerous. my sister-in-law would have been sitting in the garden when I arrived (but she wasn't and so I didn't see her).Página 21 de 25 Interrogative Would + subject + have been + 1 > "ing" ? Would I have been going to New York ? . . Si el tiempo hubiese estado mejor (pero no fue así). Tercer Condicional o Condicional Tipo III. If the weather had been better (but it wasn't). expresiones usuales del condicional perfecto continuo if I had had . Si los jóvenes hubiesen sabido que era peligroso.. I would have bee n travelling all around Europe with my friends that summer.. Progressive Modals What (can/could) you be doing? ¿Qué (puedes/podrías) estar haciendo? What (may/might) you be doing? ¿Qué (puedes/podrías) estar haciendo? What (must/should) you be doing? ¿Qué (debes/deberías) estar haciendo? subject + modal + be + 1 > "ing" 1 go Negative I can't be going I couldn't be going I may not be going 2 went Interrogative Can I be going ? Could I be going ? May I be going ? 3 gone Affirmative I can be going I could be going I may be going . they would not have been climbing such a mountain. mi cuñada habría estado sentada en el jardín cuando yo llegué (pero no lo estaba y. ? Would he have been going to New York ? . If I had had more money. no la ví). no habrían estado escalando semejante montaña. por lo tanto.Y.if he had known .¿Habría yo estado yendo a N.Y. Si hubiese tenido más dinero... ? usos del condicional perfecto continuo Este tiempo verbal hace referencia al resultado incompleto de la acción de la cláusula if y expresa este resultado como una acción continua o no finalizada. habría estado recorriendo toda Europa con mis amigos ese verano.

there exist THREE different types of conditional sentences in English..No puedo estar yendo a NY I couldn't be going to New York .No debería estar yendo a NY Interrogative modal + subject + be + 1 > "ing" ? Can I be going to New York ? .Puedo estar yendo a NY (posib. conocimiento) I could be going to New York . but I suppose I know just one .¿Podría estar yendo a NY ? May I be going to New York ? .No podría estar yendo a NY I mustn't be going to New York .. moral.Podría estar yendo a NY (alternativa) I may be going to New York . física.¿Debo estar yendo a NY ? Should I be going to New York ? . consejo) Negative subject + modal + not be + 1 > "ing" I can't be going to New York .Debería estar yendo a NY (oblig. Es cierto.Puedo estar yendo a NY (permiso) I might be going to New York .¿Debería estar yendo a NY ? The Four Conditionals Many visitors and subscribers ask us: I was told there are three or four conditionals in English.No podría estar yendo a NY I may not be going to New York .¿Puedo estar yendo a NY ? Could I be going to New York ? .¿Podría estar yendo a NY ? Must I be going to New York ? . It is true. básicamente existen CUATRO tipos .¿Puedo estar yendo a NY? Might I be going to New York ? .No puedo estar yendo a NY I might not be going to New York .No debo estar yendo a NY I shouldn't be going to New York . Let's study them here.Página 22 de 25 I might be going I must be going I should be going I might not be going I mustn't be going I shouldn't be going Might I be going ? Must I be going ? Should I be going ? subject + modal + be + 1 > "ing" Affirmative I can be going to New York .Podría estar yendo a NY (posibilidad) I must be going to New York . Muchos visitantes y suscriptores nos consultan: Me dijeron que hay tres o cuatro tipos de condicionales pero creo saber sólo uno .Debo estar yendo a NY (obligación) I should be going to New York .

. hechos que nunca cambian o situaciones que siempre ocurren). conditional type I >> FIRST CONDITIONAL Used to talk about things which are possible in the present or the future. Algunos gramáticos incluyen este tipo de condicional dentro de FIRST CONDITIONAL o Conditional Type I. b) IMPERATIVE + OR / AND + SIMPLE FUTURE Used for threats and promises (usado para expresar amenazas y promesas) Don't say a word about this. No cuentes una palabra de esto o te mato. it melts. you will pass your exams. it floats.Página 23 de 25 de condicionales en inglés que analizamos aquí. Termina tu tarea y tendrás una gratificación. If you heat butter. Si cruzas una línea de tiempo internacional. it freezes. Finish your job. pronto se extinguirán. If you heat water to 100 degrees. ésta hierve. ésta se derrite. Si calientas agua a 100 grados .. ésta se congela. conditional type 0 >> ZERO CONDITIONAL IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE PRESENT Used for scientific facts or general truths (usado para expresar verdades científicas. Si estudias intensamente aprobarás tus exámenes. and you will have a bonus. If you put water in a cooler. It is generally used for things which may happen (utilizado para cosas que pueden ocurrir en presente o futuro). it rusts. Si colocas agua en el congelador. Si no protegemos a los osos panda. the time changes. Si el hierro se moja. they will soon become extinct. Si calientas manteca. If iron gets wet. c) IMPERATIVO + IF / IN CASE + SIMPLE PRESENT . or I will kill you. If we do not protect the panda bears. éste flota. it boils. a) IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE FUTURE If you study hard. se oxida. Si tiras hielo al agua. If you cross an international date line. la hora cambia. If you drop ice in water.

So I say If I had known. podrían volar. Si los elefantes tuvieran alas. (Si el PRIMER verbo de la oración es TO BE.Página 24 de 25 Contact me if you need any help. en general. se usa WERE para todas las personas) If I were rich. queja o remordimiento). En español tienes una construcción similar por lo cual este condicional no debería resultar complicado. IF + SIMPLE PAST + SIMPLE CONDITIONAL If FIRST verb in the sentence is TO BE. I would have gone to see you. If elephants had wings.consultaría con un médico. (Si el PRIMER verbo de la oración es TO BE. Ponte en contacto conmigo si necesitas ayuda. When you are . WERE is used for all persons. that is. It is generally used for things which don't or won't happen. I would buy a castle. you can replace IF (si) by UNLESS (a menos que) conditional type II >> SECOND CONDITIONAL Used to talk about things which are unreal (not true or not possible) in the present or the future. Llámalos en caso de necesitar ayuda. The real situation was that I didn't know you were sick. NOTE: You can replace IF (si) by UNLESS (a menos que) in the examples above. NOTE: In cases b and d above. Si hubiese sabido que estabas enfermo. dentro de un contexto de crítica. It is generally used for things which may happen (utilizado en presente o futuro para expresar situaciones hipotéticas. WERE is used for all persons. que normalmente son irreales o imposibles). se usa WERE para todas las personas) If I had known that you were sick. (utilizado para expresar situaciones irreales ± que nunca sucedieron ± en el pasado y. compraría un ca stillo. If I were him. Call them in case you need help. Si fuera rico. Si fuera él -en su lugar.. te habría ido a ver .. they would be able to fly. IF + PAST PERFECT + CONDITIONAL PERFECT If FIRST verb in the sentence is TO BE. things which did not happen in the past. I would go and see a doctor. conditional type III >> THIRD CONDITIONAL Used to talk about unreal situations in the past.

Si no hubieses llegado tarde al trabajo tan seguido. . So they say If you had saved.. The real situation was that you wasn't early for work.. NOTE: You can replace IF (si) by UNLESS (a menos que) in the examples above. The real situation was that you didn't save your money. you use the Past Perfect (I had known) after IF. you could have bought a laptop.Página 25 de 25 talking about the past. no te habrían despedido. podrías haberte comprado una computadora. Si hubieses ahorrado tu dinero. they wouldn't have fired you. If you hadn't been late fo r work so often. you use the Past Perfect (I had known) after IF. you use the Past Perfect (I had known) after IF. If you had saved your money. So they say If you hadn't been late. When you are talking about the past.. When you are talking about the past..

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