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CALCULATION OF HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE

LENGTH OF THE WATER TANK 25 M 25.4


25000 MM
WIDTH OF THE WATER TANK 10.35 M 10.75
10350 MM
THICKNESS OF WALL 0.4 MM
400 MM
THICKNESS OF BASE SLAB 0.4 MM
400 MM
LIQUID DEPTH 2.5 M

WEIGHT CALCULATIONS

MASS OF TANK WALL

VOLUME OF WALL 104.7357 M3


UNIT WEIGHT OF CONCRETE 25 KN/M3

TOTAL WEIGHT OF WALL 2618.3925 KN

MASS OF TANK WALL 266910.5505 KG

MASS OF BASE SLAB

VOLUME OF BASE SLAB 117.732 M3


UNIT WEIGHT OF CONCRETE 25 KN/M3

TOTAL WEIGHT OF WALL 2943.3 KN

MASS OF TANK WALL 300030.581 KG

MASS OF WATER

VOLUME OF WATER 646.875 M3


UNIT WEIGHT OF WATER 10 KN/M3

TOTAL WEIGHT OF WALL 6468.75 KN

MASS OF WATER 659403.6697 KG

FOR RECTANGULAR TANK, SEISMIC ANALYSIS TO BE PERFORMED FOR LOADING IN X AND Y DIRECTIONS

ANALYSIS ALONG X DIRECTION


X DIRECTION L 25 M
B 10.35 M

PARAMETERS OF SPRING MASS MODEL

FOR h/L 0.100


0.866(l/H) 8.66
TANH (0.866(l/H)) 1.000
mi/m 0.115

mi 76135.9964616395 KG

3.16(H/l) 0.316
TANH(3.16(H/l)) 0.306
mc/m 0.808
mc 532692.660550459

hi/h 0.375
hi 0.938

3.16(H/l) 0.316
COSH(3.16(H/l)) 1.05
SINH(3.16(H/l)) 0.321
hc/h 0.507
hc 1.268

3.16(H/l) 0.316
COSH(3.16(H/l)) 1.05
SINH(3.16(H/l)) 0.321
hc*/h 10.46
hc* 26.160

0.866(l/H) 8.66
TANH (0.866(l/H)) 1.000
hi*/h 4.205

hi* 10.514

TIME PERIOD

MASS OF ONE WALL 30682.9765545362 KG

HEIGHT H' 1.412 M

UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED PRESSURE 25095.7046565336 N/M2


25.10 KN/M2

CONCENTRATED FORCE PER UNIT WIDTH OF WALL 62.73926164 KN

ELASTIC MODULUS E 27386.12788 N/MM2


27.38612788 KN/MM2

MOMENT OF INERTIA I 0.005333333 M4

DEFLECTION D 0.000402812 M

TIME PERIOD OF IMPULSIVE MODE Ti 0.040 SEC

FOR H/L 0.1 3.16(H/l) 0.316


TANH(3.16(H/l)) 0.306
6.386

TIME PERIOD OF CONVECTIVE MODE 10.195 SEC

DESIGN HORIZONTAL SEISMIC COEFFICIENT

Z (ZONE IV AS PER IS 1893 PART 1) 0.24


I 1.5
R 2

SITE HAS MEDIUM AND STIFF SOIL

DAMPING 5 PERCENT
HENCE (Sa/g)i 2.5

DESIGN HORIZONTAL COEFFICIENT FOR IMPULSIVE MODE 0.225

Z (ZONE IV AS PER IS 1893 PART 1) 0.24


I 1.5
R 2
TC 10.195 SEC
SITE HAS MEDIUM AND STIFF SOIL

DAMPING 5 PERCENT
HENCE (Sa/g)i 0.133

FOR 0.5% DAMPING 0.233

DESIGN HORIZONTAL COEFFICIENT FOR CONVECTIVE MODE 0.021


BASE SHEAR

BASE SHEAR AT BOTTOM OF WALL INIMPULSIVE MODE 757189.4907 N


757.1894907 KN

BASE SHEAR AT BOTTOM OF WALL IN CONVECTIVE MODE 109792.9103 N


109.7929103 KN

TOTAL BASE SHEAR AT BASE OF THE WALL 765.1081021 KN

MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL

BENDING MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL IN IMPULSIVE MODE 1335824.605 NM


1335.824605 KNM

BENDING MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL IN CONVECTIVE MODE 139184.0208 NM


139.1840208 KNM

TOTAL BENDING MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL 1343.056055 KNM

OVERTURNING MOMENT

IMPULSIVE MODE 3380420.866 NM


3380.420866 KNM

CONVECTIVE MODE 505643.897 NM


505.643897 KNM

HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE

IMPULSIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE


0.866(l/H) 8.66
TANH (0.866(l/H)) 1.000
COSH (0.866(l/H)) 2883.77
0.866*(L/B) 2.09
SINH (0.866(l/B)) 3.98
IMPULSIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE ON BASE OF THE WALL

Qiw (Y=0) 0.866

IMPULSIVE PRESSURE AT BASE OF THE WALL Piw 4778.69625 N/M2


4.78 KN/M2
IMPULSIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE ON BASE OF THE SLAB

Qib (Y=0) 0.00138

IMPULSIVE PRESSURE AT BASE ON THE SLAB Pib 7.615772929 N/M2


0.007615773 KN/M2

CONVECTIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE

CONVECTIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE ON WALL


COSH (0) 1
(3.162 (H/L)) 31.62
COSH (3.162 (H/L)) 2.69999E+13

Qcw 1.542601E-14

CONVECTIVE PRESSURE AT BASE OF THE WALL 0 KN/M2

CONVECTIVE PRESSURE AT BASE OF THE WALL 0 KN/M2

CONVECTIVE PRESSURE AT Y=H

Qcw 0.4165

Pcw 2146.113065 N/M2


2.146 KN/M2
SECH(3.162(H/L) 0.3162
0.952
Qcb(x) 0.40

CONVECTIVE PRESSURE ON TOP OF SLAB 2043.917205 N/M2


2.044 KN/M2
PRESSURE DUE TO WALL INERTIA

Pww 2.250 KN/M2

PRESSURE DUE TO VERTICAL EXCITATION

Z (ZONE IV AS PER IS 1893 PART 1) 0.24


I 1.5
R 2

SITE HAS MEDIUM AND STIFF SOIL


DAMPING 5 PERCENT
HENCE (Sa/g)i 2.5

TIME PERIOD FOR VERTICAL MODE OF VIBRATION 0.3

Av 0.15

AT BASE OF WALL Pv 3678.75 N/M2


3.679 KN/M2

MAXIMUM HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE

MAXIMUM HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE P 62.936


7.933 KN/M2

HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE 24525


24.525 KN/M2

PERCENTAGE OF HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE 32%


SURE

21.65 M 3.4 M AREA OF OUTER WALL 1.12 M2


AREA OF INNER WALL 0.51 M2
3.45 AREA OF INNER WALL 0.486 M2
AREA OF CENTRE BASE SLAB 97.02 M2
AREA OF SUPPORT BASE SLAB 245.82
19.6
4.95
3.464
0.7905
CALCULATION OF HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE

LENGTH OF THE WATER TANK 25 M 25.4


25000 MM
WIDTH OF THE WATER TANK 10.35 M 10.75
10350 MM
THICKNESS OF WALL 0.4 MM
400 MM
THICKNESS OF BASE SLAB 0.4 MM
400 MM
LIQUID DEPTH 2.5 M

WEIGHT CALCULATIONS

MASS OF TANK WALL

VOLUME OF WALL 168.3597 M3


UNIT WEIGHT OF CONCRETE 25 KN/M3

TOTAL WEIGHT OF WALL 4208.9925 KN

MASS OF TANK WALL 429051.2232 KG

MASS OF BASE SLAB

VOLUME OF BASE SLAB 117.732 M3


UNIT WEIGHT OF CONCRETE 25 KN/M3

TOTAL WEIGHT OF WALL 2943.3 KN

MASS OF TANK WALL 300030.581 KG

MASS OF WATER

VOLUME OF WATER 646.875 M3


UNIT WEIGHT OF WATER 10 KN/M3

TOTAL WEIGHT OF WALL 6468.75 KN

MASS OF WATER 659403.6697 KG

FOR RECTANGULAR TANK, SEISMIC ANALYSIS TO BE PERFORMED FOR LOADING IN X AND Y DIRECTIONS

ANALYSIS ALONG X DIRECTION


X DIRECTION L 25 M
B 10.35 M

PARAMETERS OF SPRING MASS MODEL

FOR h/L 0.242


0.866(l/H) 3.585
TANH (0.866(l/H)) 0.998
mi/m 0.278

mi 183553.92174173 KG

3.16(H/l) 0.763
TANH(3.16(H/l)) 0.306
mc/m 0.297
mc 195842.889908257

hi/h 0.375
hi 0.938

3.16(H/l) 0.763
COSH(3.16(H/l)) 1.305
SINH(3.16(H/l)) 0.839
hc/h 0.524
hc 1.309

3.16(H/l) 0.763
COSH(3.16(H/l)) 1.305
SINH(3.16(H/l)) 0.839
hc*/h 2.10
hc* 5.252

0.866(l/H) 8.66
TANH (0.866(l/H)) 0.998
hi*/h 4.214

hi* 10.534

TIME PERIOD

MASS OF ONE WALL 129459.734964322 KG

HEIGHT H' 1.559 M

UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED PRESSURE 34178.4564746959 N/M2


34.18 KN/M2

CONCENTRATED FORCE PER UNIT WIDTH OF WALL 85.44614119 KN

ELASTIC MODULUS E 27386.12788 N/MM2


27.38612788 KN/MM2

MOMENT OF INERTIA I 0.005333333 M4

DEFLECTION D 0.000739227 M

TIME PERIOD OF IMPULSIVE MODE Ti 0.055 SEC

FOR H/L 0.1 3.16(H/l) 0.763


TANH(3.16(H/l)) 0.643
4.406

TIME PERIOD OF CONVECTIVE MODE 7.033 SEC

DESIGN HORIZONTAL SEISMIC COEFFICIENT

Z (ZONE IV AS PER IS 1893 PART 1) 0.24


I 1.5
R 2

SITE HAS MEDIUM AND STIFF SOIL

DAMPING 5 PERCENT
HENCE (Sa/g)i 2.5

DESIGN HORIZONTAL COEFFICIENT FOR IMPULSIVE MODE 0.225

Z (ZONE IV AS PER IS 1893 PART 1) 0.24


I 1.5
R 2
TC 7.033 SEC
SITE HAS MEDIUM AND STIFF SOIL

DAMPING 5 PERCENT
HENCE (Sa/g)i 0.193

FOR 0.5% DAMPING 0.338

DESIGN HORIZONTAL COEFFICIENT FOR CONVECTIVE MODE 0.030


BASE SHEAR

BASE SHEAR AT BOTTOM OF WALL INIMPULSIVE MODE 1352172.706 N


1352.172706 KN

BASE SHEAR AT BOTTOM OF WALL IN CONVECTIVE MODE 58512.70374 N


58.51270374 KN

TOTAL BASE SHEAR AT BASE OF THE WALL 1353.438127 KN

MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL

BENDING MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL IN IMPULSIVE MODE 2273874.182 NM


2273.874182 KNM

BENDING MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL IN CONVECTIVE MODE 76612.481 NM


76.612481 KNM

TOTAL BENDING MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL 2275.164448 KNM

OVERTURNING MOMENT

IMPULSIVE MODE 6835286.272 NM


6835.286272 KNM

CONVECTIVE MODE 269958.7362 NM


269.9587362 KNM

HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE

IMPULSIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE


0.866(l/H) 3.585
TANH (0.866(l/H)) 0.998
COSH (0.866(l/H)) 18.04
0.866*(L/B) 0.87
SINH (0.866(l/B)) 0.984
IMPULSIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE ON BASE OF THE WALL

Qiw (Y=0) 0.864268

IMPULSIVE PRESSURE AT BASE OF THE WALL Piw 4769.138858 N/M2


4.77 KN/M2
IMPULSIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE ON BASE OF THE SLAB

Qib (Y=0) 0.05455

IMPULSIVE PRESSURE AT BASE ON THE SLAB Pib 300.9886364 N/M2


0.300988636 KN/M2

CONVECTIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE

CONVECTIVE HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE ON WALL


COSH (0) 1
(3.162 (H/L)) 13.09068
COSH (3.162 (H/L)) 242203.3

Qcw 1.71963E-06

CONVECTIVE PRESSURE AT BASE OF THE WALL 0 KN/M2

CONVECTIVE PRESSURE AT BASE OF THE WALL 0 KN/M2

CONVECTIVE PRESSURE AT Y=H

Qcw 0.4165

Pcw 1287.946172 N/M2


1.288 KN/M2
SECH(3.162(H/L) 0.764
0.765
Qcb(x) 0.32

CONVECTIVE PRESSURE ON TOP OF SLAB 985.6730912 N/M2


0.986 KN/M2
PRESSURE DUE TO WALL INERTIA

Pww 2.250 KN/M2

PRESSURE DUE TO VERTICAL EXCITATION

Z (ZONE IV AS PER IS 1893 PART 1) 0.24


I 1.5
R 2

SITE HAS MEDIUM AND STIFF SOIL


DAMPING 5 PERCENT
HENCE (Sa/g)i 2.5

TIME PERIOD FOR VERTICAL MODE OF VIBRATION 0.3

Av 0.15

AT BASE OF WALL Pv 3678.75 N/M2


3.679 KN/M2

MAXIMUM HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE

MAXIMUM HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE P 62.802


7.925 KN/M2

HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE 24525


24.525 KN/M2

PERCENTAGE OF HYDRODYNAMIC PRESSURE 32%


SURE

21.65 M 3.4 M AREA OF OUTER WALL 2 M2


AREA OF INNER WALL 0.51 M2
3.45 AREA OF INNER WALL 0.486 M2
AREA OF CENTRE BASE SLAB 97.02 M2
AREA OF SUPPORT BASE SLAB 245.82
19.6
4.95
3.464
0.7905
CONSIDERING NO WATER PRESSURE , SOIL PRESSURE
DESIGN OF STEM
HEIGHT OF WALL 4M
NORMAL HEIGHT OF WATER 3.49 M
WORST CONDITION 4M
UNIT WEIGHT OF WATER 16.6 KN/M3
ANGLE OF INTERNAL FRICTION 8 DEGREES
ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE 1.5
GRADE OF CONCRETE 30 N/MM2
GRADE OF STEEL 500 N/MM2

SERVICABLE MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL 88.87 KNM

ULTIMATE MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL 133.3062 KNM

REQUIRED EFFECTIVE DEPTH 32199.58


179.44 MM

PROVIDED AN OVERALL DEPTH OF 229.44 MM


400 MM
DEPTH OF WALL AT TOP 200 MM
REQUIRED AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 792.6926 MM2

PROVIDED DIA OF REINFORCEMENT 12 MM

REQUIRED SPACING OF REINFORCEMENT 142.60 MM

DRAWING PROVIDED 12MM DIA @ 200MM 753.6


12MM DIA @ 200MM 753.6
1507.2

STABILITY CALCULATION

LOADS MAGNITUDE OF LOADS DISTANCE FROM "B" MOMENT

LOAD DUE SOIL ON TOE SLAB 15.39 3.25 50.01


LOAD DUE TO WALL 20 3 60
10 2.77 27.667
LOAD DUE TO BASE SLAB 34 1.70 57.8
OVERTURNING MOMENT 88.871
79.39 KN 195.4783
106.6075
CALCULATION OF SOIL PRESSURE UNDER BASE
MOMENT ABOUT CENTRE LINE OF BASE -28.35 KNM

PRESSURE UNDER BASE SLAB MINIMUM 8.634 KN/M2

MAXIMUM 38.065 KN/M2

DIFFERENCE 29.432 KN/M2

BY SIMILARITY TRIANGLE METHOD AT START OF TOE SLAB 32.006 KN/M2


AT END OF HEEL SLAB 35.468 KN/M2

MOMENT AT ROOF OF THE TOE 94.936 KNM/M

MOMENT AT ROOF OF THE HEEL -1.383 KNM/M

UTIMATE MOMENT 142.404 KNM/M


-2.075 KNM/M

REQUIRED DEPTH 34396.9925366541


185.464 MM
CLEAR COVER 50 MM
REQUIRED DEPTH 235.464 MM

DEPTH TO BE PROVIDED 400 MM

AREA OF REINFORCEMENT REQUIRED 848.8427 MM2/M

PROVIDED DIA OF REINFORCEMENT 12 MM

EFFECTIVE COVER 56 MM

EFFECTIVE DEPTH 344 MM

REQUIRED SPACING OF REINFORCEMENT 133.170 MM

PROVIDED SPACING OF REINFORCEMENT 100 MM


CONSIDERED IN DRAWING

TOE SLAB 300 MM


0.3 M
CP 0.76 HEEL SLAB 2700 MM
2.7 M
DEPTH OF BASE SLAB 400 MM
UNIT WEIGHT OF CONCRETE 25 KN/M3

450
12MM

600

700 525

MOMENT

50.01
60
27.667
57.8
88.871
195.4783 KNM
106.6075 KNM
602
CONSIDERING WATER PRESSURE , NO SOIL PRESSURE

HEIGHT OF WALL 4M
NORMAL HEIGHT OF WATER 2.5 M
WORST CONDITION 4M
UNIT WEIGHT OF WATER 10 KN/M3
ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE 1.5
GRADE OF CONCRETE 30 N/MM2
GRADE OF STEEL 415 N/MM2

SERVICABLE MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL 26.04 KNM

ULTIMATE MOMENT AT BOTTOM OF THE WALL 39.0625 KNM

REQUIRED EFFECTIVE DEPTH 9435.386


97.14 MM

PROVIDED AN OVERALL DEPTH OF 147.14 MM


400 MM
DEPTH OF WALL AT TOP 200 MM
REQUIRED AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 242.351 MM2

PROVIDED DIA OF REINFORCEMENT 12 MM

REQUIRED SPACING OF REINFORCEMENT 466.43 MM

DRAWING PROVIDED 12MM DIA @ 200MM 565.2


12MM DIA @ 200MM 565.2
1130.4

STABILITY CALCULATION

LOADS MAGNITUDE OF LOADS DISTANCE FROM "A" MOMENT


LOAD DUE WATER ON HEEL SLAB 67.50 2.05 138.38
LOAD DUE TO WALL 20 0.42 8.424
10 0.63 6.333
LOAD DUE TO BASE SLAB 34 1.70 57.8
OVERTURNING MOMENT 26.042
131.50 KN 210.9318
184.8902
CALCULATION OF SOIL PRESSURE UNDER BASE

MOMENT ABOUT CENTRE LINE OF BASE -38.66 KNM


PRESSURE UNDER BASE SLAB MINIMUM 18.611 KN/M2

MAXIMUM 63.746 KN/M2

DIFFERENCE 45.135 KN/M2

BY SIMILARITY TRIANGLE METHOD AT START OF TOE SLAB 54.453 KN/M2


AT END OF HEEL SLAB 59.763 KN/M2

MOMENT AT ROOF OF THE TOE -16.190 KNM/M

MOMENT AT ROOF OF THE HEEL 2.359 KNM/M


CONSIDERED IN DRAWING

TOE SLAB 300 MM


0.3 M
HEEL SLAB 2700 MM
2.7 M
DEPTH OF BASE SLAB 400 MM
UNIT WEIGHT OF CONCRETE 25 KN/M3

450
12MM

MOMENT
138.38
8.424
6.333
57.8
26.042
210.9318 KNM
184.8902 KNM
CONSIDERING BOTH WATER PRESSURE AND SOIL PRESSURE
STABILITY CALCULATION
MAGNITUDE OF
LOADS LOADS DISTANCE FROM "B" MOMENT
AS CASE 1 DUE TO SOIL PRESSURE 79.39 3.25 258.01
LOAD DUE TO WATER 67.50 1.35 91.125

OVERTURNING MOMENT -62.829


146.89 KN 349.1367
411.9658
CALCULATION OF SOIL PRESSURE UNDER BASE

MOMENT ABOUT CENTRE LINE OF BASE 162.26 KNM

PRESSURE UNDER BASE SLAB MAXIMUM 127.418 KN/M2

MINIMUM -41.0134 KN/M2


SURE

CONSIDERED IN DRAWING

TOE SLAB 300 MM


0.3 M
HEEL SLAB 2700 MM
2.7 M
DEPTH OF BASE SLAB 400 MM
KNM UNIT WEIGHT OF CONCRETE 25 KN/M3
KNM
CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION FOR WALL

SEVICE MOMENT 26.042 KNM

DEPTH OF NEUTRAL AXIS (ELASTIC NO TENSION THEORY)

MODULAR RATIO M 9.33

AREA OF STEEL PROVIDED ON WATER SIDE 1130.4 MM2

DIAMETER OF REINFORCEMENT USED 10 MM


12 MM

BAR SPACING 200 MM

CLEAR COVER TO REINFORCEMENT 50 MM

OVERALL DEPTH OF THE SECTION 400 MM

EFFECTIVE DEPTH SECTION 334 MM

PERCENTAGE OF REINFORCEMENT 0.003384

AeP 0.031577

DEPTH OF NEUTRAL AXIS (ELASTIC NO TENSION THEORY) 0.222

X 74.04877

D-(X/3) 309.3171

Fs 74.479 N/MM2

CHECK FOR STEEL AND CONCRETE SERVICE STRESS


0.8FY 332 N/MM2 SAFE
Fcb
0.45Fc 13.5 N/MM2

ELASTIC MODULUS OF STEEL 20000 N/MM2

ELASTIC STRAIN AT THE SURFACE E1 0.004669

CORRECTION FACTOR E2 0.006026

AVERAGE SURFACE STRAIN Em -0.00136


Cmin 60 MM
Ca 66 MM

Acr 14356
113.8165

SURFACE CRACK WIDTH 0.1651


-0.34822 MM
700

471