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For a list of Philippine mountains which include those classified as active volcanoes, see List of

mountains in the Philippines.


Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap
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Active volcanoes in the Philippines, as categorized by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology


and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), include volcanoes in the country having erupted within historical
times (within the last 600 years), with accounts of these eruptions documented by humans; or
having erupted within the last 10,000 years (holocene) based on analyses of datable materials.
However, there is no consensus among volcanologists on how to define an "active" volcano. As
of 2012, PHIVOLCS lists 23 volcanoes as active in the Philippines, 21 of which have historical
eruptions; one, Cabalian, which is strongly fumarolic volcano[further explanation needed]; and one,
Leonard Kniaseff, which was active 1,800 years ago (C14).[1]

There are 50 Philippines volcanoes listed by the royal Smithsonian Institution's Global
Volcanism Program (GVP) at present,[2] of which 20 are categorized as "historical" and 59 as
"Holocene".[2] The GVP lists volcanoes with historical, Holocene eruptions, or possibly older if
strong signs of volcanism are still evident through thermal features like fumaroles, hot springs,
mud pots, etc.[3]

Mayon in Albay is the most active volcano in the Philippines

Taal in Batangas

Kanlaon in Negros island

Bulusan in Sorsogon

Smith in Calayan

Hibok-Hibok in Camiguin

Pinatubo in Zambales

Musuan in Bukidnon

Contents
 List
 See also
 References
 External links

List
The list below showing 25 active volcanoes in the Philippines was based on the PHIVOLCS list
with some included from the GVP. The number is not definite and depends on someone's
definition of "active" or historical timeframe. Descriptions under Eruption were based on the
GVP website. The frequency of Historical Eruptions excludes questionable or Uncertain
accounts based on the two sources mentioned.

Elevation
Eruptions[1]
(ASL)[1] [1]
Name Coordinates Province(s)
Description and
m ft
current status
Ambalatungan 2,329 7,641 Kalinga 0 Explosions in 1952 is
Group 17°18′40″N uncertain.[4] Fumarolic
121°06′13″E with solfataras and
thermal springs.
Babuyan 843 2,766 9°31′23″N Cagayan 3 Eruptions were
Claro 121°56′24″E recorded in 1831, 1860
and 1913. Askedna Hot
Springs is in the
southern base of the
volcano.
Banahaw 2,169 7,116 14°04′N Laguna, Quezon 0 Eruptions were
121°29′E uncertain during the
mudflows of 1730,
1743, 1843 and 1909.[5]
Biliran 1,340 4,400 Biliran 1 Phreatic eruption in
11°33′29″N 1939. Fumarolic with
124°30′47″E thermal springs
Bulusan 1,565 5,135 Sorsogon 17 Eruptions years are
12°46′12″N from 1886 to 2011.
124°03′00″E Permanently monitored
Cabalian[1] Southern Leyte
10°17′13.2″N
125°13.25′0″E
Cagua 1,160 3,810 Cagayan 1 Eruption in 1860 and
18°13′19″N strong solfataric
122°07′23″E activity in 1907.
Thermal areas are near
the summit and NW to
NNE flanks.
Elevation
Eruptions[1]
(ASL)[1]
Name Coordinates Province(s)[1]
Description and
m ft
current status
Camiguin 712 2,336 Cagayan 1 Its only recorded
de Babuyanes 18°49′48″N eruption was in 1857.
121°51′36″E Fumarolic with thermal
springs
Didicas 843 2,766 Cagayan 6 Eruptions in 1773,
19°04′37″N 1856, 1900, 1952, 1969
122°12′07″E and 1978. A submarine
volcano till 1952 when
a permanent island was
formed.[6]
Hibok-Hibok 1,332 4,370 9°12′11″N Camiguin 5 Eruption in years 1827,
124°40′23″E 1862, 1871 and 1948–
1952. Activity from
1897-1902 was only
solfataric. Permanently
monitored.
Iraya 1,009 3,310 Batanes 1 Last eruption was in
20°28′08″N 1454. Seismic swarm
122°00′36″E in 1998.
Iriga 1,143 3,750 Camarines Sur 0 The eruption in 1628
13°27′25″N was discredited.[7]
123°27′25″E
Jolo Group 620 2,030 6.013°N Sulu 0 Uncertain submarine
121.057°E eruption in 1897.
Listed as Bud Dajo, a
cinder cone on Jolo
Island, in the
PHIVOLCS list.
Kanlaon 2,435 7,989 Negros Occidental, 26 Eruptions were
10°24′43″N Negros Oriental recorded from 1886 to
123°07′55″E 2006. On November
23, 2015 the volcano
had a small, steam-
driven explosion.
PHIVOLCS raised the
alert level to 1 (mild
restiveness).
Permanently
monitored.
Leonard 200 660 7°22′55″N Compostela Valley 0 Last eruption was dated
Kniaseff 126°02′49″E as c.120 AD.[8] Strong
thermal features.
Elevation
Eruptions[1]
(ASL)[1]
Name Coordinates Province(s)[1]
Description and
m ft
current status
Makaturing 1,940 6,360 7°38′49″N Lanao del Sur 2 Eruption recorded in
124°19′12″E 1865 and 1882. The
1856 and 1858
eruptions was credited
to Ragang[9][10]
Matutum 2,286 7,500 6°22′N South Cotabato 0 Mountain was
125°04′E fumarolic on March 7,
1911, but if an eruption
occurred was uncertain.
Thermal springs in
Akmoan and
Linan.[11][12]
Mayon 2,460 8,070 Albay 50 Eruptions were
13°15′25″N recorded from 1616 to
123°41′06″E 2013. Permanently
monitored. Most recent
major volcanic activity
occurred in 2018.
Musuan 646 2,119 7°52′37″N Bukidnon 2 Eruptions in 1866 &
125°04′05″E 1867. Strong seismic
swarm in 1976.
Parker 1,784 5,853 6°06′47″N South Cotabato 1 A caldera-forming
124°53′31″E eruption occurred on
January 4, 1641.
Pinatubo 1,445 4,741 15°08′N Zambales, Tarlac, 3 Reawakened in 1991
120°21′E Pampanga producing the 2nd
largest eruption in the
20th century. Followed
by milder eruptions in
1992 and 1993.
Ragang 2,815 9,236 7°42′N Lanao del Sur, 7 Eruption years are from
124°30′E Cotabato 1765 to 1873.
Eruptions were
uncertain in 1915 and
1916.
San Pablo 1,090 3,580 14°07′N Laguna, Batangas 0 Last activity was the
Volcanic Field 121°18′E formation of Sampaloc
Lake around 1350 AD
+/- 100 years
determined by
anthropology[3][13]
Elevation
Eruptions[1]
(ASL)[1]
Name Coordinates Province(s)[1]
Description and
m ft
current status
Smith 688 2,257 Cagayan 6 Eruption years are from
19°32′02″N 1652 to 1924.
121°55′01″E Combined with
Babuyan Claro on the
GVP list.
Taal 311 1,020 Batangas 33 Eruption years is from
14°00′07″N 1572 to 1977. Showing
120°59′35″E signs of unrest since
1991 and permanently
monitored.
Unnamed −24 −79 20°20′N Batanes 3 submarine eruptions in
volcano 121°45′E 1773, 1850 and 1854.
(Ibugos)

See also
 Geomorphology
 Landforms
 List of inactive volcanoes in the Philippines
 List of mountains in the Philippines
 List of potentially active volcanoes in the Philippines
 Volcanic field

References
1.

 "List of Active Volcanoes". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS).


30 July 2008. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  "Volcanoes of the Philippines and Southeast Asia". Global Volcanism Program.
Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
  "Volcano Data Criteria". accessdate=2011-08-18. Smithsonian Institution.
  "Eruption History, Ambalatungan Group". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-
08-18.
  "Banahaw Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  "Didicas Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  "Iriga Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  "Leonard Range Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  "Makaturing Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  "Makaturing". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  "Matutum". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.
  "Matutum Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved on 2011-08-18.

13.  "San Pablo Volcanic Field Eruption History". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved
on 2011-08-18.

External links

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 PHIVOLCS Volcano Monitoring and Classification of Volcanoes

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