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Kualifikasi Tenaga Sanitarian

(Sesuai Pasal 3 PMK No 32 Tahun 2013)

(1) Kualifikasi Tenaga Sanitarian ditetapkan berjenjang dan berkelanjutan yang terdiri dari:

a. Sanitarian;

b. Teknisi Sanitarian Utama (Technical Sanitarian);

c. Teknisi Sanitarian Madya (Junior Technical Sanitarian);

d. Teknisi Sanitarian Pratama (Assistent Technical Sanitarian); dan

e. Asisten Teknisi Sanitarian (Junior Assistent Technical Sanitarian).

(2) Sanitarian sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (1) huruf a merupakan Tenaga Sanitarian yang memiliki
ijazah Profesi Kesehatan Lingkungan.

(3) Teknisi Sanitarian Utama merupakan Tenaga Sanitarian yang memiliki ijazah:

a. Diploma Tiga Penilik Kesehatan; atau

b. Diploma Empat/Sarjana Terapan/Sarjana Kesehatan Lingkungan/Ilmu Lingkungan/Teknologi


Lingkungan/Teknik Lingkungan/Teknik Sanitasi.

(4) Teknisi Sanitarian Madya merupakan Tenaga Sanitarian yang memiliki ijazah Diploma Tiga Ahli Madya
Sanitasi dan Kesehatan Lingkungan/Teknologi Sanitasi.

(5) Teknisi Sanitarian Pratama merupakan Tenaga Sanitarian yang memiliki ijazah Diploma Satu
Kesehatan Lingkungan/Pembantu Penilik Hygiene.

(6) Asisten Teknisi Sanitarian merupakan orang yang memilki ijazah SMK (Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan)
Kesehatan Lingkungan/Sanitasi/ Plumbing.
DEFINISI SANITARIAN

(Oleh : Sugeng Abdullah, SST, MSi)

A. Pengertian Sanitarian di Indonesia

1. Sanitarian adalah tenaga sanitasi

2. Tenaga sanitasi adalah meliputi tenaga kesehatan yang dididik secara khusus pada (a).

Sekolah Penjenang Kesehatan (SPK) A/B, (b). Sekolah Menengah Kesehatan Atas (SMKA), (c). Sekolah
Pembantu Penilik Hygiene (SPPH), (d). Kursus Pendidikan Kontrolir Kesehatan, (e). Akademi Kontrolir
Kesehatan (AKK), (f). Akademi Penilik Kesehatan (APK), (g). Akademi Penilik Kesehatan Teknologi Sanitasi
(APK-TS), (h). Pendidikan Ahli Madya Sanitasi dan Kesehatan Lingkungan (PAM SKL), (i). Akademi
Kesehatan Lingkungan (AKL), (j). Jurusan / Program Studi / Diploma Sanitasi dan Kesehatan Lingkungan,
(k). Master / Magister Sanitasi dan Kesehatan Lingkungan.

3. Sinonim Sanitarian : Kontrolir Kesehatan, Penilik Kesehatan, Penilik Hygiene, Pembantu Penilik
Hygiene, Tenaga HS (Hygiene Sanitasi), Mantri Hygiene, Mantri Kakus, Ahli Kesehatan Lingkungan
(termasuk : Ahli Pratama, Ahli Muda, Ahli Madya, Ahli dan Spesialist).

4. Sanitarian adalah seseorang yang lulus dari pendidikan Sekolah Menengah Kesehatan Atas (SMKA)

5. Sanitarian adalah tenaga profesional yang bekerja dalam bidang sanitasi dan kesehatan lingkungan
dengan latar belakang pendidikan yang beragam dan telah mengikuti pendidikan atau pelatihan khusus
di bidang sanitasi dan kesehatan lingkungan.

6. Sanitarian adalah salah satu jenis tenaga Kesehatan Masyarakat (PP No. 32 Tahun 1996, tentang
Tenaga Kesehatan)

7. Sanitarian adalah Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang diberi tugas, tanggung jawab, wewenang dan hak secara
penuh oleh pejabat yang berwewenang untuk melakukan kegiatan pengamatan, pengawasan dan
pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam rangka perbaikan kualitas kesehatan lingkungan untuk dapat
memelihara, melindungi dan meningkatkan cara-cara hidup bersih dan sehat. (SK MEMPAN No: 19/KEP/
M.PAN/ 11/2000 tanggal 30 November 2000)

-----tabel jabatan sanitarian----


8. Sanitarian adalah orang yang mahir dalam sanitasi dan kesehatan masyarakat. Sanitarian berasal dari
kata sanus yang berarti baik, atau sanitas yang berati kesehatan ( John H. Dirckx, MD. Kamus Ringkas
Kedokteran, STEDMAN, EGC 2001)

9. Sanitarian adalah tenaga kesehatan lingkungan berpendidikan minimal Sarjana (S1) yang telah
mendapatkan pelatihan dibidang Hygiene Sanitasi Makanan; (Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik
Indonesia Nomor 1098/MENKES/SK/VII/2003)

10. …….?

B. Pengertian Sanitarian di Mancanegara

1. Sanitarian Synonyms: Sanitary inspector; sanitation inspector; sanitation supervisor;

environmental technician; pollution-control technician (DOT). Also: public-health inspector;


environmental-health inspector; environmental-quality inspector; environmental technician/engineering
aid; registered/certified sanitarian Job profile:Plans, develops and executes environmental health
programme; organizes and conducts training programme in environmental health practices for schools
and other groups; determines and sets health and sanitation standards and enforces regulations
concerned with food processing and serving, collection and disposal of solid wastes, sewage treatment
and disposal, plumbing, vector control, recreational areas, hospitals and other institutions, noise,
ventilation, air pollution, radiation and other areas; confers with government, community, industrial, civil
defence and private organizations to interpret and promote environmental health programmes;
collaborates with other health personnel in epidemiological investigations and control. Advises civic and
other officials in development of environmental health laws and regulations (DOT).
(http://www.ilo.org/encyclopaedia/?print&nd=857300018).

2. Sanitarian is garbageman (US Public Service) 3. A credentialed practitioner in the environmental,


sanitary and public health sciences whose

vocational efforts are directed towards the evaluation and management of those factors and
mechanisms which impact upon the public health, quality of life and determinants of risk. (Robert W.
Powitz, http://www.sanitarian.com)

4. Under general direction of the Fire Chief, responsible for the promotion and enforcement of
environmental sanitation laws and ordinances; performs regular and special inspections of food handling
establishments, hotels and motels, and vending machines to assure compliance; erforms related work as
required (from : City of Ames)
5. "Registered sanitarian" means a person who meets the requirements of education, training or
experience in sanitary science, is licensed in the State, and who may be engaged in the promotion and
protection of the public health by applying technical knowledge to formulate and execute methods and
procedures to control those factors of the environment which influences the health, safety and welfare
of the public. [Eff. SEP 18 1981] (Auth: HRS §§321-10, 321-13) (Imp: HRS §321-13)

6. a specialist in sanitary science and public health (Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary, © 2002
Merriam-Webster, Inc.)

7. A public health or sanitation expert (The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright
© 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company )

8. One skilled in matters of sanitary science and public health or relating to sanitary science and public
health (Webster Dictionary 3rd edition) 9. Sanitarian is a public health worker with trainning in the
sciences that aply to sanitation, such a biology, epidemiology, bacteriology and vital statistic. ( New
Standard Encyclopedia, volume 15, SEC Chicago)

10. A public health or sanitation expert (www.answers.com/topic/sanitarian)

11. a specialist in sanitary science and public health (http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/sanitarian)

12. a person who specializes in public health and sanitation.

(www.pca.state.mn.us/publications/mnenvironment/special2005/riskvocabulary.html) 13. A member of


a local, state or federal public health department who conducts inspections,

files reports and offers advice to foodservice operators in addressing sanitation problems.
(www.handwashingforlife.com/us/english/resource_center/glossary.htm)

14. A public health or sanitation expert. (www.thefreedictionary.com/sanitarian) 15. Someone who


favours or studies sanitary measures (www.allwords.com/word-sanitarian.html) 16. A registered
sanitarian is a person who is trained and experienced in the field of sanitary

science and technology and who is authorized to carry out the educational, inspectional and
enforcement duties in the field of environmental health services. Environmental health is the science
and art of controlling environmental hazards to preserve and improve the health, safety and well being
of people (http://drl.wi.gov/prof/sani/def.htm)

17. a specialist in sanitary science and public health (http://www.mw.com/dictionary/sanitarian)

18. "Sanitarian" is a public health professional qualified by education in the arts and sciences, specialized
training, and acceptable environmental health field experience to effectively plan, organize, manage,
execute and evaluate one or more of the many diverse elements comprising the field of environmental
health. Practice in the field of environmental health within the meaning of this Article includes, but is
not limited to, organization, management, education, enforcement, and consultation for the purpose of
prevention of environmental health hazards and the promotion and protection of the public health and
the environment in the following areas: food, lodging and institutional sanitation, on-site sewage
treatment and disposal, and milk and dairy sanitation.
(http://www.rsboard.com/rsweb/docs/general_stats.htm)

19. A public health or sanitation expert.(http://medicaldictionary.thefreedictionary.com/sanitarian)

20. An advocate of sanitary measures; one especially interested or versed in sanitary measures
(http://www.wordwebonline.com/en/SANITARIAN)

21. One who is skilled in sanitation and public health


(http://www.biologyonline.org/dictionary/sanitarian)

22. Environmental health specialist/sanitarian. "Environmental health specialist/sanitarian" means a


person registered pursuant to these rules to plan, organize, manage, implement, and evaluate one or
more program areas comprising the field of environmental health. Environmental program areas
include but are not limited to: food, beverage, and lodging sanitation; housing; refuse disposal; water
supply sanitation; rodent, insect, and vermin control; accident prevention; swimming pool and public
bathing facility sanitation; radiation safety; air and water quality, noise pollution, and institutional and
industrial hygiene. Implementation includes community education, investigation, consultation, review
of construction plans, collection of samples and interpretation of laboratory data, enforcement actions,
review and recommendation of policy and/or regulation.
(http://www.revisor.leg.state.mn.us/arule/4695/2600.html)

23. "sanitarian" means a person who by education or experience in the physical, biological and sanitary
sciences is qualified to carry out educational, investigational and technical duties in the field of
environmental health. (http://www.azleg.state.az.us/ars/36/00136-01.htm)

24. An advocate of sanitary measures; one especially interested or versed in sanitary measures.
(http://www.brainydictionary.com/words/sa/sanitarian215407.html)

25. A Sanitarist (http://www.brainydictionary.com/words/sa/sanitarist215408.html)

26. An environmental health specialist, or sanitarian, is a person qualified to plan, organize,

manage, implement, and evaluate one or more program areas comprising the field of environmental
health. Environmental program areas include but are not limited to: food, beverage, and lodging
sanitation; housing; refuse disposal; water supply sanitation; rodent, insect, and vermin control; accident
prevention; swimming pool and public bathing facility sanitation; radiation safety; air and water quality,
noise pollution, and institutional and industrial hygiene. Implementation includes community education,
investigation, consultation, review of construction plans, collection of samples and interpretation of
laboratory data, enforcement actions, review and recommendation of policy and/or regulation.
(http://www.mehaonline.org/sanitarian.htm)

27. A housing inspector is the key person in a local housing hygiene program since he is the local
representative dealing with the grass roots problems (http://en.mimi.hu/home/grass.html)
28. An advocate of sanitary measures; one especially interested or versed in sanitary measures
(http://www.wordwebonline.com/en/SANITARIAN)

29. An advocate of sanitary measures; one especially interested or versed in sanitary measures
(.http://www.webster-dictionary.net/definition/sanitarian)

30. An advocate of sanitary measures; one especially interested or versed in sanitary measures.
(Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (http://dict.die.net/sanitarian/)