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Managing Mass Communications: Advertising, Sales Promotions, Events

and Experiences and Public Relations


Although there has been an enormous increase in the use of personal communication by
marketers, the fact remains that mass media, if used correctly, is still an important component
of a modern marketing communication programme. Advertising is a cost-effective way to
disseminate messages, whether to promote brand preference or to educate people. In
developing an advertising programme, marketing managers must always start by identifying
the target market and buyer motives. Then they can make the five major decisions, known as
“the five Ms”: Mission: What are our advertising objectives? Money: How much can we
spend and how to allocate our spending across media types? Message: What message should
we send? Media: media should we use? Measurement: how should we evaluate the results?

An advertising objective is a specific, communications task and achievement level to be


accomplished with a specific audience in a specific period of time. The advertising objectives
must flow from prior decisions on target market, brand positioning and the marketing
program. They can be classified according to whether their aim is to inform, persuade,
remind or reinforce.

The factors influencing the advertising budget decisions are stage in the product life cycle,
market share and consumer base, competition and clutter, advertising frequency, product
substitutability.

In designing and evaluating an ad campaign, marketers employ both art and science to
develop the message strategy or positioning of an ad- what the ad attempts to convey about
the brand- and its creative strategy-how the ad expresses the brand claims. Advertisers go
through three stages: message generation and evaluation, creative development and
execution, and social responsibility review.

Advertisers and their agencies must ensure that advertising does not overstep social and legal
norms. Public policymakers have a substantial body of laws and regulations to govern
advertising. The Advertisements Standard council of India (ASCI), a self-regulatory
voluntary organisation formed by the advertising industry, provides basic guidelines for
ensuring fairness in advertising and has mechanism to safeguard against misleading
messages. Consumer protection organizations also play a significant role in ensuring that
advertisers do not make misleading or fake claims. In addition, Consumer Protection Act of
1986, recognizes the rights of consumers and provide remedial action when consumer rights
are violated.

After choosing the message, the advertiser needs to choose media to carry it. The steps here
are deciding on desired reach, frequency and impact; choosing among major media types;
selecting specific media vehicles; deciding on media timing; and deciding on geographical
media allocation. Then the marketers evaluate the results of these decisions.

Sales promotion is a key ingredient in marketing campaigns, consists of a collection of


incentive tools, mostly short term, designed to stimulate quicker or greater purchase of
particular products or services by consumers or the trade. Whereas advertising offers a reason
to buy, sales promotion offers an incentive.

Sales promotion tools vary in their specific objectives. A free sample stimulates consumer
trial, whereas a free management-advisory service aims at cementing a long-term relationship
with a retailer. Sellers use incentive-type promotions to attract new triers, to reward loyal
customers, and to increase the repurchase rates of occasional users. Sales promotion in
markets of high brand singularity can produce a high sales response in the short run but little
permanent gain in brand preference over long term. In using sales promotion, a company
must establish its objectives, select the tools, develop the program, implement and control it,
and evaluate the results.

Events and experiences are a means to become part of special and more personally relevant
moments in consumer’s lives. Event can broaden and deepen the sponsor’s relationship with
its target market, but only if managed properly. Marketers have a number of reasons to
sponsor events. They are:

1) To identify with a particular target market or lifestyle


2) To increase salience of company or product name
3) To create or reinforce perceptions of key brand image associations
4) To enhance corporate image
5) To create experiences and evoke feelings
6) To express commitment to the community or on social issues
7) To entertain key clients or reward key employees
8) To permit merchandising or promotional opportunities.

The company must relate constructively not only to its customers, suppliers and dealers but
also to a number of interested public. A public is any group that has an actual or potential
interest in or impact on a company’s ability to achieve its objectives. Public Relations (PR)
includes a variety of programs to promote or protect a company’s image or individual
products.

Marketing public relations (MPR) can support corporate or product promotion and image
making. It can affect public awareness at a fraction of the cost of advertising and is very
credible. The main tools of PR are publications, events, news, community affairs,
identification media, lobbying and social responsibility.

By Group 1 Section B
Amit Kesharwani 2018PGP064
Nilesh Chohan 2018PGP081
Suman Sarkar 2018PGP094
Vipin Kesarwani 2018PGP098