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Nicanor Reyes St.

, Sampaloc, Manila
Accountancy, Business, and Management

Practical Research 1

Module 7

Learning objectives:
At the end of the lesson, students are expected to:
1. learn the common sections of the first chapter of a research paper
2. discuss the background of their study, its potential theoretical underpinnings, and importance
3. apply their learnings to efficiently write and discuss their full conceptualization of their study

I. Chapter 1 Sections

A. Introduction- a good introduction states the main research problem and thesis argument. What
precisely are you studying and why is it important? How original is it? Will it fill a gap in other
studies? Never provide a lengthy justification for your topic before it has been explicitly stated
(Boston College, 2018).

- discusses four(4) relevant ideas:

1. Topic or subject matter: define and elaborate using methods of paragraph development
like classification and giving examples
2. Importance of the topic: cite the role that the topic plays in your like and the benefits you
derive from it
3. Reasons for choosing the topic: emphasized thaw motivated you to choose the topic
4. Purpose of the study: discusses the objective of the study

B. Background of The Study

- Consists of statements on what led the investigator to launch the study

- May have been generated by some empirical observations, the need to explore the problem
and some other relevant conditions
- Describe as clearly as possible the problem intended to be addressed and refer to the relevant
literature in the field
- Overview of the factors which have led to the problem, comprise the problem and historical
significance relative to the problem


C. Statement of the Problem

- A general statement of the whole problem followed by the specific questions or sub problems
into which general problem is broken up


D. Theoretical Framework

- Foundation of the research

- Highly related theories and principles that were established and proven by authorities
- Refers to the set of interrelated construct definitions, and prepositions that presents a
systematic view of phenomena
- Organized body that explains what has been done and what has been said on the topic or
problem being investigated
- Important parts to be obtained:

a. Name of author of the theory, year postulated

b. Part of the theory relevant to your study
c. Synthesis of the relationship of your study and the theory


E. Conceptual Framework

- A tentative explanation of the phenomenon or problem and serves as the basis for the
formulation of research objectives/hypotheses
- Consists of the researcher’s own position on a problem after his exposure to various theories
that have bearing on the problem
- Becomes the central theme/focus of the study
- Serves as a guide in conducting the investigation
- Conceptual paradigm: diagrammatic representation of a conceptual framework; depicts in a
more vivid way that the conceptual framework wants to convey


F. Significance of the Study

- The rationale, timeliness and/or relevance of the study

- Possible solutions to existing problems or improvement to unsatisfactory conditions
- Who are the beneficiaries of the study and how they are going to be benefited
- Possible contribution to the fund of knowledge
- Possible implications of the study


G. Scope and limitations

Indicate what you intend to do, and what you are not going to attempt. You may limit the scope
of your paper by any number of factors, for example, time, personnel, gender, age, geographic
location, nationality, and so on.

- Should include the following:

o A brief statement of the general purpose of the study
o The subject matter and topics studied and discussed
o The locale of the study, where the data were gathered or the entity to which the data
o The population from which the respondents were selected
o Period of the study
- Include the weakness of the study beyond the control of the researcher
- Weaknesses spring out of the inaccuracies of the perceptions of the respondents


H. Operational definition

- The term operational definition refers to a precise statement of how a conceptual variable is
turned into a measured variable.
- establishes a term by describing the set of manipulations necessary to create the presence of
the object or by describing the measuring operations which identify the terms presence.