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MAINTENANCE TEMPERATURE t1 130 °C

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE ta 3 °C
INSULATION THICKNESS 1ST LAYER l1 55 MM
0.055 M
INSULATION THICKNESS 2NDT LAYER l2 25 MM
0.025 M
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY 1ST LAYER k1 0.04 W/mk
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY 2ND LAYER k2 0.023 W/mk
FILM CONDUCTANCE f 10.2208 W/m²k

HEAT LOSS 41 W/m²

t2 73.625

ts 29.05978

ta 25.04835
Maintenance Temperature Tm 130
Ambient Temperature Ta 3
Pipe Size NB 150
Pipe O.D. D1 168.275
INSULATION THK. 1ST LAYER t1 55
INSULATION THK. 2nd LAYER t2 25
INSULATED PIPE O.D CONSIDERING 1ST LAYER D2 278.275
INSULATED PIPE O.D CONSIDERING 2ND LAYER D3 328.275
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY FOR 1ST LAYER K1 0.0445
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY FOR 2ND LAYER K2 0.0258
HORIZ. PIPE CONST. (C1) 5.29
CONSTANT (C3) 0.266
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY AIR FILM TEMP. (Kf) 0.02
WIND VELOCITY (v) 50
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY OF AIR FILM TEMP. (vf) 0.000011
CONSTANT (n) 0.805000
PRANDTL NO. FOR AIR FILM TEMP. (Pr) 0.72
STEFAN-BOLTZMAN CONSTANT (σ) 0.0000001
CONSTANT CONVERTING TEMP. TO ABS. TEMP. (To) 273
FOR INNER SURFACE
EMISSIVITY (ε) 0.9
SURFACE TEMP. OF CYLINDER (T1) 80
TEMP. OF SURROUNDING CYLINDER (T2) 70
INSIDE AIR-CONTACT COEFFICENT (hi) 13.5839755868
OUTSIDE AIR-CONTACT COEFFICENT (hco) 27.8547270281
OUTSIDE AIR FILM COEFFICENT (ho) 649.1305290478

Q= Tm - Ta
1 + LN D2/D1 + LN D3/D2 + 1 + 1
πD1hi 2πK1 2πK2 πD3hco πD3ho

A B C D E

A= 0.0001392527
B= 1.7990241276
C= 1.0193432318
D= 0.0000348
E= 0.00000149376

THERFORE Q = 45.0587426747

T1 = Tm - (Q X A) 129.99
T2 = T1 - (Q X B) 48.93
T3 = T2 - (Q X C) 3.00

MEAN TEMP. FOR T1 = Tm+T1 / 2 130.00


MEAN TEMP. FOR T2 = T1+T2 / 2 89.46 °c
MEAN TEMP. FOR T3 = T2+T3 / 2 25.97
°C
°C
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

W/m°C
m/s
m²/s

W/m².°K²*²
°C
FOR OUTSIDE AIR LAYER FOR OUTSIDE AIR FILM
0.9 0.11
36 26
26 16
W/m².°C
W/m².°C
W/m².°C
1.13

50 0.43 0.380531
100 0.52 0.460177
0.0445 150 0.62 0.548673
0.0258 200 0.73 0.646018
250 0.84 0.743363
300 0.95 0.840708

50 0.03
10 0.023
NB O.D
NB (in)
(mm) (mm)
10 0.25 12.70
15 0.50 21.34
20 0.75 26.67
25 1.00 33.53
32 1.25 42.00
40 1.50 48.26
50 2.00 60.33
65 2.50 73.03
80 3.00 88.90
100 4.00 114.30
125 5.00 141.30
150 6.00 168.28
200 8.00 219.08
250 10.00 273.05
300 12.00 323.85
350 14.00 355.60
400 16.00 406.40
450 18.00 457.20
500 20.00 508.00
550 22.00 558.86
600 24.00 610.00
650 26.00 660.00
700 28.00 711.00
750 30.00 762.00
800 32.00 812.80
900 36.00 900.00
1000 40.00 1010.00

1100 44.00 1100.00

1200 48.00 1219.00


1300 52.00 1300.00
1400 56.00 1422.40
1450 58.00 1473.20
1500 60.00 1524.00
1550 62.00 1574.80
1600 64.00 1625.60
JOB NO - 13-228
CUSTOMER - M/S. IOCL
PROJECT - CFO - PANIPAT REFINERY
SUBJECT - HEAT LOSS AS PER IEEE 515 2004
ANNEXURE - 1
INPUT DATA
Pipe Size NB 150 mm
Pipe O.D. D1 168.275 mm
Maintenance Temperature Tm 130 °C
Ambient Temperature Ta 3 °C
Design Margin 10 %
INSULATION THK. 1ST LAYER t1 55 mm
INSULATION THK. 2nd LAYER t2 25 mm
INSULATED PIPE O.D CONSIDERING 1ST LAYER D2 278.275 mm
INSULATED PIPE O.D CONSIDERING 2ND LAYER D3 328.275 mm
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY FOR 1ST LAYER K1 0.05 W/m° k
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY FOR 2ND LAYER K2 0.027 W/m° k
HORIZ. PIPE CONST. (C1) 1.32
CONSTANT (C3) 0.0266
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY AIR FILM TEMP. (Kf) 0.0228 W/m°C
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY OF AIR FILM TEMP. (vf) 0.000011 m²/s
CONSTANT (n) 0.805000
PRANDTL NO. FOR AIR FILM TEMP. (Pr) 0.72
STEFAN-BOLTZMAN CONSTANT (σ) 0.0000001 W/m².°K²*²
CONSTANT CONVERTING TEMP. TO ABS. TEMP. (To) 273 °C
FOR INNER SURFACE FOR OUTSIDE AIR LAYER FOR OUTSIDE AIR FILM
EMISSIVITY (ε) 0.9 0.9 0.11
SURFACE TEMP. OF CYLINDER (T1) 130 15.07 8.89
TEMP. OF SURROUNDING CYLINDER (T2) 124.13 8.89 3
INSIDE AIR-CONTACT COEFFICENT (hi) 13.6382 W/m².°C
OUTSIDE AIR-CONTACT COEFFICENT (hco) 6.6398 W/m².°C

OUTSIDE AIR FILM COEFFICENT (ho) 6.9773 W/m².°C


WORKING

Q= Tm - Ta
1 + LN D2/D1 + LN D3/D2 + 1 + 1
πD1hi 2πK1 2πK2 πD3hco πD3ho

A B C D E AMB. 3°C

Tm - Ta = 127 diff. temp. 130 °C T0


A= 0.139 hi PIPE 124.13°C T1
B= 1.601 1st layer 56.32°C T2
C= 0.974 2nd layer AIR GAP 15.07°C T3
MW
D= 0.146 hco 8.89°C T4
E= 0.139 ho PIC
AIR FILM
THERFORE Heat Loss Q = 42.349 w/m
heat loss with design margin Q= 46.58 w/m

T1 = Tm - (Q X A) 124.13 THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY DATA


T2 = T1 - (Q X B) 56.32 LRB
T3 = T2 - (Q X C) 15.07 TEMP °C IS STD 8183 : 1993
T4 = T3 - (Q X D) 8.89 50 0.043
T5 = T4 - (Q X E) 3.00 100 0.052
MEAN TEMP. FOR MW = T1+T2 / 2 90.22 °c 150 0.062
MEAN TEMP. FOR PIC = T2+T3 / 2 35.69 °c 200 0.073
250 0.084
300 0.095
BASED ON IS STD'S BASED ON MFR. DATA PIC
thermal conductivity of MW @ mean temp 0.050 0.048 TEMP °C IS STD 12436 : 1988
thermal conductivity of PIC @ mean temp 0.027 0.0000 50 0.03
10 0.023
JOB NO - 13-228
CUSTOMER - M/S. IOCL
PROJECT - CFO - PANIPAT REFINERY
SUBJECT - HEAT LOSS AS PER IEEE 515 2004
ANNEXURE - 1
INPUT DATA
Pipe Size NB 20 mm
Pipe O.D. D1 26.67 mm
Maintenance Temperature Tm 130 °C
Ambient Temperature Ta 3 °C
Design Margin 10 %
INSULATION THK. 1ST LAYER t1 40 mm
INSULATION THK. 2nd LAYER t2 0 mm
INSULATED PIPE O.D CONSIDERING 1ST LAYER D2 106.67 mm
INSULATED PIPE O.D CONSIDERING 2ND LAYER D3 106.67 mm
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY FOR 1ST LAYER K1 0.046 W/m° k
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY FOR 2ND LAYER K2 0.024 W/m° k
HORIZ. PIPE CONST. (C1) 1.32
CONSTANT (C3) 0.0266
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY AIR FILM TEMP. (Kf) 0.0228 W/m°C
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY OF AIR FILM TEMP. (vf) 0.000011 m²/s
CONSTANT (n) 0.805000
PRANDTL NO. FOR AIR FILM TEMP. (Pr) 0.72
STEFAN-BOLTZMAN CONSTANT (σ) 0.0000001 W/m².°K²*²
CONSTANT CONVERTING TEMP. TO ABS. TEMP. (To) 273 °C
FOR INNER SURFACE FOR OUTSIDE AIR LAYER FOR OUTSIDE AIR FILM
EMISSIVITY (ε) 0.9 0.9 0.11
SURFACE TEMP. OF CYLINDER (T1) 130 18.2 10.37
TEMP. OF SURROUNDING CYLINDER (T2) 111.53 10.37 3
INSIDE AIR-CONTACT COEFFICENT (hi) 13.6642 W/m².°C
OUTSIDE AIR-CONTACT COEFFICENT (hco) 8.0550 W/m².°C

OUTSIDE AIR FILM COEFFICENT (ho) 8.5590 W/m².°C


WORKING

Q= Tm - Ta
1 + LN D2/D1 + LN D3/D2 + 1 + 1
πD1hi 2πK1 2πK2 πD3hco πD3ho

A B C D E AMB. 3°C

Tm - Ta = 127 diff. temp. 130 °C


T0
A= 0.873 hi 112.64°C T1
PIPE
B= 4.796 1st layer 17.3°C
T2
C= 0.000 2nd layer AIR GAP 9.93°C
T3
D= 0.370 hco MW

E= 0.349 ho AIR GAP


AIR FILM
THERFORE Heat Loss Q = 19.879 w/m
heat loss with design margin Q= 21.87 w/m

T1 = Tm - (Q X A) 112.64 THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY DATA


T2 = T1 - (Q X B) 17.30 LRB
T3 = T2 - (Q X D) 9.93 TEMP °C IS STD 8183 : 1993
T4 = T3 - (Q X E) 3.00 50 0.043
100 0.052
MEAN TEMP. FOR MW = T1+T2 / 2 64.97 °c 150 0.062
200 0.073
250 0.084
300 0.095
BASED ON IS STD'S BASED ON MFR. DATA PIC
thermal conductivity of MW @ mean temp 0.046 0.044 TEMP °C IS STD 12436 : 1988
0.0158 50 0.03
10 0.023