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𝒚𝟐 = 𝒙

(𝒚 + 𝜹𝒚)𝟐 = 𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙

𝒚𝟐 + 𝟐𝒙𝜹𝒚 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟐 = 𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙

𝒚𝟐 + 𝟐𝒚𝜹𝒚 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟐 − 𝒚𝟐 = 𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙 − 𝒙

𝟐𝒚𝜹𝒚 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟐 = 𝜹𝒙

𝟐𝒚𝜹𝒚 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟐 𝜹𝒙

=

𝜹𝒙𝜹𝒚 𝜹𝒙𝜹𝒚

𝟏 𝟏

(𝟐𝒚 + 𝜹𝒚) =

𝜹𝒙 𝜹𝒚

𝜹𝒚

(𝟐𝒚 + 𝜹𝒚) = 𝟏

𝜹𝒙

𝜹𝒚

𝐥𝐢𝐦 ∙ 𝐥𝐢𝐦 (𝟐𝒚 + 𝜹𝒚) = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟏

𝜹𝒙→𝟎 𝜹𝒙 𝜹𝒚→𝟎 𝜹𝒙→𝟎

𝒅𝒚

∙ 𝟐𝒚 = 𝟏

𝒅𝒙

𝒅𝒚 𝟏

=

𝒅𝒙 𝟐𝒚

𝒅𝒚 𝟏

=

𝒅𝒙 𝟐√𝒙

𝟏

𝒚 = (𝒙𝟐 + 𝟏)𝟒

𝒚𝟒 = 𝒙𝟐 + 𝟏

(𝒚 + 𝜹𝒚)𝟒 = (𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙)𝟐 + 𝟏

(𝒚 + 𝜹𝒚)𝟒 − 𝒚𝟒 = (𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙)𝟐 + 𝟏 − (𝒙𝟐 + 𝟏)

𝒚𝟒 + 𝟒𝒚𝟑 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟔𝒚𝟐 (𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + 𝟒𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟑 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟒 − 𝒚𝟒

= 𝒙𝟐 + 𝟐𝒙(𝜹𝒙) + (𝜹𝒙)𝟐 + 𝟏 − (𝒙𝟐 + 𝟏)

𝟒𝒚𝟑 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟔𝒚𝟐 (𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + 𝟒𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟑 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟒 = 𝟐𝒙𝜹𝒙 + (𝜹𝒙)𝟐

𝟒𝒚𝟑 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟔𝒚𝟐 (𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + 𝟒𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟑 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟒 𝟐𝒙𝜹𝒙 + (𝜹𝒙)𝟐

=

𝜹𝒙 𝜹𝒙

𝟒𝒚𝟑 + 𝟔𝒚𝟐 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟒𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟑 𝟐𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙

=

𝜹𝒙 𝜹𝒚

𝜹𝒚

(𝟒𝒚𝟑 + 𝟔𝒚𝟐 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟒𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟑 ) = 𝟐𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙

𝜹𝒙

𝜹𝒚

𝐥𝐢𝐦 ∙ 𝐥𝐢𝐦 [𝟒𝒚𝟑 + 𝟔𝒚𝟐 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟒𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟑 ] = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 (𝟐𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙)

𝜹𝒙→𝟎 𝜹𝒙 𝜹𝒚→𝟎 𝜹𝒙→𝟎

𝒅𝒚 𝒅𝒚 𝟐𝒙

𝟒𝒚𝟑 = 𝟐𝒙 → = 𝟑

𝒅𝒙 𝒅𝒙 𝟒𝒚

𝒅𝒚 𝟐𝒙 𝟐𝒙

= =

𝒅𝒙 𝟏 𝟑 𝟑

(𝟒(𝒙𝟐 + 𝟏)𝟒 ) 𝟒(𝒙𝟐 + 𝟏)𝟒

1

𝑦 = (𝑥 + 2)6

1

1 3

𝑦 = ((𝑥 + 2)2 )

1

𝑦 3 = (𝑥 + 2)2

𝟏

(𝑦 + 𝜹𝒚)𝟑 = (𝑥 + 𝜹𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐

𝟏

𝑦 3 + 3𝑦 2 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟑𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟑 = (𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐

𝟏 𝟏

𝑦 3 + 3𝑦 2 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟑𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟑 − 𝒚𝟑 = (𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐 − (𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐

(𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙 + 𝟐) − (𝒙 + 𝟐)

3𝑦 2 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟑𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟑 = 𝟏 𝟏

(𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐 + (𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐

𝜹𝒙

3𝑦 2 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟑𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟑 = 𝟏 𝟏

(𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐 + (𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐

3𝑦 2 𝜹𝒚 + 𝟑𝒚(𝜹𝒚)𝟐 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟑 𝜹𝒙

= 𝟏 𝟏

𝜹𝒚 𝜹𝒙

𝜹𝒚 𝜹𝒙 [(𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐 + (𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐 ]

3𝑦 2 + 3𝑦𝜹𝒚 + (𝜹𝒚)𝟐 𝟏

= 𝟏 𝟏

𝜹𝒙

𝜹𝒚 [(𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐 + (𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐 ]

𝛿𝑦 1

[3𝑦 2 + 3𝑦𝛿𝑦 + (𝛿𝑦)2 ] = 𝟏 𝟏

𝛿𝑥

(𝒙 + 𝜹𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐 + (𝒙 + 𝟐)𝟐

𝛿𝑦 1

lim lim [3𝑦 2 + 3𝑦𝛿𝑦 + (𝛿𝑦)2 ] = lim 1 1

𝛿𝑥→0 𝛿𝑥 𝛿𝑦→0 𝛿𝑥→0

(𝑥 + 𝛿𝑥 + 2)2 + (𝑥 + 2)2

𝑑𝑦 1 1 1

3𝑦 2 = 1 = 1 = 1

𝑑𝑥

2(𝑥 + 2)2 (3𝑦 2 )2(𝑥 + 2)2 6𝑦 2 (𝑥 + 2)2

𝑑𝑦 1 1 1

= 1 1 = 2 1 = 5

𝑑𝑥

6[(𝑥 + 2

2) ]6 (𝑥 + 2)2 6(𝑥 + 2)6+2 6(𝑥 + 2)6

𝑑𝑦 1 5

= (𝑥 + 2)−6

𝑑𝑥 6

1

= sec 𝐴 − tan 𝐴

sec 𝐴 + tan 𝐴

1 1 1 cos 𝐴

= = =

sec 𝐴 + tan 𝐴 1 sin 𝐴 1 − sin 𝐴 1 − sin 𝐴

−

cos 𝐴 cos 𝐴 cos 𝐴

cos 𝐴 (1 + sin 𝐴) cos 𝐴 (1 + sin 𝐴) cos 𝐴 (1 + sin 𝐴)

= = =

(1 − sin 𝐴)(1 + sin 𝐴) 1 − sin2 𝐴 cos 2 𝐴

1 + sin 𝐴 1 sin 𝐴

= = + = sec 𝐴 + tan 𝐴

cos 𝐴 cos 𝐴 cos 𝐴

1 sin 𝐴 1 − sin 𝐴 (1 − sin 𝐴)(1 + sin 𝐴)

sec 𝐴 − tan 𝐴 = − = =

cos 𝐴 cos 𝐴 cos 𝐴 cos 𝐴 (1 + sin 𝐴)

= = =

cos 𝐴 (1 + sin 𝐴) cos 𝐴 (1 + sin 𝐴) 1 + sin 𝐴

1 1 1 1

= = =

sec 𝐴 (1 + sin 𝐴) sec 𝐴 + sec 𝐴 sin 𝐴 sec 𝐴 + 1 sin 𝐴

cos 𝐴

1 1

= =

sin 𝐴 sec 𝐴 + tan 𝐴

secA +

cos 𝐴

Train A and B are at two different stations 100km apart. Train A took off at 10:30

am exactly and train B took off at 11:00 am with a speed of 10km/h faster than

train A. the two trains approached each other at a parallel track at exactly 1:00

pm. Find the speed and distance of each train at the time they met.

Solution

At the time they met the sum of the distance covered by both trains is equal to

100km.

𝑥 + 𝑦 = 100 … (1)

Speed of train A

𝑥 𝑘𝑚

2.5 ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑠

At the time they met train A has used 10: 30𝑎𝑚 − 1: 00𝑝𝑚 =

2 ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑠 30 𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑢𝑡𝑒𝑠.

𝑦𝑘𝑚

Speed train B =

2 ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑠

𝑦𝑘𝑚 𝑥𝑘𝑚

But − 10𝑘𝑚ℎ−1 = … (2)

2 ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑠 2.5 ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑠

𝑦 2𝑥

− 10 =

2 5

5𝑦 − 100 = 4𝑥

5𝑦 − 100 = 4(100 − 𝑦)

5𝑦 + 4𝑦 = 500

5

𝑦 = 55 𝑘𝑚

9

5 4

𝑥 = 100 − 55 = 44 𝑘𝑚

9 9

400

800 7

Speed of Train A= 9

5 = = 17 𝑘𝑚ℎ−1

45 9

2

500

500 7

Speed of train B= 9

= = 27 𝑘𝑚ℎ−1

2 18 9

𝑥

Speed of A = kmh^-1

2.5

100 – 𝑥

Speed of B =

2

𝑥 100 − 𝑥

+ 10 =

2.5 2

2𝑥 + 50 = 250 − 2.5𝑥

4.5𝑥 = 200

200 4

𝑥= = 44 km

4.5 9

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