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Are there ‘Principles of Computation in absiatt, general Waddle ack veal Venvons € circuits are tiaking use ef 7 TE yes, what? and how? Below, TL owtlne the shesry T het been working with Tm heping this Can Sart a Conversation Aboud how -» briday the divide between theory and bielogy ok, here. goes TL. sine out by maleng a fen assumptions np v a Population o£ Menvons Entede relia QQ OD Some put “NY a linene vedout decodes the population (a weightell Sam oF nenron. vespenses) We give His papulation a jeb to do: integrate everthing # Yers S that if SL gers, the network has te transform it into / OL Using a wachine-learning apploadh, We use an oplimizetion Protedure J P to Presiribe a Network Setup. First, We define an objective +e optimize on “A Se is LI She He hetwork is ( Ly + pn skal uh integrtng y teecgthnn, the readout bear enk up Netw has +o xy to be with something that Cosdy resembles mat about the # of an inten Version & tha input Spikes the mefwede wes = do its job “This Constraint has is vests in cacy theories of efficient Coding but that's tot the wile veason “or why as here Wut it, Unleical Hainys hago ~ lke a sigle nonron 2 boeng used fo represent ever sting —— — By optimizing the abeve objective, We got out a Rx fpr how to Set up a er do this opti (see bot if ypu'e veising your eyebrow) Now we can fill in the NetWork stactuve. Mewons Yeceive- iput that is weighted, x Ny Feteinaly ted wet Yecurrent Canhectivity promotes E/T balanced currents in each Neuron © Untke other models, the readont does Weed to give feedbace abut the population's Peformance. The veearvent Connectivity is Set up S that each nenron Can be infermed aber hetler it Shasdd spike er not Because of the efficiency Constraint, the neurons have Spike-frequenc 1 weqency | Wt | adeptation Bex 1 = The brain isnt optional, > Why bether with this approach? Lmagine the dpttive forms a landscape that, if gout lacey, Orly bas A dip. ‘then, He opti ~ twlation lives act ate Very bition of the dip and is surtoundel by all of He suboptimal salidons thet the Tein at benim is Booby getting aly with, The eptinal sin ig EN oar bese bet ad chacacteriting the Set of Suboptioal slations since their ‘slo eptivalty is defined Welative to what optimal The thing te Woery about, hravever, is Whether Weve defied, the correc landscape to eptimize ih FF stepinah laine To recap, all Ine done i alee same Very basic. assupptions, thon Speccfy the transformation T want the wetwerde do and the objective. With which 4+ perform that transformation optimally With +-hoit, T athernaticaly deviveA a. crevit network, and mo Lin lef trying, to yarke sense'of what Came, out of that This approach is really diferent frm the bind Twas used t where ohe Staras with the known Cicaait Components and comechvity and buills o Wedel from tere. Tt ook, me 0 lang time to weap iny head around this top-down, Horiative Benth, bot wow Hat I get 2, T think theres a lot + be done to Velate tt back ty Vek GvoHs Heres what I learned from this Medel 1. You world think thot adaptation tat suppresses neuvon vesputes AS a fonction of Jie recent spiking activity Wolk Le bad news fir the decoder Indeed We-found that the decoded veptesentation seers — Uakss Tecurremt Connectivity promotts €/E balance | Cando, Mul i) belanced eC omt Mm jot Wid Yecurrest Connectivity wor Vi Gannectinty PO 2. Having & fetorogevieeus Popation of hewons dhws the deaded. (eqtesentaction fo Le vebust -b the degrading