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Relic of Viorian jobbing printing. cf. old-style ﬁgure.
iixx–stroke which connects two
diﬀerent parts of a letter, also,
connection of text blocks.
iooi–stroke enclosing a counter.
xariix–metal mold for casting
type created by a strike from a
xiax iixi–parallel line half-
way between the baseline and
cap height. cf. x-height.
cioss nai–horizontal stroke
which encloses a counter.
cioss srioxi–horizontal stroke which may enclose a counter.
ciorcu–angle formed by the
joining of two strokes at
an acute angle.
oiscixoii–stroke which descends below the baseline.
oiacoxai–stroke inclined obliquely from the axis of the typeface.
forms a discrete vowel sound,
e.g. æ, or œ.
anicioaiiux–an alphabet book, (A is for apple, B is for Bear…)
accixr–a mark which indicates
a speciﬁc sound value, stress, or
pitch—resume and résumé are
two diﬀerent words.
aiiuanir–set of characters used to write language(s), esp. in order.
ref. F. W. Goudy, Tui Aiiuanir axo Eiixixrs oi Lirriiixc.
aiix–uppermost point of
two intersecting diagonals.
aicu–upper curved section.
aix–extending stroke which does not enclose a counter.
ascixoii–that part of a lowercase
character which extends above the
axis–the angle at which a character
naii–terminal so shaped.
nasiiixi–on which glyphs rest.
niax–single-sided serif, esp. one which extends as if to enclose an area.
noox–paper bound in a codex.
ref. Adrian Wilson’s
The Design of Books.
now–serif which reaches down as if to close an opening.
caiiiciaiuy–from the Greek for “beautiful writing,” attractive,
handwriting. ref. The Encyclopedia of Calligraphy Techniques.
cai uiicur–the height of the
capitals in a typeface design.
casrii–machine which casts type
for printing from matrices.
Cuaxciiy–Renaissance humanistic calligraphic hand which originated
in the Papal Chancery. ref. Carolyn Knudsen’s beautifully written
Ax Iraiic Caiiiciaiuy Haxonoox.
Coioiuox–ancient Ionian city.
Coiiiiiiari–eighteenth century calligraphic style done with a
pointed pen, with pressure used to modulate strokes and create variations
in width. Named for the engraving method used to reproduce the
writing manuals which popularized it. ref. Eleanor Winter’s
Masriiixc Coiiiiiiari Caiiiciaiuy: A Step-by-Step Manual.
couxrii–white space enclosed
within a letter form.
couxriiiuxcu–carved steel bar used to create counters in punches.
ref. Fred Smeijers, Couxriiiuxcu: making type in the :o·
designing typefaces now.
ioix–style or shape something takes. ref. Jan Tschichold’s
Tui Foix oi rui Boox: Essays on the Morality of Good Design.
representation of the quotient
of two numbers. Either case/
stacking, or with the enumerator
superscripted and the
denominator subscripted and
the two separated by a solidus
or fraction bar.
ciyiu–a particular character
(i.e. letter, number or
punctuation mark) in
a particular style.
iiiuxixario–a letter gilded with a precious metal, e.g. silver or gold.
A good manual on/ overview of them is Tui Iiiuxixario Aiiuanir
written by Patricia Seligman, with calligraphy by Timothy Noad.
iic–diagonal stroke projecting down from the center of a letter.
a sound of speech. ref.
Oscar Ogg’s The Letters.
iirriiixc–creation of letters by drawing. ref. Michael Harvey’s
Ciiarivi Lirriiixc Tooay (republication of several diﬀerent texts
including Calligraphy in the Graphic Arts as well as the classic,
Carving Letters in Stone and Wood, with new information on
digital design and typography, with hand-drawn screen shots).
iicaruii–two or more letters
joined together, either of necessity,
ﬁ, or for stylistic eﬀe. cf.
numerals with ascenders (oï)
and descenders (+¡s¬,).
oviiuaxc–amount by which rounded and pointed forms extend
beyond their normal line of measure so as to align optically.
siiii–small ﬁnishing stroke at the end or beginning of a letter stroke.
ref. Fr. Edward M. Catich’s Tui Oiicix oi rui Siiii.
siacixc–amount of separation betwixt two things. ref. Geoﬀrey
Dowding’s Finer Points in the Spacing and Arrangement of Type.
siixi/siiixi–main stroke which
forms the structure of a letter.
srix–a straight (more or less)
sriiss–the thick-thin contrast
and angle a typeface is set at.
iai–upper right serif of g.
ix–relative horizontal measure
usually equal to the height of
the type being used.
ix-oasu–a full stop dash which
is more-or-less one em long.
ix–one-half of an em.
ix-oasu–ﬁgure used to indicate
duration or a range.
iraoix suioiu–a mistake.
ioxr–one style and size of a
particular typeface design.
ioii-ioci–outside edge or
margin of a book page; i.e.
the edge opposite the spine.
mmortal phœnix, bird of ﬁre,
bend your wing to my desire;
Kindle ﬂame to quench my thir
’neath vaulted jail of Azrael’s pyre.
raii–ﬁnishing stroke at or
below the baseline.
riixixai–ﬁnish to a stroke.
ryiociaiuy–the art or craft of
setting type to enhance the text.
wiirixc–creation of letterforms
with individual pen strokes, as
opposed to drawing with built-
up strokes. ref. Edward Johnston’s
Writing, Illuminating and Lettering.
x-uiicur–the height of a
lowercase x. cf. mean line.
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