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News & UpdatesEthylene Process by Linde AG RECENT POSTS
Process Engineering Fundamental Orlando
Observation Wheel
To produce polymer-grade ethylene and
Safety Automation
RESOURCES propylene by thermal cracking of hydrocarbon
News fractions — from ethane through naphtha up to
hydrocracker residue. Byproducts are a
HFI IIoT Challenge
butadiene-rich C4 stream, a C6 – C8 gasoline
stream rich in aromatics and fuel oil. Autotuning PID –
Noise and

Autotuning PID –
Step Tests
Fresh feedstock and recycle streams are
preheated and cracked in the presence of
dilution steam in highly selective PyroCrack
furnaces (1). PyroCrack furnaces are optimized
with respect to residence time, temperature and Compressors

pressure profiles for the actual feedstock and Gas

the required feedstock flexibility, thus achieving Petrochemical

the highest olefin yields. Furnace effluent is Share

cooled in transfer line exchangers (2), generating

HP steam, and by direct quenching with oil for
liquid feedstocks.

The cracked gas stream is cooled and purified in

the primary fractionator (3) and quench water
tower (5). Waste heat is recovered by a
circulating oil cycle, generating dilution steam (4)
and by a water cycle (5) to provide heat to
reboilers and process heaters. The cracked gas
from the quench tower is compressed (6) in a 4-
or 5-stage compressor and dried in gas and
liquid adsorbers (8). CO2 and H2S are removed
in a caustic-wash system located before the final
compressor stage.

The compressed cracked gas is further cooled (9)

and fed to the recovery section: front-end
deethanizer (10), isothermal front-end C2
hydrogenation (11), cold train (12), demethanizer
(13) and the heatpumped low-pressure ethylene
fractionatior (14), which is integrated with the
ethylene refrigeration cycle. This well-proven
Linde process is highly optimized, resulting in
high flexibility, easy operation, low energy
consumption, low investment costs and long
intervals between major turnarounds (typically
five years).

The C3 from the deethanizer bottoms (10) is

depropanized (15), hydrogenated (16) to remove
methyl acetylene and propadiene (16) and
fractionated to recover polymer grade
propylene. C4 components are separated from
heavier components in the debutanizer (18) to
recover a C4 product and a C5 stream. The C5,
together with the hydrocarbon condensates
from the hot section, forms an aromatic rich
gasoline product.

Licensor: Linde AG

Categories: Petrochemical | Tags: Ethylene |

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