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FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF

MIX-TANK RAFTERS
Contents
1.0 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................... 2

1.1 SOFTWARE USED ................................................................................................................................... 2

2.0 INPUTS DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................ 3

2.1 MATERIAL PARAMETERS ........................................................................................................... 3

2.2 ANALYSIS DETAILS ..................................................................................................................... 3

2.3. FAILURE MODES CONSIDERED ................................................................................................ 3

2.4 ACCEPTANCE ................................................................................................................................. 3

2.5 DESIGN PARAMETERS ................................................................................................................. 3

2.5.1 For Mix-Tank ................................................................................................................................. 3

3.0 MODEL DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................ 4

3.1 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................... 4

3.2 GEOMETRY AND BOUNDARY CONDITIONS .......................................................................... 5

3.3 MESH ................................................................................................................................................ 6

3.4 OPERATING CONDITION ............................................................................................................. 7

4.0 ANALYSIS RESULTS............................................................................................................................... 10

4.1 EQUIVALENT (VON-MISES) STRESS ....................................................................................... 10

4.2 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON ROOF PLATE ................................................................................ 11

4.3 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON INNER RING.................................................................................. 12

4.4 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON RAFTERS ....................................................................................... 13

4.5 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON COMPRESSION RING .................................................................. 14

4.6 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON PLATES .......................................................................................... 15

5.0 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA ........................................................................................................................ 16

6.0 VALIDATION ......................................................................................................................................... 16

6.1 STRESS SUMMARY ..................................................................................................................... 16

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1.0 INTRODUCTION

Finite element analysis of a Tank-Roof is performed. The stress developed due to the
design conditions are evaluated and compared with the allowable stress at design. Analysis is
performed to check whether roof structures is in allowable limit. In this analysis static structural
Finite Element Analysis (FEA) was used to obtain the results.

Mix-Tank Roof

1.1 SOFTWARE USED

ANSYS Workbench: - ANSYS WORKBENCH manages the solvers with the project
management tools necessary for the project workflow. In ANSYS WORKBENCH,
analyses are built as systems, which can be combined into a project. The project is driven
by a schematic workflow that controls the connectivity between the systems. Applications
that can be accessed from Workbench include: ANSYS DESIGN MODELER (for
geometry creation); ANSYS Meshing (for mesh generation); ANSYS STRUCTURAL

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(for setting up structural problems and solving) and ANSYS STRUCTURAL-POST (for
post processing the results).

2.0 INPUTS DESCRIPTION

2.1 MATERIAL PARAMETERS


1. Tank = SA 240-316L
Allowable stress (S) = 16679.3 psi
Young’s modulus = 290 x 105 psi
Poison ratio = 0.3
Density = 0.2836 lb/in3
Min. Tensile Strength = 70343.3 psi
Min. Yield Strength = 24656.4 psi

2.2 ANALYSIS DETAILS


1. Live load
2. Fixed Supports
2.3. FAILURE MODES CONSIDERED
1. Protection against plastics collapse, Elastic stress analysis method.
2.4 ACCEPTANCE
1. Stress Limits
The actual values of equivalent stress are compared with the allowable
values. Based on the comparison, actual is less than its allowable. Hence
the design is safe.

2.5 DESIGN PARAMETERS


2.5.1 For Mix-Tank
Design Pressure -
Live Load 100 lb\ft2

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3.0 MODEL DESCRIPTION

NAME OF SOFTWARE ANSYS

PRODUCT VERSION 14.0 RELEASE

3.1 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS


Stress Analysis by finite element method is obviously the best choice. Hence finite
element technique has been selected for analysis purpose. There are different types of
commercial FEM software’s available in market. ANSYS FEM software is one of the most
popular commercial software used for finite element analysis.

The objective of analysis was to check Equivalent stress of Roof and its structures for live load.
To study the stress levels, finite element-based stress analysis is carried out.

The study is conducted to determine whether the stress levels in the Roof plate and Rafters is
within the allowable limits. Hence the study is conducted using the following methodology.

3D model of Tank is created by using CREO 2.0.

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3.2 GEOMETRY AND BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

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3.3 MESH
Solid modelling was carried out in this analysis and converted to 3D mesh. In that 3D
mesh modelling, stress distribution was evaluated.

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3.4 OPERATING CONDITION

1. Roof Live load = 0.72519 psi (~100lb/ft2)

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2. Standard Earth gravity

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3. Fixed support

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4.0 ANALYSIS RESULTS

4.1 EQUIVALENT (VON-MISES) STRESS

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4.2 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON ROOF PLATE

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4.3 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON INNER RING

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4.4 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON RAFTERS

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4.5 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON COMPRESSION RING

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4.6 EQUIVALENT STRESS ON PLATES

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5.0 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

For Design Condition


Material Allowable stress

S (psi)
SA 240-316 16679.3

6.0 VALIDATION
6.1 STRESS SUMMARY

Calculated maximum stress


Allowable Stress
DESCRIPTION values from ANSYS report Results
(psi)
(psi)

Equivalent stress on
13141 16679.3 PASS
ROOF PLATE
Equivalent stress on
5492.6 16679.3 PASS
INNER-RING
Equivalent stress on
7450.2 16679.3 PASS
RAFTERS
Equivalent stress on
8122.5 16679.3 PASS
COMPRESSION-RING
Equivalent stress on
14882 16679.3 PASS
PLATES

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