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Cover story Health Business

Fall from Uganda’s celebrated Could 2018 be Uganda’s Banks 2018 Good 2018
bankers to 2018 bummers healthiest year? surprise economy

Issue No. 552 Dec. 21 - 27 2018 Ushs 5,000,Kshs 200, RwF 1,500, SDP 8

Most
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Reviewing events
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Dec. 21 - 27 2018
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Issue No. 552 Dec. 21 - 27 2018

News analysis Business Health Arts Motoring

Cover story
Fall of the legends
From Uganda’s celebrated bankers to 2018 bummers

4 The Week
30 Comments
Katureebe attends magistrates’
conference, speaks out on land inquiry Unlocking public wealth:
With professional, politically
independent management, a
9 The Last Word
country could earn from its
Museveni’s anti-graft crusade: commercial assets
Why the president’s efforts against
corruption may be politically appealing
32 Health
but are strategically of little value
Could 2018 be Uganda’s
healthiest year?: A look at
14 Analysis incidence of hemorrhagic fevers,
typhoid, HIV/AIDS, malaria
Torture in 2018: Justice Katureebe
pain and Bobi Wine’s pockets

35 Arts & Culture
27 Business
Sane’s white faces : How
Good 2018 economy: Economists still Africans become invisible on
question its impact on people’s pockets the global stage

STRATEGY & EDITORIAL DIRECTOR: Andrew M. Mwenda WRITERS:Ronald Musoke, Flavia Nassaka, Ian Katusiime,
MANAGING EDITOR: Joseph Were Agnes Nantaba, Julius Businge.
INVESTIGATIONS EDITOR: Haggai Matsiko DESIGN/LAYOUT: Sarah Ngororano
BUSINESS EDITOR: Isaac Khisa CARTOONIST: Harriet Jamwa
PHOTOGRAPHER: Jimmy Siya

PUBLISHER: Independent Publications Limited, Plot 82/84, Kanjokya Street, P. O. Box 3304, Kampala, Uganda
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2 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
Offline

Kimana, Kenya:
Traditional dancing
during the Maasai
Olympics, held by
conservation groups
led by Born Free every
two years since 2012.
The event offers Maasai “It’s sad that the commission is
warriors an alternative
to killing lions as part of comprised of judicial officers who think
their traditional rite of that it helps them to burn the same
passage. forest in which they reside”,Chief Justice
Bart Katureebe said while officiating at a
Magistrates’conference. He was referring to
claims by members of the Land Commission
of Inquiry that judicial officers are corrupt.
Panama City, Panama:
Revellers and musicians
perform during a
Christmas parade

Port-au-Prince, Haiti:
General view of the
high density of houses
in the neighborhood
of Jalousie, in the
commune of Petion Ville- “Abdullah Kitatta and has a case to
On the hills of Port-au- answer”,Lt. Gen Andrew Gutti Chairman of
Prince, a chaotic jumble the General Court Martial said on Dec.17 that
of structures stretches the patron of Boda Boda 2010 Association
ever farther into the
distance. Jalousie is a and nine of his co-accused should prepare
poor neighborhood of their defense against charges of unlawful
the capital which lacks possession of fire arms and military equipment.
sanitation and potable
water.

“I have talked to the Chief Justice
and we are going to close the gap
that land lords have been using
through courts. That game of using
courts is going to stop”, President
Museveni while handing over 300 mailo
land tittles to Bibanja holders.

the number of new students who passed exams of the votes garnered by the National

11 139 191
courses Kyambogo over 800 who sat to finish the bar Trade Unions (NOTU)’s
University has introduced course at the Law Development Wilson Usher Owere to retain
in its Faculty of Engineering. Center in Makerere. seat as the Chairman General.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 3
week

Katureebe attends magistrates’ conference, speaks out on land inquiry
The Chief Justice Bart Katureebe on their side of the story as they too deserve sion, Katureebe promised that an investiga-
Dec.14 officiated at the annual magistrates’ a fair hearing. He noted that as a student tion will be held and appropriate disciplin-
conference held in Kampala. While there, of land law he commends the work of the ary action taken.
Katureebe urged the on-going Commission commission but it was unfortunate that he In his end of year message to the judi-
of Inquiry into land issues chaired by Justice was being cited as one of those blocking the ciary, he said magistrates should instead of
Catherine Bamugemereire to straighten up inquiry from fully carrying out their opera- using strikes as a way of airing their griev-
a few things. tions. ances consider dialogue with authorities.
He said in a number of cases before the Acknowledging that he had received a The magistrates early this year went on
commission, judicial officers have been dossier with names of judicial officers who strike over poor pay something that affected
accused of being corrupt without hearing were disrupting the work of the commis- administration of justice.

Lusanja evictions illegal, court Calls for increased budget for research
On Dec.14, court ruled that an eviction as innovators’ week ends
of hundreds of people from a 75-acre piece
of land in Lusanja village in Mpererwe on
the outskirts of Kampala was illegal. In his
judgment, High Court Judge John Eudes
Keitirima ruled the Chief Magistrates Court
at Nabweru that ordered this eviction had no
jurisdiction to handle the case. The eviction
effected in October by a gang of armed men
was ordered by a one Medard Kiconco who
claims to be the rightful owner of the land.
In his ruling, the judge said it was a
responsibility of Kiconco and his lawyers to
provide the estimated value of structures that
he was seeking to demolish in order for the
trial court to determine whether it was within The Deputy Speaker, Jacob Oulanyah “The Ministry responsible for this
the ambit of the court’s pecuniary jurisdiction attended the closure of a weeklong sci- should take the initiative and make the
to order. He added that there was no effective ence, technology and innovation exhibi- appropriate proposals so that funding
service affected on the complainants and that tions at parliament on Dec.14. He said can be set aside to make these ideas come
if the trial chief magistrate had visited the that while there are appropriate policies to fruition. We need a data bank for inno-
disputed land, affected parties would have and laws to support works of innovators vation,” Oulanyah said.
been alerted that someone had sued them. in the country, there aren’t enough funds The Chairperson of the parliamentary
Before this court ruling, affected residents put aside for research and development. committee on Science, Technology and
had petitioned the speaker of parliament that Oulanyah said that innovators have Innovation Fred Bwino Kyakulaga said
they had wrongfully been evicted something enormous potential which can be boosted that the exhibitors at the event would be
that prompted the Attorney General William by more investment support making the engaged deeply, to generate a report with
Byaruhanga to make a presentation on it. Later ventures fruitful which in turn leads to clear recommendations to government.
he told parliament that the exercise was marred scientific advancement on a local level. At the closure of the exhibition, Oulan-
by a lot of irregularities and that the security Headded that there was urgent need to yah awarded certificates of participation
officials who were involved under disciplinary review the existing laws that regulate to best exhibitors – the Presidential Initia-
action. Now, area MP – Kyaddondo East innovation in a bid to eliminate what tive on Banana Development, School of
Robert Kyagulanyi is planning to sue he termed as outdated provisions that Food Science, Nutrition and Technology
government over aiding this illegal eviction. impede the development of innovation at Makerere University.
and technology.

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4 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
Week

Reggae made it to
the global cultural
heritage list
UNESCO, a cultural agen-
cy of the United Nations,
added reggae music to a
list of international cultural
treasures. The declaration,
according to a news agency
Reuters came during a
meeting in Paris where they
agreed that the Jamaican
music that spread across the
world with its calls for social
justice, peace and love must
be safe-guarded. Born in
Bobi wine barred from performing at Jinja concert the poor neighbourhoods of
Kingston in the 1960s, reg-
Singer and Member of Parliament Kyaddondo them- Arua is still fresh in our minds, and we know gae reflected hard times and
East Robert Kyagulanyi Bobi wine was treated to what they can do”, Kyagulanyi later wrote on his struggle but could also be
a warm welcome to Jinja on Dec. 14. As he and show media after news of his disappearance started joyous dance music with its
musician colleague Nubian Lee drove into town to make rounds, “Uganda Police what a shame that distinctive off-beat.
they were greeted with chants and a following of you constantly allow yourselves to be used to break It’s most famous song-
crowds that he would occasionally rise and wave at the law”. writer and performer, the
through his open roofed car until he reached City Earlier in October after the launch of his late Bob Marley, became a
hotel where he was supposed to rest from ahead of Kyarenga concert, the police had said that the global superstar with hits
a show that evening. He was with other artistes to singer will not appear on any other show because like No Woman, No Cry
perform at a music show that happened at a popular he uttered statements that were inciting violence and Get Up, Stand Up.
spot – Queens’ Palace. But, he didn’t make it after and that he was under investigation. Other notables include
security forces put the hotel under siege and ordered Later that evening, the music show was allowed Jimmy Cliff and Toots and
his team out of town. to go on with a number of musicians performing. the Maytalls.
“I am still in Jinja town. The police are looking for By Press time, the young legislator had travelled Artists such as the Clash
me everywhere. They have even blocked some roads back to Kampala. incorporated its chunky beat
in search for me! I will try not to avail myself to and its politics into their
own music, bringing it to a
wider audience. It caught on
80% fail LDC final exam from Britain to Brazil and
Africa. “Its contribution to
Results of lawyers Nigel Othembi while 4% Othembi says once the 75% international discourse on
graduating from the Law totally failed and will have to sit for them, the number of issues of injustice, resistance,
Development Center (LDC) repeat the course, 75% have those leaving the center and love and humanity under-
were released on Dec.12 supplementary papers to do are able to represent clients scores the dynamics of the
showing 20% of the over 800 in order for them to qualify. in court will raise saying element as being at once
that sat for the final exams to The date when the he can’t flag this year’s cerebral, socio-political, sen-
have passed. According to supplementary papers will be performance as the worst. sual and spiritual,” UNES-
the Center’s Director Frank done has not yet been set but CO said in a statement.

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Dec. 21 - 27 2018 5
Week
30 university students train in
robotics, artificial intelligence
Thirty students from Makerere and Kyambogo
Universities acquired skills in science and technol-
ogy through a programme called ‘The Silver Bullet
Student Development Program (SDP) 2018’ held in
Kampala on Dec.14. The program set out to strength-
en the science, technology, engineering and innova-
tion workforce by up skilling through supplemental
activities, school outreach and university after-school
training programs. “This program provides stu-
dents with practical and applicable skills allowing
them to apply the theories they have been taught in
Musisi's final day at office school in a fun and interesting way,” said Maryanne
Karamagi, the executive director of Silver Bullet. He
Musisi bids farewell added that this supplements the national curriculum
whilst advocating for a revision to existing curricula
Outgoing Executive Director Kam- “We receive the office as handed to allow inclusion of subjects like robotics which
pala City Council Authority (KCCA), over by Jennifer Musisi, but with a motivate young people to be excited about engineer-
Jennifer Musisi handed over office on rider. The rider is that His Excellency ing and science careers. Prof. Ayorkor Kosah, the
Friday a day before Dec.15 a day she has not yet accepted Jennifer Musisi’s head of the Computer Science Department at Ashesi
had set as her last day in that position notice of resignation,” she said add- University Ghana said at a public lecture held in
when she tendered in her resignation ing that technically it means he has Kampala on Dec.14 that in a rapidly transforming
in October. not yet accepted it or has not yet world, subjects such as robotics needed to be intro-
Minister for Kampala Betty Kamya found a replacement. duced into the curriculum to allow young people the
who attended the handover said “I therefore, receive this office opportunity to be part of defining the future. “With
there was no replacement yet and that awaiting further instructions and advancements in technology leading us towards
the president had not yet responded guidance from His Excellency, the things like artificial intelligence, learning and educa-
to Musisi October 15th letter. President.” tion remain important,” Kosah said.

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6 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
Humour Did you know?
December Trivia & Facts
 December is the twelfth and
final month of the Gregorian
calendar. It derives its name
from the Latin word “decem”,
meaning 10, as December was
the tenth month of the oldest
Roman calendar. The Latin
name is derived from Decima,
the middle Goddess of the
Three Fates who personifies
the present.
 December was originally the
10th month in the Roman cal-
endar. The period of January
and February did not really
count as months, and the
The outgoing KCCA executive director Jennifer Musisi bid farewell to the Authority stuff on 14 Dec. Roman calendar was based on
a 304 day year, based on the
approximate lunar month of
29 1/2 days.
 The inventor of the 304 day
calendar was Romulus, twin
brother of Remus - the same
Romulus and Remus who
founded Rome aroung 800
B.C.
 The modern Santa Claus has
the image of the Holly king
who represented the Death
aspect of God in December.
The opposite of the Death
aspect was the aspect of
Rebirth which is likened to the
Divine Child’s birth. The myth
of the Holly King/Oak King
probably originated from the
Druids to whom these two
Former Executive Director of Bank of Uganda Justine Bagyenda trees were highly sacred.
applies for passport to travel for Christmas holiday.  Saint Nickolas, who would
eventually be called Santa
Claus, was originally the
patron saint of children,
thieves and pawnbrokers.
 The first artificial Christmas
tree was made in Germany,
fashioned out of goose feath-
ers that are dyed green.
 Common decorations on a
Christmas tree each have their
specific meanings. Candles
– the light of the world, the
Star at the top is a reminder of
the first Christmas night and
Candy canes are to represent
the Shepherd’s cane.
  “Jingle bells” was com-
posed in 1857, and not for
Christmas – it was meant
Opposition Forum for Democratic Change has fired most to be a Thanksgiving song!
of its top National Executive Committee members.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 7
review of 2018

Winners & inventors of 2018
Dec. 15 Dec.09 June 18 June 14 Sept.01 Sept 25
Miss Uganda Ugandan Uganda’s Brian Gitta Uganda’s
Quiin Abenakyo author wins Dr Amos won the Royal Former consultant
Wole Soyinka Nyathirombo Academy of KCCA ED Jen- pathologist,
was crowned nifer Musisi
Miss World Africa Prize for co-founds River Engineering’s and URA Dr Sylvester
at the 2018 Miss Literature blindness drug Africa Prize for Commissioner Onzivua
World finale in General, Doris
China. Quinn Ugandan Dr Nyathirom-
Matibabu Akolw on the led the investiga-
is the first Miss author and poet bo, 52, an eye spe- Africa Agent of tions a group of six
Brian
Uganda to make Harriet Anena cialist and lecturer Change award scientists to make a
Gitta, 24, won
it to the top 5 was on Dec.09 in the Department in recognition breakthrough about
the Royal
finalists. The Miss announced joint of Ophthalmology of their leader- Nodding Syndrome,
Academy of
World title went winner of the at Gulu University ship efforts. concluding the con-
Engineering’s
to Mexico’s Van- Wole Soyinka found a new more They received dition is a result of
Africa Prize
essa Ponce de Leon Prize for Litera- effective cure for the award at abnormal deposit of
for a device
with Thailand’s ture 2018 for her River Blindness The Women protein in the brains.
that detects
Nicolene Limsnu- poetry anthology drug. He was part Development They did a year-long
tell-tale signs
kan as first runner titled `A Nation of a team that did Centre, in Abu- research that involved
of malaria
up. Abenakyo was in Labour’ pub- a six-year research ja – Nigeria. multiple examinations
by shining
second runner up. lished in 2015. She under the World a red beam of brain tissues of
The 22-year old shared the prize Health Organisa- of light on children who died of
Bachelors of Busi- with Prof. Tanure tion. The United the patient’s Nodding Syndrome
ness Computing Ojaide. The Wole States Food and finger. This in northern Uganda.
graduate present- Soyinka Prize for Drug Adminis- is major win Prof Michael Pollanen
ed a beauty with a Literature, worth tration agency for a device from Forensic Pathol-
purpose project on US$10,000, is announced on which tests for ogy at the University
teenage pregnan- awarded every June 16 that it had malaria with- of Ontario was co-
cies in Uganda to two years to the approved Mox- out drawing leader with Onzivua
sway supporters best book written idectin 8 mg Oral blood. together with Dr
with her own story by an African. for the treatment of Janice Robertson, Dr
of being born pre- River Blindness. Paul M McKeever,
maturely and how and Gulu University’s
she considers her Prof. David Kitara,
survival a miracle. Dr. Francis Olwa and
Dr. Amanda Fong.

8 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
The Last Word Opinion

Museveni’s anti-graft crusade
By Andrew M. Mwenda
Why the president’s efforts against corruption may be
politically appealing but are strategically of little value

L
ast week, President Yoweri Museveni not a cause of it. of democracy and respect for human rights
launched an “anti-corruption unit” I am not suggesting that high levels of and prevalence of corruption. This is fash-
in his office. This is one in many corruption were responsible for America’s ionable nonsense. There is one factor that
efforts the president has tried and or South Korea’s or China’s high rates of underlies every country that has grown
failed in the last 32 years. The NRM’s Ten growth, even though I cannot rule that rich – it is its terms of trade (the relation-
Point Program had “fighting corruption” as one out. This historic evidence demon- ship between the prices at which it sells her
its number two priority. Yet Museveni has strates that the existence of corruption exports and the prices paid for its imports).
presided over the worst levels of corruption even at the highest levels of state does not It does not matter whether the country in
in our post-independence history. For our automatically stop a country from rapidly question is a democracy or a dictatorship, a
“analysts” this is because Museveni is a dis- transforming from poverty to riches. This is monarchy or a republic, corrupt or honest,
honest man. Nonsense! because the effects of corruption on growth etc. as long it has favourable terms of trade
Corruption is not a problem of Uganda depend on the context. over generations, its prosperity follows as
alone. Every leader in post-independence For example, if someone stole money night follows day.
Africa has come to power promising to fight meant for a hospital in Kumi and bought Authoritarian Saudi Arabia which keeps
it. Nearly all of them have ruled and left a luxury house in Kololo from an industri- its women in subjugation is many times
power being accused by their opponents alist; and the industrialist used that money richer than Africa’s leading democracies.
of perpetuating it. Corruption is structur- to build a firm that grows into a Samsung Apartheid South Africa grew to become the
ally obdurate in post-independence Africa or Apple, such corruption would have been most industrialised country in Africa while
because it is the currency of managing more productive than the hospital. We need excluding 70% of its black population from
power relations in poor agrarian societies. It only one in every ten thefts (the success rate all political and economic rights. Equatorial
acts as glue to hold together the often flabby of venture capital) for such money to get Guinea is the richest country in Africa in per
and heterogeneous coalitions of our multi into the right hands and transformation will capita income but has equally the most rep-
ethnic societies. Corruption also acts as a follow. Successful firms like Google, Apple, rehensible government on our continent.
weapon for opponents to fight incumbents Facebook and Microsoft relied on venture So if Africa devoted only 10% of the time,
because it has been constructed as morally capital to start. Their founders did not energy and money expended in preten-
revolting and is always given as an explana- investigate the original source of the funds tious fights against corruption to building
tion for (rather than a characteristic of) our because it was irrelevant. It is the innova- national firms/brands that can export high
poverty. tion, not the source of money that was fun- value manufactured goods and increase
Thus leaders across Africa have been damental to their success. national control over the commanding
placed in the difficult position of having to Many public investments have symbolic heights of her economies, our transforma-
rule by relying on corruption and then pre- humanitarian value but are economically tion would be possible. We are blind to our
tend to be fighting it. I do not know of any inefficient and less productive compared strategic needs (manufacturing and national
government in Africa today, with the sole to private investments. Therefore, the ownership) and focused all our energies on
exception of post genocide Rwanda, where diversion of resources from the benefit of inconsequential ones (democracy, corrup-
corruption is not the main engine of gov- many to use by a few may, in certain cir- tion and human rights). These latter issues
ernance. This is not a moral judgement on cumstances, be economically productive. If make good emotional appeal but contribute
those governments and leaders that preside public investments created more value than very little, if at all, to development.
over high levels of it. Rather it underlines private investments, communism would Where should Africa look? America
the fact that corruption and patronage are have created more prosperity than capi- industrialised with Ford, General Elec-
not just cost-efficient and cost-effective ways talism. Capitalism is based on the ethic of tric and General Motors; German with
of building electoral and governing coali- private greed, not common welfare. Mercedes Benz, Audi and BMW; France
tions in poor agrarian societies, they are also There is another example of context: if a with Citroen and Peugeot; Sweden with
the only affordable options. country has an excessively regulated busi- Volvo; Japan with Toyota, Honda and
Corruption as a moral problem would not ness environment but its bureaucracy is Nissan; South Korea with Samsung, Kia
have been as toxic as it is today if it was not dishonest in enforcing rules, then a bribe to and Hyundai etc. China is building her
given as the explanation for Africa’s pov- speed up business registration, issuing of an own brands. Equally Africa’s prosperity
erty. Yet there is no evidence that the exis- investment license etc. will act as the grease will depend almost entirely on us putting
tence of corruption in a country automati- that turns the wheels of investment and the most efforts on building local firms/
cally stifles development. Some of the most growth. So having an honest government brands especially in manufacturing high
successful nations like the United States is not a magic bullet to economic success, value exports and constructing our infra-
(19th century) South Korea (20th century) and however politically appealing that may be. structure. The rest are diversionary quarrels
China (21st century) have had extremely Equally, having a corrupt government is not and recriminations over irrelevant issues.
high levels of corruption during their a sentence to economic stagnation, however Happy New Year.
intense period of transformation from back- morally repugnant such corruption may be.
ward, poor agrarian societies to modern The African elite are locked up in false amwenda@independent.co.ug
affluent industrial nations. The lesson: cor- assumptions about the factors perpetuating
ruption is a characteristic feature of poverty, our poverty. They think it is due to absence

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 9
cover story

Mutebile Bagyenda Kasekende

Fall of the legends
From Uganda’s celebrated
bankers to 2018 bummers
By Haggai Matsiko

I
n 1991, some of the most powerful lion in the bank. Then in July 2011, Emirates central bank and strike fear in the managers
people in business and public office Link, an Abu Dhabi investment company of commercial banks.
In Uganda from western Uganda acquired 25% shares of the bank and its For taking action on a bank owned
jointly opened a bank. They called it owner, Ahmed Darwish Almarar, became by some of the most powerful people;
the Kigezi Bank of Commerce with Chairman of NBCU. Mutebile, Mbabazi, Rugunda, Muhwezi,
a commence capitalization of US$20 But these were turbulent times at NBCU Rukikaire, Nzeyi, Rugunda, and their
million. as minority shareholders squabbled with Arab tycoons, Bagyenda had showed that
They included none other than current majority shareholders about the direction of nobody in the sector is untouchable.
Governor of the Central Bank, Tumusiime the bank and the role of the new, powerful, Bagyenda’s power was again revealed
Mutebile. At the time, he was the permanent investors. in 2014 as BoU moved to takeover Global
secretary to the Ministry of Finance Plan- And that is when Bank of Uganda (BoU) Trust Bank over alleged mismanagement.
ning & Economic Development. Others Executive Director Supervision, Justine This bank had powerful external tentacles,
were tycoon Amos Nzeyi, current Prime Bagyenda, in March 2012 seized the oppor- including a former president of a foreign
Minister, Ruhakana Rugunda, retired tunity to assert her authority on the com- country, who even flew in to meet Presi-
Supreme Court judge, George Kanyei- mercial banking sector. dent Museveni. The shareholders assured
hamba, former Finance Minister, Ezra Museveni that they were willing to recapi-
Suruma, and former Information Minister Bagyenda’s power talise the bank and Museveni assured them,
and decorated bush war heroes, Maj. Gen. Bagyenda appointed a special advisor, GTB would be safe. Museveni was furi-
Jim Muhwezi, and Mathew Rukikaire. The Abbas Mawanda, to guide NBCU through ous and threatened to fire Bagyenda and
powerful Asian family; the Mukwanos the murky phase. Some of these actions Mutebile. They remained firm and later
injected in capital. prompted a run on the bank of sorts by convinced Museveni that the bank had to
A few years later, a Kenyan family apprehensive customers. be closed. Museveni nearly apologised to
of Asian descent called the Gidoomals Then on September 27, 2012, BoU took Bagyenda.
acquired 86% shareholding in the bank and, over NBCU and transferred its deposits and She became known for being tough on
along the way, it was renamed the National branches to Crane Bank. Court cases ensued bankers and was easily the most feared
Bank of Commerce Uganda (NBCU). Later, that left NBCU’s affairs in limbo. But from official both within the walls of BoU and
the Gidoomals sold their major stake to the ashes of NBCU, Bagyenda showed the throughout the financial sector.
other shareholders. In October 2009, inves- steel that had already earned her the moni- She could fire a bank chief executive
tors from Abu Dhabi, invested US$10 mil- ker of ‘Iron Lady’ within the corridors of the officer, a BoU official told this reporter. But

10 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
cover story
how did she do it? But more than all these, the biggest victim following a demand on the July.4, 2014
According to revelations from the on- of these scandals is likely to be the central to recapitalise the bank, the central bank
going investigation by parliament’s com- bank itself. Once seen as an island of integ- did not give them time to comply—it shut
mittee on Commissions, Statutory Authori- rity in Uganda’s government system largely down the Bank on July 25.
ties and State Enterprises (COSASE) into seen as corrupt, the central bank now finds “Highhanded, reckless and ill-motivated”
Bank of Uganda’s sale of assets of the seven itself heavily questioned and confidence in are the works Edu used to describe the
defunct banks, she did it recklessly, with it severely undermined. actions of the central bank officials.
impunity, and without following right pro- In a turn of events, BoU, which was once No bank employee could have used such
cedures. the hunter of fraudulent private bankers language to refer to the central bank offi-
She also might have enriched herself who risked jeopardising depositors’ funds, cials, at least not in reference to Bagyenda,
in the process, insiders claim. The Inde- now finds itself the hunted. before these scandals emerged.
pendent has learnt that in one incident, Yet the shareholders of NBCU too now
Governor Mutebile learnt about the sale of Pigs at Central Bank see Bagyenda in the same or worse light.
another bank in a phone call. In another, For many, nothing captures this situa- When COSASE asked about the minutes
Bagyenda simply placed a phone call to tion, albeit symbolically, as much as the on the sale of NBCU to Crane Bank, they
the buyer of a bank she had chosen. In yet Nov.05 dropping at BoU’s premises of were told the minutes did not exist. Bagy-
another case, she sold the bank 15 days piglets draped in placards with the pictures enda told the committee that there was no
before closing it. There is no record of nego- of Mutebile and Juma Kisaame, the man- official record detailing what transpired
tiations. Some critical documents are miss- aging director of DFCU bank, which BoU before and during the sale.
ing. These are some of the findings so far of hand-picked to acquire assets of the defunct When Katuntu pressed the former EDS
the on-going investigation by COSASE. Crane Bank. to explain to the committee what happened
As these cases reveal, the investigation In the past, piglets painted in yellow during the transaction in the absence of
is a climax of scandals that have rocked the colour—the colour of the ruling party an official record, Bagyenda turned to her
central bank violently bringing down its NRM—and tagged with names of certain former deputy; Ssekabira, who she referred
longstanding facade as an island of excel- legislators, have been dumped at parlia- to as the “one with a younger brain”, to
lence run by people of integrity. ment to protest the “greed” of legislators respond saying she did not remember the
It appears, however, that Bagyenda’s belonging to the ruling party. details.
actions had precedents that she had wit- This explains why the dumping of pigs “You see the crisis you have caused the
nessed even before she became BoU’s Direc- at BoU was seen as the lowest moment in nation,” an infuriated Katuntu charged,
tor of Commercial Banking in 2002. the history of the central bank and a major “You caused a crisis because you did not
She possibly was privy to how the BoU protest against its leadership over their do things the way they are supposed to be
took over Teefe Bank (1993), International mishandling of the financial sector. What done. Now we have to rely on brains that
Credit Bank Ltd (1998), Greenland Bank remains is the unveiling of the financial are younger. The problem, governor, is
(1999), and Co-operative Bank (1999), which price the taxpayer will pay for the wrongdo- that when people retire they retire with the
all appear to have been badly handled. So ing at BoU. information and when asked they say `I
she possibly did the same with the National In the case of Global Trust Bank, for don’t remember’.”
Bank of Commerce (2012), Global Trust example, the shareholders have learnt, four Of the loss of memory and bank records
Bank (2014), and Crane Bank (2016). years after their bank was gobbled, that could be feigned and a ploy to deny the
The mishandling of BoU’s takeover of BoU sold their bank without following due prosecution evidence. That was the view
banks being investigated by COSASE was procedure. They have learnt that Bagyenda when COSASE on Nov.20 kicked BoU
exposed by the September Auditor Gener- sold their bank 15 days even before the managers out of the hearing amidst allega-
al’s report, which details concerns over the central bank closed it. They are demanding tions that they were deliberately withhold-
way the seven defunct banks were closed compensation to a tune of over Shs300 bil- ing vital information on the movement of
and sold by the central bank. lion. assets, including cash, of some of the sold
More than anything in the history of Elias Edu, the former company secretary banks. Special mention was made of Bagy-
the central bank, the scandals that have for GTB told the COSASE committee that enda.
emerged out of these investigations have On his part, Ssekabira explained that NBCU
unmasked the once celebrated regulators of was facing a shortage of capital and battling
the country’s financial sector. a shareholder dispute, which threatened the
The most exposed officials at this point bank.
appear to be Bagyenda, who has since left He explained that the potential buyer
her post of Executive Director Banking of the bank was identified via phone calls
Supervision (EDS) and her former deputy between Bagyenda, BoU legal counsel
Benedict Ssekabira, who remains at the cen- Margaret Kaggwa, lawyers from MMAKS
tral bank. Advocates and former Crane Bank manag-
But the biggest victims of these scandals ing director A. R. Kalani.
are likely to be Governor Mutebile and his “When that decision was taken, the
deputy Louis Kasekende. The two have process to acquire an acquirer who would
even been asked to resign by, among others, give comfort to depositors to easily access
President Museveni’s handlers. their money was deployed in confidence.
For Mutebile who as Governor is directly That process was conducted on phone. All
responsible for supervising the EDS, the the other banks were shy; it is only Crane
question many are asking is; where were Bank that was strong enough to swallow
you when all this was happening? His NBC. Crane Bank was strong and willing to
deputy Kasekende faces the same question transact on this and we proceeded to write a
because he sits on the central bank’s board confidential agreement,” Ssekabira told the
that is supposed to play the oversight role committee.
over the actions of the central bank. Abdu Katuntu.  FILE PHOTO Bagyenda explained that after getting

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 11
cover story
the buyer, they drafted a confidential sale macroeconomic management, the BoU is

It is clear
agreement two weeks before the actual incompetent,” Mutebile said.
closure of NBCU. Bagyenda signed that With regard to supervision of banks, the

that all these
agreement on September 7, 2012. The right- Governor explained that the central bank
ful signatory should have been the governor had only intervened in three (NBC, Global

developments
– but so what? Trust, and Crane Bank) out of the 26 banks
Upon hearing the tale of the NBC sale, operating in Uganda.
Katuntu labeled the BoU to be “hawkers” of “The interventions of the BoU followed
NBC even before its closure.
“For you to start getting phones and call-
have dealt a the procedures set out in the banking laws;
the Financial Institutions Act,” Mutebile
ing people, there is a bank here, will you
buy it?’ Yet at this point you are neither a
severe blow said, “Because of prompt interventions by
the BoU, customers never lost any of their
statuary manager, you are neither a receiv-
er, neither are you a liquidator. That is noth-
to BoU’s most deposits in any of these banks.”
However, what is clear now is that BoU
ing other than hawking,” Katuntu said.
These sorts of revelations have only
valued assets never followed these banking laws and as
a result while customers never lost their
served up ammo for the shareholders of the deposits, they stand a risk of losing their
bank. One of Mbabazi’s daughters could money as taxpayers should the central bank
be seen taking notes as the committee pro- have to pay shareholders of the several
ceedings went on. The NBCU shareholders closed banks.
already took BoU to court over the manner Already, BoU spent a staggering Shs500
in which there bank was closed. The Inde- nated by the Board betrayed a clear lack of billion on Crane Bank before selling it to
pendent now understands that the revela- understanding of the established processes DFCU. They then sold assets of the same
tions before COSASE have further embold- within the BoU and with other stakeholders bank at Shs200 billion payable over several
ened the group to take on BoU. within Government regarding the Bank’s years. The taxpayer already lost hundreds
Both the GTB case and NBC case showed, mandate.” of billions on this transaction and risks los-
as Katuntu noted, that BoU did not use the He added that BoU and Government ing more should BoU lose the case with the
right procedures in selling these banks. Yet broadly “have in place robust systems that bank’s shareholders led by tycoon Sudhir
these are not the only cases, almost every ensure that we are all held to the highest Rupaleria.
case of a bank sold reveals major excesses possible levels of integrity”. Away from the banks, the Inspectorate of
and possible self-enrichment by BoU staff. “Decisions in the BoU are not taken by Government is investigating BoU officials
These revelations are also a major contra- individual staff on their own, but through over claims of ill-gotten wealth.
diction of what Governor Mutebile has told a committee structure and set policies and And President Museveni was forced to
the public in the past. procedures which have been established by convene another investigation led by Abdul
the Board of Directors,” Mutebile added. Katuntu, the chairman of COSASE to inves-
Mutebile lashes at The Independent Yet while appearing before COSASE, tigate a controversial Feb.8 staff reshuffle at
When The Independent first broke the BoU officials themselves have testified how BoU.
story of mismanagement at BoU, Mutebile they acted individually and flouted almost While Mutebile could have been right
wrote a lengthy article lambasting it. The all existing policies and procedures. in shuffling staff, the resultant in-fighting
Independent published the article detailing Mutebile also disputed claims that the at BoU that sucked in the IGG, and almost
the excesses by officials at BoU in its March BoU management was guilty of incompe- caused a near coup against him by the
30 – April 05, 2018 issue under the `Mutebile tence. He cited the central bank’s perfor- board, also hardly suggested that all was
versus Kasekende’. mance in relation to its core strategic objec- well at the central bank.
Mutebile responded immediately in an tives: controlling inflation and regulating Over all and as the year ends, it is
April article in Daily Monitor. He wrote that the banking sector to protect depositors and clear that all these developments have
“allegations that the Deputy Governor or the overall stability of the financial sector, dealt a severe blow to BoU’s most val-
other staff could have acted singlehandedly On controlling inflation, Mutebile said ued assets—its reputation and its once
and with personal interest in the resolution that over the last three years, annual core celebrated bankers; especially Mutebile,
of Crane Bank or in executing their technical inflation had averaged 5.1 percent. Kasekende, and Bagyenda and her former
or administrative responsibilities as desig- “That hardly suggests that, in terms of deputy Ssekabira.

12 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
Jan.05
review of 2018

Gone in 2018
Former Archbishop Livingstone
Mpalanyi Nkoyoyo
Retired Church of Uganda Archbishop, Liv-
ingstone Mpalanyi Nkoyoyo has lost the battle
to cancer at Kampala Hospital in Kololo. He had
returned to Uganda in June 2017 from the UK,
where he had been admitted at St. Mary’s Hospital
Feb. 01 Paddington, London since 2016 after he was diag-
nosed with cancer of the oesophagus .
Musician Mowzey Radio
Moses Ssekibogo, best known as
Mowzey Radio, died on Feb.01 at
Case Hospital in Kampala. Death of
the famous member of the Goodlyfe
Feb.27
Crew musicians shook the nation June 08 Susan Magara
and President Yoweri Museveni 28-year-old Susan Magara, the
joined millions of Ugandans to MP Abiriga shot dead
daughter of a prominent business-
mourn and pay tributes. Radio was man was kidnapped for a $1 million
33 years old when he died following Arua Municipality Member of Parliament,
Ibrahim Abiriga was on June 08 shot dead as he (about Shs3.6 billion) ransom in
an assault at a bar in Entebbe that February ransom. He body was dis-
inflicted injuries on his head. returned in Kawanda, on the northern outskirts
of Kampala city by assailants riding on a motor- covered along the Entebbe Express
cycle. His bodyguard was also killed. Although highway on February 27.
Abiriga was a first term MP, he had gained
fame because of easy and jocular demeanor and

June 23 funny antics, including always being clad in full
yellow block; the colours of the ruling party.
June 22
Commissioner General of
Prisons, Joseph Etima Musician Geoffrey
Joseph Etima who was the Com- Oryema
missioner General of Prisons from
1988 to 2005 died on June 23 at Internationally
Nakasero Hospital in Kampala. He Sept. 08 renowned Ugandan,
joined the Prison Service in 1966 as World Music artiste,
a Cadet Assistant Superintendent of Muhammad Kirumira Geoffrey Oryema died
Prisons and rose through the ranks. in france where he has
Assailants shot and killed con- been living since the
troversial former Buyende District 1970s. He was 65 years
Sept.15 Police Commander, Muhammad
Kirumira, near his home in Bulen-
old. Oryema is largely
known for a highly
Malawian diplomat, ga, Wakiso district. A woman who successful song; Land
was with him was also killed.
poet David Rubadiri of Anaka from his 1991
album. He became rec-
Malawian diplo- ognised globally for his
mat, poet, playwright Beat the Border in 1993.
and novelist Prof He has performed on
David Rubadiri, 88,
died on Sept.15. His Sept. 08 various big internation-
al music stages across
poetry was published
in the 1963 anthology
Nov.21: Veteran the world.
Modern Poetry of politician Dick Nyai
Africa. The former UPC
stalwart Dick Nyai
Sept.05
who represented Stella Nansinkombi Mukasa
Aug.12 Ayivu County in in
National Resistance Stella Nansinkombi Mukasa, a top
Nobel Prize-winning Council, Constituent lawyer and gender, governance and
human rights expert died of cancer
author VS Naipaul Assembly and 6th
on Sept.05 in Virginia, USA, where
Parliament died on
Novelist Sir VS Naipaul, who won Nov.21 at Arua Hos- she was undergoing treatment.
the Nobel Prize in literature, died aged pital in West Nile.
85. Known as Sir Vidia, he was born
in rural Trinidad in 1932, wrote more
than 30 books including A Bend in the
River and his masterpiece, A House for
Dec.06 Transport and real estate businessman and
former rally champion Charles Muhangi was
Mr Biswas. He also taught at Makerere Tycoon Charles found dead in his home on dec.06 with the cause
University in Kampala Muhangi of his death not immediately known. He was 62.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 13
news analysis

Bobi Wine campaigning for Arua Municipality Legislator Kasiano Wadri ahead of a By-elction in August.

The year Bobi Wine
and a poor administrator”. It was bad blood
flowing from the 2015 violent party prima-
ries.
More turmoil beset the party when
nearly 400 staff were laid off in February
NRM, FDC battled eight by-elections but a due to a shortage of funds and as it moved
to discipline 28 of its MPs who voted
young untested legislator became the issue against the party positions in parliament.
It also watched in dismay as a determined
Kyagulanyi led a wave of popular reactions
against the move.
By Ian Katusiime has always led during election time as its Through his musical influence and

T
position as the voice of opposition was chal- youthful appeal, Kyagulanyi was conspicu-
his year, 2018, saw some upsets and lenged by the so-called “people power” of ous at elections held in Jinja Municipality
changes in the political lay of the Bobi Wine. It was ironic because Kyagulanyi East, Rukungiri, Bugiri and Arua and his
land as 36-year-old legislator Robert was initially seen as a protégé of Besigye. bearing on the outcome of those elections
Kyagulanyi popularly known as The new leaders of FDC started their term cannot be overstated. While at rallies,
Bobi Wine continued to exert his presence with the cloud of imminent break away by Kyagulanyi spoke often on the futility of
on a scene dominated by personalities who their predecessor Maj. Gen. (Rtd) Mugisha fighting Museveni along political party
took part in a guerilla war more than thirty Muntu. That would end years of internal lines. He preached and often got united
years ago. bickering but open new challenges. fronts by the opposition.
Having won a landslide victory in a by- As Besigye watched FDC wrangles from His arrest in Arua in August and alleged
election in Kyadondo East in 2017, Kyagu- a distance with his protégé Patrick Amuriat torture at the hands of soldiers of Special
lanyi an Independent MP, proved vital for as party president, Kyagulanyi took up Forces Command (SFC) was a rite of pas-
the opposition as they won a number of Besigye’s place and became the opposi- sage for him as an opposition politician and
similar elections where he stumped for can- tion’s poster child for everything anti-gov- led to an outpouring of emotion and inter-
didates against the ruling party. ernment. He led city protests against new national sympathy for the self-acclaimed-
For President Yoweri Museveni, Kyagu- taxes on mobile money and social media ghetto president .
lanyi has been a unique opponent not least and spoke out on a range of critical national Museveni took to writing public missives
his age and the part of Uganda he comes issues. against Kyagulanyi in the media and in
from. Never one to underestimate threats, The ruling National Resistance Move- one of them accused him of forming rogue
Museveni threw Kyagulanyi in jail on a ment (NRM) party started the year on a groups to cause chaos under the cover of
treason charge that observers say is more high; reveling in a constitutional amend- elections. The President said, as a result “so
politically trumped up than that pressed ment granting its chairman Museveni carte many women and children were similarly
against Dr Kizza Besigye upon his return blanche to contest for the presidency, but attacked in Jinja East, Bugiri municipality
from exile in 2005. it suffered as its Electoral Chairman Tanga and, now, Arua municipality”. The three
Museveni’s longtime rival Dr Besigye Odoi openly castigated Secretary General are places where Kyagulanyi was heavily
also saw significant changes in the party he Justin Kasule Lumumba as a “good dancer involved and where NRM lost.

14 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
news analysis
Nicholas Opiyo, a lawyer and political an Independent candidate allied to the General Court Martial in Makindye, Kam-
commentator, says Bobi Wine and People party. pala and is facing charges of failing to pro-
Power dominated the year because the two Again, Kyagulanyi rose to the occasion, tect war materials and aiding and abetting
have been in the pipeline consciously and citing his disdain for parties although with kidnapping of Rwandan nationals from
unconsciously. “Bobi’s musical career has an open rivalry with Besigye and helped Uganda. Although there is talk that the
been about social good, and the forgot- Wadri romp to victory. It was the second charges may be dropped, Kayihura is now
ten urban poor. His political rise is not an time Kyagulanyi was emerging triumphant a diminished figure and a far cry from the
accident but something that has been in the against Besigye. man who was once said to be the most pow-
making.” Robert Centenary, FDC MP for Kasese erful person after his boss, Museveni.
Opiyo states that going to parliament was Municipality, says some party leaders have Nicholas Opiyo attributes the fall of Kayi-
a change of platform for the issues Bobi has learnt no lessons and the party could suffer hura to the loss of trust in the role he was
always raised in his music. more defeats. “Some people want to think playing for Museveni. “Due to his matching
“Unconsciously, the neglect of the urban for the party and if they continue like this failures in the killings and abductions, there
poor and the dismissive attitude the regime with their egos, we will lose more,” he cau- was a loss of political trust in the Police
has towards them and the result of a fail- tions. under Kayihura.”
ing economy led to the rise of Bobi Wine,” He says the party is not true to the reali- However he cautions that there is no
he argues, “The sense of injustice in the ties of the political environment. Centenary change in culture. “Kayihura was a repre-
country has also contributed to what we are is perturbed that the way FDC is operating sentation of a particular interest. His trial
seeing.” does not create room for teamwork. “We and public humiliation is part and parcel of
Opiyo adds that Bobi Wine has displaced are in a lone fight,” he says, “When we were the Museveni process of ridding himself of
the traditional forms of political organisa- together, we won Jinja.” powerful Generals.”
tions because he is making waves without He rebukes the defiance strategy Opiyo also argues that the arrest and
having a registered political party. “He although he chooses to remain in the party. trial of Kayihura painted a picture of decep-
seems honest, trustworthy and is not from “When Ingrid says I cannot allow Bobi tive accountability. “The charges that were
either NRM or FDC”. brought against him were minor compared
to the crimes he committed. For him it
By-elections was an end of an era but a continuation of
The Jinja Municipality East by-election cleansing of Museveni’s contemporaries.”
in March was the first one to be held in the
year and it was billed as a referendum on DP Reunion
the infamous amendment removing the The Democratic Party (DP) staged a
presidential age limit. FDC’s Paul Mwiru reunion on May 23 in an attempt to reju-
beat NRM’s Igeme Nabeta by 1000 votes venate itself. In the last 30 or so years, the
setting the tone for subsequent by-elections party has had little to show other than stat-
rife with tensions brought by the amend- ing that it is the oldest party in the country.
ment. The reunion was meant to bring together
FDC beat NRM in a second successive members of the Uganda Young Democrats
by-election held for the Rukungiri Woman (UYD), the once vibrant youth wing of the
MP seat despite a generous Shs5billion party but the agenda of the event held at
donation by Museveni to residents in the Kale Kayihura Nicholas Opiyo Makerere University Rugby Grounds was
district that included motorcycles, vans and soon diverted and politicking took over.
other goodies. It was another chance for Some organisers and speakers like Abed
Besigye to prove his stature against Musev- Wine in Sheema, that tells you a lot,” he tells Bwanika, a former member of UYD, used
eni on home soil having defeated him in The Independent. According to Centenary, the platform to lash out at Besigye. DP
the district vote tally for the first time, in the FDC has itself to blame for mistakes made. officials like Erias Lukwago opposed to the
2016 presidential election. “There were no lessons from Bugiri, Arua leadership of party president Norbert Mao,
What seemed like a good run for the and Sheema. If we cannot pick lessons, we felt vindicated for staying away citing the
FDC due to the rancour over the age are heading for doom.” attacks on Besigye. The hyped reunion suf-
limit amendment fizzled out when NRM fered setbacks when key guests from Africa
bounced back to win victories in elections Kayihura’s fall and beyond did not show up.
held on July 27 for newly-created munici- There was even more intriguing change Small parties like DP, UPC, JEEMA
palities in Sheema, Kotido, Ibanda, and politically when Museveni replaced his found solace in a summit organised by Inter
Nebbi. FDC performed dismally in this set right-hand man Gen. Kale Kayihura as Party Organisation for Dialogue (IPOD) at
of elections, appearing third in Bugiri and police chief. For the twelve years he served, Speke Resort Munyonyo on Dec. 12. Nor-
Ibanda. Kayihura basked in the trappings of power bert Mao, UPC’s James Akena and JEEMA
The party’s defeat in Bugiri was more as Museveni’s go to person on fixing all president Asuman Basalirwa got an oppor-
telling because it lost to JEEMA- an insig- kinds of political situations; secret meetings, tunity to schmooze with Museveni as critics
nificant party by any standard. JEEMA rode mobilisation for the NRM, and what he did slammed the event as a photo-op.
on the national stature of its candidate and most effectively- quashing opposition meet- FDC, which remains Museveni real chal-
leader, Asuman Basalirwa, but it also has ings. lenger, probably had the last laugh when
new kid on the block Kyagulanyi to thank Kayihura’s arrest in June was a mid-year Museveni told the minions to forget talk of
for the win. Kyagulanyi added vibrancy to spectacle and a familiar ploy in Museveni’s a transition in power. I am going nowhere,
Basalirwa’s floundering campaign. politics. It perhaps served as a reminder to Museveni told them bluntly.
If the Bugiri loss was a wake-up call, those who may wield the power Kayihura Throughout the year, rumours of a Cabi-
the Arua by election for fallen legislator had, that once they have lost favour with net reshuffle abounded. Names of potential
Ibrahim Abiriga was a bitter lesson. FDC’s Museveni, he will not hesitate to discard new ministers included Abbas Agaba,
Paul Musema polled a measly 1369 votes in them. Moses Balyeku, Peter Ogwang, and Anita
fourth position and lost to Kassiano Wadri, The former IGP was arraigned in the Among. Will 2019 be their year?

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 15
NEWS ANALYSIS

Kyadondo East MP Robert Kyagulanyi Ssentamu (Bobi Wine) appears in court in the northern town of Gulu to answer
several charges slapped against him by the state, among which include unlawful possession of a firearm and bullets.

Torture in 2018
Justice Katureebe pain and Bobi Wine’s pockets
By Ronald Musoke rights abusers: the violent arrest of MP, rights, he said.

M
Robert Kyagulanyi (Bobi Wine). Human rights agencies both within
any Ugandans, including Chief The Arua incident which also saw and abroad, including Joan Nyanyuki,
Justice Bart Katureebe, agree Kyagulanyi’s driver, Yasin Kawuma, Amnesty International’s director for
that this year has been one of gunned down triggered protests in various East Africa, the Horn and Great Lakes
the worst for human rights Ugandan towns and even spilled over into demanded that Kawuma’s killers be found
violations. major cities around the world including; through a thorough independent and
This year coincided with the 70th Nairobi, London and New York, with impartial investigation into how he was
anniversary of the Universal Declaration protesters demanding the unconditional killed. The investigation did not happen.
of Human Rights but in Uganda, it has release of MP and pop star, Kyagulanyi. Instead security agencies continued
been dominated by extra-judicial killings At the event to commemorate the 70th to abuse the human rights of many
of civilians, abductions and violent arrests anniversary of the Universal Declaration Ugandans.
of suspects, as well as forceful evictions of of Human Rights in Kampala on Dec.10, Lubega Medard Sseggona, the shadow
people off their land. Katureebe narrated how the Kyagulanyi minister of Justice and Constitutional
The most significant human rights incident confronted him, not in Uganda Affairs told The Independent that the death
issues included unlawful killings and but in New York, USA. He was there for a of Yasin Kawuma, Bobi Wine’s driver,
torture by security forces, harsh prison conference. is one clear example that shows that
conditions, arbitrary detention, restrictions “When I introduced myself, a judge Ugandans are slowly losing the most
on freedoms of press, expression, assembly from Cayman Islands talked of the events sacrosanct right: the right to life.
and political participation; official in Arua,” Katureebe said. “The trend is worrying because the
corruption and criminalization of same It was unexpected and led Katureebe to respect for human rights in Uganda is
sex consensual sexual conduct, including reflect on it. going down,” said Sseggona, “The state
security force harassment and detention “As a country and as leaders, it is time and non-state actors have continued to
of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and to reflect on where we have gone wrong violate rights with impunity.”
intersex persons. and how we can make our country a better Sseggona told The Independent on Dec.
The government was reluctant to place to live,” he said, “We cannot continue 14 that the fact that there has not been a
investigate, prosecute or punish officials to be identified by these events.” prosecution let alone an investigation yet
who committed human rights violations, Katureebe said the methods of pepper “it is very clear who shot and who killed
whether in the security services or spraying suspects, kicking and beating him is worrying.”
elsewhere in the government, and them with gun butts violates the suspects’ Nicholas Opio, the executive director
impunity was a problem. rights. Uganda must build strong of Chapter Four, a Kampala-based
For Katureebe, it appears one particular institutions and systems if it is going to civil liberties non-profit noted how the
event stood out this year as it catapulted turn around its ugly past that has been re-emergency of the Internal Security
Uganda on the world map for human characterized by gross violations of human Organization (ISO) and the Chieftaincy

16 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
NEWS ANALYSIS
of Military Intelligence (CMI) in criminal civil liberties in Uganda over the last 25 have the anti-corruption fight being led by
investigations has seen a return to years told The Independent that a culture a one Col. Nakalema.”
“disappearance” of people. of impunity is growing, including acts of “The increased militarization of the
“People disappear, then they are held abuse against fellow citizens. state is just becoming a new normal. We
incommunicado, then later you find “The year was punctuated with several are going to see more reliance on the army
out they have been tortured before they incidents of torture, extra judicial killings when it comes to governance and the
eventually get released.” were rampant and generally speaking, economic question.”
Opio also finds attempts by security grew,” Sewanyana told The Independent on Opio says President Museveni’s relying
agencies to ignore court orders in cases Dec.14. on the army to entrench himself in power
where court orders have been issued as a cannot be good news for defenders of civil
worrying trend. Back to the future rights in the country.
“For them to subject those court orders Many people do not see any positive “The army is trained to look at the
to other interpretations other than the change ahead on the human rights abuse person at the other end as an enemy who
court orders is worrying,” he said. front. Instead, they see it worsening as the must be decimated; they are not citizens
He also notes how the year began with country edges closer to the next general exercising their fundamental rights.”
cases of extra-judicial killings of women election in 2021. The real jostling starts in “That can only mean one thing:
in Kampala and what he called the 2019. decimation in the respect for rights because
“shambolic response” by state agencies. Sseggona says opposition politicians are the army is not straight about the law, it’s
Abuse of human rights is a pattern already being targeted. about dealing with the enemy.”
from the past. In many surveys, they have “Right now we cannot associate. For Sewanyana says at the level of rhetoric,
topped the list of human rights abusers Bobi Wine’s case, they have gone into his there have been attempts to uphold human
with police leading the list of shame. pockets. Now he cannot organize a concert rights in the country but the practice still
A Uganda Human Rights Commission in a place where other musicians are speaks a different language. “The political
report for 2017 released in June this allowed to.” will to fight human rights abuse in the
year showed 419 cases recorded against country is still lacking.”
police last year. Cases of abuse by private Jackie Asiimwe, a Kampala-based
individuals were a distant 210, the army human rights advocate, told The
44, and the Uganda Prisons Service with Independent on Dec. 15 that the events that
25. have happened in 2018; the Arua saga and
Meddie Kaggwa, the chairperson of the the land question, tie in with others; right
Uganda Human Rights Commission noted from the Kasese incident two years ago
the abuses throughout 2018 and pledged to and have made her reflect on one question:
do his best to fight for people’s rights. “Whose country is Uganda?”
President Yoweri Museveni too pledged “If one side can continuously prevent
to uphold human rights and wrote several thousands of Ugandans from talking yet
public notes to the security forces about it. they are where they are on our behalf,
In one of them, on Oct.23, he guided them whose country is Uganda?”
on how to handle rioters, terrorists and For her, Uganda’s human rights
looters. concerns revolve around the question of
Museveni’s letter followed public Medard Sseggona Justice Bart Katureebe constitutionalism.
outrage over the violent arrest in Kampala She says many of the human rights
of a man later identified as Yusuf events that happened this year are
Kawooya; a member of the youth wing of “Why? They want him broke so that somehow linked to one saga last year
the opposition Democratic Party (Uganda he can go and beg President Museveni” which saw the raid of Parliament, the
Young Democrats). Sseggona says, “As long as President beating of legislators and the eventual
Kawooya’s case caught public attention Museveni wants power and becomes removal of an article in the constitution
on Oct. 18 when a video broadcast by greedier day by day, he becomes more which limited the age of a presidential
Record TV showed a group of five men desperate and his handlers become more candidate to 75 years.
with guns pin, and batter a struggling man zealous.” “All happened because we don’t want
on the tarmac of a city street. “The situation is likely to get even to respect the rules that we have put in
In his letter, Museveni referred to worse next year, and especially as we place and this will remain an enduring
Kawooya’s case. But he did not condemn edge towards 2021 when the next general event.”
the torture or order the arrest of the election is expected to be held,” he says. “Competition without
offenders. Instead he said such brutalizing Opio also expects Uganda’s human constitutionalism is no fair game
of suspects is unnecessary and unfair as it rights record to even get worse as 2021 and that is especially if one feels that
gives Uganda a bad image. draws nearer. “The closer we get to they can change the constitution
Viewed against an earlier public memo the general elections in 2021 the more whenever it suits them,” she said,
of May 15, 2017 that Museveni wrote to heightened cases of human rights “Constitutionalism is built over time
the heads of Uganda’s security organs; his violations tend to become.” and over the respect for boundaries that
comments appeared ritualistic rather than “But what is deeply worrying for me is one has set.”
purposeful. Back then Museveni said using that Uganda has gone full cycle when it Asiimwe’s views on constitutionalism
torture in order to extract confessions was comes to militarization of governance.” are perhaps something Justice
wrong because it interferes with the fight Opio says the police have been overrun Katureebe, who often rules on them at
against crime. by the army as it appears it is the army the Supreme Court, needs to reflect on
Meanwhile, Dr. Livingstone Sewanyana, now doing criminal investigations and as much as he did on his encounter with
the executive director of Foundation for arrests. the judge from
Human Rights Initiative (FHRI)—a human “You also have the army now involved Cayman Islands regarding the
rights advocacy that has been focusing on in key sectors of the economy. You now Kyagulanyi torture incident

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 17
advertorial

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18 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
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Dec. 21 - 27 2018 19
review of 2018

January

Jan.10: Former FDC presidential flag-bearer, own masters paying them pee nuts. At a news

Jan.10 Col. Kizza Besigye, launched a new campaign
dubbed ‘Tubalemese’ targeting soldiers and
other security agents who he said needed to
conference at his offices at Katonga Road in
Kampala, he appealed to UPDF top officers to
openly oppose and overthrow President Yow-
liberate themselves from victimization by their eri Museveni’s government.
Jan.02
Jan.02: President Yoweri Museveni signs
controversial Age-Limit Constitutional
Amendment Bill No. 2 2017, commonly
Jan.15 Jan.20
known as the ‘Age Limit’ bill. Jan.15: Jan.20: Soldiers from the 30 other people in a Saturday
Ministry Chieftaincy of Military Intelli- night swoop by heavily-armed
of Health gence (CMI), Abdallah Kitaata; military men. Kitata’s brother
Jan.31 officials leader of the notorious Bodabo- had been arrested earlier in
confirmed da 2010 Association and an ally connection with the murder
Jan.31: Muhammad Police disciplinary a case of of the Uganda Inspector Gen- of one Francis Ekalunga, an
Kirumira, the committee court in Crimean- eral of Police, Kale Kayihura. accountant of Case Hospital.
Buyende District Naguru, Kampala Congo He was arrested together with
Police Commander but he said they hemor-
(DPC), announced were a sham rhagic fever
on his Facebook page intended to paint in a boy
that he was resigning him as a criminal by who had
from the Uganda detractors. Kirumira been hos-
Police Force. He was gained prominence pitalized in
battling charges of when he served as the central
extortion, corruption, Officer in Charge Ugandan
bribery, torture, of Nansana Police district of
unlawful arrests Station, but soon Nakaseke.
and excessive use of fell-out with the Another
authority before the top police bosses child, a
who he accused 9-year-old
of corruption. His girl was
announcement added initially
fire to an embattled suspected
police force after to have
the Chieftaincy of died from
Military intelligence the same
arrested several illness, but
senior officers on Ministry of
charges of kidnap, Health said
extortion, and she tested
robbery. negative for
the disease.

20 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
review of 2018
Jan 16
Jan 16: The State
minister for Water
Ronald Kibuule is
appeared before the
Justice Catherine
Bamugemereire Com-
mission of Inquiry
into Land Matters
sitting in Wande-
geya, Kampala, to
defend himself on
allegations that he
grabbed land measur-
ing 261.03 hectares
at Kigaya-Golomolo
in Buikwe District is
located on block 369.
He allegedly illegally
displaced hundreds
of people. Kibule,
in defense, said he
bought theland from
the Namasole (Queen
mother of the reigning
Kabaka of Buganda).

Jan.04
Jan.04: An preservatives, to
investigation by make foodstuffs
Saturday Vision look fresh.
newspaper reveals Formalin is used
that meat and food to preserve dead
vendors across the human cadavers.
country, especially Kampala Capital
those dealing in City Authority acted
meat, chicken, fish quickly, closed
and nsenene, use several butchers, and
sodium metabisulfite arrested several meat
and formalin, which sellers. Several were
are hazardous charged in court.
and unregulated

Jan.04
International
Jan.11: U.S Jan.05: ` Fire the staff of his
Jan.04: Starting on President Donald and Fury: Inside 2016 presidential
New Year’s Day, gangs Trump described the Trump campaign and
of unknown people ram- Haiti, El Salvador, White House’ is White House
paged through several vil- and some parts of published. Writ- and became
lages in Bukomansimbi and Africa as “shithole ten by Michael a New York
Lwengo districts, killing five countries” sparking Wolff, it sought Times number
people and injuring many. It unprecedented to detail the one bestseller
appeared to be a continua- international outrage. behavior of U.S. although some
tion of attacks by in Greater He was meeting President Don- of its claims
Masaka area by people whose with lawmakers at ald Trump and were dismissed.
motives were unclear that the White House to
started in 2016. discuss immigration.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 21
review of 2018

February

Feb.27: The body of Suzan Magara, a 28-year-old woman who had been missing
Feb.27 since Feb.07 in a case involving suspected kidnap for ransom was found dumped in
Kigo off the Entebbe expressway. She was the daughter of prominent businessman
John Fitzgerald Magara. Police offered Shs100 million as a reward in a bid to catch the
killer of the cashier of Bwendero Dairy Farm, a family business.

Feb.15
Feb.15: The Ministry
of Agriculture
announced that
according to estimates,
Uganda had
harvested about 5.5
million metric tonnes
from the last planting
season in 2017; which
is a 38% increase from
the usual harvest of
about 4 million metric
tonnes.

22 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
review of 2018

Feb.22
Police court in Naguru, presented former Kampala Assistant Commissioner of
Kampala granted Metropolitan Police Police (ACP), Sam Omala as
Kirumira bail after he operations commander, his surety
Feb.22
Feb.06
Feb. 06:
Members of
Two European nationals Parliament
were found dead at Pearl of grill Finance
Africa Hotel and Sheraton minister Matia
Kampala Hotel respectively Kasaija and
in the capital, Kampala. Secretary to
Terasvouri Tuomas Juha Treasury Keith
Petteri, 42, a Finland national, Muhakanizi
was killed in his room at over accusations
Pearl of Africa Hotel while that the duo
Alex Nordlarndar Sabastian mishandled a
Andreas, 41, was killed in his $200 million
room at the Sheraton. (Approx. Shs700
billion) loan.

Feb.13 Feb. O1
Feb.02
South Africa’s calling an end to his Flying Squad Unit (FSU) operatives arrest
ruling African scandal-hit rule and former Buyende District Police Commander
National Congress paving the way for Hearing of the case Muhammad Kirumira from his home in
on Tuesday ordered Cyril Ramaphosa, in which the embattled Bulenga, along Mityana road. The operatives
President Jacob the party leader, to police officer Muhammed fired bullets and teargas before tearing down the
Zuma to resign, take power. Kirumira is accused of door and extracting Kirumira from his house.
misconduct has kicked off.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 23
review of 2018
March Archbishop Lwanga denies
Mar.30

plot to topple Museveni
Leaders of the three top mainstream
Christian denominations in Uganda hold
a joint service and tell President Yoweri
Museveni that they are not plotting to
overthrow his government. The Archbishop
of Kampala Archdiocese, Dr Cyprian
Kizito Lwanga, told congregants at a holy
mass at Old Kampala Playgrounds that
President Museveni was being fed on wrong
intelligence by spies he recruited in the
churches. Thousands had converged for holy
mass, after taking part in the ecumenical
public way of the cross as part of events to
mark the crucifixion of Jesus; the founder
of Christianity and Easter. Archbishop
Church of Uganda Stanley Ntagali, Bishop
Mar.07 Hannington Mutebi of Kampala Diocese,
and Father Emmanuel Ssekyewa of the
Massive earth crack in Kenya shocks world Orthodox Church, attended the holy mass
celebrated under the theme “Courage, the
Residents of the Mai Mahiu settlement scientists, like Ben Andrews, a geologist Lord is our strength and guide”. Lwanga,
in Kenya woke up to a big surprise – a with the Smithsonian, believe that the doubles as the Chairperson of Uganda
massive crack in the Earth that appeared crack was exposed by the heavy rain Joint Christian Council (UJCC). He said an
to have opened up almost overnight. in the area but could have been created anonymous caller had warned him to be
Running several miles long and by the movement of the Earth’s tectonic careful, saying he might be the next Janani
measuring 50 feet deep and 65 feet wide plates, sections of the Earth’s crust that Luwum, the former Archbishop of Church
in some places, the terrifying fissure move about one inch a year. In 50 million of Uganda, who was killed by security
damaged several homes and caused a years, he said Africa may split in two. agents of then-President Idi Amin Dada’s
portion of the busy Mai Mahiu Narok- Some scientists said it is a common earth government on February 16, 1977.
Nairobi highway to collapse. Some fissure and not a result of the tectonics.

March 28 Mar.18
Mar.16
Scandal as Ministry confirms fake Hepatitis B vaccines
Makerere announces Museveni assures
The Ministry of Health Ministry of Health announced
scrapping evening Crime Preventers announced that the National that had cleared eight private
programs President Yoweri
Drug Authority (NDA) had health facilities in Kampala
during routine post-marketing to administer hepatitis B
Museveni addressed
Makerere University surveillance encountered falsified vaccination, as investigation into
thousands of crime
Kampala Vice Chancellor Hepatitis B vaccines from eight counterfeited vaccines continues.
preventers at MTN
Prof. Barnabas Nawangwe health facilities in Mbarara, The private health facilities
Arena Lugogo in
announced that the Mbale, Wakiso and Kampala cleared to provide the hepatitis
Kampala and pledged
university was scrapping districts. The news spread panic B vaccine included: Nsambya
to pump Shs 1.3 billion
the evening classes among members of the public, hospital, Kibuli hospital, Mengo
into their Savings and
programme. Addressing especially as thousands had hospital, Rubaga hospital,
Credit Cooperative.
a press conference at thronged various private medical International Hospital Kampala
At the time, the loose
the university’s main facilities after the vaccines ran out (IHK), Norvik hospital, Case
grouping of youth
building, he said decision in government facilities. Later the hospital and Nakasero hospital.
allied to the ruling
had been resolved by NRM party but
the university council. heavily patronised
He said all new students by former Police
Mar.04
starting with the coming Inspector General
Academic Year 2018/19, of Police, Gen. Kale Kayihura, Tumukunde sacked
be admitted to study on Kayihura was in
either the day programme disarray after his President Gen. Henry Tumwine
from 8:00am to 5:00pm removal from the Yoweri Museveni Tumukunde. to replace
or on the afternoon position. Museveni removed from The President Tumukunde.
programme from 2:00pm assured the crime office the appointed Brig. Sabiiti
to 6:00pm. He said preventers that they Inspector General Okoth Ochola, Muzeei was
the move would not were part of the of Police, Gen. who was the appointed the
affect programmes of reserve force of the Kale Kayihura, deputy IGP, to Deputy IGP.
continuing students. Uganda army. and the Minister replace Kayihura
for security, and Gen. Elly

24 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
review of 2018

April

April 08
Uganda’s best ever Commonwealth games
Joshua Kiprui Cheptegei won the 10,000m. The next day Stella Chesang bronze and Solomon Mutai silver in the
men’s 5000m final to clinch gold at the clinched gold in the women’s 10,000m final men’s marathon to complete Uganda’s best
2018 Commonwealth Games in Gold and Mercyline Chelangat won bronze at Commonwealth games.
Coast, Australia. He also won gold in the the same games. Juma Miiro won boxing

April 27 April 01
Man attacks Bishop Luwalira
North Korea and at Namirembe alter
South Korea leaders Drama ensued at St. Paul’s
meet for first time Cathedral Namirembe in
Kampala when a barkcloth-clad
North Korean man armed with a stick beat
leader Kim Jong Un security and ushers and ran
and South Korea’s towards the alter seemingly
President Moon Jae- to attack Bishop Wilberforce
in met at the line that Kityo Luwalira of Namirembe
separates the divided Diocese who was presiding over
Koreas on April 27 for the Easter service. Namirembe
the first time in over a Diocese is the main See of the
decade. Kim stepped Church of Uganda. The man
first over the raised later identified as Herbert
Military Demarcation April 10 Kadu, tripped and fell before
Line, entering territory reaching the bishop and was
controlled by the South 11 lions found dead in Queen Elizabeth National Park overpowered by police. Bishop
for the very first time. Luwalira said the man looked
After posing for the Uganda Wildlife in the southwest lionesses, were possessed. “I have seen the
cameras, Kim then Authority rangers of the country. suspected to have power of darkness during my
grasped Moon’s hand found 11 lions The dead lions, been poisoned service as Bishop but the most
and they briefly crossed dead in Uganda’s eight of them in retaliation for powerful thing is that I have
into the northern side. Queen Elizabeth cubs and the killing villagers’ seen the power of God,” he said.
National Park, other three adult cattle.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 25
review of 2018
April 13
Uganda’s oldest known
zoo chimp dies at 54
Zakayo, a 54-year old male
chimpanzee that had lived at
the Uganda Wildlife Education
Centre (UWEC) in Entebbe for
42 years died. Zakayo celebrated
his 54th birthday in a colourful
ceremony at UWEC last year.
Technically, UWEC officials said
Zakayo is suspected to have died
of chronic gastroenteritis which
caused him to develop persistent
vomiting and diarrhea.
Gastroenteritis is either a viral or
bacterial infection. Zakayo was
the Alpha male (leader) from
1970s to 2011. He passed on the
role to younger generation but
remained a highly respected
member of the zoo chimp
community and was a beloved
of UWEC visitors.

April 24

Airbus A380 landed at Dar airport
An Emirates Airbus A380 landed at International Airport to handle one of the It reportedly first reached Mauritius’s Sir
an airport in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. biggest planes in the world. Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International
The landing which was forced due to Flight EK 701 was en-route Mauritius airport and circled for a while before the
bad weather tested the capacity and from Dubai with more than 500 passengers crew decided to divert it to Dar, three hours
preparedness of the Julius Nyerere and crew member when it diverted to Dar. flight time away.

April 15 April 10
Museveni donates Oil refinery
billions ahead of deal signed
elections in Rukungiri Uganda signed
President Yoweri Museveni an agreement with
donated money, vehicles and an international
machinery to 110 groups of consortium
people in Rukungiri District of four Italian
ahead of a scheduled May and Mauritian
13 election for the district companies
woman MP. The items mini- including
buses, motor vehicle spare Nuovo Pignone
parts, motorcycles, garage International
equipment, sewing machines, owned by
tents, and chairs. Museveni’s US-giant General
donation was criticised because Electric to build
they were seen as an attempt April 28 a 60.000 BPD
to create favour for Winnie oil refinery. The
Masiko, the ruling NRM Police raid Usafi Mosque, two killed build and operate
party candidate in the race. refinery will be on
Rukungiri District, which is the Police alongside police said they were nationalities from the shores of Lake
home of opposition stalwart other security acting on intelligence the dinghy mosque Albert in Hoima
Kizza Besigye; the four-time agencies on April alleging that the and that the two men is valued at
presidential candidate of 28 shot dead two mosque is a front were shot dead when between $3 billion
the Forum for Democratic people during a for terrorists. They they resisted arrest. and $4 billion
Change (FDC) has long been morning raid on Usafi said the removed The number of men by the Albertine
an opposition enclave in NRM- Mosque in Kisenyi, 18 women and 94 arrested was not Graben Refinery
dominated western Uganda. Kampala city. The children of different specified. Consortium.

26 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
review of 2018

May

May 19
Prince Harry marries Meghan Markle
Prince Harry and Meghan Markle George Clooney and his barrister wife performed at the lunchtime reception. An
exchanged vows in front of 600 guests Amal Clooney, Sir Elton John, David and estimated 100,000 people turned out to
including the Queen, more than 30 royals Victoria Beckham and actor Idris Elba. Sir see the couple as they sat in an open-top
and famous faces such as Oprah Winfrey, Elton, who sang at the funeral service for Ascot Landau for a carriage procession
tennis champion Serena Williams, actor Harry’s mother, Diana, Princess of Wales, through Windsor.

May 14 May 28
US relocates embassy in Israel to Jerusalem Museveni reappoints Balunywa in snub
The US officially in a move that was met with as deadly protests took
to Janet
relocated its embassy in clashes and protests along place ahead of, during President Yoweri Museveni
Israel from Tel Aviv to the Israeli-Gaza border. and after the ceremony in reappointed Prof Wasswa Balunywa
Jerusalem on Monday, At least 58 Palestinians Jerusalem, making it the as Principal of Makerere University
formally upending decades were killed and more deadliest day there since Business School, barely a day after
of American foreign policy than 2,700 injured in Gaza the 2014 Gaza war. he was pushed out by the University
Council. Museveni, in a letter dated
May 28, directed his wife Janet, who
May 09 May 26 is also the Education Minister to
reappoint Balunywa for another term.
Dam bursts in Kenya, kills 40 Balunywa had been replaced by
Fire in Mary Stuart Hall the MUBS Council led by former
About 40 people were killed in Kenya’s A small fire broke out in Mary Stuart Makerere University Vice Chancellor,
Rift Valley after a dam burst its banks Hall; the biggest all female students Prof. Venansius Baryamureeba. The
following weeks of torrential rain that residence at Makerere University two dons had bickered for months.
also forced hundreds from their homes. Kampala. Three students sustained Baryamereeba appointed Associate
Water burst through the banks of the Patel injuries as they were escaping the fire. The Prof. Moses Muhweezi as the acting
Dam in Solai, Nakuru County, on May 09 police said the fire started in the canteen Principal MUBS. Muhweezi has been
night sweeping away hundreds of homes, on ground floor and beginning to spread deputy to Balunywa, whose contract
including those on the expansive Nyakinyua to other floors when it was put out. expired on May 27, having worked at
Farm, which borders the reservoir. the institution for two decades.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 27
review of 2018
May 25
Margaret Zziwa wins
case against EALA
Margaret Zziwa, the former
East African Legislative
Assembly (EALA) speaker
won a case in which she
challenged her removal from
office. Zziwa’s impeachment
in 2014 was endorsed by two-
thirds of the elected members
of the house over alleged
abuse of office, intimidation of
legislators and misbehavior.
But the East African Court of
Justice sitting on May 25 in
Arusha city, Tanzania, ruled
that that Zziwa was illegally
removed from office and
should be awarded 140,000
USD in costs (Approx. Shs549
million) with legal costs of 6%
of US$200,000 (Approx. Shs747 May 25
million.
The court in its ruling says Gaaga bus accident kills 22
all legislation passed in the
absence of Zziwa as speaker is Up to 22 people died village, some 12 kilometers Kampala hit the tractor from
null and void. on in the night of May 25 from Karuma township in its rear before it rolled and
EALA’s first speaker, when a Gaaga bus hit a Nyamasha Parish, Mutunda collided with an oncoming
Zziwa’s term in office was cut stationary tractor before Sub County, Kiryandongo cargo lorry transporting
short just after three years. She ramming into a lorry. The district. The bus traveling crates of beer.
was replaced by Dan Kidega. incident occurred at Nanda from Lira district to

May 08
May 08
DR Congo declares
Bamugemereire land probe grills Minister Amongi
new Ebola outbreak
Lands, Housing and Urban threatened to have her arrested. government properties. The
Development Minister Betty The minister was accused Commission heard that The Government
Amongi appeared before the of abuse of office, influence Amongi, who is also Oyam of the DRC declared
commission of inquiry into peddling, conflict of interest South Member of Parliament, a new outbreak of
land matters chaired by Justice and Bamugemereire threatened used her company, AMOBET Ebola virus disease
Catherine Bamugemereire to order the Inspector General Investments Ltd, to acquire (EVD) in Bikoro in
where she was grilled for of Government to investigate Government Property of Equateur Province
about nine hours from midday. her for allegedly turning Departed Asians, yet she was a on May 08. The
She had earlier refused to herself into a land broker Member of the Departed Asians outbreak declaration
appear until Bamugemereire and dubiously acquiring Property Custodian Board. occurred after
laboratory results
confirmed two
cases of EVD. From
May 19 May 30 4 April through 9
May 2018, a total
Plane crash kills 100 Parliament passes social media tax of 32 EVD cases
More than 100 (among which two
people were killed Parliament on May 30 passed meant internet users would incur were confirmed,
in a plane crash in the Excise Duty Amendment Bill a daily levy of Shs200 (approx.10 18 probable and 12
Cuba. The incident which introduced a 1% US cents) for using Facebook, suspected cases)
occurred when an excise duty on WhatsApp, Twitter and were reported from
ageing Boeing 737 mobile money more. The tax on social Bikoro health zone,
belonging to the transactions. media was ordered by Equateur province,
state airline, Cubana, The President Yoweri including 18 deaths.
crashed moments so-called Kaguta Museveni Three of the 32
after taking off from Social to reportedly fight cases were among
Havana airport. Media tax “gossip”. healthcare workers.

28 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
review of 2018

June

June 05
Mbarara’s chopper innovator crash-lands, injured
Joseph Nkaheza, the youth from the area. Witnesses said the home-made off the engine and crash-landed,” he told
Mbarara in western Uganda who had been chopper appeared to lift off but came journalists.
fiddling with crafting a helicopter, suffered tumbling back down after just a few Despite the crash, conceiving the
serious injuries when he attempted to fly metres of flight. Naheza appears to have contraption is seen by many as a sign
his contraption and it crash landed. been overwhelmed and failed to control of a brilliant mind of the 17-year old
Members of the crowd that had gathered the machine. orphan. He first earned stardom when he
to witness the event and had been cheering “I really didn’t know what to do at that fabricated a motorbike.
him on rushed him to Ruti Hospital in critical moment. So, I decided to switch

June 13 June 08
Gen. Kayihura arrested Assassins shoot Col. Abiriga dead
Former Inspector General
of Police Gen Kale Kayihura Famous Arua Municipality
was by the military from Member of Parliament, Ibrahim
his country home in Katebe Abiriga was on June 08 shot dead as
village, Kashagama sub- he approached his home in Kawanda
county Lyantonde district. on the edges of Kampala city. He was
He was flown to Kampala in killed together with his bodyguard
an army helicopter for further by two men moving on a motorcycle,
interrogation and detained at as he was approaching the gate to his
Makindye Military Barracks. home. Although he was a first term
MP having been elected in the 2016
general elections, Abiriga gained
fame because of his antics like always
wearing yellow from head to toe;
the colours of the ruling party NRM
that he supported. Abiriga served in
the army of then-Ugandan President
Idi Amin Dada and joined President
Yoweri Museveni’s ruling party after
peace negotiations.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 29
review of 2018

July

July 27
Removal of presidential age-limit lawful, court rules
The Constitutional Court ruled on fracas in parliament amidst accusations president, local governments, and the
July 26 that removing the presidential from opposition parties that 73-year-old parliament from five years to seven years,
age limit of 75 years, a ruling that would Museveni wants to be president for life. the court quashed it together with the MPs
potentially allow President Yoweri There were several street protests. The move to reinstate the two term limit that
Museveni to extend his three-decade court was delivering a verdict on a petition had been lifted in 2005 to allow Museveni
rule, was lawfully done. It endorsed against the controversial age limit removal. contest in the 2006 elections.
parliament’s decision in December 2017 Although parliament in December also
to scrap the cap. Parliament’s move led to voted to extend the terms of office for the

July 10 July 01
July 20
National Water and Sewerage
Corporation (NWSC) announced it was
Social Media
in final stages to start generating its own Tax starts
electricity to run the Bugolobi sewerage
and waste water treatment plant. The Over The Top
Engineer Dr. Silver Mugisha, the NWSC (OTT) tax commonly
managing director, said besides treating known as social media
33 million litres of water daily before it tax took effect on July
goes into Lake Victoria, the plant will be 01 at the start of the
generating 650Kwh of electricity, which 2018/2019 financial
they will use to run all the activities at year. Many Ugandans
the plant starting September this year. immediately went over
He made the remarks on July 20 as the top in expressing
Prime Minister Ruhakana Rugunda their opposition to
toured the Bugolobi based plant. the tax which would
amount to Shs200 per
day of connection to
social media networks
LC One elections held like Facebook,
WhatsApp, Snapchat,
Elections of officials of village Movement (NRM) party swept Twitter and more. Full
councils across the country calls the local council elections and daily connection would
Local Council One were held. claimed it had won in over 90 cost Shs1,400 for a week
Although the process went back per cent of villages across the or 6,000 for a month.
to the old and controversial country. The elections were Failure to pay the daily
method of supporters voting marred by chaotic scenes in OTT tax would lead to
by lining behind their preferred 60,000 villages and had to be blocked access. Some
candidate, it also brought repeated in some of them. The people resorted toVPN
new additions; such as having elections had been overdue connections while
political parties sponsor for over 15 years and had been a group of lawyers
candidates. In the end, the postponed several times. scrambled together suit
ruling National Resistance in courts of law.

30 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
review of 2018

July 12
Museveni promises MPs more security
President Yoweri Museveni ordered the would also get sharp shooters from the apparatus are installed as part of the
deployment of army sharp shooters and army and follow up 4-wheel drive pickups President’s 12-point security master plan
escort cars for MPs’ protection. He was with open carriage beds. Kasaija was also he shared with MPs in parliament. The
meeting the MPs when they raised concerns to buy body armor and helmets that are drastic measures were in response to several
about national security and their personal bullet resistant for the army sharp-shooters murders, kidnaps, and assassinations of
safety. Museveni in a letter to Finance and the police guards. Museveni described high profile individuals; including Arua
Minister Matia Kasaija said although MPs the measures as short-term interventions Municipality MP Ibrahim Abiriga.
already have some police guards, they until CCTV cameras and other security
July 14
Sparks over CDC shares in DFCU
On June 14 CDC informed top
management of DFCU of its intention
to sell its remaining stake. CDC,
which is a successor to Britain’s oldest
Development Finance Institution;
the Commonwealth Development
Corporation, jointly set up DFCU
with the Government of Uganda in
1964. At the time, CDC owned 60%
of shares which it gradually whittled
July 02 down to 9.97 by 2017. CDC did not
specify a timeframe for implementing
security agents raid MTN the decision to further sell, merely
stating that it would be over the
Security agents attached claimed the raid was Inspector General of Police short to medium term. It also did
to Internal Security necessitated by reports Andrew Felix Kaweesi. not say whether it was selling off
Organisation (ISO) went that MTN evades taxes. In any case, MTN all or (as it had done in past various
rogue and kidnapped two However, another view called a press conference times) a portion of its holding. Call
MTN workers and forced was that MTN was raided at which its chairman, it bad timing because of an ongoing
them to cooperate in a after it refused to cooperate Charles Mbire, said MTN unraveling at the time of a deal
raid on the telecom giant’s and provide information was not involved in any between DFCU and Bank of Uganda
data Centres at Mutundwe on different calls made investigation into alleged for the purchase of assets and liabilities
Rubaga and Port Bell Road, by suspects being held breach of national security of the defunct Crane Bank, the news
Mbuya in Kampala. in connection with the or tax evasion. did not go down well with the public.
The ISO bosses later murder of former Assistant

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 31
review of 2018

August

Aug.05
Museveni, Mbabazi reunite at
Ramaphosa-Birungi kuhingira
President Museveni
and his longtime friend-
turned political opponent,
former Prime Minister
Amama Mbabazi met
at the giveaway of the
latter’s daughter, Bridget
Birungi, to Andile
Ramaphosa, the son of
South African President
Cyril Ramaphosa. The
function took place at
Mbabazi’s residence in
Kololo, Kampala and
was attended by top
politicians, government
officials, and businessmen
from Uganda and South
Africa.

Aug.30
Rev. Diana Nkesiga leads women prayer for peace
Rev. Diana Nkesiga, the retired vicar soldiers deployed heavily at the church into its dark history”. She was referring
of All Saints Cathedral Nakasero, led a premises in an attempt to block the launch to the violence in the Arua byelection and
Morning Prayer service at St. Luke’s Church of the national movement to pray for peace the brutal arrest and torture of opposition
in Ntinda, a Kampala suburb that was in the country. Rev. Nkesiga explained that politicians. She said the country could
attended mainly by women activists to pray as mothers of the nation, women cannot sit explode into anarchy if Ugandans do not
for peace in the country. Police and UPDF back and watch as the country “slides back call for God’s intervention through prayers.

32 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
review of 2018

Aug.01
Low prices hit maize farmers
The New Vision newspaper reports Shs200 per kg in many places. Experts Kenya which often imports maize
that maize farmers across the country attributed the low prices to a glut grain and products from Uganda also
have been hit by low prices for their in maize caused by bumper harvest had a bumper harvest.
crops which had slumped to as low as because of good rainfall. Neighbouring

Aug.24 Aug. 13
Bobi Wine driver killed as violence rocks Arua by-election
Violence maverick Kyadondo East
erupted in Arua MP Robert Kyagulanyi,
Municipality on aka Bobi Wine was
the final day of among those arrested
campaigns for and his driver was
the August 15 dead by shooting. Bobi
parliamentary Wine, Wadri and other
by-election. Special opposition supporters
Forces Guards of were later charged
President Yoweri Museveni opened fire on with treason after they allegedly pelted
Gen. Kayihura charged rowdy crowds of citizens coming from the the President’s convoy with stone missiles.
final campaign rallies before raiding hotels Bobi Wine and another MP, Francis Zaake
in court martial in the area and arresting several opposition suffered major injuries during arrest and
Gen Kale Kayihura, the former MPs and one of the contestant; Kasiano in detention and had to be flown out of the
Inspector General of Police, was Wadri who was running as an Independent. country for specialised care.
charged in the General Court By the time the situation calmed down,
Martial sitting at Makindye in
Kampala. He had been in military
detention since his arrest earlier
in the year. He was charged with Aug.24
three counts; of aiding and abetting
the kidnapping by commission, One person dies of Crimean Fever in Kampala
repatriating Rwandan exile and
refugees and Ugandan citizens to An unidentified woman died of Crimean Crimean Fever cases this year. In May a 35-year-
Rwanda between 2012 and 2016, Congo Heamorrhagic Fever (CCHF) at Naguru old male from Nkoko sub-county in Bugangaizi
and failing to protect war material Hospital in Kampala. The Ministry of Health County, Kakumiro District died of the disease at
by issuing arms to unauthorised confirmed the death of the 32-year-old female Mubende regional referral Hospital. In January
persons including Boda Boda 2010 from Bukerere, in Mukono District, died of the five cases were recorded in Nakaseke District
members led by jailed Abdallah disease. She was buried by medical personnel in with one fatality and four survivors.
Kitatta between 2010 and 2018. Sembabule District. Her case was one of several

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 33
review of 2018

September

Sept.06
Four-day Nyege Nyege festival on in Jinja
Nyege Nyege, the four-day festival by MTN Uganda, the fourth edition of the orgies. Homosexuality is banned by law in
attracted thousands of revelers from festival had ben earlier been banned by the Uganda. However, the controversy appears
across East Africa and beyond to the Nile Minister of State for Ethics and Integrity, Fr to have ignited interest in the festival which
Discovery Resort in Jinja, eastern Uganda. Simon Lokodo, over allegation that it was was thronged by an unprecedented crowd.
Organised byTalent Africa and sponsored a gathering of homosexuals intent on sex
Sept.08
Muhammad Kirumira shot dead
Former Buyende District
Police Commander, Muhammad
Kirumira was shot dead near his
residence in Bulenga, Wakiso
district. He was driving when
the gunmen opened fire killing
Kirumira and a woman who
was in the car. The shooting
happened at around 9pm. The
assassins were riding on a
motorcycle, eyewitnesses said.
Rescuers rushed the bleeding duo
to Rubaga Hospital in Kampala
but they were declared dead.

Sept.11 Sept.24
Cabinet decides to disband or merge agencies The trial of former Michael Elubu, and
Lord’s Resistance Duncan Gaswaga of the
As part of reforms and align functions. The Army commander, International Crimes
first raised by President decision reached at a Thomas Kwoyelo Division. He faces
Museveni in a July 27 letter cabinet meeting chaired started Sept.24 in the 93 charges related to
to Prime Minister Ruhakana by President Museveni Gulu High court. It rape, kidnap, murder,
Rugunda, the government was aimed at preventing was conducted by a enslavement, torture,
finally moved to merge duplication of roles and panel of three judges; and imprisonment,
agencies and reorganize wastage of public resources. Jane Persis Kiggundu, among others.

34 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
review of 2018

October

Oct.13
Museveni opens new Jinja bridge
President Museveni on Oct.13 opened the State Foreign Affairs minister, for the ribbon stay bridge is a few meters away from the
new bridge over the River Nile in Jinja. He cutting. Japan funded the construction 60-year old Owen Falls Dam Bridge and is
was flanked by Masahisa Sato, the Japanese of the bridge at Shs313 billion. The cable expected to have a lifespan of 120 years.

Oct.02
Museveni opens Mulago Specialised Women Hospital
President Yoweri
Museveni officially
opened the new Mulago
Specialised Women and
Neo-Natal Hospital
on Oct.02. He said the
facility should be a
purely referral hospital.
“Do not come here with
diarrhoea or fever,”
he said because such
ailments are supposed
to be handled by the
lower health facilities in
villages and sub-counties.
The hospital was build
using a loan from the
Islamic Development
Bank to improve the
quality of maternal and
neonatal healthcare
services and decongest
Mulago National Referral
Hospital.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 35
review of 2018
Oct.12 Oct.18
Police goons attack
man in city centre
Gun wielding-men in civilian
clothes on Oct.18 attacked a
man, pinned him to the ground
and hit him with gun butts,
kicks, and fists before bundling
him into a waiting van which,
it turned out, had fake number
plates. That the arrest and
torture happened in broad
daylight in the city centre at the
junction between Colville Street
and Portal Avenue, just adjacent
to Theatre Labonita and Christ
The King Church, brought back
memories of the dark day when
goons from previous regimes
bundled civilians into car
boots with impunity. The man
was later identified as Yusuf
Kawooya, and the attackers as
operatives of the dreaded Police
Flying Squad. But the motive
of the brutal arrest remains
unexplained.
Kanye West, Kardashian visit Uganda
Kanye West and Kim sightseeing, and immersing In the video, Kanye is seen
Oct.11
Kardashian visited Uganda themselves in the culture performing in and around
from Oct.13 The two American of Uganda. They even met three dome-like tents, which Mudslides kill 47 in Bududa
A-listers enjoyed a safari, did President Yoweri Museveni appear to be part of a pop-
some sightseeing and some and discussed arts and tourism up studio. He captioned the A mudslide in Bukalasi,
philanthropical work. They and flew on the President’s video, “Spaceship call earth| 3 Buwali and Bubiita sub- counties
traveled with their eldest child, helicopter to visit the UWESO Uganda Domes.” He started in Bududa district in eastern
daughter North West, 5 and children’s home in Masulita his impromptu performance Uganda killed at least 47 people.
stayed at the five-star Chobe where they handed out Yeezy sitting on a couch inside one The incident happened on Oct.11
Safari Lodge. Kim posted shoes. Since the trip was to of the tents, while wrapped when River Sume burst its banks
their suite looked out upon finish his new Yandhi album, in the Uganda national flag. after heavy rains. The muddy
a breathtaking view of wild Kanye did some recording “Relax your mind / Let your water washed away people,
animals like elephants and at Chobe and gave his fans a conscious be free/No matter animals, and crops. Bududa is
hippos chilling in the water preview of his work on Twitter what they say / I’ma still be a high risk area for landslides.
as she and North watched. on Oct.14 with a surprise me / We’re free / We’re free,” Mudslides killed over 100 people
They also went on a safari, show. According to ENews, Kanye reportedly rapped. in the area in in March 2010.

Oct.24
Parliament starts probe into Bank of Uganda
Parliament’s Committee on Commissions,
Statutory Authorities and State Enterprises
(Cosase) started investigations into alleged
irregularities in Bank of Uganda’s handling of the
assets and liabilities of seven commercial banks
BoU closed from 1993 to date. The closed banks
are Teefe Bank (1993), International Credit Bank
Ltd (1998), Greenland Bank (1999), Co-operative
Bank (1999), National Bank of Commerce (2012),
Global Trust Bank (2014) and of Crane Bank Ltd
(2016). The Committee investigation follows
a forensic report on BoU’s handling of the
bank closure transactions by the Office of the
Auditor General. The AG found unaccounted
for cash, undervalued loans and other assets,
missing land titles, disputed payments to
external lawyers and more.

36 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
review of 2018

November Nov.24
A boat carrying joy riders
capsized on Lake Victoria killing
32 people near Mutima Beach
Resort in Mpatta sub-county,
Mukono district. Initial reports
claimed about 120 people were
on the boat but the actual number
remained unclear because police
recorded only 33 survivors.
Among the dead was Templar
Bisase and his wife and Bosco
Owecho; a local fisherman who
was among the first responders
to the tragedy. The boat was
described as “an accident waiting
to happen” as it was in dangerous
mechanical condition, lacked
safety equipped, and was not
licensed or authorised to operate.

Nov.11 Nov.19:
The Uganda National Gobero-Kakiri-Masuliita, Kawanda-
Fire broke out in a senior three. Arson was Meteorological Authority (UNMA) Kayunga and Bubale. In Kampala
dormitory at St. Bernard’s suspected and police forecasted average rainfall across the rainfall set off floods in most low
Mannya SS in Kifamba arrested several people country. But when it came, it saw lying areas including Bwaise,
Sub-county, in Rakai including students and River Mayanja in Wakiso district Kalerwe, Kawempe, Kyebando,
district, killing at least 10 the school warden. bursting its banks destroying bridges Kasangati and Kawanda destroying
between Buloba Kikubampanga, homes and businesses.

Nov.29
Nov.29: Kasese bus accident injures 27 Nov.24 Nov.30
An accident occurred at slope. There were no deaths Five teachers Nov.30: 7 killed in deadly
Kikorongo in Kasese district but 27 people suffered
when a Link Bus carrying injuries and were treated
of Pearl Primary accident in Buvuma
School in Kasese
64 passengers failed to in Kagando and Kilembe town died in a A truck at Walwanda
brake and overturned on a hospitals. motor accident carrying people village in
at Rutoto trading from a meeting Buvuma district.
centre in Rutoto of evangelical The injured
Nov.11 sub-county in Christians were treated at
Rubirizi district. swerved off Buvuma Health
Nov. 08: Americans voted of the 100 seats in the United the road killing Center IV and
in the midterm elections for States Senate. Democrats They were
travelling in a seven and later referred to
members of the Congress, overturned the Republic injuruing 17 Kawolo Hospital.
including all 435 seats in majority in the House while van that was hit
the United States House of the Republican extended by a truck.
Representatives, and 33 or 34 their majority in the senate.

December
Dec.12

The attendance were
Interparty party heads
Organisation Norbert Mao
for Dialogue (DP), Asuman
(IPOD) summit Basalirwa
of political (Jeema),
party leaders President
was held at Museveni
Speke Resort, (NRM) and
Munyonyo in Jimmy Akena
Kampala. In (UPC).

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 37
review of 2018

2018’s funniest stories
Namesakes claim Tororo man eats cobra to avenge his lost chicken
same RDC job
When President Yoweri Museveni in Kenneth Odiom it after immersing it
October released a new list of Resident Dis- 34, shocked fellow in boiling water. He
trict Commissioners (RDCs), it included that villagers in Kwapa then chopped it into
of Moses Nuwagaba for Kisoro District. For central village in pieces; dip fried it, and
these jobs, Museveni usually appoints loyal Tororo district when, feasted on it as villag-
to him or to his ruling NRM party. In an for his birthday meal, ers looked on in awe
unprecedented coincidence this time, two he hunted and killed as eating a snake was
people called Moses Nuwagaba showed a venomous cobra unheard of in the area.
up claiming to be the one Museveni had snake that had been But Odiom, who is a
named. Moses Nuwagaba is the speaker of eating his chickens and ate it. The giant transporter, possibly picked interest in eat-
Eastern Division in Rukungiri Municipality serpent had made a habit of grabbing the ing snakes from his travels to neighbouring
and another Moses Nuwagaba is a former chickens before slithering to feast on them DR Congo. He washed the meal down
deputy RDC of Kaberamaido District in in its home in anthill just outside Odiom’s with a glass of juice and a beer. Not all
eastern Uganda. Eventually they petitioned compound. Fed up and perhaps hungry, snakes are safe to eat. The cobra is eatable
the Office of the President to clarify. Odiom first dug up the anthill, smoked out because it is venomous but not poisonous.
(Source: Daily Monitor) the cobra, chopped off its head then skinned (Source PML news)

State House recycles Museveni Independence Day speeches Woman chops off
Kampala. President Musev-
eni’s 56th Independence
speech follow immediately
after the preamble in the same
observance of the 56th fête
in Kyotera District. He had it
husband’s genitals
anniversary speech that State order as in the October 9, 2017 circulated for publication in A jealous wife in Mukono,
House shared with the media Independence anniversary the newspapers since, accord- has been arrested for cutting
shows the first four para- remarks and, counted togeth- ing to him, it was late and off her husband’s genitals with
graphs are word-for-word a er, run 167 words. President people needed to go and enjoy a kitchen knife after suspect-
reproduction of what he spoke Museveni, who was the chief themselves. ing he was cheating on her.
at last year’s celebrations. The guest, did not read his official Rehema Kabayana, 24, was
heavily replicated parts of the speech during the national (Source: Daily Monitor) convinced that her husband
Anthony Sekawa,28, was
having an affair with another

Arua police A hotel in Uganda cooks longest rolex woman in the neighbour-
hood According to the Police,
bribed with beer Best Western Premier Garden Hotel at Entebbe Victoria Mall
held an event to make the longest rolex under the theme “Reach out
Kabayana waited for her hus-
band to fall asleep before cut-
Residents of Offaka Sub- to the needy; teach to cook not to beg. A ‘rolex’ is a Ugandan street ting off his penis from its base
county in Arua District accused food recipe comprising of an omelette rolled in a chapatti.” The using a four- inch knife. The
the police of demanding general manager, Kumar Bhupendra, said the rolex was prepared incident took place in Wantoni,
crates of beer before releasing by eight chefs, using 100 eggs, 5kg of wheat flour, 6kg of tomatoes, Mukono Municipality. Sekawa
suspects. The residents said 5kg of onions, two litres of cooking oil and 2kg of cabbage. It was was rushed a hospital in Kam-
when the police arrest them, the unveiled at a function attended by the Entebbe Mayor, Vincent de pala where he was treated.
first thing they ask for are crates Paul Kayanja, Charles Magumba; the town clerk and Miss Tourism Kampala Metropolitan Police
of beer before considering the Challa Elma. Three metres of the rolex was shared with all the guests Spokesperson Luke Owoye-
merits of the case or posting and the remaining two metres was donated to a school of children sigyire said an investigations
bond. Lillian Andama told with special needs in the neighbourhood. Pupils of the school were team had already visited Seka-
Lawrence Sydey Etima-Ojara, also trained how to make the recipe. The function coincided with wa’s home to gather evidence.
the deputy chief of party/ the Entebbe Tourism Festival that was hosted by Entebbe municipal The suspect was detained.
judiciary technical advisor, and council and Uganda Tourism Board in Entebbe.
Ms Maria Kaddu Busuulwa, the (Source: Daily Monitor).
coordinator of rights and rule of
law at Foundation for Human
Rights Initiative (FHRI), FHRI
Snake invades Museveni tent
A snake invaded the red kill the serpent. They trampled Water Ronald Kibuule, and the
that the police demand between
carpet, and passed just inches on it with heavy military boots, Mukono District chairperson
five and six bottles of beer
from President Museveni who smashing it to death. The fight Andrew Ssenyonga and Justice
before considering the case.
was addressing a public rally to kill the snake in a dimly-lit Catherine Bamugemereire,
The police in Uganda often
in Kirangira Village, Mukono VIP tent interrupted Museveni’s the chairperson of the Com-
demand bribes to do their
District. Ministers and senior speech. “What is it?” the Presi- mission of Inquiry into Land
work, but asking for beer is a
district officials fled from the dent murmured in Kiswahili Matters were among those who
new development. Etima-Ojara
VIP tent as soldiers in the Spe- as he moved his feet away. The scampered for dear life. Order
and Busuulwa told residents
cial Forces Command, who Minister of State for Lands, was restored and the President
that police bond is free.
guard the President, raced to Persis Namuganza, of State for resumed his speech.

38 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
Beer production line at Nile Breweries Limited in Jinja.

Behind URA’s Digital
Tax Stamps controversy
SICPA embroiled in fraud cases in various countries

U
By Patricia Akankwatsa stamps that are applied to goods or their the stickers on each beer bottle produced.
packaging but in this case contains security Similarly, Simon Kaheru, the Public
gandan government has features and codes to prevent counterfeit- Affairs and Communication Director at
bowed to pressure from ing. Coca Cola Beverage Africa (Uganda), said
manufacturers and decided They are sought to enable manufactur- introducing the new technology means that
to put on hold the intro- ers, distributors, retailers and consumers to the soda firm has to invest at least Shs 22bn
duction of Digital Stamps conveniently verify and trade all specified to comply with the taxman’s requirements.
intended to plug revenue goods throughout the distribution chain “Now these costs do not make any busi-
leakages. while ensuring that they meet their tax obli- ness sense at all,” he said.
This follows a series of meeting between gations. “We are very disturbed about the Digital
the Minister of Finance, Planning and This development comes as statistics Tax Stamps. In a way, it is negative and it is
Economic Development, Uganda Revenue from Uganda National Bureau of Standards going to add to the cost of doing business,”
Authority and Uganda Manufacturers show that 54% of products on the Ugan- said Barbara Mulwana, the board chairper-
Association. dan market are either fake or counterfeits, son at the Uganda Manufacturers Associa-
Finance Minister, Matia Kasaija, said dur- signaling sale of counterfeit products to tion at an earlier meeting.
ing the latest meeting held at the ministry consumers and also loss of government rev- “It is going to make it hard for consumers
premises on December.13, that he ‘will not enue as they do not pay taxes. to afford our products and that will affect
endorse anything that will be a burden to However, manufacturers have opposed revenue that the government will collect.”
the manufacturers.’ the new development arguing that it will The manufacturers have also raised 37
Last month, the government said it had increase cost of production to a staggering other issues seeking for clarification from
finalized plans to introduce Digital Tax figure of about Shs100bn per annum. URA prior to the Digital Tax Stamps intro-
Stamps as part of taxman’s scheme to com- Onapito Ekomoloit, the Legal and Corpo- duction.
bat illicit trade, seal revenue leakages, boost rate Affairs Director at Nile Breweries Lim- Among the issues includes; the URA’s
collections and increase efficiency in man- ited, said introduction of the Digital Stamps move to single source Swiss Company,
aging taxpayer compliance. means that the beer maker has to part with SICPA, to install and run the Digital Tax
Digital Tax Stamps are physical paper Shs30bn in installation of equipment to put Stamps system and why URA is starting to

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 39
business
implement Digital Tax Stamps with formal at the KRA told his quests during the 2018 products.
manufacturers who have clear and audited Tax Stamp Forum in Nairobi in May this However, Ian Rumanyika, the manager
production and distribution processes. year that while tax stamp technology is now for public and corporate affairs at URA said
The manufactures also want URA to prove well developed, its effectiveness especially the reason behind the introduction of Digi-
if introduction of Digital Tax Stamps will in combating tax evasion, depends to a large tal Tax Stamps is mainly to help increase
stir growth of the manufacturing sector and measure on the extent to which, such tech- government revenue and fight counterfeit
create more jobs for the local population, nology is infused into other tax compliance products on the market.
increase revenue collection and compliance processes. “One of the primary goals of the system
considering that the formal manufacturers “There is need therefore to look at tax is to close any existing gaps in excise tax col-
are already compliant, and show proof that stamp systems not in isolation but as part lection, which means addressing both illicit
there is under-declaration and undervalu- of the holistic process of addressing tax trade as well as under-declaration,” he said.
ation. compliance, and hence as part of the wider He said the new system is intended to
The manufacturers are also asking why technology infrastructure built to support monitor and control the production and
they should bear the cost of installing Digi- tax compliance,” he wrote for the Standard importation of all excisable goods, not just
tal Tax Stamps equipment as well as pay for newspaper, Kenyan-based daily. beer, and to give URA data to ensure and
the stamps in advance, prefer foreign firm He said the present practice where tax verify full and fair taxation of all products
to undertake the task instead of the local stamp systems are developed as standalone that are subject to excise taxation.
functional security printing firm, and thus platforms, may not in the long run effec-
undermining Buy Uganda, Build Uganda tively deliver the kind of holistic solutions Way forward
policy as well as why URA cannot use required for tax administration. The manufacturers propose that the
barcodes to track and trace goods, a formal After all, he said, detecting evasion of taxman could first carry out a free trial to
system that was already in the works by the excise taxes without having commensurate ascertain its feasibility prior to rolling out to
standards bureau. interventions to address other tax streams all the products.
Besides manufacturers interest to know Meeting Coca Cola Beverage Africa
how much of the money paid for the Uganda executives in October this year,
stamps will go to the government and the President Museveni, said the government’s
contracting firm, the manufacturers also
accuse the Swiss firm of involving fraud in There is need planned introduction of Digital Tax stamps
are only meant for imported items, not
countries they have won tenders including
Kenya, Brazil, Morocco, Albania and the
therefore to look at locally manufactured products.
“We only introduced them so that we can
Philippines. The manufacturers also want tax stamp systems stop smuggling,” Museveni said.
to verify the contracts signed between URA
and SICPA. not in isolation Quick facts about SICPA controversies
In May this year, Kenya’s High Court
ruled that the Kenya Revenue Authority
but as part of the  May 2015- Brazilian Police raids the
country’s federal tax agency and nation-
had not adequately followed constitutional holistic process al mint as part of an investigation in a
provisions in terms of public consultation
when imposing excise duties on bottled of addressing tax fraud scheme that allegedly channeled
US$32.26 million in bribes to finance
water, juices, soda and other non-alcoholic
beverages.
compliance, and ministry executives. The public ser-
vants were allegedly paid bribes to give
The contract that KRA had with SICPA hence as part of the the Swiss firm multi-billion service con-

wider technology
for the supply of the duty stamps was tract to monitor the production of cold
annulled, but KRA appealed the ruling and beverages such as beer and soft drinks.
on 11 May received permission to continue
with the implementation of the excise goods
infrastructure  May 2018- Kenya’s High Court ruled
that the Kenya Revenue Authority had
system. built to support tax not adequately followed constitutional

compliance
However, Christopher York, SICPA’s provisions in terms of public consulta-
representative in Uganda and Kenya said tion when imposing excise duties on
the company would fulfill its tax obliga- bottled water, juices, soda and other
tions, a response that manufacturers said non-alcoholic beverages.
could only be confirmed with making the  The contract the KRA had with SICPA
contract public. for the supply of the duty stamps was
annulled, but KRA appealed the ruling
Lessons from other countries and in May received permission to
Successful implementation of Digital Tax equally affected is not only narrow minded continue the implementation of the
Stamps could see the east African nation but also possibly as well self-defeating. excise goods system. KRA was to pay
follow Tanzanian’s and Kenyan’s footsteps “There is therefore a case for strong Ksh+ 27.68 billion for that financial
that have already done so in the region. partnerships between existing tax system year for services rendered.
Tanzania introduced the Digital Tax developers and those involved in develop-  In the Kingdom of Morocco, a SICPA
Stamps in September this year for both local ing tax stamp systems, in order for full contract raised concerns when it
and imported products amidst protests value to be delivered to customers,” he said, appeared than the price it was offering
from traders while Kenya did so in 2003, ini- adding that KRA intends to deepen its rela- for tax stamps were 10 times higher
tially covering tobacco products alone and tions with key players in the excise product than the price for the same service
expanded it to wines and spirits, a sector control chain including the World Health in Turkey. The company was said to
that had presented challenges in tax man- Organization through the Framework have been giving out bribes to the
agement and also public health risk associ- Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) leaders in the incumbent party during
ated with illicit alcohol, four years later. Protocol which calls for implementation of campaigns.
John Njiraini, the Commissioner General global track and trace systems for tobacco

40 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
business

Economy expands in 2018
Economists still question its impact on people’s pockets
By Julius Businge

U
ganda’s economy expanded
faster than expected in the past 10
months compared with the previ-
ous year supported by accommo-
dative monetary policy, rebound in private
sector credit and continuous investment in
infrastructure.
Data from Bank of Uganda, Ministry of
Finance, Planning and Economic Develop-
ment and the Uganda Bureau of Statistics
shows that the economy grew between
7-8% higher than the projected 6% growth.
This is higher than the annual 4.5% and
2.5% recorded in 2017 and 2016, respec-
tively, demonstrating improved confidence
in the economy.
Last month, the central bank retained the
central bank rate at 10%, the lowest since
2011; a decision that has triggered a sharp
drop in lending rates from as high as 22.6% created, how much tax has been collected international rating agency, says in its latest
at the beginning of the year to 20.3% at the as a result and are the exports growing,” he rating that the Ugandan government stayed
moment. said. broadly on track with its policy support
Private sector credit increased by 10.5% as Meanwhile, the BoU statistics shows that instrument and coordination program with
at the end of June this year compared with the total government revenue (including the International Monetary Fund as well as
5.6% in the previous year. grants) in July and August 2018 amounted with its wider relations with official credi-
At the same time, the government has in to Shs2.5trillion, which was Shs46.1 billion tors.
the past year invested billions of shillings lower than the projected amount in the The rating agency states that public-sec-
in various infrastructure including Karuma approved budget due to an under perfor- tor-led hydropower projects whose funding
and Isimba hydro-power dams as well as mance in grants revenue, specifically project continued in 2018 will boost the power sup-
airports and roads. support grants. ply in the next few years, helping growth
Additionally, both core and headline While grant receipts during the period prospects.
inflation was contained at an average of amounted to Shs98 billion, domestic rev- The rating states that the government
3-5% – almost the same rate as that of 2017. enue amounted to Shs2.5trillion, which made notable progress in reducing the per-
On the other hand, the exchange rate has was Shs132.5 billion higher than the pro- centage of the population below the poverty
been high throughout the year but some- grammed amount. line though their incomes remains highly
what stable at 3,700 per US dollar – slightly The current account balance (CAB) volatile, subject to climatic changes and fluc-
higher than the 3,600 mark for last year. remained fragile in the quarter to August tuations in export price.
The current growth in the economy 2018, according to BoU registering a 10% This, according to the rating, is based
signals increased job creation as well as increase in the deficit to US$565.3 million, on the fact majority of the workforce is
increased production of goods and services. from a deficit of US$513.6million in the employed in the agriculture sector
However, city economists including Isaac quarter ended May 2018. The increasing The rating agency says that due to what
Nkote, a senior economics lecturer at Mak- current account deficit was largely driven they consider to be a narrow export base,
erere University Business School (MUBS) by the expansion in the services deficit and they do not expect consistently high export
told The Independent that the reported the trade deficit. growth over the medium term.
growth is good and that he cannot disagree In terms of public debt, the stock was And that while commodity prices (tea
with the official figures released by govern- Shs.41.8trillion in August (42% of GDP). But and coffee) have improved in 2018 they
ment. with the exception of debt stock, BoU execu- have observed that only limited growth in
He, however, said he would like to see tives say all the public debt risk indicators non-traditional exports was recorded.
how this good performance has had an were within the recommended international Due to Uganda’s investment program,
impact on individual consumers’ incomes and regional benchmarks. S&P expects imports related to capital proj-
and other key players like industrialists and The executives said the risks to the debt ects to continue driving imports and mate-
agriculturalists that drive the economy. remains high worsened with high capital rial current account deficits (CAD) in the
He said the continued huge investments outflows as a result of high interest rates in range of 5%-6% of GDP.
in public infrastructure projects need to be advanced economies and the tightening of “In our forecasts for 2018-2021, the cur-
evaluated to ascertain its real impact on the global financial conditions. rent account deficit will widen to about 6%
economy. of GDP, due to higher oil prices and a pick-
“Yes roads and power dams are being Good rating up in public investments, resulting in higher
constructed but how many jobs have been But the Standard and Poor’s (S&P), an imports,” it says.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 41
business

URA shuts down six
service centres in Kampala
water, fire-fighting and air conditioning
Move to save taxman Shs3.8bn services.
In addition, the office complex has a cen-
in rental and administrative costs tral core atrium to enhance natural ventila-
tion and minimise mechanical cooling of the
building as well as house modern forensic
By Isaac Khisa This development comes as URA plans and science laboratories that support Tax

U
to collect an additional Shs1.9 trillion to Shs Investigations, Customs and Domestic
ganda Revenue Authority has 16.3 trillion this financial year compared Taxes operations.
shut down six service centres in with the last financial year.
Kampala as it relocates most of its Prior to its deadline extension, the Shs- Facilitating service integration
services to the newly built URA 139bn URA Tower was set for completion in Ian Rumanyika, the spokesperson in the
Towers. August this year. It is now the tallest build- office of Commissioner General earlier told
The service centres that have been relo- ing in Kampala with 22 floors divided into The Independent that the office complex will
cated to the new office space in Nakawa four podiums and 18 tower floors totaling facilitate a full integration of the back office
effective next year includes; large taxpayer to 26,021 square metres. service to support the self-service business
office, customs offices and legal services Pearl of Africa Hotel and Crested Tow- model of e-transactions, under one roof,
offices at Crested Towers, Tax investigations ers have 20 floors while Mapera House while maintaining only tax payers’ service
office in Kololo, Kampala North Office at and Uganda House have 19 and 16 floors, centres. 
Kubiri, Kampala South Office at Old Kam- respectively. “It is expected that URA will offer faster
pala, Kampala East Office at the Nakawa Constructed by Ms Seyani Brothers & Co. and better services to clients resulting from
Business Park and the URA Training School (U) Ltd as the contractor, the office complex process integration while reducing admin-
on Lugogo Bypass. will also provide for a car parking structure istrative costs to the taxpayer and URA,” he
URA said on its twitter account that the for 360 cars and surface parking for 710 said.
new building will provide a one-stop-center vehicles. The building will also improve the URA
for all URA services while cutting down on The total area of the parking structure image and corporate brand in the public
revenue administration costs. is 12,923 square metres with five levels for domain based on the fact that it has been
URA is said to have been incurring parking, with the sixth floor designed to the only revenue administration body in the
approx.Shs3.8bn annually as rent and other house a crèche for breastfeeding staff, gym, EAC region without a befitting headquar-
administrative expenses. Sauna and Unisex Saloon. ters building.
However, the taxman has also opened It also has an auditorium or multipurpose The tower will provide modern office
five new service locations at Finance high end conference hall for 300 people and facilities that support URA’s current and
Trust Bank (Katwe branch), DTB at Ham mini-meeting rooms at every floor. future work methods of different depart-
Shopping Ground, Nakivubo and Bwaise The building is also designed to be green ments. It will also improve security of vital
branches and Post Bank and United Bank with an Intelligent Building Management URA computer and other records through
for Africa on William Street, to assist in System (BMS) and other ICT innovations provision of state-of-the-art and round the
managing domestic taxes. including security access control, lighting, clock security.

42 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
business
By Isaac Khisa

U
ganda’s commercial banks
will pull off a surprise profit
growth amidst low interest
rates that dominated 2018.
This is due to a sharp decline in the
Non Performing Loans and growth in
the private sector credit as prospective
investors sought for more credit to
finance various investments.
Patrick Mweheire, the chief
executive officer at Stanbic Bank and
the chairman at the Uganda Bankers
Association told The Independent
in interview that banks are likely to
record at least 12-13% growth in profit
this year compared with 2017.
“NPLs are now around 2%
compared with around 7% last year.
Private sector credit is around 10-11%
from around 2% last year,” he said,
“So, the risk is down, growth is back

Banks 2018 surprise
up, and that means that we shall see
some growth in profits.''
Last year, the country’s banking
industry recorded a 10% growth in
net profit to Shs 673bn, up from Shs
611bn in 2016 excluding Crane Bank
(Shs 302bn including Crane Bank),
Low interest rates still
according to Bank of Uganda.
Based on individual bank
hinder industry profitability
performance, Stanbic Bank recorded
a mere 5% growth in net profit to
Shs200bn last year, up from Shs191bn that the private sector credit, though aversion given high default rate in the
in 2016. still weak, showed a sign of recovery in past.
Ecobank and Equity Banks recorded the FY 2017/18 relative to the previous Sector-wise, growth in private sector
a Shs 1.5bn in net profit, up from Shs year as monetary policy remained credit was mainly driven by growth
813 million and Shs 29.2bn, up from Shs accommodative over the period under in credit to agriculture, personal and
17.1bn, respectively, during the same review. household loans, and trade, which
period under review. The current Central Bank Rate at together constituted 50% of the total
Centenary Bank witnessed a drop 10% is still the lowest since 2011 when private sector credit.
in net profit from Shs 110bn in 2016 to Inflation Targeting Lite (ITL) was Credit growth to manufacturing,
Shs 101bn to 2017, a similar trend was introduced to tame inflation that had mortgage, building, construction and
witnessed by Standard Chartered Bank jumped to 30%, the highest since 1993. real estates, which together account
that recorded a reduction in net profit The highest point, the CBR has been was for 33% of the total credit, has notably
from Shs 128 bn to Shs 106bn. Bank of 23% at the end of 2011. recovered, having been negative for
India recorded a net profit of Shs 3.5bn in This has triggered a sharp drop in more than half of the financial year.
2017, up from Shs 2.3bn recorded in 2016. lending rates from an average of 22.6% “The trend, if sustained, is likely to
However, Commercial Bank of last year to 20.3% at the moment. boost investment and consumption
Africa, Cairo International Bank and Private sector credit grew, on average which should in turn boost growth,” the
Top Finance Banks, which recorded Shs by 6.5% in the FY 2017/18, which is report reads in part.
1.2bn, Shs 1.1 bn, and Shs 4.2 bn loss, higher than the 4.2% in the previous BoU said the banking system remained
respectively, are some of the six banks year. safe and sound during the year as all
that recorded losses during the year. Similarly, the private sector credit commercial banks were well capitalized.
Mweheire said the improvement in the had increased by 10.5% as at the end of The asset base of the banking
performance of the economy and easing June this year compared with 5.6% in industry grew by Shs2.5trillion or
of the monetary policy played a role in the previous year. However, the annual 10.2% growth from Shs 24.9trillion to
the industry’s profitability. private sector credit was 5.3% during the Shs 27.4trillion during the same period
Uganda’s economy is estimated to year compared with 3.3% in the previous under review.
have grown between 7-8% in the first 10 financial year. The industry’s gross loans and
months of 2018 higher than the projected The growth in Private sector credit is advances grew by 11% from Shs11
6% growth, according to the Bank of attributed to the easing monetary policy, trillion to Shs 12.2 trillion while
Uganda. This is higher than the annual improved economic conditions and NPL and advances reduced from Shs
4.5% and 2.5% growth rates recorded in reduction in supply-side constraints as 542.8bn to Shs 136.8bn. Total deposit
2017 and 2016, respectively. NPL declines. rose by Shs98.1bn to 438.8bn over the
This development comes as the Bank The sluggishness in the same growth, same period under review.
of Uganda Annual Report 2017/18 shows is in part due to the banks present risk

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 43
Business
retail transport

Shoprite opens first outlet in Kenya Uber unveils phone
the mall’s ground floor
will be the retailer’s first
service to users

T
outlet to be opened in axi hailing company Uber has intro-
Kenya. duced a 24-hour telephone support
The South African service on its app owed to increased
retailer, which currently demand.
operates in Tanzania and Previously, they had to rely on the US firm’s
Uganda with a strong in-app messaging service for assistance or were
presence in Central, forced to visit the Uber website for help.
Southern and West Africa, “Our new 24/7 phone line is the latest in a
also plans to open four series of improvements we’re making for both
outlets in the country next riders and drivers. This follows the new app
year. we’ve introduced for drivers, in-app emergency
The planned outlets button as well as Injury Protection cover in the
will be at Garden City event of an accident On-Trip,” Alon Lits, Gen-

S
Mall in Nairobi, City Mall eral Manager for Uber Sub-Saharan Africa, said.
outh African Mall in Nairobi, becoming in Nyali, Mombasa, and To call, users simply need to tap ‘Help’ in the
retailer, Shoprite, the anchor tenant at the Waterfront Mall in Karen main menu of the Uber app and select the ‘Call’
has taken over shopping complex. and at a new mall under option to be connected to Uber’s support team.
space which was Kenya’s Business Daily construction off Nairobi’s The lack of a human voice assist has been a
vacated by Nakumatt reported on Nov. 14 that city centre dubbed the grievance for passengers and drivers using the
supermarkets at Westgate Shoprite store located at Beacon. application.

aviation trade

RwandAir seeks approval to Maiden Intra-African Trade Fair held in Egypt

T
run-Accra-New York Route he first-ever Intra- initiatives that will facilitate

R
African Trade Fair movement of goods across
wanda’s national carrier, RwandAir, (IATF) to be held borders in competitive
hopes to use the West Africa hub of on the continent terms,” Prof. Oramah said
Accra to feed its direct flights to the was held in Cairo, Egypt, during the IATF opening
US once it gets the final approval between Dec.11-17, with ceremony.
from the Ghana Civil Aviation Authority the President of the Afri- The IATF, organized by
(GCAA) and the US Federal Aviation Agen- can Export-Import Bank, Amb. Pacifici and Kasaija Afreximbank, in collabora-
cy (FAA). Prof. Benedict Oramah, tion with the African Union,
A statement from the Ghana Civil Avia- calling for the implementa- event, initiatives that will and hosted by the Egyptian
tion Authority said although RwandAir has tion of initiatives that will catalyse a strong produc- government, attracted
formally made the request, the Authority is add meaning to that Afri- tion/industrial base for pro- about 70,000 visitors.
yet to approve it. can Continental Free Trade duction of export manufac- The trade fair came fol-
“RwandaAir has requested for 5th Free- Agreement (AfCFTA). turing, initiatives that will lows the successful signing
dom Traffic Rights from the Ministry of “We need to implement improve our knowledge of the AfCFTA that seeks to
Aviation to operate the Accra - New York initiatives that will add of, and access to, trade and enhance trade and econom-
route. This has however not been approved,” meaning to that singular investment information and ic growth across Africa.
the Authority said.
The move by RwandAir to use Accra as
its feed for the New York route comes as trade
competitor Kenya Airways cuts down its
frequency on the newly launched New York
route from seven to five due to low numbers.
EU boosts Uganda’s coffee sector

U
In October, Kenya Airways launched daily
direct nonstop flights from its Nairobi hub to ganda’s coffee sector has 3.7mil- East African Community-EU Market Access
New York’s JFK Airport. lion Euros boost to help increase Upgrade Program (MARKUP) to help trad-
market access to the largest and ers in coffee and the cocoa sector access EU
most lucrative markets in the markets and other inter-regional markets.
world. The EU accounts for 30% of the an- EU Head of Delegation in Uganda, Amb.
nual global coffee consumption. Attilio Pacifici, said the program will sup-
Finance Minister, Matia Kasaija said, port small and medium size enterprises
“This intervention will in return help (SMEs) in the country to gain better access
improve the livelihood of the communities to markets in the EU as well as increase
and business in the country and the region regional trade by enhancing the competi-
at large.” The money comes as part of the tiveness of the coffee and cocoa exports.

44 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
Business

dfcu gets US$30m for SME
By Julius Businge Shs639bn.

F
The facilities have been used
rench Development to finance various SMEs in
Finance Institution, sectors including education,
Proparco has arranged health, manufacturing, agricul-
a US$30m senior debt ture, transport, construction,
facility to support dfcu bank in hotel and tourism.
bridging the long-term financ- The new funding (US$30m)
ing gap for small businesses. will go towards financing
Proparco extended financing SMEs in similar sectors with
of US$15m alongside US$15m emphasis on businesses with
from FMO (the Dutch Devel- foreign currency earnings
opment Bank) to dfcu. potential, with the aim of
The facility is primarily boosting the country’s export
earmarked for financing small earnings.
and medium-size businesses Mathias Katamba, the
in line with the bank’s SME- incoming CEO of dfcu said the
Emma Mugisha, the Stanbic Bank Head of Corporate & Investment Banking, hands oriented strategy. operations of SMEs occupy an
over a trophy and TV set to Capt. Evelyne Asiimwe, the overall ladies winner of the Proparco’s head of financial admirable position in Ugan-
2018 Stanbic Bank Mug of Mugs golf tournament finale. institutions in Africa, Emman- da’s economic landscape.
uel Haye said on Dec.14 that He said despite being a key
they are pleased to once again driver of economic growth,
to partner with dfcu Bank in long term development finance
extending financial services to remains a huge challenge.
the SMEs. “This line of credit will
He added that the new cred- facilitate dfcu in providing a
it line reflects the commitment range of financing instruments
of both institutions to support to SMEs in order to enable
an inclusive and sustainable them to continue to play their
growth in Uganda. role in growth, innovation and
This line of credit builds employment,” he said.
on the long-term relationship He added that the facility
between FMO, Proparco and would further strengthen the
dfcu Bank which spans two bank’s capacity to grow its
decades since 1999. business and subsequently
Over the two decades, the consolidate its position as one
partnership has extended of the leading provider of long
more than US$170m to the term development finance.
Head of Mission at the Embassy of Denmark Majbrit Holm Jakobsen
bank which is equivalent to
and the Managing Director of Century Bottling Company Conrad van
Niekerk on December 13 signed MoUs in which the former would
collect used plastic materials at the embassy headquarters and staff
residences.   INDEPENDENT/JULIUS BUSINGE

Weekly share price movement (Dec.03, 2018)
Security Dec. 03 Nov. 19 Movement
BATU 30,000 30000 00
BOBU 139 139 00
CENT 980 1,015 3.4
QCL 249 255 2.3
DFCU 845 845 00
EABL 6,862 6,017 14
EBL 1,434 1,422 0.8
JHL 13,507 15,225 11.3
KA 347 349 0.5
KCB 1,434 1,413 1.5
NIC 15 15 00
NMG 2,487 2,519 1.3
NVL 337 340 0.9
Prime Minister of Buganda Kingdom Charles Peter Mayiga (left) hands
SBU 31 32 3.1
over a Shs30 million dummy cheque to Akuna Muchezo Development
UCHM 24 23 52
Club, the winners of the dfcu Bank Savings and Investment challenge
dubbed ‘Battle for Cash Season II’ at Kampala Serena Hotel on UCL 20 20 20
December 14.   INDEPENDENT/JULIUS BUSINGE UMEME 321 340 5.5
ALSI -- -- --

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 45
hemorrhagic fevers as the health sector’s

Could 2018 be Uganda’s
healthiest year?
hemorrhagic fevers as the health sector’s
A look at incidence of hemorrhagic biggest challenge in 2018.
As the year started, the country had just
fevers, typhoid, HIV/AIDS, malaria been declared Marburg free in December
2017 following outbreaks in Kapchorwa
and Kween districts in the Sebei sub region

A
By Flavia Nassaka trolling disease and infections was being in eastern Uganda. Then Ministry of Health
noticed globally. in January confirmed an outbreak of equally
s 2018 ended, the Minister of At the time Aceng visited, DRC was tough Crimean – Congo Hemorrhagic fever
Health Dr. Jane Ruth Aceng, going through what experts are describing in the central district of Nakaseke after
was on Dec.05 in Goma as the world’s second biggest Ebola out- samples from a nine year old sufferer tested
city in the neighboring DR break. The DRC outbreak was declared in positive. The Crimean Congo fever threat
Congo on invitation from August and by December, 405 cases of the remains as the year is ending. But the big
her counterpart; Minister virus had been confirmed, with 267 deaths. threat has been the Ebola fever outbreak
Sem Llunga. There was fear it could worsen and become in DR Congo in August. Atwine says, as a
Llunga must have noticed that Uganda like the biggest case so far that happened in result of that, the ministry has had to beef-
has had five hemorrhagic fever outbreaks West Africa. Over two years, 11,310 people up its High Hemorrhagic Fevers Surveil-
recently, mostly in western region close to lost their lives of the 28,616 confirmed cases lance Programme.
the DR Congo border and at all times man- in West Africa. “We increased alertness, which comes
aged to control them shortly after they were Aceng and her DRC counterpart agreed with huge expenditure. At the border points
confirmed. These include Ebola, Marburg, that to contain Ebola, Uganda and DRC for instance, we needed to start screening
and Crimean – Congo fever. needed to have high level coordination those who enter the country. We also had to
The DRC minister wanted Uganda to mechanisms and a platform to address ensure that the refugee camps and the bor-
show them how it is able to control the common challenges between the two coun- der districts are guarded. We also resolved
deadly Ebola hemorrhagic fever from tries. Uganda has not recorded a single case. to vaccinate our medical workers, mobilis-
spiraling out of control whenever there To achieve zero cases, according to the Per- ers and others,” she says, “I can’t put a fig-
is an outbreak. For Aceng, it was another manent Secretary in the Ministry of Health, ure to this and we are still spending. Most of
sign that the success of her ministry in con- Dr. Diana Atwiine, Uganda has had to flag this money is coming from donors.”

46 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
health
That costs a lot of money and resources. system of tracking and counting all medi- newly opened Mulago Maternal and
According to Atwine, the country had by cines. Neonatal Hospital. At its grand opening
December spent Shs4billion on the outbreak The Ministry of Health on Dec.11 in October, healthcare managers signaled
and more was still required. By March, launched the Uganda Malaria Indicator that it would offer world class service and
Atwiine says the ministry had spent up to Survey (UMIS) to survey 9000 households be a solution to the still high maternal
Shs5.2billion on managing Marburg alone. across the country to provide the latest mortality rates at 336 deaths per 100,000
And it is money well spent, according to statistics on incidence, prevalence and trans- births and cut child mortality rates.
Dr. Jimmy Opigo, the head of the Malaria mission patterns of the disease as well pre- The reality at the facility now is one
Control Programme at the ministry. For vention countrywide. Opigo is optimistic. of only few doctors handling thousands
him, the focus is on the experience the of waiting patients some referred and
ministry accumulated from battling hem- HIV drugs available others not. As one of the desperate
orrhagic fevers that is being used to keep Generally, the budget for drugs and sup- measures, administrators have now
other outbreaks at bay. He says the few plies was also enhanced by 18% to Shs41 bil- resorted to sharing doctors with other
cases like typhoid, cholera and malaria that lion. Even in HIV where there have always government facilities; especially at
sporadically came in were managed in a been strikes over stock outs, only a few of Kawempe General Hospital which
timely manner too. The Surveillance and such stories came up. The major complaint equally exclusively handles reproductive
Monitoring unit set up to monitor hemor- by people living with HIV had to do with and maternal health issues.
rhagic fevers, in the process, also captured a supplementary drug Septrin whose stock Atwiine acknowledges this challenge
information on these diseases. out still was largely due to guideline chang- and says training and staffing of more
In Opigo’s docket of malaria, for instance, es where government resolved to withdraw health workers is high on agenda for
he says surveillance showed they needed those that are suppressing their viruses 2019 now that even the renovations at the
to change approach from purely biomedi- from the drug. main Mulago hospital are complete and
cal to a public health approach that was Kenneth Mwehonge, an Advocacy Offi- is expected to open next month.
being used with the hemorrhagic fevers. cer with a local NGO – HEPs Uganda that For her, they wanted to initially
He says they are now focusing on provid- monitors availability of essential drugs tackle welfare issues of those already
ing messages that emphasize behavioral says the country scored highly on provid- employed. This year the government
action and also have involved President ing essential drugs as most of the facilities increased salaries medical workers
Yoweri Museveni and other politicians in they monitor did not report a stock out. with now a senior consultant earning
campaigns like distribution of mosquito Only contraceptives were affected by a shs4.5million from Shs3.5million, a
nets and how to use them, spraying of move by a US donor agency USAID to consultant earns Shs4.2million from
households and emphasizing testing before cancel a grant of the country’s biggest Shs2.6million whereas a medical officer
initiating treatment. provider Uganda Health Marketing Group earns Shs3million.
Opigo says even as malaria remains the (UHMG) in June over fraud allegations. This followed strikes by health
biggest killer, the number of deaths record- Still, Mwehonge points out, a lot of workers in November and December
ed from January 2018 to end of September people continued buying their drugs out 2017 where they vowed not to return
2018 was 1,600 and yet by end of 2017 they of pockets as only 50% of the country’s to work unless they have supplies,
had recorded more than 5000 deaths. That is drug needs are financed by donors and good housing and an enhanced salary.
a 70% drop. government. To him, this is a risk and that Their strikes hit hospitals so hard that
Hospital admissions, according to weekly as we go into 2019, the government should government in April threatened to
malaria status reports Opigo gets from be thinking about how to sustain the good import doctors from Cuba to fill the gap
districts show a decrease in severe malaria. gains made in 2018 especially in terms of something that was opposed by sections
Even facilities have unused stocks of anti- keeping out breaks at bay and minimiz- of the public; including civil society
malarial drugs of up to a year. Opigo is ing stock outs with these high levels of out organisations and trade unions. The
excited. of pocket expenditures on healthcare. He proposal of bringing in Cubans was put
“Supply from Global Fund for malaria says we are bound to lose the gains if the on hold because they thought salary
was cut by $10m. One would have expected government doesn’t quickly put in place enhancement would improve efficiency.
a stock out but health facilities are telling the national health insurance scheme, well But according to the Minister for
us they have excesses of anti malarials,” he equipped medical facilities and ensuring Health Dr. Ruth Aceng this appears
says. that there are enough human resources for not to have happened. “We are hearing
He says the Ministry of Health can tick health that are well facilitated to man them. this is not the case,” she told The
off the numbers because it came up with a Mwehonge’s worry can be seen at the Independent in an interview.

*terms and conditions apply

AfricellUG @AfricellUG

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 47
COMMENT
By Dag Detter
Unlocking public wealth
With professional, politically independent management,
a country could earn from its commercial assets

A
fter World War I ended, Havana financial statements indicate that the city dence in the late 1960s, it was hardly a very
emerged as one of the world’s has a negative net worth. But Boston’s total promising place. In fact, it was more dan-
most vibrant cities. During the first real-estate assets are actually worth almost gerous and riskier than most cities today.
half of 1920, rising sugar prices 40 times their book value, because they At the time, few expected Singapore to
and a favourable global environment meant are reported at their historic cost. In other survive, let alone prosper. Singapore’s first
that credit and finance were flowing into words, the city has massive amounts of hid- prime minister, Lee Kuan Yew, is often
Cuba, fueling the so-called Dance of the den wealth. quoted as having said (as early as 1957)
Millions. But, as David Lubin recalls in his And Boston is hardly unique. Public real that the idea of a potentially independent
book Dance of the Trillions, the party ended estate is often worth around 100% of the Singapore was a “political, economic, and
abruptly before the year was over, owing GDP of a given jurisdiction, the equivalent geographical absurdity.”
largely to U.S. interest-rate hikes, which of a quarter of the total value of the real- Yet it has managed to thrive, thanks
drew liquidity back into the United States. estate market. Governments simply don’t partly to its unorthodox decision to unlock
The Cuban sugar industry never recovered. realise this, implying massive opportunity its public wealth by incorporating portfolios
With U.S. credit to non-bank borrowers costs. of assets into public-wealth funds, making
in developing countries having more than With professional and politically inde- professional managers responsible for pub-
doubled since the 2008 global financial cri- pendent management, a city could, it can lic commercial assets.
sis – reaching $3.7 trillion at the end of 2017 reasonably be assumed, earn a 3% yield on Temasek and GIC, the holding companies
– Cuba’s experience should serve as a warn- its commercial assets. This would amount set up by the government, have used appro-
ing. But, for developing countries today, to an income many times more than Bos- priate governance tools borrowed from the
there is an additional complication: global ton’s current capital plan. In fact, for many private sector to fund Singapore’s economic
finance is increasingly governed not by the economies, professional management of development. HDB, Singapore’s housing
Washington Consensus, which encourages public assets could generate more revenues fund, has provided almost 80% of the city-
transparency and adherence to rules that annually than corporate taxes, drastically state’s citizens with public housing.
apply to all, but rather by an opaque and increasing the amount of funding available Likewise, in the 1990s, economic malaise
biased “Beijing Consensus.” for infrastructure investment. and high unemployment impelled Copen-
China is now the world’s second-largest This approach is proven not least by hagen’s leaders to get creative, consolidat-
national economy and the leading supplier Asian cities like Singapore and Hong ing the city’s old harbor area, as well as a
of credit to emerging markets globally, hav- Kong, which at one point were just as poor former military garrison on the city out-
ing filled the gap left by retreating Western as many of the cities in developing Asia skirts, in a professionally managed public
creditors. The terms of this lending are so today, and certainly much less affluent than wealth fund. Beyond transforming the city’s
murky that only China has information Havana in the past. It is worth remembering harbour district into a highly desirable area,
about the volume, maturity, and cost of that when Singapore achieved indepen- the fund enabled the government to build a
outstanding loans, which are issued on a transit system, all without dipping into tax
bilateral basis, often for political or strategic revenues.
reasons. As a result, assessing debt sustain- Similarly, Hong Kong, acutely aware of
ability is more difficult than ever.
But there is good reason to believe that
Public real estate its own fiscal limitations, found a way to
build a subway and railway system the size
many countries face serious risks. Accord-
ing to the International Monetary Fund,
is often worth of New York City’s without using a single
tax dollar: it developed the real estate adja-
more than 45% of low-income countries
are either in or near debt distress. And the
around 100% of cent to its stations.
There is no question that depending on
credit-ratings agency Moody’s notes that
many of the countries China has chosen to
the GDP of a given outside capital carries serious risks, espe-
cially when that capital can quickly flee,
participate in its infrastructure-focused Belt jurisdiction, the as Cuba learned the hard way. Leverag-

equivalent of a
and Road Initiative are among the world’s ing existing public assets, however, can
financially insecure. strengthen government finances, boost debt

quarter of the
Countries do not need to be at the mercy sustainability, and enhance credit worthi-
of major lenders like China. According ness, bolstering economic development in

total value of
to the IMF, the world’s public assets are the longer term. It shouldn’t take a crisis to
worth at least twice global GDP. Instead spur governments to pursue this course.

the real-estate
of neglecting those assets, as most govern-
ments do today, countries should be using Dag Detter, a former director at Sweden’s

market
them to generate value. Ministry of Industry, is a co-author of The
Most governments own airports, har- Public Wealth of Cities: How to Unlock Hidden
bours, metro systems, and utilities, not to Assets to Boost Growth and Prosperity.
mention far more real estate than people
generally realise. For example, Boston’s Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.

48 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
COMMENT
By Daniel Mundeva
Building Africa’s scientific talent
Discovering them means rethinking the entire
education system in Africa around three priorities

T
en years ago, South African physi- helping young researchers through so- it is currently being rolled out in Ghana.
cist Neil Turok made a bold predic- called sandwich programs, establishing Zipline has saved hundreds of lives and
tion: the world’s next Einstein will university-private sector labs on campus, demonstrated the potential of technology
be from Africa. A decade later, it is and more. transfer with large-scale impact.
worth considering whether the continent is Second, Africa needs indigenous knowl- The Next Einstein Forum (NEF), an initia-
any closer to finding the next global genius. edge creation. This requires facilitating tive of the African Institute for Mathemati-
Statistically, there is indeed a high prob- both fundamental and applied research cal Sciences (AIMS) and the brainchild of
ability that it will happen. By 2050, 40% of and creating the necessary infrastructure Turok, supported partly by the Mastercard
the world’s young people will be African. for the dissemination of research outcomes. Foundation, is demonstrating that Africa
By virtue of demographics alone, it stands This could include making more funding produces strong scientific talent. The NEF
to reason that Africa is destined to generate available to researchers and research institu- focuses on convening Africa’s innovators
prodigies in science or technology. tions, as well as promoting open sources for to highlight breakthrough discoveries and
Africans have led the world in science knowledge sharing. catalyze scientific collaboration for human
before. In fact, some of humanity’s great- The third priority is putting knowledge development. Since the first cohort of NEF
est innovations – from vaccines to brain into practice. This could involve making Fellows was selected in 2015, the program
surgery – were pioneered by Africans. One scientific information accessible to the has highlighted the contributions of young
of the oldest measuring devices ever used, general public and innovators, and sup- African researchers who are working to
the Lebombo Bone, was carved by people porting public-private partnerships to pilot, tackle some of the world’s toughest scien-
believed to have lived some 35,000 years demonstrate, and apply research outcomes, tific and technological challenges.
ago in modern-day eSwatini (Swaziland). In thereby creating jobs addressing public NEF’s current cohort includes Somalia’s
other words, mathematics itself is an Afri- problems. Abdigani Diriye, who created a blockchain-
can invention. A good example is Zipline, which enabled lending platform in Kenya and
For decades, science and policy luminar- deploys drone technology to deliver blood was recently named one of Africa’s top 30
ies like Calestous Juma, a global advocate transfusions to remote areas of Rwanda. To innovators; Nigeria’s Peter Ngene, whose
for science-driven sustainable development, deploy this technology, which is based on work on nanotechnologies is being used
and Wangari Maathai, an environmental American research but piloted in-country, to improve renewable energy and who
activist and Nobel laureate, championed Zipline signed agreements with the aviation also recently created a hydrogen-based
Africa’s science agenda. With these vision- authority and the ministry of health, among eye sensor that detects lactose intolerance;
aries now gone, Africa needs a new brain others, and a public-private partnership was and Vinet Coetzee of South Africa, whose
trust to inspire future generations of ethical set up to fund the program. After success- research in non-invasive measures of health
and public-spirited researchers. fully deploying the technology in Rwanda, has led to a patent application for a device
But how do we ensure Africa discovers, that could detect malaria.
supports, and develops innovative, game- With so many complex issues vying for
changing scientists? The missing element attention today, Africa will need innovative
has been an African education system that
supports innovation in research, and that At the moment, education and research models. But as long
as the NEF and similar efforts continue to
provides the next African revolutionary
scientist with the training and support he or however, nurture the continent’s brightest young sci-
entists and tackle systemic issues like fund-
she needs – in Africa.
Across the continent, there is a growing
too many of ing, mobility, and research infrastructure,
the odds are good that those leading the
consensus among governments that educa-
tion and research in science, technology,
Africa’s young search for solutions will be the very people
Turok predicted.
engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is
critical for economic growth and develop-
researchers Daniel Mundeva is an associate program
ment. At the moment, however, too many
of Africa’s young researchers see no option
see no option manager for education and learning at the
Mastercard Foundation.
but to go abroad for school and work. That
can change, but only with concrete invest-
but to go abroad Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.
ments in homegrown talent. This means
rethinking the entire education system in
for school and
Africa. Three priorities stand out.
First, African countries need to fix the
work
knowledge pipeline. That means investing
in teacher training, improved learning out-
comes, retention of girls in STEM courses,
supporting research earlier in university,

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 49
ART | BOOKS | SOCIETY | TRAVEL | CULTURE

Sane’s white faces
How Africans become invisible on the global stage

S
By Dominic Muwanguzi ing a novel experience here. It is obvious versy and imagery these articles invoke in
that Africans accept whiteness. Many the respective communities they’re pro-
ane produces politically en- whiten their skin and adopt western names duced in and beyond. Here, he’s also con-
gaged art: the art that inspires as transformative symbol of newly acquired cerned with the concept of moving histories
conversation on ensuing politi- power or status. When African travel to the from one part of the globe to the other;
cal situations. He draws interest west, many ditch the mother tongue they perhaps as a metaphor for a question; who
in his work with metaphors have spoken for years. writes history and where is Africa’s position
that satirically communicate the This appetite to be someone else, while in this global archiving? Is Africa visible,
evils of the Capital Empire with its villains. losing the true self, is destructive and anyway? Apparently, collage is a European
He sardonically implicates world political has prompted the rise of puppet leaders, modernist technique used by artists like
leaders like Theresa May (British Prime especially on the African continent. In his Picasso and working with it, especially in
Minister), Donald Trump (U.S President) drawings, Sane paints familiar African lead- this body of work, echoes the notion of our
and Queen Elizabeth II (Queen of Britain) ers swinging as puppets for world leaders living in the shadow of white people or the
because they infuse familiarity in his work. like Donald Trump whose political dogma fixation to be white in these present times.
They are white faces everyone can relate involves white- nationalism. The collage The exhibition `Shadows’ provides
to; archetypical of the incessant capitalistic printed photograph of Donald Trump important perceptions into the political-
excesses like corruption, racism, neo- wearing his traditional comic smile, with social context of the Capital Empire to
colonialism, war and greed that subjugate the word nationalism, emblazoned on his which Africa is clutching. As Africa seeks an
the African continent. The artist is blant; forehead, is symbolic of the creepy char- outside identity of whiteness, has it consoli-
declares that the continent’s socio-political acteristic of arguably the world’s greatest dated its local identity? It’s a dilemma or
misfortunes are naturally handed down to leader that renders him a tragic character uncertainty that makes black people on the
it by its oppressors: the western powers. for the social-political development of the continent susceptible to manipulation by
In spite of this adversity, Africans bliss- world. Is nationalism still a relevant ideol- powerful capitalistic nations or individuals
fully enjoy walking in the shadows of the ogy in this context of the new world order who often are promoting their own inter-
oppressor. Sane writes, thus, ‘Black’ people – globalisation-where national sovereignty ests.
live in the shadows of ‘white’ people and is rapidly receding? `Shadows’ - a multi- disciplinary exhibi-
accept their position as living shadows for Sane adopts myriad collage texts from tion is showing from December 12 to Janu-
whiteness. Whiteness symbolises power in international newspapers and glossy maga- ary 2019 at Afriart gallery, Kampala. Eria
this age and for people like Blavatsky, in zines in his work to respond to the contro- “Sane” Nsubuga is a Phd student.
ages to come too. Yes, the artist is not assert-

50 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
Coca Cola company paying you $100,000 to give up smartphone
Enhanced water company year. That’s a tough thing to do in and tablet as well as agreeing not to
Vitaminwater, Coca Cola-owned this day and age, but the company use anyone else’s handhelds either.
company, recently launched a contest is ready to make it worth your while Sounds easy enough, but first you
challenging entrants to give up their by putting up a $100,000 prize. That have to convince the company that
smartphones and tablets for a whole means giving up your own phone you’re the right person for the job.

This tiny sticker African leopards
keeps fruits fresh inspire Chinese
for 14 days? `Leopard Fitness’
Mi Youren, a 68-year-old
Food waste is one the pensioner from Jinan, China
greatest challenges of was watching Animal World
our time, and fruits and on TV when he saw the African
vegetables are particularly leopards chasing antelopes
problematic, as an estimated and got an idea. Today, he
52% of harvests go bad loves nothing more than to
before reaching consumers. put on a goofy tight leopard
But one Malaysian company costume complete with tail and
claims to have come up pointy ears, and practice a fit-
with a simple and effective ness routine based on moves
solution to this problem; he created himself based on
Stixfresh – a tiny sticker the movements of the athletic
that keeps fruits from Two slices of Christmas cake could leopards. He does what he calls
his `Leopard Fitness’ routines in
spoiling for up to two
weeks. It allegedly contains push you over the drink-drive limit parks and gardens in his home
a special, all-natural city. He walks, runs, and climbs
Christmas cake is the best. you might think you’re fine – stairs on all fours, lays flat
formula that slows down the Boozy, stodgy, festive delicious- forgetting about the healthy
ripening process, keeping on the ground with his limbs
ness. But if you’re planning on dose of spirit in the cake. Not to extended, imitates the clean-
the fruit fresh and juicy driving, then you may want mention the dollop of brandy
for much longer. Stixfresh ing ritual of the leopard, does
to take it easy. Experts have butter on the side. The research, handstands, all to keep in tip
founder Zhafri Zainudin warned that just two slices of the conducted by All Car Leasing,
says he came up with the top shape and at the same time
brandy-drenched dessert could suggested that drivers need to entertain passers-by. He has
idea for the stickers four put you over the legal drink- think about what they eat as
years ago, after visiting been doing it for 18 years and,
driving limit. And it would be much as what they drink, to as goofy as some of his exercis-
a friend who operated a all too easily done. If you’ve had avoid getting into trouble and es look, they seem to have kept
fruit stall and was losing a single glass of wine or a beer, putting their safety at risk. him in great shape for his age.
money every day due to
spoiled fruits. He partnered
with universities, research
institutions, and agencies to `Russia’s most advanced robot’ turns out to be man
create Stixfresh. When Russia’s annual sors and speakers like other
“PROJECT” scientific forum robots, and its movement did
in the city of Yaroslavl not appear to be robotic. He
opened, the audience got to was also too bulky, as if a per-
see Boris, a highly-advanced son could easily fit inside it.
robot that major news chan- Boris was unmasked as a man
nel Russia24 called “the in a commercially available
country’s most modern robot suit called the “Alesha
robot”. Boris can reportedly Robot Costume”. News out-
walk and talk, do mathemati- lets like Russia24 apologised
cal calculations and even away by the Russian robot’s for blundering and removed
dance, feats he demonstrated advanced capabilities, as were the video news segment from
on the stage of the “PROJECT” several news outlets, includ- its YouTube channel, but the
forum, on December 11. The ing Russia24. However people media outlet has yet to offer any
audience, made up primarily began asking questions as Boris explanation for the blunder.
of young students, was blown appeared not to have’ sen-

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 51
2019 car of the
year awards
By Agencies
The organizers of the 2019 European Car of the Year (ECOTY) have announced
the seven finalists of this year’s competition that will fight for the ECOTY crown.

T
he seven finalists in alphabetic order and even the cute Suzuki Jimny. Geneva Motor Show in March 2019.
are; Alpine A110, Citroen C5 Air- Many of the candidates were tested prior Meanwhile, some of the finalists for
cross, Ford Focus, Jaguar I-Pace, Kia to the 2018 Paris Motor Show in October the 2019 ECOTY are among the contend-
Ceed, Mercedes-Benz A-Class, and in a week-long event held in Northern ers for the 2019 World Car of the Year
Peugeot 508. Denmark. The test drive was organised by awards. A total of 85 international jurors
The nominees were elected from a total of the Nordic members of the ECOTY jury, will test the cars in the months to come
38 candidates that were announced earlier and journalists from a total of 18 different and the big winner of the 15th edition will
this year. Among them were the Aston Mar- countries attended. Following these exten- be announced next April at the 2019 New
tin Vantage, Audi A6, BMW 3 Series, Dacia sive evaluations, the next round of voting York Auto Show.
Duster, Honda CR-V, Hyundai Santa Fe, will decide the 2019 European Car of the
Lamborghini Urus, Volkswagen Touareg, Year, which will be announced during the Source: European Car of the Year

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Only available at spear Motors Limited

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52 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
motoring

Uganda top car in 2019
Race between Rav4, Subaru Forester, Kluger, Harrier
By Motoring Guru AWD system and the X

W
for off-road driving. It is
hen The In- a high quality car, with a
dependent’s good safety record, and
motoring guru robust suspension suited to
did a column Uganda’s often tough driv-

Rav4
in December 2017 predict- ing conditions.
ing the popular car of 2018, The Kluger is favoured
the focus was on the ever- mainly because of its larger
green compact SUV; the external frame matched
Toyota RAV4. with high ground clear-
Buried deep in that ance which give it a more
review was mention of an commanding presence
emerging competitor in on the road than even its
that segment on the Ugan- clone; the Toyota Har-
da market; the Toyota rier – which is also quite
Kluger. As 2018 ends, it is well-liked. In fact, Harrier
clear that a year is a long would have more appeal
Subaru Forester

time in the car business. if it did not guzzle so
Apparently, and without much fuel. That has left
official statistics, it looks the Kluger commanding a
like it is the Kluger and higher price – model year
not the Rav4 that has ruled for model engine – than
2018. In fact, the competi- the Harrier.
tion appears to have been It will, however, be inter-
between the Kluger, main- esting to watch the comple-
ly its Third Generation tion between these four
models, stretching from SUVs in 2019; the Subaru,
2014, and the Subaru For- Kluger, Rav4, and Harrier.
ester models of the same Toyota unleashed a Fifth
period. Generation Rav4 in 2018
The shift is interesting that looks quite exciting.
because in terms of looks, However, locally, the focus
the latest Rav4 models will be on the Fourth Gen-
on the Ugandan market – eration (2013 -2018) which
which means Second and could become more com-
Kluger

Third Generation models mon especially because of
(2000 – 2012) still boast new import restrictions on
better looks and the Fourth cars older than 15 years
and Fifth Generation since production. In March
(2012 – to date) Rav4 look 2018, Subaru released its
even better. The Rav4 also Fifth Generation Forester
makes a greater attempt which appears to break
than Subaru and Kluger with the past in the looks
at updating its technology department and offers an
and entertainment package impressive array of safety
of touchscreen multimedia and driving technology
and sound system, smart- and gizmos. But it will be
phone integration, and interesting to watch if the
safety. Fourth Generation Forester
But it appears the For- models (2012-2018) hit our
Harrier

ester is loved because it’s market. If that happens,
compact enough to pass the Kluger – which has
for a small car when it’s not had a major model
necessary yet its interior upgrade since its 2013
is larger than the Rav4 Third Generation offerings,
and ideal for whole family could be in real appeal
comfortably. It also has the trouble. The same goes for
power of its permanent the Harrier.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 53
Hajji Hussein Kyanjo on politics
of honesty and openness
By Agnes Nantaba won re-election in 2011 but did not com- One of his highest moments in the house

H
plete the term due to illness. was maintaining his position against gov-
ajji Hussein Kyanjo is a former The American embassy chose him to be ernment sale of Mabira forest. His role in
MP of Makindye East constitu- among the observers of elections in 1996 street demonstrations landed him in Luzira
ency in Kampala district. He was that brought U.S. President Bill Clinton prison. He says he doesn’t regret it because
one of the most candid opposi- for the second term in office. He says he it paid off; the forest wasn’t sold.
tion figures in the eighth and part of the received a lot of training on conduct as a As a member of the defense committee
ninth parliament, a position enhanced by legislator during the trip. After scooping and shadow minister of Internal Affairs and
his moderate approach to legislative issues the MP position, he still went about search- Human Rights in parliament, Kyanjo also
generally, yet very uncompromising on ing for a skilled and experienced legislator fought against army representatives in par-
others. Then he was struck by sickness and and reached out to Emmanuel Pinto who liament coming from one region. He want-
his speech failed. coached him on how to deal with anger and ed it balanced. Kyanjo has since returned to
In 2011 he was on a trip to Johannesburg, the press. Kyanjo also sponsored himself to private business.
South Africa when he woke up in the morn- visit the House of Commons where he met Born in 1960 in Ntuuma Bukomansimbi
ing only to discover that he was struggling Jack Straw who also trained him. district, Kyanjo the seventh born of 10
to speak. He imagined it was something He says serving in parliament consumed children of Hajji Siliman Zirabamuzaale
small that could be fixed easily by a doctor a lot of his time but it is worth it and “any and Mariam Nabuuma, started school in
on return home but he was diagnosed with good MP lets go of the same village attended Islamic educa-
dystonia, a movement disorder in which many other tion (Madarasa) at the current Bilal Islamic
a person’s muscles contract uncontrol- things”. School in Bwaise, then back to the village
lably. The contraction causes the affected and Kako primary school. He proceeded
body part to twist involuntarily, result- to Masaka Secondary School before
ing in repetitive movements or abnormal joining Makerere University in 1983
postures. Dystonia can affect one muscle, a to pursue a bachelor’s degree in
muscle group, or the entire body. Industrial and Fine Art.
Although the doctors pointed to about He chose to go into self-
three potential causes of the problem employment as a graphics
including inheritance of the disease, effects designer and supplier of
of a serious accident or poison. Kyanjo printing materials until
sticks to the poison bit and is unwilling to he joined parliament.
investigate the suspects or even the motive. Kyanjo married his first
“Only God can tell and as Islam says, we wife at only 21 years as a
shall have no control over our body parts student at Masaka Second-
on the Day of Judgment,” he says. ary school. By the time, he
Back then engaging him in conversation entered university; they had
appeared like one was torturing him and their first born child. In 2007,
many people avoided it. He is much better he married a second wife
today. His speech is less labored and he who passed on recently. He
comfortably chats for hours. His words are has six children. Kyanjo’s
still drawn out but he sits in a simple office wish is to be remembered for
space at Tirupati Mall in Kabalagala where being honest, consistent and
he meets with people in his private capac- respectful.
ity. To many political analysts, he remains
one of the hardest hitting law makers in the
history of Uganda. Kyanjo keeps an eye on
the political events of the country as they
unfold. He is often consulted by sitting
MP’s and other political figures.
“Mine was politics of honesty and open-
ness, “says Kyanjo about his tenure in
parliament, “My politics was shaped by the
kind of training that I undertook.”
Prior to winning the Makindye West seat
in 2006, Kyanjo was the spokesperson of a
little known party, JEEMA, and campaign
manager of its presidential candidate, Kibi-
rige Mayanja in 2001. He also run for the
Makindye West seat in 2001 and lost. He

54 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
Q&A

Hussein Kyanjo’s Liteside
Any three things that that most of my friends What is the quality you Where would you most
we don’t know about are Muslims but it’s not most like in a woman? like to live?

I
you? enough. You must be Ability to present I have to live here.
am governed largely good Muslims who fear her case honestly and
by my religion. I God. protect her husband if What is your most
am also strongly she is married. treasured possession?
governed by the Which living person do My religion.
norms of Buganda you most admire? What is the quality you
because they satisfy and I have great most like in a man? What is your favorite
complete me. I am also admiration for my Quality is defined by occupation?
directed by the general uncle Hajji Hussein behavior, conduct and Being a graphics
character of fairness Ssengendo, a retired the way he treats others. designer is my best
and justice; whenever Magistrate, Dr Kawanga occupation of all times.
someone is being Ssemwogerere and Joyce What or who is the
cheated, I feel I must Mpanga. I admire their greatest love of your What do you most value
do something and on modest life and decency. life? in your friends?
whether I succeed or not My parents and my Honesty, not being
is a different thing. What is your greatest wives are people who greedy and respect for
extravagance? stay all the time when respective religions. I
What is your idea of Making other people everyone else has run also long for friends
perfect happiness? happy; I try to help away. who wish others to be
I find life easy because people in my modest happy.
I am modest in all way. When and where were
aspects and I don’t carry you happiest? Who are your favourite
grudges. Happiness is What is your current When I joined the writers?
defined by six goals; state of mind? university in 1983; I Wole Soyinka; I find
pray and work to live I am fine. was the first to join a lot of education in his
well, eat well, dress university from my writings. They solve a
well, have a fair means What do you consider village and I felt so lot of problems within
of transport, affordable the most overrated privileged. The first time me.
medication and save virtue? to perform pilgrimage
some money to help the Acquisition of wealth; to Mecca and Medina in Which historical figure
poor and destitute. everybody worships the 1988 was also a happy do you most identify
rich ones and they are moment. The other with?
What is your greatest the only proud people in happy moment was I will live to admire
fear? Uganda today. the first time winning James Mulwana (RIP)
I have no fears and elections in 2006. who never made any
take everything simple. What does being effort to show that he
powerful mean to you? Which talent would you was powerful and rich.
What is the trait Even with a lot of most like to have? Hajji Abdu Bbumba
you most deplore in power, restrain from I would rather (RIP) is another one;
yourself? using that power; concentrate on the good he was very rich and
Sometimes I take a especially when angry. conduct and die with it. humble all the time.
long time to accept a
position. Often times, I On what occasion do What do you consider What is your greatest
insist on an old position you lie? your greatest regret?
and it is hard to bend I can’t tell a lie achievement? I don’t regret
me. I have however deliberately but as a Maintaining my anything.
learnt not to circumvent human being, sometimes stand in society; I have
on a position to avoid what I say doesn’t come been so careful not to How would you like to
stopping others from true. I however try to damage my reputation die?
going ahead. find time to apologise. and sometimes I force Abruptly.
myself to do things that
What is the trait you Which living person do look awkward but repel What is your motto?
most deplore in others? you most despise? hatred. I am proud that Believe in God.
I find difficulty in I despise anybody I have friends across
people who don’t fear who worships wealth or all areas including the
God. It would be natural material things. opposition.

Dec. 21 - 27 2018 55
Global comment
By Joseph E. Stiglitz
Beyond GDP measurement
We have to know what matters to people, improves
their wellbeing, and how we can supply it more

J
ust under ten years ago, the Interna- of policies focused narrowly on GDP and GDP, the decline in life expectancy among
tional Commission on the Measure- fiscal prudence has fueled this insecurity. those without a college education, and espe-
ment of Economic Performance and Consider the effects of pension “reforms” cially among those in America’s deindustri-
Social Progress issued its report, that force individuals to bear more risk, or alised regions, would have been apparent
Mismeasuring Our Lives: Why GDP of labor-market “reforms” that, in the name years ago.
Doesn’t Add Up. The title summed it up: of boosting “flexibility,” weaken workers’ Likewise, metrics of equality of oppor-
GDP is not a good measure of wellbeing. bargaining position by giving employers tunity have only recently exposed the
What we measure affects what we do, and more freedom to fire them, leading in turn hypocrisy of America’s claim to be a land of
if we measure the wrong thing, we will do to lower wages and more insecurity. Bet- opportunity: Yes, anyone can get ahead, so
the wrong thing. If we focus only on mate- ter metrics would, at the minimum, weigh long as they are born of rich, white parents.
rial wellbeing – on, say, the production of these costs against the benefits, possibly The data reveal that the U.S. is riddled with
goods, rather than on health, education, and compelling policymakers to accompany so-called inequality traps: Those born at
the environment – we become distorted in such changes with others that enhance secu- the bottom are likely to remain there. If we
the same way that these measures are dis- rity and equality. are to eliminate these inequality traps, we
torted; we become more materialistic. Spurred on by Scotland, a small group first have to know that they exist, and then
We were more than pleased with the of countries has now formed the Wellbeing ascertain what creates and sustains them.
reception of our report, which spurred an Economy Alliance. The hope is that gov- A little more than a quarter-century ago,
international movement of academics, civil ernments putting wellbeing at the center U.S. President Bill Clinton ran on a platform
society, and governments to construct and of their agenda will redirect their budgets of “putting people first.” It is remarkable
employ metrics that reflected a broader accordingly. For example, a New Zealand how difficult it is to do that, even in a
conception of wellbeing. The OECD has government focused on wellbeing would democracy. Corporate and other special
constructed a Better Life Index, containing a direct more of its attention and resources to interests always seek to ensure that their
range of metrics that better reflect what con- childhood poverty. interests come first. The massive U.S. tax cut
stitutes and leads to wellbeing. It also sup- Better metrics would also become an enacted by the Trump administration at this
ported a successor to the Commission, the important diagnostic tool, helping countries time last year is an example, par excellence.
High Level Expert Group on the Measure- both identify problems before matters spiral Ordinary people – the dwindling but still
ment of Economic Performance and Social out of control and select the right tools to vast middle class – must bear a tax increase,
Progress. Recently, at the OECD’s sixth address them. Had the U.S., for example, and millions will lose health insurance, in
World Forum on Statistics, Knowledge, and focused more on health, rather than just on order to finance a tax cut for billionaires and
Policy in Incheon, South Korea, the Group corporations.
issued its report, Beyond GDP: Measuring If we want to put people first, we have to
What Counts for Economic and Social Per- know what matters to them, what improves
formance. their wellbeing, and how we can supply
The new report highlights several topics, The hope more of whatever that is. The Beyond GDP
like trust and insecurity, which had been
only briefly addressed by Mismeasuring is that measurement agenda will continue to play
a critical role in helping us achieve these
Our Lives, and explores several others, like
inequality and sustainability, more deeply.
governments crucial goals.

And it explains how inadequate metrics putting Joseph E. Stiglitz is the winner of the
have led to deficient policies in many areas.
Better indicators would have revealed the wellbeing at 2001 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic
Sciences. His most recent book is
highly negative and possibly long-lasting
effects of the deep post-2008 downturn on
the center of Globalization and its Discontents Revisited:
Anti-Globalization in the Era of Trump.
productivity and wellbeing, in which case their agenda
will redirect
policymakers might not have been so enam- Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.
ored of austerity, which lowered fiscal defi- www.project-syndicate.org
cits, but reduced national wealth, properly
measured, even more.
their budgets
Political outcomes in the United States accordingly
and many other countries in recent years
have reflected the state of insecurity in
which many ordinary citizens live, and to
which GDP pays scant attention. A range

56 Dec. 21 - 27 2018
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