You are on page 1of 106

LEVEL B1.

2 FINAL COMPENTECES
Titulo:
NEW PASSPORT TO THE WORLD
PASSPORT TO THE WORLD B1.2 FINAL COMPETENCES.

Derechos Patrimoniales:
Jesús Oviedo Perez.

Co-autores primera edición:

David Fernando Moreno Ariza.


Víctor Manuel Gonzalez Esguerra.
Zoraida Isabel Mohamed.
Cristian Leonardo Sarmiento.
Luisa Fernanda Cuervo Marroquín.
Laura Rocha.
Luisa Fernanda Cárdenas.

Editorial:
Passco S.A.S.

Diseño y Diagramación:
David Fernando Moreno Ariza.

Impreso en Colombia por:

Lugar y fecha de edición


Bogotá Colombia
Julio de 2018
Fecha de Impresión
Julio de 2018

Material pedagógico sin costo comercial.


New Passport The World, in its “B1.2 - final competences” edition, has been
designed aiming to give authentic use of the English language in its spoken
and written form. With your New Passport to the World, you will talk about a
wide variety of topics, obtaining new tools for you to face the globalized world
and its diversity.

This learning material was created under the most relevant tendencies in the
EFL area, following a communicative perspective, that asks students to inte-
ract with different forms of the language, understand their functions and
appropriate them by facing natural and real production of the language. Besi-
des, it is thought as a light material easy to work with and supported with
virtual extra resources that you can use for free on internet.

Our program follows the rubrics, paradigm, and understanding of languages


that are presented in the Common European framework of Reference (CEFR),
the suggestions from the Colombian Ministry of Education in their Bilingua-
lism program, and finally, the nature of the methodology of PASSPORT LAN-
GUAGE CENTERS.

To take advantage from this resource you will be guided to understand how
English works,in order to achieve a contextualized use of the grammar forms,
to enrich your vocabulary and finally, to face justified and communicative pro-
jects while you work, learn and practice with all the communicative skills toge-
ther in conversational and productive tasks.
SCOPE AND SEQUENCE

A) Make small talk.


Etiquette and manners.
1- B) Confirm information.
Customs. Tag questions.
C) Talk about the weather.
Breaking The Ice D) Develop cultural literacy. Cultural literacy.

A) Learn about treatments. Symptoms.


2- B)Give advices. Medical procedures. Modal verbs for
Treatments.
Medical Issues C) Schedule and appointment.
D)Go to the doctor. Medications.
advising and
drawing conclusions.
Prescriptions.

A)Talk about products


Custom Service.
3- and services.
Conferences and Causatives active
B) Have things done for you.
Having Things Done C) Plan possible house
kinds of meetings
and events
and passive.
improvements.
D) Planning an event.
A) Discuss music tastes
and trends. Genres.
4- B) Ask about art details. Adjectives to
Noun Clauses,
embedded questions.
Music and books C) Share books’ benefits describe art.
and preferences.
D) Recommend a book.

A) Describe a natural disaster. Weather and Reported speech.


B) Prepare for an emergency. natural events. Direct and indirect.
5- C) Talk about natural disasters. First aid.
Power Of Nature D) Inform a natural event. Emergency situations.
Adjectives of severity.
A) Discover your talents.
Career.
B) Express regrets.
Abilities
6- C) Understand different
Qualifications.
Perfect modals.
reasons to regret. Future in past.
Don’t Regret D) Talk about your biggest
Skills.
Talents.
regret.

7- A) Discover holiday celebrations


around the world. Types of celebrations.
Festivities And B)Discuss customary holidays.
C)Discussing about unusual
Traditions related to
festivities.
Relative clauses.

Celebrations celebrations.
D) Talk about unusual celebrations
around the world.

8- A) Manage a busy schedule. Inventions and


Past perfect.
B)Talk about responsibility. discoveries.
What A Busy C) Discuss about the importance Describing technology.
Past unreal conditional.
of electronic devices in our lives.
Schedule D) Present a life changing invention.

A) Avoid controversy Controversial topics. Abstract ideas


9- B) Discuss controversial issues.
C) Understand the importance
Types of government. uncountable Nouns.
Verbs followed by
Expression to
Political Issues of tolerance in debates.
D) Become a president.
agree and disagree. objects and infinitives.

A) Explore the world Possible Risks.


B) Describe a geographical location. Dangerous places and Prepositions for
10- C) Discuss about dangerous.
animals. geographical places.
places around the world. Too + adjective + infinitive.
A Wonderful Planet D) Discover a beautiful spot.
Geographic description.
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A) Make small talk.
B) Confirm information.
C) Talk about the weather.
D) Develop cultural literacy.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

- Etiquette and manners.


- Customs.
- Cultural literacy.

In this unit,
you will prepare
an oral presentation
about do’s and don’ts
in a small talk.
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.
LESSON 1A Make small talk.
DISCUSSION: How do you approach a first time conversation?
Read the following Think of small
article. talk as the light
appetizer before the
main course, and
An Introvert’s approach it with
Guide To Small renewed purpose.
Talk:
“Introverts tend to
dread small talk. They 3.Channel your
worry that it will be curiosity:
boring, awkward, or Introverts tend to be
that they’ll run out of things to curious people. They
say. But in today’s world, small talk is love digging deep,
difficult to avoid. Cocktail parties, networking delving into topics
events, and even the line for coffee at work may that interest them, and learning what makes
require a brief exchange of pleasantries. Here are people tick. Channel your natural curiosity
some tips to master the art of small talk: into small talk. When you ask “how are you?”
or “how was your weekend?”, approach the
1. Reduce anxiety: conversation with genuine interest. Carefully
Introverts may approach small talk with anxiety, listen to the other person, and provide
ranging from slight apprehension to debilitating a thoughtful response. If you show true
dread. One introvert told me that he hides in the interest, you’ll invite further discussion and
bathroom or fiddles with his phone to avoid idle set a positive tone for future interactions.
chitchat. To curb your anxiety, stay rational and
positive. 4. Ask questions:
Introverts tend to feel uncomfortable
2. Be purposeful: in the spotlight. They are often reluctant
Thoughts tend to be self-fulfilling. If you to disclose too much about themselves,
approach small talk with the belief that it will especially to new people. So how can you start
be dull and pointless, it probably will. Instead of conversations and keep them flowing? The
dwelling on negative thoughts (“I’m awful at this,” answer is simple – ask questions. By allowing
“I hate small talk,” or “when can I go home?”), the other person to take center stage initially,
remind yourself that small talk isn’t superficial. you can build your comfort level and test the
Small talk serves an important purpose - it helps waters before sharing your own thoughts.”
build the foundation for authentic conversations
and deeper relationships down the road. Adapted from Forbes.com in 2017.

2 B1.2
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.
LESSON 1A Make small talk.
Define in one sentence the following expressions. Use your English definition
dictionary or search on internet. Exemplify your definitions.
Introverted: __________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Small talk: __________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
To curb your anxiety: _________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Superficial: __________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Down the road: _____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Digging deep: ________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Delving into: ________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
Spotlight: ___________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Reluctant: ___________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

Complete the following chart by listing the topics you frequently use in a first
conversation and those you don’t.

Topics you talk about. Topics you don’t talk about.


_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
_____________________________ _____________________________
___________________________ __________________________
3
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.
LESSON 1B Confirm information.
GRAMMAR TIP:
Tag Questions.

- A tag question is a brief question that comes at the end of a statement usually to ask
if the statement is correct.
- The tag question goes at the end and it is written by using the same subject of the
question, the same tense but in the opposite form (if the sentences is negative it goes in
affirmative and vice versa).
E.g You know him, don’t you?
You would go to Canada, would’t you?
Adapted from merriam-webster.com in 2017.

GRAMMAR PRACTICE:
Complete the following sentences with the correct tag question.
1. Mr McGuinness is from Ireland, ______________?
2. The car isn’t in the garage,___________________?
3. You are John, _____________?
4. She went to the library yesterday, _____________?
5. He didn’t recognize me, _____________?
6. Cars pollute the environment, _____________?
7. Mr. Pritchard has been to Scotland recently, _____________?
8. The trip is very expensive, _____________?
9. He won’t tell her, ______________?
10. Hugh had a red car, ______________?

Taken from English Grammar Online.com in 2017.

Visit the following link to get extra


content.
(Link 1).

4 B1.2
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.
LESSON 1B Confirm information.
Match the tag questions on the right with the sentence on the left.

1. You can’t answer all the a. didn’t he?


questions__ b. will you?
2. You will help me to do the dishes__ c. can’t you?
3. He believes you___ d. doesn’t he?
4. The teacher should explain the lesson__ e. can you?
5. The boy didn’t know the lesson__ f. should he?
6. Bob frightened you__ g. could she?
7. You can speak English well__ h. won’t you?
8. She couldn’t arrange that__ i. did he?
9. You won’t tell him__ j. shouldn’t he?
10. He shouldn’t do it__
Taken from a4esl.org in 2017.
Match a classmate with each statement. Write their names in the space provided.

1)_____________ went to bed last night.


2) ____________ plays a musical instrument
3)_____________ would like to go around the world.
4)_____________ has been to Southeast Asia
5)_____________ can play football really well.

Now, ask your classmates some tag questions to check if your statements are
correct. Make follow up questions.

___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___
Adapted from teach-this.com in 2017.

5
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.
LESSON 1C Talk about the weather.
OPENING:
Talk about the weather in other cities or
countries. Which seasons do you like? Why?
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
___________________________________

LISTENING:
Listen to the conversation and choose the correct answer. (DIGITAL AUDIO).

1) What did Buddhi do? 4) What seasons do they mention?


a) Have lunch. a) Winter.
b) Window shopping. b) Spring.
c) Watch a movie. c) Summer.
d) Karaoke. d) Fall.

2) What does she say about herself? 5) She says in Sri Lanka in summer
_______
a) She loves to sing.
b) She is good at dancing. a) you feel like something cold.
c) She had a good time. b) it is like fall in the hill country.
c) it is too hot to go outside.
3) What does he say about himself?
Taken from Elllo.org in 2017.
a) He loves winter.
b) He loves summer.
c) He bought a jacket.
Listen again and define the following expresions.
How ya going? ___________________________________________________
Cooped up: ______________________________________________________
Window shopping: ________________________________________________
Dance master: ____________________________________________________
Lose my voice: ___________________________________________________

6 B1.2
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.
LESSON 1C Talk about the weather.
Complete the sentences with the expressions below.
how ya going • cooped up • window shopping
• dance master • lose my voice

1- I hate being ___________ on a rainy day.


2- When I have no money
I love to go________
3- I often ______________ at rock concerts.
4- Hey, ___________ ? How are you today?
I can’t sing but I am a bit of a
____________.

Write a paragraph answering the question “What did you learn about the
weather in Australia and Sri Lanka?”

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Imagine you are from a different place of the country of those you really are.
Create a conversation with a partner about your weekend plans and the weather
there.

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

7
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.
LESSON 1D Develop cultural literacy.

OPENING:
Choose one of the following settings and create a small talk with a partner
using what you learnt in this unit.

At the party At a coffee shop In an elevator

At the supermarket At the park At the bank


Use this part for note taking.

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________

8 B1.2
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.
LESSON 1D Develop cultural literacy.
GROUP PROJECT:
In groups choose one of the following countries and talk about differences and
similarities between them.
Germany
Saudi Arabia
China
Pennsylvania
France
One of your choice.

Some topics you can include are:


- Table manners
- Clothing
- Men and women behavior
- First meeting in a new job
(interview).
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

Visit the following links to get extra content.


(Link 1), (Link 2) and (Link 3).

9
UNIT 1 Breaking the ice.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

10 B1.2
UNIT 2 Medical issues.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A) Learn about treatments.
B) Give advices.
C) Schedule an appointment.
D) Go to the doctor.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

- Symptoms.
- Medical procedures.
- Treatments.
- Medications.
- Prescriptions.

In this unit,
you will role play
a medical appointment.

11
UNIT 2 Medical issues.
LESSON 2A Learn about treatments.
DISCUSSION:
What do you do when you get sick? Do you go to the doctor or have a doc-
tor come to your house?

Read the following article.

At the doctor. GPs also make house-calls. These are


when the GP comes to your house to treat
“When most people are sick they will you or see a patient. Most often a GP has
usually see a General Practitioner, a GP. As to make house-calls to see elderly people
the name suggests, GPs are doctors that do who cannot get to the surgery easily. They
not have a specialty, such as a brain surgeon might be ill and need the doctor to give
or cancer specialist: they are able to diagnose them medicine or it could be that the GP
and treat all the possible diseases and any just want to check on them and make sure
problem that one patient might have. that they are ok.

They can treat and If you are


manage most illnesses ill, the doctor
and perform some will normally
minor surgeries in prescribe you
their practice. some medicine
and tell you to
Then for more go away for a few
serious cases they will days before you
refer the patient to a go back and visit
specialist. them again if you
have not started
If you need to see a GP you will normally to get better.
need to make an appointment. Sometimes The GP will also explain how you can have
you can just walk into the surgery and see a a better lifestyle that could prevent you from
doctor, but that is not very likely as GPs are becoming ill in the first place.
normally very busy and all their appointment
times will be fully booked. Often you have to They will normally recommend that you
wait several hours if not at least one of two stop smoking cigarettes (if you do), not to
days before you can get an appointment. drink too much alcohol and to get exercise.
If you are too ill to wait you have to go to a Once you have your prescription you will need
hospital and visit the accident and emergency to visit a pharmacy to get the medicine the
department. doctor prescribed you.”
Adapted from Excellentesl4u.com in 2017.
12 B1.2
UNIT 2 Medical issues.
LESSON 2A Learn about treatments.
GRAMMAR PRACTICE:
Answer the following questions according to the previous reading.
1) What is the difference between 2) Where do GPs normally work?
a specialist and a GP? A) In a hospital
A) There is no difference, they are B) In a school
both doctors. C) In a surgery
B) The GP normally works in a D) In a mobile vehicle
hospital and the specialist works in a
surgery. 3) What sort of person will most
C) A GP can treat patients with many likely be visited by a GP in their own
different illnesses, while the specialist home?
focuses on one area only. A) A new born baby.
D) You need to be referred to a GP B) An old person.
but not to a specialist. C) Someone with a serious illness.
D) GPs do not visit patients in their houses.

Match the expressions with their correct meaning.


__ A department in a hospital to treat urgent cases. (American
English) (noun)
a) Food poisoning __ A type of medicine that is used to treat infections by
b) General Practitioner bacteria. (noun)
(GP) __ A doctor that is not a specialist in one area but can treat
c) Emergency room all illnesses. (noun)
(ER) __ An infection in the stomach from eating food that was not
d) Disease/Illness properly prepared (often not cooked enough). (noun)
e) Wheelchair __ Something that causes a person’s health to be bad. (noun)
f ) Appointment __ The specific time and place of a meeting between people,
g) Diagnosis e.g. with a doctor. (noun)
h) Consulting room __ To look at the patient’s symptoms and decide what is
i) Antibiotics wrong with them. (noun)
__ A chair with wheels used to move a person who is too ill
to walk. (noun)
__ The room where a doctor meets with patients in private.
(noun)

13
UNIT 2 Medical issues.
LESSON 2B Give advice.
GRAMMAR TIP:
Modal verbs for advising.
- A Modal verb is a helping/auxiliary verb, many modal verbs have more than one
meaning. They are always followed by the simple form of a verb.
Should is a way of advising.
E.g. pregnant women shouldn’t smoke.
had better includes the idea of warming.
E.g. You had better visit your doctor.
Ought to implies moral responsibilities.
E.g. you ought to take care of yourself, anyone is going to take it for you your
mother more often.
Would refers to hypothetical pieces of advice.
E.g. I wouldn’t eat that cake, it is there since Monday.

Visit the following link to get


extra content.
(Link 1).

GRAMMAR PRACTICE:
Complete the following statements by using the modal verbs and the main verb.
1- Dave loves chocolate, but he _________________ too much or he will get fat.
2- The airline only allows two pieces of luggage. You _________________ pack too much or you
will have to take it out at the airport!
3- A: I’m so hot.
B: You _________________ your coat!
4- I’m going to visit your country. Where _______________ if I want to go shopping?
5- My mother isn’t feeling well, so I told her that she _______________ to the doctor.
6- It’s raining and I don’t want to get my dress wet. I _________________ an umbrella.
7- I need help, doctor. My baby doesn’t sleep well. What ________________ ?
8- A: I think that the grade my teacher gave me on my test is wrong.
B: Really? You ______________ to her after class today.
Taken from Uvic. ca in 2017.

14 B1.2
UNIT 2 Medical issues.
LESSON 2B Give advice.
Write sentences to give advice. Use the verb and the information in parentheses.
1. What should I do if someone is bleeding a lot? (should/apply a bandage and put pressure
on the wound) _____________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
2. What should I do if someone has a sprain? (ought to/put ice and a bandage on the joint)
_________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. What should I do if someone is choking and can’t breathe? (had better/do abdominal
thrusts) __________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
4. What should I do if someone has a bee sting? (had better/remove the stinger)
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
5. What should I do if someone goes into shock? (ought to/lay the victim on his back and
elevate his legs)_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

By using the modal verbs you learnt, create a set of advice for someone. Then,
discuss with a partner your pieces of advice.
Consider one the following situations:
- Mother is in the hospital.
- Planning a trip.
- Visiting a tropical country.
- Having a first date.

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

15
UNIT 2 Medical issues.
LESSON 2C Schedule an appointment.
OPENING:
- When was the last time you went to the
doctor? ___________________________
_________________________________
- What symptoms did you have? ________
_________________________________
________________________________
- What did the doctor recommend you to do? ______________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________

Match the following words with their corresponding definition:


a) Sprained ( verb)___ - Twist suddenly

b) Ladder (noun)___ - Directed or pointed

c) Refer (verb)___ - Purpose

d) Nature (noun)___ - A piece of equipment used for climbing up and


down

Listen to the conversation and choose the correct option. (DIGITAL AUDIO).
1- What is the man’s name? 3- What time does he schedule an
A. Russell. appointment to see Dr. Carter?
B. Randall. A. Tuesday.
C. Ronald. B. Wednesday.
C. Thursday.
2- From the conversation, how did
the man probably find out about 4- Why does the man want to see
Dr. Carter? the doctor?
A. He saw the office on his way home A. He hurt his knee when a tall ladder fell
from work. on him.
B. A friend referred him to Dr. Carter’s B. He injured his ankle when he fell from
office. a ladder.
C. He found Dr. Carter’s number in the C. He sprained his hand when he fell off
phone book. the roof of his house.

16 B1.2
UNIT 2 Medical issues.
LESSON 2C Schedule an appointment.
5- What does the receptionist suggest at the end of the conversation?
A. The man should put some ice on his injury.
B. The man needs to come into the office right away.
C. The man ought to take it easy for a few days.
Taken from esl-lab.com in 2017

Discuss the following questions about medical services in your country.

- How is the quality of the service?

- What are the most common treatments?

- Talk about bad or good experiences you have


had.

- Is it easy to get medication?

- What are the most common medicines


prescribed by doctors?

- What would you change from the medical service in your country ? Give reasons.

Write some guiding ideas in this note pad.


________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

17
UNIT 2 Medical issues.
LESSON 2D Go to the doctor.
DISSCUSSION
- When was the last time you had a
medical appointment to the doctor?
- Was it for an emergency or a regular
check up?
- Do you have any anecdote to share
about experiences going to the doctor?
- Which has been your worst experience
at the doctor’s office?
Choose one of the following scenarios and use the suggested questions and
answers to keep a conversation with a partner; do not forget to include your
own ideas.
2) At the reception:
- Patient: I want to see a doctor.
1) Seeing the doctor:
- Medical receptionist: Do you have an
- Doctor: How can I help you? / What
appointment?
is the problem?
- Patient: Yes,I have an appointment at 3 o’clock.
- Patient: I have got a temperature/
- Patient: No,I would like to make an
sore throat/headache etc.
appointment to see Dr.Brown.
- Patient: I have got a pain in my back/
- Medical receptionist: Do you have private
chest etc.
medical insurance?
- Patient: I am asthmatic/diabetic/
- Medical receptionist: Is it urgent?
epileptic etc.
- Medical receptionist: Please take a seat.
- Patient: I am in a lot of pain./I have
- Medical receptionist: The doctor is ready to
been feeling sick.
see you now.
- Patient: I have got diarrhoea.
- Patient: I have got a lump/swollen 3) At the reception:
ankle,leg etc. - Doctor: Can I have a look?
- Patient: I need another inhaler/some - Doctor: Where does it hurt?
more insulin/some medicine etc. - Doctor: Does it hurt when I press here?
- Doctor: How long have you been - Doctor: I am going to take your blood pressure/
feeling like this? temperature/pulse.
- Doctor: Are you on any sort of - Doctor: Could you roll up your sleeve?
medication? - Doctor: Your blood pressure is quite low/normal/
- Doctor: Do you have any allergies? high very high.
- Patient: I am allergic to antibiotics. - Doctor: Your temperature is normal/a little high/
- Patient: I need a sick note. very high.
- Doctor: Open your mouth, please.
- Doctor: Cough, please.
18 B1.2
UNIT 2 Medical issues.
LESSON 2D Go to the doctor.
4) Treatment and advice:
- Doctor: You need a few stitches.
- Doctor: I am going to give you an injection.
- Doctor: Your leg/arm etc. is broken.We need to put it
in a plaster.
- Doctor: We need to take an urine sample/a blood
sample.
- Doctor: You need to have a blood test.
- Doctor: I am going to prescribe you some antibiotics/ a Visit the following
syrup for your cough/a cream for your rash etc. link to get extra content.
- Doctor: Take two of these pills three times a day. (Link 1).
- Doctor: Take this prescription to the chemist.
- Doctor: You should stop smoking/cut down on your
drinking/take a rest/lose some weight etc.
- Doctor: I want to send you for an X-ray.
- Doctor: I want you to see a specialist.

Useful vocabulary.
-make an appointment
-have an insurance-temperature
pain-ache-have an allergy-hurt
-blood pressure-stich
injection-plaster-sample-chemist-
prescription.

Take notes in this area.


________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
19
UNIT 2 Medical issues.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

20 B1.2
UNIT 3 Having things done.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A)Talk about products and services.
B) Have things done for you.
C) Plan possible house improvements.
D) Plan an event.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

- Customer Service.
- Conferences and kinds of
meetings and events.

In this unit,
you will create
an event´s plan.

21
UNIT 3 Having things done.
LESSON 3A Talk about products and services.
OPENING:
What products or services have changed your life? Why?

Read the following fragment. Shaving goods sent to your door.


Signing up for a subscription service to order shave
goods when you could just as easily buy those same
Some products and services that seemed items in stores didn’t seem like a completely necessary
crazy at the time. or great service just a few years ago. But that concept is
what has made Wet Shave Club and other businesses like
it successful.
Think your business idea is crazy? Don’t be so sure.
Entrepreneurs through the years have innovated and
A toilet that flushes.
moved society forward with ideas just like yours that
Though the first evidence of flushing toilets comes from
seemed crazy at the time.
the late 1500s and in some civilizations even earlier, the
Sure, some crazy ideas turn out to be just that —
idea wasn’t widely adopted until the mid-19th Century.
crazy. But others have been just crazy enough to work.
Using water and pipes to dispose of waste from inside
And they’ve changed entire industries in the process.
homes was an idea that was
Below are some of those certainly ahead of its time.
product and service ideas
people thought were crazy at Renting your home to
the time, but ended up being
huge successes.
strangers.
Airbnb is still a growing
business that plenty of
A computer that fits on consumers are wary of.
your desk. But the company has now
Early computers were so amassed over 40 million
huge they took up entire guests and renters. Just a few
rooms and were mainly used years ago, renting out a place
for things like decoding to stay for a few nights was a
military communications. business reserved traditional
So, the thought that people would ever want computers hotels or bed and breakfasts. Today, renting out your
in their own homes for strictly personal use was living space has become a cottage industry.
revolutionary back when microprocessors came about
in the 1970s. A machine that dispenses food and drinks.
The first vending machines in the U.S. sold packs of
A phone that acts like a computer. gum on subway platforms. And the Thomas Adams
In 2007, shortly after Steve Jobs’ iconic keynote company, which owned those machines, had to add little
presentation where he unveiled the first iPhone, games and moving figures to provide incentives for people
Microsoft’s then-CEO Steve Balmer went on the record to buy. Now, vending machines that serve everything
as saying, “There’s no chance that the iPhone is going to from coffee to Doritos are a common occurrence and no
get any significant market share. No chance.” incentive is needed to attract customers on the go.
Adapted from SmallBusinessTrends in 2017.

22 B1.2
UNIT 3 Having things done.
LESSON 3A Talk about products and services.
DISCUSSION:
Which services or products mentioned in the article you frequently use? Why?
_____________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Which of the mentioned services or products you couldn’t live with?
_____________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
What advice can you give to people whose inventions are considered crazy?
_____________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

WRITING:
Write about 2 products or services that seems crazy at this time but that will end
up being a huge success in the future. Explain your reasons.

_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________

23
UNIT 3 Having things done.
LESSON 3B Have things done for you.
GRAMMAR TIP:
Causative Verbs.
- Causative verbs are used to show that a person causes, makes or enables another person to do
something or make something happen. The structure of these types of sentences can be confusing
as the verb after the causative verb may be in either the infinitive without ‘to’, the ‘to-infinitive’
or the past participle depending on the causative verb used.
- ‘Have’ someone do something indicates that a person used his/her authority to obtain the result.
E.g. The production manager had the technicians modify the electrical outlets.
- ‘Get’ someone to do something indicates that the person persuaded someone else to do
something.
E.g. The Human Resources Manager got the employees to sign a worksite safety agreement.
- ‘Let’ someone do something means to give someone permission and is similar to ‘allow’.
E.g. Their employer lets them leave early on Fridays in the summer.
- ‘Make’ someone do something is more like ‘force’ someone to do something.
E.g. She made me write a letter of apology even though I had done nothing wrong.

Visit the following


link to get extra content.
(Link 1).

GRAMMAR PRACTICE.
Complete the following statements with the correct causative and select the
right option.
1- Wena will .......... the dentist....... 2- She ........ her son ......... the bed.
tomorrow. A) clean
A) clean his teeth. B) do
B) polish his teeth. C) make
C) have his teeth cleaned. D) organize
D) have his teeth polished.
24 B1.2
UNIT 3 Having things done.
LESSON 3B Have things done for you.
3- He often ......his wife...... at the dry cleaner’s. 7- Sinta ........me ....... her to do her homework
A) clean his suits. as she gave up.
B) has cleaned his suits. A) got ...to help.
C) cleans his suits. B) made ... to help.
D) gets his suits clean. C) had .... to help.
D) let ....... to help.
4- Mr. Wayan will .......... Sinta ....... with the
laptop if she finishes her homework. 8- Did you ...... your brother ....... the box to
A) play. your father this morning?
B) use. A) deliver
C) work. B) gave back.
D) make. C) sent.
D) do.
5- I finally .......... the teacher ............... his mind
about punishment he gave to me. 9- Did someone .......... you wear that ugly clo-
A) change. thes?
B) make. A) get.
C) go. B) let.
D) hink. C) make.
D) have.
6- I would like to ........my mother........ for me,
as I’m an awful cook.
A) cook.
B) prepare.
C) make my food
D) have my lunch.

Create and Role Play a conversation where you get a service for you or your family.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
Taken from GlobalExam and SuparNgeBlog in 2018.

25
UNIT 3 Having things done.
LESSON 3C Plan possible house improvements.
OPENING: Discuss with a partner three repairs or home improvements you have
recently done and three you are planning to do (e.g., kitchen cabinets, roofing,
siding, etc).
Use the following examples as a guide.
- I had my walls painted.
- I had my dining table replaced.
- I’m going to get our car fixed.

Read and listen to the conversation. (DIGITAL AUDIO).


Dave: Hi Randall. [ Hi ] Come on in. a box against it to keep it shut.
Randall: Uh, yeah, I stopped by to see if you were R: Hmm. Great.
still looking for a roommate to share your house. D: Ah. It isn’t that bad.
D: Yeap. I sure am. Ever since I cut back on my R: Well how about the bathroom?
working hours to go to school, I’ve been really D: Well . . .
strapped for cash.
R: No, no. Don’t tell me. The toilet is clogged or the
R: Oh. sink has a few leaks.
D: Hey, let me show you the place. Uh, here’s the D: No, those work fine, but, uh, the tile in the shower
living room. needs to be replaced, and the window needs fixing.
R: Oh. It looks like you could use a new carpet . . . R: Let me see. The tile . . . what? The window? Where’s
and those stains? the window pane?

D: Well. I’ve had a few problems with some former D: Well, that’s another slight problem. I’ve put up a
roommates. I know it needs to be cleaned, but I just piece of cardboard to keep out the [ Hmmm ] rain
don’t have the money to do it right now. and snow , and if it gets a little cold, you can always
R: Oh. And what about the kitchen? turn up the heat. Well, you used to until the central
D: Right this way. Look. It’s completely furnished heating went out. [Oh boy.]
with all the latest appliances, except . . . R: Hey, I think I’ve seen enough. I can’t believe you’ve
survived under these conditions.
R: What?
D: So what do you think? You really can’t beat a place
like this for $450 a month. So it has a few problems,
D: Well, the refrigerator door is broken . . . a little but we can fix those.
bit . . . and it won’t shut all the way. It needs fixing, Randall: Uh, no thank you. I think I’ve seen enough.
but don’t worry. I’ve just improvised by pushing
Taken from esl-lab.com in 2017.

26 B1.2
UNIT 3 Having things done.
LESSON 3C Plan possible house improvements.
Infer the meaning of the expressions in blue and write them down.

Share: __________________________________________________________
Strapped for cash: __________________________________________________________
Furnished: __________________________________________________________
Appliances: __________________________________________________________
Improvised: __________________________________________________________
Window pane: __________________________________________________________
Beat: __________________________________________________________

Listen again and fill the missing information in the following chart. Use
causatives when possible.

House improvements or repairs David should get/ have A person who could
do it
E.g. David should get the carpet cleaned E.g. A maid

Imagine that you won a house makeover on a TV show. What does your house
need to get fixed? Write a paragraph explaining to the TV show producers what
they have to do to get your house totally repaired.

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________ 27
UNIT 3 Having things done.
LESSON 3D Plan an event.

DISSCUSSION:
- What kind of events do you attend?
Share ideas with the class.
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
__________________________

Make a list of what you would consider when planning an event.


______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
_________________________

Watch the following video and take notes of the important tips given on it.
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
_________________________________
28 B1.2
UNIT 3 Having things done.
LESSON 3D Plan an event.
Now, with a partner, choose an event you
would like to plan and make decisions
based on how you are going to have
everything done. Register your ideas in
the following chart.

Activity’s name:_______________________________________________
Sort of activity:_______________________________________________
Schedule:___________________________________________________
What do you need to get done previously?
-
-
-
What do you need to have done during the event?
-
-
-
What do you need to get done after the event?
-
-
-

Make a list of things you would not do when planning and event.
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
_____
29
UNIT 3 Having things done.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

30 B1.2
UNIT 4 Music and books.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A) Discuss music tastes and trends.
B) Ask about art and artists details.
C) Share books’ benefits and preferences.
D) Recommend a book, singer or band or artist.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

Genres.
Adjectives to describe art.

In this unit,
you will make
an oral presentation
recommending a book,
singer or band.

31
UNIT 4 Music and books.
LESSON 4A Discuss music trends and tastes.
OPENING:
Do you have musical festivals in your country? How are they?

Read the following text about Beyonce Knowles, Stevie Wonder and Jay-Z. The
festival is renowned for being extremely muddy,
Glastonbury, a major music festival in and on many occasions, most notably in 1997,
London. heavy rainfall turned the whole festival site into a
quagmire. Glastonbury-goers remain undeterred,
however, and are quite happy to boogie the festival
Glastonbury festival. away in their wellies.

The first Glastonbury Festival took place in 1970 Because of the high demand for tickets, the
and was organised by Michael Eavis, who still runs festival has also been famous for ‘fencejumpers’. In
the festival now on his farm in Somerset in the 2000, when only 100,000 tickets were sold, about
south-west of England. Michael charged people just 250,000 people attended the event – many of whom
£1 to enter, and the ticket included free milk from jumped over the surrounding fence to gain entry.
the farm.
Security increased in
Only 1,500 people 2002 and a ‘superfence’ was
attended on that occasion, created to prevent people
but this number has from entering without a
grown exponentially since ticket. In the same year, the
then. In 2011, there were new Pyramid Stage, graced
approximately 100 times by the presence of David
more people in the crowd Bowie, was welcomed back
and tickets, which cost following its demise in 1994
£195 each, sold out within when it burnt down just a
4 hours. The festival takes week before the festival was
place almost every year in to begin.
the last weekend of June and
lasts for three days.
The festival supports Fair Trade and has made
substantial contributions to charity over the years.
Although it is best known for contemporary music,
In 2003, over a million pounds was donated, and
Glastonbury (or ‘Glasto’ as it is often called) is host
Greenpeace, Oxfam and WaterAid continue to be
to other performing arts such as dance, comedy and
main beneficiaries. The next Glastonbury festival is
theatre. The festival site is now made up of distinct
set to take place in 2013, following a year off in 2012
zones, each one providing something different to cater
to make way for the Olympics and give the farmland
for the tastes of all those present. Countless famous
a chance to recover. Registration for tickets is already
British musicians have played at the festival, including
open.
Sir Paul McCartney, Oasis and Coldplay, however the
Taken from MusicisGREAT in 2018.
festival also attracts international interest, and has seen
headline acts in recent years such as the likes of

32 B1.2
UNIT 4 Music and books.
LESSON 4A Discuss music trends and tastes.
VOCABULARY:
Match the word to the definition.
1. exponentially. (adverb)__ A. an abbreviated form of ‘wellington boots’, which are
rubber boots worn in wet, muddy conditions.
2. countless. (adjective)__ B. well known, or famous, usually for a positive reason.
C. describes the way in which something is growing or
3. renowned. (adjective)__ increasing very quickly.
D. the end or death of something.
4. quagmire. (noun)__
E. very, many.
5. undeterred. (adjective)__
F. not prevented from doing something, even though it
6. wellies. (noun – plural – informal)_ may be difficult or problematic.
G. large in size, amount, degree or importance.
7. demise. (noun)__
H. a soft, wet area of land, which you may sink into if
8. substantial. (adjective)__ you walk across it.
Find the following numbers in the text and write a sentence to say what they refer
to.
1,500 The number of people who attended the first Glastonbury festival.
100,000
2013
4
1970
1997
>1,000,000
250,000
195
2002
1994

DISCUSSION:
Do you like attending festivals? Is Glastonbury an event you would
like to attend? Were you surprised by the numbers?

33
UNIT 4 Music and books.
LESSON 4B Ask about art and artists.
DISCUSSION:
Why do you think that it is important to learn about artists biographies and
lives at school?
GRAMMAR TIP:
Noun clauses as indirect questions.
The noun clause is a kind of embedded sentence that works as a noun of another sentence. So, instead
of using a simple noun you use a sentence to refer to a place, a person or a thing. Nouns are usually the
subjects or objects of the sentence.
In english you connect the noun clauses to the main clause by using “who”, “what” and “that”.

E.g. - What the English teacher said was downright inspiring. (This noun clause is used as a subject.)
- The wonderful thing about English teachers is that they all get along so well. (This noun clause is
used as a subject complement)
- I must decide which English course to take. (This noun clause is used as a direct object.)

Sometimes, instead of using question you use a sentence to ask, about a specific detail or just if something
is or is not. Noun clauses are usually the objects of the sentence.
In english you connect the noun clauses as indirect questions to the main clause by using “wh question
words” or “if ” in the case of yes/no questions. As it is no a proper question, use the auxiliary verb in the
affirmative or negative position.

E.g. What is his best work? I do not know what his best work is.
Where was Sir Arthur from? I wonder where Sir Arthur was from.
Who is the writer? I would like to know who the writer is.
Do you have my book? I’m thinking if you have my book.

Underline the noun clauses in the following paragraph from “The Picture of
Dorian Gray” by Oscar Wilde. Explain if they are the subject or the object of the
sentence.
The reason I will not exhibit this picture is that I am afraid that I have shown in it the secret of my own
soul. The moment I met you I saw that you were quite unconscious of what you really are, of what you really
might be. There was so much in you that charmed me that I felt I must tell you something about yourself.
I thought how tragic it would be if you were wasted. (Wilde, 1993)

34 B1.2
UNIT 4 Music and books.
LESSON 4B Ask about art and artists.
GRAMAR USE:
Choose wich sentence is correct.
1- a)Does anyone know is the test tomorrow going to be very difficult?
b) Can you remember what the name of the author who wrote “The Old Man and the Sea” was?
c) Have the decided how long are they going to stay in Hawaii?

2- a) I wonder why is the cafeteria is so crowded today?


b) Do you know where are they going to stay while they are visiting Vancouver?
c) Do you know whether or not they are going to have a large wedding?

3- a) Please tell me what your plans are after you graduate.


b) I was wondering if you knew what time is it.
c) Have you decided what are you going to order from the menu?

Change the questions to indirect questions.


1) Where does she live?
____________________________________________________________________________
2) What arrived in the post?
____________________________________________________________________________
3) How did they have the idea?
____________________________________________________________________________
4) When is she working?
____________________________________________________________________________
5) Why did he leave?
____________________________________________________________________________
6) Has she eaten?
____________________________________________________________________________
7) Have they found a flat?
____________________________________________________________________________

Group work:
Prepare a biography about an artist you
like, use noun clauses to give details about
the artist’s life.

35
UNIT 4 Music and books.
LESSON 4C Share books’ benefits and preferences.
Match the word or phrase and the definition under the image that best suits.
Span average behavior close off
page turner lose yourself in (something)

1. A period of time during which something continues; duration:


2. A typical, usual, or normal amount, rate, degree, level, etc.
3. The activity of a human or animal that can be observed.
4. Block, paying all your attention in something.
5. A very interesting, exciting, or suspenseful book, usually a novel.
6. to free your mind from worry.

Taken from wordreference.com in 2017.

Watch the video and write the advantages and disadvantages of reading books in
the chart below. (DIGITAL VIDEO).
Reading books.
Advantages. Disadvantages.

36 B1.2
UNIT 4 Music and books.
LESSON 4C Share books’ benefits and preferences.
Extra information about the books

Retrieved from www.youtube.com in 2017


Answer the following questions then share your answers with a partner.
Do you consider yourself a big reader? why?
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
How many books do you read a year on average?
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
Do you have any favorite author? Who is it?
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
Which are your main sources of reading?
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
Tick from the list which topics you would rather read about:
__News
__Sports
__Travel
__Fashion
__Politics
__Economics
__Technology
__Food
__Science
__Health and fitness
__Others: ___________________________________

37
UNIT 4 Music and books.
LESSON 4D Recommend a book, singer or band or artist.

DISSCUSSION:
-Who is this artist and which artistic
area is he into?
-How did you discover the existence of
this artist?
-Why were you inspired by him/her?

Watch the following video about some of the most influential artist.
Then, answer the questions. (DIGITAL VIDEO).
1. How many of the musicians of the video did
you already know? ______________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_______________________
2. Do you think there’s someone missing?
Who? Why? ___________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
__________________________________

3. Did any of these musicians inspire you in


any way?______________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_________________________________

4.Why do artists inspire some people? _______


_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
___________________________

38 B1.2
UNIT 4 Music and books.
LESSON 4D Recommend a book, singer or band or artist.
Oral Presentation:

Organize the information you have


about the book, artist, singer, band or
writer that you want to recommend.
Tell your classmates and teacher
everything there is to know about it and get them interested on it. Use the
following space to organize your ideas.
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

Did you find any of your classmates’ suggestions interesting? Write them below,
so you don’t forget about them.
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
______

39
UNIT 4 Music and books.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

40 B1.2
UNIT 5 Power of nature.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A) Describe a natural disaster.
B) Prepare for an emergency.
C) Talk about natural disasters.
D) Inform a natural event.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

-Weather and natural events.


-First aid.
-Emergency situations.
-Adjectives of severity.

In this unit, you will


prepare a role play about
reporting breaking news.

41
UNIT 5 Power of nature.
LESSON 5A Describe a natural disaster.
DISCUSSION:
-Which natural disasters has your country faced in the last years?
-Was your country prepared to face them?

Bogotá and Medellín, the thought of an


Read the following article about earthquake is always an important concern. The
earthquakes in Colombia. last major quake to hit Colombia took place on
January 20, 1999 when a 6.1-magnitude struck the
central coffee region.
The city of the earthquakes.
Besides severe structural damage to the towns
There is a region in central Santander that of Armenia and Pereira, the quake resulted in
shakes and rattles 365 days of the year. Perched on 1,200 deaths and a quarter of a million people
a plateau overlooking the were affected with economic
Chicamocha Canyon, the losses estimated at USD $1.2
town of Mesa de los Santos billion.
is Colombia’s most seismic Three lithospheric plates
place with some 40 tremors converge in Colombia: the
registered each day. Nazca, Cocos and Pacific.
This constant telluric action
At the epicenter of the creates multiple pressure
“Bucaramanga Nest” of points, as is the case at Mesa
fault lines, Mesa de los de los Santos, where the
Santos, from ground nation’s geological agency
level is a picturesque INGEOMINAS registers
resort community with a daily quakes.
manicured golf course and
wooden chalets for weekenders. Ranging between 1 and 3 on the Richter scale, most
of the movement swells from 70 or more kilometers
Even though the inhabitants of Mesa de los Santos below the earth’s surface.
have grown used to having the Earth move beneath
their feet, for those who live in large cities, such as
Adapted from thecuitypaper.com in 2018.

READING COMPREHENSION.
Answer the following questions.

1- Where is Mesa de los Santos located?


2- Which damages have been caused by earthquakes in the town?
3- Why does it tremble everyday in the Chicamocha Canyon?
42 B1.2
UNIT 5 Power of nature.
LESSON 5A Describe a natural disaster.
VOCABULARY:
Match the word to its definition.
__ to (cause to) make a rapid series of short, sharp sounds.

a- earthquakes __ a vibration.

b- shakes __ vibrations in the earth’s crust causing the ground to shake:

c- rattles __ to deal (a blow) to (someone), as with the fist, a weapon, or


a hammer
d- seismic
__ below; under.
e- tremors
__ to (cause to) move with short, quick movements:
f- beneath of or pertaining to the earth.

g- Struck (strike) __ terrestrial.

h- lithospheric __ to rise in waves, as the sea.

i- telluric action __ relating to, of the nature of, or caused by an earthquake or


vibration of the earth.
j- swells from
__ the crust and upper mantle of the earth.
Taken from wordreference.com in 2018.
PAIR WORK.
Write a paragraph telling one natural event that
happened in your town. You should talk about:
What kind of natural event it was,
Where it took place,
How it happened,
How the town was affected by.
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
43
UNIT 5 Power of nature.
LESSON 5B Prepare for an emergency.

GRAMMAR TIP:
Direct and indirect speech.

Direct speech repeats, or quotes, the exact words spoken. When we use direct speech in writing, we
place the words spoken between quotation marks (“ ”) and there is no change in these words.

E.g. - My mother told me, “Be home before the storm.”


- The reporter said, “the landslide caused various casualties.”
- Marta said, “I have been in 2 floods the last year.”

Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the
words spoken. We use reporting verbs like ‘say’, ‘tell’, ‘ask’, and we may use the word ‘that’ to introduce
the reported words. Inverted commas are not used.
She said, “I saw him.” (direct speech) = She said that she had seen him. (indirect speech).

E.g. My mother told me to be home before the storm.


The reporter said that the landslide had caused various casualties.
Marta said she had been in 2 floods the year before.

Adapted from ef.com in 2017.

Visit the following link to


get extra content.
(Link 1).

Re-write the direct speech as reported speech to complete the sentences.Use con-
tractions wen possible.
1- I am going to the cinema with my girlfriend.
He said_______________________________________________________________
2- John said, “I love this town.”
John said_____________________________________________________________

44 B1.2
UNIT 5 Power of nature.
LESSON 5B Prepare for an emergency.
“Do you like soccer ?” He asked me.
He asked me__________________________________________________________
“Be nice to your brother,” he said.
He asked me________________________________________________________
“Where have you been?” he asked me.
He wanted to know ______________________________________________________

Taken from www.myenglishpages.com in 2017

Correct the mistakes in the statements.


1. The newspaper told that there was a terrible storm.
The newspaper said (that) there had been a terrible
storm. The newspaper told us (that) there had been a
terrible storm.

2. My friend Anna said me that she was sick today.


_____________________________________________
____________________________________________

3. I told I will go there next week.


_____________________________________________
___________________________________________
4. She said him the earthquake had hit early in the day.
_____________________________________________ Write about how to get prepared for
__________________________________________ an emergency. Choose an emergency
5. The weather report told the weather would be better
tomorrow. event and include information on what
_____________________________________________ to do, what supplies to have, and what
_____________________________________ preparations to make.

_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
________________________________________

45
UNIT 5 Power of nature.
LESSON 5C Talk about natural disasters.
INTRODUCTION:
Answer the following questions.
1- Have you ever been in a natural disaster?
______________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
2- Were you prepared for that?
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
3- Give details about your experience.
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
4- How can you get prepared for a natural disaster in the
future?
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
__________________________________________

Listen to the following interview about natural disasters in Houston. then,


answer the questions below. (DIGITAL AUDIO).
1) What natural disasters does Houston have? 4) Where was he?
a) Floods and earthquakes. a) Home.
b) Hurricanes and floods. b) School.
c) Hurricanes and earthquakes. c) Soccer camp.

2) When was the first hurricane he 5) What can you do after a hurricane?
remembers? a) Swim in the streets.
a) 1983. b) Catch lots of fish.
b) 1984. c) Drive anywhere.
c) 1987. Taken from elllo.org in 2018.

3) What was the name of the hurricane?


a) Shelly.
b) Tina.
c) Alice.

46 B1.2
UNIT 5 Power of nature.
LESSON 5C Talk about natural disasters.
What is the name of the following disasters?

Choose one of the disasters above. Create a conversation where you talk about
having experienced the chosen situation. Use your imagination to talk about
everything that “happened” during the disaster.
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

Report to your class your


experience. You can use
images and extra resources to
prepare your talk.

47
UNIT 5 Power of nature.
LESSON 5D Inform a natural event.

OPENING:
How are news presented in your
country?
Why are breaking news important?

PRE- ACTIVITY:
Watch the following breaking news. Take notes of which information is
mentioned and how it is presented. (DIGITAL VIDEO).

Moments of the breaking news.


__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________ Kind of information presented.
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
________________________

48 B1.2
UNIT 5 Power of nature.
LESSON 5D Inform a natural event.
ROLE PLAY:

Now, choose an important natural


event’s breaking news in your country.
Prepare a presentation as if you were a
journalist.

In this presentation you should:


- Make a welcoming.
- Introduce the important event.
- Mention some statistics reporting the sources
of information.
- Give examples, show pictures and anything that
helps you to inform about the situation.
- Say anything that is expected to happen in the
following hour.
- Conclude your intervention.

Use this area to write any important idea for your presentation.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Take notes about your classmates most relevant information, you could be
asked to report what they are saying.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
49
UNIT 5 Power of nature.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

50 B1.2
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A) Discover your talents.
B) Express ways to regret.
C) Understand different reasons to regret.
D) Talk about your biggest regret.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

Career.
Abilities.
Qualifications.
Skills.
Talents.

In this unit,
you will prepare
an oral presentation
about : “I should have
done this differently….”

51
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.
LESSON 6A Discover your talents.
OPENING:
Do you consider yourself talented? Why?
of life and fulfill its purposes, while you create
Read the following article. your life effectively and choose it consciously to
be happy.
“The importance of using your
If you discover your talents and use them wisely,
talents” you will be making a great personal contribution
to yourself and the society. Your talent is not just
Every one of us is heavenly gifted in a unique for you, but to serve others too. It is worthwhile
way. Your innate abilities or aptitudes make you to mention here the saying, “Your talent is God’s
stand apart from others gift to you. What you do
by making more effective with it is your gift back to
and more successful and God.” In this way, it would
happy. They will also be a great unjust if you
help you uncover the hide your talents. Rather,
important objectives of you need to look for the
life while making you feel effective ways to improve
victorious in all the affairs your creative process and
of your daily life that shine your talents.
you deal with. Precisely,
God-given abilities or Regardless of the
aptitudes or talents that individuals chosen field
you have possessed make of endeavor, everyone
the greatest difference in is endowed with those abilities that can benefit
your life providing you acknowledge them and get oneself and others. All that you need to do is to
the most out of them for yourself and for others. create such an environment in which your talents
could thrive and the abilities be improved. It
Some people think that they are not creative. In fact, involves thinking about the positive aspects of your
each and every individual is unique in his existence. personality positively, while it helps in unleashing
As every one of us differs in terms of qualities, every your hidden potentials.
individual has different talents. The thing that is
needed here is that one should discover one’s talent. Therefore, discover your hidden talents and
It requires giving a serious thought about the way you start using them effectively and efficiently, so that
live and the aspects of your life. This would not only you may not only pass a successful life, but also
lead you to discover your talent, but also to fulfill create such environment for others that you can
your objectives of life. benefit them also. In this way, you will find ways
for cultivating joys and bringing happiness.
It is very important to recognize your special gifts or
talents, traits or creative strengths in order to live life Adapted from Expertscolum.com on 2018.
to the fullest, because you will find the true meaning

52 B1.2
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.
LESSON 6A Discover your talents.
Find the following words in the reading and define them in your own words.
Gifted: ______________________________________________________________________

Innate abilities: _______________________________________________________________

God-given: __________________________________________________________________

Qualities: ___________________________________________________________________

Talents: _____________________________________________________________________

Traits: ______________________________________________________________________
Pair work:
Complete the following chart
Write about the things you can do
Make a list of your talents and abilities. with your talents and abilities.
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
_______________________________________ _______________________________________
________________________________ __________________________________

Create a conversation where you give each other advice


on how to take advantage of your abilities.
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
_____________________________________________
53
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.
LESSON 6B Express ways to regrets.
GRAMMAR TIP:
Perfect Modal Verbs.

Could have/ couldn’t have are used to express past habilities.


E.g. The boy could have done the dishes himself, but his father decided to help.

Should have/ shouldn’t have are used to talk about something you did or didn’t do something that
was a good idea.
E.g. The girl shouldn’t have spun around so many times. She fell down.

Would have / wouldn’t have reffer to past condition, past situation.


E.g. This house of cards would have fallen over if the person who built it hadn’t been so
careful.

May have / may not have are used to express past possibility.
E.g. My grandfather may have used this camera when he was a young man, but I’m not
sure.

Might have / might not have are used to express past possibility.
E.g. Her mother might have put mustard on her sandwich. She hopes not.

Must have / must not have are used to express past probability. This indicates that something
probably happened in the past.
E.g. They must have practiced a lot because they’re very good musicians.

Taken from learnamericanenglish.com in 2018.

Extra resources:
To study more,
go to the digital version at
http://passport.edu.co/libros-pdf/

54 B1.2
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.
LESSON 6B Express ways to regrets.
Grammar Practice:
Choose one of the following modal verbs to complete the sentences.
Must have - Might have - Should have - Mustn’t have
1. John ________________ gone on holiday. I saw him this morning downtown.

2. Nobody answered the phone at the clinic. It ____________________ closed early.

3. I ____________________ revised more for my exams. I think I’ll fail!

4. Sarah looks really pleased with herself. She _________________ passed her driving test this morning.

5. I didn’t know you were going to Phil’s party yesterday. You ____________________ told me!
Adapted from esl-lounge.com in 2018.

Choose the correct answer for each question. Justify your decision.
If I had gone to the sales, I’m sure I .............. have bought something.
- might
- should
- would
Claire was very upset you didn’t go to her birthday party. You .............. have gone.
- might
- should
- would
The lights are out. They .............. have gone to sleep.
- might
- should
- would
Adapted from Autoenglish.org in 2018.
Think about some of the regrets you have had in your life and talk about them
using the perfect modals.
__________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
_____________________________________________
55
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.
LESSON 6C Understand different reasons to regret.
INTRODUCTION:
Why do you think people regret?

Listen to six people talking about their biggest


regrets and answer the questions below.
(DIGITAL AUDIO).
1) How many of them fulfilled their dreams? What were
their dreams? __________________________________
_____________________________________________
______________________________________

2) Why does the second person regret about sports when he was young?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

3) What was the regret of person number 4?


____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

4) What does Rebecca regret?


____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
Taken from www.elllo.org in 2017.
On 2012 The Guardian published an article about a nurse who recorded the most
common regrets of the dying and created a Top- five of the most common regrets.
Match the wishes with the correspondent regrets.
1- To express my feelings.
-I wish that I had let myself__
2- a life true to myself, not the life others
- I wish I hadn’t__ expected of me.
- I wish I’d had the courage__ 3- in touch with my friends.
- I wish I’d had the courage to live __ -4 worked so hard.
- I wish I had stayed__ 5- be happier.
56 B1.2
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.
LESSON 6C Understand different reasons to regret.
Check your answers in the following keep peace with others. As a result, they settled for a
mediocre existence and never became who they were
article. truly capable of becoming. Many developed illnesses
relating to the bitterness and resentment they carried
1. I wish I’d had the courage to live a life true as a result.”
to myself, not the life others expected of me.
“This was the most common regret of all. When 4. I wish I had stayed in touch with my friends.
people realise that their life is almost over and look “Often they would not truly realise the full benefits
back clearly on it, it is easy to see how many dreams of old friends until their dying weeks and it was not
have gone unfulfilled. always possible to track
Most people had not them down. Many had
honoured even a half of become so caught up in
their dreams and had their own lives that they
to die knowing that it had let golden friendships
was due to choices they slip by over the years.
had made, or not made. There were many deep
Health brings a freedom regrets about not giving
very few realise, until they friendships the time and
no longer have it.” effort that they deserved.
Everyone misses their
2. I wish I hadn’t friends when they are
worked so hard. dying.”
“This came from every male patient that I
nursed. They missed their children’s youth and 5. I wish that I had let myself be happier.
their partner’s companionship. Women also spoke “This is a surprisingly common one. Many did not
of this regret, but as most were from an older realise until the end that happiness is a choice. They
generation, many of the female patients had not had stayed stuck in old patterns and habits. The so-
been breadwinners. All of the men I nursed deeply called ‘comfort’ of familiarity overflowed into their
regretted spending so much of their lives on the emotions, as well as their physical lives. Fear of change
treadmill of a work existence.” had them pretending to others, and to their selves,
that they were content, when deep within, they longed
3. I wish I’d had the courage to express my to laugh properly and have silliness in their life again.”
feelings.
“Many people suppressed their feelings in order to Adapted from The guardian in 2018.

Explain what is your biggest regret right now and what would be your biggest
regret if this was your last day alive? Then, present your conclusions to the class.
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________ 57
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.
LESSON 6D Talk about your biggest regret.

OPENING:
Think about something that you wish you
had done differently in your life regarding
education, career or whatever you want to
share with your class.

PRE- ACTIVITY:
Watch this video about other people’s regrets. (DIGITAL VIDEO).
What similarities do you find with your
personal experience? _________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________

Do you agree with some of them?


justify your reasons.
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
________________________

58 B1.2
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.
LESSON 6D Talk about your biggest regret.
ORAL PRODUCTION
Write down your biggest regret and
talk about it by giving examples of the
backstory, what you think would have
happened if you had acted differently
and what you learned from it.
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
__________________________________

Share your presentation to your class. Use this space to take notes of what you
learn from their regrets.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Discuss the following questions with your classmates.


- What do you think about regrets?
- Do you think they are an important part of life or that you should aspire to live without them?
Explain your reasons.
- Do you think regrets are lessons? Explain your reasons.
- Do you think your life experiences helped you become who you are today? Explain how.

59
UNIT 6 Don’t regret.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

60 B1.2
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A) Discover holiday celebrations around the world.
B) Discuss customary holidays.
C) Discussing about unusual celebrations.
D) Talk about unusual celebrations around the
world.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

Types of celebrations.
Traditions related to festivities.

In this unit,
you will make
an oral presentation
about
unusual celebrations
around the world.

61
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.
LESSON 7A Discover holiday celebrations around the world.
Take turns to read the following facts about some holiday celebrations around
the world.
India. couscous with raisins and onions,
Diwali, the Festival of Lights, and desserts such as dates, raisins,
Hindu New Year, 13th Day of the and round sesame or almond
Month of Asvina (October or cookies called ghoribas.
November). The essence: A joyous
During this five-day celebration, culmination after a month of self-
Hindus fill their houses and reflection.
gardens nightly with clay oil lamps
or candles. The lights celebrate the
once banished mythic hero Rama
Philippines
Polka Dots and Coins, New
and his wife, Sita, and welcome
Year’s Eve On New Year’s Eve, men
Lakshmi, goddess of prosperity,
and women in the Philippines wear
into their homes. Families draw
polka dots, keep coins in their
rangoli, decorative patterns made
pockets, and adorn their tables with
in rice flour, at the entrance to their
round foods, such as grapes.
houses or in front of their household
shrines. Sweden. The essence: According to
Feast Day of Santa Lucia, Filipino folklore, circles symbolize
The essence: To light candles is
to give thanks for the blessings of Beginning of the Christmas Season, future good luck and riches.
the past year and shines the way for December 13.
good fortune in the next. According to legend, Santa
Lucia, a fourth-century Sicilian
virgin, wore a wreath of candles
to light her way as she brought
food to Christians hiding in dark
tunnels to escape persecution. (The
story is particularly appealing to
Swedes, whose country is dark
during much of the winter.) Her
generosity is reenacted every year Greece.
on the morning of December Saint Basil’s Day, New Year’s Day
Morocco. On this day, inspired by Saint
13, when the eldest daughter of
Eid Al-Fitr, the Feast of the
each Swedish family, dressed in Basil—a fourth-century bishop
Breaking of the Fast, First Three
a white gown (usually with a red and father of the Greek Orthodox
Days of the Month of Shawal
sash, representing the blood of the Church, known for his generosity
This celebration, held after the
martyred saint) and an illuminated to the poor and the needy—families
month-long fasting of Ramadan,
crown, brings a tray of saffron buns visit, exchange gifts, and celebrate
lasts for three days following the
and hot coffee to her parents in bed. with a feast. The meal includes
appearance of the crescent moon.
The essence: The ritual evokes Vassilopita (Saint Basil’s cake), a
The holiday, the most popular in
Lucia’s spirit of compassion and bread or cake inside which is baked
Islam, includes a feast featuring a foil-wrapped gold or silver coin
hope in bleak times.
62 that the diners then search for. To
B1.2
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.
LESSON 7A Discover holiday celebrations around the world.
acknowledge the saint’s kindness, Israel.
the first piece of Vassilopita is set Tu B’shevat, a Tree-Planting
aside for him. Ritual, 15th Day of Shvat
The essence: Whoever finds the On the 15th day of the month
coin, a symbol of good fortune, of Shvat (mid-January to mid-
can look forward to a happy New February), many Jews throughout
Year. the world celebrate the end of the
rainy season by planting trees,
eating fruit, and sometimes having
a Seder. Originally a nature festival,
Tu B’Shevat evolved into a day for Adapted from RealSimple.
emphasizing people’s responsibility com in 2018.
to the earth.
The essence: New beginnings and
connection to the land.

Answer the questions bellow.


Which of the celebrations were familiar to you?
________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
What celebration sounds more interesting to you?
________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

Organize the previous celebrations in the categories below. Add more celebrations
to each category and explain your reasons.
SEASONAL RELIGIOUS HISTORICAL
__________________ __________________ __________________ - Seasonal: related to
__________________ __________________ __________________ seasons of the year.
__________________ __________________ __________________ - Religious:related to
__________________ __________________ __________________ religious beliefs and events.
__________________ __________________ __________________ -Historical: related to
__________________ __________________ __________________ historical events.
__________________ __________________ __________________
________________ ________________ ________________
Pair work:
Create a conversation with your partner where you talk about your plans for the
next holiday. Choose any holiday that you prefer.
63
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.
LESSON 7B Discuss customary holidays.
GRAMMAR TIP:
Relative Clauses.

A relative clause is one that’s connected to the main clause of the sentence by a word such as who,
whom, which, that, or whose.
E.g.
- It reminded him of the house that he used to live in.
- The items, which are believed to be family heirlooms, included a grandfather clock worth around
£3,000.

There are two types of relative clause: restrictive (or defining) relative clauses and non-restrictive (or
non-defining) relative clauses.

A restrictive relative clause provides essential information about the noun to which it refers. It cannot
be left out of the sentence without affecting the meaning. The highlighted section of the first sentence
above is a restrictive relative clause. If it was left out, the sentence would not make sense: It reminded
him of the house. [which house?]

A non-restrictive relative clause provides information that can be left out without affecting the meaning
or structure of the sentence. The highlighted section of the second sentence above is a non-restrictive
relative clause. If it was left out, the sentence would still make perfect sense:

Adapted from oxforddictionaries.com in 2018.

Visit the following


link to get extra content.
(Link 1), (Link 2).

Study the situations and then decide whether the following relative clauses are
defining or non-defining. (Defining - no commas / Non- definding - commas.)
1- I have three brothers.
My brother who lives in Sidney came to see me last month.
My brother, who lives in Sidney, came to see me last month.
2- I have one sister.
My sister who is 25 years old spent her holiday in France.
My sister, who is 25 years old, spent her holiday in France.
3- Bob’s mum has lost her keys.
Bob’s mum who is a musician has lost her car keys.
Bob’s mum, who is a musician, has lost her car keys.
64 B1.2
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.
LESSON 7B Discuss customary holidays.
Combine the sentences using relative clauses.
1- Samuel Johnson was the son of a bookseller. Samuel Johnson was born in 1709.
Samuel Johnson ________________________________________________________________

2- In 1728, he went to Oxford. He studied at Pembroke College in Oxford.


In 1728, he went ________________________________________________________________

3- Johnson had to leave Oxford without a degree. He was too poor to pay the fees.
Johnson _______________________________________________________________________

4- In 1737, Johnson moved to London. There he wrote poetry, essays and biographies.
In 1737, Johnson ________________________________________________________________

5- In 1746, Johnson started to write his dictionary. It took him nine years to complete.
In 1746, Johnson started __________________________________________________________

6- His home at that time was in 17 Gough Square in London. It is a museum now.
17 Gough Square in London _______________________________________________________

7- In this house, his wife died in 1752. Her name was Elizabeth Porter.
In this house his wife ____________________________________________________________

Adapted from ego4u.com in 2018.

Think about a holiday, describe it, use relative clauses to give details about the
holiday
__________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
_______________________________________________
65
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.
LESSON 7C Discussing about unusual celebrations.
INTRODUCTION:
Share about a celebration from another country you find curious or intriguing.
Wha is it about? ___________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
Where is it celebrated? _____________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Read the following parapraph about Summer


solstice.
Worldwide, interpretation of the event has varied
among cultures, but most recognize the event in
some way with holidays, festivals, and rituals around
that time with themes of religion or fertility. In some
regions, the summer solstice is seen as the beginning
of summer and the end of spring. In other cultural conventions, the solstice is closer to
the middle of summer.
Watch the video about the Summer Solstice and answer the questions below.
(DIGITAL VIDEO).
What is step number 4 to celebrate the solstice?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
What would you need to organize a naked run?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
Where is this type of celebration becoming popular?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
Where does it come the word solstice from?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
66 B1.2
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.
LESSON 7C Discussing about unusual celebrations.
Complete the following sentences.
a. Making it the _________________ day of the year.

b. Visit Stonehenge, ________________ _________________ prehistoric stone monument.

c. You’ll need a _____________, freshly picked flowers, ____________________ ___________,


maypole and a naked run.

d. In ________________ _________________ people believe that flowers picked during summer


solstice had the ability to _______________.

e. Other great destinations for celebrate the solstice include ______________, _______________
and ____________________.

Read the following article and give a name to each way to celebrete the Summer
Solstice.
Here are some of the ways people Do yoga in India Alaska, residents have played an
celebrate around the world: The summer solstice is widely annual Midnight Sun baseball
Catch the sunrise at observed in India through mass game since 1906, TIME previously
yoga sessions. In 2014, the United reported. A player throws the first
Stonehenge. Nations declared June 21, the day pitch at 10:30 p.m., and the game
Thousands of people descend on
of the annual summer solstice, continues into the next morning.
England’s famous Stonehenge every
as the International Day of Yoga.
year to herald the summer solstice.
Adiyogi, the first yogi, is believed
The prehistoric site of ancient
to have met his disciples on the Take in pagan traditions
stones in Wiltshire may have been
summer solstice. Last year, about in Russia
a sacred place of worship and
30,000 people took part in a mass People in the Slavic nations
celebration for the summer solstice
yoga session in the northern city of — including Russia, Belarus and
for thousands of years, according to
Chandigarh and more than 100,000 Ukraine — celebrate the start of the
English Heritage, which manages
people gathered for another yoga summer with a pagan celebration
the popular destination. It is known
class in Faridabad. more commonly known as Ivan
for its precise alignment with the
Kupala Day. The event marks the
sun’s movement, although how and
Play ball in America summer solstice but usually takes
why the site was first built remains
The relatively new tradition in place shortly afterward, in July.
a mystery. About 12,000 people
India of practicing yoga in honor Revelers typically make an effigy
flocked to Stonehenge last year
of the summer solstice recently out of plants and later burn or
to dance, play the drums, kiss the
carried over to the U.S., where otherwise destroy it, according to
stones and do yoga as the sun came
thousands gather in New York City Kononenko. The act is believed to be
up, the Associated Press reported.
to do yoga. Americans have also a sacrifice to ensure a good harvest.
The iconic site drew some 23,000 in
turned to baseball in honor of the “It’s purification,” Kononenko said.
2015.
international event. In Fairbanks, Adapted from time.com in 2018.
67
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.
LESSON 7D Talk about unusual celebrations around the world.

OPENING:
Watch the following video and answer the
questions about it. (DIGITAL VIDEO).

Where is Saint Catherine’s day celebrated?


________________________________________
________________________________________
___________________________________
What is this tradition about?
________________________________________
________________________________________
___________________________________
Where is El colacho Celebrated? What is the purpose of El Colacho?
________________________________________ ___________________________________
________________________________________ ___________________________________
___________________________________ ___________________________________
_______________________________
When and where is Kanamara Matsuri
celebrated?
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
_______________________________
What is the meaning of this celebration?
___________________________________
___________________________________
_______________________________

Which of these celebrations would you like to attend? Why?


__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Do you know any other unusual or strange celebration around the world? Which one?
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

68 B1.2
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.
LESSON 7D Talk about unusual celebrations around the world.

ORAL PRODUCTION:
Research about an unusual or different
celebration or tradition from another
city or country.

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
__________________________________

Prepare a presentation and talk about it from 3 to 5 minutes.


________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Useful Vocabulary
- baby shower - barbecue / cookout - birthday party
- dance - family get-together - going-away party
- feast - fireworks display - funeral
- graduation - parade - picnic
- potluck dinner - reception - wedding
- welcome party - attend a party - cancel a get-together
- hold a reception - postpone a dance -throw a going-away party
Taken from Esl-lab.com in 2018.
69
UNIT 7 Festivities and celebrations.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

70 B1.2
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A) Manage a busy schedule.
B)Talk about responsibility.
C) Discuss about the importance of electronic
devices in our lives.
D) Present a life changing invention.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

Inventions and discoveries.


Describing technology.

In this unit,
you will prepare a talk
about an important
invention.

71
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.
LESSON 8A Manage a busy schedule.
INTRODUCTION:
- How do you manage your time?
- What are some recommendations you have for someone with a busy agenda?
- Do you find it easy or difficult to stay organized? Explain your reasons.
Read the following article in which a college student can make the most of their
“Managing a Busy Schedule for time while managing a busy schedule. At the beginning
of the week, the student should look over classes,
College Students” commitments and activities that are logged in one’s
While in college a student can easily become day-planner or calendar. For each activity students will
overwhelmed by a schedule that is busier than want to first determine a time frame to complete it, and
he or she is accustomed to. Trying to juggle second, make efforts to shorten the length of time that
one’s studies and social life can quickly become it will take to complete them if possible. For example,
overwhelming and may eventually threaten one’s consider whether any two assignments can be combined
grades and educational goals. This is further or even divided up into multiple tasks.
exacerbated by other bad habits that consume
one’s time, such as procrastination, for example. Prioritizing Tasks
Unfortunately, it isn’t always easy to cut back on Prioritizing one’s work will not only help them
the number of activities that complete it faster, but it will also ensure that the most
important items are done first.
make up a student’s schedule.
After the important items have
To create a balance between
been identified they need to be
study and social interaction,
labeled or arranged in order of
students must learn and
urgency. One way to do that
implement valuable time
is to label them with a letter,
management skills
number, or even a color so that
Getting Organized. they are immediately identified
Getting and staying based on priority. For example,
organized is a simple and if using letters, assign the most
highly effective way of taking urgent assignment or activity
control of one’s schedule. One of the first and with the letter “A.” The next
most important steps is to immediately and item of importance should be given the letter “B” and so
faithfully make note of what needs to be done forth.
and when. There are a number of methods Set Goals
that can successfully accomplish this such as Clear goals can help improve a student’s focus and often
using a spreadsheet program on one’s computer allows him or her to perform better. By setting a goal
or laptop, a planner, organizer, or calendar. the student has created a clear vision of what he or she
Whichever method a person chooses it should wants to achieve and when. Goals should be specific in
be one that he or she finds convenient and easy that they state exactly what the student plans to achieve.
to use. Documenting assignments and events They should be realistic, obtainable and something that
will make it easier to keep track of them, but the student’s actions can influence. He or she should also
only if the student makes an effort to consult it be able to measure the progress that is being made toward
on a daily basis. reaching the goal.
Plan Ahead for the Week.
Planning ahead for the week is another way
72 B1.2
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.
LESSON 8A Manage a busy schedule.
Stress Management
Stress is a common and natural consequence of an overly busy college
schedule. Ideally, the best way to manage it is to avoid overloading one’s
schedule in the first place. Unfortunately, stress can be unavoidable for
some students. When this is the case, stress management strategies can
help make it more tolerable. Getting enough sleep and eating a healthy
diet are two key aspects of stress management. In addition, exercising
will not only help strengthen the body, but it is also a way to release
stress. Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing can also prove
beneficial. During days that are more work than relaxation, taking short
breaks can help. During these breaks students may want to take a walk,
talk to a friend or simply spend a few minutes alone.
Adapted from Timecenter.com in 2018.

Find the following words and expressions in the reading and define them in your
own words.
Accustomed to ____________________________________________________________________
Juggle ________________________________________________________________________
Procrastination __________________________________________________________________
Cut back ________________________________________________________________________
Commitments ___________________________________________________________________
Order of urgency ______________________________________________________________
Obtainable _____________________________________________________________________
Watch the following video and take notes of them. (DIGITAL VIDEO).
Which ones would you put into practice?
Which ones would you add?
Which other tips do you have to be more organized and to stay focused?

1- ______________________________________________________________________
2- ______________________________________________________________________
3- ______________________________________________________________________
4- ______________________________________________________________________
5- ______________________________________________________________________
6- ______________________________________________________________________
7- ______________________________________________________________________
8- ______________________________________________________________________
9- ______________________________________________________________________
10-______________________________________________________________________

73
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.
LESSON 8B Talk about responsibility.
GRAMMAR TIP:
Past Unreal Conditional.

Past unreal conditionals are often used to express wishes about the past.
They often show regret, or sad feelings about something that happened in
the past.
E.g.
- If I had studied, I would have passed the test.

A conditional sentence has two parts. The first part is the if clause: “If I
had studied.” The second part is the result clause: “I would have passed the
test.”

To form the past unreal conditional, use the past perfect in the if clause.
Use had followed by a past participle verb to form the past perfect. In the
result clause, use would have followed by the past participle.

Adapted from Learninglish.voanews.com in 2018.

Visit the following


link to get extra content.
(Link 1), (Link 2).

Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate
conditional form.
After I graduated from university, I applied for a marketing position with a prominent bank with branches
all over the world. I didn’t get the job because they wanted someone who spoke Spanish fluently. I (could,
take) ______________________ Spanish in high school, but I didn’t. I took an acting class instead. If I
(take) __________________________Spanish, I (get) ______________________________ the job. Just
imagine, if I had actually gotten the job, I (move) ___________________________________ to Spain.
My entire life (could, go) __________________________________ in a totally different direction. If I
had accepted the job and moved to Spain, I (might, meet) _____________________________ a Spanish
woman and (get) _______________________________________ married. If that had actually happened, I
probably (stay) _________________________in Spain. We (might, have) ___________________________
children. Unfortunately, I didn’t get the job and I didn’t go to Spain. I got a boring job and I live alone. If I
had just taken Spanish, my life (be) __________________________________ much more interesting.
Taken from Englishpage.com in 2018.

74 B1.2
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.
LESSON 8B Talk about responsibility.
Combine the sentences to form the Past, unreal Conditional
1. She was sick. She didn’t attend school.
__________________________________________________________________________

2. He drove too fast. He was in an accident.


__________________________________________________________________________

3. He didn’t do the homework. He got a bad grade.


__________________________________________________________________________

4. I missed the plane. I didn’t go to Hawaii.


__________________________________________________________________________

5. I didn’t understand the grammar. I didn’t pass the test.


__________________________________________________________________________

6. She didn’t practice. She didn’t perform well.


__________________________________________________________________________

7. She didn’t read the book. She didn’t answer the questions.
__________________________________________________________________________

Taken from Eslgrammarpratice in 2018.

Think about a social historical problem. Consider possible ways in which the
consequences could have been changed.
__________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
_______________________________________________
75
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.
LESSON 8C Discuss about the importance of electronic devices in
our lives.
INTRODUCTION:
What would you do if you woke up and any of your electronic devices work?
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________

Listen to the Space physicist Miho Janvier


talking about solar storms and answer the
questions below.

What is a solar storm?


_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

What are the planets that show northern or southern light?


_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

What is the name of our planet’s natural shield?


_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

76 B1.2
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.
LESSON 8C Discuss about the importance of electronic devi-
ces in our lives.
Listen again in minute 3:57 and complete the following paragraph.

“… What I mean by other worlds is, for example,


planets, such as Venus or Mercury, but also
objects, such as _____________. And while
these space probes have been made for different
scientific endeavors, they can also act like tiny
cosmic ___________________ stations and
monitor the evolution of these _____________
_____________. So I, with a group of researchers,
gather and analyze this data coming from different
locations of the Solar System. And by doing so,
my research shows that, actually, solar storms
have a ________________ ___________ shape, and that this shape evolves as solar storms
move away from the Sun. And you know what? This is key for building tools to predict
_____________ ____________________”.

By pairs discuss how our lives would have changed and what our new technology
would have been if all the electronic devices had stopped working forever.

________________________________________
________________________________________
_______________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
_______________________________________
_____________________________________
77
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.
LESSON 8D Present a life changing invention.
OPENING:
Discuss about the following questions.
What are some of the most important
inventions?
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
____________________________

Can you think of any future new invention


that would change the world completely?
Which one?
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
_____________________

Watch the following video. (DIGITAL VIDEO).


Can you imagine the world without all of this
inventions? Describe how different life would be
without them.
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
__________________________________________
_____________________________________
78 B1.2
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.
LESSON 8D Present a life changing invention.
ORAL PRODUCTION
Imagine you are an engineer and you
are presenting your latest invention.
Explain what it does, how it works and
why it would change our lives.

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
_____________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

Useful Vocabulary
Safe Easy Interesting
Boring Efficient Useful
Important Helpful Necessary
Beneficial “Green” Eco Friendly
Amazing
79
UNIT 8 What a busy schedule.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

80 B1.2
UNIT 9 Political issues.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A) Avoid controversy.
B) Discuss controversial issues.
C) Understand the importance of tolerance in
debates.
D) Become a president.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

Controversial topics.
Types of government.
Expression to agree and
disagree.

In this unit,
you will invent
a presidential campaign
debate.

81
UNIT 9 Political issues.
LESSON 9A Avoid controversy.
WORD VISA:
Phrases for expressing Phrases for expressing Phrases for expressing
opinions: Agreement: Disagreement:
From my Perspective. You took the words right I wouldn’t quit put it that
My impression is that. out of my mouth. way myself.
As far as I’m concerned. You’re right, that’s a good I find that very difficult to
point. accept.
I have to side with you on There is no way that I could
this one. agree with that.
Taken from myenglishonline.ca in 2018

Introduction:
Watch the following Video about abortion: Pro-choice or pro-life? 39% of
Americans don’t pick a side. (DIGITAL VIDEO).
According to the video what do you understand by the terms Pro-choice or Pro-life? Which one do you agree
with and why? Discuss with a classmate.

Read the following article about Researcher Prabhat Jha says: “We…estimate that…
abortion in India and circle the word selective abortion accounts for 500,000 missing girls
yearly.”
that fits better for each sentence.
India’s lost female Selective abortion has been
legal / illegal in India since
generation 1994. However, statistics
A survey / surveyor from the reveal that couples / trios
University of Toronto and continue to base abortion
India’s Institute of Medical decisions before / after
Education suggests that at / having the ultrasound.
in least ten million females Figures show that educated
have been aborted in India mothers abort twice as
over / under the past twenty many female fetuses as
years. Researchers looked illiterate fathers / mothers.
at static / statistics on more than one million
families. The number of girls in India has been falling / rising
for the past 20 years. For every 1,000 boys up to the
The survey covered the period for which age of six the number of girls dropped / drooped from
ultrasound technology has been available. This 962 in 1981 to 927 in 2001. Many couples believe a
technique shadows / shows the sex of a baby family is balanced / unbalanced without a son. They
in the early stages of its life, when it is a fetus. think a male is important to continue the family name
Researchers say middle lesson / class families and give / take care of his parents in their old age.
abort female fetuses so that they have male heirs
/ hairs. Taken from breakingnewsenglish.com in 2018
82 B1.2
UNIT 9 Political issues.
LESSON 9A Avoid controversy.
According to “India’s lost female generation” article, select True (T) or False (F)
for the following statements.
a. Millions of Indian women have said they have no aim in life. T/F

b. Ultrasound is a technology used in recording songs to put on the Web. T/F

c. A researcher says there are 500,000 missing in India every year. T/F

d. It is legal in India to have an abortion based on the sex of the baby. T/F

e. Educated mothers abort more baby girls than illiterate mothers. T/F

f. The number of girls born in India is going down year by year. T/F

g. Indian couples prefer boys so that they continue the family bloodline. T/F
From a Colombian perspective, is it possible to share common ideas with the ones
presented in the reading? Why?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Considering that the following are the abortion policies in Colombia, do you agree
or disagree with them?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Abortion in Colombia is legal only in the Do you agree with Colombian abortion
following circumstances since 2006:
- The continuation of the pregnancy constitutes a
policies? Why? Discuss with your
danger to the life or health of the mother; classmates.
_______________________________________
- The existence of life-threatening foetal
malformations; _______________________________________
- The pregnancy is the result of rape, non-
_______________________________________
consensual artificial insemination or incest.
_______________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

83
UNIT 9 Political issues.
LESSON 9B Discuss controversial issues.
OPENING:
What are controversial issues in Colombia?
GRAMMAR TIP:
Verb followed by objects and infinitives.

Some verbs are followed by infinitives such as want, need or have; but some verbs
need a direct object before an infinitive.
E.g.
- I do not allow them to use the internet at home.
- She encourages us to study hard.
Here you have a list of verbs that need and object.
Advise Encourage Remind
Urge Allow Invite
Request Warm Cause
Permit Require Convince
Persude Tell

Visit the following link


to get extra content.
(Link 1).

Complete the following sentences by using infinitives with object where needed.
1. My boss told (I/do) ____ the reports before Friday.

2. My colleague asked (I/send) __________ a fax to the customer.

3 Tom wanted (I/help) ____________ him prepare his presentation.

4. I warned (he/not/drive) __________________ too quickly because of the bad weather.

5. Please remind (I/call) ______________________ Mr Jones tomorrow morning.

6. I don’t allow (They/leave) _____________________ the house without knowing where they go.

7. You invite (we/ visit) ______________________ you next time we travel.

84 B1.2
UNIT 9 Political issues.
LESSON 9B TDiscuss controversial issues.
Write a paragraph where you tell the class about something censored o
controversial in the community where you live. Use as much verbs from the
Grammar tip as possible.
___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

Think about a controversial issue. Give your opinion, then, debate it with the class.

__________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
_______________________________________________

85
UNIT 9 Political issues.
LESSON 9C Understand the importance of tolerance in debates.
INTRODUCTION:
Have you heard about immigration policies in USA? What do you know?

Collect the information of the answers in your classroom and write down one
conclusion of the results.

YES NO I’M NOT


INTERESTED
- - -
- - -
- - -
- - -
- - -
- - -

YES ________________________________ Listen to the following conversation about


NO ________________________________ immigration in USA. Take notes of the aspects
NO INTERESTED ____________________
you consider important. (DIGITAL AUDIO).
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
Mark the correct option for each sentence.
a. Actually, the language is very controversial / useful. We are taught Spanish actually/ eventually,
but they do a very bad/ perfect job.
b. I think the fact/ aspect is in reality people that come to America, just learn/ get English really
quickly/ fast.
c. I think most Employers probably pay the same wage/ amoun.
d. The country was / is built on foreign labor coming in/ from so, you know/ see, that’s just a fact.
e. The U.S. has a lot of/ too much immigration, and it’s very controversial/ normal now in
America.

86 B1.2
UNIT 9 Political issues.
LESSON 9C Understand the importance of tolerance in
debates.
Answer the following questions according to the listening.
a. What does the American say in regards to
learning Spanish?
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
______________________________________
b. What are the two ways that immigrants
frequently use to access USA?
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_____________________________________
c. Why does the American say that is problematic to have immigrant workers?
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
Imagine that you have been required to create an immigration policy that benefits
everyone in America, what would be your proposal? How would you implement
it? write a short paragraph and share it to your class.
________________________________________
________________________________________
_______________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
_______________________________________
_____________________________________
87
UNIT 9 Political issues.
LESSON 9D Become a president.
OPENING:
Watch the following video about Public
Speaking: “Be a More Confident Public
Speaker”. After watching the video write
down some of the important steps that you
would need to follow to be more confident
when giving a speech.(DIGITAL VIDEO).

_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
______________________________________

SPEAKING TIP:

Remember that when you are presenting your speech,


you also need to know how to properly argue your
point of view. In order to give a strong argument, you
should keep these five tips in mind:
1- Argue the point, not the person.
2- Use data and research as much as you can.
3- Don’t put words in your opponent’s mouth.
4- Stick to your topic.
5- Stay positive, polite, and professional.

Taken from huffingtonpost.com in 2018.

88 B1.2
UNIT 9 Political issues.
LESSON 9D Become a president.
PRESENTATION
Now is your turn. If you were a candidate
for the presidency of your country,
which proposals would you have into
account for being selected? Write down
your ideas for the following aspects.
Education Health Security
_______________________ _______________________ _______________________
_______________________ _______________________ _______________________
_______________________ _______________________ _______________________
_______________________ _______________________ _______________________
_____________________ ____________________ ____________________
Environment Innovation Society and culture
_______________________ _______________________ _______________________
_______________________ _______________________ _______________________
_______________________ _______________________ _______________________
_______________________ _______________________ _______________________
____________________ ____________________ ____________________

Like in a real debate, share and talk about your ideas with the other candidates by
listening to their opinions about the same aspect and discussing the information.
Don’t forget to use the speech recommendations given above.
Useful Vocabulary.
· Asking to repeat or clarify questions
o I’m afraid I didn’t quite catch that
o Before I answer, could you clarify what you mean by

· Rephrasing questions
o So, if I’ve understood correctly, you would like to know…
o Let me make sure I correctly understood. Are you asking…

· Admitting you don’t know


o Sorry, I can’t answer that. I didn’t cover that in my research
o I’m afraid I don’t have that information but I can find out

· Thanking for questioning


o That’s a very good question. Perhaps I can answer by saying…
o I’m glad you asked me that.
89
UNIT 9 Political issues.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

90 B1.2
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.

2%-(&7,9(6
By the end of this unit you
will be able to:
A) Explore the world.
B) Describe a geographical location.
C) Discuss about dangerous places around the
world.
D) Discover a beautiful spot.

Write below the new vocabulary you


learn every class.
92&$%8/$5<
During this unit you will work on:

Possible risks.
Dangerous places and animals.
Geographic description.

In this unit,
you will invent
a writing and speaking
project about
a beautiful place
on the planet.

91
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.
LESSON 10A Exploring the World.
OPENING:
Have you ever traveled alone? How was the experience?
Do you remember any memorable experience from a trip? Explain it.
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
Read the following article about solo up spending more time with other tourists than with
locals.
traveling
2. Get an early start If the thought of bar-hopping
Top tips for surviving alone makes you die a little
solo travels inside, just restart your day.
Wake up early, enjoy a easy
Travelling alone can seem made breakfast and head out
daunting from the comfort to parks, museums and other
of home. What happens if daytime-only activities. If you
you get stuck somewhere? pack your day full enough,
Can you go out at night solo? you’ll be ready for bed by 9pm.
Won’t it feel weird to eat in a
restaurant alone? 3. Learn a little of the local
All these worries and more plague most language Make the effort to learn a few words and
travellers before their first solo trip, but quickly phrases before you go travelling. Just knowing how to
evaporate because of the multiple benefits. Here, introduce yourself, start a basic conversation, order
our authors and editors offer their top tips on a beer and count from 1–10 makes all the difference.
how to travel alone successfully. People love to know you’re making an effort and doing
your best to interact, even if you’re a little rusty.
1. Sleep around Try a homestay or look for
room rentals in an apartment – this gives you 4. Be aware of safety Travelling solo can be both safe
an automatic connection with residents when and rewarding, but be mindful of safety concerns just
you’re travelling alone. As a solo traveller, you’ll as you would travelling in a pair or group. Take care in
have tons of options to choose from. Even if your large cities at night, watch your drinks, be aware of any
landlord doesn’t take you out on the town, you’ll local scams and keep a close eye on your valuables.
at least pick up a few local tips. Hostels are of
course for solo travellers too, but you might end Adapted from roughguides.com in 2018.

92 B1.2
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.
LESSON 10A Exploring the World.
Analyze the underlined words from the reading and connect them with the
synonym that fits better.
-Daunting__ 1- Go to

-Homestay__ 2. People that tricks you

- Head out__ 3. Staying by a family/friend house

- Rusty__ 4. Challenging.

- Scams__ 5. Belongings .

- Valuables__ 6. Out of practice.

Write other two tips you consider are important when traveling alone.

________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

Write and discuss with your classmates the pros and cons about doing a solo trip.
PROS CONS
_________________________________ _________________________________
_________________________________ _________________________________
_________________________________ _________________________________
______________________________ ____________________________

If you had the opportunity of doing a solo trip, where would it be? Why?
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
93
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.
LESSON 10B Describe Geographical locations.
OPENING:
How is the place you live in? How do you arrive there?
GRAMMAR TIP:
Prepositions of place.

Prepositions of place: in, on, at

IN ON AT
- inside an area or space: - in contact with a surface: - close to:
in the city, in the sky, in bed. on the wall, on the table, at the table, at the bus stop.
onthe floor.
- forms of transport: - forms of transport:
in a car, in a taxi, in a on a bike, on a bus, on a train,
helicopter. on the metro, on a plane, on
a ship.
- before nouns referring to a
place or position:
at the top, at the bottom, at
the front, at the back, at the
beginning, at the end, BUT in
the middle.
- arrive in a city, country: - arrive at a small place:
arrive in London, arrive in arrive at the station, at the
France. meeting, at the office.
- to express ‘towards’:
look at something, point
atsomething, smile
atsomeone.
Taken from speakspeak.com in 2018.

Visit the following


link to get extra content.
(Link 1).

94 B1.2
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.
LESSON 10B Describe Geographical locations.ne
Choose the correct preposition.
1. Do you think it is a good idea to ban smoking at in on public places?

2. Look at the picture at in on the wall.

3. My house is at in on the end of the street.

4. I stopped at in on Nancy’s house.

5. Do you like walking at in on the garden?

6. I found my keys at in on the desk.

7. I met him at in on Paris.

8. He was crying at in on the back of the classroom.

9. I saw the film at in on TV.

10. These people live at in on my hometown.

taken from myenglishpages.com in 2018.


Chose a geographical area that is relevant in terms of tourism, create a map in
which you show relevant places, then, write a paragraph where you report what
was presented in the map.
__________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
_______________________________________________
95
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.
LESSON 10C Discuss about dangerous places around the world.
INTRODUCTION:
Describe a dangerous place that you have heard about.
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_____________________________________

Listen to Nick and Cheryl talking about island dangers in Guam. Take notes of
relevant information. (DIGITAL AUDIO).
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_____________________________________

Choose the correct answer to each question.


A. Guam is actually right on. C.What is the sport that tourists look for in Guam?

a. The highest part of the world a. Climbing


b. A reef formation called the Mariana’s trench b. Scuba diving
c. The southern part of Australia c. Diving

B. What is the name of Guam’s highest mountain? D. What was the animal that caught the young guy?

a. Mount Lan Lan a. Shark


b. Mount Mariana b. Jellyfish
c. Mount Guam c. Lion fish

96 B1.2
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.
LESSON 10C Discuss about dangerous places around the world.
Complete the sentences with the following words.
- Disaster • Reef • Base • Funny • Stung -

1. The _____________________has beautiful


coral.

2. That’s ____________________ you say


that. I think so too.

3. The recent earthquake was both a natural


and humanitarian __________________.

4. The __________________________ of the


mountain starts at the village.

5. He was _________________ by a jelly fish and almost died.


Adapted from elllo.org in 2018.
What do you think is more dangerous, the jungle or the deep blue sea? Justify your
answer and share conclusions with your class.

________________________________________
________________________________________
_______________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
_______________________________________
_____________________________________
97
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.
LESSON 10D Discover a beautiful place.

OPENING:
Which has been the most beautiful place
that you have ever been to?
In your opinion what would you say is the
most beautiful place to visit in Colombia?

_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
______________________________________
Watch the following video about the “10
most beautiful places in the world”.
After watching the video, name two of the
places that you liked the most and give
specific details of each place. (DIGITAL
VIDEO).
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________

98 B1.2
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.
LESSON 10D Discover a Beautiful place.
PRESENTATION
Now prepare a presentation of three (3)
minutes to tell your classmates about
the destinations from the countries that
you’ve researched. Take into account
some of the tips mentioned below.

Take into account these 7 Tips for writing about places you’ve never been:
1. Look up local language differences.
2. Use Google Street View to take yourself there.
3. Check out Pinterest for photographs of your location.
4. Contact people who live in your desired setting through their blogs, Twitter, or other
social networks.
5. Read municipal, provincial, and federal government websites,they have sections about
local customs and what tourists or immigrants can expect.
6. Watch movies or read books set in the same location.
7. Plan a research trip.

Taken from writeitsideways.com in 2018.

Choose any two countries that you have never heard of before. After choosing your
two respective countries, search for one beautiful destination from each country and
write down some information about the destination. Share it with the class.

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

99
UNIT 10 A Wonderful Planet.
NOTES PAD
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

100 B1.2