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UNIFIED COUNCIL

A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2015 C e r t i f i e d Organisation

NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION (UPDATED)

CLASS - 12 (PCM)
Question Paper Code : UN444

KEY

1. D 2. B 3. D 4. B 5. B 6. C 7. C 8. C 9. B 10. A

11. A 12. D 13. B 14. A 15. B 16. D 17. A 18. B 19. B 20. A

21. D 22. C 23. C 24. C 25. C 26. D 27. B 28. B 29. C 30. C

31. A 32. C 33. D 34. A 35. D 36. A 37. D 38. A 39. C 40. D

41. D 42. A 43. C 44. D 45. C 46. C 47. D 48. A 49. C 50. B

51. A 52. D 53. A 54. A 55. A 56. D 57. D 58. B 59. A 60. B

SOLUTIONS
MATHEMATICS
⎛ x+ y ⎞ π
1. (D) Given that, f(x) = e2ix and f : R → C. ⇒ tan–1 ⎜⎝ 1 − xy ⎟⎠ + tan–1 z =
2
Function f(x) is not one-one, becuase
after some values of x (ie, π ) it will give
the same values. ⎡ ( x + y) ⎤
⎢ +z ⎥
Also, f(x) is not onto, because it has ⎢ 1 − xy ⎥=π
⇒ tan–1 ⎢ ⎛ x+ y ⎞ ⎥ 2
minimum and maximum values –1 –i ⎢1 − ⎜ ⎟z⎥
and 1 + i respectively. ⎣ ⎝ 1 − xy ⎠ ⎦
Hence, option (d) is correct.
( x + y) + z(1 − xy) = tan π = ∞
π ⇒
2. (B) tan–1 x + tan–1 y + tan–1 z = (1 − xy) − z ( x + y) 2
2
ie, (1 – xy) – z (x + y) = 0
π
⇒ (tan x + tan y) + tan z =
–1 –1 –1
⇒ 1 – xy – zx – yz = 0
2

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1
2 cos π 0 0
⎡ 7 −3 − 3⎤
⎢ −1 π
1 0⎥⎥ + N− −2sin π 1
3. (D) Let A = ⎢ 2
⎢⎣ −1 0 1⎥⎦ 0 0 2 cos π
Now, |A| = 7(1–0) + 3(–1–0) – 3(0+1) 2 cos π 1 0
=1
π
Cofactors of matrix A are + N− 2cos N 0
2
C11 = 1, C12 = 1, C13 = 1 0 0 −2 sin π
C21 = 3, C22 = 4, C23 = 3
C31 = 3, C32 = 3, C33 = 4 0 1 0
⎡1 1 1⎤ f' (π) = 1 −2 1
⎢3 4 3⎥ 0 1 −2
∴ adj (A) = ⎢ ⎥
⎢⎣3 3 4 ⎥⎦ −2 0 0 −2 1 0
⎡1 3 3 ⎤ + π / 2 0 1 + π / 2 −2 0
⎢1 4 3⎥ 0 0 −2 0 1 0
= ⎢ ⎥
⎢⎣1 3 4 ⎥⎦ ⎡Q sin π = 0 ⎤
⎢cos π = − 1⎥
⎡1 3 3 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦
adj (A) ⎢1 4 3⎥ f’ ( π ) = – (–2 + 0) = 2
∴ A–1 = = ⎢ ⎥
|A| ⎢⎣1 3 4 ⎥⎦
⎧ 1 + 3 N2 − cos2 N
⎪ , for N ≠ 0
2 cos N 1 0 5. (B) f(x) = ⎨ N2
⎪ k, for N = 0
π ⎩
4. (B) f(x) = N − 2cos N 1
2 RHL
0 1 2 cos N
1 + 3(0 + h)2 − cos2(0 + h)
f(0 + h) = lim
h→ 0 (0 + h)2
−2 sin N 1 0
f’(x) = 1 2cos N 1 1 + 3h2 − cos2h
= lim
0 1 2 cos N h→0 h2
1 + 3h2 − (1 − 2sin2 h)
2 cos N 0 0 = lim
h→ 0 h2
π
+ N− −2sin N 1 1 + 3h2 − 1 + 2sin2 h
2 = lim
0 0 2 cos N h→ 0 h2
⎧⎪ ⎛ sin2 D ⎞ ⎫⎪
2 cos N 1 0 = lim ⎨3 + 2 ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎬
π
D→0 ⎪
⎩ ⎝ D ⎠ ⎭⎪
+ N− 2cos N 0
2 ⎛ sin h⎞
2
0 1 −2 sin N = 3 + 2. lim ⎜ ⎟
h→0 ⎝ h ⎠

−2 sin π 1 0 ⎧ sin x ⎫
= 3+2.(1)2 ⎨Q lim = 1⎬
f’( π ) = 1 2cos π 1 ⎩ h→ 0 x ⎭
0 1 2 cos π =3+2=5
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1 + 3(0 − h)2 − cos2(0 − h) d2V π
f(0 − h) = lim =
h→ 0 (0 − h)2 Now, (4R – 6h)
dh2 3
1 + 3h2 − cos 2h
= lim ⎛ d2 V ⎞ π⎛ 4R ⎞
h→ 0 h2 = ⎜ 4R − 6. ⎟
⎜ dh2 ⎟
=5 ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ at h = 4R ⎞ 3 ⎝ 3⎠
⎜⎝ ⎟
3⎠
6. (C) Let the height of the cone = h
π 4π
and the radius of the cone = r = (4R – 8R) = – R ⇒ Negative
3 3
Given, radius of the sphere = R ie., Maximum

Now, In ∆OPB Hence, the height of the cone of


⎛ 4R ⎞
A maximum volume is ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠
3
R π /4

7. (C) In = ∫ tann x dx
O 0
R D`4 π /4
r We have, Ir+2 = ∫ tanr +2 x dx
B P C 0
π /4
⇒ R2 = r2 + (h – R)2 tanr x .tan2 x dx
= ∫
⇒ r2 = R2 – (h – R)2 0
π /4
= (R + h – R) (R – h + R)
and Ir = ∫ tanr x dx
⇒ r2 = h (2R – h) 0

The volume of the cone is π /4

1 Then, Ir + Ir+2 = ∫ tanr x dx


V = πr 2 h 0
3
π /4
1
⇒ V= π h (2R − h)h + ∫ tanr x . tan2 x dx
3
0
π 2 3
⇒ V = (2Rh − h ) π /4
3 = ∫ tanr x (1 + than2 x) dx
Differentiating with r to h 0

π /4
dV π
= (4Rh − 3h2 ) = ∫ tanr x .sec2 x dx
dh 3 0
For maximum or minimum value of [Put t = tan x ⇒ dt = sec2 x dx]
volume
1 1
dV ⎡ t r +1 ⎤
r
=0 = ∫ t dt ⇒ ⎢
r + 1

dh 0 ⎣ ⎦0
π ⎛ 1 ⎞
⇒ (4Rh – 3h2) = 0 = ⎜⎝
3 ⎟
r + 1⎠
⇒ h(4R – 3h) = 0
1
⇒ h = 0, (Not possible) So, Ir + Ir+2 =
r +1
4R 1
h= ie., I2 + I4 =
3 3
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1 10. (A) Here, OA, OB, OC are the co-terminal
I3 + I5 = edges of a rectangular parallelopiped of
4
volume V.
1
I4 + I6 = z
5
C
which are clearly in HP.
8. (C) We know that, if
n c x
In = ∫ sin x dx , then
b O a A
sin(n − 1) x cos x n − 1
In = − + I B P
n n n–2 y
where n is a positive integer. Also, we know that the volume of
⇒ nIn – (n–1) In–2 = – sinn–1 x cos x rectangular parallelopiped = [ a b c ]
dy ie, V = [OA OB OC] .... (i)
9. (B) tan y = sin (x + y) + sin (x – y)
dx
dy Let OA = = , OB = > , OC = ?
⎛ 2x ⎞ ⎛ 2 y⎞
tan y = 2. sin ⎜ ⎟ .cos ⎜ ⎟
dx ⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2⎠ then from figure

⎡ ⎛ C + D⎞ ⎛ C − D⎞ ⎤ AP = = + > , *2 = > + ? , CP = ? + =
⎢Q sin C + sin D = 2 sin ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟⎠ .cos ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟⎠ ⎥ (By vector addition)
⎣ ⎦
dy Now, we find
⇒ tan y = 2 sin x cos y
dx
[AP BP CP] = [(a + b) (b + c) (c + a)]
sin y dy
⇒ cos y dx = 2 sin x cos y = (a + b) . [(b + c)×(c + a)]
On integrating = (a + b) . [b × c + b × a + c × c + c × a]
sin y [ c × c = 0]
⇒ ∫ cos2 y dy = ∫ 2 sin x dx
⎡Let t = cos y ⎤
⎢ ⎥
⎢ dt = − sin y ⎥
⎢ dy ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎣ − dt = sin y dy⎦
dt
⇒ −∫ = 2 (– cos x) + c
t2
⎛ 1⎞
⇒ − ⎜ − ⎟ = – 2 cos x + c
⎝ t⎠
1
⇒ cos y = – 2 cos x + c =1+0–0–0+0+1
⇒ sec y = – 2 cos x + c = 2.1

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= 2[OA OB OC] ⎡ −7 − 12⎤
= ⎢ ⎥
= 2V [from Eq. (i)] ⎣24 17 ⎦
11. (A) Given, f(x) = x2 – 3 Now, f(A) = A2 – 3A + 7

Now, f(–1) = (–1)2 – 3 = 1 – 3 = – 2 ⎡ −7 − 12⎤ ⎡1 − 2⎤ ⎡1 0 ⎤


=⎢ ⎥ − 3 ⎢ 4 5⎥ + 7 ⎢ 0 1⎥
⇒ fof(–1) = f(–2) = (–2)2 – 3 = 1 ⎣24 17 ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦
⇒ fofof(–1) = f(1) = 12 – 3 = – 2 ⎡ −3 − 6 ⎤
=⎢ ⎥
Now, f(0) = 02 – 3 = – 3 ⎣12 9 ⎦
⇒ fof(0) = f(–3) = (–3)2 – 3 = 6 ⎡ 3 6⎤ ⎡ −3 − 6 ⎤ ⎡ 3 6 ⎤
∴ f(A) + ⎢ ⎥= ⎢12 9 ⎥ + ⎢ −12 − 9 ⎥
⇒ fofof(0) = f(6) = 62 – 3 = 33 ⎣ −12 − 9 ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦
Again, ⎡0 0⎤
=⎢ ⎥
f(1) = 1 – 3 = – 2
2
⎣0 0⎦
⇒ fof(1) = f(–2) = (–2)2 – 3 = 1
⇒ fofof(1) = (1) = (1)2 – 3 = – 2 x x2 1 + x3

∴ fofof(–1) + fofof(0) + fofof(1) 14. (A) y y2 1 + y3 = 0, x ≠ y ≠ z


= – 2 + 33 – 2 = 29 z z2 1 + z3
Now,
x x2 1 x x2 x3
( ) ( )
2
f 4 2 = 4 2 − 3 = 32 − 3 y y2 1 + y y2 y3 = 0
= 29 z z2 1 z z2 z3
Hence, option (a) is correct.
x x2 1 1 x x2
⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞
12. (D) cos −1 ⎜ − ⎟ − 2 sin−1 ⎜ ⎟ + 3 cos −1
⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2⎠ ⎜⎝ − ⎟ y y2 1 + 1 y y2 xyz = 0
2⎠
z z2 1 1 z z2
– 4 tan–1 (–1)
C1 ↔ C2 and C 2 ↔ C3
−1 ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ π⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎞
= π − cos ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠ − 2 ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠ + 3 ⎜ π − cos ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠ ⎟
2 6 ⎝ 2 ⎠ x x2 1 x x2 1
+ 4 tan–1 (1) y y2 1 + y y2 1 xyz = 0
π π ⎛ π⎞ π z z2 1 z z2 1
=π− − + 3 ⎜ π − ⎟ + 4.
3 3 ⎝ 4⎠ 4
π 3π x x2 1
= + 3. +π
3 4 (1 + xyz) y y2 1 = 0
43π z z2 1
=
12
13. (B) Given that, Q R2 → R 2 – R 1
⎡1 − 2⎤ R3 → R 3 – R 1
A= ⎢ ⎥ and f(t) = t2 – 3t + 7
⎣ 4 5⎦
x x2 1
⎡1 − 2⎤ ⎡1 − 2⎤
Now, A2 = ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ (1 + xyz) y − x y2 − x2 0 =0
⎣ 4 5⎦ ⎣ 4 5⎦ 2 2
z− x z −x 0

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Expand with r to C3 ⎡ 2 x⎤
(1 + xyz) ⎢⎣Q cos x = 1 − 2 sin 2 ⎥⎦

{(y – x) (z – x) (z + x) – (z – x) (y – x) x
sin2
(y + x)} = 0 2
=2∫ 2
dx
(1 + xyz) (y – x) (z – x) (z + x – y – x) = 0 ⎛ x x⎞
⎜⎝ 2 sin .cos ⎟⎠
(1 + xyz) (x – y) (y – z) (z – x) = 0 2 2

Q x ≠ y ≠ z ⇒ xyz + 1 = 0 ⎡ x x⎤
⎢⎣Q sin x = 2sin 2 . cos 2 ⎥⎦
x 1− y
15. (B) Given, = x x
1 1+ y sin
. sin
=2∫ 2 2 dx
Applying componendo and dividendo, 2 x 2 x
2.2 sin .cos
we get 2 2

1+ x
=
(
1+ y + 1− y ) ( ) =
1
2 ∫
x 1 x
sec2 dx = tan . 2 + c
2 2 2
1− x (
1+ y − 1− y ) ( ) x
= tan + c = f ( x) + c
1+ x 2 2
⇒ =
1− x 2 y x
⇒ f(x) = tan
2 2
⎛ 1 − x⎞
⇒ y=⎜
⎝ 1 + x ⎟⎠ π
1
18. (B) Let I = ∫ dx
On differentiating w.r.t. x, we get 0
1 + sin x
2 2
dy −2 (1 + x ) (1 − x ) − (1 − x ) .2 (1 + x ) π
= 1
dx (1 + x)4 =∫ dx
x
0 2tan
(1 − x) (1 + x) ( −2 − 2 x − 2 + 2 x) 1+ 2
= x
1 + tan2
(1 + x )4 2
4 ( x − 1) x
= π sec2
( x + 1)3 =∫ 2 dx
2
0⎛ x ⎞
16. (D) Given, error in diameter = + 0.04 ⎜⎝ 1 + tan ⎟⎠
2
∴ Error in radius, (dr) = + 0.02 x 1 x
Put tan =t ⇒ sec2 dx = dt
∴ Per cent error in the volume of sphere 2 2 2
∞ ∞
⎛4
d ⎜ πr 3 ⎟
⎞ 2dt ⎡ 2 ⎤
=
dV
× 100 =
⎝3 ⎠
× 100 =
3dr
× 100
∴1 = ∫ (1 + t)2 = ⎢−
⎣ 1 + t ⎥⎦ 0
=2
0
V 4 r
πr 3
3 dy
19. (B) Given, = sin (x+y) tan (x+y) – 1
3 × ( ± 0.02) dx
= × 100 = ± 0.6 dy dz
10 Put x + y = z ⇒ 1 + =
2
dx dx
17. (A) ∫ (1 − cos x) cosec x dx
dz
∴ − 1 = sin z tan z – 1
⎛ x⎞ 1 dx
= ∫ ⎜ 2sin2 ⎟ . 2 dx
⎝ 2 ⎠ sin x cos z
⇒ ∫ sin2 z dz = ∫ dx
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Put sin z = t 21. (D) If matrix has no inverse it means the
cos z dz = dt value of determinant should be zero.

1 1 1 −1 x
∴ ∫ t2 dt = x – c ⇒ −
t
=x–c
1 x 1 =0

⇒ – cosec z = x – c x −1 1
⇒ x + cosec (x + y) = c
If we put x = 1, then column Ist and IIIrd
20. (A) Given that, = = ˆi − 2jˆ + 3kˆ are identical.
Hence, option (d) is correct.
> = 2iˆ + 3jˆ − kˆ
⎛ a2 − x2 ⎞ −1 ⎛ 2ax ⎞
22. (C) y = cos –1
⎜ a2 + x2 ⎟ + sin ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟
and ? = λˆi + ˆj+ (2λ − 1)kˆ ⎝ ⎠ a + x2 ⎠
Put x = a tan θ
Also, since = and > lies in the same
plane, then (a + b) is perpendicular ⎛ x⎞
⇒ θ = tan–1 ⎜⎝ a ⎟⎠
vector to this plane. Given that vector
? is parallel to the plane containing = ⎛ a2 − a2 tan2 θ ⎞
and > , so vector (a + b) also ⇒ y = cos–1 ⎜ a2 + a2 tan2 θ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
perpendicular to the vector ? ie,
(θ = 90°) ⎛ 2 a2 tan θ ⎞
+ sin –1
⎜ a2 + a2 tan2 θ ⎟
⎝ ⎠
So, (a × b) . ? should be equal to zero
⎛ 1 − tan2 θ ⎞ −1 ⎛ 2tan θ ⎞
or (a × b) . ? = 0 .... (i) ⇒ y = cos–1 ⎜ 1 + tan2 θ ⎟ + sin ⎜ 1 + tan2 θ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⇒ y = cos–1 (cos2 θ ) + sin–1 (sin 2 θ )


⎡ 1 − tan2 θ ⎤
⎢Q cos 2θ = ⎥
⎢ 1 + tan2 θ ⎥
⎢ 2 2 tan θ ⎥
= (2 – 9) ˆi + (6 + 1) ˆj + (3 + 4) kˆ ⎢sin θ = ⎥
⎢⎣ 1 + tan2 θ ⎥⎦
= – 7 ˆi + 7 ˆj + 7 kˆ
⇒ y = 2θ + 2θ
Then from Eq. (i)
⇒ y = 4θ
(–7 ˆi + 7 ˆj + 7 kˆ ) . ( λ ˆi + ˆj + (2 λ – 1 kˆ ) ⎛ x⎞
=0 ⇒ y = 4 tan–1 ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠
a
⇒ –7 λ + 7 + 7(2 λ – 1) = 0
dy 1 1 a2 1
⇒ = 4. . = 4. .
⇒ –7 λ + 7 + 14 λ – 7 = 0 dx x 2
a 2
a +x 2
a
1+ 2
7λ = 0 a

⇒ λ =0 dy 4a
⇒ = 2
dx a + x2
Hence, the value of λ is 0.

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23. (C) Let A be the area and x be the side of
an equilateral triangle.
3 2
∴ A= x
4
on differentiating both sides w.r.t. x, we
get
dA 3
⇒ = (2 x)
dx 4
3 3
⇒ dA = ×.dx or ∆ A = ×∆ x
2 2
∆A
∴ Percentage error in area = × 100
A
3 PHYSICS
× ∆ x × 100 2∆x
= 2 = × 100
3 2 x 26. (D) j = nevd
x
4
j i
2 × 0.05 or, v d = =
= × 100 = 1% [Q ∆x = 0.05, given] ne A ne
10

dx 1A
24. (C) 1=∫ =
(2 × 10 m )(8.5 × 10 × 10 6 m −3 )(1.6 × 10 −19 C)
−6 2 22
( x + 1) 4 x + 3
= 0.036 mm/s.
Put 4x + 3 = t2 ⇒ 4 dx = 2t dt
We see that the drift speed is indeed
1 t dt dt small.
∴ 1= ∫ 2 =2∫
2 ⎛t −3 ⎞ 1 + t2
⎜ 4 + 1⎟ t 27. (B) Here, B = 0.3 T; θ = 30o; τ = 0.06 N m
⎝ ⎠
Now, τ = M B sin θ
= 2 tan t + c = 2 tan
–1 –1
4x + 3 + c
τ 0.06
∴M = = o
= 0.4 A m2
25. (C) B sin θ 0.3 × sin 30

28. (B) B = 8 × 10–7 T, c = 3 × 108 m/s, E = ?


E = c × B = 3 × 108 × 8 × 10–7 = 240 V/
m
29. (C) The de Broglie wavelength of a particle
whose momentum is p is λ = h/p. For
this proton, we find that

h 6.63 × 10 −34 Js
λ= =
p 3.3 × 10 −23 kgm / s

= 2.0 × 10–11 m = 0.02 nm


30. (C) Due to the property of self-induction, a
coil opposes the time variations in the
own current.

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31. (A) Applying Ampere’s law to the rectangle
( )
2
shown below. = I1 + I2 = K(a1 + a2 )2
A (Since, intensity ∝ amplitude square.)
P
F Q For destuctive interference or minimum
i intensity,
C D
O i
I min = I1 + I2 − 2 I1I2
R F
( )
2
S = I1 − I2 = K(a1 − a2 )2
B

(2Bl) = µ0(λl) I1 9 a12


Given, = =
µ0 λ I2 16 a22
∴ B=
2
a1 3
32. (C) Here, p = 4 × 10–9 C m, E = 5 × 104 N ⇒ =
a2 4
C–1; θ = 30o
Now, magnitude of torque acting on the Imax (a1 + a2 )2 (3 + 4)2 49
dipole, ∴ = = =
Imin (a1 − a2 )2 (3 − 4)2 1
τ = p E sin θ = 4 × 10–9 × 5 × 104 sin
30o 35. (D) When the key is open, 120 V is divided
among C1 and C2 in the inverse ratio of
1 their capacitances.
= 2 × 10–4 × = 10–4 N m
2
120
33. (D) When the switch S1 is closed and S2 is ∴V1 = × 3 = 72 V
opened, the current flows only in the 2+3
first loop.
120
30 V2 = × 2 = 48 V
∴ I1 = =5A 2+3
4+2
∴ q1 = 72 × 2 = 144 µC
4Ω 1Ω and q2 = 48 × 3 = 144 µC
S S When the key is closed let q1 and q2 be
1
30V 15V the steady charge on C1 and C2. Then
by the loop rule
2Ω 2Ω
q1
60 − = 0 ⇒ q1 = 120 µC
34. (A) At points where the two interfering 2 × 10 −6
waves meet in the same phase, the
resultant intensity is maximum. q2
and 60 − = 0 ⇒ q2 = 180 µC
3 ×10 −6
The resulting intensity at any point
depends upon the phase difference (φ) ∴ Charge that flows through section
between the two waves at that point 1 = 144 – 120 = 24 µC
I = I1 + I2 + 2 I1 I2 cos φ Charge that flows through section 2 =
180 – 144 = 36 µC
For maximum intensity or constructive
Charge that flows through section 3 =
interference I max = I1 + I2 + 2 I1 I2 24 + 36 = 60 µC

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36. (A) Angular magnification (b) The current through the 6 Ω resistor is

15 3Ω
= = 1500 (3A) = = 1 A.
0.01 6 Ω+3 Ω

37. (D) Voltage lags the current. The heat developed in it

Hence, XC > XL = (1 A)2 × (6 Ω) × (60 s) = 360 J.


(c) The current through the 3 Ω resistor is
R R 3 A – 1 A = 2 A.
Further cos φ= =
Z R + (X C − XL )2
2
The heat developed in it
1 = (2 A)2 × (3 Ω) × (60 s) = 720 J.
=
2
⎛ X − XL ⎞ 39. (C) Here, V = 18 k V = 18 × 103 V
1+⎜ C ⎟
⎝ R ⎠ if ν max is the velocity of the fastest
To raise the power factor, the electron, then
denominator should decrease. For this 1
either R should increase or X C – X L νmax 2 = e V or
2
should decrease. If a resistance is
added in series, the denominator will 2e V 2 × 1.6 × 10 −19 × 18 × 10 8
νmax = =
1 m 9 × 10 −31
decrease XC – XL or = ωL can be
ωC = 8 × 107 m s–1
decreased either by increasing C or L. 40. (D) Initially the capacity of the capacitor
If we put a capacitor in series the increases and then decreases. So,
⎛ C1 C 2 ⎞ positive charge on plate A first
equivalent capacitance ⎜ = C + C ⎟ of increases and then decreases i.e.,
⎝ 1 2 ⎠
current in the outer circuit first flows
the circuit will decrease. Hence, either from B to A and then from A to B.
an inductor or a resistance should be
placed in series to raise the power CHEMISTRY
factor.
41. (D) The reaction at high temperature in the
38. (A) The equivalent resistance of 6 Ω and 3
blast furnace is
(6 Ω) × (3Ω)
Ω resistors is = 2 Ω. 2CuFeS2 + O2 → Cu2S + 2FeS + SO2.
6 Ω + 3Ω
42. (A) ⎡⎣Co (SO4 )(NH3 )5 ⎤⎦ Br + Ag + (excess ) →
This is connected in series with the 1 from AgNO3
0.01 mol/L
Ω resistor. The equivalent resistance of
the circuit is R = 2 Ω + 1 Ω = 3 Ω. +
⎡⎣Co (SO4 )(NH3 )5 ⎤⎦ + AgBr (s )
The current through the battery is 0.01 mol

9V ⎡⎣CoBr (NH3 )5 ⎤⎦ SO4 + Ba2+ (aq) →


i= = 3 A. 0.01 mol/L from BaCl2
3Ω
2+
(a) The current through the 1 Ω resistor is, ⎡⎣CoBr (NH3 )5 ⎤⎦ + BaSO4 (s )
therefore, 3 A. 0.01 mol

The heat developed in this resistor is 43. (C) Ethyl alcohol forms stronger H-bonds
than ethylamine or ammonia due to
H = i 2 Rt greater electronegativity of oxygen than
= (3 A)2 × (1 Ω) × (60 s) = 540 J. nitrogen atom. Diethyl ether, however,
does not form H-bonds since it does not
have a H-atom attached to O-atom.
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10
44. (D) Ag does not react with Cu(NO 3) 2 From the given data, t1/ 2 = 15 min
solution as e.m.f. of cell reaction is t
So, 0.1 M ⎯⎯
1/2 t1/2
→ 0.05 M ⎯⎯ → 0.025 M
negative.
So, time required for concentration to
45. (C) Reformatsky reaction is used to prepare
change from 0.1 M to 0.025 M = 2t1/2
β-hydroxy esters.
= 2 × 15 minutes = 30 minutes
46. (C) Yellow colour on heating NaCl in the
presence of Na is due to the presence 54. (A) Cl2 is a weaker oxidising agent than F2
of electrons in anion vacancies (F- and hence cannot displace F2 from NaF.
centres)
55. (A) (C 6H 5COO) 2Ca+ Ca(OOCCH 3) 2 ⎯⎯→
Heat

47. (D) There are no S–S bonds in sulphur


trioxide trimer (S3O9) as shown below.
2C6H5COCH3 + 2CaCO3
Acetophenone

O O
O CRITICAL THINKING
S O S O 56. (D)
S
O O O
57. (D) K(M) E(F)
O
48. (A) Mass of 5 L solution
H(F) I(M)
= 5 L × 0.981 kg L–1 = 4.905 kg = 4905 g
Mass of 2 m solution L(M) G(F)
= 1000 g + 2 moles of methanol
= 1000 + 2 × 32 J(M) F(M)

= 1000 + 64 = 1064 g Here M = Male, F = Female


Now 1064 g of solution contains Both are male.
methanol = 2 mol
58. (B) The government must have seen the
4905 g of solution contains methanol unawareness of the people as a strong
2 factor in the primary education
× 4905 = 9.22 mol. programme being not successful. The
1064
49. (C) Colloidal solution of liquid-in-liquid is step indicated in I must, thus, have
emulsion and not a gel. been sought for as a remedy for the
same.
50. (B) Co2+ and Fe2+ ions are coloured.
59. (A) A is the mother of B, B is the brother
51. (A) Aromatic primary amines i.e., aniline of C and C is the daughter of D. Hence,
gives dye test.
D is the father.
52. (D) For the same alkyl group, boiling point
increases as the size of halogen A (Parents) D
increases. Thus, C2H5I has the highest | |
boiling point. | |
B – is – Brother – of – C
53. (A) For a first order reaction, t 1/2 is
independent of the initial concentration 60. (B)
of the reactants.

THE END

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