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NSTSE Class 12 PCM Solutions Paper 444 Buffer 2018 Updated

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A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2015 C e r t i f i e d Organisation

CLASS - 12 (PCM)

Question Paper Code : UN444

KEY

1. D 2. B 3. D 4. B 5. B 6. C 7. C 8. C 9. B 10. A

11. A 12. D 13. B 14. A 15. B 16. D 17. A 18. B 19. B 20. A

21. D 22. C 23. C 24. C 25. C 26. D 27. B 28. B 29. C 30. C

31. A 32. C 33. D 34. A 35. D 36. A 37. D 38. A 39. C 40. D

41. D 42. A 43. C 44. D 45. C 46. C 47. D 48. A 49. C 50. B

51. A 52. D 53. A 54. A 55. A 56. D 57. D 58. B 59. A 60. B

SOLUTIONS

MATHEMATICS

⎛ x+ y ⎞ π

1. (D) Given that, f(x) = e2ix and f : R → C. ⇒ tan1 ⎜⎝ 1 − xy ⎟⎠ + tan1 z =

2

Function f(x) is not one-one, becuase

after some values of x (ie, π ) it will give

the same values. ⎡ ( x + y) ⎤

⎢ +z ⎥

Also, f(x) is not onto, because it has ⎢ 1 − xy ⎥=π

⇒ tan1 ⎢ ⎛ x+ y ⎞ ⎥ 2

minimum and maximum values 1 i ⎢1 − ⎜ ⎟z⎥

and 1 + i respectively. ⎣ ⎝ 1 − xy ⎠ ⎦

Hence, option (d) is correct.

( x + y) + z(1 − xy) = tan π = ∞

π ⇒

2. (B) tan1 x + tan1 y + tan1 z = (1 − xy) − z ( x + y) 2

2

ie, (1 xy) z (x + y) = 0

π

⇒ (tan x + tan y) + tan z =

1 1 1

⇒ 1 xy zx yz = 0

2

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1

2 cos π 0 0

⎡ 7 −3 − 3⎤

⎢ −1 π

1 0⎥⎥ + N− −2sin π 1

3. (D) Let A = ⎢ 2

⎢⎣ −1 0 1⎥⎦ 0 0 2 cos π

Now, |A| = 7(10) + 3(10) 3(0+1) 2 cos π 1 0

=1

π

Cofactors of matrix A are + N− 2cos N 0

2

C11 = 1, C12 = 1, C13 = 1 0 0 −2 sin π

C21 = 3, C22 = 4, C23 = 3

C31 = 3, C32 = 3, C33 = 4 0 1 0

⎡1 1 1⎤ f' (π) = 1 −2 1

⎢3 4 3⎥ 0 1 −2

∴ adj (A) = ⎢ ⎥

⎢⎣3 3 4 ⎥⎦ −2 0 0 −2 1 0

⎡1 3 3 ⎤ + π / 2 0 1 + π / 2 −2 0

⎢1 4 3⎥ 0 0 −2 0 1 0

= ⎢ ⎥

⎢⎣1 3 4 ⎥⎦ ⎡Q sin π = 0 ⎤

⎢cos π = − 1⎥

⎡1 3 3 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦

adj (A) ⎢1 4 3⎥ f ( π ) = (2 + 0) = 2

∴ A1 = = ⎢ ⎥

|A| ⎢⎣1 3 4 ⎥⎦

⎧ 1 + 3 N2 − cos2 N

⎪ , for N ≠ 0

2 cos N 1 0 5. (B) f(x) = ⎨ N2

⎪ k, for N = 0

π ⎩

4. (B) f(x) = N − 2cos N 1

2 RHL

0 1 2 cos N

1 + 3(0 + h)2 − cos2(0 + h)

f(0 + h) = lim

h→ 0 (0 + h)2

−2 sin N 1 0

f(x) = 1 2cos N 1 1 + 3h2 − cos2h

= lim

0 1 2 cos N h→0 h2

1 + 3h2 − (1 − 2sin2 h)

2 cos N 0 0 = lim

h→ 0 h2

π

+ N− −2sin N 1 1 + 3h2 − 1 + 2sin2 h

2 = lim

0 0 2 cos N h→ 0 h2

⎧⎪ ⎛ sin2 D ⎞ ⎫⎪

2 cos N 1 0 = lim ⎨3 + 2 ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎬

π

D→0 ⎪

⎩ ⎝ D ⎠ ⎭⎪

+ N− 2cos N 0

2 ⎛ sin h⎞

2

0 1 −2 sin N = 3 + 2. lim ⎜ ⎟

h→0 ⎝ h ⎠

−2 sin π 1 0 ⎧ sin x ⎫

= 3+2.(1)2 ⎨Q lim = 1⎬

f( π ) = 1 2cos π 1 ⎩ h→ 0 x ⎭

0 1 2 cos π =3+2=5

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2

1 + 3(0 − h)2 − cos2(0 − h) d2V π

f(0 − h) = lim =

h→ 0 (0 − h)2 Now, (4R 6h)

dh2 3

1 + 3h2 − cos 2h

= lim ⎛ d2 V ⎞ π⎛ 4R ⎞

h→ 0 h2 = ⎜ 4R − 6. ⎟

⎜ dh2 ⎟

=5 ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ at h = 4R ⎞ 3 ⎝ 3⎠

⎜⎝ ⎟

3⎠

6. (C) Let the height of the cone = h

π 4π

and the radius of the cone = r = (4R 8R) = R ⇒ Negative

3 3

Given, radius of the sphere = R ie., Maximum

⎛ 4R ⎞

A maximum volume is ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠

3

R π /4

7. (C) In = ∫ tann x dx

O 0

R D`4 π /4

r We have, Ir+2 = ∫ tanr +2 x dx

B P C 0

π /4

⇒ R2 = r2 + (h R)2 tanr x .tan2 x dx

= ∫

⇒ r2 = R2 (h R)2 0

π /4

= (R + h R) (R h + R)

and Ir = ∫ tanr x dx

⇒ r2 = h (2R h) 0

V = πr 2 h 0

3

π /4

1

⇒ V= π h (2R − h)h + ∫ tanr x . tan2 x dx

3

0

π 2 3

⇒ V = (2Rh − h ) π /4

3 = ∫ tanr x (1 + than2 x) dx

Differentiating with r to h 0

π /4

dV π

= (4Rh − 3h2 ) = ∫ tanr x .sec2 x dx

dh 3 0

For maximum or minimum value of [Put t = tan x ⇒ dt = sec2 x dx]

volume

1 1

dV ⎡ t r +1 ⎤

r

=0 = ∫ t dt ⇒ ⎢

r + 1

⎥

dh 0 ⎣ ⎦0

π ⎛ 1 ⎞

⇒ (4Rh 3h2) = 0 = ⎜⎝

3 ⎟

r + 1⎠

⇒ h(4R 3h) = 0

1

⇒ h = 0, (Not possible) So, Ir + Ir+2 =

r +1

4R 1

h= ie., I2 + I4 =

3 3

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3

1 10. (A) Here, OA, OB, OC are the co-terminal

I3 + I5 = edges of a rectangular parallelopiped of

4

volume V.

1

I4 + I6 = z

5

C

which are clearly in HP.

8. (C) We know that, if

n c x

In = ∫ sin x dx , then

b O a A

sin(n − 1) x cos x n − 1

In = − + I B P

n n n2 y

where n is a positive integer. Also, we know that the volume of

⇒ nIn (n1) In2 = sinn1 x cos x rectangular parallelopiped = [ a b c ]

dy ie, V = [OA OB OC] .... (i)

9. (B) tan y = sin (x + y) + sin (x y)

dx

dy Let OA = = , OB = > , OC = ?

⎛ 2x ⎞ ⎛ 2 y⎞

tan y = 2. sin ⎜ ⎟ .cos ⎜ ⎟

dx ⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2⎠ then from figure

⎡ ⎛ C + D⎞ ⎛ C − D⎞ ⎤ AP = = + > , *2 = > + ? , CP = ? + =

⎢Q sin C + sin D = 2 sin ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟⎠ .cos ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟⎠ ⎥ (By vector addition)

⎣ ⎦

dy Now, we find

⇒ tan y = 2 sin x cos y

dx

[AP BP CP] = [(a + b) (b + c) (c + a)]

sin y dy

⇒ cos y dx = 2 sin x cos y = (a + b) . [(b + c)×(c + a)]

On integrating = (a + b) . [b × c + b × a + c × c + c × a]

sin y [ c × c = 0]

⇒ ∫ cos2 y dy = ∫ 2 sin x dx

⎡Let t = cos y ⎤

⎢ ⎥

⎢ dt = − sin y ⎥

⎢ dy ⎥

⎢ ⎥

⎣ − dt = sin y dy⎦

dt

⇒ −∫ = 2 ( cos x) + c

t2

⎛ 1⎞

⇒ − ⎜ − ⎟ = 2 cos x + c

⎝ t⎠

1

⇒ cos y = 2 cos x + c =1+000+0+1

⇒ sec y = 2 cos x + c = 2.1

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4

= 2[OA OB OC] ⎡ −7 − 12⎤

= ⎢ ⎥

= 2V [from Eq. (i)] ⎣24 17 ⎦

11. (A) Given, f(x) = x2 3 Now, f(A) = A2 3A + 7

=⎢ ⎥ − 3 ⎢ 4 5⎥ + 7 ⎢ 0 1⎥

⇒ fof(1) = f(2) = (2)2 3 = 1 ⎣24 17 ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦

⇒ fofof(1) = f(1) = 12 3 = 2 ⎡ −3 − 6 ⎤

=⎢ ⎥

Now, f(0) = 02 3 = 3 ⎣12 9 ⎦

⇒ fof(0) = f(3) = (3)2 3 = 6 ⎡ 3 6⎤ ⎡ −3 − 6 ⎤ ⎡ 3 6 ⎤

∴ f(A) + ⎢ ⎥= ⎢12 9 ⎥ + ⎢ −12 − 9 ⎥

⇒ fofof(0) = f(6) = 62 3 = 33 ⎣ −12 − 9 ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦

Again, ⎡0 0⎤

=⎢ ⎥

f(1) = 1 3 = 2

2

⎣0 0⎦

⇒ fof(1) = f(2) = (2)2 3 = 1

⇒ fofof(1) = (1) = (1)2 3 = 2 x x2 1 + x3

= 2 + 33 2 = 29 z z2 1 + z3

Now,

x x2 1 x x2 x3

( ) ( )

2

f 4 2 = 4 2 − 3 = 32 − 3 y y2 1 + y y2 y3 = 0

= 29 z z2 1 z z2 z3

Hence, option (a) is correct.

x x2 1 1 x x2

⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞

12. (D) cos −1 ⎜ − ⎟ − 2 sin−1 ⎜ ⎟ + 3 cos −1

⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2⎠ ⎜⎝ − ⎟ y y2 1 + 1 y y2 xyz = 0

2⎠

z z2 1 1 z z2

4 tan1 (1)

C1 ↔ C2 and C 2 ↔ C3

−1 ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ π⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎞

= π − cos ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠ − 2 ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠ + 3 ⎜ π − cos ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠ ⎟

2 6 ⎝ 2 ⎠ x x2 1 x x2 1

+ 4 tan1 (1) y y2 1 + y y2 1 xyz = 0

π π ⎛ π⎞ π z z2 1 z z2 1

=π− − + 3 ⎜ π − ⎟ + 4.

3 3 ⎝ 4⎠ 4

π 3π x x2 1

= + 3. +π

3 4 (1 + xyz) y y2 1 = 0

43π z z2 1

=

12

13. (B) Given that, Q R2 → R 2 R 1

⎡1 − 2⎤ R3 → R 3 R 1

A= ⎢ ⎥ and f(t) = t2 3t + 7

⎣ 4 5⎦

x x2 1

⎡1 − 2⎤ ⎡1 − 2⎤

Now, A2 = ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ (1 + xyz) y − x y2 − x2 0 =0

⎣ 4 5⎦ ⎣ 4 5⎦ 2 2

z− x z −x 0

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Expand with r to C3 ⎡ 2 x⎤

(1 + xyz) ⎢⎣Q cos x = 1 − 2 sin 2 ⎥⎦

{(y x) (z x) (z + x) (z x) (y x) x

sin2

(y + x)} = 0 2

=2∫ 2

dx

(1 + xyz) (y x) (z x) (z + x y x) = 0 ⎛ x x⎞

⎜⎝ 2 sin .cos ⎟⎠

(1 + xyz) (x y) (y z) (z x) = 0 2 2

Q x ≠ y ≠ z ⇒ xyz + 1 = 0 ⎡ x x⎤

⎢⎣Q sin x = 2sin 2 . cos 2 ⎥⎦

x 1− y

15. (B) Given, = x x

1 1+ y sin

. sin

=2∫ 2 2 dx

Applying componendo and dividendo, 2 x 2 x

2.2 sin .cos

we get 2 2

1+ x

=

(

1+ y + 1− y ) ( ) =

1

2 ∫

x 1 x

sec2 dx = tan . 2 + c

2 2 2

1− x (

1+ y − 1− y ) ( ) x

= tan + c = f ( x) + c

1+ x 2 2

⇒ =

1− x 2 y x

⇒ f(x) = tan

2 2

⎛ 1 − x⎞

⇒ y=⎜

⎝ 1 + x ⎟⎠ π

1

18. (B) Let I = ∫ dx

On differentiating w.r.t. x, we get 0

1 + sin x

2 2

dy −2 (1 + x ) (1 − x ) − (1 − x ) .2 (1 + x ) π

= 1

dx (1 + x)4 =∫ dx

x

0 2tan

(1 − x) (1 + x) ( −2 − 2 x − 2 + 2 x) 1+ 2

= x

1 + tan2

(1 + x )4 2

4 ( x − 1) x

= π sec2

( x + 1)3 =∫ 2 dx

2

0⎛ x ⎞

16. (D) Given, error in diameter = + 0.04 ⎜⎝ 1 + tan ⎟⎠

2

∴ Error in radius, (dr) = + 0.02 x 1 x

Put tan =t ⇒ sec2 dx = dt

∴ Per cent error in the volume of sphere 2 2 2

∞ ∞

⎛4

d ⎜ πr 3 ⎟

⎞ 2dt ⎡ 2 ⎤

=

dV

× 100 =

⎝3 ⎠

× 100 =

3dr

× 100

∴1 = ∫ (1 + t)2 = ⎢−

⎣ 1 + t ⎥⎦ 0

=2

0

V 4 r

πr 3

3 dy

19. (B) Given, = sin (x+y) tan (x+y) 1

3 × ( ± 0.02) dx

= × 100 = ± 0.6 dy dz

10 Put x + y = z ⇒ 1 + =

2

dx dx

17. (A) ∫ (1 − cos x) cosec x dx

dz

∴ − 1 = sin z tan z 1

⎛ x⎞ 1 dx

= ∫ ⎜ 2sin2 ⎟ . 2 dx

⎝ 2 ⎠ sin x cos z

⇒ ∫ sin2 z dz = ∫ dx

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Put sin z = t 21. (D) If matrix has no inverse it means the

cos z dz = dt value of determinant should be zero.

⇒

1 1 1 −1 x

∴ ∫ t2 dt = x c ⇒ −

t

=xc

1 x 1 =0

∴

⇒ cosec z = x c x −1 1

⇒ x + cosec (x + y) = c

If we put x = 1, then column Ist and IIIrd

20. (A) Given that, = = i − 2j + 3k are identical.

Hence, option (d) is correct.

> = 2i + 3j − k

⎛ a2 − x2 ⎞ −1 ⎛ 2ax ⎞

22. (C) y = cos 1

⎜ a2 + x2 ⎟ + sin ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟

and ? = λi + j+ (2λ − 1)k ⎝ ⎠ a + x2 ⎠

Put x = a tan θ

Also, since = and > lies in the same

plane, then (a + b) is perpendicular ⎛ x⎞

⇒ θ = tan1 ⎜⎝ a ⎟⎠

vector to this plane. Given that vector

? is parallel to the plane containing = ⎛ a2 − a2 tan2 θ ⎞

and > , so vector (a + b) also ⇒ y = cos1 ⎜ a2 + a2 tan2 θ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

perpendicular to the vector ? ie,

(θ = 90°) ⎛ 2 a2 tan θ ⎞

+ sin 1

⎜ a2 + a2 tan2 θ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

So, (a × b) . ? should be equal to zero

⎛ 1 − tan2 θ ⎞ −1 ⎛ 2tan θ ⎞

or (a × b) . ? = 0 .... (i) ⇒ y = cos1 ⎜ 1 + tan2 θ ⎟ + sin ⎜ 1 + tan2 θ ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎡ 1 − tan2 θ ⎤

⎢Q cos 2θ = ⎥

⎢ 1 + tan2 θ ⎥

⎢ 2 2 tan θ ⎥

= (2 9) i + (6 + 1) j + (3 + 4) k ⎢sin θ = ⎥

⎢⎣ 1 + tan2 θ ⎥⎦

= 7 i + 7 j + 7 k

⇒ y = 2θ + 2θ

Then from Eq. (i)

⇒ y = 4θ

(7 i + 7 j + 7 k ) . ( λ i + j + (2 λ 1 k ) ⎛ x⎞

=0 ⇒ y = 4 tan1 ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠

a

⇒ 7 λ + 7 + 7(2 λ 1) = 0

dy 1 1 a2 1

⇒ = 4. . = 4. .

⇒ 7 λ + 7 + 14 λ 7 = 0 dx x 2

a 2

a +x 2

a

1+ 2

7λ = 0 a

⇒

⇒ λ =0 dy 4a

⇒ = 2

dx a + x2

Hence, the value of λ is 0.

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23. (C) Let A be the area and x be the side of

an equilateral triangle.

3 2

∴ A= x

4

on differentiating both sides w.r.t. x, we

get

dA 3

⇒ = (2 x)

dx 4

3 3

⇒ dA = ×.dx or ∆ A = ×∆ x

2 2

∆A

∴ Percentage error in area = × 100

A

3 PHYSICS

× ∆ x × 100 2∆x

= 2 = × 100

3 2 x 26. (D) j = nevd

x

4

j i

2 × 0.05 or, v d = =

= × 100 = 1% [Q ∆x = 0.05, given] ne A ne

10

dx 1A

24. (C) 1=∫ =

(2 × 10 m )(8.5 × 10 × 10 6 m −3 )(1.6 × 10 −19 C)

−6 2 22

( x + 1) 4 x + 3

= 0.036 mm/s.

Put 4x + 3 = t2 ⇒ 4 dx = 2t dt

We see that the drift speed is indeed

1 t dt dt small.

∴ 1= ∫ 2 =2∫

2 ⎛t −3 ⎞ 1 + t2

⎜ 4 + 1⎟ t 27. (B) Here, B = 0.3 T; θ = 30o; τ = 0.06 N m

⎝ ⎠

Now, τ = M B sin θ

= 2 tan t + c = 2 tan

1 1

4x + 3 + c

τ 0.06

∴M = = o

= 0.4 A m2

25. (C) B sin θ 0.3 × sin 30

E = c × B = 3 × 108 × 8 × 107 = 240 V/

m

29. (C) The de Broglie wavelength of a particle

whose momentum is p is λ = h/p. For

this proton, we find that

h 6.63 × 10 −34 Js

λ= =

p 3.3 × 10 −23 kgm / s

30. (C) Due to the property of self-induction, a

coil opposes the time variations in the

own current.

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31. (A) Applying Amperes law to the rectangle

( )

2

shown below. = I1 + I2 = K(a1 + a2 )2

A (Since, intensity ∝ amplitude square.)

P

F Q For destuctive interference or minimum

i intensity,

C D

O i

I min = I1 + I2 − 2 I1I2

R F

( )

2

S = I1 − I2 = K(a1 − a2 )2

B

Given, = =

µ0 λ I2 16 a22

∴ B=

2

a1 3

32. (C) Here, p = 4 × 109 C m, E = 5 × 104 N ⇒ =

a2 4

C1; θ = 30o

Now, magnitude of torque acting on the Imax (a1 + a2 )2 (3 + 4)2 49

dipole, ∴ = = =

Imin (a1 − a2 )2 (3 − 4)2 1

τ = p E sin θ = 4 × 109 × 5 × 104 sin

30o 35. (D) When the key is open, 120 V is divided

among C1 and C2 in the inverse ratio of

1 their capacitances.

= 2 × 104 × = 104 N m

2

120

33. (D) When the switch S1 is closed and S2 is ∴V1 = × 3 = 72 V

opened, the current flows only in the 2+3

first loop.

120

30 V2 = × 2 = 48 V

∴ I1 = =5A 2+3

4+2

∴ q1 = 72 × 2 = 144 µC

4Ω 1Ω and q2 = 48 × 3 = 144 µC

S S When the key is closed let q1 and q2 be

1

30V 15V the steady charge on C1 and C2. Then

by the loop rule

2Ω 2Ω

q1

60 − = 0 ⇒ q1 = 120 µC

34. (A) At points where the two interfering 2 × 10 −6

waves meet in the same phase, the

resultant intensity is maximum. q2

and 60 − = 0 ⇒ q2 = 180 µC

3 ×10 −6

The resulting intensity at any point

depends upon the phase difference (φ) ∴ Charge that flows through section

between the two waves at that point 1 = 144 120 = 24 µC

I = I1 + I2 + 2 I1 I2 cos φ Charge that flows through section 2 =

180 144 = 36 µC

For maximum intensity or constructive

Charge that flows through section 3 =

interference I max = I1 + I2 + 2 I1 I2 24 + 36 = 60 µC

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36. (A) Angular magnification (b) The current through the 6 Ω resistor is

15 3Ω

= = 1500 (3A) = = 1 A.

0.01 6 Ω+3 Ω

(c) The current through the 3 Ω resistor is

R R 3 A 1 A = 2 A.

Further cos φ= =

Z R + (X C − XL )2

2

The heat developed in it

1 = (2 A)2 × (3 Ω) × (60 s) = 720 J.

=

2

⎛ X − XL ⎞ 39. (C) Here, V = 18 k V = 18 × 103 V

1+⎜ C ⎟

⎝ R ⎠ if ν max is the velocity of the fastest

To raise the power factor, the electron, then

denominator should decrease. For this 1

either R should increase or X C X L νmax 2 = e V or

2

should decrease. If a resistance is

added in series, the denominator will 2e V 2 × 1.6 × 10 −19 × 18 × 10 8

νmax = =

1 m 9 × 10 −31

decrease XC XL or = ωL can be

ωC = 8 × 107 m s1

decreased either by increasing C or L. 40. (D) Initially the capacity of the capacitor

If we put a capacitor in series the increases and then decreases. So,

⎛ C1 C 2 ⎞ positive charge on plate A first

equivalent capacitance ⎜ = C + C ⎟ of increases and then decreases i.e.,

⎝ 1 2 ⎠

current in the outer circuit first flows

the circuit will decrease. Hence, either from B to A and then from A to B.

an inductor or a resistance should be

placed in series to raise the power CHEMISTRY

factor.

41. (D) The reaction at high temperature in the

38. (A) The equivalent resistance of 6 Ω and 3

blast furnace is

(6 Ω) × (3Ω)

Ω resistors is = 2 Ω. 2CuFeS2 + O2 → Cu2S + 2FeS + SO2.

6 Ω + 3Ω

42. (A) ⎡⎣Co (SO4 )(NH3 )5 ⎤⎦ Br + Ag + (excess ) →

This is connected in series with the 1 from AgNO3

0.01 mol/L

Ω resistor. The equivalent resistance of

the circuit is R = 2 Ω + 1 Ω = 3 Ω. +

⎡⎣Co (SO4 )(NH3 )5 ⎤⎦ + AgBr (s )

The current through the battery is 0.01 mol

i= = 3 A. 0.01 mol/L from BaCl2

3Ω

2+

(a) The current through the 1 Ω resistor is, ⎡⎣CoBr (NH3 )5 ⎤⎦ + BaSO4 (s )

therefore, 3 A. 0.01 mol

The heat developed in this resistor is 43. (C) Ethyl alcohol forms stronger H-bonds

than ethylamine or ammonia due to

H = i 2 Rt greater electronegativity of oxygen than

= (3 A)2 × (1 Ω) × (60 s) = 540 J. nitrogen atom. Diethyl ether, however,

does not form H-bonds since it does not

have a H-atom attached to O-atom.

website : www.unifiedcouncil.com

10

44. (D) Ag does not react with Cu(NO 3) 2 From the given data, t1/ 2 = 15 min

solution as e.m.f. of cell reaction is t

So, 0.1 M ⎯⎯

1/2 t1/2

→ 0.05 M ⎯⎯ → 0.025 M

negative.

So, time required for concentration to

45. (C) Reformatsky reaction is used to prepare

change from 0.1 M to 0.025 M = 2t1/2

β-hydroxy esters.

= 2 × 15 minutes = 30 minutes

46. (C) Yellow colour on heating NaCl in the

presence of Na is due to the presence 54. (A) Cl2 is a weaker oxidising agent than F2

of electrons in anion vacancies (F- and hence cannot displace F2 from NaF.

centres)

55. (A) (C 6H 5COO) 2Ca+ Ca(OOCCH 3) 2 ⎯⎯→

Heat

trioxide trimer (S3O9) as shown below.

2C6H5COCH3 + 2CaCO3

Acetophenone

O O

O CRITICAL THINKING

S O S O 56. (D)

S

O O O

57. (D) K(M) E(F)

O

48. (A) Mass of 5 L solution

H(F) I(M)

= 5 L × 0.981 kg L1 = 4.905 kg = 4905 g

Mass of 2 m solution L(M) G(F)

= 1000 g + 2 moles of methanol

= 1000 + 2 × 32 J(M) F(M)

Now 1064 g of solution contains Both are male.

methanol = 2 mol

58. (B) The government must have seen the

4905 g of solution contains methanol unawareness of the people as a strong

2 factor in the primary education

× 4905 = 9.22 mol. programme being not successful. The

1064

49. (C) Colloidal solution of liquid-in-liquid is step indicated in I must, thus, have

emulsion and not a gel. been sought for as a remedy for the

same.

50. (B) Co2+ and Fe2+ ions are coloured.

59. (A) A is the mother of B, B is the brother

51. (A) Aromatic primary amines i.e., aniline of C and C is the daughter of D. Hence,

gives dye test.

D is the father.

52. (D) For the same alkyl group, boiling point

increases as the size of halogen A (Parents) D

increases. Thus, C2H5I has the highest | |

boiling point. | |

B is Brother of C

53. (A) For a first order reaction, t 1/2 is

independent of the initial concentration 60. (B)

of the reactants.

THE END

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11

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