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Advanced Mechanics of Solids Assignment - I

Name : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Date of Assignment : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Roll No : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Set : . . . . . . . . .

1. A set of displacements for a deformable body are given as


~ = (2x1 − x2 )î + (x2 − 2x1 )ĵ + (x3 )k̂
U
(a) Determine if this is a possible displacemt for a continously deformable body,
(b) Determine the principal strains,
(c) Determine the direction of the maximum principal strain in the undeformed body,
(d) Determine the volumetric strain of the body.
2. The displacement field is given by (x1 − 2x2 )î + (3x1 + 2x2 )ĵ + (5x3 )k̂. Verify that this is a displacement
vector is continuously possible for a continously deformed body. Determine the principal stains. For
the maximum strain, determine the principal axes of strains in the undeformed medium. Determine
the volumetric strain of the body.
3. The state of the stress at a point in a body is defined by the components,
σ11 = 1000, σ22 = −1000, σ12 = 500, σ23 = −200 , σ13 = σ33 = 0 (kP a)
 
1 3 3
Consider a plane that passes through the point and has unit normal vector, √ , √ , √ , relative
10 10 10
to axes (x1 , x2 , x3 ).
(a) Determine the components of the stress vector that acts on the plane.
(b) Determine the magnitude of stress vector that acts on the plane
(c) Determine the magnitude of the normal stress that act on the plane
(d) Determine the magnitude of the shearing stress that acts on the plane.
(e) Determine the mean and deviatoric stresses,
(f) Determine the octahedral, normal stress and shear stresses.
4. The state of the stress at a point in a body is defined by the components,
σ11 = 36 = −σ22 , σ12 = 27, σ23 = σ13 = 0, σ33 = 18 (M P a),
relative to axes (x1 , x2 , x3 ).
(a) Determine the 
three rectangular
 (x1 , x2 , x3 ) components of stresses acting on the plane with unit
2 2 1
normal vector ,− , passing through a point P,
3 3 3
(b) Determine the magnitude of stress vector that acts on the above plane,
(c) Determine the magnitude of the normal stress that act on the above plane,
(d) Determine the angle between the stress vector and the unit normal of the plane,
(e) Determine the mean and deviatoric stresses,
(f) Determine the octahedral, normal stress and shear stresses.
5. The stress array for the torsion problem of a circular cross-sectional bar of radius a and with longitudnal
axis coincedent with the z-axis of the rectangular cartesian axis (x, y, z) is,
 
0 0 −Gyβ
 0 0 Gxβ 
−Gyβ Gxβ 0
where, G, β are constants.
Compute the principal stress at a point on the lateral surface of the bar. Determine the principal stress
axes for a point on the lateral surface of the bar.
6. Consider,
σ11 = σ22 = σ33 = 0 and σ12 = σ23 = σ13 = τ
(a) Calculate the principal stresses in terms of τ ,
(b) Calculate the maximum shearing stress,
(c) Determine the directions of the axes of the principal stress.
7. The distribution of stresses in an aluminium machine component is given in MPa as follows,

σxx = y + 2x2 , σxy = 3z 2


σyy = x + z, σyz = x2
σzz = 3x + 2y, σxz = 2y 2

Calculate the state of strain of a point positioned at (1, 2, 4).


Use E = 70 GP a and ν = 0.3.
8. A square plate in the side of a ship with 800 mm sides, parallel to the x and y axes, have a uniform
thickness of h = 10 mm and made of isotropic steel, E = 200 GP a and ν = 0.29. The plate is subjected
to a uniform state of stress. If σzz = σzx = σzy = 0(plane stress condition), σxx = σ1 = 500 M P a and
yy = 0 for the plate, determine σyy = σ2 and the final dimensions of the plate, assuming linear elastic
conditions.
9. Consider a rectangular plate with sides a and b and of thickness t (Shown in fig:1).
The stress function is given by, (where, p is a constant)
 
p 2 2 1 3
Φ = 2 x y + xy
2a 3
(a) Determine if, the Φ is a valid Airy’s stress function,
(b) If, the stress function is a valid airys stress function, then,
Determine σxx , σyy and τxy
(c) Draw a sketch showing the boundary stresses on the plate
(d) Find the resultant normal and shearing boundary forces (Px , Py , Vx , Vy ), where, P represent the
normal forces and V represent the shear forces.

Figure 1: For problems 9 & 10

10. Consider a rectangular plate with sides a and b and of thickness t (Shown in fig:1).
The stress function is given by, (where, p is a constant)

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p 2
Φ=− xy (3b − 2y)
b3
(a) Determine if, the Φ is a valid Airy’s stress function,
(b) If, the stress function is a valid airys stress function, then,
Determine σxx , σyy and τxy
(c) Draw a sketch showing the boundary stresses on the plate
(d) Find the resultant normal and shearing boundary forces (Px , Py , Vx , Vy ), where, P represent the
normal forces and V represent the shear forces.
Common Questions (to be answered by all)
11. Derive the equilibrium equation of streses in cartesian cooredinates.
12. Put down all the Compatability equations for strain
13. Write down the expression for Generalised Hookes Law, Hookes law for homogeneous isotropic materials
in terms of lammes coefficients.
14. Write down the Cauchy’s equation for stresses and strain, the corresponding characterstic equation
and the corresponding Stress Invariants.
15. Put down the gerneralised tensor for stress and strains at a point and what is engineering strain and
green strain.

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