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1/2/2019 Geospatial Analysis 6th Edition, 2018

 
Introduction
Geospatial Analysis 6th Edition, … and
terminology

In this Guide we address the full spectrum of


spatial analysis and associated modeling
techniques that are provided within currently
available and widely used geographic
information systems (GIS) and associated
software. Collectively such techniques and tools
are often now described as geospatial analysis,
although we use the more common form, spatial
analysis, in most of our discussions.
The term ‘GIS’ is widely attributed to Roger
Tomlinson and colleagues, who used it in 1963 to
describe their activities in building a digital
natural resource inventory system for Canada
(Tomlinson 1967, 1970). The history of the field
has been charted in an edited volume by
Foresman (1998) containing contributions by
many of its early protagonists. A timeline of
many of the formative influences upon the field
is provided in Longley et al. (2015, p20). The
research makes the unassailable point that the
success of GIS as an area of activity has been
driven by the success of its applications in
solving real world problems.
In order to cover such a wide range of topics,
this Guide has been divided into a number of
main sections or chapters. These are then
further subdivided, in part to identify distinct
topics as closely as possible, facilitating the
creation of a web site from the text of the
Guide. Hyperlinks embedded within the
document enable users of the web and PDF
versions of this document to navigate around
the Guide and to external sources of
information, data, software, maps, and reading
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