FEN R

le Conseil deof Europe: The Council l’Europe:
3 53 53 4 53 5 5 36 5 37 5 38 5 39 54 0 54 1

54

2

54

3

54

4

54

5

54

6

54

7

54

8

54

An Overview
9 55 0 55 1 55 2
55 3 55 4 55 5 55 6 55 7 55 8 55

0 53

53

1

5

32

52 52 5 52 6 27 8

9
71 47

2

47

3

47

4

47

5

47

6

47

7

47

8

9 47

0 48

48

1

2 48

48

3

4

84

5 48

48

6

48

7

48

8

9 48

9 56

4

90

49

1

0 56 1 56 2 56 3

2 49

49

3 4

94

5 49

49

6

4

46 46 4 4 46 46 4 5 66 67 8

9

0 47

40 4 3 40 40 40 1 33 33 0 33 9 32 32 3 27 8 8 1 2 2 04

5

6 40

40

7

40

8

4

09

0 41

41

1

2 41

41

3

41

4

41

5

41

6

41

7

4

18

4

19

4

20

4

21

42

2

7 49

42

3 42

8 49

4

42

5

49

9 50 0 50 1 50 2 50 3 50 4

42

6 4

27

42

8 42 9 43 0 43 1 43 2 43 35 7 35 8 35 9 36 28 5 28 6 28 7 28 22 1 22 2 22 3 2 A 23 22 16 8 16 8A 16 9 17 22 12 3 0 4 22 5 8 0 3

4 33 33 3

33

5

6 33

33

7

33

8

33

9

34

0

1 34

34

2

3

43

34

4

34

5

3

46

3

47

3

48

34

9

0 35

35

1

35

2

35

3 3

54

35

5 35

63

40 39 39 39 39 6 7 8 9

0

26 26 26 26 1 2 3

4

5 26

26

6

26

7

26

8

2

27 69

0

27

1

2 27

27

3

27

4

27

5

27

6

27

7

6

27

8 27

43

4 43 5

9

28

0 2

81 2

82

20 20 0 20 19 9 14 14 14 14 14 5 99 6 7 8 1

2

3 20

20

4

20

5

20

0 6 2

7 2

08

20

9

21

0

21

1

21

2

21

3

28

3 28 4

21

4

5 21

36

1

21

6 21

7 21

8 21 9 0 22

36

2 36 3

26 9 25 25 25 7

0

39 3 94

5

32

6

9 14 9

A

15

0

15

1

15

2

15

3

4 15

15

5 15 5

A

1

56

7 15

8 15

1

59

16

0 16

1 1

62

16

3 16

2

89 29 0

4 16 5 6 16 16 7

19 19 19 6 7

8

93 2 32 3 32 32 32 32 31 31 0 1 2

32 4

5

3 10 10 10 10 0 1 2

1

04

10

5

10

6

10

7

10

8

1

09

0 11

11

1

2 11

1

13 11

4

11

5 11

6 11 7 11 8 11 9 12 75 76

25 25 25 25 25 25 25 2 3 4 5

6

65 64 63 62 61 60 30 31 32

66

67

68

69

70

71 72 73

74

0 12 1 1

19 19 19 19 19 19 2 3 4

5

14 1 14 14 14 43 2

4

33

34

35

36

37

38 39 40 41

77 78 42 79 43

98 97 96 95 59 58

9 8

10 9 8

11

12

13 14 15

1

1

1 0

0

16 17 18

0

7 31

29

1

The Council of Europe: An Overview
The Council of Europe in brief ................................................ 2 The Structure ....................................................................... 4 The Main Conventions . ......................................................... 6 The Monitoring Bodies .......................................................... 11 The Main Partial Agreements ................................................. 12 The Council of Europe: Working with Young People ................. 15 The Main Campaigns ............................................................ 16 The Member States .............................................................. 18 The Council of Europe in the International Arena ..................... 20

The Council of Europe in brief
The Organisation Objectives
The.Council.of.Europe.was.established.to.promote.human.rights,.democracy.and.the.rule. of.law..The.Council.believes.that.these.values.form.the.basis.of.a.tolerant.and.civilised. society,.and.that.they.are.indispensable.in.building.a.stable,.functional.and.cohesive. Europe.. The.circumstances.in.which.the.Council.of.Europe.operates.have.changed.dramatically. since.its.fouding.in.1949..Technological,.scientific,.political,.social.and.economic.developments. have.brought.new.opportunities,.but.also.new.threats.to.democracy,.human.rights.and. the.rule.of.law. Central.to.its.mandate.is.the.role.of.co-operation.as.a.means.of.meeting.the.challenges.of. modern.European.society..Nurturing.Europe’s.cultural.identity.and.diversity,.and.achieving. democratic.stability.through.political,.legislative.and.constitutional.reform.are.at.the.heart. of.this.process.

2

The.Council.of.Europe.is.one.of.the.oldest.international.organisations.dedicated.to.fostering. co-operation.in.Europe.through.the.promotion.of.human.rights,.democracy.and.the.rule. of.law. Founded.in.1949.by.the.Treaty.of.London,.it.was.established.by.a.group.of.national. leaders.to.ensure.that.the.horror.and.suffering.of.the.20th.century’s.two.world.wars. would.never.be.repeated. Since.then,.the.ten.original.members.(Belgium,.Denmark,.France,.Ireland,.Italy,.Luxembourg,. the.Netherlands,.Norway,.Sweden.and.the.United.Kingdom).have.been.joined.by.almost. all.of.Europe’s.other.countries,.and.the.Council.now.has.47.member.states.

History
Since.its.creation,.the.Council.of.Europe.has.successfully.evolved.in.the.pursuit.of.its. goals..It.has.responded.to.major.changes.in.Europe’s.political.and.social.landscape.and.to. the.emergence.of.new.threats.to.the.human.rights.of.the.European.population. The.Council.of.Europe.was.one.of.the.first.international.institutions.to.open.its.doors.to. central.and.eastern.European.countries.following.the.fall.of.the.Berlin.Wall.and.it.has. introduced.new.treaties.to.tackle.modern.issues.such.as.cybercrime,.healthcare.crime,. international.terrorism.and.people.trafficking.

Symbols
The.symbols.of.the.Council.of.Europe.are.its.flag,.anthem.and.logo. The.European.flag,.with.its.circle.of.12.gold.stars.against.a.vivid.blue.background,.is. one.of.the.most.famous.in.the.world..Equally.as.illustrious.is.the.European.Anthem,.the. prelude.to.the.Ode.to.Joy.from.Beethoven’s.9th.Symphony.. The.Council.of.Europe.adopted.these.symbols.of.unity.in.1955.and.1972.respectively,. with.the.European.Union.doing.the.same.in.1986..They.are.now.the.emblems.of.a.shared. European.identity. The.e-shaped.logo.housing.the.European.motif.of.12.gold.stars.is.the.Council.of.Europe’s. own.distinctive.logo.and.was.adopted.on.its.50th.anniversary.in.1999.

Do you Know?

No country has ever joined the European Union (EU - 27 member states) without first belonging to the Council of Europe.

The Structure
4
A.number.of.separate.bodies.and.individuals.are.responsible.for.the.functioning.of.the. Council.of.Europe.and.each.one.has.a.vital.role:

The Commissioner for Human Rights
The.Commissioner.for.Human.Rights.is.an.independent.institution.within.the.Council. of.Europe,.mandated.to.promote.the.awareness.of.and.respect.for.human.rights.in.47. Council.of.Europe.member.states... www.coe.int/commissioner

The Committee of Ministers
This.is.the.Council.of.Europe’s.decision-making.body.(policies,.activities.and.budget).and. comprises.the.foreign.ministers.of.all.the.member.states,.or.their.permanent.representatives. in.Strasbourg... www.coe.int/cm

The Conference of International Non-Governmental Organisations
The.Conference.provides.a.vital.link.between.politicians.and.ordinary.citizens,.and.helps. to.ensure.that.the.voice.of.civil.society.is.heard.at.the.Council..It.comprises.delegates. from.INGOs... www.coe.int/ngo

The Parliamentary Assembly
This.is.the.political.driving.force.behind.many.Council.of.Europe.initiatives..It.consists.of. parliamentarians.from.the.47.member.states.and.sits.four.times.a.year... www.assembly.coe.int

The Secretary General
Elected.by.the.Parliamentary.Assembly.for.a.term.of.five.years,.the.holder.of.this.office. heads.the.Secretariat.of.the.Council.of.Europe..The.current.incumbent.is.Thorbjørn. Jagland.of.Norway... www.coe.int/sg

The Congress of Local and Regional Authorities
The.Congress.nurtures.local.and.regional.democracy..It.comprises.political.representatives. from.local.and.regional.authorities.in.all.of.the.Council.of.Europe’s.member.states... www.coe.int/congress

The Secretariat
The.Secretariat.is.the.Council.of.Europe’s.administrative.body..It.ensures.that.the. organisation’s.various.offices.function.properly.and.fulfil.their.mandates,.and.implements. internal.policy...

Established.in.1959,.the.Court.is.an.institution.that.allows.individuals,.groups.and.. governments,.regardless.of.nationality,.to.contest.alleged.breaches.of.the.European. Convention.on.Human.Rights... www.echr.coe.int

Do you Know?

The European Court of Human Rights

The Council of Europe has 47 member states whose combined population is more than 800 million.

The Commissioner for Human Rights

The Main Conventions
6
Conventions.are.the.pillars.on.which.the.Council.of.Europe.is.built..They.are.legally. binding.agreements.with.which.a.member.state.is.obliged.to.comply.once.it.has.signed. and.ratified.them..Compliance.with.many.of.these.conventions,.in.particular.the.newer. ones,.is.monitored.by.a.number.of.bodies.. Major.conventions.include:

The European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Created.in.1987,.this.convention.is.concerned.with.the.prevention.of.torture.and.inhuman. treatment.in.places.of.detention..It.sets.and.enforces.standards.with.regard.to. safeguarding.the.rights.of.those.imprisoned.or.otherwise.deprived.of.their.liberty.in.the. Council’s.member.states.. www.cpt.coe.int

The European Convention on Human Rights
Established.in.1950,.this.Convention.is.a.unique.and.powerful.propagator.of.civilised. values.and.democratic.growth..It.guarantees.the.right.to.life,.liberty,.security,.a.fair.trial,. family.life.and.freedom.of.thought,.conscience,.religion.and.expression.. www.coe.int/convention

Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities
This.framework.convention.is.concerned.with.the.protection.of.national.minorities.within. the.47.member.states..It.sets.out.guidelines.relating.to.a.wide.range.of.fundamental. freedoms,.including.peaceful.assembly,.expression,.conscience.and.religion,.access.to. media,.language.and.education.. www.coe.int/minorities

The European Social Charter
Introduced.in.1961.and.revised.in.1996,.the.Charter.works.to.protect.the.economic.and. social.rights.of.Europe’s.citizens..It.safeguards.rights.regarding.employment,.social.and. legal.protection,.housing,.health,.education,.free.movement.and.non-discrimination.. www.coe.int/socialcharter

The European Cultural Convention
Created.in.Paris.in.1954,.this.convention.helps.to.promote.and.protect.cultural.diversity. throughout.Europe..It.works.to.encourage.appreciation.of.the.many.national.identities. that.comprise.Europe’s.common.cultural.heritage,.with.a.focus.on.languages,.history.and. society.. www.coe.int/culture

Do you Know?

The Council of Europe has created more than 200 treaties to promote human rights, democracy and the rule of law.

The Convention on Cybercrime
This.convention.is.the.only.binding.international.agreement.on.cybercrime..Created.in. 2004,.it.issues.guidelines.for.the.development.of.comprehensive.national.legislation.on. cybercrime.and.also.acts.as.a.framework.for.international.co-operation.between.signatory. countries.. www.coe.int/cybercrime

The European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism
This.convention.was.the.first.international.treaty.to.establish.as.criminal.offences.activities. such.as.incitement,.recruitment.and.training.that.may.lead.to.acts.of.terrorism..It.also.works. to.harmonise.arrangements.regarding.extradition.and.mutual.legal.assistance.between. member.states... www.coe.int/terrorism

The European Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine
This.convention.safeguards.ethical.practice.in.biomedicine..It.issues.guidelines.on.. practices.including.organ.transplanting.and.the.use.of.substances.of.human.origin,. medical.research.on.human.beings,.the.protection.of.human.embryos.and.foetuses,.and. the.use.of.medical.records.. www.coe.int/bioethics

The European Charter of Local Self-Government
This.charter.came.into.force.in.1988.and.defines.the.constitutional.basis.of.local.selfgovernment.in.the.Council.of.Europe’s.member.states..It.guarantees.the.political,.. administrative.and.financial.independence.of.local.authorities.. www.coe.int/congress

Do you Know?

In 1996 the Council of Europe adopted the first international agreement on bioethics: the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine.

The Anti-Doping Convention
The.purpose.of.this.convention.is.the.harmonisation.of.anti-doping.regulations.throughout. the.Council’s.member.states..It.works.to.limit.the.availability.and.use.of.banned.substances,. to.fund.anti-doping.tests.and.to.ensure.the.strict.application.of.anti-doping.rules. www.coe.int/sport

Do you Know?

The European Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings
This.convention.came.into.force.in.2008.and.its.main.responsibility.is.to.prevent.and. combat.trafficking.in.human.beings..It.works.to.protect.the.victims.of.trafficking,.. to.safeguard.their.rights,.and.to.prosecute.traffickers.. www.coe.int/trafficking

The Council of Europe’s is the only organisation to have adopted an international legal agreement on anti-doping.

The Monitoring Bodies
The Bern Convention
This.convention.came.into.force.in.1982.and.is.concerned.with.the.conservation.of.wild. flora.and.fauna.and.their.natural.habitats,.and.the.monitoring.and.control.of.endangered. and.vulnerable.species..It.also.provides.assistance.with.legal.and.scientific.issues.in. these.areas.. www.coe.int/bernconvention

11

Monitoring.the.compliance.of.member.states.with.its.treaties.is.an.important.part.of.the. Council.of.Europe’s.mandate..It.has.established.various.independent.monitoring.bodies. to.carry.out.this.task...... www.coe.int/monitoring/

The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
The.charter,.adopted.in.1992,.aims.to.protect.and.promote.regional.and.minority.languages. in.Europe..It.works.to.maintain.their.use.in.all.parts.of.society.and.nurture.their.status.as. a.valuable.part.of.Europe’s.cultural.heritage.. www.coe.int/minlang/

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)
Comprising.an.expert.from.each.member.state,.ECRI.is.the.Council’s.independent.human. rights.monitoring.body..It.specialises.in.combating.racism,.racial.discrimination,.xenophobia,. anti-Semitism.and.intolerance.. www.coe.int/ecri

The Outline Convention on Transfrontier Co-operation between Territorial Communities or Authorities
This.convention.sets.out.a.framework.for.enabling.cross-border.co-operation.between. local.and.regional.authorities.belonging.to.the.Council’s.member.states..Areas.of.collaboration. include.urban.and.rural.development,.environmental.protection.and.the.improvement.of. public.services.. www.coe.int/congress

GRETA (Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings)
GRETA.is.the.taskforce.attached.to.the.European.Convention.on.Action.against.Trafficking.in. Human.Beings.and.is.responsible.for.monitoring.its.implementation.across.the.Council’s.47. member.states.. www.coe.int/trafficking

MONEYVAL (The Select Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti-Money Laundering Measures)
Created.in.1997,.MONEYVAL.is.responsible.for.ensuring.that.the.member.states.have.effective.systems.in.place.to.counter.money.laundering.and.terrorist.financing.. www.coe.int/moneyval

The Main Partial Agreements
12
Partial.agreements.play.an.important.role.in.supporting.co-operation.between.certain. member.states.in.pursuit.of.common.goals.on.particular.issues.. Key.partial.agreements.include:.

The European Audiovisual Observatory
The.Observatory.promotes.the.development.of.the.European.film.and.television. industries,.providing.statistical.and.analytical.data.and.public.policy.information. across.a.wide.range.of.media.. www.obs.coe.int

The Council of Europe Development Bank
Based.in.Paris,.this.was.one.of.the.first.financial.institutions.to.be.established.in.Europe. and.the.only.one.with.an.exclusively.social.vocation..Its.aim.is.to.promote.social.cohesion. in.the.Council’s.member.states... www.coebank.org

Eurimages
The.first.body.of.its.kind.in.Europe,.Eurimages.funds.the.co-production,.distribution,. digitisation.and.exhibition.of.European.cinematic.works,.encouraging.co-operation. between.film.professionals.. www.coe.int/eurimages

The European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and HealthCare (European Pharmacopoeia)
The.Pharmacopoeia.works.to.guarantee.access.to.good-quality.medicines.for.Europe’s. citizens.by.setting.compulsory.standards.for.the.production.and.quality.control.of. medicines.. www.edqm.eu

The Pompidou Group
This.is.the.Council.of.Europe’s.frontline.taskforce.against.drug.abuse.and.drug.trafficking.. Formed.in.1971.as.an.inter-governmental.body,.it.was.officially.incorporated.into.the. Council.in.1980.. www.coe.int/pompidou

The Venice Commission
As.the.Council’s.advisory.body.on.constitutional.matters,.the.Venice.Commission.helps. define.and.develop.common.constitutional.standards.and.provides.legal.advice.on. various.subjects.. www.venice.coe.int

GRECO (The Group of States against Corruption)
Created.in.1999,.GRECO’s.main.goal.is.to.improve.the.member.states’.capacity.to.fight. corruption..It.monitors.national.anti-corruption.policies.and.works.to.introduce.reform. where.necessary.. www.coe.int/greco

The Council of Europe: Working with Young People
15
Young.people.play.a.vital.role.in.the.development.of.Europe’s.societies,.culture.and.heritage.. The.Council.of.Europe.takes.a.practical.approach.to.working.with.this.group.and.ensuring. that.its.values.are.maintained.through.future.generations..

European Centre for Modern Languages
Based.in.Graz,.Austria,.the.Centre.supports.the.development.of.language.teaching.and. learning.in.the.member.states.as.a.means.of.fostering.greater.communication.and. co-operation.. www.ecml.at

The European Youth Centres in Strasbourg and Budapest
The.European.Youth.Centres.in.Strasbourg.and.Budapest.host.a.wide.range.of.educational. activities.for.young.people..Their.aim.is.to.encourage.intercultural.dialogue,.awareness.of. human.rights.and.participation.in.public.life.. www.coe.int/youthcentres

The North-South Centre
Set.up.in.Lisbon,.Portugal.in.1990,.the.North-South.Centre.works.to.raise.public. awareness.of.global.interdependence.issues.and.to.promote.the.adoption.of.solidaritybased.policies.complying.with.the.Council’s.aims.. www.nscentre.org

Youth Partnership Agreement
Since.1998,.the.Council.of.Europe.and.the.European.Union.have.established.youth.. partnership.agreements..with.the.aim.of..providing..a.framework.for.the.joint.. development.of.a.coherent.strategy.in.the.field.of.youth.worker.training,.youth.policy... and.youth.research.. www.youth-partnership.net

The Enlarged Partial Agreement on Sport (EPAS)
The.purpose.of.this.partial.agreement.is.to.promote.sport.and.emphasise.its.positive. values..It.also.works.to.establish.international.standards.and.develop.a.pan-European. framework.of.co-operation.. www.coe.int/epas

The Main Campaigns
16
Campaigns.are.a.vital.function.of.the.Council.of.Europe.in.its.promotion.of.human.rights,. democracy.and.the.rule.of.law,.helping.to.communicate.and.raise.awareness. Major.recent.campaigns.include:

Stop domestic violence
This.campaign.aims.to.raise.awareness.and.provide.support.and.protection.for.victims.of. violence.against.women,.including.domestic.violence,.which.is.a.serious.form.of.human. rights.violation.. www.coe.int/stopviolence

Building a Europe for and with children
This.programme.promotes.children’s.social,.legal,.educational.and.healthcare.rights,. including.protection.from.violence..It.helps.to.formulate.national.strategies.to.tackle.these. issues.. www.coe.int/children

European Day against the Death Penalty
Held.annually.on.10.October,.this.day.celebrates.the.Council’s.role.in.the.abolition.of.the. death.penalty.in.Europe.since.1997..The.World.Day.against.the.Death.Penalty.is.held.on. the.same.day.. www.coe.int/notodeathpenalty

Dosta! Fight prejudice towards Roma
Dosta,.meaning.“enough”,.is.part.of.the.Council’s.efforts.to.protect.the.rights.of.national. minorities..Its.goal.is.to.promote.a.positive.image.of.Roma.citizens.against.common. stereotypes.and.prejudices.. www.dosta.org

Do you Know?

Speak Out Against Discrimination
This.campaign’s.aim.is.to.fight.discrimination.and.promote.intercultural.dialogue.at.a. collective.and.individual.level,.with.a.particular.emphasis.on.the.role.of.the.media.in. achieving.that.goal.. www.coe.int/antidiscrimination

The Council of Europe has succeeded in making Europe the only death penalty-free region in the world.

The Member States
47 member states

18

Albania,.Andorra,.Armenia,.Austria,.Azerbaijan,.Belgium,.Bosnia.and.Herzegovina,.Bulgaria,. Croatia,.Cyprus,.Czech.Republic,.Denmark,.Estonia,.Finland,.France,.Georgia,.Germany,. Greece,.Hungary,.Iceland,.Ireland,.Italy,.Latvia,.Liechtenstein,.Lithuania,.Luxembourg,. Malta,.Moldova,.Monaco,.Montenegro,.Netherlands,.Norway,.Poland,.Portugal,.Romania,. Russian.Federation,.San.Marino,.Serbia,.Slovakia,.Slovenia,.Spain,.Sweden,.Switzerland,. “The.former.Yugoslav.Republic.of.Macedonia”,.Turkey,.Ukraine,.United.Kingdom..

19

Do you Know?

The Holy See, Canada, Japan, the United States of America and Mexico have observer status with the Council of Europe.

The Council of Europe in the International Arena
20
While.other.institutions.have.been.established.since.1945.that.complement.the.objectives. of.the.Council.of.Europe,.the.Council.retains.a.unique.place.in.the.international.political. landscape.. It.is.a.separate.entity.that.is.distinct.from.its.peers,.however.it.shares.many.of.their. values.and.goals.and.co-operates.with.them.in.particular.in.relation.to.human.rights,. democracy.and.the.rule.of.law. www.coe.int/DER Major.international.bodies.include: . . . •.. he.European.Union.(EU).www.europa.eu T •.The.Organization.for.Security.and.Co-operation.in.Europe.(OSCE).www.osce.org •.The.United.Nations.(UN).www.un.org

Discover.more.about.the.Council.of.Europe: Publications.available.for.purchase.at.. www.book.coe.int News.and.activities.at.. www.coe.int

Edited.by.the.Directorate.of.Communication,.Public.Information.Division Design.and.layout:.Documents.and.Publications.Production.Department. ©.Council.of.Europe.–.June.2010.

The Council of Europe: An Overview

EN

52 52 52 52 52 52 51 9
46 46 1

5

4

3

2

1

0

46 2

51 51 51 5 51 51 51 51 51 1 2 3 4 6 7

8

46 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

0

3 39 39 1

www.coe.int

50

9

ID 9536

0 51

39 38 38 38 38 9

0

8 50

2

8 7 6

1 0 9

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful