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SPM 2008

(a) Diagram 3.1 shows the results of an experiment to investigate the movement of bromine
particles in air.

Diagram 3.1

(i) State the name of the process involved in this experiment. [1 mark]
(ii) State the type of particle present in bromine gas, Br2.[1 mark]
(iii)Explain the observation in this experiment based on the kinetic theory of matter.[3 marks]
(iv) This experiment is repeated at a higher temperature. Predict the time taken for the bromine
vapour to spread throughout the space in both gas jars.[1 mark]

SPM 2010

Diagram 1 shows the inter-conversion of the three states of matter, X, Y and Z of water.

Diagram 1

(a) What type of particle is found in water? [1 mark]


(b) Under the room temperature, at what temperature does ice change to water? [1 mark]
(c) What is the physical state labelled Z?[1 mark]
(d) Name the process when water changes from state X to state Y.[1 mark]
(e) When water changes from state Y to state Z, state the changes in:
(i) The energy of the particles. [1 mark]
(ii) The forces of attraction between the particles.[1 mark]
(f) The smell of curry cooking in the kitchen spreads to the living room. Based on the kinetic
theory of matter, state the process involved. Explain your answer. [3 marks]
TRIAL JOHOR 2010
Graph 2 shows the temperature against time when solid P is heated.

(a) Based on Graph 2, answer the following questions:

(i) What is meant by melting point?[1 mark]


(ii) State the melting point of substance P. [1 mark]
(iii) State the physical state of P from time t1 to t2 [1 mark]
(iv) Explain why the temperature remains constant from time t1 to t2.[2 marks]
(v) Diagram 2 shows the set-up of apparatus used by a student to determine the
melting point of substance P.

Identify one mistake in the diagram. Explain why.[2 marks]


(b) When solid iodine is heated, it changes to purple fume.

(i) Name the process involved.[1 mark]


(ii) Name one isotope of iodine and state its use.[2 marks]
SPM 2008

(a) Diagram 3.1 shows the results of an experiment to investigate the movement of bromine
particles in air.

Diagram 3.1

(v) State the name of the process involved in this experiment. [1 mark]
(vi) State the type of particle present in bromine gas, Br2.[1 mark]
(vii) Explain the observation in this experiment based on the kinetic theory of matter.[3
marks]
(viii) This experiment is repeated at a higher temperature. Predict the time taken for the
bromine vapour to spread throughout the space in both gas jars.[1 mark]

SPM 2010

Diagram 1 shows the inter-conversion of the three states of matter, X, Y and Z of water.

Diagram 1

(g) What type of particle is found in water? [1 mark]


(h) Under the room temperature, at what temperature does ice change to water? [1 mark]
(i) What is the physical state labelled Z?[1 mark]
(j) Name the process when water changes from state X to state Y.[1 mark]
(k) When water changes from state Y to state Z, state the changes in:
(iii) The energy of the particles. [1 mark]
(iv) The forces of attraction between the particles.[1 mark]
(l) The smell of curry cooking in the kitchen spreads to the living room. Based on the kinetic
theory of matter, state the process involved. Explain your answer. [3 marks]
TRIAL JOHOR 2010
Graph 2 shows the temperature against time when solid P is heated.

(a) Based on Graph 2, answer the following questions:

(v) What is meant by melting point?[1 mark]


(vi) State the melting point of substance P. [1 mark]
(vii) State the physical state of P from time t1 to t2 [1 mark]
(viii) Explain why the temperature remains constant from time t1 to t2.[2 marks]
(v) Diagram 2 shows the set-up of apparatus used by a student to determine the
melting point of substance P.

Identify one mistake in the diagram. Explain why.[2 marks]


(b) When solid iodine is heated, it changes to purple fume.

(iii) Name the process involved.[1 mark]


(iv) Name one isotope of iodine and state its use.[2 marks]