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Pre-stressed Concrete Slab Design©

According to the ECP 203-2017

Ver. 1.0

Please send your comments & suggestions to improve this tool on


melkateb@hotmail.com

by
Mahmoud M. El-Kateb, Ph.D

Structural Engineering Dept.


Faculty of Engineering - Ain Shams University
Pre-stressed Concrete Slab Design according to ECP 203-2017 By: Dr. Mahmoud El-Kateb
Version 1.0

* Material properties & Allowable stresses

* Project :

Concrete fcu = 40 MPa Normal Portland cement ‫ سبق الجاهاد التام‬- ‫ حالة أ‬Full pres

Stressing after: 5 days , Recommended fcui = 26 MPa ‫ القطاعات الغير مشرخة‬- ‫ حالة ب‬Uncrack

Concrete fcui = 25 MPa ‫ الحالة الناتقالية‬- ‫ حالة ج‬Transiti

Prestressing case: ‫ القطاعات الغير مشرخة‬- ‫ حالة ب‬Uncracked state ‫ سبق الجاهاد الجازئي‬- ‫ حالة د‬Partial pres

Structural element: Flat slab

Allowable stresses in concrete: Clause 5-3-2-1

(in MPa) Initial stage Working stage

12 14 under sustained loads Normal Portland


Compressive stress
14 at simply supported ends 16 under full loads Rapid hardnening

1.1
Tensile stress 2.8
2.2 at simply supported ends

Strand Ultimate strength fpu = 1860 MPa


Strand Young's modulus Ep = 196,000 MPa

Strand type: Low relaxation stress - relieved strands


Strand Yield stress fpy = 1674 MPa

Type of tendons: Unbonded


Pre-stressed Concrete Slab Design according to ECP 203-2017 By: Dr. Mahmoud El-Kateb
Version 1.0

Maximum Jacking stress = 1395 MPa Clause 5-3-2-2


Pre-stressed Concrete Slab Design according to ECP 203-2017 By: Dr. Mahmoud El-Kateb
Version 1.0

* Losses in prestressing

* Project : 0

Concrete fcu = 40 MPa Ec = 27,828 MPa


Concrete fcui = 25 MPa Eci = 22,000 MPa

Structural element: Flat slab

Strand Ultimate strength fpu = 1860 MPa


Strand Young's modulus Ep = 196,000 MPa

Strand type: Low relaxation stress - relieved strands


Strand Yield stress fpy = 1674 MPa

Type of tendons: Unbonded

INITIAL LOSSES:
Anchorage slip losses: Clause 5-3-4-2-1

Draw-in = 6 mm
D fpset = 117.6 MPa = 8.4%

Elastic shortening losses: Clause 5-3-4-2-2

Prestressing system: Pre-tension


fpci = 5.9 MPa
D fpe = 52.5 MPa = 3.8%

Friction losses: Clause 5-3-4-2-3

Type of ducts: Normal ducts Wobble coeff. = 0.0033


Slab span = 10.00 m Total eccentricity = 0.08 m
Cable length = 10.00 m Cable radius of curvature = 156.3 m
Distance from jacking end to calculated section = 5.00 m
Friction coeff. = 0.25 Friction of steel with lead
D fpfr = 33.9 MPa = 2.4%

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Pre-stressed Concrete Slab Design according to ECP 203-2017 By: Dr. Mahmoud El-Kateb
Version 1.0

* Losses in prestressing
INITIAL LOSSES = 86 MPa = 14.6%

TIME DEPENDANT LOSSES:


Shrinkage losses: Clause 5-3-4-3-1

Shrinkage strain e sh = 3E-04


D fpsh = 58.8 MPa = 4.2%

Creep losses: Clause 5-3-4-3-2

f= 2
fcs* = 14.7 MPa
fcsd* = 5.5 MPa
fcs = 9.2 MPa
D fpcr = 129.8 MPa = 9.3%

Cable relaxation losses: Clause 5-3-4-3-3

fpi = 1191 MPa


k1 = 45
D fpr = 12.8 MPa = 0.9%

TIME DEPENDANT LOSSES =


201 MPa = 14.4%

TOTAL LOSSES = 288 MPa = 29.1%

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Pre-stressed Concrete Slab Design according to ECP 203-2017 By: Dr. Mahmoud El-Kateb
Version 1.0

* Design of Pre-stressed slabs

* Project : 0

Concrete fcui = 25 MPa Concrete fcu = 40 MPa


Strand fpu = 1860 MPa Steel RFT fy = 400 MPa
Initial losses = 5 % Total losses = 18 %

Dimensions:

Comp. Zone
B

B= 1000 mm
a
N.A
ts ts = 250 mm
As
C Cover = 45 mm to prestressting cables Negative
Tension. Zone
Cover C = 30 mm to traditional RFT
Straining actions:
Direction of moment:
Initial stage: MDead = 100 kN.m Positive moment

Working stage: Mmax = 180 kN.m


Mmin = 120 kN.m
Msustained = 150 kN.m

Pre-stressing data:

Max. eccentricity = 80 mm
Chosen eccentricity = 80 mm

Choose Pinfinity = 1240 kN Minimum Pinfinity = 1237 kN


Pinitial = 1437 kN
Pjack = 1512 kN

Check of stresses:

Initial stage: ftop = -4.3 MPa Compression


Allowble value = 1.1 MPa Safe
fbot = -7.2 MPa Compression
Allowble value = -12.0 MPa Safe

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Pre-stressed Concrete Slab Design according to ECP 203-2017 By: Dr. Mahmoud El-Kateb
Version 1.0

* Design of Pre-stressed slabs

Working stage: ftop = -7.0 MPa Compression


min. case Allowble value = 2.8 MPa Safe
fbot = -3.0 MPa Compression
Allowble value = -16.0 MPa Safe

ftop = -12.7 MPa Compression


max. case Allowble value = -16.0 MPa Safe
fbot = 2.8 MPa Tension
Allowble value = 2.8 MPa Safe

ftop = -9.8 MPa Compression


sustained case Allowble value = -14.0 MPa Safe
fbot = -0.1 MPa Compression
Allowble value = 2.8 MPa Safe
Pre-stressing cables: Clause 5-3-2-2

Required tendons = 1084 mm2


use 3 cables 4 f 12.7mm - 0.5" each
Actual Pjack = 1652 kN --> Actual Pinfinity = 1355 kN

Ultimate moment capacity: Clause 5-3-3-1

fpe = 1144 MPa > 0.5 fpu Following approximation may be used
Without contribution of traditional steel RFT:
Slab span = 10 m Perpendicular span = 9 m
hp = 0.35
mp = 0.00578
fps = 1232 MPa
Mu = 215 kN.m > Mmax Safe, use min traditional RFT
> 1.2 Mcr Safe, use min traditional RFT
Wp = 0.22 < 0.28 Ok
needed As = No need mm 2
use ### f 16

Minimum Reinforcement: Clause 5-3-3-2

Column width = 500 mm


for L.L >= 5.0 kN/m2 , Mu from case of D + 0.50 L = 135 kN.m
Mu (50% of tendons) = 119 kN.m Needs additional RFT
As min +ve = 315 mm2 5 f 10 /m mesh
As min -ve = 1500 mm 2
8 f 16 /m above column for width 1.25 m

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Pre-stressed Concrete Slab Design according to ECP 203-2017 By: Dr. Mahmoud El-Kateb
Version 1.0

* Design of Pre-stressed slabs


Check of punching shear: (interior column only) Clause 5-4-3-2

Column dims = 500 x 500 mm


Column load Qu = 800 kN
fppc = 1.2 MPa
qcup = 1.66 MPa
qup = 1.59 MPa < qcup Safe

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